3,703 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2015
    1. WHEN lilacs last in the dooryard bloom'd,

      not in boston in april, just showers there as per eliot

    2. In the swamp in secluded recesses, A shy and hidden bird is warbling a song. Solitary the thrush, The hermit withdrawn to himself, avoiding the settlements, Sings by himself a song.

      The bird described here is a hermit thrush and one of the three major symbols of the poem. This is its first of many appearances throughout.

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      The hermit thrush's song was one Whitman was familiar with as it inhabited his native Long Island, and his description here is naturalistic. Notes about the bird that relate to its use here can be found in Whitman's notebooks:

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      With its own solemn hymn, the hermit thrush is a parallel for the poet himself as he composes and sings his own elegy--below he calls the bird "dearest brother." Later the speaker of the poem asks:

      O how shall I warble myself for the dead one there I loved? And how shall I deck my song for the large sweet soul that has gone?

    1. Since Number Five is out of the bathroom now, We think of lukewarm water, hope to get in it.

      Such kitchenettes were single-room apartments, subdivided from a larger apartment, so they might all share a single bathroom.

      "Number Five" refers to a neighbor in one of the other kitchenette apartments. That they are not given a name only further emphasizes the dehumanization of these living conditions, in which they can't even expect hot water.

    1. Unreal City, Under the brown fog of a winter dawn,

      Why is the city, London in this case, "unreal"? The weather has given it a mystical quality no doubt. But more deeply, the city seems unreal in that it is not realizable, that is comprehensible, to Eliot in the modern sense. In short, he can't make sense of it.

    1. send to friends, colleagues, facebook friends, twitter followers, people on reddit, etc.

      They won't need h accounts!

    2. Once you’ve left an annotation on a page,

      You'll need an hypothes.is account to do this.

    1. it also gives you control over your own annotations so that you’re able to collect them elsewhere.

      it does?

    2. Indeed, it would be possible to have classes construct their own self-edited anthologies of source materials—

      Students as editors of literary anthologies, etc., empowered as knowledge producers.

    3. What Bush and Engelbart dramatize is a world in which that experience is made vivid and accessible.


    4. Lurking behind their imaginative essays is an ideal of full comprehension–that we might be able to truly understand one another if we could just track down all the relevant influences and contexts and motives. We can also see how such a vision becomes oddly depersonalizing.

      Isn't "full comprehension" the ideal of personalization?

    5. Vannevar Bush’s hypothetical “memex,”

      Love this term.

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    6. those who find delight in the task of establishing useful trails through the enormous mass of the common record. The inheritance from the master becomes, not only his additions to the world’s record, but for his disciples the entire scaffolding by which they were erected.

      The advantage of this type of learning/scholarly process seems to be in speed--your research trail makes my project progress more rapidly--but a speed that enables depth.

    7. Wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear, ready made with a mesh of associative trails running through them, ready to be dropped into the memex and there amplified.

      I like the idea of annotation as "associative trails." Makes me think of the convenience afforded the inquirer as they investigate a chosen topic.

      "Amplification"is a common term when discussing digital marginalia: an historically silent practice made audible, made into a conversation.

    8. as well the ability to see how others read.

      The social aspect of collaborative online annotation is indeed key. We need to be able to follow others and receive notification of their activity. @judell

    1. John Perry Barlow

      John Perry Barlow was a lyricist for the Grateful Dead and then became an early advocate of the free web.

      Here's him reading the declaration with musical accompaniment.

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    2. Governments of the Industrial World,

      In retrospective, despite the recent NSA revelations, seems like Barlow should have been worried about corporations not the government.

    1. American Online (AOL) recruits volunteers to be “guides”. Guides spend nine hours online a week policing the AOL service and an additional two hours reading email and filling out reports. Guides greet new members and make them feel welcome, answer user questions about AOL, promote online attractions and events, complete market research, and enforce the AOL’s terms of service. Guides monitor chat rooms, newsgroups, and email messages. AOL expects guides to report to AOL officials and to enforce the AOL’s rules by warning rule violators.

