181 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2021
    1. Onepurpose of this book is to ask why these works, many of whichdid not seem at all deficient to their original audiences, have cometo seem deficient in the way I have just described. Another is toquestion the perspective from which these deficiencies spring tomind.

      For annotated bibliography:

      This book looks closely the historiography of 19th century literature to try and understand why these works are disfavored by critics in our day when they were favored by readers in theirs.

  2. May 2019
    1. t root, the player is tasked with learning a combination of actions and responses. The game does one thing. The player responds with another. In order to beat the game, the player needs to master the system.

      This is similar to working out math. You have to learn it, understand it, and master it. If put into a game format to where students are more attentive, it will be beneficial to their motivation.

    2. Good math games are like mathematical instruments. They are sophisticated digital manipulatives that are able to provide instant feedback. Just playing with a great math game will teach you something about numbers. Just fiddle with it and you’re already doing math.

      This is true! Another form of learning. Since math games is able to provide feedback, it can give student's a better response to their work. This is very useful when the classroom has independent studying times.

    3. The underlying assumption of an education system that relies so heavily on test-based assessment is that content is what matters. We even call it "subject matter." In some ways, it's true that content matters -- as long as we interpret the language so that ‘matters’ is used as a verb. Understand that “what matters” is that which is in the process of matter-ing, the process of becoming matter. What matters is what can be understood as a material, what is measurable, what is quantifiable, what is matter.

      Part 2 of Jordan Shapiro article. I believe this area is useful since it highlights the assumptions of the education system. The content is what matters, not necessarily always given in the form of tests, essays, or handouts;

    1. In this guide, we show how to apply games to math and humanities education, as well as how games can facilitate interdisciplinary learning.

      Did a skim, great resource to get started in integrating games / finding games for the classroom.

      This serves to my research by explaining the types of facilitation in a classroom and the experiences.

    2. These are fun, playful games that don’t "teach to the test," but do align directly with state standards.

      I believe this note highlights well that not all classrooms will be the same and that there is flexibility in each lesson.

      This reminded me to think that not all classrooms will be the same or offer the same experience. As a reminder, the sentence serves as a motivation to make a classroom genuine to your student's learning experience.

    3. The cost of using any kind of new tool in school can be prohibitive, but for educators who want to make it happen, trying free games is a great first step.

      This paragraph provides a good arching theme that teachers experience within their classroom. Lack of resources. However, there are free things in the world that are a good use, we just got to find them. Then work our way up to find better resources.

      This can serve as a quote from this article as a reminder for the things teacher experience in a classroom.

    4. It’s a matter of changing tactics and presumptions: games can be integrated into everyday curricula because they enable teachers to present academic concepts in a contextualized, experiential way.

      I think this sentence serves well in anything we do in a classroom. The way we approach a lesson can determine the beneficial factors that students can take with them. Another important is the integration of technology within the classroom. This way, students have a study of play where they can experiment and learn.

      I think this is important to my inquiry because the statement offers something that is valuable about time and classroom integration.

    5. same subject area from a different perspective.

      Different approach might help fit the curriculum better. The website offers different perspective to play with.

    6. Games in the Classroom: Overcoming the Obstacles

      I noticed when reading this article, the percentage was rank from highest to lowest. I think that is great in terms of organizing information for the readers.

    1. Twitter is a microblogging site.Reddit is a social news aggregator and entertainment site. It’s a platform made up of thousands of smaller, niche “forums,” or subreddits, each with their own rules.Some subreddits, such as /r/todayilearned, do not require expanding further than the post’s title, limited to 300 characters.However, other subreddits require in-depth self-posts, which can be up to 40,000 characters long. Examples include /r/nosleep, /r/entrepreneur, and even /r/theredpillThat doesn’t sound like microblogging to me.

      This person actually makes a great point, a blog itself is limited to minimal actions or explantations and microblogging is more of a in the moment type of things. When some one post to reddit I have notice they go into a good depth of it the topic or they stick to simply posting a link to something relevant to the forum.

      This can be helpful to my article to help me define reddit

    1. These sites are at once the product of screwing around and the social network that invariably results when people screw with each other.

      After reading pages prior to this quote, I find it interesting that any form of online community or online database, the author seems to want to ridicule it. In this instance he calls Reddit a screw around website that even if the forums have ideas that matter, they do no truly matter because of all the excess.

      This paper is actually why I wanted to create a bit of a counter argument in the paper because I know that is one of the main push backs with online communities and people thinking they are useless.

    1. A Resource for Teachers

      This is another .org website so again creditable, seems a bit more legitimized because it is from the American Board. I am not sure how helpful this article maybe because I have already reviewed another one linking to a could of the more large subreddit groups.

    1. If you want to know about a topic, or want to share what you know, there’s probably a community out there waiting for you.

      She makes a very valid point. In the beginning when I was first told about this option, I was skeptical as to how a platform like this have so many subgroups. After speaking with my Reddit enthusiast boyfriend his should me what I refer to as a "Whole new world." Its insane, but I think even if you are looking for a group to connect with, whether you want a professional setting or maybe some memes Reddit has it for you. At the end of my blog I would like to touch on this because I want to address the apprehension that I am sure may have about reddit because I know I could not have been the only one to have this little battle.

    2. Reddit allows users to upvote items they like (as well as downvote items they don’t), respond to what others have posted, and create their own posts.

      I think this function is actually a great one that may actually work to help other teachers because if many like a source or the moderaters find the content very helpful they can either pin or upvote certain materials to help them in the long wrong.

      The idea of creating a community popularization if something that I can touch on to add more definition as to why Reddit is good. But not just the popularization but as well as how something that is deemed unhelpful or possible rude could get deleted and/or down voted.

    3. I have seen the incredible benefit of having an online community of professionals who are willing to engage in discussions and debates. It has been wonderful to be part of a group willing to help each other problem-solve as new experiences come up and new issues arise.

      As stated a few sentences away she is actually an active teacher trying to move forward to become a librarian. She seems to affirm that she is already active in online communities giving her a boost to her creditability because she has had that hands on experience.

    4. easy-to-use interface, and harnesses the power of crowd-sourcing

      In a short amount of words she seems to sum up what many people think an affinity space is. Although I would not call Reddit as the "front page of the internet" as I still think may people are not familiar with it.

