181 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2018
    1. performance

      Performing literature rather than reading it? Incorporating the performance of interacting with literature in a way that allows it to be more "seen", making the hidden mechanics observable?

    2. such works depend upon the reader to resolve when to finish reading the work. In other words, the navigational aspect of hypertext changes our interaction with both the story at hand and also with the concept of narrative itself

      Readers decide when to end a story rather than a story providing a definite ending--closure or making peace with a lack thereof of closer is determined by/resides in the reader. So, is a conclusion really a part of a literary work or not?

    3. allow[ing] you to make your own texts.

      Works like this really bring questions of authorship to the forefront--who is writing this work? Sure, you can design all of a work's possible permutations but if a reader does not engage with the work and generate these permutations, does the story exist?

    4. they do not do justice to the effect of interacting with the work

      Removing a work from its digital context removes its meaning or, at least, a large chunk of its meaning.

    5. “cut-up method”

      Dada photomontage?

      Hannah Hoch's "Cut with a Kitchen Knife"

    6. the structure and signification of literature itself.

      What decides meaning--the work or your experience of the work? Is there any meaning inherent in a work or is it all determined by the reader?

    7. the authors of hypertexts program all possible paths through which readers can navigate and thus invite only “trivial” rather than productive (or “ergodic”) action from the reader

      Or, do readers simply explore works, like detectives?

    8. to identify hypertext as offering readers more agency, and even partial authorship, over the text they read than print texts.

      Rather than being passive observes to a story as it unravels, readers of elit participate in the creation of the story.

    9. In other words, navigation enables the digital work’s performance and its signification

      Navigation rather than interpretation itself assists in guiding the discerning of meaning

  2. Feb 2018
    1. even harder to predict

      Any particular outcome of a Complex Adaptive System is impossible to predict. This is one reason why organizational change is so hard.

    2. It was largely the creation of a single individual – Tim Berners-Lee,

      Sir Tim's original website is still available at CERN.

    1. the age-old scheme of atomizing populations while making sure the powerful stay on top.

      Divide and rule works in every sector of society, but education is the sector charged with reproducing the social order.

      "Power concedes nothing without a demand. It never did and it never will. Find out just what any people will quietly submit to and you have found out the exact measure of injustice and wrong which will be imposed upon them, and these will continue till they are resisted with either words or blows, or with both. The limits of tyrants are prescribed by the endurance of those whom they oppress." - Frederick Douglass

      http://www.blackpast.org/1857-frederick-douglass-if-there-no-struggle-there-no-progress

    2. We’ve been consistently fed the lie of the “marketplace of ideas” fetishized by Silicon Valley bros

      I worked for twenty years in Santa Clara, California, beside people from around the world. Some bosses were conservative, some liberal, some libertarian. Some workers were conservative, some liberal, some libertarian and some were anarchist freaks like me. After five years in a four school community college district and three years attending conferences and institutes, I haven't experienced much intellectual diversity. Just lots of liberal identity groups fighting over state, corporate and non-profit resources. My education is self financed by the shared profits from the glass shops in Santa Clara where I did the most technologically advanced glassblowing in history. What does that make me? https://www.wired.com/2016/04/heads-jesse-jarnow-excerpt/

    3. Venture Capital

      Vulture Capitalists are the segment of the NeoLiberal project that are using the technology developed in "The Valley of Hearts Delight" to destroy democracy and hollow out all financial institutions. Attributing their behaviour to "Silicon Valley" disappears the true entrepreneurs (and the military industrial complex and the human potential movement) and the workers that created the technology, the majority of whom were Hispanic and Asian women.

    4. built on the ground of segregation

      As are every institution in America; including Colleges and Universities.

    5. Frank Stevenson bought a van, recruited eight others to share the costs, and made the drive daily for the next twenty years until he retired.

      Hi Chris

      One good anecdote deserves another. ;-)

      "Ben Gross is a legendary civil rights and union activist in San Jose, California and the surrounding Silicon Valley.<br> ... In 1948, Gross left Arkansas for the first time when he was inducted into the U.S. Army. After his discharge a year later, he moved to Richmond, California, and went to work for the Ford Motor Company. In this capacity, he joined UAW Local 560 and immediately became active in union politics. In 1950 he became the first African American elected to Local 560's bargaining committee. In that capacity he was responsible for handling grievances at Ford’s Richmond plant. Gross’s success in this position led to UAW President, Walter Reuther appointing him as Local 560’s housing committee chairman in 1954. Gross was responsible for making sure that Local 560 workers—regardless of race—had comfortable and affordable housing when Ford relocated its plant from Richmond to Milpitas (near San Jose) in 1955. To ensure that goal, Gross and other union leaders created the Sunnyhills cooperative development, the first planned interracial community in America sponsored by a labor union. By the 1950s Gross extended his union activism into the civic arena. In 1961 Gross, with UAW backing, became the first black city councilman in Milpitas. His election received national attention when he was profiled in Look and Life magazines. Then in 1966 Gross was elected mayor and reelected again in 1968. At the time he was the only black mayor of a predominately white town in California."

      Sources: Herbert G Ruffin II, Uninvited Neighbors: Black Life and the Racial Quest for Freedom in the Santa Clara Valley, 1777-1968 (Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Dissertation Publishing, 2007); and “Sunnyhills and the Life of Ben Gross” (Unpublished interview conducted on December 11, 2008 at UAW headquarters, Detroit, MI); Robert O. Self, American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003); Sunnyhills United Methodist Church, Sunnyhills United Methodist Church: A History, 1957-1982 (URL: http://www.gbgm-umc.org/sunnyhills/history.htm).

      from http://www.blackpast.org/aaw/ben-gross-1921

    6. So in 1953 the company (Ford) announced it would close its Richmond plant and reestablish operations in a larger facility fifty miles south in Milpitas, a suburb of San Jose

      From local newspaper's timeline:

      1953 - Ford Motor Co. announces plans for a new 160-acre, $50 million-dollar assembly plant employing 4,000 in unincorporated Milpitas. The plant opens in 1955 and will produce such cars as the ill-fated Edsel, the popular Mustang, the subcompacts such as the Pinto, Comet, Falcon and Escort, and pickups. The factory closes in 1983 after producing 4.7 million vehicles.

      1954 - In an effort to stave off annexation by San Jose, the community votes to incorporate Jan. 26, 1954.

