17 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2024
    1. During the Arab conquest of Persia, the term became a racial pejorative.[3] In many languages, including Persian, Turkish, Urdu–Hindi, Azerbaijani, Bengali, Kurdish, Gujarati, Malay, Punjabi, and Swahili, Ajam and Ajami refer to Iran and Iranians respectively.
  2. Nov 2023
    1. Taiping forces occupied Nanjing and attempted to establish a new system of government and land ownership

      similarly occupied parts of China

    2. e time portrayed the dead as martyrs and used morally charged language to give their deaths political meaning.

      loyalty in death

  3. Oct 2023
    1. hinese supporters of the Qing gained power and stability, but at the cost of compromising their ethical values.
    2. ing rulers saw the fall of the Ming as a result of corrupt military officers and greedy civil officials.The establishment of Qing rule was a long process that involved collaboration between the Manchus and Chinese officials.
    3. officials even took matters into their own hands by hiring their own militias or training their own armies.
    4. eople started questioning the authority of the emperor and the government's ability to govern effectively.
    5. The social fabric of the empire began to unravel, with poverty and starvation increasing.
    6. During the Ming dynasty in China, emperors stopped meeting with their ministers and officials, causing a loss of confidence in the government.

      justified by saying that Ming would have fallen anyway

  4. Aug 2023
  5. Apr 2019
    1. In this scene, two group of ape had a direct confrontation. Two group were fighting for the territory. They had met before, but they didn't have any compete. In the second time, the ape which came from somewhere else rush into the others' territory. However, the ape who with the bones which are their weapons defeat the group who want to occupy their territory. No matter human beings or the animals, it always follow the law of jungle. Only the stronger one could be the winner.

  6. Feb 2019
    1. Historians call it the “conquest pattern”, which unfolds in three phases: legalistic measures to provide the invasion with a gloss of justification, a declaration of territorial claims, and the founding of a town to legitimate the declaration.
  7. Feb 2016
    1. nd C
      1. Through persuasion and the belief that Cortez was the God Quetzalcoatl the Spaniards entered in peacefully and captured Montezuma.
      2. The Sistema de Castas organized individuals into racial groups based on their supposed "purity of blood".
      3. This racial hierarchy was created as a prerequisites for social and political advancement. Iberian-born Spaniards occupied the highest levels of administration. Their descendants, New World born Spaniards occupied the next rung. Those mixed with Spanish and Indian heritage followed.
      1. How does internal tension in the Native American empires of the Americas aid Spanish attempts to create their empire?
      2. The Spanish wanted to take over the natives land because of the wealth and happiness it could bring to them. Central and South America was rumored to have fortunes around the land.

      3. In the biological exchange between Europeans and Native Americans, what diseases, plants, and animals were exchanged? The diseases that Europeans brought over to the Americas were measles, smallpox and influenza. Domesticated animals, squash, beans, corn and tobacco were among the many things traded between the Native Americans and the Europeans.

      4. What are the ways that European powers claim their right to claim land in the Americas?

      5. The pope authorized the Europeans to claim the land, claimed they discovered the land, and claiming they improved the land from the people they took it over from.
    2. Huge expeditions, resembling vast moving communities, composed of hundreds of soldiers, settlers, priests, and slaves, with enormous numbers of livestock, moved across the continent.

      It is amazing how many people risked their own lives just to come to America because they knew that they could make money off of what was already there.

  8. Jan 2016
    1. They ruled their empire through a decentralized network of subject peoples that paid regular tribute–including everything from the most basic items, such as corn, beans, and other foodstuffs, to luxury goods such as jade, cacao, and gold–and provided troops for the empire.

      The Spanish was trying to take control over North and Central America. They were taking away valued goods from the Native Americans and made money off of it.