280 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Unintended negative outcomes of design decisions

      The saying, "It's a feature, not a bug" comes to mind. Some decisions are not meant to benefit everyone equally. Some negative outcomes come from a focus on private over public benefits. The web amplifies problems of society. We need to address both.

    2. We will have failed the web.

      Or, we will have failed ourselves. Berners-Lee has said the web was always about connecting people. We just let the people who think about connecting technologies take the driver's seat when we should have been listening to the people who think about people for directions.

    1. Web 1.0 was all about connecting people. It was an interactive space, and I think Web 2.0 is of course a piece of jargon, nobody even knows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along.
  2. Feb 2019
    1. more-rapid comprehension, better comprehension, the possibility of gaining a useful degree of comprehension in a situation that previously was too complex, speedier solutions, better solutions, and the possibility of finding solutions to problems that before seemed insoluble.

      "Better, stronger, faster" like the Six Million Dollar Man. Clynes & Kline proposed the Cyborg in 1960. Engelbart's vision seems at once more far-reaching and less like science fiction.

  3. Jan 2019
    1. Who are we?

      I'm Paul Bond, a librarian in the frozen wastelands of central New York. I'm here because I don't know what I'm doing and I don't know what this is about, but it looks interesting.

      Alchemy to me is the attempt to transform matter, to turn lead into gold. It's wishful thinking, perhaps a failure from the start, but in trying things we can learn things.

      What then would be digital alchemy? A lot of gold, literal and figurative, has been spun out of the web. Some of the more profitable experiments may not be the best. But we can learn from that.

  4. Dec 2018
  5. Oct 2018
    1. the majority of students who begin in remedial courses never complete their college degrees

      need to know/understand why. motivation? finances?

    2. HS-College transition

    1. For students to work in the open, everything they use has to be original content, openly licensed, or in the public domain

      have to disagree here. Students can link, quote, summarize, paraphrase, and thus build or contribute to open resources from closed information

    1. Restricting access to information, limiting engagement and participation, and providing learners and instructors with little control over the learning activity, materials, or processes creates a demotivating experience

      Restricting and limiting are keys to profit-making. Relate to education as a commons

    2. ‘making the bad diffi cult and the good easy’”

      a good design principle

    3. access, agency, ownership, participation and experience

      principles of open ed - compare to Downes: autonomy, diversity, interactivity, openness

  6. Sep 2018
    1. Yes I did Google, “how to write a haiku”, don’t judge.

      But that's a good thing. Anything we don't know about, or don't know how to do, we can look up. Where it gets difficult is when we don't know what to call what we're looking for.

    1. The more grand and out there it is, the more often I’ll actually read it.

      Creativity captures attention. So does clickbait, I suppose

    1. Fifteen minutes into the program, listeners began to call the station in terror, believing that the earth was really being invaded by Martians.

      To what extent is this accurate and to what extent a myth?

    2. “The ether is a public medium,” he insisted, “and its use must be for the public benefit.”

      The deregulation of the 90s, consolidating ownership, had consequences. unintended and unanticipated or not.

    1. They did not take much time, but I enjoyed getting my creative juices flowing with them!

      This is what the Daily Create is all about. Continually making things and generating ideas makes creativity come easier.

    1. It’s great seeing so many varying talents among everyone and being a part of the same community here on the web.

      It's the community that makes ds106 - the way we inspire each other and build off of each other's ideas.

    1. I did not find the assignment bank assignments challenging

      With many assignments, there are easy ways to get through them, and there are way to make them into major projects. We can find 5 star ways to do 1 star assignments, and vice versa.

    1. Imagination is one of our highest faculties

      It's a driver of creativity, which is one of the cornerstones of ds106. Creativity could be considered applied imagination.

  7. Aug 2018
    1. differing nomenclature makes the search for a commonly agreed definition or understanding of digital literacies even more elusive

      An important point. I wonder if Bruce's work might help here.

    2. Representation of Digital Intelligence

      I wonder if the similarity to a pie chart hints a message that the components are all equal. The use of the color spectrum also says something about continuity and adjacency which may not be intended. But it looks nice.

  8. Jul 2018
    1. for empowering them

      This is a key point - the opportunity to do something with content, to create content, has a real and lasting value beyond the content itself. We want students to recognize that they are in charge of their learning, they have control and can take initiative. There's nothing empowering about jumping through hoops of absorbing content, taking tests and following rubrics.

