656 Matching Annotations
  1. Apr 2024
    1. Wechsler Adult lntelligence Scale (WAIS) is the most widely used intelligence test for adults
    2. Intelligence Quotient (IQ), a measure of intelligence that is adjusted for age.
    3. mental age, which is the age at which a person is performing intellectually
    4. The Flynn effect refers to the observation that scores on intelligence tests worldwide have increased substantially over the past decades
    5. standardization of a test involves giving it to a large number of people at different ages and computing the average score on the test at each age level.

      does this account for kid's different abilities?

    1. autistic savants, people who score low on intelligence tests overall but who nevertheless may have exceptional skills in a given domain, such as math, music, art, or in being able to recite statistics in a given sport
    2. Convergent Thinking, thinking that is directed toward finding the correct answer to a given problem, are different from those associated with Divergent Thinking, the ability to generate many different ideas or solutions to a single problem
    3. Creative Intelligence, the ability to adapt to new situations and create new ideas, and/or Practical Intelligence, the ability to demonstrate common sense and street- smarts.
    4. Analytical Intelligence, academic problem solving and performing calculations, but that they do not typically assess
    5. Triarchic (three-part) Theory of Intelligence that proposes that people may display more or less analytical intelligence, creative intelligence, and practical intelligence. Sternberg
    6. Specific Intelligence “s”, a measure of specific skills in narrow domains.
    7. the construct that the different abilities and skills measured on intelligence tests have in common the General Intelligence Factor (g).
    1. articulation disorder refers to the inability to correctly produce speech sounds (phonemes) because of imprecise placement, timing, pressure, speed, or flow of movement of the lips, tongue, or throat
    2. Stuttering is a speech disorder in which sounds, syllables, or words are repeated or last longer than normal.
    1. Critical thinking, or a detailed examination of beliefs, courses of action, and evidence, involves teaching children how to think. The purpose of critical thinking is to evaluate information in ways that help us make informed decisions.
    2. Metacognition refers to the knowledge we have about our own thinking and our ability to use this awareness to regulate our own cognitive processes
    3. nowledge base, knowledge in particular areas that makes learning new information easier, expands
    4. utilization deficiency refers to a child using an appropriate strategy, but it fails to aid their performance.
    5. In a production deficiency the child does not spontaneously use a memory strategy, and has to be prompted to do so
    6. mediation deficiency occurs when a child does not grasp the strategy being taught, and thus, does not benefit from its use.
    1. The child uses Inductive Reasoning, which is a logical process in which multiple premises believed to be true are combined to obtain a specific conclusion
    2. Concrete Operational Stage of cognitive development (Crain, 2005). This involves mastering the use of logic in concrete ways.
    1. BMI is at or above the 85th percentile for their age are considered overweight, while children who are at or above the 95th percentile are considered obese
    2. Body Mass Index (BMI) which expresses the relationship of height to weight.
    1. sexual abuse is defined as any sexual contact between a child and an adult or a much older child. Incest refers to sexual contact between a child and family members.
    2. Child Abuse and Neglect as: Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm
    1. children develop their own conceptions of the attributes associated with maleness or femaleness which is referred to as Gender Schemas
    2. Gender Roles, or the expectations associated with being male or female, are learned in one’s culture throughout childhood and into adulthood
    3. This self-identification based on a continuum from male to female is known as Gender Identity.
    1. response initiation, the ability to not initiate a behavior before you have evaluated all of the information, response inhibition, the ability to stop a behavior that has already begun, and delayed gratification, the ability to hold out for a larger reward by forgoing a smaller immediate reward
    2. This focus on external qualities is referred to as the categorical self.
    3. Self-concept is our self-description according to various categories, such as our external and internal qualities. In contrast, self- esteem is an evaluative judgment about who we are.
    1. Theory of mind refers to the ability to think about other people’s thoughts. This mental mind reading helps humans to understand and predict the reactions of others, thus playing a crucial role in social development.
    2. Theory-Theory is the tendency of children to generate theories to explain everything they encounter. This concept implies that humans are naturally inclined to find reasons and generate explanations for why things occur.
  2. socialsci.libretexts.org socialsci.libretexts.org
    1. autobiographical memory, or our personal narrative. As you may recall in Chapter 3 the concept of infantile amnesia was introduced
    2. episodic memories are tied to specific events in time.
    3. Semantic memories are memories for facts and knowledge that are not tied to a timeline,
    4. Non-declarative memories, sometimes referred to as implicit memories, are typically automated skills that do not require conscious recollection.
    5. Declarative memories, sometimes referred to as explicit memories, are memories for facts or events that we can consciously recollect.
    6. long-term memory, which is also known as permanent memory. A basic division of long-term memory is between declarative and non-declarative memory
    7. clustering rehearsal, the person rehearses previous material while adding in additional information. If a list of words is read out loud to you, you are likely to rehearse each word as you hear it along with any previous words you were given
    8. Executive function (EF) refers to self-regulatory processes, such as the ability to inhibit a behavior or cognitive flexibility, that enable adaptive responses to new situations or to reach a specific goal.
    9. working memory. Working memory is the component of memory in which current conscious mental activity occurs. Working memory often requires conscious effort and adequate use of attention to function effectively
    10. Sensory memory (also called the sensory register) is the first stage of the memory system, and it stores sensory input in its raw form for a very brief duration; essentially long enough for the brain to register and start processing the information
    1. sustained attention, or the ability to stay on task for long periods of time.
    2. our ability to focus on a single task or stimulus, while ignoring distracting information, called selective attention
    3. he ability to switch our focus between tasks or external stimuli is called divided attention or multitasking
    1. As children learn to think in words, they do so aloud before eventually closing their lips and engaging in Private Speech or inner speech.
    2. Egocentric Speech or a practice engaged in because of a child’s inability to see things from another’s point of view.
    3. Scaffolding is the temporary support that parents or teachers give a child to do a task.
  3. Mar 2024
    1. This game allows you to escape into a peaceful rural setting where the rhythmic tasks of farming provide a soothing break from the stresses of the real world.

