1,242 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2015
    1. The question that remains is how to treat this rising populace as culturally diverse and yet refrain from exoticizing them; how to allow big data to be an empowering tool among emerging economies while simultaneously strengthening their institutions; and how to create alternative modes of inclusivity to the default neoliberal approach of the marketization of the poor.
    2. The longevity of such social entrepreneurship lies in the belief that the state will continue to disappoint its citizens. Here, zones of marginalization become zones of innovation.

      La innovación social vista como mercado.

    3. Lastly, far from the claim of these initiatives to being novel and unprecedented, we need to recognize that these surveillance systems have their roots in colonial practices of identification of the colonized.
    4. Also, it is worth asking whether by embracing the bottom of the pyramid (bop) perspective of the poor as empowered consumers, are we in fact marketizing the poor?
    5. what Owen Thomas calls ‘high tech racism’. Certain bodies are more ‘unreadable’ than others
    6. While the West appears to be moving away from the convergence of datasets due to privacy laws, constitutional rights and public concern, these very initiatives in the global South are celebrated as acts of empowerment. Why the apparent contradiction?
    7. when we pay attention to the debates about surveillance, privacy and net neutrality and the demand for alternative models and practices to sustain the digital commons, they are primarily driven by western concerns, contexts, and user behaviors from these privileged domains. This undoubtedly provides a thwarted view of the internet.

      ¿Podemos hacer parte de una conversación desde lo local? ¿podemos articularnos con una conversación global?

    1. as our lives are dominated ever more completely by complex computer systems, it is a little disquieting to realise that perhaps our heroes must be as alien and inscrutable as our problems.
    2. the engineer has started to operate as a visionary improviser, seeing an adjacent world-state within the world system and instantly imbuing it with the radioactive glow of moral mission

      Me recuerda La ballena y el reactor nuclear. ¿Tiene la tecnología una política? y si la tiene, ¿tiene una moral?

  2. Aug 2015
    1. Where Otlet and Wells envisioned publicly funded, trans-national organizations, we now have an oligarchy of public corporations.
    2. Google freely excludes sites from its index for reasons that it is under no obligation to disclose—the secrets of the Googlebot are Delphic mysteries known only to its inner circle of engineers.
    3. The culture stood in stark contrast to the orderly, institutional tendencies of Otlet and Wells. Where Europeans were turning to their institutions in a time of crisis, many Americans were growing up in a value system that emphasized individualism and personal liberation. It was in this milieu that Licklider, Engelbart, and others began laying the foundations for the web we know today.
    4. A deeper look into the historical record, though, reveals a different story: The web in its current state was by no means inevitable. Not only were there competing visions for how a global knowledge network might work, divided along cultural and philosophical lines, but some of those discarded hypotheses are coming back into focus as researchers start to envision the possibilities of a more structured, less volatile web
    5. While these features have connected untold millions and created new forms of social organization, they also come at a cost. Material seems to vanish almost as quickly as it is created, disappearing amid broken links or into the constant flow of the social media “stream.” It can be hard to distinguish fact from falsehood. Corporations have stepped into this confusion, organizing our browsing and data in decidedly closed, non-transparent ways. Did it really have to turn out this way?

      La web, utopía y distopía en simultánea.

    1. we will end up ‘a society that grows ever richer, but in which all the gains in wealth accrue to whoever owns the robots’

      Similar a lo que dice Jaron Lanier en "Who owns the future".

    2. Open-source principles are a major point of distinction between DACs and the existing, overwhelmingly proprietary systems used for logistics, management and trading.

      Podría usarse ethereum para hacer más abiertos y transparentes los distintos elementos de la gestión de una ciudad.

    3. Imagine, for instance, a bike-rental system administered by a DAC hosted across hundreds or thousands of different computers in its home city. The DAC would handle the day-to-day management of bikes and payments, following parameters laid down by a group of founders. Those hosting the management programme would be paid in the system’s own cryptocurrency – let’s call it BikeCoin. That currency could be used to rent bikes – in fact, it would be required to, and would derive its value on exchanges such as BitShares from the demand for local bike rentals

      Se parece a la idea de Sebastian para Popayan y el Cauca.

    4. And yet, on reflection, Rifkin’s examples turn out to be anything but collaborative at their heart. Companies such as Uber and Airbnb are fiercely profit-driven, taking large cuts from all the exchanges they facilitate. They are middlemen themselves, albeit somewhat more efficient and open than their predecessors. What’s more, the digital payment systems that underpin their services are also highly centralised and very expensive.

      Un nuevo intermediario, de proporciones inmensas y transnacional, concentrándolo casi todo.

    1. As we know from public media, when products exist in the marketplace for reasons other than profit, it affects the whole market for the better. In other words, this kind of organization would be a public good as well as an academic one
    2. software is created through a design thinking process, with iterative user research and testing performed with both educators and students. The result is likely to be software that better meets their needs, released with an understanding that it is never finished, and instead will be rapidly improved during its use.
    3. While it's great that any member of staff can create a database, the IT department is then expected to maintain and repair it. The avalanche of applications can quickly become overwhelming - and sometimes they can overlap significantly, leading to inefficient overspending and further maintenance nightmares. For these and a hundred other reasons, purchasing needs to be planned.

      Sin embargo iniciativas como frictionless data permitirían aplicaciones a la medida que a su vez interoperaran. La parte de redundancia y consistencia de datos debería ser asumida creando sistemas modulares que puedan tener lugares centralizados y distribuidos para su funcionamiento (quizás combinándolo con tecnologías como el blockchain para lugares que requieran datos consistentes y compatidos).

