3,714 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2015
    1. collaboration and peer engagement
    2. The iterative, multi - step, and reflective practice of writing is well suited to digital supports and tools, which generate digital artifacts that can be exchanged and also analyzed to reveal a student’s thinking and skil l development (National Research Council , 2001)

      See this study.

    3. Writing helps students at all grade levels (a) better express thoughts, arguments, and ideas, (b) deepen content knowledge, and (c) demonstrate proficiency (Graham & Perrin, 2007) .

      Annotation=writing as comprehension/analysis

    4. However, tools to support students in developing reading and writing skills are lagging far behind,

      ELA tech tools as "what's missing"

    5. help teachers , parents and learners diagnose gaps in students’ knowledge and skill and adapt th e learning experienced based on their progress.

      importance of capturing some kind of data

    6. deep, one - on - one engagement with their teacher and other students tha t is often missing from today’s classrooms.

      SOCIAL annotation

    7. Have low technical requirements – i.e. use standard classroom hardware and are interopera ble with other software solutions

      Does this mean LTI?

    8. 2. I nstructional content discoverability

      Note

    9. formative assessment data
    10. Reinforcement of practice

      Does this mean feedback?

    11. persuasive writing using textual evidence

      Writing from evidence is annotation!

    12. to use writing to support learning in all subjects , including science and social studies ;

      Annotation as writing: key not only to ELA, but sciences as well.

    13. through 8 th - grade

      Why stop here? Can we expect a similar CFP for grades 9-12?

    14. As a baseline, applicants are encouraged to use content formats that have been adopted by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

      Way to go, Gates!

    15. web - based

      Huh. Cool parameter!

    1. Integrate traditional schooling with after-school, out-of-school, and anytime/anywhere learning opportunities

      Apply Common Core skills like close reading to other content: mainstream media, politics/legislation, etc.

      This is kind of obvious with Rap Genius: students were using traditional humanities skills to analyze lyrics.

    2. expanded learning schedules

      Another common theme across foundations. Wallace is interested in this too.

    1. “the process through which a person becomes capable of taking what was learned in one situation and applying it to new situations; in other words, learning for ‘transfer . ’”

      What better way to do this than taking a skill- or content-based lesson and applying it to the web as a practice through annotation.

    2. effective democratic participation

      Emphasize annotation as key to civic literary and participation.

    3. collaboration

      Collabora-tive annotation?

    4. the Common Core standards are strongly aligned with deeper learning—and represent an especially promising leverage point for the Program to help advance its goals . 9

      "Deeper learning"=Common Core

    1. Red Smith

      The one name here I hadn't heard of before: a Pulitzer-prize winning sportswriter.

    1. Illustration by Paul Sahre

      Really love the illustrations for this article. But shouldn't the knife be in the bird's back?

    2. share their current locations with a note attached.

      share their current readings with a note attached; geo-location v location within an intellectual/textual world

    3. a steady stream of conversation percolating online.

      While Twitter has certainly become just this, it strikes me at how bad Twitter actually is at "conversation." It's actually quite difficult to sustain a focused back and forth on Twitter. IMO.

    4. vodka and Red Bull,

      Image Description

    5. often winning the company’s weekly “Getting [expletive] Done” award,

      Ah, #startuplife.

    6. In the Valley, these tales are called “the Creation Myth”

      Says something about our religious reverence for technology in America too.

    7. Usually it’s not simply because the ideas are bad (although some certainly are),
    1. North Carolina is one of thirty states that have permissive “open carry” laws, which means that you do not need a license to walk around with a gun in plain sight. The law makes an exception when firearms are displayed to terrorize people, but in Hicks’s case nobody tested that prohibition.

      Isn't the very meaning of a fun, terror?

    1. NESCO/COL a nd UNESCO Chairs in OE

      Whoa, these guys are involved!?

    2. equal access

      I'm thinking through what "equal engagement" might be. Access is s starting point. What about the tools to do something with the access granted?

    1. and experiencing the deep, one-on-one engagement with their teacher

      public and private feedback mechanisms--replies are public (teachers should be "featured") and we need private.

    2. accelerating beyond the fixed pace of today’s classroom.

      Or, extending the energy of face to face class time into the remote world of online exchange.