      This could make for a great quote in the blog as a staple sentence of perhaps when I attempt to define what exactly reddit is used for.

    5. Reddit: A “Lost” Technology Resource

      This may also be a good creditable source, it is a .org website and it is said to be contributed by Journal of the American Association of School Librarians.

      Although not exactly teachers, they also work in the same school systems and perhaps have a different input as to how reddit maybe used.

    1. 5 Subreddits for Teachers

      This article promotes use of Reddit also the source of this also seems somewhat creditable. It may sound like a silly title to a website but I do know that obtaining a .org ending is difficult and needs some type of push to get it recognized. Seems like a good place to get started.

    2. When you enter teacher in the search box, you can read posts and discussions from both students and their teachers. You may find questions posted every week that you can reply to about your experiences as a teacher too.

      The author makes a good point of you'll find gems in random places and it might be worth a shot to see what some teachers have posted in the forum.

      I am not to sure how this might help me look for ways teachers use Reddit but it is worth a look, I do not want to build a huge argument against Reddit but I think I would really have to pick and choose there. Maybe it could be worth a good laugh.

    3. Discussions may include tips on moving to a new school district, dealing with problem students, handling helicopter parents and tips for those enrolled in teaching programs in college

      This small summary brings up a good point and points me more in the direction of looking at this subreddit now that I have a general Idea that those who use this reddit tend to give or receive advice

    4. This is a great place to view funny pictures that only teachers will understand and to find links to popular news stories in the education field. This subreddit includes links to articles and resources for teachers too

      Although the author is listening subreddits that maybe helpful to teachers, he all makes this comment here and the above highlighted to show that even teachers need and do us the reddit as a comical relief as well as way to actually interact and share relavant ideas.

      Think this page would help me as a way to look at other Reddits, not just the history teacher one, but also the way it could help me as well is gathering for a small defense to a counter argument I would like to propose in my blog. So in a way this helps both sides, me gathering information into different affinity spaces as well as a a built argument.

    1. Engaging in this way reminds her that getting stuck is part of the process, and coaching other people through those emotions serve the dual purpose of reminding herself to stick with it too

      Speaking of process earlier, we have to remind students that math is a journey and is not an instant answer. I believe with this piece of information, we can tell student's its ok to be stuck but keep going.

    2. Danforth thinks of math circles as an opportunity to experience what it means to be a mathematician,

      What about having this idea of a math circles with students? Can that help shed light for students who struggle in math or even a math problem? I think this could be a useful concept to integrate into the classroom and let kids think beyond.

    3. helped her think of math as primarily about problem solving. “That new definition of math allows more people to be good at it,” she said.

      I relate to this statement very well. Because a lot of times when we think of a math class, we do not like it because it's hard and we can't get it. It should be more about the problem solving approach and how one can improve their process every time when tackling math.

    4. While groups are often working on the task from different directions or entering at different levels of understanding,

      This quote brings perspective to us as teachers and the students. That there are different levels of understanding. It adds well into her anecdote from the quote before.

  3. Apr 2019
    1. As teachers we often put our students into reading groups with a limited choice of books and then try to create artificial conversations. In contrast, the act of creating the book commercial together pushes students to have deep discussions as they negotiate creative decisions about what to include and how to communicate the strengths of the book.

      Artificial conversations are an issue I predict I'd face as a teacher, this activity seems to negate the issue by focusing on student interest and creation. What other activities deal with this issue in this sort of way?

    2. Now it’s time for an audience. My students watch each commercial and comment about what they liked, and then the creator tells us what they might do differently next time.

      This is an activity that sees writing as making. Students plan, make, and peer edit.

    3. s Adobe Spark Video.

      I have personal hate for Adobe Spark because of how glitchy and untrustworthy it is.

    4. The act of creating a commercial gets students thinking about elements of story such as character, setting, and plot.

      Multilayered activity (benefits students multiple ways.) What other ways are there?

    5. The library is constantly expanding and keeps student interest in books and reading growing.

      Answer to my possible question: How to get students interested/involved?

  4. Dec 2018
    1. they are subjective and mutable, and readers can interact with texts in a number of way

      a great tool that supports critical thinking and stylistic preferences.

    2. ices, I show several differ ent cinematic versions of this scene (Almereyda, Branagh, and Zeffirelli) that offer varied interpre tation

      accentuates this idea of interpretations

    3. I follow this activity by showing a film ver sion of the textual pas

      This is activity that i want to use in my classroom. i think that especially with hamlet it will work.

    4. What is interesting in the images is not the correct ness of interpretation but how the student chose to represent the lines from the poetry

      Interpretation again. poetry is especially important. there are many critics who interpret work differently. its important to justify all interpretation and communicate the authors intentions also

    5. g, detailing their interpretations of what is being re

      This is the main goal. interpretations are what we want from students. we want they to communicate what they envision and encourage their mental processes

    6. xt. In the process of composing storyboards, students will often go back and forth between the text they are reading and the visuals they are creat

      The reason why they work. reading and rereading

    7. newspapers, in comic books and graphic nov els. In filmmakin

      Shows its wide use in today's society.

    8. t. The storyboards served as a brainstorming activity, much like a prewriting ex ercise for a written pap

      Connect the written process with the visual one

    9. scaffold

      Pedagogical concept

    10. toryboards deliver a narrative A m through discrete visual representa tion

      Storyboarding helps visualize text

    1. talks about digital storytelling as ways to engage students in the writing process. like the other article said, its not always about engagement. talk about the other beneficial aspects of digital essays. community, communication, challenges, feedback.

    2. he also talks about storyboarding as a way to visualize text. pairs well with the other resource about storyboarding. he even puts a webstie that i can access.

    3. because he addresses writing teachers, hicks talks about the similarities writing has with digital writing. same process. draft. edit. publish

    4. he also talks about Common Core state standards. I need to connect these activities to a TEKs requirement to be eligible.

    5. visual mentor texts (films). when i talk about the Franken-Science project, it is important to note that jurassic park is a mentor visual text that allows us to critique similar ideas in Shelleys Frankenstein

    6. "smart producers and smart consumers"

      This is what i want my students to learn. when i talk about digital essays, i want my students to realize that they consume digital media and also produce digital content. before this class i had never considered myself as a producer, but i am.