      Construction of four new subdivisions begins: Sunnyhills, Milford Village, Sylvan Gardens and Milpitas Manor. To accommodate the housing needs of Ford’s multiracial workforce, Sunnyhills becomes a model of residential development.

      New business construction boom on Main Street: bank, appliance store, medical center and restaurant.

      1961 - San Jose’s efforts to incorporate Milpitas is soundly defeated at the polls by a vote of 1,571 to 395. The 1776 Minutemen symbol adopted by the anti-incorporation movement will become the city seal.

      1962 - The community’s early ethnic and racial diversity will be reflected in the election of public officials. Milpitas elects Ben Gross, one of the first African-American city council members in the county. Gross will also serve as mayor.

      https://www.mercurynews.com/2007/02/06/milpitas-a-look-back/

    1. What stuck with me far beyond the facts of this alternate reality was exactly how Lacie finds herself screaming in pure fury by the end of the episode, broken and tired and, despite everything, relieved.

      Agreed. The last scene was what really stuck and, to me, it's because of how dissonant our world is with the one presented by "Nosedive." In our world, we still get these private moments where we can yell "Fuck this" all we want. We still value those moments. Our entire lives are not as pervasively performative as in this world. More than all that though, I think we can all relate to how utterly fucking exhausting and stressful social media can be. We need moments where we can vent like Lacie did at the end of the episode.

    2. being as pleasant to everyone as possible in exchange for precious points

      This artifice was particularly powerful, in my opinion. It wasn't just about how we appeared via social media bu how we were perceived IRL that mattered and could be translated to power. One the aims of social media was to connect people and allow for a wider array of interactions with individuals and with communities. But, here, social media becomes a tool to suppress and oppress genuine interactions amongst people.

    1. about how social approval might translate into power, and what that might entail for a society

      I think you can already see traces of this--with the rise of "influencers", which are typically people who promote products on social media and that's it. In the beauty & cosmetics world, influencers have become major players in marketing and in the popularity of certain brands, for instance.

    2. access to services

      That one's social media presence/score could dictate one's access to goods and services "IRL" is what I found to be most scary about this entire premise. Right now, this aspect of social media can affect the lives of celebrities but it hasn't spilled over into the lives of everyday citizens. Yet. **Edit: You see traces of it though. To access some features for things, you need the app and most of these apps have ranking systems now.

    3. the characters in "Nosedive" nervously tailor their lives to be ingratiating online, within certain very narrow guidelines.

      Social media and clout on it essentially becomes the new currency of this society.

    1. placement

      This crow called to me; I had to zoom in too much, but I loved the lines and spaces within the rule of thirds. https://flic.kr/p/245A9sn

    2. that works

      I loved the light dancing on the water, a balance of the sky in the distance. I had to do some cloud waiting and several attempts before I caught the light close to me and some farther down river. https://flic.kr/p/FWy669

    3. play with

      I tried to get close to the orange leaf barely hanging on to the branch, dangling in the twigs and sky. https://flic.kr/p/FWy3gb

    1. if we want a more diverse, open, decentralised internet, developers are going to have to wave goodbye to the idea of huge platforms that will supposedly make them rich.

      The crux of the issue, I think~

    2. The financial lubricant, Irvine says, will be a cryptocurrency called Safecoin: users will pay to store data on the network, and also be rewarded for storing other people’s (encrypted) information on their devices. Software developers, meanwhile, will be rewarded with Safecoin according to the popularity of their apps.

      I like the concept of parsing data across multiple devices. Where crypto-currency gets involved, though, is where I get concerned. I don't know a lot about crypto-currency but I know the markets for it can fluctuate drastically and that is not comforting or encouraging?? One of those. I don't want my internet to crash into a thousand pieces because overnight, Safecoin's value plummeted, you know? (Is that how that works??? Am I totally off???)

    1. ephemeral nature

      It almost seems counter-intuitive to think of digital art as temporary. Once something's on the internet, it lives forever, right? I was tripped up by this idea but then I remembered what I heart a tattoo artist say (on one of the many tattoo art shows out there--can't remember which) in response to someone who rejected tattoos on the basis that they're permanent: "Tattoos are the least permanent kind of art. We're all going to die." I got so caught up in thinking of the art itself that I forgot about its canvas--human skin. A material that will not stand the test of time. I think this is applicable to the idea that digital art is temporary. At least, as temporary as a tattoo. It will leave its mark in a moment but that moment will not last. It almost makes me appreciate the medium more, if that makes sense?

  3. Jan 2018
    1. original material

      Reusing materials is better than a single use (throwaway) but creating your own images gives you a way to express uniquely personal ideas and feelings.

    2. fundamental unit

      https://unsplash.com/photos/KyUmKlXrhAM Each unit is useful but each unit is different. Each unit has the same function but each unit effects the viewer in a different way.

    1. use of dark backgrounds

      I was taught this by a pro photographer when shooting a subject, even when the background is not focussed, it helps to consider framing it so there is a dark, non distracting background. It takes some practice to think of both the subject and how what behind them will affect an image.

      In this one, I wanted the dying sunflower frames against the lighter blue sky, it would have been lost, or even created a sense of distraction, with the darker trees behind it.

    1. "I feel tremendous guilt," said Chamath Palihapitiya, former vice-president of user growth at Facebook, in a public talk in November. "I think we all knew in the back of our minds… something bad could happen

      Woah, now this is scary....

    2. Last year, ex-employees of Google, Apple and Facebook, including former top executives, began raising the alarm about smartphones and social media apps, warning especially of their effects on children.

      Children shouldn't be introduced to technology so early in their life. I know its hard to not introduce it to them but there has to be a certain age and time involved.

    3. Today, thanks to him, we can sit in parks and not only receive amatory messages and racing results, but summon all the world's knowledge with a few taps of our thumbs, listen to virtually every song ever recorded and communicate instantaneously with everyone we know.

      I'm starting to think how my life use to be without being able to just tap a song and it will play. Who remembers LimeWire!?

    4. n the winter of 1906, the year San Francisco was destroyed by an earthquake and SOS became the international distress signal

      Well there goes something I never knew! Thanks! #sos

    5. A decade ago, smart devices promised to change the way we think and interact, and they have – but not by making us smarter.

      I always felt that way, but at the same time, it has in so many ways! in which way should we go with this!! lol

    6. best selves

      Is the self I am in my digital life/in my digital spaces not me? Not a part of me?

