- Oct 2020
Yet it can be deceivingly difficult to properly encode (user) input
They were talking about output encoding but then switched to input encoding? Did they really mean to say input encoding here?
When processing untrusted user input for (web) applications, filter the input, and encode the output.
- May 2020
Pichler, Anton, Marco Pangallo, R. Maria del Rio-Chanona, François Lafond, and J. Doyne Farmer. “Production Networks and Epidemic Spreading: How to Restart the UK Economy?” ArXiv:2005.10585 [Physics, q-Fin], May 21, 2020. http://arxiv.org/abs/2005.10585.
- social distincing
- epidemic spreading
- inventory dynamics
- transmission rate
- production network
- economic growth
- United Kingdom
- input-output constraints
- reopening industry
- work from home
- Apr 2020
When you output the data, you know the use case of the data. This knowledge allows you to safely sanitize the output data accordingly.
I would call this output encoding instead of sanitization
1- Validation: you “validate”, ie deem valid or invalid, data at input time. For instance if asked for a zipcode user enters “zzz43”, that’s invalid. At this point, you can reject or… sanitize. 2- sanitization: you make data “sane” before storing it. For instance if you want a zipcode, you can remove any character that’s not [0-9] 3- escaping: at output time, you ensure data printed will never corrupt display and/or be used in an evil way (escaping HTML etc…)
- Feb 2018
- Oct 2016
Previously, intensity-dependent metabolic changes have been found with positron emission tomography and blood oxygen level dependent magnetic resonance imaging after TMS to motor/prefrontal cortex; bilateral motor/prefrontal and auditory activation is induced, which becomes stronger with increasing pulse intensity [Bohning et al.,1999,2000; Fox et al.,1997; Nahas et al.,2001; Siebner et al.,1999; Speer et al.,2003]. However, these results are not directly comparable with our EEG findings. Arising a few seconds poststimulus, metabolic changes reflect relatively long-lasting activity of interconnected neuronal networks, whereas we were interested in the TMS-evoked events that occurred within a fraction of a second.