52 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2019
  2. ucc9d37bcb9c001ec3ffeaf8a9d4.previews.dropboxusercontent.com ucc9d37bcb9c001ec3ffeaf8a9d4.previews.dropboxusercontent.com
    1. oreoftheIndianswishtosettledownasisnowantio-ipated,andshonldthe.missionbenomoreinterrupedinitscoursebytheIndianshostilities,threemalemissionariesmightbeveryprofitablyemployedat

      Ayer is misleading in his attempts to appease Greene

    2. oubtlessalltheFamiliesoverwhomanyinfluencehasbeenex~ertedbythemissionwillgo.Thereisbutlittleprospectthateven8or3childrenfromtheFortcouldbegatheredforaschoolastheclerkwilltakehisfamilywithhim;.and,asisnowthecalculation,onebepladedhere,whohasnochildrenforschool.Itisnotneces—saryIpresumetotouchonotherpointshintedatinthejointlet—ter.Brsno

      Ayer says the school at Fond du Lac isn't promising in terms of attendance

    3. eshouldnotbesurprizedifthedisaffectedstateoffeelingamongtheIndiansshouldsoincreasethatitwouldheunadtisaiietoreestablishatLeechLake,buteventoabandonPokegc

      It sounds like Ayer and Ely want to be done

    4. derallthesecircumstances,thequestionisseriouslypre—sentedtoourmindswhetherweareSpendingourstrengthtothebestedVentageinsinencingtheKingdomofchri

      Ayer is questioning whether or not the Board is wise to continue operating at Fond du Lac

    5. WitnessingthesecasesandalsotheoneofthefirstChiefwhoprofessedfore'timetobeaProtestantChristian,butwithinayearturnedagainasthe"Dogtohisvomit"theIndianssuspectthehis—sionariesofsinistermotivesinattemptingtoconvertthemtothe_whitemansreligion,whichtheyimagineismadeupofforms

      Ayer says the Natives are skeptical of Christianity

    6. hehostilityandindifferenceoftheIndianstotheGospe

      Ayer is losing hope

    7. FormorethanayearpastIhavethoughtthatthefundsoftheBoardweremisappliedinsupportingamissionatthisplaceAf—tersomemonthsresidencehereIamfullysatisfiedofthefact.myreasonsImayprobablystateinasubsequentlette

      Ayer basically says that the Board is wasting their money at Fond du Lac

    8. etholioismisdyingout.ThePriestvisitedherethelastsummerprobablyforthelasttime.AchiefhereinwhomthePriesthadplacedgreatconfidenceshookoffhisallegienceandreturnedtoPaganism.Sincemy

      Ayer says "Catholicism is dying out"

    9. hetheIndiansgenerallyappearedtogrowmoredisaffectedtowardourGertforrealorimaginarywrongs,yettheyhadasyetshownnohostilefeelingsinparticulartowar

      Ayer notes that the Natives are growing more and more hostile toward the US government

    10. OurfamilyisnowenlargedbyMr.[EdmundF.]ElyandMr.Air[FrederickAyer]andson,whoarestayingwithusaweekorso,theyappeartobejustmenwalkinginthefearoftheLor

      Ely and Ayer visit Mills and Sproat

    11. WewereunanimousinourviewswithregardtoreoccupyingLeechLake&inabandoningFondduLacincasetheBoardcannotsustainboth.Todowhichrequirestwo

      Boutwell, Ayer, and Ely are all in agreement that if finances are bad, they should reoccupy Leech Lake and abandon Fond du Lac

    12. Wefeelmorethaneverthewantofanordainedmini

      Ayer wants Pokegoma to have an ordained minister

    13. ncreoeverhereare5familiessettledbyuschemwe5333helpinagricultur

      Ayer argues that Pokegoma deserves a higher ration of money because they have more missionaries and more natives that need help with agriculture

    14. ButGodhasseenfittoblesstheworkofour,handaherefromthebeginnin

      Ayer suggests that Pokegoma is the most comfortable and successful of all the Missions

    15. tin"nowornever“asitregardstheprosperityofthishis?eio

      Ayer says it is "now or never" in regards to the success of Pokegoma

    16. 3darenotcommitourselves,inmakingSpecialpremisestoassistthem.Todarenotturnthemawa

      Ayer is conflicted because he doesn't want to turn any natives away, but he hasn't the resources to help them

    17. versincethelittlerevivalweenjoyedlastwintertherehasbeenmarkedatientiontoinstructionandtheseriousimpressionsthanmadeonsomeminds.hsvsneveraltogethersubsided—«butwehopein2or3oaseshaveresultedinconversio

      Ayer says Pokegoma is enjoying some conversion "success"