      My work self and my student self and my home self do not behave or operate necessarily in the same ways but I would never consider any one separate from myself, any one "better". That's evaluative and, ultimately, a subjective opinion.

    7. how the devices might be made less toxic

      We could re-imagine the financial component that is driving all of social media? Incentivize social media platforms maybe to tweak their algorithms so that more truthful or factual info is being spread? (I think that's a contributing factor to this whole "lowering IQ" debate tbh) If you want some real change, most often you've got to hit someone in their wallet.

    8. The years coincide with the crash of the American economy, but also with the infancy of the iPhone .

      Causation does not equal correlation last time I checked~

    9. to lose about the same quantity of IQ as people who had smoked cannabis or lost a night's sleep.

      Hello agenda~

      (Studies also show that smoking cannabis increases creativity and innovation. Also, it has many beneficial health applications; it can be used for the treatment of seizures and for anxiety disorders as well as for pain. We going to look at anything complexly in this article??? Asking for a friend >.>)

    10. In the smartphone era, that figure can only have grown. Our brains just aren't built for the geysers of information our devices train at them. Inevitably, we end up paying attention to all kinds of things that aren't valuable or interesting, just because they flash up on our iPhone screens.

      I guess something else that bothers me about this whole debate is that the responsibility is placed solely on the consumers and hardly at all on the creators or designers of these devices and algorithms. But, if they never existed in the first place, what would the problem be? I think it's irresponsible to peddle messages like the one expressed in this article without looking at the source and saying, "Hey, this isn't working out well. You need to come up with something better." That's human innovation, right? Of course, because of Big Business's interests, the likelihood of any meaningful change to the current social media construct is slim to none.

    11. The symptoms of people with ADD and people with smartphones are "absolutely the same," he said.

      Absolutely? I'd have liked if more research were provided here to support this lone professor's claim--that there is a correlation in regards to symptoms between people with ADD and people who use smartphones. Dealing in absolutes here really closes off discussion so I'm hesitant to accept this viewpoint as the reality of this situation. It's very one-sided thus far.

    12. The finding was widely reported at the time and elicited some shock – for about eight seconds.

      So clever~

    13. people are desperately insecure and crave positive feedback with a kneejerk desperation

      This sounds like a generalization to me. Again, many people use these platforms not just for self-affirmation but for, you know, social purposes--to connect with people they otherwise wouldn't be able to. This sounds purposefully provocative, as if it wants to play on the insecurities it just pointed out, forcing me to engage in an introspection of its own design. Sounds eerily similar to clickbait~

    14. "People get tired of saying no; everyone has a moment of weakness when it's easier to comply than to resist," he wrote.

      I'll admit, this sounds very "super-villainy." I expected the corporate sphere to be more savvy when discussing exploitation of the masses for profit tbh~

    15. Socrates was wrong about writing and Erasmus was wrong about books. But after all, the boy who cried wolf was eaten in the end. And in smartphones, our brains may have finally met their match.

      Dramatic

    16. And they know us. The stories that pop up in your iPhone newsfeed and your social media apps are selected by algorithms to grab your eye.

      This, I have a major problem with. I highly recommend watching this video on the topic created by one of my fave educational Youtubers. I've recommended it often but I think it's great at underlining the ethical issues with these algorithms. More, it highlights how these algorithms affect the population, how they divide us instead of provide truth as we had hoped a platform like the internet would (you know, making info and so facts easily accessible).

    17. "Disconnect to reconnect," the poster read. "Put your phone down and be present."

      Again, I don't disagree with ideas like these--giving yourself time to be in a moment with yourself for yourself is very important, especially to mental health. When social media is being used as a a distraction from having to be with the self, then I have a problem with it because it is having a noticeably negative impact. I don't like messages like these being used aggressively and obnoxiously, though, as if to guilt people. Maybe I'm no my phone not talking to you because you're, quite frankly, annoying and unpleasant. Ever thought of that insert nosy relative/etc? I'm just saying maybe the problem isn't always the device so much as it is the company or the environment.

    18. how people behave

      This is perhaps what I am most interested in: how are we identifying what behaviors are being influenced by increased social media usage? Personally, I think the uptick in videos showing inappropriate behavior being uploaded to these platforms is indicative of impact of social media--it's made us more performative and has sold us this idea that privacy is over-rated, perhaps non-valuable. But, that seems to be a different viewpoint than that expressed in this article. This article seems more concerned with the increase in antisocial behavior it associates with increased social media usage than with the collective conscious and its relationship to digital spaces. If that sounds critical, it is. I'll keep reading but typically these kinds of articles focus too heavily on the "media" aspect and not enough on the "social" benefits these applications allow for which, to me, is an egregious oversight but whatever~

    1. We will be watching and discussing episodes of Do Not Track and students are expected to have watched episode 1 before we talk to Brett.

      While watching episode 1 I was just in awe how it knew my location and how this documentary isn't just a video but he asks us to participate to have a better knowledge in what Brett is trying to teach the online community. Off to see episode 2 and 3!

    2. watch the first episode on Morning Rituals.

      I really enjoyed the first episode and its commentary on our daily routines. I used to find myself waking up, too, and immediately going online & on social media - recently, I've been trying to break the habit, and not make it the first thing I do. But I guess the real question, and also sad part, is that so much of our life is connected to our digital personas, so how far can we really remove ourselves from it? If we don't check our email or Twitter first thing in the morning, what important information (either related to our work or our school) are we missing?

      It sucks that so much of our life is so attached to social media, in that we have to give ourselves (our privacy, our information, our careers) to digital space; consequently, as Brett discusses, that same necessary input of our own personal information is then used to the benefit of companies who want to buy access to our lives to sell us shit.

    3. different from watching on a movie or TV screen.

      What was most startling to me upon watching the first episode is that the site knew exactly what town I was in and what time of day it was. I was not expecting that. And, then, it was interactive in that we could input info if we wanted to. That is vastly different from the current movie experience. It individualized the experience of the work but, in this context, I'm not sure if I wanted it to be individualized!

    4. a digital activist

      He is doing a great job in teaching people out in the world the dangers of internet with tracking especially by making those cool videos.

