1,029 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2018
    1. investigated the cognitive processes involved in learning implicit attitudes toward alcohol after incidental exposure to alcohol advertisements presented in a dynamic context
    2. However, further studies should address this point
    3. 108 participants were randomly exposed to dynamic sporting events excerpts with and without advertising for a specific brand of alcohol, after completing self-reported measures of alcohol-related expectancies, alcohol consumption, and attitudes toward sport. Participants then completed a lexical decision task and an affective priming task. We showed that participants were faster to detect brand name after being exposed to advertising during a sports game, and that implicit attitudes of participants toward the brand were more positive after they were exposed to advertising, even when alcohol usage patterns were controlled for. Incidental exposure to alcohol sponsorship in sport events impacts implicit attitudes toward the advertised brand and alcohol in general. The effect of incidental advertising on implicit attitudes is also likely to be due to a mere exposure effect.
    1. calling on the NCAA and its member schools to end all alcohol advertising during radio and television broadcasts of collegiate sporting events.
    2. CSPI launched the Campaign for Alcohol-Free Sports TV to eliminate alcohol ads from televised sports. In January 2004 the Campaign wrote to more than 1000 NCAA-member colleges and universities asking them to sign the College Commitment to end alcohol ads on college sports telecasts. To date 108 colleges have already signed on.
    3. Colleges should not allow their sports teams to be used to market beer. That practice mocks the values of sports and demeans campus efforts to combat alcohol problems.
    1. Be culturally relevant; consider making content related to trending pop culture or news items to piggyback off what people are already talking about and searching for.

      Might not actually be giving a fully formed opinion

    2. For easy hits, try doing an autotune version of a famous video.

      Certain content with less effort gets promoted

    3. If there is a boring lull in your video, cut it. Don’t be boring; people have very short attention spans when it comes to viewing online content.

      Consumer culture of online videos

    4. When it comes down to it, most YouTubers are opinionated so have an opinion of your own.

      Are seen as divisive

    5. Make sure your videos are bright rather than dark, depressing and generally dreary.

      Forces an positive outlook

    6. Don’t necessarily rush to edit out mistakes; mistakes make you human and relatable. YouTube isn’t Hollywood.

      Can be manipulated to seem more genuine

    7. Upload as often as you can no matter what. Try to make new videos AT LEAST once a week.

      Can leave creators drained, not as much time to think

    8. Once you have one incredible video with some decent momentum try to get featured by a YouTube editor; just like Instagram, getting featured is the quickest, surest path to success.

      "mentioning" system

    9. Start by making shorter videos.

      Algorithm prioritizes a certain format.

    10. passionate about making content rather than trying to be successful

      Also contradicts the first statements. See annotation 2 too. The passion people are forced to expel makes everything they say seem more genuine, pushing the neutral narrative.

    11. Above all else, be yourself and be original; the audience wants to get to know you as a person so express your unique personality.

      This contradicts #PopularOnYouTube. While I don't believe you have to betray yourself in order to do a cool trend, if being yourself doesn't fit well into #PopularOnYouTuber it becomes harder to net popularity.

    12.  #PopularOnYouTube

      The best way to get views fast is to follow what's popular.

    1. But what isn’t acknowledged is her life of drug abuse, submission and unfaithfulness. She was described by people she worked with as “shallow,” “ditzy” and “stupid.” She died of an alleged drug overdose at the age of 36. She reportedly had affairs with famous married men. In a world with strong, intelligent women leaders, Monroe should not be deemed a suitable role model.

      I disagree. Just because someone has a mental health issue, does not and should not prohibit them from being a role model.

    1. After her third divorce, Monroe entered a hospital for psychiatric care. Always fearful that she would lose her sanity, Monroe suffered with recurrent bouts of depression throughout her career. She was generally unsure of herself and her place in the demanding world of Hollywood. Alcohol or barbiturates became crutches to bolster her confidence. When she was unable to sleep, she took sleeping pills, making her habitually late on the set. Although Monroe was seeing a psychiatrist regularly, her depression increased along with her anxiety. She was also troubled by rumors of her affairs with prominent men, including President John F. Kennedy and his brother, Robert.

      Maybe I could talk about Marilyn suffering from these terrible issues and how that influenced the public to be on the look out for mental illness and make it less of a taboo.

    1. Unfortunately, these well-meaning friends and family cannot understand why the person-in-recovery reacts so negatively to their genuine efforts to help them "get over it." These sorts of techniques may be useful for coping with ordinary anxiety, but are not effective once anxiety has reached a pathological level.

      Helps show that it can be hard for most of us to understand what the other people are going through when it comes to anxiety, so we should leave it up to the professionals to treat and help the issue. Research a little more on what can maybe help acute cases of anxiety, which more people deal with!

    2. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2008), approximately 40 million American adults (i.e., 18.1 %) have an anxiety disorder in a given year, with their first episode occurring before the age of 21.5. This prevalence rate is really quite astonishing: roughly one person in five will have experienced an anxiety disorder during that year

      PROVES that this is a very serious and very relevant topic in today's world. Writing that people will typically have their first episode of this disorder before the age of 21.5 will shock people and hopefully help them to understand that they are not struggling with this disorder on their own.

    3. the difference between normal anxiety and abnormal anxiety is this: anxiety is considered normal and adaptive when it serves to improve peoples' functioning or wellbeing. In contrast, abnormal anxiety is a chronic condition that impairs peoples' functioning and interferes with their well-being. This impairment causes them significant distress.

      Since a good portion of my paper is focused on the difference between different kind of anxieties, and this would be really great to add in. Knowing that not every person that will read this essay will be currently suffering from a serious anxiety disorder, but rather that they be suffering from acute cases of anxiety would be a strategic way to keep the readers engaged.

    1. Another social anxiety triggered by online media is the fear of missing out; pictures of a party where the user was not invited, or yet another wedding they weren't able to attend thanks to their grueling work schedule can take a toll on self-esteem, say mental health specialists.