    1. Yet for those that still yearn for the safe tether of a synthetic text,

      Doesn't this project also radically depart from the traditional textbook format and industry in less than "safe," but equally exciting ways?

    2. But in the oft-cited lines of the American poet Walt Whitman we find as good an organizing principle as any other:

      I really love this idea as the "yawp" as an organizing principle for a collaborative, open textbook. Given his own obsessively iterative composition of Leaves of Grass Whitman really is a great analogy for this project.

    1. John Muir, a naturalist, writer, and founder of the Sierra Club, invoked the “God of the Mountains” in his defense of the valley in its supposedly pristine condition.

      The "Gods of the mountains" line was a piece of Muir's larger metaphor for the holiness of natural places that figured those who would develop them as "temple destroyers." Here's the full quote from Muir's defense of the Hetch Hetchy in his book The Yosemite.:

      These temple destroyers, devotees of ravaging commercialism, seem to have a perfect contempt for Nature, and, instead of lifting their eyes to the God of the mountains, lift them to the Almighty Dollar.

      Dam Hetch Hetchy! As well dam for water-tanks the people's cathedrals and churches, for no holier temple has ever been consecrated by the heart of man.

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    2. giving readers an unflinching view of urban poverty.

      Image Description

      Recent scholars have critiqued Riis's work despite its effective advocacy for tenement reform. His photography certainly exposed the problem of urban poverty, but also exposed the personal lives of the poor to a largely wealthy audience.

    1. Altamont revealed a darker side of American culture, one in which drugs and music were associated not with peace and love but with violence, anger, and death.

      How does this mess, though, relate directly to the "unraveling" of American promise signified by the late 60s. Was Hunter killed because he was black? Or because he was high? Or because the Angels were drunk?

    1. portfolios,

      Ding-ding-ding! hypothes.is needs to build out profile page as portfolio-like...

    2. The new Common Core State Standards are an enormous step forward toward the goal of preparing all students for the future: across forty-five states, schools are now required to teach skills like critical thinking and effective communication alongside core academic content.

      So Hewlett is also investing in CC...

    1. The tools are designed to be simple, flexible, and allow teachers to maintain creative license in how and what they teach.

      Web annotation technology is about as "flexible" as one can get with a tool. It can be used independently by students, by teachers and students, and integrated into LMS and CMS systems.

    2. helping teachers bring the Common Core to life.

      Two ways I see this happening with annotation:

      1) Making the text social. It's like Facebook!

      2) Making it multimedia. Allowing students to annotate with images and video add dimension to the text.

      3) Visualizing the annotation process through text selection and commentary really drives home the idea of close reading.

    3. Teachers who are using these tools

      Dead link?

    4. Consistent standards allow teachers to create a community where they can connect with each other, learn from each other, share with each other, and improve their practice with each other.

      Should there be a teacher layer to curriculum that allows teachers to collaborate with each other in designing curriculum?!

    5. college and career

      Need to address the "career" aspect of the Common Core at some point": digital literacy is about the web, the world, not just school...

    6. developed by teachers

      Said this before, but need to partner with actual teachers in alignment of standards/creation of curriculum.

    1. part of the fabric of schools around the country

      what about becoming part of the fabric of daily student life online, both in the classroom AND OUT!

    2. we’re working with teachers to design materials

      how can we do this? how do we partner with teachers to develop curriculum that uses hypothes.is for common core?

    3. customized pathways to achievement,

      Annotating the open web is a natural way to allow students to "customize" their learning. They choose the content they read and engage with, and directed by teacher guidelines, engage with that content to demonstrate learning.

    4. Blending

      Keyword

    5. Blending

      Keyword

    6. Ninety-five percent of 12- to 17-year-olds already go online on a regular basis. They use social networks, and create and contribute to websites. Our work is focused on taking full advantage of the kinds of tools and technologies that have transformed every other aspect of life to power up and accelerate students’ learning. We need to do things differently, not just better.

      hypothes.is/collaborative annotation meets students where they are: online, giving them a tool to interact more critically with the texts and ideas they encounter on the web

    7. to strengthen the connection between teacher and student.

      Social reading brings students and teachers, and students and students, together.

    8. new generation of courseware

      BOOM!

