38 Matching Annotations
  1. Dec 2023
    1. Glossary of some important musical terms
  2. Sep 2023
    1. We should only write on one side of these papers so that in searching through them, we do not have to take out a paper in order to read it. This doubles the space, but not entirely (since we would not write on both sides of all the slips). This consideration is not unimportant as the arrangement of boxes can, after some decades, become so large that it cannot be easily be used from one’s chair. In order to counteract this tendency, I recommend taking normal paper and not card stock.
  3. Jul 2023
    1. As for meter, Arom adds that “it is in fact the most elementary manifestationof rhythm,” 17 made of identical durations with regular stress patterns.
    2. “The pulse, as it has just been defined, is notrhythm. Rhythm is created by a succession of sound events with contrastingfeatures. This contrast may be generated by accents, timbres and durations.”15This is how these three components operate:

      Accents: Contrast is created by means of highlighting certain elements of the music, either regularly or irregularly. When timbre or duration are not at play, accents are the only rhythmic criteria. Timbre: Contrast is produced by hearing/playing different tone colors in turn, either regularly or irregularly. When accents or duration are not at play, timbre is the only rhythmic criterion. Duration: Contrast is produced by the succession of unequal time val- ues. When accents or timbre are not at play, durations are the only rhythmic criteria. 16 As for meter, Arom adds that “it is in fact the most elementary manifestation of rhythm,” 17 made of identical durations with regular stress patterns. Fred Lerdahl and Ray Jackendoff suggest other definitions of the accent, of which they see three types:

  4. Jun 2023
    1. Shepherd’s music also contain American jazz elements, including as bebop linesin his improvisations and his approach to harmonic progressions reminiscent of Keith Jarrett’s.His experiments with irregular meter connect with West African music practices. Theseattributes preclude a simple reading of the artists’ work ‘South African’ in a singular sense,and rather reminds us that the notion of a ‘South African’ jazz is in a continuing dialogue othermusic practices – whether this is with American jazz (which has historically powerfullyinformed South African jazz and continues to do so) or musics from other places or genres


    2. Music theorists have long been aware that different levels of beat are often simultaneously available to the listener. Harald Krebs (1999) uses the term “metrical layers” to describe this phenomenon. In the normal case, metrical layers nest neatly insideone another; they are metrically consonant with each other. This occurs, for example, in Pachelbel’s Canonas the prevailing note-values are repeatedly halved. Figure 3.1 shows this nesting relationship between layers. There is no need for a separate micropulse layer because the layers are metrically consonant: both eighth notes and quarter notes can be expressed as groupings of sixteenth notes.
    3. Metrical Dissonance
  5. May 2023
  6. Dec 2021
    1. The Good-Morrow has a basic iambic pentameter template, that is, there are five regular beats and ten syllables in each line except for the last line of each stanza which has twelve, so count as hexameters.

      But there are odd exceptions here and there - some lines with an extra beat for example (11 syllables), others with trochees, spondees and anapaests, which alter rhythm and so bring added interest for the reader.

      John Donne was famous for not completely yielding to the formality of poetry that was high valued during his time.

      Source: Owlcation https://owlcation.com/humanities/Analysis-of-Poem-The-Good-Morrow-by-John-Donne

    1. neither.

      The first line of the stanza can be said with either 10 or 11 syllables, due to varying pronunciations of the word 'fire'. The rest are 11 syllables each. This stanza follows the rhyming pattern of its predecessors

    2. jestings.

      The syllables in this stanza alternate between 10 and 11 for the lines that alternate rhymes (10-11-10-11), and the final rhyming couplet has 11 syllables in each line.

    3. her.

      Each line in this stanza has 11 syllables. The final word in the first 4 lines (which alternate rhymes) has two syllables, while the rhyming couplet at the end of the stanza rhymes the final two words together.

  7. Sep 2021
    1. Work

      Every 9th line in every stanza breaks the pattern and does not contain 10 syllables. They are all different amounts except for the second and forth stanza, which contain 6.

    2. Postmen

      In this stanza the 5th, 6th, 8th and 9th line break meter.

    3. Death

      In this stanza the 1st, 3rd, 7th, and 9th lines break the meter.

    4. This

      The first lines of the third and fourth paragraph have eleven syllables, in contrast to the rest of the poem which only has ten. In this stanza, the 3, 5,8 and 9th lines break the meter.

    5. And

      This line contains 12 syllables, and is the only 10th line that breaks the meter. The 6, 8, and 9 lines in this stanza break the meter.

    6. Flashes

      With a few exceptions, most of the lines in the poem contain 10 syllables, and follow the iambic pentameter. In this stanza the 7th and 9th line break the meter.

    7. Recording of Aubade done by the author, Phillip Larkin.

    8. horrify

      The stanzas in the poem are all ten lines with the following rhyme scheme, ABABCCDEED

    9. here

      The rhyme is forced here as the pronunciation of anywhere and here do not rhyme

    10. because

      The rhyme scheme breaks here, remorse and because do not rhyme

  8. Nov 2020
  9. icla2020b.jonreeve.com icla2020b.jonreeve.com
    1. I lay on the floor in the front parlour watching her door

      This part stands out due to it's almost verse-like rhyme and meter structure.

      I lay on the floor / in the front parlor / watching her door.

      It emphasizes the narrator's obsession with the girl and highlights the absurdity of the daily routine, as well as the playful nature of childhood romance.

  10. Jun 2020
  11. Oct 2018
    1. As virtuous men pass mildly away
        • / - / - / - /<br> As virtuous men pass mildly away,

      Iambic Tetrameter- This meter is consistent (as well as the Rhyme Scheme ABAB) throughout the poem in order to covey the message to Anne More that Donne's love for her is constant and never changing; this is used in order to comfort the upset More.

  12. Jan 2018
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  13. Jul 2014
    1. (SF)

      This will need to be switched to Brea. The calls will be routed to them starting on 8/1/14.

  14. Oct 2013