      This is something that I know that I do not struggle with myself. This idea would explain why teen depression is on the rise and how depression and anxiety are related in yet another way. Being addicted to social media wouldn't help the person dealing with anxiety whatsoever.

    2. social media has become an anxiety-provoking factor.

      Use this as a quote in your paper. Statistics to help support this statement would help it to be a stronger point and key idea. Talk to Jenessa to see if her topic about social media could be interlinked with this paper.

    3. Feelings of self-consciousness or a need for perfectionism can arise, which often manifests itself into social anxiety or pervasive thoughts indicative of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder.

      Being a teenager in an age of media and social networking has led us to be addicted to our devices, so this can very easily happen. Add this idea to prove that it is possible that many people suffer from this kind of acute anxiety on a day to day basis.

    1. "Would stay in school alot longer if they were paid" _jamal crawford

      he got suspended fo rhaving a coach help pay for his meals or just little things, didnt know he broke the rules bc it was small to him

    1. The social networking world does have some positive aspects. For example, some teens and young adults have become internet famous from social media outlets such as Vine and Youtube The teens that are internet famous try to create a positive self-image and explain to our generation that perfection doesn’t matter. A lot of the famous teens always say to “be yourself.” Some of these teens inspire others to be themselves and have helped them be able to find who they truly are by an inspiration from their peers who love to embrace being themselves. Social media is here to connect with family and friends, catch up on what’s happening throughout the world, inform us on news and important events, inspire us to make a change, explore the network by seeing other people’s interests, lifestyles and more. The problem isn’t social media, it is teens.

      positive aspects of social media

    2. ocial media can affect a teen’s self-esteem by changing their entire style such as clothes, music, and personality and even change what kind of friends they have

      social media can change your ways of life

    1. For young people who have a tendency towards perfectionism, anxiety or disordered eating, the (often digitally enhanced) images of thin girls or women they see online can lead them to equate slimness with happiness. Validation of their own photos from other social media users (‘You look great!’ ‘Have you lost weight?’) may falsely fulfil their need for acceptance – further distorting their body image.

      Teenagers compare themselves to what they see on social media- creating a negative body image

    1. In conclusion, humans have a lot in common, and to understand yourself completely you have to understand the people in your life or the people around you.

      We need people around us to understand ourselves and understand life.

    2. His attitude towards his wife has made him understand the kind of man he his, and the area of his life he needs to work on or change.

      We learn who we are based on our relationships with others.

    1. high number of people encroaching into wild areas that has extensively lead to poaching and mass hunting.

      In part to protect the inhabitants from the animals who's territory they encroached on.

    1. In the first experiment in the study, Varnum and his co-authors analyzed how the media covers extraterrestrial discoveries. They looked at five events: the discovery of pulsars in 1967, which were not immediately recognized as natural; Ohio astronomer Jerry Ehman's detection of the “Wow!” radio signal in 1977 (the signal's source remains disputed); the 1996 announcement of fossilized microbes in a Martian meteorite; the strange behavior of Tabby's Star reported in 2015; and 2017's discoveries of exoplanets that exist within distant habitable zones.

      Psychologists collaborating with the Washington post studied how media covers extraterrestrial discoveries. Analyzing fifteen articles, they found that the written content use words with a positive effect more frequently. Even though these words do not reveal anything monumental, they made predictions on humans will react to alien life.

    2. Varnum cautioned that these results do not reflect how the rest of the world might respond. Vakoch echoed that sentiment. Past research on extraterrestrial civilizations suggest that Americans tended to view aliens in a more black-and-white way than residents of China, for instance, he said. “Chinese participants were able to imagine contact would lead to both risks and benefits,” whereas Americans either thought the discovery would be “all good or all bad, but not both,” he said.

      It is cautioned that the rest of the world might not reflect the same reactions as Americans. Past research on extraterrestrial civilizations suggest the Americans view aliens more in black and white, the discovery would be all good or all bad, not both. The residents of China, where they are able to see the risks and the benefits.

    3. Given these results, Pennycook said he would be “pretty confident” that, if NASA announced the discovery of alien microbes tomorrow, Americans would react positively.

      The Washington Post wrote about Psychologists' predictions to how humanity will react to alien life. It reported that Americans would react positively is NASA announced the discovery of alien life tomorrow.

    1. Targeted fishing of top predators (such as billfish, sharks and tuna) eventually disrupts marine communities, causing increased abundance of smaller marine animals at the bottom of the food chain. This in turn has impacts on the rest of the marine ecosystem, such as the increased growth of algae and threats to coral reef health. Overfishing is also closely tied to bycatch, another serious marine threat that causes the needless loss of billions of fish, along with marine turtles and cetaceans.

      Negatively effects entire ecosystems, therefore perpetuating endangerment.

    2. WWF works with stakeholders to reform fisheries management globally, focusing on sustainable practices that conserve ecosystems, but also sustain livelihoods and ensure food security.

      Efforts of conservation organizations in terms of over fishing.

    3. More than 30 percent of the world's fisheries have been pushed beyond their biological limits and are in need of strict management plans to restore them

      Politics might need to come into play here which is going to be messy.

    4. The results not only affect the balance of life in the oceans, but also the social and economic well-being of the coastal communities who depend on fish for their way of life.

      Not only harmful to non-human organisms.

    5. Overfishing occurs when more fish are caught than the population can replace through natural reproduction

      A quick definition.

    1. Despite having funds to spare, Musk isn’t a fan of lavish vacations – or any vacations for that matter. In 2015, he said he’d only taken two weeks off since founding SpaceX about 12 years earlier. He reportedly works 80 to 90 hours a week.

      This is a good source for space research because of how dedicated he is towards the cause. He is not in it for the money.

    2. As a child growing up in South Africa, Musk taught himself to code. By the time he was 12, he sold the source code for his first video game for US$500.

