12 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2019
    1. moral assumptions

      Of the articles covered this week, good morals are mentioned numerous times. I guess I didn't realize rhetoric had anything to do with being virtuous. Why does it matter?

  2. Aug 2018
    1. Earlier, I have criticized Facebook for not anticipating the ethical problems with Facebook live and for its general approach of trying things out without much ethical forethought. But wouldn’t a pragmatist argue that because they are charting into new territory, digital innovators are more likely to make ethical mistakes giving the lack of existing normative framework?  This pragmatic defense only has limited power though, as there are general guiding ethical norms and principles in place already.  It is of course true that (some of) these norms might be subject to change in the digital environment and that sometimes our existing frameworks are ill-equipped to deal with new moral dilemmas. However, this does not excuse some of the more egregious ethical lapses we have seen recently, which were violations of well-known and accepted moral guidelines.
    1. In the New Testament, familial metaphors are frequently used to describe Christians and what came to be construed as the universal Church. Christians are “brothers” and “sisters” to one another. Weirdly, collectively they are also the body and the bride of Christ. Wives are commanded to submit to their husbands “as you do to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church, his body, of which he is the Savior” (Ephesians 5:22-23). This teaching of male headship is, of course, a source of much abuse of women in conservative Christian circles, and evangelical pastors have been known to abuse, to sweep abuse under the rug, and to counsel women that they must remain in abusive marriages since, after all, Jesus himself forbade divorce, and God can use suffering for good.

      And of course this also likely the source of American mores which have delivered us the power struggle that results in abuses which have boiled over into the MeToo scandals.

  3. Apr 2018
    1. Miss Bingley’s attention was quite as much engaged in watching Mr. Darcy’s progress through his book, as in reading her own; and she was perpetually either making some inquiry, or looking at his page. She could not win him, however, to any conversation; he merely answered her question, and read on. At length, quite exhausted by the attempt to be amused with her own book, which she had only chosen because it was the second volume of his, she gave a great yawn and said, “How pleasant it is to spend an evening in this way! I declare after all there is no enjoyment like reading! How much sooner one tires of anything than of a book! When I have a house of my own, I shall be miserable if I have not an excellent library.”

      Sermons to Young Women cautions women as to how to and how NOT to get a man’s attentions: “Naked in nothing should a woman be, but veil her very wit with modesty. Let a man discover, let her not display, but yield her charms of mind with sweet delay.”(Fordyce, James, Sermons p99) which elucidates this warning “Who is not shocked by the flippant impertinence of a self-conceited woman, that wants to dazzle by the supposed superiority of her powers? If you, my fair ones, have knowledge and capacity, let it be seen by your not affecting to show them, that you have something more valuable, humility and wisdom.” (Fordyce,James. Sermons p99) Miss Bingley is showing off to get Darcy’s attention. Unfortunately her behavior has the exact effect on Darcy that Fordyce warns of: “If men discover that you study to captivate them by an outside only, or by little frivolous arts….Some more sentimental spirits, who might be dazzled in the beginning, will soon be disabused.” (Fordyce, Sermons pg.10) (Title Page, 1809 edition)

    2. during the hour which passed before the gentlemen appeared.

      .” It was customary during that time for men to take leave of women after dinner and go to a different room to smoke: "A gentlemen never smokes in the presence of ladies"(Pool, DanielWhat Jane Austen Ate and Charles Dickens Knewpp54-56 and http://chuma.cas.usf.edu/~runge/MasonJA1.html)

  4. Nov 2017
    1. To improve by reading, his morals and faculties.

      I really like that the authors grouped reading and morals together. I think they are closely associated and often people do not believe that to be true. Through reading, individuals are forced to expand their minds and this creates a greater field in which they can decide right from wrong. In general, I think it is significant that they included morals in the list of objectives. I feel that you can see that today through things like the "Green Dot Campaign" and the quantity of passionate student organizations that promote safety, acceptance, and equality. I think this is also a part of the direction of the New Curriculum, to get people to think outside of themselves and how it relates to their disciple but how to engage as a community appropriately and consciously.

    1. To give to every citizen the information he needs for the transaction of his own business. To enable him to calculate for himself, and to express & preserve his ideas, his contracts & accounts in writing. To improve by reading, his morals and faculties. To understand his duties to his neighbours, & country, and to discharge with competence the functions confided to him by either. To know his rights; to exercise with order & justice those he retains; to choose with discretion the fiduciaries of those he delegates; and to notice their conduct with diligence with candor & judgment. And, in general, to observe with intelligence & faithfulness all the social relations under which he shall be placed.

      I found these specific objects of primary education to be quite important to the standing and image the school wanted and still wants to portray. It addresses the purpose of the University to create better more intelligent citizens for Virginia and the country. However, to me it seemed somewhat ironic due to the University’s background. It reveals earlier in the article that University's location was chosen based on its centrality to the white population in Virginia. This statement clearly implies a bias against non-white Virginians, even though the listed purposes of the University and what it hopes to impart to its students in this report depicts a different message. It paints a picture of in which the students utilize their higher level education to behave morally, accepting, self-aware, and faithful to social relations and knowledge. Does this mean these standard morals don’t apply to non-white Virginians? The irony highlights how the purposes of the University can be interpreted in different ways, either as a way to serve the white people in order to “preserve [their] ideas” of bias and superiority. Oppositely, the students could use their newfound knowledge to “improve [their] morals” and work to bring about change in society by education others ethics and equality.

    1. To develope the reasoning faculties of our youth, enlarge their minds cultivate their morals, & instil into them the precepts of virtue & order.

      The main goal of a higher institution or university is to educate students and the youth to make a future brighter. In addition, they want the future generation to build a better place for everyone. I agreed with this statement because it illustrates that even though education is significant having morals and order as or more equal to being intelligent. I personally think it is important for a person to be kind and smart. Because if we have only smart people but indifferent people then no one will help each and no one will agree with each other. -Alexander An

    2. And, in general, to observe with intelligence & faithfulness all the social relations under which he shall be placed.

      I think this passage highlights everything we still learn today as students not just in the classroom, but outside of it. As students we not only learn from our professors, but from each other, and we do that through our social interactions and relations. In collaborating with other students wether it be in the lab, working on a group project, or just engaging in conversation with a group of friends, we are learning new ideas and skills, which is an important skill we must take with us into the real world that we'll enter after college. -Emily McClung

  5. Mar 2017
  6. Oct 2013
    1. People think that morals are corrupted in schools; indeed they are at times corrupted, but such may be the case even at home.

      There are problems inherent in the notion that there is ONE right way to do everything.

  7. Sep 2013
    1. For they taught their art for a good purpose, to be used against enemies and evil-doers, in self-defence not in aggression, and others have perverted their instructions, and turned to a bad use their own strength and skill. But not on this account are the teachers bad, neither is the art in fault, or bad in itself; I should rather say that those who make a bad use of the art are to blame. And the same argument holds good of rhetoric; for the rhetorician can speak against all men and upon any subject,—in short, he can persuade the multitude better than any other man of anything which he pleases, but he should not therefore seek to defraud the physician or any other artist of his reputation merely because he has the power; he ought to use rhetoric fairly, as he would also use his athletic powers.

      Ethics of rhetoric.