      With this game, you can take a relaxing break from the concerns of the outside world and enter a peaceful setting where the repetitive activities of farming serve as a calming distraction.

    2. Online gaming has emerged as a surprisingly effective method of stress relief, offering an accessible escape into worlds where challenges are enjoyable and victories are rewarding.

      Online gaming has shown to be a very effective way to relieve stress because it provides an easily accessible go into virtual worlds with pleasant tasks and satisfying rewards for winning.

    1. instructed continuously aboutthe political necessity of the measures.
    2. spiritual care of the men who participate in thisaction

      they know that this is going to tank the soldiers mental health and are already preparing to bolster morale

    3. The battalion arrived in Bialystok on July 5, and two days laterwas ordered to carry out a "thorough search of the city , , , forBolshevik commissars and Communists," The war diary entry of,the following day makes clear what this meant: "a search of theJewish quarter,"
  4. Dec 2023
    1. 仔細聽就可以知道他們講的地地道道的「北京話」和我們所說的「國語」也不是兩回事。當「國語」剩下煮、煨、燉、煎、炒、炸這些「大方向」的動作時,他們還會使用焯、飛水、燒、打沫、擼之類的詞。顏色都還會用棗紅、糖紅、碧綠、翠綠來區分,黏不只黏,還黏糊;顫不只顫,還顫悠。「北京話」和「國語」差異絕對不只兒化音和捲舌問題。問題關鍵當然是在為了方便推行「國語」,人工的、製造的國語便少了很多生活或細節的部份。寫作文章差別愈顯明。平平寫「中文」,「國語」和「北京話」的豐富程度天差地,欲寫贏中國人,真僫。這時台語優勢就出來矣。和北京話仝款,閣保留誠濟用詞幼路的所在,親像炕、燖、煏、𠞭。最近台語文書寫的作家增加也是按呢,使用生活語言寫作,才有可能寫愈好。


      北京話 >> 普通話, 臺語 >> 國語

  5. Nov 2023
  6. Oct 2023
    1. . If you’re asleep you may not wake up, but your body is still responding if you hear a loud sound,” says Stansfeld.

      If you’re asleep you may not wake up, but your body is still responding if you hear a hight sound,” says Stansfeld

    2. Josi Livingston, a developer at a technology startup in London, often uses the silencing feature to block out office chatter while she’s coding, but likes how she can still hear if someone talks to her.

      Josi Livingston, a developer at a technology startup in London, often uses the silencing advantage to block out office chatter while she’s coding, but likes how she can still hear if someone talks to her.

    1. Description: The European Language Social Science Thesaurus (ELSST) is a broad-based, multilingual thesaurus for the social sciences. It is owned and published by the Consortium of European Social Science Data Archives (CESSDA) and its national Service Providers. The thesaurus consists of over 3,000 concepts and covers the core social science disciplines: politics, sociology, economics, education, law, crime, demography, health, employment, information and communication technology and, increasingly, environmental science.

