7 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2020
    1. The unique Umami characteristic of Dried Shiitake is Guanylate. This Umami component is created during the drying and rehydrating process, and not available in Fresh Shiitake.

      Interesting. This makes it likely that shiitake extract is the type of mushroom used in mushroom seasoning or takii. Most products just say "mushroom powder" and "mushroom extract". Some products list "shiitake powder" and "mushroom extract". I can find no product listing the type of extract used.

      Edit: The linked table shows dried shiitake has the highest guanylate and glutamate of the listed mushrooms. Given that the website is about umami generally, this dramatically increases the odds that it is shiitake extract used in said products. It implies that dried shiitake may be the most umami mushroom (though no other dried mushroom is listed).

  2. Jan 2020
    1. 22.3 per cent (−10.7; 95% CI, −15.6 to −5.7) in the diet group

      Interesting that the diet group worked better. I'd like to see if it's statistically significantly better than the drug group. It's also worth asking whether sodium was the only important dietary change, or if avoiding sodium caused many other dietary improvements.

    2. Sleepiness and neck circumference were significantly reduced only in the diet group (p = .007 and p < .001 for the time × group interactions, respectively).

      Fascinating. Neck circumference suggests that sodium intake may indeed be the significant dietary factor. The recommended diet wasn't even very restricted in sodium.

  3. Dec 2019
    1. The sodium-restricted diet group received a regimen aiming a maximum intake of 3 g of sodium per day (equivalent to 7.5 g of sodium chloride).

      That sounds incredibly high to me. 3000 mg is the absolute maximum intake that could ever be considered 'low' sodium. Under 1500 is usually considered ideal. Would, then, a diet aiming for half the sodium be twice as effective?

  4. Jan 2019
    1. ConclusionsThese findings suggest that in patients with HF, sodium intake plays a role in the pathogenesis of SA.

      The question remains, then, for the general population with SA.

    1. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that pharyngeal edema contributes to sleep-disordered breathing in obese patients with severe OSA, hypertension, and diastolic heart failure. Upper airway edema may contribute to the frequent occurrence of OSA in patients with heart disease.

      I suspect it also plays a role in UARS. This study probably selected people with heart failure because the fluid retention leads to a more dramatic response. Hypertension was likely a neccesary ethical consideration. Hypotension is common in UARS; therefore, one is unlikely to find a study administering diuretics to UARS patients. That leaves correlation as the only tool available to confirm this suspicion.