      AOL volunteers

    2. architectural algorithm

      great phrase

    1. So many stories

      I hate how the word "story" has become a fancy tech way of saying "data." Though I think Ceglowski and Zuckerman are probably playing on this slippage.

    1. the capacity to capture a moment and contribute to the ongoing constitution of a nonuni- fied collective intelligence outside and in between the blind alleys of the silicon age.

      me too!

    2. The pervasiveness of such production questions the legitimacy of a fixed distinction between production and consumption, labor and culture.

      compare carr on digital sharecropping

    3. It is fundamental to move beyond the notion that cyberspace is about escaping reality in order to understand how the reality of the Internet is deeply connected to the development of late postindustrial societies as a whole.

      escape reality v. grounded in economics

    4. connections between the “digital economy” and what the Italian autonomists have called the “social factory.” The “social factory” describes a process whereby “work processes have shifted from the factory to society, thereby setting in motion a truly complex machine.” 2 Simultaneously voluntarily given and unwaged, enjoyed and exploited, free labor on the Net

      social factory and digital economy

    5. “moronic management of new media companies.”


    1. By making the classic texts of the New Folger Editions available in electronic form as Folger Digital Texts, we place a trusted resource in the hands of anyone who wants them

      And now we can annotate these digital texts together, reading Shakespeare in community.

    1. normal spindle assembly

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    2. Temporal and spatial regulation

      Aren't we all hemmed in by time and space, though?

    3. transcriptionally quiescen

      beautiful phrase



      But what of centralization in the sense of universality, common language?...

    2. But the net itself was born of a fairly good regulatory framework that made sure de facto net neutrality existed for decades, paid for basic research into protocols and software, cleared the way for business use of the internet, and encouraged the growth of the commercial web.

      html etc.

    3. AdSense.

      Google's ad algorithm related to is search algorithm...

    4. paid ads that pretend to be related links.

      What is information?

    5. We're addicted to 'big data' not because it's effective now, but because we need it to tell better stories.


    6. What happens if Facebook goes out of business, like so many of the social networks that came before it? Or if Facebook gets acquired by a credit agency? How about if it gets acquired by Rupert Murdoch, or taken private by a hedge fund? What happens to all that data?

      “Sorry, that page doesn’t exist!”

    7. You could argue (and I do!) that this data is actually safer in government hands. In the US, at least, there's no restriction on what companies can do with our private information, while there are stringent limits (in theory) on our government. And the NSA's servers are certainly less likely to get hacked by some kid in Minsk.

      Amazon/Google/Facebook scarier than US gov

    8. The relationship between the intelligence agencies and Silicon Valley has historically been very cozy. The former head of Facebook security now works at NSA. Dropbox just added Condoleeza Rice, an architect of the Iraq war, to its board of directors. Obama has private fundraisers with the same people who are supposed to champion our privacy.

      intimacy govt and tech industry

    9. The degree of centralization is remarkable. Consider that Google now makes hardware, operating systems, and a browser. It's not just possible, but fairly common for someone to visit a Google website from a Google device, using Google DNS servers and a Google browser on the way.

      Googlization of evrything

    10. Over the past year, we've learned a lot about the extent to which the American government monitors the Internet.


    11. What the cloud is is a big collection of buildings and computers that we actually know very little about, run by a large American company notorious for being pretty terrible to its workers. Who knows what angry sysadmin lurks inside the cloud?


    12. One of them pretends to be more open than the other, but it's mostly a matter of marketing. In practice they both have complete control of their ecosystem.

      I.e. Google.

    13. There's another reason, besides fear, that's driving us to save everything. That reason is hubris. You've all seen those TV shows where the cops are viewing a scene from space, and someone keeps hitting "ENHANCE", until pretty soon you can count the bacteria on the criminal's license plate. We all dream of building that 'enhance' button. In the past, we were going to build it with artificial intelligence. Now we believe in "Big Data". Collect enough information, think of a clever enough algorithm, and you can find anything. This is the classic programmer's delusion, the belief that if you look deep enough, there's a hidden deterministic pattern. Tap the chisel on the right spot and the rock will crack open.

