64 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2021
    1. In other words, reducing waste offers real business opportunities. So, we need to put food waste on the boardroom agenda.

      So this is Lewis giving the business side of things and how this can make people money by getting involved in reducing food waste. Throughout the entire article he finds ways to shed different types of light almost like pros and cons of this topic.

    2. There are other reasons too why food waste needs to be addressed. Take climate change. Food waste today is responsible for around 8 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions

      Lewis also relates the issue he is speaking on to other big issues that are affecting the world and makes connections. This is because these two thing are hurting the world. He is trying to not only pull people in thats interested in food waste but also about climate change and how it is affecting us and our environment.

    3. very year a third of the world’s food is wasted. In terms of weight, it adds up to around 1.3bn tonnes. In the UK alone, we waste over 10m tonnes of food in a year.

      Throughout this article Lewis, he makes very valid points and he has been backing them up with evidence he is trying to inform us of how much food we waste In only one part of the world and there is so more places and we waste so much food just because which is terrible.

    4. Imagine a land mass greater than China. Now imagine that land is only used to produce food. Then suppose all the crops and produce from those 2.5 billion acres are not eaten. Imagine all of that – and you have grasped the amount of food the world wastes every year.

      Here, Dave Lewis hooks his audience by relating the issue he wants to discuss to a well-known subject. Based on the article commentary above, I can assume that Lewis is aware that his argument comes with a lot of counterarguments. Therefore, using this hook to exaggerate the issue head on is very persuasive.

    5. The case for action becomes even stronger when we consider that 1 in 9 people are malnourished worldwide.

      This is very persuasive as it shows that there is no excuse as to why there is so much food going to waste when there are plenty of mouths that need to be fed. In addition, Lewis is very clear in his argument. Specifically, he states "The case for action becomes even stronger". This makes it clear that he wants his audience to take action.

    6. Food waste today is responsible for around 8 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions

      Lewis includes statistics which are very important when you are looking to persuade an audience. Data makes it clear to the reader/ listener that you aren't just voicing your opinion or sharing your ideas. In fact, it makes the claim more concrete as a whole.

    7. But with this imperative is also an opportunity.

      Again, Lewis is trying to find loopholes to grab his audience's attention. He uses the word "opportunity" which usually carries a positive connotation. When talking about food waste, a lot of people ignore the issue because they believe that they'll always be more. Therefore, Lewis is kind of throwing an incentive in there to even out the negatives.

    8. the report shows that almost every time a business made an investment in curbing food waste, there was a positive return on that investment. For every £1 invested in reducing food waste, half the business sites had at least a £14 return.

      Lewis is using primary sources (report) to prove that his incentive is beneficial. He also uses statistics and data to present the profit that has been made by businesses that have already invested in food waste issues. This is like a "why not get these same benefits?"

    9. So, we need to put food waste on the boardroom agenda. CEOs rely on hard numbers.

      Lewis' audience is the CEOs. I can infer that he is targeting CEOs because they have the most power over the businesses that he wants to get involved.

    10. Our ambition with this report is to change that and make sure food waste gets the focus from business that it deserves.

      Yet again Lewis is clearly stating his intentions with this report. This shows a sense of honesty.

    11. In 2013, Tesco took the step of publishing its UK food waste data. The numbers reveal that less than 1 per cent of our food is wasted. This probably makes us one of the most efficient retailers in the world.

      By mentioning his past successes, Lewis creates more credibility for himself. In other words, he is making it clear that his proposal is effective.

    12. But in a business that serves around 50m customers a week, that still adds up to around 60,000 tonnes every year – around 30,000 of which are safe to eat.

      There is a big but here. To me, this sentence can be taken one of two ways: 1. there really hasn't been much progress made with all of this food still going to waste or 2. that leaves more room for more businesses to get involved and make the efforts more effective. Lewis could've added a sentence that called his audience to action.

    13. The third step is innovation. There’s no one-size-fits-all approach, so what needs to be done will vary.

      Lewis shows that he is open to flexibility when it comes to his plan. This can be both good and bad as some may see this as a weakness and try to take advantage.

    14. Even if the moral imperative doesn’t move us, the clear business case for reducing food waste should persuade every CEO.

      This is the use of demonstration of irrelevance. Lewis showcases that the lack of morality doesn't meet the criteria of relevance that defines the issue. In other words, he is saying that even if we don't feel the need to take action based on our morals, there are plenty other calls for action.