    9. in and out of school, in person and online, together and independently.

      Asynchronous learning...collaboration...

    10. individual needs,

      Self-directed/student-centered learning...

    11. a globally connected, information saturated world.

      I.e. the Internet!

    12. game-based learning that generates rich data about students’ progress

      need feedback system at the very least: likes/upvotes, email notifications...also possibly a dashboard, for students and teachers, that shows recent work, top annotator, etc. (by volume, by like)...DO WE NEED GAMIFICATION?

    1. When learning is personalized,

      How much more "personalized" could you get than annotating the open web?! Let students read and discuss what they want, but evaluate them according to the standards/expectations.

    2. In personalized learning, the student is the leader, and the teacher is the activator and the advisor.

      We this transformation of student from passive recipient of knowledge to active producer through annotation as well.

    1. increase low-income students’ college completion rates
    2. Nearly three out of four postsecondary students today are not enrolled in a full-time, four-year degree program. They are balancing jobs, family, and other priorities as they work to finish their studies.

      Importance of asynchronous learning opportunities.

      Providing platform for engagement with course content but also feedback to student work (whether peer or instructor).

    1. By calling attention to itself as a textual presence (rather than a vehicle of linguistic reference), the typography turns the lines back into themselves, leading one to identify the “black riders” with their immediate typographical unfolding.

      Just because they are bolded?

    1. and student engagement

      As far as that goes, using an open web annotation application like hypothes.is seems like a great match for OER textbooks.

    2. , an OpenStax College resource. This textbook has been created with several goals in mind: accessibility, customization,

      Of course, the concept of the "frontier" remained an important idea in American history, motivating other forms of expansion and empire.

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    1. semico m- mons — a resource that is owned and managed as private pro p- erty at one l evel but as a commons at a n other, and in which “both common and private uses are important and impact si g- nificantly on each other.” 42

      Yes, this acknowledgement of the largely private space of the online world is far too often overlooked in utopian views of the Internet as a "commons."

    2. shared infrastru c ture with limited capacity

      Does it?

    3. well - moderated community will have low costs

      If the moderators are unpaid community members?

    4. moderation can increase access to online commun i- ties.

      But doesn't deleting someone's stuff make it less open (at least to them)?

    5. participation in moderation and in setting moderation

      So transparency is critical.

    6. the unlucky YouTube employees who manual ly r e- view flagged videos. 24

      This isn't automated?

    7. r when a comm u- nity is tor n between participants with incompatible goals (e.g. , amateur and professional photogr a phers).

      Are expert and amateur always incompatible in this way? I'm thinking here of how to at once allow for anyone to have a conversation on a page using annotation, but also to surface for discovery expert voices...

    8. Similarly, partic i- pants on a discu s sion forum may shoulder some of the work of 24 See Brad Stone

      So this is obviously annoying in annotating PDFs: I want the target to continue on to next page and ignore the footnotes. Can't imagine a technical solution. Maybe just campaign for "Endnotes only!"

    9. moderation by flagg ing unwanted posts for deletion because they enjoy being part of a thriving communit

      Motivating users to take ownership seems key. A simple flag feature could make an active user all the more involved.

    10. Thus, even though it is not pa r- ticularly helpful to talk about Google as a c ommunity in its own rig ht, 21 it and other search engines play an important role in the overall mo d eration of the Web . 22

      Indeed, Google search organizes communities from their inception: which entry points are immediately discoverable and which are not.

    11. ex ante versus ex pos

      Before or after the event. In terms of online community moderation, this likely refers to systems that prevent or punish bad behavior.

    12. norms versus architectu

      From "pathetic dot" theory, popularized Larry Lessig's Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace.

      Image Description

      "Architecture" refers to the technical infrastructures that regulate individual behavior. In this case, I suppose that would be the design of online communities?

    13. http://www.wired.com/2014/10/content - moderation

      This is a fascinating read on the largely outsourced physical labor needed to police social media.

    14. d. When they do their job right, they cr e- ate the conditions under which cooperation is possib

      This is an obvious point, but one that I think is not necessarily emphasized in discussion of the problem of moderation: it's not just about deleting bad content, it's about enabling good content creation.

    15. t,” it r e mains almost entirely g oatse - free.