      "enhance" anecdote/analogy for big data

    14. I'd much rather look at this bird than at Scoble.
    15. Online, everything is recorded by default, and you may not know where or by whom. If you've ever wondered why Facebook is such a joyless place, even though we've theoretically surrounded ourselves with friends and loved ones, it's because of this need to constantly be wearing our public face. Facebook is about as much fun as a zoning board hearing.

      Isn't the scarier point that we don't exactly where a public face, at least not the one we'd show up to municipal government meeting with. Facebook is more like showing up for a zoning board meeting dressed for a club.

    16. And then when I grew up, I helped build it for real.

      The Internet IS the mythical "permanent record”!

    17. Look at this guy! Isn't he great?

      Of course, cute animal pics (and cute animals!) preceded the evolution of the Internet, but they also hold a special place in the history of the web:

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    1. When the view control is set to “All” users can create public and private annotations

      Can we know if the user is in a group and populate that as an option even if they are toggled to all/public?

      Maybe i'm checking out the public stuff and then want to add something privately to the group?

    2. All.”


    3. [User clicks on view control]

      this button/dropdown doesn't exist yet, right?

      i think "all" is confusing here. why not "public"?

    4. Joining a page group as simple as clicking the link. Anyone who visits the page group url is taken to the webpage the group was made on, with the page group set as view.

      so it's not truly private, just hard to discover? if i have the URL i can join, no matter who i am?

    5. Possible name: Margins

      i don't understand how this connotes "group." it's a spatial referent about the page, not the actors on the page.

    1. Here’s a browser with a local PDF in one tab

      Just to slow this down a bit, if you have a PDF on your computer, you can drag it directly into a tab in the Chrome browser (or open it through the File menu as pictured).

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    1. the potential to recover for readers some of the utopian potential of networked writing spaces

      Not to mention prove the theorization of literary scholars that texts are always already networked in this way, writ through with their own histories of production and reception.

    2. You can get a feel for the platform by seeing some of the commentary on this Atlantic piece about ad-driven media content.


    3. to .pdfs,

      More here from @judell.

    4. The next wave of networked annotation aims at enabling communities of users to scribble in the margins of web pages.

      This was actually one of the early dreams of the Internet. Marc Andreessen wanted there to be annotation functionality within Mosaic, the first web browser, but it didn't work out then.

      Here's an excerpt from an email from Marc at the time:

      How it works: every time you access a document in Mosaic, the group annotation server [if you’re using one] is queried with the URL of the document you’re viewing; if any group annotations exist for that document, the group annotation server returns to Mosaic corresponding hyperlinks which are inlined into the document just like personal annotations.

    5. Note: I used digress.it for these latter projects, a “fork” in the development of CommentPress that has floundered in recent years.


    6. and allows a comment to be pegged to a particular paragraph.

      But this only takes us part of the way there. It's line by line commentary that we really should be teaching our students, right?

    7. Unlike traditional, print-based annotating, these newer practices emerging in networked digital platforms are intensely social.

      Making reading quite literally the intensely social process that scholars have always theorized it to be.

    8. One of the most striking aspects of the Web-saturated lives we lead is that we constantly write on things: comments on blog posts (like this one: you know you want to!), captions or reflections on Instagram images or Facebook updates, and even product reviews on Amazon constitute a major form of public sphere participation for us and especially our students.

      YES! For me, Twitter is the ultimate non-annotation annotation tool, constant commentary hinged to texts and other artifacts of daily life.

    9. even jotting down students’ comments on the chalkboard during class discussions

      "Annotating" a live conversation. Interesting!

  2. Mar 2015
    1. SCENE I. Elsinore. A platform before the castle. FRANCISCO at his post. Enter to him BERNARDO BERNARDO Who's there? FRANCISCO Nay, answer me: stand, and unfold yourself.

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      This has to be one of the most intense opening scenes in all of literature. We are immediately thrown into a moment of panic as each guard responds wearily to the other's approach. In general these opening lines set the tone of the play to be one of apprehension.