    15. No matter what business we work in, the key thing is to see the scale of the challenge and take action.

      All throughout the article, I noticed that Lewis constantly uses the word "we". This is important because Lewis is making his audience feel included.

    16. We’ve already rolled the partnership out to over 1,100 stores and it will be in all stores by the end of the year. This last year we have estimated we have donated over 5,000 tonnes of edible food.

      Although Lewis is still making his argument, he maintains an ambitious attitude to make sure that his audience stays attentive.

    1. Plastic packaging is used in the food supply chain because it supports the safe distribution of food over long distances and minimises food waste by keeping food fresh for longer.

      This is how we are able to keep food frozen and it not go bad but after a while it does become freer burnt. Its proven fact that fresh food in plastic packaging makes food last longer and stay fresh which also would help prevent the wasting of food.

    2. Many people bemoan the large amount of packaging that supermarkets use, particularly for fruit and vegetables, most of which have their own natural protection. Nonetheless, a major reason that supermarkets use so much packaging is to protect food and prevent waste—particularly with fresh food. Removing plastic entirely from our food supply may not be the best solution when it comes to protecting the environment and conserving valuable resources.

      This was exactly what I was saying in one of my comments. Manoj is giving us facts on this situations and trying to sheds light on the fact that all plastic in the food industry is bad because it is more needed for things like fresh food. I like How she gives different views and not just in one certain place or state but globally

    3. There has been a surge in awareness of the damage that plastic pollution does to our planet in recent years. It has spurred a number of campaigns to remove single-use plastics from our daily lives. This extends to food packaging, with a Waitrose supermarket in the city of Oxford recently launching a package-free trial.

      Looking from how this very first paragraph starts off the Manoj was trying to inform us of how bad plastic has been infecting our world and trying to get us to understand the that not all plastic is bad we need to learn how to properly dispose of our plastic waste and she is speaking to everyone that uses plastic that is her audience.

    4. For example, the use of just 1.5g of plastic film for wrapping a cucumber can extend its shelf life from three days to 14 days and selling grapes in plastic bags or trays has reduced in-store wastage of grapes by 20%.

      The authors use an example in order to showcase the effectiveness of plastic film when it comes to shelf life. In addition, data is used to show direct results. 3 days-14 days is a huge shift especially when it comes to fresh foods. This gives people more time to consume instead of the food going bad and going to waste.

    5. A 2016 review of studies on food waste found that 88m tonnes of food is wasted every year in the EU—that's 173kg per person and equals about 20% of food produced. Minimising this wastage is crucial for environmental protection, as well as food security.

      The authors use data to present the huge size of the issue. This puts emphasis on the effort that will be needed to resolve the issue. In other words, this is a call for action.

    6. Many people bemoan the large amount of packaging that supermarkets use, particularly for fruit and vegetables, most of which have their own natural protection. Nonetheless, a major reason that supermarkets use so much packaging is to protect food and prevent waste—particularly with fresh food. Removing plastic entirely from our food supply may not be the best solution when it comes to protecting the environment and conserving valuable resources.

      Here the authors use strategic concession as a way to weaken the opposing arguments. In other words, the authors acknowledged some of the merits of a different view while rejecting other parts of it. In addition, the authors introduce background of their argument. Specifically, they mention how some plastic is used to protect the valuable resources we consume.

    7. There has been a surge in awareness of the damage that plastic pollution does to our planet in recent years. It has spurred a number of campaigns to remove single-use plastics from our daily lives. This extends to food packaging, with a Waitrose supermarket in the city of Oxford recently launching a package-free trial.

      From the jump, Manoj Dora and Eleni Iacovidou mention the counterargument to the claim they plan to pursue. This is a good strategy as they are tackling their "competition" head on. This will leave more room to persuade the audience into taking efforts in their favor. In addition, starting off in this manner is an effective way to hook their intended audience.

  2. Aug 2021
    1. Even if we want to be a bit cynical and argue that postsecondary education has become nothing more than a necessary, but burden-some, step to gaining employment, both reading and writing are still just as important.

      Not only is reading and writing required for jobs, but I also think it's a skill that should be accessible to everyone simply because you use reading and writing every day. I think it's a skill as important as knowing how to cook for yourself.