    5. discussing

      During tonight's studio visit with Brett, I found the idea of privacy and the digital landscape to be vastly intriguing. What I wonder about specifically is if this constant "watching" or surveilling/tracking has made us as a whole more performative--because we believe that we're always being watched. As evidence of this I would present the uptick I'm sure we've all noticed in "inappropriate content" being posted to these public, digital platforms (i.e. the Logan Paul & Suicide Forest video on Youtube (since removed), or the Facebook live vid of these 2 girls in Australia brutally beating up a mentally disabled girl, or the instagram live vid of a girl posted after a car accident which killed her sister). I wonder if the acknowledgment that we're being consistently watched or monitored has negatively informed our behavior in some big ways--that we feel posting this kind of content is okay and acceptable now. I guess I'm more interested in the social ramifications here of the tracking.

    6. What do you see weaving into it?

      I was unaware as Brett mentioned in the hangout that the greetings for the time of day were programmed into the experience, that the web site knew what time of day it was and where i was. This is very basic, but the fact that I did not consider it anything other than a friendly greeting directly to me.

    7. my documentary practice

      I really would like to learn more about his practice.

    8. live tweeting

      I hope to watch this studio visit, live. It will be a pleasant 7:30am on Wednesday morning in Central Australia and I'll be chomping breakfast (that's the plan of this documentary). I'm thinking about SlowTV (https://www.cbsnews.com/news/norways-slow-tv-fascinating-viewers-for-hours-or-days-at-a-time/) as made for these days of assumed-fast internet streaming capability.

    9. making documentaries made for the web

      What do you think of in terms of documentaries? Like films about history or animals in Africa?

      There is an entire genre of web-based documentaries, or i-docs -- these are ones that take advantage of the networked and non-linear capability of the web as a medium

    1. consent

      I've never thought of this word in terms of a digital context until recently. But, it really all comes down to consent. Some might argue just using the internet's service is consent to tracking cookies. Others may say visiting a site is you consenting to their tracking software. And others still may say there is no consent until a request has been made and an informed answer provided.

    2. They would then be neglecting their fiduciary duty to their shareholders if they didn’t sell your data on to as many other companies as possible as well.

      God forbid~

    3. alter website content based on what they think you want to hear

      Horrifying. Absolutely horrifying. This is a problem. Forget that social media addiction nonsense. That this is allowed to happen is creating major social crises. People get trapped in echo chambers--of third-party servers' designs and there are no repercussions for this. No ethical ramifications. Where is the responsibility here? Consumer privacy is not only being neglected, it is being exploited for financial and, I would argue as of late, political gain. Where is the regulation? The oversight?

    4. But there is no technical guarantee of this - they are perfectly able to collect and inspect a logged-in user’s browsing history in a completely deanonymized form if they decide they want to

      See, this is a little scary. It's one thing to be another # in a mass of numbers but an whole different matter entirely for a corporation to have access to and be able to store such personal information without any sworn responsibility to use it ethically or to protect it--how many data links can you name? Now, compare that to how many prosecutions you can name? Maybe a corporation has to pay a fine if it has a leak but little more. We're all just $$$$, commodities to trade and sell.

    5. With cookies, you only have to register for the security card once, and then whenever you swipe it, the door, elevator or courtesy robot knows who you are and where you’re allowed to go

      Ah, the ol' Trojan horse play--in this case, monitoring disguised as courtesy.

    1. rtists have alwaysexperimented with emerging media, reflecting on and complicating the relationships between culture andtechnology, and will certainly continue to do so.

      I think the answer is, the movement is still in its infancy stage, right?

    2. The inherently ephemeral nature of much New Media art, as well as its often unfamiliar aesthetics and technologies,posed a challenge to gallerists and collectors

      And to us, those who make digital art. How do we curate it? Save it? Make sure the platforms we build with don't disappear and take our art with it? Still figuring this out ... or trying to.

    3. Douglas Davis' World's First CoaborativeSentence1994, a Web site where visitors could add to an endless string of words

      This sentence still exists! Cool. And you can add to it, still. Coolx2.

      Overview: https://whitney.org/Exhibitions/Artport/DouglasDavis

      The Sentence: http://artport.whitney.org/collection/DouglasDavis/live/Sentence/sentence1.html

      How to add to it: Description

      "The Sentence has no end. Sometimes I think it had no beginning. Now I salute its authors, which means all of us. You have made a wild, precious, awful, delicious, lovable, tragic, vulgar, fearsome, divine thing." —Douglas Davis, 2000

    4. Amazon.com, a startup bookseller

      ha! start-up. Ha.

    5. Cory Arcangel'sSuper Mario Clouds,

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCmAD0TwGcQ Wow. Just the clouds. This reminds me a bit of the Garfield comic remix, where the text is taken out and the images tell a different story ....

    6. In New Media art, appropriation has become so common that it is almost taken for granted. New mediatechnologies such as the Web and filesharing networks gave artists easy access to found images, sounds, texts, andother media. This hyperabundance of source material, combined with the ubiquitous "copy" and "paste" features ofcomputer software, further eroded the notion that creating something from scratch is better than borrowing it.

      Great quote and still true today? I think so. Maybe. Remix culture ...

    7. Velvet Strike by AnneMarie Schleiner
    8. Natalie Bookchin's The Intruder

      Check out the media piece, via Vimeo

      https://vimeo.com/30022802

    9. All an artist needed to make Net art, besides ideasand technical skills, was a computer even an old one would do, a modem, and an Internet connection

    10. But New Media art is not defined by the technologies discussed here; on thecontrary, by deploying these technologies for critical or experimental purposes, New Media artists redefine them asart media.

      So, it's the art created, not the tool that creates the art. This seems important to me, even today.

    11. we use the term New Media art to describeprojects that make use of emerging media technologies and are concerned with the cultural, political, and aestheticpossibilities of these tools.

      Good way to define the possibilities ...

    12. 1994

      Huh. U2 won Grammy for Alt Music in 1994 for Zooropa, which we (my friends, and I) all thought was an odd album because it sought to be inspired by technology and the emerging digital world.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JkNov5CSKQY

    13. t could also be an art medium

      I often wonder, what is the tipping point in new technology, the point where someone says, hey -- this can become art if only we do ... this. It's probably something we only realize later.

    14. a Websiteasartwork whosescrambled green text and flashing images seem to deconstruct the visual language of the Web

      How about that, this web site is still alive http://jodi.org

    1. t’s not all evil; the internet would be a much less convenient experience without some bits of shared data. But this convenience bears a cost.