    1. its interests in relationship to those who have no property and thus no calculable interests, and who are therefore imagined to harbor a potentially criminal disregard for propertied order.

      So the concept of "service" to a larger public is illusion?

    1. ohn C. Urschel Department of Mathematics, Penn State University, Pennsyl vania, USA Email: urschel@math.psu.edu

      To add to his impressive and diverse resume: Urschel is also an offensive lineman for the Baltimore Ravens.

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      More here.

    1. It also undermines Gilroy's distinction between work as "servitude, misery and subordination" and artistic expression as the means to self-fashioning and communal liberation. The increasingly blurred territory between production and consumption, work and cultural expression,

      blurring of labor and leisure

    2. ncludes the activity of building Web sites, modifying software packages, reading and participating in mailing lists, and building virtual spaces on MUDs and MOOs

      And sooo much more since this seminal article was written 15 years ago!!

    3. the glamorization of digital labor,

      What's this referring to exactly? The utopianism of crowd-sourcing as democratic knowledge production?


      Impressed that this is what Dan reads for fun.

    1. they are structurally inhibited from making our own lives meaningful.

      I don't buy that.

    2. we are compensated not with wages but with a stronger sense of self, measurable in hard, quantifiable terms. How many friends do you have? How often do they update? How many photos have you shared? How many times have they been looked at? And so on.

      Is there not a qualitative benefit in Facebook another social networking tools? The act of curation can be a self-reflective one. Online intimacies surely can't be dismissed as merely accretive.

    3. The more effort we put into crafting identity online, the more material we supply to Facebook and search engines to associate with contextual ads and other marketing initiatives.

      If we admit that we are indeed participants in a commercial economy--we buy groceries at a supermarket, travel on airplanes, etc.--contextualizing ads in this way seem a public good, one inline with individual desire rather than corporate mandate.

    4. social media essentially allows us to interact with one another as brands.

      Like some perverse reversal of the Citizens United decision--corporations as people.

      But couldn't this be viewed as empowering/democratizing. The chances of an unknown singer of making it big are surely higher in the age of YouTube than they were before the Internet. You can literally broadcast yourself into EMI today.

    5. Services like Facebook succeed by making the process of ordering our social lives much more convenient

      So do planners. Should they be free?

    6. to take on the characteristics of what autonomist Marxists like Paolo Virno and Toni Negri call the social factory, in which the effort we put into our social lives becomes a kind of covert work that can be co-opted by the tech companies that help us “share” and “connect.”

      Are sharing and connecting so specious, so “scary,” as to require quotes?

    1. 395'000'000 / 1320'000'000 = .30 So, the average user would earn about 30 cents, per quarter.

      This assumes that all users are equal. Could there be some metric to value different users differently?

    1. In the culture of surveillance, evidence collection is never-ending, a shadow to every activity. These daily interactions with (and production of) data, however unwitting they may be, are mediated by some interface somewhere. Their codes of transmission permeate our offline lives: the hashtags, likes, swipes, physical and metaphorical embodiments of intimate data exchanges.

      This IS an incredibly intensive archival process. Is the argument that the archiving is out of our control and being done from the pov, as traditionally, of power?

    2. this perspective reflects a certain hegemonic order of knowledge.

      I agree that a certain centralized and limited power is at work here, but "hegemony" seems to restrictive a term for it. There must be some new way of thinking about the dispersed but no less focused knowledge creation of the Web...

    3. As our relationships with interfaces progress, we may find that no amount of design improvement can allow the platforms to address our needs automatically and anticipate our changes of heart.

      Fair enough, but doesn't the Amazon algorithm get it right? I DO need a matching bottle for the baby doll I'm buying my daughter!

    4. I quit Facebook in 2012.

      What makes Twitter different, Amelia?

    5. There is a huge difference between searching and finding.

      To put a finer point on it, I'd say there's a huge difference between knowing what to look for a searching/finding. The very lexicon of these big data searches is not necessarily intuitive or accessible.