    2. When one reads, the same thing is happening. Although someone else has already put the words and ideas together, the reader interacts with those and creates meaning by bringing her perspective, personal experi-ences, and background to what literary scholar Louise Rosenblatt has called the transaction between the text and reader.

      Yes, reading is just as creative, because even though we're reading the same words, we readers can be imagine different worlds based on the same words in our head.

    3. It is a bad idea to continue priv-ileging writing at the expense of reading.

      I can agree with this because when I was homeschooled, we never learned anything about annotations. All we did in English was learn about grammar and write papers. I think there should be a balance between both writing and reading in classes.

  3. Mar 2021
    1. St. Francis

      He is a Monk. Monk: Within the Christian Church: such a person typically living a celibate life according to the rule of a particular order (order n. 5) and adhering to vows, esp. of poverty, chastity, and obedience. (OED, na)

    2. punishment of that was enough to the disappointed without the addition of unkind lan|guage—I consider'd his grey hairs—his courteous figure seem'd to re|enter and gently ask me what injury he had done me?—and why I could

      Here, we can see that he regrets about what he said to the Monk earlier. By him realizing what he said earlier to monk demonstrate why he is a sentimental traveler. He is trying to pursue knowledge and improvement in the course of his journeys.

    3. pont neuf

      Pont neuf is a Oldest standing extension bridge which is located in Paris, France. Location: https://www.google.com/maps/place/Pont+Neuf/@48.85705,2.3413252,15z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x0:0xd469600dcb63f51b!8m2!3d48.85705!4d2.3413252

    4. "I had had an affair with the moon, in which there was neither sin nor shame,"

      This demonstrates the powerful relationship between Yorick and Nature. He also talks about how human natures are different from each other throughout his nobel

    5. NAMPONT.
    6. A well-a-way! said I. I have but eight sous in the world, shewing them in my hand, and there are eight poor men and eight poor women for 'em.

      Here he sees the beggar in the street and offers them to give eight sous. At the beginning of the novel, Yorick refused to give Monk any money, and ignored him. Sentimental journey is all about perusing knowledge and getting better as a human everyday. This particular sentence is another demonstration of how Yorick has changed from the time he started to travel, therefore he calls himself a sentimental traveler.

    7. Vis a Vis.

      An vis-à-vis is a carriage in which the travelers sit directly with the front travelers facing backward and the back travelers looking ahead. Vis-a-Vis is a french word which means “face to face” “Source: (One or other of two persons or things facing, or situated opposite to, each other. (oed,na) )

    8. Guido

      GUIDO:Guido Reni was an Italian painter. He is mainly known for his religious work. Source: early Italian Baroque painter noted for the classical idealism of his renderings of mythological and religious subjects.(Britannica, na)

    9. but it would have suited a Bramin, and had I met it upon the plains of Indostan, I had reverenced it.

      Bramin: A member of the highest or priestly caste among the Hindus. (OED, na). When he says Indostan, he is referring to Hindustan which is also called "India" where there are more Bramins than any other part of world. Indostan (Hindustan): https://www.google.com/maps/place/Hindustan/@19.9854843,77.9404317,12.75z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x3bd3d416f13e0aff:0x35090aba1a86dcd0!8m2!3d20!4d78

    10. I was predetermined not to give him a single sous; and accordingly I put my purse into my pocket—button'd it up—set myself a little more upon my centre, and advanced up gravely to him: there was something, I fear, forbidding in my look: I have his

      This text is very important to understand the character of Yorick before he started the journey. it also gives us the indication that he was not sentimental prior to starting his journey.

    1. trellis,

      A structure of light bars of wood or metal crossing each other at intervals and fastened where they cross, with open square spaces between; used as a screen in window openings or the like; a window, gate, screen, etc. so constructed; a lattice; a grating. Now rare. (OED,na) https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O34942/trellis-furnishing-fabric-heals/

    2. drab-colour'd coat

      drab colored coat: It is typically an unattractive kind of Coat.The color of these kinds of coats are Light yellow and brown.. Source: “ Of a dull light-brown or yellowish-brown ( OED,NA) “ https://www-oed-com.proxymu.wrlc.org/view/Entry/57357?rskey=CAfyjT&result=2&isAdvanced=false#eid