      This shows his humble beginning and shows the kids that anyone can do it.

    3. Elon Musk may be the world’s richest rocket scientist. With a fortune hovering around US$20 billion, the 46-year-old CEO of Tesla and SpaceX and co-founder of OpenAI has said he won’t be happy until we’ve escaped Earth and colonised Mars. Luckily, he has the mind and the money to make it happen.

      This shows how passionate he is about space exploration and is a good role model for the younger generations.

    1. He often casts heavily black American cities as dystopian war zones. In a 2016 debate with Hillary Clinton, Trump said, “Our inner cities, African Americans, Hispanics are living in hell because it’s so dangerous. You walk down the street, you get shot.” Trump also said to black voters: “You’re living in poverty; your schools are no good; you have no jobs.”

      terrible claim made by the potus

    1. Jim Crow sent a message that whites were superior to other races, particularly the black race, in all ways, including behavior, intelligence, morality, and social status.

      Good line

    1. According to Conor Friedersdorf in The Atlantic, Baltimore has paid out “almost $6 million in police brutality settlements in the course of a few years.” And it’s not only in Baltimore. Other cases are now familiar: Michael Brown, Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, Walter Scott, Eric Harris. Too many African Americans, especially boys and men, are shot by police: in the back, unarmed, after stops for minor violations. Until the justice system can demonstrate that it holds all people, black and white, police and civilian, equally accountable for their actions, we won’t be able to get beyond the reality that racism—systemic racism—is involved.


    2. Unfair racial stereotypes have taken root in the hearts of people. They cause us to react to people differently—in stores, on the streets, in encounters between police and citizens.

      true statement

    3. Racism is more than what is in the heart of an individual person at the moment of a particular act. Racism is the cumulative history of all those thoughts and acts. They add up to a pattern in which people of color are routinely and systematically treated differently than white people.

      it is a deeper definition of racism

    1. Congress lost interest in planetary exploration. NASA's planetary exploration budget sank dramatically starting in 1977, and the Reagan administration threatened to terminate planetary exploration entirely. Th

      Bad news considering previous research that every dollar invested to NASA contributes $10 back to the economy #aplang18

    2. air pollution, and changes in sea ice and land ice.

      their observations allow humans to adapt to the changing climate because we are aware of our carbon footprints #aplang18

    3. breakthrough research on climate science

      none of this is possible without funding #aplang18

    1. the right of self-determination, the right of privacy, the right of physical integrity, and the right to live

      rights of the mother

    2. The fetus may be a human life form but it hardly seems to be a person

      brings back argument of personhood of a fetus

    3. The killing of human life forms is prohibited. A fetus is a human life form. The killing of fetuses is prohibited

      changes when you change the wording

    1. Sadly, this happens all too often. As National Geographic points out, 42 animals have died during escapes or attacks in US zoos since 1990. During that time, 15 humans have been killed at zoos, and 100 have been injured. Of these injuries, only 15 incidents involved primates. The last time a gorilla was fatally shot in a US zoo was in 2004, when 13-year-old Jabari was killed after escaping from the Dallas Zoo.

      There have been far too many incidents where people have been killed or animals have been killed because of their unnatural confrontations with humans.

    2. There’s a strong case to be made that zoo officials made the right decision by killing the ape. After all, it wasn’t clear whether or not the gorilla would continue to harm the boy, and tranquilizers would’ve taken too long to sedate the animal.

      In order to save the boys life, it does make sense that the zoo keepers killed the gorilla. But if zoos weren't a thing in the first place, then there wouldn't have been a situation like this.

    3. The public is upset that the zoo shot a beloved 17-year-old Western lowland gorilla (a threatened species of which fewer than 175,000 still remain in the wild); the police are worried that the parents dared to take their eyes off a three-year-old for a split second; and activists are concerned that the zoo isn’t safe for animals or humans. In other words, people are pointing fingers in every direction.

      Zoos put animals and humans into situations that are unsafe for both parties and if zoos didn't exist then a lot of these lethal encounters wouldn't have happened

    1. Because a gorilla was shot and killed after escaping from an “award-winning” exhibit at the Dallas Zoo.

      This gorilla was doing nothing wrong, and since he escaped his tiny enclosure that doesn't allow him to live as if he would in the wild, he gets killed

    2. Because this giraffe was killed and fed to lions when he had outlived his “usefulness.” (NSFW)

      While all zoos don't throw their animals to lions once they are done being useful, it is horrible that any animal can be put in a situation where this is even in the realm of possibility

    3. penguins are on anti-depressants.

      It is horrible that the quality of life of zoo animals is so low that in order to preserve their state of mind they have to be given medication. It also does say that zoos do care about their animals mental health so they are medicating them to help them out

    1. “Framing the conversation about gun violence in the context of mental illness does a disservice both to the victims of violence and unfairly stigmatizes the many others with mental illness,”

      Blaming gun violence on mental health does negative effects for victims and suffers of mental health.

    1. But as Republican support has decreased since 2004, the gap between the two groups has widened to 38 percentage points. 

      I wonder why. Weather issues? Success in conservation? A population lost their ability to manage themselves?

    1. students are combining technology with inspiration, to create a wealth of resources and information available globally.

      Social media allows people to connect their ideas and creativity from around the world

    2. Technology is also advancing growth in the gaming industry, as technology related to game design and program development is developing at a rapid pace

      Technology allows gaming industry to grow

    3. In STEM subjects, the use of technology and the need for creativity go hand-in-hand. Technology provides the opportunities for learners of STEM students to be more creative than ever before.

