15 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2024
  2. Dec 2023
    1. Arc Flash PPE Categories for DC Systems: In Section 130.7(C)(15)(b), the table that outlines arc flash PPE categories for DC systems, such as storage batteries, DC switchboards, and other DC supply sources, has been updated. The value range requiring arc flash PPE has increased from 100 – 250 VDC to 150 – 600 VDC. This change is supported by recent test data for a maximum arc duration of 2 seconds and a minimum working distance of 18 inches.

      This is a significant change from the 2021 edition, and makes it unnecessary to assign PPE levels to our ESS Battery Trays.

  3. Aug 2023
      • for: energy storage, battery storage, pumped hydro, PSH
      • description
        • Recent studies indicate that pumped hydro can play a significant role in energy storage for a 100% renewable energy system
    1. According to the International   Hydropower Association, or IHA, a  facility with two reservoirs roughly   the size of two Olympic swimming pools, and  a 500-metre height difference between them,   would have an energy capacity of about three and  a half megawatt hours. And they last for decades,
      • for: pumped hydro storage capacity, pumped hydro, PSH
      • paraphrase
        • According to the International Hydropower Association, or IHA,
          • a facility with:
            • two reservoirs roughly the size of two Olympic swimming pools,
            • a 500-metre height difference between them,
          • would have
            • an energy capacity of about three and a half megawatt hours and
            • they last for decades,
  4. Jan 2023
  5. Dec 2022
    1. low self-discharge (<3% per month), you can store them for a longer period of time.

      This would be great for classic cars / garage queens that are stored.

  6. Sep 2022
    1. in south australia we've got the hornsdale power reserve which is a 00:32:43 100 megawatt capacity this is one that elon musk very famously uh put in so this is what the european union is now using as the standard to talk about you know it's 00:32:56 been done in australia we can do it here so in the global system we would need 15 million 635 and 478 such stations across the planet 00:33:08 in the power grid system just for that four week buffer so and that is actually about 30 times capacity uh compared to the entire global

      !- for : global capacity renewable energy storage - this is not realistic

  7. Mar 2022
    1. The steel tower is a giant mechanical energy storage system, designed by American-Swiss startup Energy Vault, that relies on gravity and 35-ton bricks to store and release energy.

      Like pumped hydro with rocks

  8. Oct 2021
  9. Aug 2021
  10. Jan 2020
    1. Alloys[edit] Antimony forms a highly useful alloy with lead, increasing its hardness and mechanical strength. For most applications involving lead, varying amounts of antimony are used as alloying metal. In lead–acid batteries, this addition improves plate strength and charging characteristics.[49][59] For sailboats, lead keels are used as counterweights, ranging from 600 lbs to over 8000 lbs; to improve hardness and tensile strength of the lead keel, antimony is mixed with lead between 2% and 5% by volume. Antimony is used in antifriction alloys (such as Babbitt metal),[60] in bullets and lead shot, electrical cable sheathing, type metal (for example, for linotype printing machines[61]), solder (some "lead-free" solders contain 5% Sb),[62] in pewter,[63] and in hardening alloys with low tin content in the manufacturing of organ pipes. Other applications[edit] Three other applications consume nearly all the rest of the world's supply.[48] One application is as a stabilizer and catalyst for the production of polyethylene terephthalate.[48] Another is as a fining agent to remove microscopic bubbles in glass, mostly for TV screens;[64] antimony ions interact with oxygen, suppressing the tendency of the latter to form bubbles.[65] The third application is pigments.[48] Antimony is increasingly being used in semiconductors as a dopant in n-type silicon wafers[66] for diodes, infrared detectors, and Hall-effect devices. In the 1950s, the emitters and collectors of n-p-n alloy junction transistors were doped with tiny beads of a lead-antimony alloy.[67] Indium antimonide is used as a material for mid-infrared detectors.[68][69][70]

      Potential uses in phone batteries and silicon wafers As semi conductors.

    1. a relatively poor conductor of electricity

      lead is a poor electricity conductor but good and used in phone batteries.

  11. Sep 2019