    3. VERSAILLES.

      The Paris Peace Conference, held at the conclusion of the First World War (1914–18), mainly in the Palace of Versailles, or the Treaty of Versailles, the peace treaty which formally ended that war and was signed in the Palace at the culmination of the conference on 28th June, 1919. OED (n,a). https://www.google.com/maps/uv?pb=!1s0x47e67d94d7b14c75%3A0x538fcc15f59ce8f!3m1!7e115!4shttps%3A%2F%2Flh5.googleusercontent.com%2Fp%2FAF1QipOGyYnQtAiEf9VOgmios2V0AvSpk6tnVHawUAUy%3Dw420-h240-k-no!5sVERSAILLES.%20-%20Google%20Search!15sCgIgAQ&imagekey=!1e10!2sAF1QipOGyYnQtAiEf9VOgmios2V0AvSpk6tnVHawUAUy&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjIs6DF2JXvAhVrS98KHS4ODzcQoiowJnoECGsQAw

    4. poor Le Fleur advanced three ſteps towards me, and with that ſort of movement which a good ſoul makes to ſuccour a diſtreſs'd one—the fellow won my heart by it; and from that ſingle trait, I knew his character as perfectly, and could rely upon it as firmly, as if he had ſerved me with fidelity for ſeven years.

      The fact that Le Fleur was by his side, even when he was in big trouble, won the heart of Yorick and he sees Le Fleur as someone who he can trust with his eyes closed.

    5. Gothic letter

      gothic letter: A letter written using Gothic Alphabet or language is known as gothic letter. Source: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Gothic-alphabet Image: http://www.newdesignfile.com/post_skyclad-gothic-font-calligraphy_220542/

    6. band-box

      A band-box is a light box which is typically used to hold hats, collar etc. Source: (band-box is a “slight box of card-board or very thin chip covered with paper, for collars, caps, hats, and millinery; originally made for the ‘bands’ or ruffs” from the seventeenth century (OED,na)) https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O503521/broad-band-on-each-side-design-sykes-godfrey/

    7. damaſk

      A damask napkin: Demaask is a fabric which typically used for decorative purposes like Napkins, tablesets etc. Source: A rich silk fabric woven with elaborate designs and figures, often of a variety of colours.. (OED, na) Source: https://www.masterclass.com/articles/everything-to-know-about-damask-fabric-history-characteristics-uses-and-care-for-damask#quiz-0 https://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O354087/silk-damask/

    8. I had been enquired after by the Lieutenant de Police

      Yorick travelled to Paris just before the "Seven Years' War" ended. This demonstrates the political tensions between France and England at that time.

      "The main issues of the war were the struggle between Britain and France for supremacy overseas, and that between Prussia and Austria for the domination of Germany. The British made substantial gains over France abroad, capturing French Canada and undermining French influence in India. The war was ended by the Treaties of Paris and Hubertusburg in 1763, leaving Britain the supreme European naval and colonial power and Prussia in an appreciably stronger position than before in central Europe." (OED,na)

  4. Oct 2020
    1. GIF

      lacks actual evidence. Only relies on shock value to appeal to ethos. Opinion based, no facts.

  5. Jul 2020
    1. A moderator provides motivation and inertia to an asynchronous computerconference, encouraging interaction between participants while creating asupportive and comfortable environment for discussion.

      So re-starting the conversation where it might have stalled. This might require asking questions or possibly adding on to the topic. In other places, the same process of questioning something might cause people to slow down. You can say, let's reflect on the statement, or can we have a source and maybe interpret this in another manner?

    1. Writing Process

      Useful strategies on what makes for a better writer.

      For me:

      • Emails
      • Bug reports, tickets.
      • Research
      • Journals

      Get comfortable and minimize distractions.


      Planning

      1. Make a timeline
      2. Select a topic
      3. Create an outline

      Video Example:


      Timeline

      Note: Write down your goals and your progress as you go so you can make revisions for the next time you write.


      Research

      • 5 high quality sources => Take notes and outline your writing.

      Writing

      Good outlines make for good quality writing. Maybe show the outline?!

      Topic sentences... which would be the questions you had and how they are answered by your research.

      Research Pointers Head to the source

      Does the content of this site pass by an editor before I saw it? Is the person that wrote this credible?

      Take good notes and add to the outline. You might update your outline as well.

      Write the bulk of your post for the rough draft.

      Start setting goals for each sections. Look at the notes and re-arrange sentences. Write something down, no matter how bad the effort.