      I agree, internet is not all that evil, but of course if you let it become something greater that you can not control, than it will be considered evil.

    1. past

      Chasing dog with leash... ok. back. I'm not an expert here, but I have annotated with Diigo, which is not a dog.

    2. https://hypothes.is/users/cogdog

      This guy hardly annotates, he needs to step up his game!

    3. You are experienced as a web annotator, eh?

      Greetings wise, experience annotator, sort of like a wizard, eh? How experienced would you say you are in using this tool? What advice would you/will you give to others?

      (one might me to add the netnarr tag below, right?)

    1. Enter the world of digital annotation

      Well, you are here. You are in the world. You can annotate any thing you select on this web page, or you can reply to someone else's.

      Always try to remember to add the netnarr tag below so we can group all annotations across all the digital alchemists.

      Is this not like magic? Speaking of which, you can add web links and images, even animated gifs

  4. Oct 2017
    1. Students

      I was one of the open students of NetNarr, and that potential of merging a class of students with open participants via something like Hypothesis has potential for enriching conversations and differing viewpoints (not sure NetNarr quite got there but it showed a way forward)

  5. May 2017
  6. Apr 2017
    1. Reflecting on our research, the American Muslim youth we encountered were struggling to balance the benefits and risks of public expression. Determined to tell their stories and challenge existing stereotypes, they have turned to new media platforms and practices as a means to circumvent perceived roadblocks. As traditional advocacy organizations have sought to censor open discussions within the physical space of their local mosques, the youth have sometimes moved these discussions online, forging a potentially supportive peer-to-peer network. As stereotyped portrayals of Islam obstruct the development of a diverse and realistic understanding of their actual lives, American Muslim youth have used digital media tools to collect and share more authentic stories. As concerns over government surveillance have grown, the youth have harnessed humor to acknowledge and ultimately alleviate some of the resulting strain. As more conservative Muslims have slammed young American Muslims for transgressing Islamic norms, the youth have sometimes turned to each other for support. Sometimes. At other times, the youth have withdrawn and chosen silence as their supportive networks faltered under pressure.

      This paragraph contains some key findings here ...

    2. While the American Muslim youth we met certainly thought about top-down surveillance and anti-Muslim sentiment, many more were more worried about “friendly fire” from other, more conservative community members. Some of these critiques came from elders concerned about young people’s safety. Others came from youth with very stringent notions of what behavior is acceptable in Islam.

      This addresses my query above ...

    3. Such social surveillance can come from both inside and outside the Muslim community. Muslim peers and elders may dismiss and critique material young American Muslims share online.

      I guess there is always cultural conflicts -- from within as well as from without

    4. many of the youth-driven storytelling efforts we observed moved away from the “good” versus “bad” Muslim binary to express more complex, diverse, and morally ambiguous (yet still nonthreatening) American Muslim experiences.

      Interesting ...

    5. Some of the interviewed youth actively contributed American Muslim stories by creating, appropriating, and remixing content. Others were aware of such efforts and had circulated stories across their networks. Whether they told their own stories or shared others’, these expressive practices have much to teach us about the ways storytelling bridges cultural experiences and political concerns

      I wonder, was there pushback for this kind of social media/cultural appropriation and remix from elders? Is there a line where this work might bend into inappropriate? (I guess there is always a line)

    6. The stories Ali and Tariq collected contributed to, and also inspired others to join, a growing but dispersed storytelling movement that seeks to counter stereotyped perceptions through the circulation of narratives about the lived experiences of diverse groups of American Muslims.

      The power of story to change our minds and combat stereotypes ... excellent!

    7. Young American Muslims’ ongoing use of new and social media as a way to connect, share, and debate topics that may not be explicitly political builds “latent” capacity to mobilize toward political goals should such a crisis arise. Such circulation prepares the ground for those “monitorial” moments when, as Hurwitz explains, “politics comes to life” because of “great dissatisfaction with a current state of affairs and finds expression in ad hoc protest movements.” While often organizationally “ephemeral,” Hurwitz’s monitorial citizenship relies on “volunteers who foresee some national … crisis” (108). Functioning as crucial nodes, these volunteers not only “monitor” situations, they are also connected to networks that allow them to respond quickly, often bypassing more established organizational structures.

      Interesting insight. So, the social networking is more than just connecting. It is building a network in the belief that it will be needed, for some crisis, down the road, and when that comes (which is considered inevitable), the network will be the center of survival or cultural identity or support.

    8. Sharing media, with or without political dimensions, was crucial to maintaining these networks. The media youth shared included news reports on current events (like Michelle Bachman’s accusations against Huma Abedin and other Muslims in government that surfaced in July 2012), religious materials (motivational quotes from the Qu’ran), faith-based lifestyle topics (photos of food during Ramadan), and popular culture debates (the controversy surrounding whether or not young American Muslims chose to watch Zero Dark Thirty; see Hussein 2013).

      And it reduces the sense of isolation. We are not Alone.

    9. the young American Muslims we interviewed shared their determination to navigate expression in a climate where the odds are often stacked against them. The media these youth created, the networks they fostered, and concerns they articulated have much to teach us about both the opportunities and challenges of participatory politics for an emergent, marginalized American Muslim youth community.

      This is an important point of discovery and inquiry ...

    10. Many of the American Muslim youth we interviewed shared experiences of anti-Muslim prejudice growing up in America, which confirmed the findings of other studies of this population.

      Tragedy always exposes fault lines. That these young people feel like targets for racism is sad. Not surprising, though, and maybe that is even worse (that they would be targeted is not a surprise in this current political climate)

    11. In fact, many of the American Muslim youth efforts we encountered were not conceived as explicitly (or even implicitly) political. Nonetheless, they often assume political meanings as they circulate and reach broader audiences.

      This is part of the interesting nature of the Networked World, right? Sort of like the game of Telephone, except not only is the story changing as it gets passed along, so too can the context of the story, and suddenly a non-political parody, for example, becomes interpreted very differently.

    12. In particular, we highlight media making and storytelling as crucial dimensions of efforts by American Muslim youth to express, poke fun at, network, and mobilize around identity politics.

      And where is the line that they might cross between civic duty to make visible the strange world of cultural identity and nationalistic politics, and the world of having data gathered on you in legal settings? How many don't even bother to find that line but instead, remain silent?