    1. Father emptied a card le for Margot and me and lled it withindex cards that are blank on one side. This is to become ourreading le, in which Margot and I are supposed to note down thebooks we’ve read, the author and the date. I’ve learned two newwords: “brothel” and “coquette.” I’ve bought a separate notebookfor new words.

      —Anne Frank (1929-1945), diary entry dated Saturday, February 27, 1943 (age 13)

      Anne Frank was given an empty card file by her father who filled it with index cards that were blank on one side. They were intended to use it as a "reading file" in which she and Margot were "supposed to note down the books we've read, the author and the date."

      In the same entry she mentioned that she'd bought a separate notebook for writing down new words she encountered. Recent words she mentions encountering were "brothel" and "coquette".

  7. Sep 2023
  8. Jun 2023
    1. transgressors

      a person who breaks a law or moral rule:

    2. defiantly

      in a way that proudly refuses to obey authority 對抗地;對立地;違抗地

    3. misdeeds

      an act that is criminal or bad 違法行為;罪行;不端行為

    4. covenant

      a formal agreement or promise between two or more people盟約;契約;協定;承諾

    5. intercourse

      the act of having sex 性交,交媾

    6. caravans

      a wheeled vehicle for living or travelling in, especially for holidays, that contains beds and cooking equipment and can be pulled by a car (尤指度假時使用,由汽車拖曳的)宿營拖車,旅行拖車

    7. conjure

      to make something appear by magic, or as if by magic 變戲法;用魔法變出;像變魔術般變出

    8. herdsman

      a man who takes care of a large group of animals of the same type 放牧人

    9. fawned

      If an animal such as a dog fawns on/upon you, it is very friendly towards you and rubs itself against you.(狗等動物)向…搖尾乞憐

    10. enchantment

      a feeling of great pleasure and attraction, especially because something is very beautiful 陶醉,入迷

    11. stern

      severe, or showing disapproval 嚴厲的,苛刻的

    12. moult

      (of a bird or animal) to lose feathers, skin, or hair as a natural process at a particular time of year so that new feathers, skin, or hair can grow (鳥或動物)脫毛;褪皮;換羽

    13. plumes

      a large feather 羽毛,翎

    14. vapors

      gas or extremely small drops of liquid that result from the heating of a liquid or solid 蒸氣;霧氣

    15. zenith

      the best or most successful point or time 頂峰;鼎盛時期

    16. countenance

      the appearance or expression of someone's face 面容;臉色;面部表情

    17. gaily

      happily or brightly 歡樂地,喜氣洋洋地;閃亮地,明亮地

    18. mottled

      covered with areas of different colours that do not form a regular pattern 雜色的;斑駁的

    19. elapsed

      If time elapses, it goes past.(時間)流逝,過去

    20. pierced

      to go into or through something, making a hole in it using a sharp point 刺穿,刺透,刺破

    21. slumbe


    22. rebuke

      to speak angrily to someone because you disapprove of what they have said or done 斥責;指責;訓斥

    23. ensue

      to happen after something else, especially as a result of it (尤指作爲結果而)接著發生,繼而發生,因而産生

    24. vouchsafed

      to tell or give something to someone 告知;提供;給予

    25. piazza

      especially in Italy, an open area with a hard surface in a town, especially where there is no traffic (尤指義大利城鎮中無車輛行駛的)露天廣場

    26. sundry

      several different; various 幾個不同的;各種各樣的

  9. May 2023
    1. ingenuity

      skill or cleverness in devising or combining 聰明才智

    2. Licentiate

      中文翻譯:取得執照, meaning: "a person who has a license granted especially by a university to practice a profession."

    3. vanquish

      overcome or defeated in battle or in a conflict or contest 征服

    4. divinity

      the quality or state of being godlike 神性

    5. chivalry

      中文翻譯:騎士精神, meaning: "a code of conduct with medieval knighthood and the ideals of medieval knights." Synonym: Knightliness, Gallantry, Nobility.

    6. conceits

      excessive appreciation of one's own worth or virtue 自負

    7. aptly

      中文翻譯:恰當地, meaning: "in a way that is fitting or appropriate in conditions." Synonym: accordingly, duly, judiciously.

    8. harangue

      中文翻譯:長篇大論, meaning: "a lengthy and forceful speech or verbal attack." Synonym: Tirade, Diatribe, Rant.