      Though, of course, you can learn lots about the history of the Internet meme there.

    16. Aaron Swartz

      Quoting Schwartz in epigraph really sets the tone of this article.

    17. : vandals overran it with crude pr o- fanity and graphic pornography

      I know this is not the point, but the topic itself has its own illicit history.

      Image Description

      I wonder if controversial topics are more prone to trolling than others.

    18. A BSTRACT TL;DR

      Never thought about it before, but "Abstract" really does translate to TL:DR in Internetspeak.

    Tags

    Annotators

    1. But the project ran into roadblocks in a number of districts and states over privacy and security issues.

      Note to self: take student privacy seriously.

    1. called on designers and social scientists to ethically embrace their role as the web's “civil servants,”

      Got to read this article itself, but civil servants are civil servants because they are employed by the government, not because they think of themselves that way. I love the idea, but I guess I'm worried that without something more official in place, this ethos cannot be institutionalized or even broadly applied.

    2. dependent on those who use them and on the subjective judgments of the people who provide mutual aid.

      Image Description

      As in "real-life," what do we do about the George Zimmermans of the world, rogue "moderators" claiming a kind of "mutual aid" in their neighborhood watch, but deeply problematic in their views and actions.

    3. This digital citizenship acknowledges that online experiences are as much a part of our common life as our schools, sidewalks, and rivers—requiring as much stewardship, vigilance, and improvement as anything else we share.

      I really like the argument of this article. But I have some issues with the analogy between the online world and what are mostly public physical spaces.

      Unlike, rives and sidewalks, online space has little to no regulation, whether from the government or NGOs.

      Also, most of our public interactions online take place in private spaces, that is, places owned and operated by private corporations.

    4. operation of online platforms?

      Or the Net itself...

    1. So companies like Facebook and Twitter rely on an army of workers employed to soak up the worst of humanity in order to protect the rest of us. And there are legions of them—a vast, invisible pool of human labor.

      Truly had assumed that this work was done automatically.

    2. They won’t continue to log on if they find their family photos sandwiched between a gruesome Russian highway accident and a hardcore porn video.

      Conjecture!

    1. "computer room"—yes, people really used to call it that—

      LOL, it's true. I remember those days chained to our wires.

    2. with the answers they wanted

      Well, answers anyway.

    3. You touch a button on your phone and something happens in the world.

      This is profound, but it's also obvious. Obvious as in it makes this basic aspect of technology readily apparent to the end user.

      Actually, when we press most buttons, lots of things happen in the world. One click on Amazon begins a complex process of labor and energy consumption, but this is conveniently hidden from the end user.

    1. happily pay more than 20 cents per month for a Facebook or a Google that did not track me,

      How much would it actually cost though to buy into Facebook if we take away its monetization power? My guess is that it would be a lot more then 20 cents, though I might still be willing to pay.

    2. He knows privacy is worth paying for. So he should let us pay a few dollars to protect ours.

      Zing!

      Yeah, Zuck is notoriously protective of his persona life. This irony has to be one of the greatest of the Internet Age.

    3. Yet ad-based financing means that the companies have an interest in manipulating our attention on behalf of advertisers, instead of letting us connect as we wish. Many users think their feed shows everything that their friends post.

      This is the crucial point for me: we are not really "connecting" through Facebook if the connection is not on our own terms, so the very concept that underlies the service is problematic.

      The same can be said of Google: our search for information is not authentic if the search results are taking into consideration ad-partners, etc.

      I'm personally much more concerned about this paradox in the latter case as it pertains to knowledge production.

    4. a proprietary, ever-changing algorithm that decides what we see.

      Are all algorithm's evil, though? Is there such a thing as a benevolent algorithm?

      Isn't the real problem that FB mixes in things it thinks I would like to buy alongside the things I "like"?

    5. FACEBOOK. Instagram. Google. Twitter.

      Don't want to take away from a VERY important opinion article here, but what exactly does the NYTimes style guide say here? Why are Facebook and Google--of all sites!--linked but not Twitter?

  2. May 2015
    1. we did not just laze in an armchair turning pages;

      Don't just sit there, HASTAC Scholars, annotate something!

    1. to interact and collaborate with others.

      This emphasis on collaboration is particularly important in social reading. Through replies, each annotation is actually the beginning of a potential conversation.