    1. This business model does not need, or even more it is prohibited, by an alternative Application Pattern, a pattern that it is Human centric, Human scale, that puts you in the center and does not see you as a data generation unit aggregated inside a giant swarm of people.
    1. Personally, I think the people at Facebook made a stellar product. It's creepy how much they know about us, even creepier how much they care about this information, and scary that they are sharing it with governments. But it's also wonderful to be able to find nearly anyone in the world, contact them immediately, set up events, share media, etc. They have build a robust, incredibly impressive and functional platform that gets better every day.

      Este párrafo lo explica todo y es un pensamiento popular: sacrificar conveniencia por privacidad y otros derechos. Como si no se pudieran lograr la conveniencia con respeto a ellos. La Indie web muestra que podemos encontrar a mucha gente y contactarlos (por correo), así como acordar eventos y compartir medios de comunicación (Archive, Known, etc). Es como si la única forma de hacerlo convenientemente fuera Facebook. Que miopía la del autor!

    2. Security. How hack-proof is Ello? Is the code going to be open sourced? How will we know if/when they are working with the NSA?

      La aproximación de Known es mejor: se conecta con la web enajenada pero popular (facebook, twitter) y su código fuente es abierto. En cuanto a trabajar con la NSA, después de Snowden, ya sabemos que Facebook si lo hace, un lugar donde el autor obvia las comparaciones.

    1. Hacking, in my world, is a route to escaping the shackles of the profit-fetish, not a route to profit.
    2. the true hacker spirit does not reside at Google, guided by profit targets
    3. The gentrification of hacking is… well, perhaps a perfect hack.
    4. And before you know it, an earnest Stanford grad is handing me a business card that says, without irony: ‘Founder. Investor. Hacker.’

      Mi "emprendimiento", mutabiT, muestra varias cosas de la cultura hacker que pueden tener potencial en contextos educativos, empresariales o gubernamentales entre otros, pero sigue alineada a la construcción de procomún y no de lucro para la propia empresa o sus propietarios (como muestran los balances y las apuestas hechas ;-))

    5. This process of gentrification becomes a war over language
    6. This doublethink bleeds through into mainstream corporate culture, with the growing institution of the corporate ‘hackathon’

      Desvirtuar la idea de la hackatón para que sirva de maquillaje y al enajenamiento en lugar del empoderamiento. Lo vimos pasar también en Colombia e hicimos una propuesta contestataria, como puede verse en: La Gobernatón: ¿Qué sigue?

    7. And so we see a gradual stripping away of the critical connotations of hacking. Who said a hacker can’t be in a position of power? Google cloaks itself in a quirky ‘hacker’ identity, with grown adults playing ping pong on green AstroTurf in the cafeteria, presiding over the company’s overarching agenda of network control.

      The startup hacker lie

    8. ‘hacking’ as quirky-but-edgy innovation by optimistic entrepreneurs with a love of getting things done
    9. the revised definition of the tech startup entrepreneur as a hacker forms part of an emergent system of Silicon Valley doublethink
    10. The countercultural trickster has been pressed into the service of the preppy tech entrepreneur class.
    11. Here is where the second form of corruption begins to emerge. The construct of the ‘good hacker’ has paid off in unexpected ways, because in our computerised world we have also seen the emergence of a huge, aggressively competitive technology industry with a serious innovation obsession. This is the realm of startups, venture capitalists, and shiny corporate research and development departments. And, it is here, in subcultures such as Silicon Valley, that we find a rebel spirit succumbing to perhaps the only force that could destroy it: gentrification.
    12. In the context of a complex system – computer, financial or underground transit – the political divide is always between well-organised, active insiders versus diffuse, passive outsiders. Hackers challenge the binary by seeking access, either by literally ‘cracking’ boundaries – breaking in – or by redefining the lines between those with permission and those without. We might call this appropriation.
    13. Thus a single manifestation of a single element of the original spirit gets passed off as the whole.

      Esta es la primera corrupción del espíritu hacker, según el autor, su simplificación y caricaturización. Recuerdo ser invitado a un evento de Hackers y Seguridad hace varios años, insistiendo que la seguridad no era aquello a lo que me dedicaba, aunque de todos modos sabía sobre los ethos hacker (finalmente no pude asistir).

    14. Despite the hive-mind connotations of faceless groups such as Anonymous, the archetype of ‘the hacker’ is essentially that of an individual attempting to live an empowered and unalienated life. It is outsider in spirit, seeking empowerment outside the terms set by the mainstream establishment.

      cfg "mente colmena" y Who owns the future, de Jaron Lanier.

    15. I was attracted to the hacker archetype because, unlike the straightforward activist who defines himself in direct opposition to existing systems, hackers work obliquely. The hacker is ambiguous, specialising in deviance from established boundaries, including ideological battle lines. It’s a trickster spirit, subversive and hard to pin down. And, arguably, rather than aiming towards some specific reformist end, the hacker spirit is a ‘way of being’, an attitude towards the world.
    16. For all his protestations of innocence, it’s clear that Draper’s curiosity was essentially subversive. It represented a threat to the ordered lines of power within the system. The phreakers were trying to open up information infrastructure, and in doing so they showed a calculated disregard for the authorities that dominated it.
    17. For all his protestations of innocence, it’s clear that Draper’s curiosity was essentially subversive. It represented a threat to the ordered lines of power within the system. The phreakers were trying to open up information infrastructure, and in doing so they showed a calculated disregard for the authorities that dominated it.
    18. The internet promises open access to information and online assembly for individual computer owners. At the same time, it serves as a tool for corporate monopolists and government surveillance.

      Aaron hablaba de este caracter dual y permanente de la red en Internet own boy