    7. Hicks writes from the POV of a ELA teacher. this is relevant to me and helps me understand his goals.

      in this chapter, he addresses visual learners and the benefits of using multimodal methods to teaching



    1. Schemas.Aschema(pluralschemasorschemata) is a structure that organizes largeamounts of information into a meaningful system. Schemas include our generalizedknowledge about situations (Matlin, 2009). Schemas are plans we learn and use dur-ing our environmental interactions. Larger units are needed to organize propositionsrepresenting bits of information into a coherent whole (Anderson, 1990). Schemas as-sist us in generating and controlling routine sequential actions (Cooper & Shallice,2006).

      quote this simple explanation. give insight to how we learn

    2. Piaget (1962) offered a different view of imitation. He believed that humandevelopment involved the acquisition of schemes (schemas), or cognitive structures thatunderlie and make possible organized thought and action (Flavell, 1985). Thoughts andactions are not synonymous with schemes; they are overt manifestations of schemes.Schemes available to individuals determine how they react to events. Schemes reflectprior experiences and comprise one’s knowledge at any given time.

      Schema and the discussion about one's knowledge and experiences are important to my analysis. it provides pedagogical information and reserach



    1. The key to success is to choose wisely and create lesson plans that are effective in making a film a learning experience. 

      the goal in this entire method

    2. Cons of Using Movies in the Classroom

      also talks about the negative connotations. great list of ideas. canva

    3. Pros of Using Movies in Class

      These are important ideas. these could be used as infographic in my analysis. canva was cool. use to create

    4. Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts (CCSS) i

      perhaps i need to take a look at texas' regulations. TEKS

    5. School Policies

      reoccurring idea. depending on where i teach, the policies may be different

    6. engagement cannot be the only reason.

      engagement is what prompted me to research it in the first place. but she's right. it cant be the only reason. i need to look at it as a multi-use tool.

    7. Melissa Kelly

      hyperlink shows the credentials

    1. Humanities is an interdisciplinary course in which students recognize writing as an art form. Students read widely to understand how various authors craft compositions for various aesthetic purposes. This course includes the study of major historical and cultural movements and their relationship to literature and the other fine arts. Humanities is a rigorous course of study in which high school students respond to aesthetic elements in texts and other art forms through outlets such as discussions, journals, oral interpretations, and dramatizations. Students read widely to understand the commonalities that literature shares with the fine arts. In addition, students use written composition to show an in-depth understanding of creative achievements in the arts and literature and how these various art forms are a reflection of history. All students are expected to participate in classroom discussions and presentations that lead to an understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment of critical, creative achievements throughout history. Understanding is demonstrated through a variety of media.

      quote this and talk about how literature can be woven into other art mediums (vids, photo, modernism and postmodernism as a collected art construct) this is why we are allowed to use film

    1. To connect to a student's schemata, teachers should (1) present information that builds background ideas, concepts, and principles; (2) show (don't tell) through demonstrations, multimedia, and graphics; (3) use outside resources, trips, and speakers; and/or (4) tell about the topic from personal experience.

      great advice to heed. background info is an important concept. talk about it.

    2. e KWL (What I Know, What I Want to Know, What I Learned) or KWLW (What I Know, What I Want to Know, What I Learned, Where It Was Learned) chart as a previewing activit

      could be used as a good infographic of learned ideas

    3. Most of my students are Hispanic and many have had experiences with gangs at one time or an- other. The It

      need to choose films that may be relevant to the situation of the students. for instance. the method that Hillary Swank uses in freedom writers.

    4. Educators who refuse to acknowledge popular cul- ture as a significant basis of knowledge often de- value students by refusing to work with the knowledge that students actually have a

      we need to keep up with the times and allow students to showcase their skills

    5. Film and Schemata

      now we are talking about Schema. this is an important pedagogical concept. need to put into the analysis and quote book from learning process with hernandez. schunk.

    6. . I have found that the use of film for at-risk students far surpasses literature as facilitation for in- creasing the literacy and critical-thinking skills of my students, and that includes, surprisingly enough, their reading and writing skills

      movies help at risk students and encourage the writing process.

    7. We must use film as other lit- erature is used: as a basis for anchoring most writing and critical-thinking activiti

      quotable insight for the goals

    8. . We start by choosing the films that en- gage students in creating an environment to think and a desire to communicate.

      this is the goal of the entire practice.

    9. 1. A Comparison of Literary and Cinematic

      show the similarities and how they translate into different mediums

    10. nd parents must sign individual releases each time a film is shown.

      something i'll have to do too

    11. do not permit the showing of R-rated feature films at all; teachers may use only excerp

      i feel that this decision may hinder teachable concept though. R rated movies may be grittier than most other movies, but they provide real insight into an idea and help achieve memorable lessons

    12. , a practice that is unethical as well as illegal

      incorporate seriousness into text

    13. ? And haven't teachers over the years misused film? I am referring to the habit of turning films into a visual aid-turning on the projector or VCR and letting the film do the teaching with lit- tle comment or questions.

      use as a quote to talk about the misuse

    14. misused film

      The negative connotation behind the practice

    15. c. After all, don't we partly blame film and television for the low literacy levels in societ

      true statement. coincides with the negative argument above. ironic that teachers blame tv and etc for the loss of reading in schools so they play movies to get a reaction out of their students. not good. maybe untrue?

    16. m (rap music, for example, as poet

      in school, we didn't differentiate by genre of music. lyrics are a form of modern poetry

    17. le The Matrix was in the theaters, a favorite line was, "Never send a human to do a machine's jo

      this movie is alpha in terms of Humanity and loss of humanity (teachable concept) can be paired with other movies like Upgrade and texts.

    18. Ezra Pound, and T. S. Eliot have gone so far as to view any form of popular cul- ture as "a threat to the very existence of civilization as well as an expression of the vulgarization and deca- dence of the masse

      it would be very meta and ironic if i used pop culture to teach them then.

    19. Film is our most popular "popular" culture

      Popular culture is a dominant theme that keeps popping up throughout this inquiry project. It would be unwise not to mention it in the analysis.

    20. school teacher Michael Vetrie.

      Author's credentials

  5. May 2018
    1. The following are 10 different ways that ESL teachers can use technology to teach English in a way that will make lessons more engaging and appealing:

      Majority of the examples provided involve assessment which feels more significant and students, especially in the beginning levels, shy away from.