    2. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.

      Digital annotation is particularly suited to this type of everyday writing practice.

      In a sense, it's more like posting to Facebook or Twitter than writing an essay. But because it is grounded in text, it encourages more thoughtfulness.

      At the same time, if students are regularly annotating using an application like hypothes.is, then they will surely exceed the word count usually required in a five page essay. Annotation projects might be seen as pre-writing--a collaborative drafting space for ideas and language to be developed later in formal papers--or it might be seen as an end in itself.

    3. through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

      This is essential to the pedagogy of annotation as well. The first step must be to identify an appropriate selection of text from a document. The annotation itself is the space for analysis.

    4. Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources,

      Students using an annotation application like hypothes.is can literally map their research on a topic in tagged annotations on sources from across the Internet.

    1. The focus on "decoding" should send shivers down the spine of every English teacher who has ever had a student demand they just tell them what the poem means.

      I think Billy Collins captures this tortuous pedagogy well in "Intro to Poetry":

      But all they want to do is tie the poem to a chair with rope<br> and torture a confession out of it.

      They begin beating it with a hose<br> to find out what it really means.

    1. he greatest thing a human soul ever does in this world is to see something and tell what it saw in a plain way.

      Annotation would seem to have a role to play here.

    1. An underlined

      This style of highlighting requires a number 2 pencil to be whittled down at a slant to allow for a 2 mm thick line to be drawn under text. It needs to be straight. It needs to hug the lettering just so.

    2. Among other texts, my students and I added selections from The Great Gatsby to the platform and some of those excerpts are among the most highly trafficked pages on what has now become Lit Genius,

      And many of my students remain top scholars on the text:

      Image Description

    3. procrastinating on Rap Genius

      Mostly annotating Black Starr. I still love that Genius calls their users "scholars." Great branding! I'm also #2 scholar of F. Scott Fitzgerald and #3 scholar of St. Paul.

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    4. When Rap Genius received their Series A round of fundraising–$15 million from Andreessen Horowitz–

      Here's how Andreessen himself explained the investment, annotated on (Rap) Genius. After this investment, Genius pivoted slowly from annotating lyrics to, like hypothes.is, annotating the web.

    5. I first discovered the power of collaborative annotation

      Collins actually imagines a moment of shared marginalia in his poem. In a copy of A Catcher in the Rye that he borrows from a library as a boy, he finds the following: “Pardon the egg salad stains, but I’m in love.” The young Collins imagines the note to be written by a beautiful girl and feels himself in a sense falling in love with that other reader. Though we need not develop a dating service out of the modern technologies that allow for social reading, we can at least see the humanity that can be shared in the margin of a digital page: the teachable moments, the conversations that might occur. We have glimpsed such moments on other social media like Twitter and Facebook, but I argue they lack the depth of annotation, which brings together text, comment, and now, readers.

    6. it slows the reader down,

      It's interesting to think about this idea of "slow reading" in relation to collaborative online annotation. So many traditional humanists complain of the cursory of the digital--hashtags on Twitter replacing sentences, Wikipedia summaries are replacing "actual" research. But web annotation requires readers to pause and consider in the very ways we have always taught our students to do in English classes.

    7. like teaching composition using Second Life

      Very cool project, just beyond me. (Play it here!)

    1. undetermined momentousness

      Such an ambivalent phrase. The narrator seems to be claiming that this is a "moment" unparalleled in its significance. Yet this significance is "undetermined"; it remains unclear exactly how the moment is significant.

    1. di un dialogo impercettibile tra pergamena e pergamena, una cosa viva, un ricettacolo di potenze non dominabili da una mente umana, te

      HathiTest

    1. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

      Again, the hypothes.is application allows for this kind of intertextual analysis to be activated and visualized in powerful ways. Students can literally link between related themes or moments in various texts studied.

    2. words and phrases

      Digital annotation powerfully visualizes this process, as the application allows the user to isolate a particular word or phrase, and then create a comment specifically on that piece of textual evidence.

    3. PRINT THIS PAGE

      No, annotate this page!

    4. including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.

      Image Description

      The possibilities of digital writing, given the WYSIWYG interface above, allow for students to integrate a variety of media into their own annotation compositions. Moreover, this use of media is not simply illustrative but as an integral part of the overall argument.

