14 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2019
    1. Essay

      I'm really glad she thought women should write as they spoke, rather than with an inflated style. If this first sentence is plainspeak, I'm not sure I could handle much verbosity.

    2. Alas, Human Knowledge is al best defective. and always pro­gressive.

      I'm struck by how much this statement rejects Locke's idea that simple ideas and concepts were related to universal ideals which all humans understood. Here Astell notes that our knowledge "is at best defective," a move that seems almost fatalistic if not for the additional qualifier of "always progressive." So we'll never know everything (or anything) perfectly (whatever that means), but you can still grow in knowledge.

    1. prejudices

      Prejudices come back again--Hume, Vico, Astell...those are three that in recent memory have used this word (or the intros to them did).

      Is it possible to have the situation that Sheridan refers to here, one without prejudice entirely? Even in a new subject, couldn't one jump to conclusions or make assumptions about (to pre-judge) it?

    2. it is in itself, a manner of communication entirely diflercnt, and utterly independent of the other

      Complete opposite of Astell's claim on the lack of "material" difference between speaking and writing

  2. Apr 2017
    1. ornaments
    2. rhetoric, the art of fine speaking, is all show, grounded in nothing but its own empty preten-sions, unsupported by any relation to truth.
    3. That is, he draws attention to his appearance, to his surface, and the suggestion of superficiality (a word to be understood in its literal meaning) extends to the word "act"; that is, that which can be seen.
  3. Mar 2017
    1. Also showing Lamy's inllucncc is Astcll'!. view that one needs little stylistic ornament because people arc naturally attracted to truth if they can sec it clearly.

      You shouldn't need to wear too much makeup/use too much rhetoric, you are naturally beautiful/telling the truth.

      Would I be wrong in assuming that she expects the reader to use rhetoric strictly for noble purposes?

  4. Feb 2017
    1. that woman may occasionally be brought out of the ordinary sphere of action, and occupy in ci~ lher church or slate positions of.high responsibil-il y; and if, in the orderings of providence, it so occur, the God of providence will enable her lo meet the emergency with becoming dignity, wis-dom, and womanly grace.

      It seems like Palmer holds a view somewhere between Astell and Grimke, in that women have appropriate spheres in which to "act," but that sometimes God will allow women to "be brought out of the ordinary sphere of action" in order to do His will. The fact that God approves this allows women to keep their "womanly grace".

    1. Not content with these opportunities to address her community in print, unusual and somewhat undecorous as they were for an early-nineteenth-century woman, Stewart began, in 1832, to give public speeches on the issues that con·

      Opposite of Astell, who said that women should not speak publicly and should instead speak in "appropriate spheres".

    1. substance

      I suppose Astell would allow a little style and effect, as long as the substance was true.

    2. , including some works in Latin am.I Greek. Composition in the vernacular replaced Latin composition throughout the Continent, and Latin dis~ appeared almost completely from the public primary schools.