  9. Jun 2018
    1. article identifies many important information literacy issues - issues of a kind generally not discussed in traditional info lit contexts

  10. May 2018
    1. in search of a guiding philosophy

      Is it "in search of" or in avoidance of?

    2. rather than to comprehend them

      Thinking about instructional design here - how verbs like understand and appreciate are to be avoided in learning outcomes because they are difficult to measure - and wondering if this isn't an outcome.

    3. Philosophers and others in the field of the humanities who helped shape previous concepts of world order tend to be disadvantaged, lacking knowledge of AI’s mechanisms or being overawed by its capacities.

      They are also disadvantaged because their fields are undervalued and underappreciated.

    4. Who is responsible for the actions of AI? How should liability be determined for their mistakes? Can a legal system designed by humans keep pace with activities produced by an AI capable of outthinking and potentially outmaneuvering them?

      Politically, people have been pushing deregulation for decades, but we have regulations for a reason, as these questions illustrate.

    5. The digital world’s emphasis on speed inhibits reflection

      What digital world are we talking about here? The Internet was not built or designed to "move fast and break things" - that's an economic choice people make for the purpose of profit.

    6. algorithms to personalize results and make them available to other parties for political or commercial purposes

      Algorithms personalize results for political/commercial purposes

    7. Users of the internet emphasize retrieving and manipulating information over contextualizing or conceptualizing its meaning

      Sounds like an information literacy deficit, but to be fair, IL proponents push the same imbalance.

    8. internet’s purpose is to ratify knowledge

      Ratification? What about augmenting intelligence?

    9. Human cognition loses its personal character. Individuals turn into data, and data become regnant

      Reminds me of The End of Theory. But if we lose the theory, the human understanding, what will be the consequences?

    10. order is now in upheaval

      Upheaval from anti-intellectualism as well as AI

    11. Would these machines learn to communicate with one another?

      Would Skynet) be born?

    12. His machine, he said, learned to master Go by training itself through practice

      The WOPR in War Games used tic-tac-toe, a game of futility. What does Go) teach a computer?

    1. Google's founding philosophy is that we don't know why this page is better than that one: If the statistics of incoming links say it is, that's good enough

      "Ours is not to reason why..."

  11. Apr 2018
    1. Information we receive without consciously asking a question

      Information diet & filter bubbles are related concepts. I wonder if there is such a thing as "Information Affective Disorder"?

    1. Shad felt discontented. All those damned snobs trying to show off! Talking at dinner about this bum show in New York—this first Corpo revue, Callin' Stalin, written by Lee Sarason and Hector Macgoblin. How those nuts had put on the agony about "Corpo art," and "drama freed from Jewish suggestiveness" and "the pure line of Anglo-Saxon sculpture" and even, by God, about "Corporate physics"! Simply trying to show off! And they had paid no attention to Shad when he had told his funny story about the stuck-up preacher in Fort Beulah, one Falck, who had been so jealous because the M.M.'s drilled on Sunday morning instead of going to his gospel shop that he had tried to get his grandson to make up lies about the M.M.'s, and whom Shad had amusingly arrested right in his own church! Not paid one bit of attention to him, even though he had carefully read all through the Chief's Zero Hour so he could quote it, and though he had been careful to be refined in his table manners and to stick out his little finger when he drank from a glass.
    2. THE real trouble with the Jews is that they are cruel. Anybody with a knowledge of history knows how they tortured poor debtors in secret catacombs, all through the Middle Ages. Whereas the Nordic is distinguished by his gentleness and his kind-heartedness to friends, children, dogs, and people of inferior races.
    3. "You are to be released on parole, to assist and coach Dr. Staubmeyer who, by orders from Commissioner Reek, at Hanover, has just been made editor of the Informer, but who doubtless lacks certain points of technical training. You will help him—oh, gladly, I am sure!—until he learns. Then we'll see what we'll do with you!... You will write editorials, with all your accustomed brilliance—oh, I assure you, people constantly stop on Boston Common to discuss your masterpieces; have done for years! But you'll write only as Dr. Staubmeyer tells you. Understand? Oh. Today—since 'tis already past the witching hour—you will write an abject apology for your diatribe—oh yes, very much on the abject side! You know—you veteran journalists do these things so neatly—just admit you were a cockeyed liar and that sort of thing— bright and bantering—you know! And next Monday you will, like most of the other ditchwater-dull hick papers, begin the serial publication of the Chief's Zero Hour. You'll enjoy that!"
    4. AN honest propagandist for any Cause, that is, one who honestly studies and figures out the most effective way of putting over his Message, will learn fairly early that it is not fair to ordinary folks—it just confuses them—to try to make them swallow all the true facts that would be suitable to a higher class of people. And one seemingly small but almighty important point he learns, if he does much speechifying, is that you can win over folks to your point of view much better in the evening, when they are tired out from work and not so likely to resist you, than at any other time of day.

