- Aug 2020
Jarynowski, A., & Płatek, D. (2020). Could Ramadan catalyze or inhibit SARS-CoV-2 spread? Preliminary results [Preprint]. SocArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31235/osf.io/725dv
- time series
- positive link
- mitigation measure
- case increase
- extended family
- worship site
- short-term effect
- contact rate
- Jul 2020
Kaufman, S. B. (n.d.). Forced Social Isolation Causes Neural Craving Similar to Hunger. Scientific American Blog Network. Retrieved 26 June 2020, from https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/beautiful-minds/forced-social-isolation-causes-neural-craving-similar-to-hunger/
- brain scan
- neural craving response
- need for connection
- social isolation
- mental health
- substantia nigra
- dopamingeric midbrain
- reward circuit
- forced isolation
- need deprivation
- Apr 2020
the likely reason why fasting later became associated with the run-up to Easter is that people started holding baptisms at Easter. The three-week long preparation for becoming a Christian through baptism included fasting, and as baptism became more strongly associated with Easter in the fourth century AD, it is possible that fasting in the lead-up became more generalised to include people who were already Christians
Makes a connection between fasting and Easter baptism
Peter I of Alexandria in the fourth century who connected Christian penitential (still not Lenten) fasting to Jesus’s 40-day fast in the wilderness:
This shows a late dating for the "idea" of a Lenten 40-day fast. It also shows how disconnected the practice is from the narrative it attempts to draw form. Initially, fasting potentially also connected with leading up to Easter baptism is now drawing from Jesus 40-day POST baptismal fast prior to temptation.
earliest reference to a sustained fast of more than two or three days is in the Didascalia, a Syrian Christian document probably from the the third century AD. Therefore you shall fast in the days of the Pascha from the tenth, which is the second day of the week; and you shall sustain yourselves with bread and salt and water only, at the ninth hour, until the fifth day of the week. But on the Friday and on the Sabbath fast wholly, and taste nothing … For thus did we also fast, when our Lord suffered, for a testimony of the three days … This text connects a six-day fast with Easter and with Jesus’s suffering, but surprisingly still not with Jesus’s 40-day temptation
Evidence of fasting of yet another different length (6 days total) and form (several days bread, salt and water). Advocates fasting on Sabbath which would be a break from Jewish tradition.
Noted the disconnect with connection to 40 day temptation and instead after a few days of bread and water re-connects to the Fri-Sat 40 Hour type fast around Jesus in the grave.
John Chrysostom (c. 349-407), writing against Christians sharing anything in common with Jews, admonishes Christians who fast on the Jewish Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur
Seems to indicate that there was still quite disparate fasting practice across the Christian world as late as this
- Jun 2019
- Feb 2019
eating in a ‘twelve hour window’
Ha! I recently ran across sever people pushing fasting apps including one called Zero which encourages fasting for 16 hours (or essentially skipping one meal a day.)
Many have been quietly pushing this for the past few years in relation to things like the paleo diet, etc. I'll also note that Nassim Nicholas Taleb has mentioned something like it frequently (since you mention flaneuring below).
- Apr 2016
But I think the most sensible way forward would be to synthesize this effect with drugs
This is contrary to common sense, practicality, and the study results.
People are better eating on a regular basis.
I am not aware of any evidence of this. Statements such as these (as well as the previous two sentences) are why expert opinion is considered to be in the the lowest group of levels of scientific evidence.