    9. lucidity

      clearness of thought or style 清晰明瞭

    10. credulous

      ready to believe especially on slight or uncertain evidence

    11. Personages

      a person of rank, note, or distinction.

    12. misshapen

      having an ugly or deformed shape 畸形

    13. stealth

      a cautious, unobtrusive, and secretive way of moving or proceeding intended to avoid detection

    14. ordained

      to establish or order by appointment, decree, or law

    15. conspiracy

      to join in a secret agreement to do an unlawful or wrongful act or an act which becomes unlawful as a result of the secret agreement 陰謀

    16. institute

      to originate and get established 建立

    17. mutual

      Having the same feelings one for the other. 共同的、相互的。

  10. Apr 2023
    1. Transactional engagement is most easily described as customers using your product because they were prompted to do so. So, if I go to Facebook to see the photo my friend tagged me in — that is transactional engagement. Being endorsed on LinkedIn would also be an example of transactional engagement. Email and push notifications are the two most common channels of transactional engagement.
    2. Organic engagement is most easily described as customers using your product without being prompted.
    1. you fort

      adj. free from ambiguity or evasiveness : going straight to the point

    2. , leaving h

      adj. cheerless, dejected, downcast

    3. suffering

      n. the state of being interfered with, held back, or slowed down : the state of being hindered

    4. e, studi

      Adj. assiduous in the pursuit of learning

    5. h a tran

      n. The act of exulting : the state of being exultant

    1. I often play product therapist

      Boy, I think I might just have to steal this term lol.

  11. Mar 2023
    1. squire

      in the past in England, a man who owned most of the land around a village (舊時英格蘭的)鄉紳,大地主

    2. enmity

      a feeling of hate仇恨,怨恨;敵意

    3. sonorous

      having a deep, pleasant sound (聲音)渾厚的

    4. curate

      a priest of the lowest rank, especially in the Church of England, whose job is to help the vicar (= priest of a particular area) (尤指英國國教會的)助理牧師

    5. mutton

      the meat from a goat or sheep eaten as food 羊肉,山羊肉

    6. convent

      a building in which nuns (= members of a female religious order) live 女修道院

    7. thereupon

      immediately after something that is mentioned 隨即,立即

    8. hereafter

      starting from this time; in the future 此後,今後

    9. peremptory

      expecting to be obeyed immediately and without asking questions 不容置辯的;專橫的,霸道的

    1. abstinence

      not doing something, such as drinking alcohol or having sex 節制;戒絕

    2. meek

      quiet, gentle, and not willing to argue or express your opinions in a forceful way 溫順的;謙和的

    3. solicit

      to ask someone for money, information, or help 請求,索求,乞求

    4. countenance

      the appearance or expression of someone's face面容;臉色;面部表情

    5. enamoured

      liking something a lot 喜愛的;迷戀的

    6. repose

      to rest or lie 休息;憩息;臥眠

    7. therefrom

      from that or from there; from a thing or place that has been previously mentioned 由此;從那裡;從那一點

    8. thereupon

      on the thing that has been mentioned 關於那,就該事

    9. clad

      (of people) dressed, or (of things) covered 穿…衣服的;覆蓋著…的

    10. befall

      If something bad or dangerous befalls you, it happens to you. (壞事)降臨(於)

    11. gazelle

      an African or Asian mammal with hoofs and large eyes that moves quickly and lightly 羚羊

    12. falsehood

      an untrue statement : LIE

    13. repents

      to turn from sin and dedicate oneself to the amendment of one's life

    14. chaste

      innocent of unlawful sexual intercourse

    15. transgress

      to violate a command or law : SIN

    1. lyre

      a stringed instrument of the harp class having an approximately U-shaped frame and used by the ancient Greeks especially to accompany song and recitation (https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lyre) 古希臘的七弦豎琴

    2. stratagems,

      an artifice or trick in war for deceiving and outwitting the enemy (https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stratagem) 計謀、詭計、策略、戰略

    3. valiant

      英勇possessing or acting with bravery or boldness

    4. choirs

      有組織的歌唱團(如在教堂禮拜中)an organized company of singers (as in a church service)

    5. haul

      通過拉動或拉動使(某物)移動:施加牽引力to cause (something) to move by pulling or drawing : to exert traction on

    6. spacious

      規模大或宏偉large or magnificent in scale

    7. breach

      打破慣有的友好關係a break in accustomed friendly relations

    8. undaunted

      無所畏懼 Courageously resolute especially in the face of danger or difficulty

    9. Transfix’d

      刺穿 To pierce through with or as if with a pointed weapon

    10. spleen

      突然的衝動或心血來潮 A sudden impulse or whim

    11. haughty

      傲慢 Having or showing an attitude of superiority and contempt for people or things perceived to be inferior

    12. disdain’d

      a feeling of contempt for someone or something regarded as unworthy or inferior 蔑視

    1. "The air you breathe, the job you have, the income and social connections you have, are a much larger driver of health outcomes than how many primary care visits or surgeries you get access to as a patient," Boozary says.