      they "can't handle the truth"

    5. IN the little towns, ah, there is the abiding peace that I love, and that can never be disturbed by even the noisiest Smart Alecks from these haughty megalopolises like Washington, New York, & etc.
    6. LIKE beefsteak and potatoes stick to your ribs even if you're working your head off, so the words of the Good Book stick by you in perplexity and tribulation. If I ever held a high position over my people, I hope that my ministers would be quoting, from II Kings, 18; 31 & 32: "Come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern, until I come and take you away to a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive oil and honey, that ye may live and not die."

      a misinterpretation - these are the words of the king of Assyria https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=2+Kings+18%3A31-32&version=NIV

    7. I HAVE no desire to be President. I would much rather do my humble best as a supporter of Bishop Prang, Ted Bilbo, Gene Talmadge or any other broad-gauged but peppy Liberal. My only longing is to Serve.
    8. USUALLY I'm pretty mild, in fact many of my friends are kind enough to call it "Folksy," when I'm writing or speechifying. My ambition is to "live by the side of the road and be a friend to man." But I hope that none of the gentlemen who have honored me with their enmity think for one single moment that when I run into a gross enough public evil or a persistent enough detractor, I can't get up on my hind legs and make a sound like a two-tailed grizzly in April. So right at the start of this account of my ten-year fight with them, as private citizen, State Senator, and U. S. Senator, let me say that the Sangfrey River Light, Power, and Fuel Corporation are—and I invite a suit for libel—the meanest, lowest, cowardliest gang of yellow-livered, back-slapping, hypocritical gun-toters, bomb-throwers, ballot-stealers, ledger-fakers, givers of bribes, suborners of perjury, scab-hirers, and general lowdown crooks, liars, and swindlers that ever tried to do an honest servant of the People out of an election—not but what I have always succeeded in licking them, so that my indignation at these homicidal kleptomaniacs is not personal but entirely on behalf of the general public.
    9. I JOINED the Christian, or as some call it, the Campbellite Church as a mere boy, not yet dry behind the ears. But I wished then and I wish now that it were possible for me to belong to the whole glorious brotherhood; to be one in Communion at the same time with the brave Presbyterians that fight the pusillanimous, mendacious, destructive, tom-fool Higher Critics, so-called; and with the Methodists who so strongly oppose war yet in war-time can always be counted upon for Patriotism to the limit; and with the splendidly tolerant Baptists, the earnest Seventh-Day Adventists, and I guess I could even say a kind word for the Unitarians, as that great executive William Howard Taft belonged to them, also his wife.
    10. AND when I get ready to retire I'm going to build me an up-to-date bungalow in some lovely resort, not in Como or any other of the proverbial Grecian isles you may be sure, but in somewheres like Florida, California, Santa Fe, & etc., and devote myself just to reading the classics, like Longfellow, James Whitcomb Riley, Lord Macaulay, Henry Van Dyke, Elbert Hubbard, Plato, Hiawatha, & etc. Some of my friends laugh at me for it, but I have always cultivated a taste for the finest in literature. I got it from my Mother as I did everything that some people have been so good as to admire in me.
    11. I SHALL not be content till this country can produce every single thing we need, even coffee, cocoa, and rubber, and so keep all our dollars at home. If we can do this and at the same time work up tourist traffic so that foreigners will come from every part of the world to see such remarkable wonders as the Grand Canyon, Glacier and Yellowstone etc. parks, the fine hotels of Chicago, & etc., thus leaving their money here, we shall have such a balance of trade as will go far to carry out my often-criticized yet completely sound idea of from $3000 to $5000 per year for every single family—that is, I mean every real American family. Such an aspiring Vision is what we want, and not all this nonsense of wasting our time at Geneva and talky-talk at Lugano, wherever that is. Zero Hour, Berzelius Windrip.
    12. WHEN I was a kid, one time I had an old-maid teacher that used to tell me, "Buzz, you're the thickest-headed dunce in school." But I noticed that she told me this a whole lot oftener than she used to tell the other kids how smart they were, and I came to be the most talked-about scholar in the whole township. The United States Senate isn't so different, and I want to thank a lot of stuffed shirts for their remarks about Yours Truly.
    13. WHILE I hate befogging my pages with scientific technicalities and even neologies, I feel constrained to say here that the most elementary perusal of the Economy of Abundance would convince any intelligent student that the Cassandras who miscall the much-needed increase in the fluidity of our currential circulation "Inflation," erroneously basing their parallel upon the inflationary misfortunes of certain European nations in the era 1919-1923, fallaciously and perhaps inexcusably fail to comprehend the different monetary status in America inherent in our vastly greater reservoir of Natural Resources.
    14. It was Sarason who had persuaded Windrip to let him write Zero Hour, based on Windrip's own dictated notes, and who had beguiled millions into reading—and even thousands into buying—that Bible of Economic Justice; Sarason who had perceived there was now such a spate of private political weeklies and monthlies that it was a distinction not to publish one; Sarason who had the inspiration for Buzz's emergency radio address at 3 A.M. upon the occasion of the Supreme Court's throttling the N.R.A., in May, 1935.... Though not many adherents, including Buzz himself, were quite certain as to whether he was pleased or disappointed; though not many actually heard the broadcast itself, everyone in the country except sheep- herders and Professor Albert Einstein heard about it and was impressed.
    15. I DON'T pretend to be a very educated man, except maybe educated in the heart, and in being able to feel for the sorrows and fear of every ornery fellow human being. Still and all, I've read the Bible through, from kiver to kiver, like my wife's folks say down in Arkansas, some eleven times; I've read all the law books they've printed; and as to contemporaries, I don't guess I've missed much of all the grand literature produced by Bruce Barton, Edgar Guest, Arthur Brisbane, Elizabeth Dilling, Walter Pitkin, and William Dudley Pelley. This last gentleman I honor not only for his rattling good yarns, and his serious work in investigating life beyond the grave and absolutely proving that only a blind fool could fail to believe in Personal Immortality, but, finally, for his public-spirited and self-sacrificing work in founding the Silver Shirts. These true knights, even if they did not attain quite all the success they deserved, were one of our most noble and Galahad-like attempts to combat the sneaking, snaky, sinister, surreptitious, seditious plots of the Red Radicals and other sour brands of Bolsheviks that incessantly threaten the American standards of Liberty, High Wages, and Universal Security. These fellows have Messages, and we haven't got time for anything in literature except a straight, hard-hitting, heart-throbbing Message!