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    5. Read closely

      Image Description

      Close reading is a major emphasis of the Common Core Standards, though most English teachers since New Critic I.A. Richards would probably agree that is it essential to any humanities curriculum. As the "Introduction" to the ELA section states:

      Students who meet the Standards readily undertake the close, attentive reading that is at the heart of understanding and enjoying great works of literature.

      Digital annotation, though, is close reading 2.0. The major activity of a service like hypothes.is is "annotation," the highlighting and noting of words, phrases, and sentences, which demands that students keep their thinking and writing "close" to the text and its evidence.

      Moreover, because digital annotation has the potential to be collaborative. It links this mandate for close reading with later calls in the Standards for collaboration. I like to think of hypothes.is as a "A Social Network for Close Reading." Could we make students obsess with annotations on the web like they obsess with Facebook and Twitter posts?...

    1. technology is the American theology

      nice phrase

    2. —both in the future as a better world and as one in which the United States bestrides the globe as a colossus. 2

      On the public version of this PDF at Project Muse (password protected), I've created an annotation at this point in the text. But it does not appear in this local version of the PDF.

    3. 3XEOLVKHGE\-RKQV+RSNLQV8QLYHUVLW\3UHVV

      This is my demo PDF for local annotation with hypothes.is. See my sample annotation on the first paragraph of the essay. Add your own test annotations and replies.

    1. Inline Assignment Grading is powered by Crocodoc (http://www.crocodoc.com). Crocodoc is a third-party, cloud-based conversion, display, and annotation service.

      Could hypothes.is be a better version of this?

  3. www.folgerdigitaltexts.org www.folgerdigitaltexts.org
    1. BOATSWAIN FTLN 0016When the sea is. Hence! What cares these 7 9The TempestACT 1. SC. 1 FTLN 0017 roarers for the name of king? To cabin! Silence! FTLN 0018 Trouble us not.

      The waves caused by the storm pay no attention to societal conventions--that is, the face that the boatwain is talking back to the King of Naples.

      So the play begins with subversion of hierarchies playing on the subversion of Prospero in the pre-history if the drama and the sub-plot of usurpation.

    2. Folger Shakespeare Library

      Hello, #moocspeare!

      This is an annotatable version of The Tempest using the hypothes.is app.

      If you sign up for an hypothes.is account, you can annotate the text at this special link.

    1. how to enable scholarship to travel more freely on the open web.

      word!

    2. He and his colleagues are keenly interested in the ability to annotate scholarship online, he says; Mellon has made serious investments in annotation tools and the development of open annotation standards by the university community and projects like Hypothes.is, which just received a two-year, $752,000 grant from the foundation to look into digital annotation in humanities and social-science scholarship.
    3. Rethinking how graduate students are trained—an issue also on the agendas of scholarly societies like the Modern Language Association and the American Historical Association, both Mellon grantees—could help. The rise of digital scholarship represents "a huge opportunity," Ms. Westermann says. "Not everyone’s going to love the digital humanities, nor probably does everyone have to, but it would be good to begin to build the opportunity to develop that competency right into doctoral education rather than waiting till 10 years out" from graduate school to do it.

      Love that the academic job market/grad student training is linked here to the opportunities afforded by the emergence of the digital humanities.

    4. Mellon backing of digitally minded scholars and tools has played a considerable role in the rise of the digital humanities, as has its support—quiet, like most Mellon activities, but substantial—for making those tools and their products openly available.

      Emphasis on openly.

    5. the creation of digital editions, including the papers of the Founding Fathers,

      What about bringing annotation to resources like these? Scholarly annotation? Private student annotation?

    1. The ugly little word hung in the air, exuding its aroma of illicit information.

      The man practiced what he preached. This is a great sentence. A powerful image and an extended metaphor, all to describe a single word.

    2. Writing is a powerful search mechanism,

      Takes on whole new meaning with the Googlization of Everything/Is Google Making Us Stupid? question.

    3. how to leave some kind of record of your life

      A simple and elegant description of why we write.

    1. with a cranium so large, bald, and oblong that you can’t help but think of words like “jumbo” and “Grade A.”