    13. he is caught in a bind: he constantly juggles his desire to connect with others through social media with the awareness that his posts may be viewed (and possibly misunderstood) by audiences far beyond his intended networks.

      In this way, the networked narrative takes on multiple meanings -- both as connector points and as means for being overheard and perhaps, having one's words (sometimes out of context) used against you.

    1. Oh, and that Dycpgc-Egpj-uyllyzc was going on about some other such nonsense here. Methinks she believes she’s clever. Ha. Perhaps, insightful, even . Haha. Again, you be the judge ^.^ 

      Nmr, wms pcyjjw lccb rm kccr rfyr icrrjc~

    1. taunting

      rfc rcjj gq rfc ryslr, dycpgc-egpj-uyllyzc

    2. eye

      Qm ufw lmr pcnspnmqc rfc "yaacqqmpgcq" glrm yarsyj mlcq jgic zmuq? Kcrfgliq rfcw'b yr jcyqr zc md sqc rfcl... Qglac wms'pc yjj ynnypclrjw kmpc zjglb rfyl kwqcjd ^.^

    3. Which is which?

      Umsjbl'r wms jgic rm ilmu :N

    1. Academia has long touted its own brand without paying attention to whether or not its product works. Universities and colleges not only stand on tradition, they promote a propaganda of tradition, a dogged effort to raise the quality of human character through intellectualism, rationality, and expertise supported by relentless surveillance and punishment of plagiarism, sloth, and student agency, and a tireless resistance to cultural change, technology, and diversity.

      Higher Ed wants to know how digital technology improves learning. "How do we show that teaching improves learning? Higher Ed has done such a poor job of focusing on learning that there isn't actually any way of defining or examining what's going on in the learning process." Bret Eynon in an interview with Gardner Campbell 4/7/2017

      https://youtu.be/GyJBfI9bgMI

    2. We do not do what we do so that students can be like us

      I wouldn't say be like you, rather to be a better version of themselves.

    3. Institutions that refuse to move—not into the future, but into the present—are enacting a masochistic nostalgia. Things are not the way they were, and to isolate our philosophies in an historic moment is to condemn their practicality. Just as perilous is to assume the academy exists in a safe vacuum, where political tensions that light the nation on fire will not penetrate the halls of ivy-grown intellectualism and rationality

      I could not agree more. I have suffered due to some of my professors refusal to accept certain present means of doing things. I don't particularly like every aspect of change, but when someone refuses to keep up with the times in much required areas it can be stagnating for many others

    4. The Student is the weak link in the academy, the wild horse that needs breaking, or the lazy scissorbill who must be taught discipline and integrity...and more recently, the privileged Millennial whose character can only be built through an unforgiving exposure to adversity.

      This is both true and false at the same time. Of course an individual's character is built over time through a certain type of conditioning, but not all millennials are privileged. Everyone needs to be crafted, but never assume that we are so lazy that we don't want to improve ourselves without being told to do so.

    5. But what does all of this have to do with a dyslexic student who found herself unable to use the device on which she relied in—ahem—a computer science class?

      I was thinking this the entire time until it was finally addressed here. Felt like the topic totally derailed.

    6. How dare we presume that students live idle lives when we’re not watching? How dare we believe it is our responsibility to forge their character through intellectual adversity?

      Never presume/assume anything. It's an awful personality trait.

    7. Chanting that Murray was “racist, sexist, anti-gay,” the students wouldn’t let him talk. And when he and the professor moved their planned interchange to a private room where it could be recorded on camera, protesters disrupted that, too, by pulling fire alarms and banging on windows. And this was followed shortly on by rock throwing, and a concussion suffered by the liberal professor who was meant to interview Murray.

      I love how protestors act more out of fear than than out of reason. Some of the most irrational people that I have ever beheld are protestors and it seems like they don't even think before they act

    8. Somewhere along the way, those young men and women—our future leaders, perhaps—got the idea that they should be able to purge their world of perspectives offensive to them. They came to believe that it’s morally dignified and politically constructive to scream rather than to reason, to hurl slurs in place of arguments.”

      This seems like something you would lead into with some prior facts regarding an individual who too such action. It's just a bunch of rhetoric without any ground to stand on, any proof.

    9. “There are no devices allowed in this class.”

      Perhaps this was an issue that should have been addressed with the teacher ahead of time, informing here that the student has dyslexia and that the use of the tablet enables them t takes notes more efficiently? I know plenty of people who sometimes work better with electronics, myself included.

    10. emotional coddling

      This statement no doubt comes on the back of "trigger warnings" of content and curriculum and campus events in some places. How widespread is the concept of Trigger Warnings, I wonder?

    11. I encourage the academy, and all of those who advocate for its primacy, to consider the ways in which it has sheltered itself from the world, and to put on some boots, become deeply aggrieved, and be strong.

      A solid call to action. Will it remain buried here in the bottom of Sean's piece? Or will it be sent across the channels of professors and administrators?

    12. the Middlebury protest ended in violence muted its usefulness

      Agreed. The violence became the story, not the criticism of Murray's views on race and intellect.

    13. students are finding themselves on the front lines

      We need their voices, and we need their passion. We need their calls for equity and social responsibility. We don't need the violence that mars the underlying importance of the protest.

    14. Is it any wonder these students didn’t want to sit down for a chat with a (at least theoretically) eugenics enthusiast?

      No, they prob would not. But that doesn't mean you shut a talk down. You can protest it in other ways. Certainly, Murray's views and writing needs a lot of pushback, as he is prob one of those who was on the fringes and now suddenly finds himself in vogue (in Trump/Bannon World, anyway)

    15. if the level of rage and despair in student lives had been accurately assessed.

      Let's also keep in mind the Middlebury demographics: mostly white, mostly upper middle class, many rich, and it has deep roots of white male power. A typical New England elite school. It is really despair that led to this? Or was it an opportunity for protest that got out of hand when the students realized their collective power in the moment?

    16. It’s been strange and alienating to experience the drama of the Middlebury protest from a distance.

      We have a friend of our family (friend of our eldest son) who just started at Middlebury in February and we've been wondering about him, and his impressions of the campus after this event.

    17. “There are no devices allowed in this class.”

      Curious to know if this was college level or high school or what? It does seem that public schools are only slowly realizing the computing power and possibility of devices in the classroom.

