 Jun 2019

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“Because the bully had no prior record of bullying, and even though there were so many different days and incidents of physical assault, it was treated as a onetime offense, and for a onetime offense you just get a short talk and a call home,”
In order for suspension and expulsion, there must be multiple offense. In this case, there are witnesses and a confession, but that is not enough. Even though there were many different days and incidents of physical assault this is considered a onetime offense? A short talk and a phone call home is the consequences of a death threat and physical assault? Where is the importance of bullying would not be tolerated? Where is the importance of ensuring the victim's safety? This is why this whole system fail to tackle on the issue of bullying. The limit of what the school can do is unjust. How is that resolved? The victim and their family would still feel unsafe, fear, and paranoia.

 Nov 2016

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t(27) = 0.41, p<0.05;
Is this t test correct? The t statistic and degrees of freedom you've provided don't seem to be consistent with any given pvalue given.

Did you receive permission to use field samples?

Have you explained what your exclusion and inclusion criteria were?

Have you considered including ORCIDs for every author? Although not compulsory, ORCIDs are a good way of making sure authors get credit for your work by distinguishing them from every other researcher in the world.

Have you included the term 'Randomised Trial' in your title?

Have you considered identifying the animals you used using a resource identifier? Although not compulsory, resource identifiers remove any ambiguity over which animals you used, and can make your work more discoverable.

Have you included a section where you explain author contributions? You should mention each author by their initials and explain how they contributed to the work.

Have you used the STARD reporting guideline? If so, you should say so in your methods.

t = 0.81,
Have you reported the degrees of freedom for this ttest?

t= 1.01,
Have you reported the degrees of freedom for this ttest?

t = 2.31,
Have you reported the degrees of freedom for this ttest?

References
Should your references follow a numerical system?

Kendall et al., 2005)
You have referenced this citation

Have you explained whether participants and personnel were blinded?

bstract
Have you included a 'Results' subsection in your abstract?

Van der Werf YD, Witter MP, Groenewegen HJ (2002) The intralaminar and midline nuclei of the thalamus. Anatomical and functional evidence for participation in processes of arousal and awareness. Brain Res Brain Res Rev 39:107140.
This reference is cited

Minamimoto T, Hori Y, Kimura M (2005) Complementary process to response bias in the centromedian nucleus of the thalamus. Science 308:17981801.
This reference is cited

Matsumoto N, Minamimoto T, Graybiel AM, Kimura M (2001) Neurons in the thalamic CMPf complex supply striatal neurons with information about behaviorally significant sensory events. J Neurophysiol 85:960976.
This reference is cited

Kinomura S, Larsson J, Gulyas B, Roland PE (1996) Activation by attention of the human reticular formation and thalamic intralaminar nuclei. Science 271:512515.
This reference is cited

Have you included a word count?

Did you receive ethical approval for this study?

This analysis revealed that the response to CL axon stimulation was consistently larger in amplitude than the response to Pf for both direct and indirect pathway MSNs (direct pathway: t(27) = 1.98, p<0.05).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

Secondly, the cortical response recovers more quickly than the thalamic response after both 10 Hz and 20 Hz stimulation (ratio of response to first pulse: 10 Hz; cortical 0.87 ± 0.05, vs. thalamic 0.57 ± 0.05, 20 Hz; cortical, 0.90 ± 0.12 vs. t(72) = 3.07, p<0.05).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

We found that the pairedpulse ratio (PPR) for afferents from CL are facilitating (t(55) = 2.02, p<0.05), whereas those from Pf are depressing (t(27) = 3.12, p<0.05).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

We found that CL synapses are dominated by AMPA receptormediated currents, whereas Pf synapses are dominated by NMDA receptormediated currents (t(27) = 5.31, p<0.01).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

Furthermore, the analysis revealed that the response to CL axon stimulation was larger in amplitude on direct pathway neurons (direct pathway: t(27) = 1.99, p<0.05; Table 1).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

Cortical synapses exhibit an NMDA/AMPA ratio in between those of CL and Pf synapses and dominated by NMDA receptormediated currents (mean NMDA/AMPA ratio for cortical: t(27) = 2.66, p<0.05).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

However, the same protocol applied to CL synapses did not lead to any change in the amplitude of evoked EPSPs (t(27) = 0.41, p<0.05; Figure 5A).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

The average amplitude of response following CL axon stimulation was 66.3 ± 13.5 pA (stim strength; 450 mW; n = 16), whereas those following Pf axon stimulation were significantly smaller at 30.7 ± 4.1 pA (stim strength: 980 mW; t = 0.81, p<0.05).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

The Pf response is significantly depressing following both the 10 and 20 Hz trains and the rate of recovery was the least of all three responses (t(44) = 3.10, p<0.05; Figure 3B).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

Whereas all responses depress eventually, only the responses of CL inputs are facilitating for the first few spikes during both 10 and 20 Hz stimulation CL (t(72) = 1.73, p<0.05;
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

We found that the EPSC properties for CL and Pf synapses using this stimulation strength are remarkably similar, with some small differences in that CL EPSCs were larger in amplitude (t = 2.31, p<0.05) and Pf EPSCs slightly longer in duration (t= 1.01, p=0.02).
It's often good practice to accompany every p value with a confidence interval, or another measure of precision.

Figure 1A,
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t = 2.31,
Have you stated that your data meets the assumptions for an ttest?

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Have you included a participant flow diagram? This is generally highly recommended for randomised trials.

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bstract
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Figure 4: NMDA / AMPA receptor ratio at CL, Pf and cortical synapses on MSNs Postsynaptic excitatory currents were recorded from MSN held at +40 mV to reveal both AMPA receptor and NMDA receptormediated currents or just AMPA receptormediated currents in the presence of dAP5. Each excitatory input has a distinct ratio of currents mediated by either receptor type. CL synapses on MSNs exhibit predominant AMPA receptormediated currents. Pf synapses on MSNs exhibit predominant NMDA receptormediated currents. Cortical inputs similarly exhibit predominant NMDA receptormediated expression, but to a lesser degree than Pf. The histogram shows the mean (± SEM) NMDA/AMPA receptor ratio for each synapse. Sourced from some citation
You've mentioned this figure in the article body

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P. Bolam
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P. Kossilo*
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J. Harwood*
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T. Ellender,
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Have you used the STROBE reporting guideline? If so, you should say so in your methods.

bstract
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p<0.05;
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.01)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05;
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05;
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05;
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

p<0.05)
It's good practice to report p values exactly. So a p value of 0.46 would be reported as p = .46, not p < .05. An exception is for p values less than 0.001, which can always be reported as p < .001.

Have you explained how you decided what sample size you needed?

Table 1
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bstract
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: t(27) = 1.98, p<0.05)
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Have you used the TRIPOD reporting guideline? If so, you should say so in your methods.

Have you used the SRQR reporting guideline? If so, you should say so in your methods.

Have you included your trial registration ID? Generally this is compulsory for clinical trials, and it should go at the end of your abstract. You should also include the registry name and date of registration. If your trial was registered retrospectively you should state that too.
Tags
 declarations_h
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 reference_cited
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 tripod_checklist_cited
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 ethics
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 srqr_checklist_cited
 consent_for_publication_h
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 entreq_checklist_cited
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 t_test_one_tail_declared
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