      It's truly remarkable:

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    2. “I look to see if someone has a marine strategy, for taking the beach; an army strategy, for taking the country; and a police strategy, for governing the country afterward.”

      What about diplomacy?

    3. movements

      I hate the way this political term has been co-opted by the tech sector.

    4. “co-opitition.”

      A portmanteau of cooperation and competition.

    5. A great V.C. keeps his ears pricked for a disturbing story with the elements of a fairy tale.

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      In that order.

    6. . The tale ends in heaping treasure chests for all,

      All mentioned above that is.

    7. monetizable dissatisfaction.

      Another great phrase.

    8. After the pitch, he told me that Mixpanel is “a picks-and-shovels business right in the middle of the gold rush.”

      A steady business no doubt, but not a unicorn.

    9. —a “unicorn,” in the local parlance.

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    10. a16z. (There are sixteen letters between the “a” in Andreessen and the “z” in Horowitz.)

      Wow! I've been to these offices and never got the reference 'till now.

    11. seethes with beliefs.

      Love this phrase. Sound like his imagination is angry!

    1. Folger Shakespeare Library

      Hello, #moocspeare!

      This is an annotatable version of A Midsummer Night's Dream using the hypothes.is app.

      If you sign up for an hypothes.is account, you can annotate the text at this special link.

    2. I do wander everywhere,

      Thanks, Puck! Could be a tagline for hypothes.is's (mouthful) ability to annotate the web!!

    3. Therefore the winds, piping to us in vain, FTLN 0456 As in revenge have sucked up from the sea

      All the following metaphors of natural disaster--storms, floods, etc.--are to say that Oberon's jealous rages are literally intemperate.

    4. The spring, the summer, FTLN 0479115 The childing autumn, angry winter, change FTLN 0480 Their wonted liveries, and the mazèd world 43A Midsummer Night’s DreamACT 2. SC. 1 FTLN 0481 By their increase now knows not which is which.

      The confusion of the seasons here is later mirrored in the confusion of the lovers.

    5. Why should not I then prosecute my right?

      Interesting legal language in the third line here, especially considering Lysander's claim on Hermia's love is clearly not sanctioned by the law. Perhaps he is purposefully using the legal language to suggest a new conception of law in this case, one based on true love rather than societal norms.

    6. the great collection put together by his colleagues in 1623, called the First Folio (F).

      First Folio

      About 800 copies were originally printed and over two hundred are known to remain.

      Here's a digitized edition you can explore.

      Image Description

    7. Come, my Hippolyta. What cheer, my love?

      This seems a hint of Hippolyta's response to Theseus's strict ruling in the case of the lovers. It's likely she is not pleased.

    8. examine well your blood,

      A play on "blood" as in family--listen to your father--and blood--as in sexual desire, passion. Theseus's hint here seems to be that Hermia should consider her choice between celibacy (no sex) and marriage to Demetrius (sex with a partner that is not her most desired).

    9. Thou, thou, Lysander, thou hast given her rhymes

      Given he himself is a poet, it seems likely that Shakespeare would sympathize with Lysander's wooing of Hermia with "rhymes" (poetry).

    10. Hippolyta, I wooed thee with my sword

      This seems a central line setting up the drama of the play: Hippolyta was forced to marry Lysander ("by sword") much like Hermia is being forced to marry Demetrius (by law: the "ancient privilege" that her father Egeus evokes in the speech that follows).

    1. a more recent tool,

      Both Annotation Studio and Lacuna Stories are based on the open-source JavaScript library, Annotater. Folks here might appreciate the fungible Annotater tagline:

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    2. First stop, for me,

      For a great overview on the history of web annotation, check out original ProfHacker Jason B. Jones in his recent article, "There Are No New Directions in Web Writing."

    3. building a web (haha)

      Image Description

      It's true, though! Annotation (as much as hyperlinking) is part of what shaped the metaphor of "the Web" for the Internet. As Vannevar Bush wrote in "As We May Think" in 1945:

      Wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear, ready made with a mesh of associative trails running through them, ready to be dropped into the memex and there amplified.

    4. One of my favorite activities is annotation, moving towards thinking about critical editions.

      So cool to empower the student as scholar editing a critical edition: make them responsible for the historical and cultural contextualization, and for leading the reader toward possible interpretations.