    18. ManuscriptsRelatingtotheFrederickAyertoPresidAttherequestoftheChiefsVIpenned,andnowforwardiShouldyousir,astheyhavesubjectoftheforegoingspeecommunicationtoF.Ayer,IUpperMississippieItisbutrecentlythatIhavebodyregrettedthesaleofthopinionasfarasIamacquacompensationfortheland—thosechiefswhocededthelbymanyIndianswhodid—woulddisputetheClaimoftsupposedclosedtheirspeeclcalculatedtointimidateIto]toholdtheirheadsalthoughrequestsandholdtheland.theirpovertyandmiseryto]considertheircaseandwoNorthwestMissionsP489.entoftheUSASeptember301837Pokegamawhosenamesareappendedtotheforegoingspeeches,:hemforyournotice.requestedinformthembyletterofyourviewsonthe-chesyouwill(ifitisyourpleasure)addressthe’uhkahummahcareofH.H.SibleyEsqStPeterslearnedfromtheIndiansthemselvesthattheyasaairlandbytherecentTreaty

      Ayer tells the president that the Natives regretted "giving" their land up in the treaty

    19. theywerenotunderthenecessityoftakingtheirfamilieswiththemtosubsistupontheChaseastheyfor-merlyhaddon

      because of an increase in long term agriculture, men spending fall and winter hunting is not necessary, but done almost out of habit according to Ayer

    20. IfeartheeepoorIndianawillnotverymuchlongerbe-leftundisturbedinpossessionoftheircountry.Whatwedofortheirsalvation,inhumen.probabilltymustbedoneso

      Ayer can see the influx of White people and understands that soon no land with belong to the Natives

    21. naformerletterImentionedthsfEeasy-ourInnerprcterwishedtobeconsideredasandesistennhiseionary.Recenteventsrelatingtohiswifeandherconnexionsrendereditexpedienhthatheshoulddissolvehisimmeddeneconnictionwiththe-Missionandsettledownb

      Henry (Ayer's interpreter) had to leave suddenly and Ayer is left alone for preaching and all other affairs

    22. Weverymeshneedheiean-erdainedministertobreakthebreadoflife,andadministertne.ozdinanoeetothispeople

      while things are going very well at Pokegoma, Ayer still desires a preacher

    23. FromthismomenttheworkofGodgrahnally‘deolined—

      Ayer feels as though God's presence surrounding Pokegoma has declined the new year

    24. ftheIndianscontinuetoharasshimasmuchastheyhavedoneatLeechLake,itseemstomebestthatheshould,thecomingfall,joinyouandmakehishometherefortheprese

      Greene suggests sending Boutwell to Ayer because the Natives are harassing him at Leech Lake

    1. IeXpecttohavenodifficultyingettingthroughwith8CanoestoRedLak

      Ayer is heading back to Red Lake

    2. GrandPortag

      Ayer is now writing from Grand Portage

    3. heyvisitedLeechLakeandRedLakeandotherplacesontheway,toascertainwhataretheprospectsinthatregionformissionaryOperation

      Ayer visited Red Lake and Leech Lake to access them for missions again

    1. 2nextSpringtoreturnornoasGodinhisprovidencesshalldictat

      Ayer formally asks to leave the mission

    2. TheostensibleobjectofthevisitwastoleaveourtwoSonsinChristianfamiliestobeeducat

      Ayer wants to leave his sons with Christian families in the city (ie in "civilization")

    3. Wethinkitexpedientonthewholethatthe"praying‘lndiansushoulddependonusasformerlyforaid,asthePaganpartyseekeverypossibleoccasiontoSpeakevilofthemandaccusethefarnerandBlacksmithofpartialitytowardthem[1j

      There is a pagan person at Pokegoma who is helping with agriculture. This makes Ayer uncomfortable because he believes the pagans will use any opportunity to "un-christianize" the Natives

    4. heevidencesthatthispeopleareadvancingtowardacivilizedstatebothintheoryandfactarebecomingmoreand[more]numerous,andtheidea—soprevalentamongIndiansthatmanuallabordegradestoalmostalevelwiththeSlaveorbruteislooseningitsstrongholdonthemindsofm

      The Natives at Pokegoma are becoming more civilized, according to Ayer

    5. wecannotreportasinglecaseofwhatwesupposetobegenuineconvers

      Now Ayer is saying that Pokegoma is not doing well as far as the actual mission of conversion goes

    6. Wefealthatanimportantpointhasbgengainedinbreaksinguptheirinveneratehabinofbegging&intméducingthatoflabcrinitsstead

      Boutwell and Ayer started using a system of labor for the Natives to receive food, rather than them "begging"

    1. tonetimealmostalloftheadult.partoftheCongregationwereawakendtoaseriousattentiontoeter—nalthings.T

      Ayer is describing a huge religious awakening for the congregation at Pokegoma

    2. Wehavereducedthenumberofourstockaboutonethirdhavingkilledsomeandsoldothers,purposingtokeepmerelyenoughtomeetthewantsoftheMissionwithoutregardtoraisingcalvesorkeepingateamfortheIndiansasheretofore..Itiswethinkbettertokeepayokeofoxenand4or5cowsbothasahatterofcomfortandec—Ionomy

      Ayer is reducing the stock at Pokegoma, possibly because he senses the end coming?