    2. There are many options on the Internet to learn about virtually any topic.

      Could be a specifc website like the examples but also, just Google Earth

    3. Digital Field Trips

      This is something new that I hadnt thought of before. It could be used to physically show a place of interest in a cultural or geographic lesson or to describe directions in Spanish by the students.

    1. It has the tendency to make the learning passive. Everything is available, and everything is accessible in an instant. This results in the brain taking for granted what is served up to it so easily. And you don’t really value what comes too easily. For example, there’s just something about flipping the pages of a thick dual-language dictionary that makes us appreciate the word when we finally locate it on the page.Technology also precludes human interaction. Some people just learn best when interacting with others. Solo flights in front of the computer don’t hold much appeal to them. There’s just something about having a warm body laughing your bungling of a new language.So as it turns out, technology has its own shortcomings. You can’t lean on it too much. If you want a bountiful harvest, you need to put in the effort and the time to really do the hard work. Technology is the same. It’s there to help, but it can’t drag you from bed in the morning and sit you in front of the computer or make you take the tests seriously.

      Directed mainly at individual learners, not students in a classroom. There is the conversation and non-isolated aspect of the classroom. There does need to be an integration not substitution.

    2. Choose a story that has a visual component. That is, a story that has the text and pictures shown. If the storyteller is being shown, take note of his/her gestures. This will help you make out the things happening in the story. (If possible, make sure that you are familiar with the English version of the story.)Because they are geared for kids, the language structure in the stories will be easy enough, and the vocabulary so basic that an adult listening to Cinderella in Spanish can mine it for language acquisition.

      I have seen this technique used before but, did not engage me well enough to work very well

    3. Test Your Knowledge Through Technologically-enhanced Language Games

      Again, memorization based

    4. With YouTube, you also have access to native speakers speaking their dialects in full display. A video or channel may not necessarily be about language

      A process that I use now and did in high school by watching tv show episodes and identifying 50 or so words that we knew

    5. Turn Car Rides into Language Classes

      For auditory learners

    6. Video Chat with a Native Speaker Any Time of the Day

      Requires more preparation than my ideal tech integration but, i have seen it be done and successful.

    7. With one click or tap, you will know what “sleep” is when translated to French, Spanish or Japanese, for example
    8. 1. Change the Language Settings on Your Devices and Social Media Accounts

      Not entirely plausible for the classroom but, may be able to walk through a webisite like Facebook in Spanish.

    9. They have memory games that make learning fun. Videos record the lessons and you can replay them at any time of the day and as often as like.

      The only two aspects of language learning tech that ive tested.

    10. Technology has changed the way we exchange information.

      Highlights the increased on importance of tech on language learning but also, breaks down what language is which provides a lens with whih to analyze tech

  6. Apr 2018
    1. Rapid changes in digital communication provide facilities for reading and writing to be combined with various and often quite complex aspects of images, music, sound, graphics, photography and film

      This source is going to my second go-to for information. I chose this sources because of its ability to give me a larger amount of information strictly pertaining to multi modal literates - ranging from composition of works, to the makeup of classrooms. It focuses on more recent research (2010) and k-12 classrooms. It also points out ways in which students and teachers can use technology, and where teachers can attempt to promote more technology in classrooms

    1. This paper describes my investigation of technology integration in social studies instruction to build an understanding of why technology is being used to teach social studies content. Given the nature of social studies instruction and the need to engagestudents in the learning process, I selected motivational theory as a theoretical frame for this research.

      This article focuses on motivational theory as a looking glass into multimodal classroom and literates. Tina Heafner first offers definitions about motivation theory, before digesting her observations and methods commonly used to promote motivation. She then uses her observations to make her professional recommendations.

    1. Justify

      Greatest take-away. Can be used for my future reference. Provides structure in Q&A form about why her and her team decided to take on creating multimodal spaces

    2. Through this retelling, Knight explores how a design philosophy can be a crucial component of space design. Although focused on one specific case study, the chapter offers advice others can use regarding the development and implementation of a design philosophy.

      This piece, though not a scholarly piece, is a nice view at the process that goes into creating multimodal classrooms, but its focus is on classroom design. A vital part of this piece, in using this for mine is the complete beginning of this piece. She defines terms such as classroom design, multi modal functions, etc. She also discusses the philosophy of classroom design and how effective is has been in her teaching experience.

    3. Our pedagogical values necessitated arguments for small class sizes and studio-type teaching environments. We repeatedly returned to these pedagogical arguments, in reports, in meetings, in conversations, in emails—anytime we needed to advocate for resources that would help us to best teach communication studies in theory and practice. These repeated ideas and approaches became the basis for what we call our design philosophy—our particular ideas about the purpose of built environments and what they should accomplish. Written in plain English with minimal jargon, the statement reflects our shared beliefs and specific objectives regarding teaching spaces. Our design philosophy became a tool to effectively interface with a variety of stakeholders, from administration to facilities to IT. It became a tool to guide our process of production; at times, it served as our creed, or manifesto.

      Pedagogy points of emphasis

    4. This flexible and easily modified space supports Individual student work, Collaborative group work, Small-group discussion, and Large-group seminars and presentations

      Align with my way of wanting to teach. Not only in terms of actually creating things, but I believe that creating things on your own is vital to making things stick.

    5. Build the most effective teaching and learning space possible, Communicate our ideas to a variety of stakeholders, Negotiate our classroom vision from a strong bargaining position, and Effectively solve problems and work within constraints in the process of completing the project.

      philosophy of this classroom design

    1. games could be beneficial for a number of reasons. Firstly, it is claimed that in gamesknowledge or skills learned and practiced are more likely to transfer than when practiced on a single kind of problem. Once mastered, theknowledge and skills are practiced further to provide overlearning. This leads to the knowledge and skills becoming automatized and con-solidated in memory, so that the learner can begin to focus consciously on comprehending or applying new information

      Research has shown that students are significantly more engaged and concentrate much harder when challenged in classrooms. Literature in the game-based context reflects similar understanding of the phenomenon that the challenge in games may drive a player's sense of engagement. As Fotini Paraskeva in "Multiplayer online games as educational tools: Facing new challenges in learning" writes, "Games seem to put the learner in the role of decision-maker, pushing players through ever harder challenges, and learning is accomplished through trial and error" (Paraskeva 499). Prior research by James Paul Gee in "What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy", and John Kirriemuir in "The relevance of video games and gaming consoles to the higher and further education learning experience" — which Paraskeva cites to corroborate her findings — also shows that challenge in game-based learning increased learning outcomes as well as satisfaction.