    1. . Like Don Quixote

      Wonderful evidence (even if ultimately excised from publication) of the influence of Cervantes!

    1. YOU will rejoice to hear that no disaster has accompanied the commencement of an enterprise which you have regarded with such evil forebodings.

      Maybe it's because I've read the book/know the story, but this assurance within the narrative world of the novel obviously has the opposite effect for the reader: we don't rejoice, but worry.

    1. I might be complicit in the death of the humanities.

      I think there are larger issues with the health of the humanities today: funding, for example, or the role of such curriculum at the secondary level.

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    2. 4) I will have a thesis,

      Isn't the very point of a conference paper that the work is in process? Theses are more mandatory for published work, in my opinion. And we might even resist that particular generic convention.

    3. 2) I will not read my paper line by line in a monotone without looking at the audience. I needn’t necessarily abide by some entertainment imperative, with jokes, anecdotes or flashy slides, but I will strive to maintain a certain compassion toward my captive audience.

      Add public speaking to grad training, then. Or to any pre-grad curriculum for that matter.

    4. We have sat patiently and politely through talks read line by line in a monotone voice by a speaker who doesn’t look up once, wondering why we couldn’t have read the paper ourselves in advance with a much greater level of absorption.

      This whole essay reads like an extensive Facebook rant complaining about traffic or some other aspect of daily life that other people besides the speaker are apparently inept at.

    5. Some scholars love conferences. They love the ritual as described above.

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    1. Hirschorn and the rest of the show’s staff are gathered in the artificial twilight of a VH1 editing room,

      Reminds me of the opening of William Gibson's Neuromancer:

      The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel.

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    2. “I knew we offered something YouTube couldn’t: television,” he says. “Everyone wants to be on TV.”

      I wonder if this distinction even still holds? (Article was written in 2003!) I think I'd rather be on YouTube these days--hard to post a link to a TV show on Facebook.

    1. Folger Shakespeare Library

      Hello, #moocspeare!

      This is an annotatable version of Much Ado About Nothing using the hypothes.is app.

      If you sign up for an hypothes.is account, you can annotate the text at this special link.

  4. Apr 2015
    1. with these simple words,

      emphasis on simplicity makes this speech (and American history, future, etc.) accessible to all

    1. wild-meat species.

      never heard this phrase.

    2. Maintain or restore ecosystem integ- rity.

      human-induced problem/human-induced solution?

    3. but we now face a massive human-induced extinction crisis,

      yikes! an this was written in 2002!!

    Tags

    Annotators

    1. teaching, studying, researching, and practicing the humanities.

      A lot of this is taking place not in colleges and universities (not even junior colleges, etc.). Does MLA have any interest in including secondary teachers/institutions?

    2. dispiriting professional climate

      only in how we imagine its scope!

    3. from developing MLA Commons into our town square

      hear ye, hear ye, from cathedral to bazaar!

    1. The exceptions do not apply to supplemental wages greater than $1,000,000.

      not a problem

    1. and that perhaps we could try to remind our elected officials that one never knows which languages might become strategic tomorrow.

      Not to make light, but this reminds me of how Max Fisher viciously destroys and then subsequently saves the Latin program at Rushmore:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtAHucR--s0

    2. “enemy languages.”

      Not a phrase coined by Scholes in fact, but by the US government who discouraged the speaking of so called enemy languages during World War II through this kind of propaganda:

      Image Description

      Of course, Berube is arguing that the US government has now changed their position: now they want people to learn so called "enemy languages" so as to better combat those cultures.

    3. The idea that Americans might also serve as “informal cultural ambassadors and engage in an exchange of knowledge and culture while overseas” is now unthinkable in official Washington even though it is part of the language of Fulbright-Hays.

      From "The World is Our Classroom" on the DOE website.

    4. Adjunct Project, a Web site that would allow contingent faculty members to upload the details of their working conditions.

      Now subsumed by The Chronicle.

    5. In fact, the year has been somewhat encouraging on that front. Upon returning from Washington in January, I reported on the New Faculty Majority summit for Inside Higher Ed

      Found here.

    1. Facebook’s terms of service are not international law.

      Nor even guidelines for daily etiquette.