      Technology benefits STEM subjects

    4. By asking students to step outside their comfort zone and produce their own piece of media, we are asking students to be creative, to think in a variety of ways, and to apply their learning through the use of technology

      Allow students to brain-storm and think outside the box allowing creativity

    5. Creativity has always been a part of a successful classroom, however recent advances in technology are making it possible to increase the ability for students to use their creativity in academia

      Technology use to help creativity

    1. 38 companies that have directly funded Planned Parenthood.

      important that they give miney to planned parenthood but their money is not enough to sustain it in the long run

    1. A more detailed NIDA-funded analysis showed that legally protected medical marijuana dispensaries, not just medical marijuana laws, were also associated with a decrease in the following:4 opioid prescribing self-reports of opioid misuse treatment admissions for opioid addiction

      Early studies have shown that where legal medical marijuana dispensaries are present, there is a decrease in opioid prescribing, self-reports of opioid misuse and the treatment admissions for opioid addiction.

    2. So far, researchers haven't conducted enough large-scale clinical trials that show that the benefits of the marijuana plant (as opposed to its cannabinoid ingredients) outweigh its risks in patients it's meant to treat.

      This is dumb. Basically the FDA will continue to criminalize marijuana until enough large scale research has been conducted. Which limits the research done on marijuana because it is illegal.

    1. false stories that appear to be news, spread on the internet or using other media, usually created to influence political views or as a joke:


    1. quickly morphed into a full-fledged conspiracy:

      consider looking into how the media makes conspiracies- furthers fear

    1. It is important to note at the outset a common misconception--countries with universal health care are not restricted to having government-funded health care; rather, it is possible to have both public and private medical insurance systems


    2. For example, a family of four, making up to $88,000 in income annually would be eligible for subsidized insurance.
    3. despite a decades-long effort to reform the nation's health care system.
    4. The industrialized nation historically absent from this list has always been the US
    5. hese countries generally also have a tradition of respecting human rights.
    6. Outside of the US, the vast majority of industrialized nations--defined, generally, as developed countries that rely on industry and produce substantial gross domestic product--offer some form of universal health care.
    7. To the contrary, millions of Americans work for employers that do not offer any health coverage, and many cannot afford an often-costly private health care plan.
    8. unable to afford basics such as prescription medications and annual physical exams, and almost certainly would be unable to pay for any sort of complex medical procedure or surgery.
    9. As of 2010, approximately 15 percent of Americans lack health insurance
    10. the health care reform bill actually will reduce the national deficit.
    11. where approximately 15 percent of its citizens lacked health insurance.
    12. it is provided by governments in nearly all industrialized nations
    13. as of early 2010, the United States was the only such nation without some version of a universal health care plan
    14. without adversely affecting the national deficit or requiring a governmental takeover of health care.
    15. 32 million American citizens lacking medical insurance
    16. affordable and necessary health insurance
    1. Thousands shared the picture claiming the woman, as a Muslim, was indifferent to the suffering of victims around her. #BanIslam was one hashtag circulating with the image.

      Personal biases

    1. 1.5 million people each year for drug law violations

      this is absurd

    2. Criminalizing drug use hurts families and communities, compounds social and economic inequalities, and unfairly denies millions of people the opportunity to support themselves and their families.
    1. It is important to note that most of the people interviewed were not from villages, but urban Indian cities such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore and Hyderabad.

      this is important to mention that the superstitions aren't even just in rural villages but in big cities

    1. Other teachers said technology was as much a solution as a problem. Dave Mendell, 44, a fourth-grade teacher in Wallingford, Pa., said that educational video games and digital presentations were excellent ways to engage students on their terms. Teachers also said they were using more dynamic and flexible teaching styles.

      On the other hand, some teachers are saying that it is a solution as well as a part of the problem. Technology presents dynamic and flexible teaching styles, but it also is an outlet to trouble for the youth.

    2. “What we’re labeling as ‘distraction,’ some see as a failure of adults to see how these kids process information,” Ms. Purcell said. “They’re not saying distraction is good but that the label of ‘distraction’ is a judgment of this generation.”ADVERTISEMENT Continue reading the main story The surveys also found that many teachers said technology could be a useful educational tool. In the Pew survey, which was done in conjunction with the College Board and the National Writing Project, roughly 75 percent of 2,462 teachers surveyed said that the Internet and search engines had a “mostly positive” impact on student research skills. And they said such tools had made students more self-sufficient researchers.

      Society, in general, often labels the upcoming generation as filled with distractions. In a survey, most teachers ahve said that there are mostly positive effects on their students research skills and are making them more self-sufficient.

    3. Scholars who study the role of media in society say no long-term studies have been done that adequately show how and if student attention span has changed because of the use of digital technology. But there is mounting indirect evidence that constant use of technology can affect behavior, particularly in developing brains, because of heavy stimulation and rapid shifts in attention.

      The constant/rapid use of technology indirectly affects one's ones behavioral tendencies as well as the development of people's brains. The heavy stimulations and rapid shifts in attention works the brain to a point that can either cause harm, or bring enhancements to the development of the mind.

    1. politicians, who must put politics aside as they tackle addiction and mental illness as a health issue, not a criminal one.

      Politicans are making a difference and looking to help the people in trouble not prevent the people they are around to end up like them

    1. decriminalize illicit drugs and save lives in the midst of an unprecedented overdose crisis, a leading drug-policy expert says.
    1. We understand this country faces a budget crisis and that all Federal programs, including conservation initiatives, should share a fair proportion of the spending reductions. We understand, as well, that the leadership of the Interior Appropriations Subcommittee faces daunting challenges in constructing a bill with very limited resources. And we recognize some positive elements of the bill such as support for fire restoration.

      They understand what is being asked of them and admit that they understand and even support some items on the suggested bill.

    1. While the word ‘authentic’ is perhaps the most popular and overused marketing term at the moment, in the eyes of the millennial, authenticity equates to edgy and upcoming cultural hubs

      Does authenticity equate quality? What makes some brands authentic and others not?

    2. millennials constitute the majority of the voting age population and the workforce, and so are clearly an important demographic for streetwear labels to address.

      What about the next generation (generation z)?