    1. Games model learning by doing perfectly, as they demand the active participation of players all along the way. This is one reason games have such potential as tools for learning: they are really nothing more than complex problems waiting to be solved by players in a way that is both fun and challenging.

      As new technologies allow for increasingly sophisticated game experiences, the potential for the integration of games and learning becomes ever more crucial. Learning environments have been largely limited to the traditional classroom: the teacher stands in front of the class and relays knowledge to a listening group of students. But gaming environments are quite unlike that. As Katie Salen Tekinbas in Guide to Digital Games + Learning writes, "Games . . . demand the active participation of players all along the way" (Shapiro 4). Through their use of immersive experiences, games like Mafia, Dragonbox, and Crayon Physics Deluxe — all social games referenced by Tekinbas — provide an opportunity for play which can result in a myriad of rich experiences.

    1. Take a stroll through “The Educational Gaming Industry Timeline”. Click and read about the key games, developers and innovations that shaped the industry’s history. Each key date is complete with a short description, as well as videos, games, and links to further information.

      It is clear that as a result of the ubiquitous digital environment and the sheer volume of their interaction with it, today's students think and process information fundamentally differently from their predecessors. Brendan Alexander points out that "with the proliferation of the internet . . . people [can] play, share, and learn together from thousands of miles away". To give readers an idea of the growth of the Educational Gaming Industry, Alexander provides a link to "The Educational Gaming Industry Timeline". The timeline explores the evolution of overall game-based learning from the year 1967, to the present. In the final section of his blog, Alexander asks readers their thoughts, and invites them to share further examples that would benefit other readers.

    1. Gamification in learning is an established trend, and uses the core elements of what make games fun – mastery, narrative, instant feedback, competition, and reward, to create new ways for learners to internalize information.

      According to Susannah Holz, "gamification" is an emergent approach to learning instruction. It facilitates learning and encourages motivation using game elements and game-based thinking. In this case, the goal may be to increase student effort or simply to convey to students that "games [can] make learning . . . fun and interactive". In addition, Holz references other blogs that deal with gamification and digital game-based learning (DGBL), such as Alex Calhoun's "'Vanished' Teaches Children to Save the Future with Science" and Vicki Davis' "Gamification in Education". In short, this blog seems to explore the relationship between game-based learning experience and learning and related outcomes.

  7. May 2017
    1. Summary: I really like this source because it provides amore in-depth analysis of Fake News Stories than my first article does. This source, just like the other ones I am showing for my annotated bibliography are all educational. (I think going over this again is not imperative.) Assessment: Everything I highlighted in yellow is something I believe might be more tricky to teach/talk to students with Disabilities about. This does not mean they are bad (they are actually great ideas to take in) I just have to think about how one can teach that information. What I highlighted in blue are tips the author said that I really appreciated and believe that a lot of people do not think about. I think people who are educated in a way about the fact that Fake News is out there would like this source. I see people who activley share Fake News everyday and there is no way this source would get them to see that all the news they know of is Fake. They would get really angry. That is why me educating my students about Fake News is so important! I think tis source seems less biased because in "Does teh story attach a generic enemy?" it includes the both the Liberal and Conservative side. Being liberal myself, I have been awre of mostly only Conservative Fake News that attacks liberals. Reflection: This source is a great addition for me because it gives me a more detailed lense through which to examine Fake News. It talks about points that rely on one's emotion as well as the actual writing. It gets to points that may are really important and go beyond the surface of a Fake News article.

  8. Apr 2016
    1. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, is a very informative and objective website. It has no means of being biased. It's purpose is to purely inform people of different services available to them and the details about the devices. It has helped me realize how much assistive technology there is out there for people who need speech services. I'm sure I'll use it in the future other than just for research on this inquiry project.

    2. This website allows readers to understand how assistive technology is used with speech impairment people from all types of backgrounds. It gives us of what assistive devices are and it then gives examples of the devices and the services available.

    1. The opportunities are boundless,

      Wearable are something that I think are huge for the future. This article does an excellent job in showing what some of the features that can be sued with them are. It goes into the health industry and analyzes some of the pros and cons that come with wearables. This will help me in evaluating wearable technology in the more general term other than physical fitness.

    1. cost $175

      While this price may seem high, I think it is a reasonable amount for the features that this band has.

    2. Features

      Some of the features that I think are amazing is the activity tracker, heart rate monitor, and the ambient temperature. Living in Texas the heat here can get dangerous if exposed for too long without proper hydration. Having parents informed to the kind of temperature their kid is exposed to can be very helpful in making sure they are safe.

    3. “My mission in creating this wearable was to come up with a device that would be fashionable and fun for children while allowing their parents to keep a pulse on their safety while they are apart. The Paxie band also tracks activity to encourage healthy and active lifestyles.”

      Not only can wearables be used to tracking fitness and encouraging physical activity, parents can use them to help monitor where their kid is and making sure that are safe and out of harms way. However, making sure that the kids keep these devices on is an obstacle that the parents will have to hurdle.

    1. f our educational village does not address these issues, the digital culture establishes its own direction, potentially pushing a productive, long-term solution further out of reach.

      I think it's very important that boundaries must be set and it should be a requirement to address certain issues so that we can prevent further coming issues.

    2. Vicki Davis, co-founder of Digiteen.org states, “digital citizenship has just come on the radar and it changes rapidly” (personal communication, July 19, 2010). Davis further denotes that digital citizenship will have to be less of an educational program and more of a social action, a student centered approach that becomes part of what students believe (personal communication). In reference to the negative events associated with the K-12 digital usage, Davis states, “this is an opportunity to empower a new generation of students who will stand up and speak out when they see these things happening” (personal communication).
    1. sports teams such as the Boston Celtics and Boston Bruins are supporting the initiative.

      The support of big sports teams in huge in getting the kids motivated and others aware of how effective this program is and in turn maybe getting more youth involved.