      Pelley and his SS may have been models for this novel: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silver_Legion_of_America

    16. WHEN I am protestingly dragged from my study and the family hearthside into the public meetings that I so much detest, I try to make my speech as simple and direct as those of the Child Jesus talking to the Doctors in the Temple.

      "protestingly"

    17. I'D rather follow a wild-eyed anarchist like Em Goldman, if they'd bring more johnnycake and beans and spuds into the humble cabin of the Common Man, than a twenty-four-carat, college-graduate, ex-cabinet-member statesman that was just interested in our turning out more limousines. Call me a socialist or any blame thing you want to, as long as you grab hold of the other end of the cross-cut saw with me and help slash the big logs of Poverty and Intolerance to pieces.

      Em Goldman https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emma_Goldman populist/working man rhetoric. Promotes poverty and intolerance more than slashing them

    18. "It is, as Senator Berzelius Windrip puts it, 'the zero hour,' now, this second. We have stopped bombarding the heedless ears of these false masters. We're 'going over the top.' At last, after months and months of taking counsel together, the directors of the League of Forgotten Men, and I myself, announce that in the coming Democratic national convention we shall, without one smallest reservation—"

      announcing an attack on the country

    19. I KNOW the Press only too well. Almost all editors hide away in spider-dens, men without thought of Family or Public Interest or the humble delights of jaunts out-of-doors, plotting how they can put over their lies, and advance their own positions and fill their greedy pocketbooks by calumniating Statesmen who have given their all for the common good and who are vulnerable because they stand out in the fierce Light that beats around the Throne.

      Interesting how family, public interest, and humble delights describes Doremus. Also how he equates vulnerability with divinity. In describing the Press he's actually describing himself.

