62 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2022
    1. creative thinking as the “entire set ofcognitive activities used by individualsaccording to a specific object, problem, andcondition, or a type of effort toward aparticular event and the problem based on thecapacity of the individuals”

      Birgili's definition of "creative thinking"

    2. why they should acquire creative andcritical thinking in order to protect themselvesin whatever situation may occur

      because you can't warn them of all the possible situations they might run into

    3. don’t realizethat they are exposed

      how does this element relate to steam education/art influence?

    4. really interesting to read this, Russian paper, mentions what their censorship aims at

    5. critical thinking to resist newinstruments of soft power (2)

      what is "soft power"?

      • see below, 5 bullet points
    6. mental health as pointed out by OECD

      OECD?

    7. digital art,

      wd: a technology of STEAM education

    8. ndicate the addictions that theInternet generates. Once the dependencies arefixed and eliminated,

      their big problem doesn't have any source. Working definition?

    9. digitalizationprocess is also reflected as an importantcomponent in the innovation development

      digitalization as innovation in business/political strategies

    10. STEAM education

      working definition?

    11. reate new knowledge, which formsthe necessary qualities for faster socializatio

      novel idea

    1. "How can art reflect and inform the public about policy-making agendas?" In it, the students had to collaborate across classrooms to create an art piece that had a message.
    2. common image of the atom was WRONG, and that they needed to create a pitch for a better representation of it.

      Chris Uyeda

    3. deep conceptual and interpretational thinking

      goes into all fields

    4. Visual arts

      good focal point; sensorimotor & visual anatomy

    1. exhibition raised relief money for the people of Guernica. Picasso’s painting helped bring worldwide attention to the controversies of the Spanish Civil War

      picasso's guernica is like modern-day use of social media

    1. improvements in disrupted functional connec-tivity of the DMN are associated with positive consequences forcognitive, emotional, and behavioural functions in various clinicaldisorders
    2. lessconnectivity with other brain regions compared to T0

      Why was there a trade-off between connectivity in S1/M1 and "other brain regions"?

      Why not simply an improvement in S1/M1 & no change in "other brain regions"?

      see below: "compensational strategy of the ageing brain [42], [53]"

    3. medial temporal lobes play a central role in memoryprocessing
    4. resilience andfunctional connectivity of the PCC/preCUN in MTG and STG
    5. suggesting that the MPFC is responsiblefor the successful cognitive regulation of emotions [49

      also

      anterior, greater self-awareness [50], Art Production Group

    6. prefrontal cortex, particularly BA8, 9, and 10, are robustly activated during introspection [8]
    7. personal integrative experience - an experience of ‘‘flow,’’ - inwhich the participant is fully emerged in the creative activity [48]

      Is there a way to convert the actions associated with the AE Group into a more "personal integrative experience"?

      a writing task? an assignment to consider it on own time?

    8. mechanistic explanations, theproduction of visual art involves

      What mechanisms does the production of visual art involve?

    9. unctional connectivity between the frontal, posterior, andtemporal cortices after the combination of physical exercises andcognitive training

      another example of S1/M1 related changes

    10. The question of why the two groups demonstrated differentchanges in functional connectivity at rest remains open
    11. possiblehabituations effects

      Possibility for why the AE Group didn't have statistical significance

      (note: difference in ave education level)

    12. valuative reception of artwork is anaesthetic experience, in which the parietal regions of the brain,especially the SPL, are associated with visuo-spatial explorationand attention [45]

      Possibility for why the Art Evaluation Group didn't have statistical significance

      (note: the ROI was in the left hemisphere)

    13. recentmeta-analysis by Mihov et al. (2010) demonstrated a relativedominance of the right hemisphere during abstract thinking

      Possibility for why the Art Evaluation Group didn't have statistically significant differences

    14. improvement in the connectivity of the PCC/preCUN to thebilateral frontal cortices after producing visual art
    15. training in avisual art production group enhances functional connectivity ofthe DMN, particularly between the parietal and frontal cortices.
    16. ROI in the left hemisphere. Handedness was measured
    17. resilience in relation to less DMN functional connectivity) wasobserved for the parietal cortex

      *greater resilience

    18. greater resilience was associated with greater functionalconnectivity of the DMN with STG and MTG
    19. (greater resilience in relation togreater PCC/preCUN functional connectivity
    20. ROI around the S1/M1
    21. ROI in the visual cortex.
    22. cognitive art evaluation group had only significantly greaterfunctional connectivity from the right PCC/preCUN to SPL (BATable 1. Epidemiologic data.Visual art production Cognitive art evaluation TotalNumber of participants 14 14 28Age 63.50 (63.80 SD) 63.93 (63.34 SD) 63.71 (63.52 SD)Sex Female 8 7 15Male 6 7 13Handedness Right- handed 11 13 24Left- handed 1 1 2Ambidextrous 2 0 2Education Low 5 0 5Middle 6 5 11High 3 9 12Retired since 0–12 months 9 6 1512–24 months 2 3 524–36 months 3 5 8Number of attendances 6 sessions 0 1 17 sessions 2 3 58 sessions 1 3 49 sessions 5 3 810 sessions 6 4 10doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101035.t001Art and the Brain

      "...and to PCC (BA 31)..."

    23. epidemiological dataare presented as mean 6 SD and the psychological data as mean6 SEM
    24. hemispheric specialization and creative thinking, thePCC/preCUN coordinates were located in both hemispheres
    25. we were able to locate therelevant brain regions of activations of functional connectivity[25]
    26. Such methodologicalconcepts might improve the art experience [22], [23], [24
    27. keep their eyes closed during the scan
    28. Excluded from participation were professional visualartists and art historians, as well as people suffering from seriousphysical or mental disorders or taking psychotropic drugs
    29. DMN is characterized bypositive and negative connectivity between the dorsal and ventralmedial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), the medial parietal cortex(posterior and anterior cingulate cortex (PCC; ACC), precuneus(preCUN)), and the inferior parietal cortex during rest [7], [10],[11], [12]
    30. activation of the reward circuitby visual art perception for example [6]
    31. e visual art production group showed greater spatial improvement infunctional connectivity of PCC/preCUN to the frontal and parietal cortices
    32. posterior cingulated cortex (PCC/preCUN)
    33. 10-week-long art interventions.
    1. In this case, for a test to be statistically significant, p-value must be lower than 0.05.

      statistical significance should be less than 5%

      tf your confidence that the results are not due to chance is 95%

    1. We are 99% confident that the true average “attitude” difference betweenliving environments is between 1.32 and 7.88. At a significance level of 0.01we can say that living in a minority environment is associated with higherscore

      99% confident that the true average (result) is between these two numbers;

      at 1% (0.01) significance, we can scientifically assume there is a causal relationship

    1. more civic engagement and civic-minded behavior

      Is this because art exposes us to different points of view?

      gets the ball rolling, trains to pay attention

    2. economically disadvantaged homes
    3. involved in arts or athletics show greater success on standardized tests than their peers who do not participate in such activities

      Does this have more to do with the training in attention?

    4. improved social and emotional skills

      these skills are not taught as concretely in school as academic skills

    5. The arts are what make us most human, most complete as people.”

      What if the reason for the arts is something more important than being a "complete person" or more human?

      i.e. the insight, the brain connections, the resiliency

    6. vast evidence to the contrary.

      What is the evidence that the arts aren't just an extracurricular activity?