    2. will use UNICEF Kid Power fitness bands—which display how many steps they’ve taken and points earned—to monitor their physical activity. Program supporters are then converting the points they accrue into monetary donations toward the purchase of packets of therapeutic food, a specially-designed protein and vitamin-rich peanut paste—for kids in malnourished communities.

      This is what I love about this initiative. Not only is it encouraging youth to participate in more physical activity, it is going to provide malnourished kids with food.

    3. study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that just one-quarter of American youths currently engage in the recommended amount of daily physical activity.

      Having only a quarter of the youth in the nation participating in the recommended amount of physical activity is a reason that I am doing this topic how wearable technology. This should be a much higher percentage.

  9. Nov 2015
    1. Reflection: This was the last piece of the puzzle that i needed. This source is going to really help me get the point across by making this the base of my research. This definitely ties in all the points that i am trying to make about LMS's.

    2. Assessment: This source is useful to me because this will help set a base for my research and will help ground the conversation around LMS'. This source is not a review and it makes it stand out from the rest. It being so different makes it a necessity to have in my final project. This source is meant to inform people about this new software and this new generation.

    3. Analytical Summary: This article talks about what Learning Management Systems are. It talks about the components, advantages, the future of LMS'' and those who use them. The text is very informative but not the overwhelming type.

    1. Reflection: This source is helpful to me because it is geared towards younger kids which is my focus area. Compared to Moodle, this looks so much for kid and user friendly which could be it's own category when i review all of these in comparison with one another.

    2. Assessment: This is a useful source for me and can be very useful for teachers that are trying to figure out what would work best for them and their students. This ties in to the first article that compares all of these. It also goes hand in hand with the Moodle reviews as they are reviews done by people who have worked with the program. This information is reliable but maybe i could find a source that was a little more reliable. The goal of this source is to give people the information they need to know about the software.

    3. Analytical Summary: This source provides a review for Edmodo. This source describes the program, shares a video and creates space for people to comment and review the program. This is definitely intended towards teachers as it provides information needed to decide whether or not this is a good program to be used in the classroom. This is a very informational source for someone who is comparing different programs to one another.

    1. Reflection: This source is very helpful to my project and it will definitely help me take into account the cons about this website from people that use it. Since i cant use Moodle myself, i have to rely on people and their experience with it. This article made me realize that Moodle might be hard to incorporate with younger kids because of how complicated it is.

    2. Assessment: This source is very useful although it might not come form a professional himself. This source is very different from the "20 best learning materials.." due to the fact that this is written by everyday people. I think this source is more objective than it is bias because these people don't have anything to lose by being honest. I think people would like the honesty from other people rather than just hearing about all the great things Moodle offers according to it's website.

    3. Analytic Summary: This is a question and answer kind of deal. This is a forum that dicusess Moodle. I chose this because i wanted to get reviews and opinions from people who actually use this website from a day to day basis. There are other websites that have reviews done by the company itself which are extremely bias. This was very entertaining and informational. Its nice to hear feedback from people that are not getting paid to make a program sound good.

    1. Reflection: This will be the base of my research. I will take the top 4 websites and compare them to each other. 1. Moodle, 2.Edmodo, 3.ConnectEDU and 4.Blackboard.

      This article really broke things up for me by having different categories for each website or software.

    2. Analytic Summary: This article talks about the new LMS software that is out there. It is ranked in different categories such as # of users and top social media followers. This entry seems to be somewhat of a blog or an article. It is published on a website that focuses on LMS's. This seems to be targeted towards teachers and corporations that would like to use/invest in these websites. This is a very visual article as it does a great job at putting information in the form of graphs. This article is meant to educate people on these new trends and these new websites.

    3. About the author: "Christopher Pappas is founder of The eLearning Industry’s Network, which is the largest online community of professionals involved in the eLearning Industry. Christopher holds an MBA, and an MEd (Learning Design) from BGSU. eLearning Blogger | EduTechpreneur | eLearning Analyst | Speaker | Social Media Addict If I can be valuable to you do not hesitate to contact me!"

      Assessment: By taking a look at the authors bio, we can come to the conclusion that he knows what he is talking about. This also means that he might be bias about LMS'. Definitely something to look out for. This source and the author are trying to sell the idea of LMS'. I want to use this source because of the graphs it has. I am a very visual person and this is a great way to put into perspective a lot of information. I think that this article will be viewed very positively when used in my research because of the visuals. (they are more important than we think)

    1. Ultimately it's not about how many apps we integrate, but about providing our students with the best access and opportunities to contemporary learning resources. As educators, we must prepare our students for their future, not ours.

      I find this very interesting; this is how (as a future teacher) I want to think. Being teacher is first for children and their well-being.

      Like the teacher says; this is not about using many tools but few ones in a way of which students are successful at it.

    2. Find applications that promote and strengthen a variety of skill sets for students, not just one or two

      I think the main difficulty remains this : find something that match for everyone because every child has specific needs, a different way of learn. Also, find an app for a whole class may sometimes be complicated.

    3. it's still vital that we promote and encourage a love of reading across all formats

      This value is interesting because as student, I love read but I wouldn't read a book on a screen. Read is with a book; we turn page after page.

    4. Teaching students how to balance technology usage along with offline socializing and interpersonal skills is essential

      I totally agree with that. Technologies must not be too present in students' schooling. This is important to find a balance.

    5. We have to multitask, connect beyond the workday, and collaborate and connect both locally and globally

      Even if the integration of technologies has made its proofs, it's still true that this is something really which is "time consuming", especially for teachers who try to adapt their class to these new literacies.

    6. technology is already integrated in nearly everything we do and nearly every job our students will encounter

      I think this is important to integrate technologies in schools because in a way or another one students will discover technologies. Also, the point is to educate them to use technologies intelligently : how to improve their skills, the possible dangers for example.

    1. 13 September 2013

      This article has been written in 2013, 2 years ago. Also, we can say technologies had time since 2013 to improve students' skills. More teachers may had the chance to introduce technologies in their classroom too.

      Another important point is that 2 years ago, this new way of learning was already a success for lots of teachers and parents.

    2. how teachers and parents feel about technology in the classroom

      Right after we can see few numbers about teachers and parents feel about it.

    3. increase their creativity as well as technical skills

      I think this is interesting because it push students to go further the class' content ; learn something on their own and also develop their Learning Environment.