    20. "When I was a little shaver back in the corn fields, we kids used to just wear one-strap suspenders on our pants, and we called them the Galluses on our Britches, but they held them up and saved our modesty just as much as if we had put on a high-toned Limey accent and talked about Braces and Trousers. That's how the whole world of what they call 'scientific economics' is like. The Marxians think that by writing of Galluses as Braces, they've got something that knocks the stuffings out of the old-fashioned ideas of Washington and Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. Well and all, I sure believe in using every new economic discovery, like they have been worked out in the so-called Fascist countries, like Italy and Germany and Hungary and Poland—yes, by thunder, and even in Japan— we probably will have to lick those Little Yellow Men some day, to keep them from pinching our vested and rightful interests in China, but don't let that keep us from grabbing off any smart ideas that those cute little beggars have worked out! "I want to stand up on my hind legs and not just admit but frankly holler right out that we've got to change our system a lot, maybe even change the whole Constitution (but change it legally, and not by violence) to bring it up from the horseback-and-corduroy-road epoch to the automobile-and-cement-highway period of today. The Executive has got to have a freer hand and be able to move quick in an emergency, and not be tied down by a lot of dumb shyster-lawyer congressmen taking months to shoot off their mouths in debates. BUT—and it's a But as big as Deacon Checkerboard's hay-barn back home—these new economic changes are only a means to an End, and that End is and must be, fundamentally, the same principles of Liberty, Equality, and Justice that were advocated by the Founding Fathers of this great land back in 1776!"

      Note the contradictions - Washington & Jefferson are old-fashioned, yet the goal is to get back to the Founding Fathers' principles. But maybe change the whole Constitution. The sense of nativism coupled with a sense of cultural inferiority. The claimed desire to do things legally while also claiming a need to be above the law.

    21. Rosicrucian
    22. It was a salty book and contained more suggestions for remolding the world than the three volumes of Karl Marx and all the novels of H. G. Wells put together.

      Wells is called a non-Marxist socialist. Windrip was all over the map politically. By trying to be everything to everyone, he shows himself to be rather empty - it's all about him.

    23. Though he probably based it on notes dictated by Windrip—himself no fool in the matter of fictional imagination—Sarason had certainly done the actual writing of Windrip's lone book, the Bible of his followers, part biography, part economic program, and part plain exhibitionistic boasting, called Zero Hour—Over the Top.

      Sarason is "the guy behind the guy" here, the brains in a symbiotic relationship. Reminds me of the Harding Gang, where the front man was manipulated by his backers. The religious aspect indicates a cult of personality, and the description makes it sound like a clone of My Struggle.

    24. that the average toiler would immediately receive $5000 a year.

      see Why The World is Ripping Itself Apart: Five Ways History’s Repeating Itself https://eand.co/five-ways-historys-repeating-itself-fed5721e225e

  12. Mar 2018
    1. There is always a cross-section of the population working to trick the system

      self-protection characterized as a misdeed

    2. stun cuffs that deliver 80,000 volts to detainees via remote control allow users to avoid direct responsibility for the human suffering they cause

      This reminds me of the slave collars in Octavia Butler's Parable of the Talents.

    1. Can OER be high quality if it is free?

      Are commercial textbooks high quality because they're expensive? What kind of review process do they actually go through? How do we rate quality anyway? What factors are considered important? What matters is student learning and student success. Writing, editing and design will have an impact on that. So will accessibility and cost. I imagine it is relatively easy to compare textbook A to textbook B and decide which is better based on content and presentation. It would be more difficult to determine if textbook A is $100 better than textbook B, or if students would derive $100 more of value from it. Due to CC permissions, OER can be modified to fit the needs of an institution, a department, an instructor, and a group of students. They can be continually modified to improve student success.

    2. to ensure that resources are up-to-date

      How up-to-date are commercial textbooks? There is an investment of time and money that goes into revisions and printing new editions, so publishers don't want to do that any more than necessary. They also have a vested interest in eliminating the market for used books, so there is a financial benefit to updating editions frequently. Faculty can OER whenever they please, due to the Creative Commons permissions. Some may see this as a drawback, if they would rather have someone else be responsible for keeping materials current. I can see benefits to building the updating process into a course though. Students could look to current research, events and issues to see how they intersect with course subject matter, and be charged with proposing revisions. This type of an assignment would have them actively thinking about the relevance of what they're learning, how they are learning it, and how to get ideas and concepts across to others. Students would gain experience in managing their own learning processes at the some time as they learn the course content.

  13. Feb 2018
    1. continually "re-decentralising" the web

      I like the concept, but I don't see how to make it happen.

    2. because it could engender a loss of trust and lead to Balkanisation of the web

      the cynicism and polarization we see today

    1. Let the abysmal brute roar and the police and Mercenaries slay.

      "Abysmal brute" is a term of elitism, as is the expectation that they should die for the vision of the revolutionists. Is the relationship any different than he one between Jackson and the mill?