    1. how much of the total variation among them in a trait, suchas scores on cognitive skills tests, can be attributed to (1) vari-ations in genes (this estimate is called “heritability”); (2) thefamily environments they share; and (3) everything else(including measurement errors), categorized as unshared envi-ronments.

      It is difficult to find the perfect genetics test as there are many variants in most cases

    2. dentical twins separated at birth andbrought up in separate environments provide the ideal testcases, but such cases are exceedingly difficult to find

      I also question how ethical a study of this design would be and how it would impact the twins later in life

    3. Career similarity between twins could be a resultof coincidence, genetic likeness, similar family influences, or acombination of any of these factors. A scholarly study may notbe as sensational,

      There is much that can be learned from twin studies, but a lot can also be a coincidence

    1. However, with increasing research and public interest in genetics more attention has been paid to biological aspects of crime and to genetic variations within the normal range. Research has focussed on violent and antisocial behaviours which are criminal or may be seen as a precursor to criminal behaviour, for example, antisocial behaviour in young people.

      There is more to be said about behavior based on nurture than that of genetic disorders and mental illness

    2. Bearman considers the reasons why sociologists are concerned about genetic effects on behaviour; first they see it as legitimating existing societal arrangements, which assumes that ‘genetic’ is unchangeable. Second, if sociologists draw on genetic research it contaminates the sociological enterprise and, third, whatever claims are made to the contrary, it is a eugenicist project

      There is reason for explaining nurture and nature as both learned and innate. This is because people fear that if they say everything is nature, then people will fail to take responsibility for their actions while if it is nurture then people will forget that a lot also depends on their genetic makeup.

    3. hile researchers are aware of the complexity of gene-environment interaction, the ‘nature and nurture’ model persists as a simple way of framing discussion on the causes of behaviours.

      It still remains a very complicated issue in the world of genealogy today

  2. Feb 2018
    1. Children in grades 3 to 5 who own cell phones are particularly vulnerable to cyberbullying, a new study shows.

      maybe there should be an age limit on cell phones, or at least on social media.

    1. In August, a judge warned the nation would have "blood on its hands" if the NHS continued to delay finding an inpatient bed for a 17-year-old girl who had tried to kill herself several times. After his intervention, a bed was found.Just last week, the NHS watchdog released a report warning that children with mental health problems are waiting up to 18 months for treatment. "We should put our efforts into getting more resources, because if we put them into increasing awareness we just increase wait times and burn out our staff," says Wessely.

      this shows that it is possible that social media is being blamed more than it should be for mental health issues, when society should be working on helping people with mental health issues and talking about it more.

    2. Further, even a rise in self-harming may not indicate a rise in distress. "There seems to be more self-harm happening, but it's not completely clear this is due to a greater level of underlying distress," says Max Davie, a paediatrician in London who treats children with this behaviour. "It may be becoming a more culturally acceptable way to show your distress."

      I think this is very true, but I want to understand why?

    1. Instead, we have cannabinoid receptors because the human body creates its own version of cannabis compounds called endocannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are like the body’s own tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the primary psychoactive in the cannabis plant.

      I find it interesting that we know about the cannabinoid receptors, but not the endocannabinoids

    1. Myth #5: Taxpayer dollars are going towards PP abortions

      none of the money from tax payers may be used on abortions . only in the case of rape, incest, or to save the mothers life

      it just simply is Not true

    2. Myth #4: Their government-funded, extensive education programs aren't doing anything

      leader of the conversation about sexual education.

    3. Myth #1: Planned Parenthood is all about ab

      only 3% about abortions

    1. So are these new skills a good or a bad thing? Neither, she says. "It's just a way we have of adapting to our environment."

      this is an interesting way to look at it.

    1. Our interaction with people is what shapes the life of a human being.

      The most important part of our lives is how we effect others. We need a purpose to be happy, so we need others.

    1. But frustratingly, most schools then somehow manage to untrain that confidence.”

      This is the key to the whole argument. The door is unlocked. Kids get "unmotivated" in "sit still and listen" environments despite the natural human motivation to learn. Let's flip this. Here's the one-liner that supports the thesis of the paper.

    2. For challenge, students aged 12 to 14 are given €150 (£115) and sent on an adventure that they have to plan entirely by themselves. Some go kayaking; others work on a farm. Anton went trekking along England’s south coast.

      Given a limited amount of funds, part of these student's curriculum is to literally go on an adventure. This is an extreme contrast to the encouragement of "sit still and listen" we see in the traditional classroom. And yet, these kids seem to be more motivated to do work. Go figure.

    3. Without grades, it seems students are still extremely motivated and intelligent, and the points system as well as the timetable system seem to do nothing for intelligence or motivation, at least in this specific case.

    1. It’s both. It’s complicated. And naturally, it depends a lot on what form of creativity you’re talking about. Here’s how one reader sums it up:

      Technology could help and hurt, depends on the definition of creativity.

    1. killing in self-defense is not prohibited

      use this in cases of rape

    2. advantage of the extreme liberal view

      more understandable to those using the word "personhood" because offspring is far from developed at the stage of a zygote

    3. advantage of the extreme conservative view

      definite start and finish to human life

    4. Is abortion morally justifiable? Does the fetus (embryo, conceptus, and zygote) have any moral and/or legal rights? Is the fetus a human person and, thus, should be protected? What are the criteria for being a person?

      exactly my argument against Adams

    1. Its presence affects concentrations of other greenhouse gases including methane, tropospheric ozone and carbon dioxide

      CO effect other greenhouse

    2. persist in the atmosphere for about a month and can be transported long distances.

      CO last long distances

    3. carbon monoxide is not known as a direct contributor to climate change. It does, however, play a role in this area

      CO also plays a role

    1. The number of Portuguese dying from overdoses plunged more than 85 percent before rising a bit in the aftermath of the European economic crisis of recent years. Even so, Portugal’s drug mortality rate is the lowest in Western Europe — one-tenth the rate of Britain or Denmark — and about one-fiftieth the latest number for the U.S.
    2. 25,000 Portuguese use heroin, down from 100,000 when the policy began.