  7. Mar 2017
    1. could be considered media creators.

      The latest Pew focus seems to be on cybersecurity and social media use. I couldn't find any mention of 'creators', or critical thinking either. http://www.pewinternet.org/category/publications/

    2. Ashley Richardson

      Like much online, it's difficult and time consuming to separate fact from fiction. A year after this study was published The Sims Online ($9.99/mo) was rebranded and another year later shut down according to Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sims_Online

      Ashley Richardson is the avatar of Laura McKnight, a middle schooler from Palm Beach, FL. according to Jenkins' article in https://www.technologyreview.com/s/402737/playing-politics-in-alphaville/

      Heather Lawver still has a blog; http://www.heathershow.com

      Blake Ross found out he has no ability to visualize; http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/aphantasia-software-engineer-blake-ross-writes-mind-blowing-post-about-being-unable-to-imagine-a7000216.html

      Josh Meeter makes animations for sporting events and short films: https://vimeo.com/99398204

    3. medi-ated experience may squeeze out time for other learning activities; that contemporary childrenoften lack access to real world play spaces, with adverse health consequences, that adults mayinadequately supervise and interact with children about the media they consume (and pro-duce); or concerns about the moral values and commercialization in much contemporaryentertainment.

      The students I meet lead completely mediated lives, are afraid of social spaces as potential places of conflict and uncritically consume vast amounts of commercial media.

    4. We are using participation as a term that cuts across educational practices, creative processes,community life, and democratic citizenship. Our goals should be to encourage youth to devel-op the skills, knowledge, ethical frameworks, and self-confidence needed to be full participantsin contemporary culture.

      As a retired worker, adult learner and student representative after returning to a community college, I've been encouraging Administrators and Faculty to model the "skills, knowledge, ethical frameworks, and self-confidence needed to be full participants in contemporary culture." I've had little success and will be leaving schools just as mired in the past as they were when I arrived six years ago. Despite spending nearly $200M a year, my CC District is on the lower end of recent CC statistics. http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/03/15/520192774/national-survey-shows-high-rates-of-hungry-and-homeless-community-college-studen

  8. www.newmedialiteracies.org www.newmedialiteracies.org
    1. Weareusingparticipationasatermthatcutsacrosseducationalpractices,creativeprocesses,communitylife,anddemocraticcitizenship.Ourgoalsshouldbetoencourageyouthtodevel-optheskills,knowledge,ethicalframeworks,andself-confidenceneededtobefullparticipantsincontemporaryculture.

      As a retired worker, adult learner and student representative after returning to a community college, I've been encouraging Administrators and Faculty to model the "skills, knowledge, ethical frameworks, and self-confidence needed to be full participants in contemporary culture." I've had little success and will be leaving my schools just as mired in the past as they were when I arrived six years ago. Despite spending nearly $200M a year my CC District is on the lower end of recent CC statistics, yet they continue to create new administration positions while the four college libraries close during evening classes and are only open a few hours on Saturdays. http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2017/03/15/520192774/national-survey-shows-high-rates-of-hungry-and-homeless-community-college-studen

    2. couldbeconsideredmediacreators

      The focus of the latest Pew reports seem to be on cybersecurity and social media use. I couldn't find any mention of 'creators', or critical thinking either. http://www.pewinternet.org/category/publications/

    3. medi-atedexperiencemaysqueezeouttimeforotherlearningactivities;thatcontemporarychildrenoftenlackaccesstorealworldplayspaces,withadversehealthconsequences,thatadultsmayinadequatelysuperviseandinteractwithchildrenaboutthemediatheyconsume(andpro-duce);orconcernsaboutthemoralvaluesandcommercializationinmuchcontemporaryentertainment.

      Most of the students I meet lead completely mediated lives, are afraid of social spaces as potential places of conflict and uncritically consume vast amounts of commercial media.

  9. Feb 2017
    1. wentale

      Also a blog post The Kangaroo - Scene I that explains this a bit more. I really enjoyed the Hangout and the NetProv examples given. I'd love to go to those classes!

    1. I was just an ordinary woman

      My Child, You are no ordinary woman at all. You were the One who saved your people and your world. In the end, your Love was more powerful than any virus. Sleep well. Sleep the sleep of heroes. Dream deep. The Gods watch over you.

    2. It was a long time coming, but one night my husband located me and called to me from orbit. My heart leaped in my chest to hear his beloved and nearly forgotten voice. “Time to come home,” he whispered in my mind as I held my palm chip over my fluttering heart. “Oh yes,” I said, “oh yes.”

      Yes. We let Him call to You. We folded His World into Your World. We let His Words dance across the skyline, from falling stars, so that you might hear Love again, and connect.

    3. first warrior who fell out of the sky

      What you say as "falling out of the sky," we see as the juxtaposition of folded worlds. Warriors from one world can find solace in those of another world, even a world in decline such as your own.

    4. “I can do this, at least,” I thought, and in my own way fought like a warrior to save him.

      And this is the moment we watched for -- the moment when Humanity reaches beyond itself to the Other. We were well-advised to watch your Story unfold this way, Child.

    5. I was still on Earth

      Yes, Child. And No. Our worlds spin in many different ways, and move beyond time and space. As Gods, we fold worlds on top of each other. As you do with Origami, so we do with worlds. Where the edge of one World meets another World, strange things can indeed happen.

    6. It was just me

      One is never just oneself. One is always Us, too. You were indeed a vision from the Gods. You wander but you are not Lost.

    7. I wore a long green cape with stars printed on it.

      As your choice was made, so too was your fate. And although you may not yet have faith, there are many among us who root for you and your survival. You have hidden prospects, buried deep into your soul. Find the map and the way forward will be revealed. Lose you way and all will be lost.

    8. it seemed for a moment like there were paths going off in every direction, as if I had a choice

      As Gods, we move in Metaphor. Your pipe journey was indeed one. Which path will you take? How will your heart guide you? Every path we take is important. Every choice -- the choice of a lifetime. Choose carefully.

    9. It may have been pointing ironically out into the vast, sun-hammered alkali flats.

      So it is. Yet. Hidden there, in the mirage, is the alternative world you cannot yet see. There are vast oceans and rivers, and a world of green as far as your eyes can see. But you cannot yet see it. And what you cannot yet see, you cannot yet experience. Time moves onward.

    10. I tried to remember all of them

      In this Remembering, we help. We ensure that you, who want to remember, will remember, and that the stories you tell in the future of this time will be balanced with the Good of the World. This is our gift to you.

