10 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2021
    1. The annotations wereextracted from Diigo for groups to discuss and construct well-reasoned arguments.

      Love the idea of harvesting annotations for summative assignments.

  2. Oct 2020
    1. The authors noted that instructive or process feedback types were rarely observed in the instructors’ messages to students.

      Why?

      • time-consuming
      • the sense-making of students' learning
      • the ways to provide formative feedback
      • the sense-making of feedback by students What kind of feedback would be most useful to students? How can we make sure that students interpret the feedback correctly?

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  3. Jul 2020
    1. Defining Formative Assessment

      Yes! Formative assessment should not just be for grade's sake, but as an actual way to gauge student understanding and then to assess the next steps to take to get students to where you want them to be

  4. Jul 2019
    1. A variety of educational taxonomies have been adopted by districts and states nationwide. Examples of widely used taxonomies include but are not limited to Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives;23 [ 23] Bloom’s revised Taxonomy for Learning, Teaching, and Assessing;24 [ 24] Marzano and Kendell’s New Taxonomy of Educational Objectives;25 [ 25] and Webb’s Depth of Knowledge Levels.26 [ 26] Using educational taxonomies to facilitate the development and guide the organization of learning objectives can improve content appropriateness, assessment effectiveness, and efficiency in learning and teaching.

      Bloom's Taxonomy

    2. How you track student progress can make a difference in their learning and your teaching.

      I will have to develop my own assessment strategies - formative and summative.

  5. Nov 2017
    1. At the very least, the tool should allow for robust formative assessment, and should be capable of giving timely, helpful feedback to learners.

      The “at the very least” part makes it sound as though this were the easy part.

  6. Jun 2016
    1. Assessment and Classroom Learning

      Black, Paul, and Dylan Wiliam. 1998. “Assessment and Classroom Learning.” Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice 5 (1): 7–74.

      This is the original work in the area.

      Largely a literature review from 1988 through 1998.

    1. This manuscript provides a critical examination of the formative assessment literature in particular issues related to the formative assessment lexicon, Black and Wiliam’s (1998) seminal work, and more recent research. Finally, this manuscript provides the foundation for a series of manuscripts on “best practices” for evaluating student achievement through the use of formative assessment.

      abstract. reviw of lit on formative assessment.

    2. A Critical Review of Research on Formative Assessment: The Limited Scientific Evidence of the Impact of Formative Assessment in Education

      Dunn, K E, and S W Mulvenon. 2009. “A Critical Review of Research on Formative Assessment: The Limited Scientific Evidence of the Impact of Formative Assessment in Education.” Assessment, Research & Evaluation.

    1. Black&Wiliam’s(2000)developingtheoreticalframeworkofformativeassessmentempha-sisestheinteractionsbetweenteachers,pupilsandsubjectswithin‘communitiesofpractice’

      Black and Williams (2000) develop a theory of formative learning within a community of practice.