      Since it was decriminalized the number of users dropped drastically

    3. After more than 15 years, it’s clear which approach worked better. The United States drug policy failed spectacularly, with about as many Americans dying last year of overdoses — around 64,000 — as were killed in the Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq Wars combined. Photo

      Why wont we make a change towards portugals way of tackling drugs. We had more people die from drugs then from any person in the vietnam, afghanistan, abd iraq wars COMBINED!!!!!

    4. drug addiction has been treated more as a medical challenge than as a criminal justice issue.

      it is a much better approach to tackle the problem then to incarcerate people in prison for these petty drug crimes.

    5. gently encourages them to try to quit and gives them clean hypodermics to prevent the spread of AIDS.

      it is a change to try and get them to stop without really pushing it on them

    1. Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) Ozone (O3) Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) Carbon monoxide (CO) Sulphur dioxide (SO2)

      Common pollutants

    1. Next year's NASA budget is poised to force premature cancellation of either Curiosity or Cassini -- the agency's flagship missions. Funding decisions get made behind closed doors, but projected figures reduce Cassini's budget in 2014 by almost half, and half again in 2015, making it impossible to fly. Even funding for analyzing data will be "restructured," according to NASA. These cuts are not only devastating for scientists; they are also potentially harmful for our economy, and our leadership in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math).

      This shows that funding space exploration helps with STEM which helps the youth get into science early. STEM is a very big contributor to the science department.

    1. important political implication

      Important political implication of exploring life beyond earth is that us humans are intelligent technological species that dominate the only know inhabited plant in the universe. We then have the responsibility to develop and manage the world we find ourselves.

    2. “the most dangerous worldview is the worldview of those who have not viewed the world”.

      Prussian naturalist, Alexander von Humboldt said, "the most dangerous worldview is the worldview of those who have not viewed the world”. By broadening the mind with cosmic and evolutionary perspectives with astrobiology it may make the world less fragmented and dangerous.

    3. astrobiology provides an important evolutionary perspective on human affairs.

      Important to understanding the timeline of life in the vastness in time where space exploration complements the cosmic perspective.

    4. It is simply not possible to consider searching for life on Mars, or on a planet orbiting a distant star, without moving away from the narrow Earth-centric perspectives that dominate the social and political lives of most people most of the time

      Societal benefits

    5. First, astrobiology is inherently multidisciplinary. To search for aliens requires a grasp of, at least, astronomy, biology, geology, and planetary science.

      Intellectual benefit of searching for life beyond Earth.

    1. The third line of research focuses on selective migration, or the hypothesis that people migrate to places that satisfy and reinforce their psychological needs. Recent research indicates that people who are creative and sociable are more likely to migrate than are people low on those traits [9,10], and that people who are agreeable are less inclined to move from their hometowns than people who are less friendly [23]. This work suggests that geographical differences in personality could emerge as a result of genetic drift.

      The third way that geography can have lasting affects on personality. People can move to localities where their personality traits better align.

    2. The first focuses on social influence. The basic idea is that the traditions, customs, lifestyles, and daily practices common to an area affect social norms, which in turn affect people’s attitudes and behaviors.

      This is a main point in how geography affects personality.

    3. Systematic comparisons of nation-level mean personality scores reveal considerable variability in each of the Big Five personality domains

      This shows that geography affects personality.

    1. Lab and field studies are showing that the more carbon dioxide pollen-producing plants—especially ragweed—are grown in, the bigger they grow and the more pollen they produce,”

      Plants producing more pollen

    2. Knowlton says. “Mold exposure can precipitate asthma attacks or an allergic response, and some molds can even produce toxins that would be dangerous for anyone to inhale.”

      Dangers of mold

    3. Climate change also increases the production of allergenic air pollutants including mold (thanks to damp conditions caused by extreme weather and increased flooding) and pollen (due to a longer pollen season and more pollen production).

      Increase in allergic molecules

    4. air pollution not only contributes to climate change but is also exacerbated by it

      Air pollution contributes and speeds it up

    1. Twin researchers assume that people are as likely to choose partners who are different from themselves as they are to choose partners who are similar for a particular trait. If, instead, people tend to choose mates like themselves, then fraternal twins could share more than 50 percent of their genes

      This is interesting as I have always thought that saying "opposites attract" does not actually make a lot of sense.

    2. disentangle the environmental and genetic backgrounds of a cornucopia of traits, from aggression to intelligence to schizophrenia to alcohol dependence.

      Even identical twins can be very different beings from the time they are born

    3. Twin studies estimate the heritability of a trait, but molecular genetics attempts to pinpoint the effects of a particular gene.The future of twin research will involve combining traditional twin studies with molecular genetics research, according to Hewitt, who believes that day is already here.

      This is essential to the debate between whether to continue the twin research or end it

    1. Species become endangered for two main reasons: loss of habitat and loss of genetic variation.

      The two main causes of endangerment- bith of which are often caused by humans.

    2. An endangered species is a type of organism that is threatened by extinction. Species become endangered for two main reasons: loss of habitat and loss of genetic variation.

      The leading reasons for endangerment both are caused primarily by humans.

    1. Leading medical, public health, and human rights groups have endorsed drug decriminalization, including: United Nations World Health Organization International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies American Public Health Association Human Rights Watch American Civil Liberties Union Movement for Black Lives NAACP Latino Justice National Latino Congreso Organization of American States

      If all these well known health organizations are taking a stand on this then why aren't we?