      Talk yourself out-loud, give yourself encouragement, and while writing constantly monitor your progress.

      After finishing your draft, you are way too attached to it, so sleep on it.


      Revision

      Does the order make sense?

      T.opic<br> R.easons<br> E.xamine<br> E.nding

      D.evelop a topic sentence<br> A.dd supporting ideas.<br> R.eject opposing arguments.<br> E.nd with a conclusion.

      Drill down into the paragraphs and sentences and look at them closely.

      MY biggest problem is "how do I diagnose the problem in the first place?"

      Add images, figures, and formatting at the end.

      Finally, proofread the post to make sure everything is done. After you read it, have a friend read it.

  6. May 2018
    1. War in the east, War in the west, War up north, War down south – War – war –

      This quote, want you pay attention to how there is war going on and focus basic on only war.

    2. Will remain in but a fleeting illusion to be pursued, But never attained –

      I feel as you can imagine go back in time feel every emotion as you read this quote.

    1. You stand at the blackboard, daddy, In the picture I have of you,

      In this quote I can picture her dad in the background as she take a picture of her daddy.

  7. Mar 2018
    1. Each glowworm winks her spark, Let us get home before the night grows dark:

      In this specific line, I see simile such as "spark" and "dark" as way of compare something glimmer and something gloomy.

    2. With clasping arms and cautioning lips, With tingling cheeks and finger tips.

      In this one Rossetti chose simile like "lips" and "tips".

    3. “Nay, hush,” said Laura: “Nay, hush, my sister:

      Rossetti use rhythm. For example, Nay, hush and she repeat it twice in this line and other as way for the reader to pay attention to the way Christina Rossetti play with words to create rhythm through her poem.

    4. Yet my mouth waters still; To-morrow night I will Buy more;” and kiss’d her:

      This show similes for example, Rossetti used still and will as a way to show she was still thirsty and want more as a sign of glad or happy which lead a surprise wait for her tomorrow.

  8. docs.google.com docs.google.com
    1. Thank you for this class Emily, it's nice to meet a professor who understands that people are just people. I hope getting your doctorate is everything you hope it will be!

  9. Oct 2016
    1. In Wall-E and the Toy Storytrilogy, the pleasure is of the suspen-sion of knowledge—the pleasure of notknowing.
    2. One of the distinct pleasures in Pixar’s films is the pleasure of seeing the deepest of human struggles, timeless philosophical questions projected in and through remote forms of representation.
    3. n Toy Story, Buzz hits his low point with an ominous limpness (and even more conspicuously having lost his arm), when he is forced to wear a ladies hat and become “Ms. Nesbit,” a participant in Sid’s sister’s tea-party. And in Toy Story 2, Stinky Pete, the evil prospector doll who has tried to force Woody to join him in completing the set of collectible Woody’s Roundup toys to be sent to the Konishi Toy Museum in Japan, meets his deservedly terrible fate when Andy’s toys shove him into a pink bag on an airport conveyor belt bearing the “Barbie” logo.
    4. As Ju-dith Halberstam has noted, Pixar films are also doing curious cultural work, in their “preoccupation with revolt, change, cooperation, and transforma-tion” (Halberstam 79).
    5. WALL-E not only anthropomorphizes but Westernizes our robot hero and the loving sequences between WALL-E and the two loves of his life, EVE and his pet cockroach, are loaded with Disney’s signal sentimen-tality.
    6. Though Pixar films don’t attempt to show sex or violence, the cultural work they have done rede-fining family film fare is an important by-product of contemporary regimes of film industry self-regulation. With the fourteen feature films Pixar has made over the twenty-seven years since its inception, it has garnered not only ex-tremely high box office figures but also (at least until 2011 with Cars 2) aston-ishingly uniform critical praise.
  10. Mar 2016
    1. Some countries execute people who were under 18 years old when the crime was committed, others use the death penalty against people who suffer mental problems. Before people die they are often imprisoned for years on “death row”. Not knowing when their time is up, or whether they will see their families one last time.

      To me this is just wrong. Someone is under 18 or with a disability they shouldn't just be killed and taken away from their families.

  11. Sep 2015
    1. “I’m leaving and I’m never coming back,”

      intensifies the mood of her leaving

    2. Wake up and smell zee bacons

      I'm glad to see that she adds her own humor. Who doesn't talk to their dogs that way?