    Tags

    Annotators

    1. The most common — and still surprisingly widespread — misconception is that the internet and the web are the same thing

      Some students at UMW put together a video about this a few years ago, where they asked random people about the internet and the web. It is interesting to hear how some really bright people struggle to articulate definitions and distinctions. I see it as a reflection of our society and culture - so many of us don't understand what we have in the tools we use on a daily basis.

    1. The first step to disabusing them of this notion is for the people creating the next generation of social applications to learn a little bit of history

      History, sociology, psychology, philosophy - all of these lenses are important. Engineering and economics without humanities leads to Skynet.

    2. We'll fix these things; I don't worry about that.

      Six years later, do we worry less or more? At what point does it become structurally unfixable?

    1. Improving the Internet is just one means, albeit an important one, by which to improve the human condition.

      Improving society could improve the internet. Whichever ends one approaches it from, the effort to improve has to be active and intentional. A laissez faire approach accentuates the negative as much as the positive.

    2. Chaos is not a defect of the system — it is the environment from which monetization of conduct is based. You could look at it as the default condition of the Internet created by Cerf and his fellow fathers.

      I'm not sure that monetization was something that the creators of the internet were considering. It's at the heart of capitalism certainly, but that's something that came to the web later.

    1. If the trend towards filtering internet content persists and grows, it seems likely that the content filtered out will simply move underground to the dark web. For some observers, this seems a good outcome. However, transparency is an important element in assessing the health of society. If we cannot see the cancers on the body politic we may fail to recognise the need for a remedial response.

      On one hand, transparency lets us see what's wrong. On the other, bringing the dark and underground out into the open changes the nature of what is considered acceptable speech.

    1. cultural progress is necessarily the result of freedom

      and growth gets stunted when people are not free to build upon their culture. seems like this could be an economic argument for openness.

    2. Free Software Definition

      essentially says "you bought it, you own it." Vendors in some cases prefer to lease rather than sell - creates an ongoing revenue stream, and allows for ongoing control. Transition to digital media facilitates lease over sale.

    3. university education to all, with no formal entry requirements

      one definition of open ed

    Tags

    Annotators

    1. Isn't it time to rethink what this educational goal means at the present juncture ofthe information society? Shouldn't understanding of network structures and politicsbe part of civics? Shouldn't people learn computer programming as much to becomehumanists as to become computer scientists? Shouldn't Turing's machine take itsplace next to Watt's machine in social science courses? Shouldn't algorithmicsimulation be studied as a driving cultural force analogous to that of the scientificmethod? Shouldn't the dilemmas of existence in cyberspace and the media world beseen as analogues to those earlier generations confronted in Notes from the
    1. the computer as telephone or social space.

      A telephone is a personal device, or in the case of the old school landline, a family device. We get to exercise some control over it, although it can also be used to spy on us. Online social spaces, mostly, are something different. They are not our spaces, under our control, but environments built so others can profit off of us. Where we can be "happy, and controlled."

    1. political formations on the Right rather than the Left
    2. you are poor, but you are still far better than that poor black person over there, because you are white

      divide and conquer. Currently reading The Iron Heel, which describes similar strategies, based on profession rather than race.

  14. Jan 2018
  15. economics.mit.edu economics.mit.edu
    1. The Changing Task Composition of the US Labor Market:An Update of Autor, Levy, and Murnane (2003)
    2. Worker Tasks in the U.S. Economy, 1960 − 2009

      note the plateaus

    3. need to consider how this relates to info lit

    1. German students were able to generate more than a dozen questions

      like this emphasis - generating questions is a key IL skill

    2. digital literacy and media literacy

      interesting how this section discusses info lit without using the term. The concepts are all interconnected.

    1. awareness of how information is tracked and use

      definitions

    2. the protection of private information in an online environment has become the responsibility of user

      Certainly an info lit issue. The Information Has Value frame puts heavy emphasis on other people's info, but we also need to be conscious of the value of our own

  16. Dec 2017
    1. More intense use of Wikipediapolicies by politically diverse teams

      I wonder how their commitment to partisanship compares to their commitment to Wikipedia.

    1. I want to argue they have the opposite problem.
    2. information enters a community through only a few restricted channels

      media consolidation since the 90s plays a big role here.

    3. The human mind, however, is arguably broken, and educators must implement a rigorous curriculum of informal logic before our gathering gloom of fallacies, magical thinking, conspiracy theories, and dogma make the Dark Ages look sunny by comparison.

      One problem is people spend much more time and attention outside of educational curricula. The messages from family, friends and media tend to take precedence.