    2. A policy of drug decriminalization: Drastically reduces the number of people arrested, incarcerated, or otherwise swept into the justice system, thereby allowing people, their families and communities to avoid the many harms that flow from drug arrests, incarceration, and the lifelong burden of a criminal record; Alleviates racial, ethnic and income-based disparities in the criminal justice system; Improves the cost-effectiveness of limited public health resources; Revises the current law enforcement incentive structure and redirects resources to prevent serious and violent crime; Creates a climate in which people who are using drugs problematically have an incentive to seek treatment; Improves treatment outcomes (when treatment is called for); Removes barriers to the implementation of practices that reduce the potential harms of drug use, such as drug checking (adulterant screening); and Improves relationships between law enforcement agencies and the communities they have sworn to protect and serve.


    3. And though many people believe that so-called “hard drugs” like cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine are more addictive than other substances, the data suggests that most people who use these drugs never become addicted.

      is true but we can finally help these addicts

    4. can trigger automatic detention and deportation, often without the possibility of return.

      why are immigrants treated any different then a US citizen, everyone should be treated the same.

    5. Drug criminalization also fuels mass detentions and deportations

      the laws and controlling on drugs is making our racial gap larger and we are having much more racial profiling.

    6. Black people comprise just 13 percent of the U.S. population and use drugs at a similar rate as other racial and ethnic groups – but they comprise 29 percent of those arrested for drug law violations and roughly 35 percent of those incarcerated in state prison for drug possession onl

      so much racial discrimination is happening in our court system due to the strict laws on drug controls.

    7. the loss of federal financial aid, eviction from public housing, disqualification from a wide range of occupational licenses, loss of the right to vote, and denial of public assistance.

      So our country punishes people harshly for drug crimes but not for other crimes like theft. It is absurd.

    8. Hundreds of thousands of people also remain under some form of correctional supervision (probation, parole, or other post-prison supervision) for drug possession.
    9. On any given night, there are at least 133,000 people behind bars in U.S. prisons and jails for drug possession — and 63,000 of them are held pre-trial

      this is absurd to see

    10. more than 80 percent — are for possession only and involve no violent offense.

      we need to put more harmful people in jail and take these harmless people

    11. Each year, U.S. law enforcement makes more than 1.5 million drug arrests

      this is ridiculous, people are being incarcerated for petty crimes

    12. limination of all punitive, abstinence-based, coercive approaches to drug use
    13. Drug decriminalization also ideally entails the removal of criminal penalties for low-level sales, given that the line between seller and user is often blurred
    14. Drug decriminalization is the elimination of criminal penalties for drug use and possession, as well as the elimination of criminal penalties for the possession of equipment used for the purpose of introducing drugs into the human body, such as syringes.

      not legalizing but it wont be a criminal offense if you are caught doing it like it is today.l

    15. Drug decriminalization is a critical next step toward achieving a rational drug policy that puts science and public health before punishment and incarceration
    16. effective health-based interventions.

      Rehabilitation instead of locking someone in a cell to make them think about what they did.

    17. criminals

      a criminal is considered a villian and immature and not trustworthy. It is the worst name to be tagged by

    18. has been a catastrophic failur

      We need to rehabilitate people instead of locking them up

    1. The Sixth Event

      They even have a laymen's name for our extinction.

    2. The World Conservation Union has estimated that as many as 40 percent of all organisms are under some degree of threat due to habitat destruction, disease, pollution, overhunting and overfishing, or other reasons

      Boom. That's massive.

    1. It is difficult to be precise because most of the endangered species which are becoming disappearing species have never been identified by scientists.

      It's an approximation.

    1. On whom does the duty to provide health care to all the world’s citizens fall

      Government. The founders of the American government called "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness" "unalienable rights" in the declaration of independence. When one doesn't have the ability to see a healthcare provider, the "unalienable rights" of life ad the pursuit of happiness are infringed upon.

    2. Is the so called human right to health care a right to basic provision of clean water and adequate food, or does everyone in the world have a right to organ transplantation, cosmetic surgery, infertility treatment, and the most expensive medicine

      so the validity of the claim that health care is a human right hinges on the definition of healthcare. I thiink that healthcare is a human right because health=life, and every person on this earth has the right to life.

    1. IUCN relies on valuable research from around the world to provide new and better information for species

      Reliable sources.

    2. Species assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), or Vulnerable (VU) are referred to as "threatened" species

      A good definition for understanding this info.

    1. Future research is needed to better understand the scale and impact of person-environment associations over time.

      What is the best way to conduct this research over time?

    2. Furthermore, results from large multilevel studies have shown that the psychological characteristics of individuals interact with features of the local environment to impact psychological development and well-being.

      Where people grow up is a huge indicator of the person they will become.

    3. Studies at multiple levels of analysis have indicated that social influence, ecological influence, and selective migration are key mechanisms that contribute to the spatial clustering of psychological characteristics.

      These key mechanisms are centered around the geography a person lives in.

    1. The committee did not discuss HCR1, a similar resolution that prompted debate during a hearing on Tuesday. That resolution, sponsored by Rep. Ray Ward, R-Bountiful,

      HCR1, Rep. Ray Ward, R-Bountiful

    2. The House Natural Resources, Agriculture and Environment Committee voted 8-3 to favorably recommend HCR7 to the full House of Representatives,

      HCR7, Rep. Rebecca Edwards, R-North Salt Lake.

    1. Still, the number of distressed young people is on the rise, experts say, and they are trying to figure out how best to help. Teen minds have always craved stimulation, and their emotional reactions are by nature urgent and sometimes debilitating. The biggest variable, then, is the climate in which teens navigate this stage of development. They are the post-9/11 generation, raised in an era of economic and national insecurity. They’ve never known a time when terrorism and school shootings weren’t the norm. They grew up watching their parents weather a severe recession, and, perhaps most important, they hit puberty at a time when technology and social media were transforming society.

      Because of national insecurity since 9/11, adolescents have been used to terrorism and school shootings. Watching their parents deal with the recession must have taught them several things that led them to have more emotional reactions. Media plays a big role.