    11. It was as if some force had picked up my world and shaken all the people out of it like the last of the peppercorns, leaving me alone in a world of salt and abandoned mercury mines.  

      Indeed, Child. Indeed.

    12. I hadn’t been able to save them

      From the skies, we watched them. Watched her. Watched the ways they cared for one another. Or didn't. We wondered: what threads of Humanity might remain when faced with the challenges of a lifetime? Some might call us playmakers. But as Gods of the Sky, we were increasingly worried about Humanity. A challenge was in order. We did not know if they would meet the challenge.

    1. Virtual Reality

      A neat example is "War of Words" developed for most VR platforms: http://www.bdh.net/work/war-of-words-vr/

    2. Video games

      Here are some works of e-literature that engage video game genre: http://iloveepoetry.com/?p=10359.

    3. Children’s books are becoming digital

      Part of what's so good about children's books is that they are multimodal and interactive by design-- they pop up when you open the pages, or have tabs you can pull, or textured materials to touch, plus images-- all of which get abandoned for unimodal text based writing. Portable touchscreen devices (tablets, and such) allow for some interactivity and multimodal composition, so they've become an rich space for this kind of publication. Here are a few children's e-lit works I've curated: http://iloveepoetry.com/?p=11228.

    4. What about bookstores?

      Hipsters! ;-) Seriously though, I love and miss bookstores, and cherish every opportunity to visit one.

    5. What about bookstores?

      Authors are still authoring and booksellers are still bookselling. The surviving bookstores are better for the competition. Just like the remaining 'record' stores. IMHO

    6. Generative

      Twitter bots, recombinatory poetry, generative fiction is infinitely fascinating because it can be so random and unexpected. It's like experimenting with how we ascribe meaning, try to find purpose in the otherwise incomprehensible.

    7. transmedia storytelling

      Here's a recent paper that unravels all the threads of 'transmedia.' Digital storytelling: New opportunities for humanities scholarship and pedagogy John F. Barber | Ray Siemens (Reviewing Editor) http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23311983.2016.1181037

    8. Potential of memes

      I found this part of the discussion to be rather interesting. I never thought of something like memes as being entry points into Elit--perhaps because they seem too "simplistic." But, if interacting with Elit has taught me anything, it's that it's made to be accessible. So, maybe it's whatever works, huh?

    9. bots

      I am having trouble connecting bots to digital writing ... and hope some makes a good argument how the programmed bot is a piece of writing (not that I don't like bots for what they are)

    10. Hypertext

      I do love the associative underpinning of linked texts and media, and how one path leads to multiple paths, and maps that know no boundaries.

    11. Networking

      The expansion of the networked element of storytelling is huge with possibilities. Whereas a writer used to be able to tell a story, and hope for readers, now a writer can write with others, interact with readers, and update and expand the story in new directions. If they want.

    12. transmedia storytelling

      I think unpacking this term is really important, and difficult to do.

  10. Jan 2017
    1. a fixed narrative playing out across multiple worlds

      So, story as anchor points but the worlds revolve around the story, not the other way around. Interesting.

    2. The ability to wander among the alternate worlds serves more as a framing device, a set of instructions on how to consider the film, than as a tool for exhaustive use.

      This is where this article might best connect with Networked Narratives in a few weeks (I think). Making new worlds, but what stories will we tell?

    3. “Possibilia” is a term of art in metaphysic
    4. Ben-Shaul feared that, as technology dissolved the boundaries of conventional narrative, it could also interfere with essential elements of good storytelling. What was suspense, for example, if not a deliberate attempt to withhold agency from audience members—people at the edge of their seats, screaming, “Don’t go in there!,” enjoying their role as helpless observers? At the same time, why did the mechanisms of filmmaking have to remain static? Cautiously, he embraced the idea that interactivity could enable a newly pliant idea of cinematic narrative

      I think this is an important point -- where is the line where the technology interferes with the storytelling (or vice versa? Is that possible?) But really, the way to find out is to do it and watch/see/listen

    5. the book, he discovered, sought to explore every possible decision that its characters could make, every narrative bifurcation, every parallel time line. By chronicling all possible worlds, the author was striving to create a complete model of the universe as he understood it.

    6. “We have to break out of the gimmicky use of interactivity, and make sure it is used to enhance a story.
    1. The way you respond to a Daily Alchemy is via twitter

      Note: If you prefer not to use twitter, you can also add your response via the comments form at the bottom of each Daily Alchemy, though they do not count for you on the leaderboard

    2. It’s like magic.

      Mmmm Magic.

      Yes, we can have images and GIFs here, but you have to find a URL for them (hint, you can upload them you your web site, and find the URL for the upload).

    3. this post is gonna be a long scroller

      Yes, my grammar is not perfect. Are long posts good or bad? Like a book, a movie, if there is some kind of arc, some kind of maybe surprise at the ending, what's wrong with long?

      We can do more than 140 characters...

    1. Networked

      So these marginal conversations are networked in a way. But I'm still waiting to see how we can 'network' our stories in #NetNarr. Blogging is a singular activity but as Ray Charles says....'it takes two to tango' to understand the magic of alchemy. https://youtu.be/q4ulNtIYX20

    2.  At the heart of anything called a story is a shattered world.

      I love this opening sentence. A shattered world brought me into educational and digital spaces. Trying to understand my new world has opened pathways into digital storytelling and humanities. Before the Silicon Valley bubble burst, I spent four decades as a scientific glassblower creating tools that are all broken. I love this opening sentence.

    3. story

      Does this mean that what we can infer before and after the fish is not part of the "story"? Only what we see in the frozen architecture of the image is the story? I am not so sure about that.

    4. the shattered moment

    5. An animated gif is not a story.

      Curious to know what others think. I am not sure, and hadn't really thought about it before. It's a bit too general of a statement -- I am sure someone somewhere (prob in some DS106 universe) is making gifs that could counter this claim. Love to see some.

    6. At the heart of anything called a story is a shattered world.
  11. Dec 2016
    1. We can change the world for the better.

      Now you are talking my language! (I'm not sure of all that came before this ...)

    2. channels

      Perhaps a few that tunnel down below sight, below the surface, might be necessary ....

    3. combinatorial

    1. mirror

      Writing, the remembering; Inside, remembering the writing.

    2. civic imagination

      This term has me intrigued, Mia