    6. Cerf, who holds the title of “chief Internet evangelist” at Google, warned about the incipient reality of lost and incomplete digital archives.

      He would know. The seemingly defunct Google Books project is a case study for this darkening of digital archives.

    1. Google now does this with its enterprise and educational email tools, promising paying users that their email is now exempt from the creepy content-based ad targeting that characterizes its free product. Would Google allow users to may a modest subscription fee and opt out of this obvious, heavy-handed surveillance?

      This is neat.

    2. it creates incentives to produce and share content that generates pageviews and mouse clicks, but little thoughtful engagement.

      What seems potentially scarier is the potential that "thoughtful engagement" itself will become a factor for advertisers. If I spend more time on a page--reading interesting things and possibly writing interesting things--then that's more time I'm spending next to an advertisers ad.

    3. no apparent escape from escalating surveillance to create more attractive business propositions.

      I remain unconvinced that this is a totally bad thing if it truly benefits consumers.

    4. Users have been so well trained to expect surveillance that even when widespread, clandestine government surveillance was revealed by a whistleblower, there has been little organized, public demand for reform and change.

      Fascinating argument.

    5. Outrage over experimental manipulation of these profiles by social networks and dating companies has led to heated debates amongst the technologically savvy, but hasn’t shrunk the user bases of these services, as users now accept that this sort of manipulation is an integral part of the online experience.

      How many times have I seen someone--everyone!--start posting alarming status updates on Facebook about changes to Facebook terms of use/privacy, but never seen anyone say "Quit Facebook!" or quit it themselves in protest.

    6. Demonstrating that you’re going to target more and better than Facebook requires moving deeper into the world of surveillance—tracking users' mobile devices as they move through the physical world, assembling more complex user profiles by trading information between data brokers.

      Is there such a thing as a benevolent surveillor? Like Lucius Fox in Dark Knight when he uses the crazy computer thing to help Batman? (I mean I know he destroys it so Christopher Nolan is saying "No.")

    7. Targeting to intent (as Google’s search ads do) works well, while targeting to demographics, psychographics or stated interests (as Facebook does) works marginally better than not targeting at all.

      I don't know, I guess I believe--without any of the experience and expertise of Zuckerman and with all the faith of a technoutopian--that better algorithms can help me buy better pants or choose a good movie for my daughter to watch.

    8. But the profit per user is just under $0.60.

      I feel so cheap.

    9. the important idea of “free cultural labor”

      Links to a lengthy blog essay by Tiziana Terranova.

    10. investor storytime

      This phrase does so much work. I love how it kind of infantilizes the whole industry. I'm picturing Marc Andreessen and Ben Horowitz criss-cross applesauce in the kids section at a library.

    11. Along the way, we ended up creating one of the most hated tools in the advertiser’s toolkit: the pop-up ad.

      Wow. Want more of this story.

    12. photos of cute cats.

      LOL cat meme

    13. Sell T-shirts and other branded merch!

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    14. not because Zuckerberg, Brin, and Page are scheming, sinister masterminds, but due to good intentions gone awry.

      I'm not sure I like the "good intentions" refrain here. Seems like smart people could anticipate the violence or at least selfishness of some of the decision-making that led to the current state of Internet as advertisement.

    15. “free as in beer”

      As opposed to "free as in speech," a distinction of the free software movement. More here:


  3. Feb 2015
    1. If you are a person who spends a good deal of time around things like art, or books, or songs, you are likely to recognize in yourself some resonant echo of the feeling: I just mean the desire to bring an unflattened attentiveness, a suppler articulacy, to the scene of works you find provoking, captivating, involving in ways that fracture the terms of address that surround them.

      I am such a person, a music lover and a literary critic, and Pete is a friend of mine so I feel this line deeply, remembering a conversation we had over a campfire about the album Dark Was The Night.

      Dark Was The Knight

    1. Do you remember the day, baby, you drove me from your door?

      A line from Elvie Thomas's "Motherless Child Blues":


      The trope of the motherless child is a popular one in African American art. Of course the destruction of families was a major consequence of the slave trade and the institution of slavery.