    1. Since this website is a compilation of different users videos it would be important for me as a teacher to check if the video source is credible for my students before linking it to my own website. But the videos that HippoCampus has retrieved are from good sources such as Khan Academy or Phoenix College Collection.

    2. The only thing that i feel this site lacks is written instruction. It has all the video and audio components, so it would be a beneficial resource for my website, but I feel like it can only be an additional site. This is not the type of site than can stand on its own to power a curriculum or entire lesson. It definitely is beneficial to boost a lesson and give it a new perspective and additional instruction on.

    3. Algebra I--An Open Course (2011)

      This table takes you step by step through each lesson through out the course of the year. So it would definitely be a useful for resource for multiple lessons.

    4. Khan Academy Collection

      The interesting thing about this website is that it takes a collection of different videos and combines them into this table of contents.

    5. Algebra I--An Open Course (2011) Developmental Math - Beginning Algebra Developmental Math - Intermediate Algebra Developmental Math - Geometry

      This a fantastic resource to have a link to within my website for my students. Not only can i link my students to the specific video that they can add to the lesson, they can also use this website for future math courses. This is a great resource to have for any students that struggle with math throughout their time in high school or beyond.

    1. This website is a credible source and is valid information that can be cross referenced with any algebra 1 textbook.

    2. Discovering expressions, equations and functions > Expressions and variables > Operations in the right order > Composing expressions > Composing equations and inequalities > Representing functions as rules and graphs Exploring real numbers > Integers and rational numbers > Calculating with real numbers > The Distributive property > Square roots How to solve linear equations > Properties of equalities > Fundamentals in solving equations in one or more steps > Ratios and proportions and how to solve them > Similar figures > Calculating with percents Visualizing linear functions > The coordinate plane > Linear equations in the coordinate plane > The slope of a linear function > The slope-intercept form of a linear equation Formulating linear equations > Writing linear equations using the slope-intercept form > Writing linear equations using the point-slope form and the standard form > Parallel and perpendicular lines > Scatter plots and linear models Linear inequalitites > Solving linear inequalities > Solving compound inequalities > Solving absolute value equations and inequalities > Linear inequalities in two variables Systems of linear equations and inequalities > Graphing linear systems > The substitution method for solving linear systems > The elimination method for solving linear systems > Systems of linear inequalities Exponents and exponential functions > Properties of exponents > Scientific notation > Exponential growth functions Factoring and polynomials > Monomials and polynomials > Special products of polynomials > Polynomial equations in factored form > Factor polynomials on the form of x^2 + bx + c > Factor polynomials on the form of ax^2 + bx +c Quadratic equations > The graph of y = ax^2 + bx + c > Use graphing to solve quadratic equations > Completing the square > The quadratic formula Radical expressions > The graph of a radical function > Simplify radical expressions > Radical equations > The Pythagorean Theorem > The distance and midpoint formulas Rational expressions

      Having the organization of this side bar is something that i want to apply to my own site because it allows the students to know where each additional lesson is without to much of a hassle.

    3. Having a video tutorial is extremely helpful because it allows for visual learners to be able to see the problem be worked out step by step and listen to the instruction.

    4. Math Planet is a good resource because it gives multiple examples on the given topic. This allows for students to see more examples than just in class lectures.

    5. Home FAQ Courses News About

      Unlike Mr. Marcos page, Math Planet is much easier to read and find helpful information. It is helpful to note that Math Planet is for multiple subjects instead of just one classroom. But the tabs at the top of the page are something that I would implement in my website to help the look of the site so that students would not be turned off by it and not use the website because of the clutter.

    1. Also, when introducing new things to the classroom, the most important thing to keep in mind are the students!

      I totally agree with that because it should be in mind of every teacher.

    2. ethics and safety

      Using technologies is a good idea to improve class and students' learning but we can't forget the dangers we can find on Internet.

    3. Education

      At the beginning of the article, we learn in which category this article can be found.

    4. ICT

      ICT stands for "Information and Communication and Technologies" and it is defined as “diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.” (definition from wikibook)

    5. she’s spent years tweaking and re-purposing technology to create innovative, constructive and fun learning environments for her pupils.

      I found this sentence really interesting, because I think this is the aim for a teacher : enhance class, help students just like it described.

    6. Teaching is refocusing on skills

      I totally agree with that ! Be a teacher is reinventing yourself every year to be in agreement children's needs.

    7. It is important to remember though that there are still students who do not like engaging with technology

      I think the point here is to know why they don't like work with technology : is it inconvenient ? is it too expensive ? The why matters, especially because schools are going toward a classroom with more technologies and it is important that every student feels comfortable with it.

    8. they are able to make with the outside world

      This is an important point. Using technologies at school is not "just for fun". It push students to go further : make connections, learn more, find more information.

    9. enhance learning

      I think it should be what really matters. Be teacher is for kids, not for ourselves. We have to be present and helpful for them, to help our students.

      It should not be a question of time.

    10. it should complement and grow your practice

      The way of teaching can't be different from a day to another one. It has already evolve. Teachers need time to adapt their class with technologies pratices.

    11. then they usually get excited about it

      Also, the all point point would be to iniate teachers to different technologies, not only one.

    12. ‘another thing to learn’

      I think something may be a problem is that lots of teachers never learn to teach with technologies but only the traditional way : books and pen. Also, I think it would be judicious for teachers who are not comfortable with technologies a kind of training.

      How could they help children with technologies if they also are struggling with it ?

    1. In the past, I used this sheet as a template and placed it in a clear plastic sleeve, so students could use a dry-erase marker and re-use the “mat” for various relations, erasing and starting fresh each time. I now have iPads for every student, so I have used the PDF file in apps that allow students to annotate the “mat” and save each relation we walk through. A simple way to address multiple representations and reinforce key vocabulary!

      With one to one ipads for every student it allows the economically friendly use of graphs to be taken to a new level. Filling in graphs and charts with while still using your fingers to draw in the information I think is in important thing to have to benefit different types of learners(visual, kinesthetic...)

    2. These have always been a big hit with students!  Allow students to work in pairs or small groups to encourage math conversation as well as fluency for these basic skills.  Consider laminating and making an interactive bulletin board.  Fun with adult learners too!  The goal is a BIG HUGE 4-by-4 puzzle such that every edge is touching an equivalent value.

