12 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2022
  2. Jul 2022
  3. bafybeibbaxootewsjtggkv7vpuu5yluatzsk6l7x5yzmko6rivxzh6qna4.ipfs.dweb.link bafybeibbaxootewsjtggkv7vpuu5yluatzsk6l7x5yzmko6rivxzh6qna4.ipfs.dweb.link
    1. hereexist a range of behavioral methods to effectively combat distraction, procrastination and lack ofcommitment, while increasing focus, motivation and coordination (e.g. C. Heath & Heath, 2010;Thaler & Sunstein, 2008). When these techniques are implemented in ICT, the result may be calleda mobilization system. According to the Oxford dictionary, to mobilize means to “organize andencourage (people) to act in a concerted way in order to bring about a particular political objective”.Given that any valuable objective deserves concerted action, the only generalization we need tomake is to leave out the adjective “political”. A mobilization system can then be defined as: asocio-technological system that motivates and coordinates people to work towards a givenobjective—thus efficiently rallying their efforts.

      Alternative definitions of mobilization system:

      1. Within an ICT environment, behavioral methods to effectively combat distraction, procrastination and lack of commitment, while increasing focus, motivation and coordination.
      2. A socio-technological system that motivates and coordinates people to work towards a given objective
    2. Recently a number of techniques have been developed that stimulate people to act towards specificobjectives. These include persuasive technologies, gamification, user experiences, and various methods andtools used in open-source and other communities to encourage and organize participation. After surveyingvarious examples of such applications, we generalize these approaches by proposing a new theoreticalframework. The basic concept is a mobilization system, defined as an ICT environment that motivates andcoordinates the actions of people, so as to increase their focus and commitment, while minimizing distraction,hesitation and procrastination. We then analyze the fundamental mechanisms of (individual) motivation and(collective) coordination, starting from Csikszentmihalyi’s concept of flow and the mechanism of stigmergy.The basic requirements are clear goals in line with real needs, immediate and rich feedback, challenges inbalance with the user’s skill levels, and a shared workspace in which all tasks and results are registered forevery contributor to see. We conclude our review of mobilization systems by pointing out their potentialdangers, such as addiction and political or commercial exploitation, as well as their potential benefits, indomains such as work, health, education and research

      Definition: An ICT environment that motivates and coordinates the actions of people, so as to increase their focus and commitment, while minimizing distraction, hesitation and procrastination

      Q1: How to motivate individuals? Q2: How to coordinate the collective?

      Analyzed using: 1. Csikszentmihalyi’s concept of flow <br /> 2. stigmergy

  4. Feb 2021
    1. This is euphemism

      The author tries to explain that what he is illustrating is euphemism or putting something harsh in a kinder manner. He is either trying to explain to the audience that these are simply understatements of what the Republic actually does or criticize the Republicans for ignoring the public and following the rules only when it was beneficial. The word "euphemism" tries to sum up the whole essay.

  5. Aug 2019
    1. Angiosperms

      flowering plants, constitute the majority of seed plants. They include broadleaved trees (such as maple, oak, and elm), vegetables (such as potatoes, lettuce, and carrots), grasses, and plants known for the beauty of their flowers

    2. vascular plants

      Plants that have tissues that conduct food and water and have seeds.

  6. Jan 2019
    1. Packages frequently have sponsors, interested in promoting their careers. Sponsorship is more than merely advocacy, in- volving such tangible activities as speech making, interviews with jour- nalists, advertising, article and pamphlet writing, and the filing of legal briefs to promote a preferred package

      Sponsor activities: speech making, interviews with journalists, article and pamphlet writing, etc to promote a specific package, usually based off of some collective agenda. Sponsors could be organizations, political parties, activists, companies, etc and often employ PR specialists.

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  7. Nov 2018
  8. Mar 2018
  9. May 2017
  10. annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net annotatingausten.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. annuity

      "A yearly payment of a certain sum of money granted to one for life, years, or in fee, chargeable upon the person of the grantor" (Edwin W. Koff, The Early History of the Annuity, pg. 226).

  11. Feb 2017
  12. Nov 2013
    1. Rhetoric should demonstrate the embellishment of speech first in tropes and figures, second in dignified delivery

      Divides it into separate categories, makes rhetoric very specific and almost trivial