    1. libraries’ historic duty to preserve information.

      preserving digital materials won't just happen.

    2. audio and video equipment

      didn't used to be unusual for the library to be in charge of AV - old services coming back in a different form

    3. The university got the tutoring center, and the library got recognition

      library as student success center

    4. "We've done a good job of making information very accessible,"

      which leads to a drop in ref stats, hiding the work we do.

    5. They’ve done so by pivoting away from books and toward supporting students

      Is this really a pivot? Libraries collect books TO support students.

  17. Nov 2017
    1. the ability to connect the dots between people and ideas, where others see no possible connection. An informed perspective is more important than ever

      This points to the value of a broad based liberal education. One needs to see and understand the dots in order to make connections. "Informed perspective" suggests informed learning and info lit.

    1. History education may be riding a momentary crest of interest, butits roots do not run deep.

      History currently dominates the best seller list. Is this just a fad? Or does it show a real and popular interest in the subject?

    1. have the literacies to understand the work

      Great point. Information literacies are for everyone, and we all need to continually develop our own to keep up with evolving modes of communication. Should we be evaluated by people who can only evaluate traditional publishing?

    2. accessible

      Not accessible because they're written for small audiences of specialized experts, and also because they're typically paywalled and off the radar of society at large. That inaccessibility makes it easy for others to distort research and science for political purposes - see the shrimp on a treadmill

    3. public narratives and the possibilities of digital storytelling

      I wonder if ds106 could be part of this? Could we take academese and translate it into internet vernacular? And use that idea as the theme of the course?

    1. The word 'open' signals a broad, de-centralized constellation of practices that skirt the institutional structures and roles by which formal learning has been organized for generations

      Love this point. Open has been trying to skirt the formal structures and roles for generations as well.

    2. How can we minimize the cost of textbooks?

      Of the five important questions listed here, this is the low-hanging fruit. Cost is a major barrier to access, so it makes sense that it's Q1. But the other Qs point to things that are so much more beneficial and empowering.

    1. when Americans get news online, they increasingly reach for a smartphone (55%), with computer use falling significantly

      Does this impact the quality of the news people receive? News on a phone would have less depth, and possibly trend towards clickbait. Is it more personalized, more subject to algorithmic interference?

    1. the figure is just 53 percent when people are asked specifically about the news that they themselves use

      This bears further investigation. Is it low by historical standards? If so, might it be a result of marketing efforts by media outlets, as they try to distinguish themselves from the competition?

    2. people do not always distinguish between news reports and advertising on news sites, and the contrast between a professionally reported story and the “around the web” recommendations that may accompany it can be jarring

      In the online environment these sites and articles are mixed together as if they were equivalent. When we encounter newspapers in stores, they are generally not adjacent to tabloids.

  18. Oct 2017
    1. Technology is the problem. When the profit motive trumps the public good

      That second thing is the major problem - the attitude that money matters and people don't. Truth becomes a casualty. Humanity becomes a casualty. It manifests itself in the precarious employment situation and the opioid crisis as well as the media.

    1. Neil Postman noted in his 1985 book Amusing Ourselves to Death

      Need to look into this book. The cultural shift (text->image = logic->emotion) is an interesting idea, but I'd like to see how it is argued.

    1. the five R's are a set of activities

      The key point to me here is that open is about what you can do, not what you can get. Open resources matter because they enable open practices and open pedagogy.

    1. How information is accessed, created, and shared is revealing about the future of learning

      This is talking about information literacy in a broad sense.

    1. what does it mean to be human in a digital age

      Been thinking about this from the infolit angle for a few years. Info is easy to find and access, and a little less easy to filter and evaluate. What matters more is creativity - what we can do with info, how we can connect it, what we can make out of it - all of which is impeded by copyright and enabled by openness.

    2. how we make decisions with that data needs to be as transparent as the content

      another black box that needs to be opened

    3. And so, that part I think was the second marking point for me was this idea of connectedness, and that by being connected-- being transparent and connected-- you produced this huge array of potential knowledge futures in these areas.

      Transparency is an important part of openness that I don't see discussed much in the OER community these days. If we replace an expensive text with free OER there is a great financial benefit for students, but the process of developing and selecting the OER remains something of a black box to the students. But if the students are involved in that development and selection, that process becomes transparent. Students can learn the process as well as the content, and build powerful learning skills, and an increased level of educational independence.

  19. Sep 2017
    1. The studying strategy with “the greatest power,” she adds, involves deeply questioning the text — asking yourself if you agree with the author, and why or why not.