      Not only bring technology in the classroom, Yenca is coming up with other ideas for hands on activities that can help get the students more involved in the lesson for the day.

    3. Brain research supports that students benefit from being taught differences. “Focusing on and practicing differences gives learners the warnings and cues they need to identify them correctly in the future,” stated Carolyn Williamson in her session on the brain at a recent NCTM conference.

      This quote definitely gives Cathy Yenca credibility because she is quoting a fairy important speaker and she is using her to back up her own teaching style.

    4. am excited to say that I teach in a one-to-one iPad classroom, and have committed to blog about my experiences.  Here is one of my first attempts to use QR codes in my classroom!  This free “apptivity” guides students through various apps on the iPad while engaging them in a problem-solving situation.  QR codes, directions, and teacher notes are included.  Students first scan one of five QR codes, and are guided to annotate a PDF file linked to the code, which helps structure the process of setting up and solving a simple equation.  

      Since technology is becoming more and more advanced it is important to keep up to date with not only the technology itself but to keep tabs on other educators who have tried different techniques in the classroom so that we as educators are not making mistakes that someone else has already made. By checking other teacher's blogs i can benefit my own classroom by understanding what has worked for other students across the nation.

    5. This is another teacher blog that can be a hge resource for me as an educator. By being able to take Cathy Yenca's ideas and implement them into my own classroom I can help beneift my students. She has a lot of resources that I can use as a boost to help my students get through some of the more difficult curriculum.

    1. math interactives

      This math interactive tab is something that I could use in the classroom easily. It allows for the student to be able to interact wth difficult math problems that a teacher can not simply do with only a textbook and a chalkboard. It gives the student a chance to play with graphs and numbers to create what they need to help them understand the solution to a problem, or to help them prove a solution to a problem.

    2. When clicking on the links to take you into specific math courses it is extremely helpful. This website has many examples of the lesson and then it gives the user step by step information on how the problem should be solved.

    3. Latest articles

      Also it has updating articles on difficult math problems that could be fun to discuss in the classroom so that the students could understand more difficult equations without it just being in the textbook.

    4. Higher Calculus

      This is also a site that can not only be used for lower math classes in High school, it is a site that can be used as a resource as students graduate and go to college because it has helpful tools to help with higher math courses such as calculus.

    5. Explore math Use interactive apps to explore math and get a better understanding of what it all means. Go ahead - play and learn!

      This is definitely a site that can help boost my classroom and make math more interactive. So i could easily use this site in or out of the classroom to help my students better understand the use of algebra techniques. Different examples of graphs can be used to help explain a lesson or they can be used to help understand the homework more fully.

    1. Seph can focus on his schoolwork because he isn’t scoping out the rest of his class when he should be concentrating, she says. He isn’t anxious about being called on by the teacher and looking dumb in class. Now when he answers a question during a live virtual class, only the teacher sees what he says.

      I believe that this is a strong piece of information that convinces me that an e-learning environment or that extra online help for students shows a positive outcome. I would like to use this source as part of my project because I feel it fits it great with it. It shows good examples of real life people who have used this type of learning and it has been a huge benefit. Students are able to get that extra help without being overwhelmed to ask in class if that is the situation as well as being able to interact with their peers online. Even though social skills are extremely important, this gives them reassurance that what they want to say or what they are doing makes sense.

    1. I really like the structure and organization of this teacher's page. She includes other aspects of what I want to include in my blog. She shows everyone how her classroom looks like and things she sets up. She also includes the current activities she is doing with her students. This is also what I would like to add because that is where the parents come in and get involved in their child's schooling. Because her page is well organized, it is easy to go through and access different tabs at the top. It really is a resource room where you can learn about all different kinds of things. It is useful for a regular classroom as well but can also be applied to a special needs classroom.

    1. I really like this website as a resource for my project because it lists iPad Apps for children with special needs. This is something I would also like to incorporate into my website. This will help students access these at home for extra help or fun learning. Parents will be able to see these apps and can try them out to see if they can suite their child. I feel that the parent, student, and teacher interaction is very important for the success of students. These apps will not only aid them but also expand their learning outside of the classroom if possible.

    1. * Students benefit from the availability of instructional resources. Having instructional PowerPoints, wikis, and other resources available just-in-time was one of the primary reported benefits of virtual instruction.

      I really love that this page mentions this because it is exactly what I would like to have on my website. This page not only tells you what is beneficial but also includes the external sources where you can go and learn more about. It tells me exactly what I had planned to find. It says how useful these types of learnings can be for students with special needs. This will be useful for me because if I need more sources or more information for my webpage once I start to build it, it will benefit me. It is like having one sources with many more within them. I will continue to look into these sources that are available and see what else I can use.

    1. I feel that she will be very beneficial to my project because her website is somewhat of a model of what I would like to do for my students. She includes a "Common Core Resources" tab that she organizes very neatly and includes different website where students can go to get more practice for state exams. I would like to do this as well but also include extra homework help and materials to assist them even further.

    1. Unlike Mr. Marcos page, Math Planet is much easier to read and find helpful information. It is helpful to note that Math Planet is for multiple subjects instead of just one classroom. But the tabs at the top of the page are something that I would implement in my website to help the look of the site so that students would not be turned off by it and not use the website because of the clutter.

  10. Oct 2015
    1. About me: It is clear to see that she has had experience with both 5th and 6th graders. Definitely someone i want to come in contact with!

    2. Math: Technology and Manipulatives!!!!

      She managed to use pen and paper, models and technology to get through a lesson. TALENT

    3. Using iPads with a science lesson

      It is fun to see her incorporating technology into her classroom by using ipads. This gives makes me feel like she would be a good person to turn to as she has had experience with different types of technology in her classroom.

    1. This does however have many useful things that I want to be able to apply to my own site. For instance this tab is specifically for students and parents to find various links.

    2. This seems extremely cluttered to me. As a user it turns me off to the idea of trying to find what information I need from this website.

    3. Mr. Marcos seems like a credible source and through some digging you can find where he teaches and some of his research opportunities.

    4. His page is something i would like to base mine off of but I want mine to be more organized. I think that he is lacking a professional view. Everything is very scattered and it is difficult to find information.

    5. Presented a Ted Talk which is impressive.