      "The air you respire the function you have, the revenue and social communication you have, are a much larger driver of health outcomes than how many basic care visits or surgeries you get access to as sufferer ," Boozary says.

  12. drive.google.com drive.google.com
    1. persecute

      迫害 (v.) to treat someone unfairly or cruelly over a long period of time because of their race, religion, or political beliefs, or to annoy someone by refusing to leave them alone

    2. '>pat

      吐 to eject (something) from the mouth

    3. mantle

      斗篷 a figurative cloak symbolizing preeminence or authority

    4. batt;.1lion

      營 a military unit composed of a headquarters and two or more companies, batteries, or similar units

    5. flogged

      鞭打 to beat with or as if with a rod or whip

    6. counsel

      協商 guarded thoughts or intentions

    7. gnac,hing

      咬牙切齒 to strike or grind (the teeth) together

    8. leaven

      酵 a substance (such as yeast) used to produce fermentation in dough or a liquid especially

    9. mustard

      芥末 a pungent yellow condiment consisting of the pulverized seeds of various mustard plants (such as Sinapis alba, Brassica juncea, and B. nigra) either dry or made into a paste or sauce (as by mixing with water or vinegar) and sometimes adulterated with other substances (such as turmeric) or mixed with spices

    10. granary

      糧倉 a storehouse for threshed grain

    11. darncl

      幾種通常多雜草的黑麥草(黑麥草屬)中的任何一種 any of several usually weedy ryegrasses (genus Lolium)

    12. parched

      因乾燥而皺縮 to become dry or scorched

    13. thistles

      薊 any of various prickly composite plants (especially genera Carduus, Cirsium, and Onopordum) with often showy heads of mostly tubular flowers

    14. ra\ening

      貪吃 to feed greedily

    15. rend

      撕裂 to perform an act of tearing or splitting

    16. toii

      辛勞 long strenuous fatiguing labor

    17. mammc~n

      財神爺 material wealth or possessions especially as having a debasing influence

    18. sco" I

      皺眉頭 to contract the brow in an expression of displeasure

    19. synagogues

      猶太教堂 the house of worship and communal center of a Jewish congregation

    20. recompense

      補償 to return in kind

    21. porter

      搬運工 a person who carries burdens

    22. harlotry

      淫亂 sexual profligacy

    23. amiss

      通過踩踏來壓碎、傷害或毀壞 to crush, injure, or destroy by or as if by treading

    24. tramp l ed

      通過踩踏來壓碎、傷害或毀壞 to crush, injure, or destroy by or as if by treading

    25. pigeons

      廣泛分佈的鳥類科(鴿科,鴿形目)中的任何一種,具有粗壯的身體、相當短的腿和光滑緊湊的羽毛 any of a widely distributed family (Columbidae, order Columbiformes) of birds with a stout body, rather short legs, and smooth and compact plumage

    26. census

      古羅馬用於人口統計的量詞 a count of the population and a property evaluation in early Rome

    27. decree

      an order usually having the force of law 有法律效力的命令

    28. guile

      詭計 trick

    29. resurrection

      1.the rising of Christ from the dead 2.the rising again to life of all the human dead before the final judgement 3.the state of one risen from the dead


    30. tombs

      An excavation in which a corpse is buried. 墓穴

    31. \eil

      A length of cloth worn by women as a covering for the head and shoulders and often especially in Eastern countries for the face. 面紗

    32. abusivcl)

      Using or involving physical violence or emotional cruelty. 爛用地、辱罵地、虐待地

    33. blasphemed

      To speak in way that shows irreverence for God or something sacred 褻瀆

    34. gall

      Something bitter to endure 膽汁、苦味

    35. crucified

      To put to death by nailing or binding the wrists or hands and feet to a cross 釘在十字架上

    36. malice

      Desire to cause pain, injury, or distress to another. 怨恨、惡意