    3. MrEly8timewillbewhollyoc-cupiedinschool,thereforeallthesecularbusinessdevolvesonmeandwouldrequiremyWholetim

      Ayer doesn't want to the "regular work" at Pokegama

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  3. Sep 2019
    1. iarrhoeafor4or5.dhysp

      Ayer has been ill

    2. Thelabourofasinglefemalew0uldrelieveme&setmeatlibertytodevotemytimetodirectMissionarylabours--butnosuchhelpistobehadher

      Hall expressed to Ely that he was in need of another woman at La Pointe because his wife was continually ill and he was doing all the housework

    3. feélsomuchirritatedattimeswhensomeoftheseScampspresentthemselves&commencetheirbegging,thatIfeelwretchedenough,untilIseetheirbacks,&eventhenfeelwretchedthatIhaze£§l1.§

      Ely describes the needs of the Natives through his own eyes at Fond du Lac

    4. HetellsmehehastheVenerealdiseas

      Eminaso (a Native in Ely's region) has a venereal disease

    1. henmyfamilyweresosickthatIcouldnotwrit

      Ayer family was sick as well

    2. rombelowarrived?Isfowhatarethey?Ifnotrecd:1whenissheexpected?ShouldIbedisappointedinaorderedcanyoufurnishmeandatwhatrate.Atwithgoods(principallydrygoods)?WhatistheknownwhentheRedRiverpeoplewillbedown.alvedandaretheydoingwell.IfIcouldnotleaveheretogoforthemtillthenrstofJunewouldnotthecareofthembetoomu

      Mr. Ayer's questions for Henry Sibley, who resides at St Peters

    3. Oneonwhomandencecuthimselfseverelysomeweekssince—andavebeensicmorethanusual

      help at Pokegama for the Ayer's family is low because of injury and sickness

    4. andmustbeforafewweeks—asourgroundforplantingisyetcoveredwithlogs&brush.

      the Ayer's family arrived at Pokegama (?) and is unsettled due to house and land setbacks

  4. Aug 2019
    1. erequestthatHrSeymourorElymaybesenttoouraidnextspring"iftheLordwil

      Mr. Ayer requests Mr. Ely or Mr. Seymour

    2. Thereisbutlittleprospectthatmanyofthemwillbebenefit—todmuchbyvhattheyheariftheycannotbeinducedtosettledown&cultivatethegroun

      Ayer doesn't think Christianization will work unless the bands settle down and cultivate land rather than roaming for most of the year

    3. erewelefttochooseweshouldpreferhrE.ec‘woarewellacquaintedwithhim,andknowthatourvieweonthesubjectofplinlivingandvarioussubjectsconnect-edwithmissionaryOperationsharmoniz

      Ayer expects Ely to close his Mission near Sandy Lake because not many Natives settle there and requests that Ely be sent to Yellow Lake because he has similar views to the Ayer Mission Family

    4. willbeverydesirableundersuchcircumtttnoeeinourunsettleditetetohaveamolefella:laborrwhoinadditiontoschooltoohingwillsuperintendtheconcorno0hi.Iall]ainstructtheIndia

      Ayer requests another male for the Mission to teach and superintend while he [Ayer] is away

    5. IhaveoftennoughtdirectidnxoftheLordandampersuadedthatthein-terestofthemissionnonldventuallybemuchpromotedifweshouldobtainthissituation."

      this remark indicates that Ayer is primarily concerned with improving the condition of the Natives through the building of a Mission in this region

    6. IthinkImntionedinmyformeroomntheun-dosirablanesaofnavina“lesion‘ttionintheneighbourhoodofatradingbonusona/oofthenoral3'tilonoothatreignsaroundthem

      Ayer does NOT want a mission near a trading post because "of the moral pestilence that reigns around them"

    7. hersthatLeechLakeistheplacetolocateamissionforthatIsectionofthecountry

      I think this is saying that Mr. Ayer thinks Leech Lake, not La Pointe, is the best spot for a mission because so many different bands congregate there

    8. roceedtoMrWarren‘spost,atLaPoints,onLakeSuperior,whi

      Mr. Hall, Mr. Ayer, Mrs. Hall, and Mrs. Campbell (interpreter) traveled to La Pointe on Lake Superior