    2. In 2015, about 3 million teens ages 12 to 17 had had at least one major depressive episode in the past year, according to the Department of Health and Human Services. More than 2 million report experiencing depression that impairs their daily function. About 30% of girls and 20% of boys–totaling 6.3 million teens–have had an anxiety disorder, according to data from the National Institute of Mental Health.

      It seems like I have heard so many of my classmates telling me about their time, long, short, or periodic, of being in a depressive state. A great question to ask on my survey would be: have you ever felt depressed at some point in time, past the feeling of just deep sadness? I wonder if more teens have greater anxiety going to public or private school? It seems unnatural to have 3 million teens dealing with some sort of depressive episode(s).

    3. Adolescents today have a reputation for being more fragile, less resilient and more overwhelmed than their parents were when they were growing up. Sometimes they’re called spoiled or coddled or helicoptered. But a closer look paints a far more heartbreaking portrait of why young people are suffering. Anxiety and depression in high school kids have been on the rise since 2012 after several years of stability. It’s a phenomenon that cuts across all demographics–suburban, urban and rural; those who are college bound and those who aren’t. Family financial stress can exacerbate these issues, and studies show that girls are more at risk than boys.

      It is important to state that females are more susceptible to stress and anxiety. Adolescents do not have anxiety because they have been treated so gently in today's society, but because of too many years of perfect societal stability. This means that depression has been on the rise since 2009, and it has been growing in all demographics.

    1. Changes To Teaching: Jobs such as factory workers, farm workers, bank tellers, telephone operators and cashiers have all been significantly reduced in number or completely eliminated by technology. Some wonder if teaching could be the next profession eliminated by technology. Many disagree, but there is little doubt that teaching with technology requires different skills than “traditional teaching”. Research shows that experienced teachers are better at teaching with technology than new teachers because they have better developed classroom management skills. Perhaps requiring all teachers, no matter their strengths, to use EdTech isn’t a path to success?

      This creates are learning curve for even the teachers to try to understand the changing times and find out how to shape their curriculum.

    2. Privacy and Security: We are on the brink of a serious crisis in student data and privacy. I’m certain the problems highlighted with common classrooms tools Class Dojo and Edmodo are just the tip of the iceberg. There are increasing examples of student data leaks and it’s just a matter of time before a major EdTech company loses student data, in spite of promises about security and privacy (Snapchat anyone?). Author Viktor Mayer-Schoenberger says “Everything in a student’s past will be captured, collected, stored and therefore remembered”. We need to consider who is that data safe with and what will the impact of wide scale data collection be on learning, and more importantly, free speech.

      It is hard to keep track of security of the students when they are able to access virtually anything even if there is a school-wide block on specific websites, such as at Judge.

    1. 40% of the differences among individuals could be attributed to their distinct genetic makeup, while 60% to environmental factors.

      This is also what I have found in my research. it is both nurture and nature, but less so environmental factors when it comes to human behavior

    2. identical and fraternal twins

      I am intrigued that both identical and fraternal twins were used in this study

    3. environmental factors more likely determine how much money proactive employees earn, while genetics more likely determine job satisfaction

      It is interesting that people can differentiate the factors so distinctly between pay and job satisfaction

    4. It is the reciprocal relationship between people's dispositions and their work experiences that can make them more or less proactive

      It is interesting that the nature via nurture argument comes in to play again. In addition, it was found to be more of environment of where one works to help them be more productive instead of their genetic makeup

    5. the interaction between the genetic and environmental factors determines why some employees are more proactive than others.

      This is an interesting topic as I have often wondered what makes some people work more vigorously than others and how devotion to work is built up over time

    1. The most common use for medical marijuana in the United States is for pain control. While marijuana isn’t strong enough for severe pain (for example, post-surgical pain or a broken bone), it is quite effective for the chronic pain that plagues millions of Americans, especially as they age. Part of its allure is that it is clearly safer than opiates (it is impossible to overdose on and far less addictive) and it can take the place of NSAIDs such as Advil or Aleve, if people can’t take them due to problems with their kidneys or ulcers or GERD.

      Marijuana is particularly useful for chronic pain control. It is not strong enough for severe pain, but is effective for chronic pain that plagues millions of aging Americans. It is also a lot safer than opiates (impossible to overdose and far less addictive) and is useful for people who cannot take Advil of Aleve due to medical issues.

    2. Patients do, however, report many benefits of CBD, from relieving insomnia, anxiety, spasticity, and pain to treating potentially life-threatening conditions such as epilepsy. One particular form of childhood epilepsy called Dravet syndrome is almost impossible to control, but responds dramatically to a CBD-dominant strain of marijuana called Charlotte’s Web.

      CBD extract for the marijuana plant contains little to no THC, meaning that users will receive no "high" but still benefit from its medical affects. 29 states in the US have at least legalized the use of medical CBD, which can help treat insomnia, anxiety, spasticity and pain.

    3. About 85% of Americans support legalizing medical marijuana, and it is estimated that at least several million Americans currently use it.

      The popular opinion is that 85% of Americans want to legalized medical marijuana, making it extremely popular among the American people. And yet, Donald Trump and his administration is currently "threatening to reverse this policy".

    1. high rates of screening for these conditions or their associated risk factors

      Maybe if the US focused more on preventative treatment all across the board, it could perform better than most high income countries. The problem becomes that many Americans have poor access to physicians, and the high cost that medications and care have.

    1. Consider the fact that lots of people claim to have seen ghosts, and will be pleased to tell you what they saw. But the case for the existence of these shrouded spirits isnt what you would call convincing. You dont read a lot about the parameters of ghosts in scholarly journals.

      Good for argument.

    2. Yet another resolution for the so-called Fermi Paradox is that weve been singled out for special treatment:

      A resolution to the Fermi Paradox is and idea that we are an exhibit to alien tourists where they observe us. Yet, there is no evidence to this "zoo hypothesis," some people argue that aliens are closer than you think.