      Etexts have an advantage in the annotation department in that they're not limited to the marginal space. Annotations can be as lengthy as they need to be. They can also be organized through tags, and thus easily searched. They can contain hyperlinks and be hyperlinked, tying texts together. I wonder how many people are taught, in any meaningful or systematic way, to use digital texts. And if they were, how would that change this dilemma.

    1. copyright is about ambiguity, not right and wrong answers, may be a helpful way of framing copyright education

      Does this relate to Perry https://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~rapaport/perry.positions.html ? I wonder.

    2. want to remain neutral or impartial

      Education, in a broad sense, is the pursuit of truth. If we support the pursuit of truth, we are not neutral.

    1. University-wide 33–39% of faculty said that fewer than half of their undergraduates meet their expectations

      This could mean that students are lacking in info lit skills, or that a minority of faculty have unrealistic expectations

  20. Aug 2017
    1. pedagogy of research

      makes me think of Bruce's Six Frames, "Learning to Learn" http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.11120/ital.2006.05010002

    2. Sometimes, even people immersed in a discipline don’t quite understand how or why information is organized

      an example of how literacy is a continuum. People immersed in a discipline are hardly "info illiterate," but how and why info is organized is a discipline in itself

  21. Jun 2017
    1. they decided to develop OER horizontally by flipping entire gateway and general education courses open

      good way to get the most bang for the buck. Also puts OER on the radar for the most students, which could serve to increase demand.

  22. May 2017
    1. TPS Reflective Exercises

      TPS as metacognition - worth trying out. Would have to budget time for it. Could we combine it with something to capture data? connect to qualtrics or google forms

  23. Apr 2017
    1. these do not replace the conventional literacies of reading and writing, speaking and listening, but are supplemental to them

      they could also be seen as different facets of conventional literacies. I see relationships with the ACRL Framework

    1. ‘truth’ is something generally believed by people in a position to know, that are likely to tell the truth

      I need to think about how this relates to the long-running discussion of truth and the Framework

    2. The idea that you’ll get to truth by, for instance, just reading Breitbart and then Truthout, and somehow will come to truth, is kind of a bizarre idea

      The truth that one comes to through this process is not the veracity of things being discussed, but rather an understanding of how different sides discuss things, their perceptions and priorities.

    1. Tohaveopeneducationmeansthatapersonisabletochoosethecourseoftheirownlearning

      good - not limited to OER - open to learner input and control

    1. We need to start with a good term — could we call this vision one of “connected open”?

      I like this idea. Opens ways to connect info lit

    2. fundamentally redefine open education and once and for all decide that it cannot just equal open educational resources

      This is where history is important. OER has only been a part of open ed relatively recently. The broader vision of open ed has been around for at least 45 years.

    3. It is a change related to creativity, collaboration and innovation, seen as non-political processes.

      I tend to talk about it in entirely political terms, highlighting the difference between the purpose of copyright as written in the US Constitution and the purpose as practiced today.

    4. Polish publishers used this term to show us in negative terms

      interesting to hear about how this is framed in other cultures. People here take similar tactics, but the cultural resonance is different.

    1. Participating includes: creating, using, adapting and improving open educational resources; embracing educational practices built around collaboration, discovery and the creation of knowledge; and inviting peers and colleagues to get involved

      info lit connections

  24. Mar 2017
    1. many students I met were being told that Wikipedia was untrustworthy and were, instead, being encouraged to do research

      Is this a problem with media literacy? Or does it stem from a mindless bias against Wikipedia? The problem described sounds like literacy taught poorly.

    1. For the past 40 years, society has demanded information literacy of students

      Some people have been advocating for information literacy, but I have not seen evidence of a societal demand. In my experience, info lit is regarded as something that would be nice to have as part of the curriculum, if there was time and as long as someone else is responsible for it. We've spent 40 years trying to get it on the radar of faculty and administration.

    2. Information literacy presumes a set of unbiased institutions and incorruptible instructors are waiting in the wings to begin inculcating the masses with the proper truth procedures.

      I'm not sure of the basis of this characterization of information literacy. It makes it sound as if we assume a mantle of papal infallibility, and it seems to ignore the complexities of info lit.

    1. the expert isn’t always right

      There are issues of ethics that are not discussed here. Experts may have conflicts of interest. Experts may mislead or deceive, if they see a benefit to doing so. It seems to me that this behavior is becoming more acceptable, or at least that it has fewer consequences. The distrust then is less of expertise than of the expert.

  25. Feb 2017