3,703 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2017
    1. students “own” their learning

      Student ownership and agency through annotation as an intellectual practice with a record.

    2. Students encouraging and supporting eachother to work through diicult challenges

      via annotation made explicit in prompt for assignment

    3. Students constructivelycritiquing eachother’s work

      via annotation

    4. Assessment feedback focused on what students can do to improve

      Hypothesis needs a 1:1 channel internal to the client. For now, the LMS app allows for this type of feedback.

    5. no single “right answer”?

      Social reading is discussion not test-driven knowledge production.

    6. Are students required to defend and revise their work, creating multiple drafts?

      The natural thinking processes of a threaded conversation in annotation with comment replies, replies to replies, etc.

    7. Teachers talking less, students talking more

      Social reading is active reading. Texts filled with student voices.

    8. Are students constantly revising and improving their work? How often? How explicit and central is this expectation?

      Annotation as final product but also as pre-writing, harvested for summative assignments.

    9. Are students regularly asked to present, explain, and defend their ideas orally and in writing?

      This is the basic work of a critical annotation.

    10. And outside the classroom, meetings with public oicials, nonprofits, and other community members, where students are given a chance to present their findings and recommendations on an issue they’ve researched

      Public annotation of government documents/websites, newspaper articles, etc.

    11. Communications skills being explicitly taught

      Again, social annotation/reading provide an opportunity for this kind of instruction: teacher has a view into how students are interacting with each other (and text).

    12. Multimedia portfolios of student work

      Profile pages of annotation are a kind of this portfolio or a contribution.

    13. Listening

      A big part of social reading: listening to the text and to other readers.

    14. review and critique each other’s work.

      This is the process of replying to annotations. But annotation can also be leveraged for peer review of student writing.

    15. Public presentations of their work. Students routinely have to describe and defend their thinking with peers, teachers, and the community. Students say that such public presentations reinforce their sense of accountability and make them be more careful with their work.

      Moving annotation from a private practice with little accountability to something shared with the immediate social group of the classroom and finally to the larger public of the annotated web with students making interventions as digital citizens.

    16. learning how to conduct their own research, often on the Internet.

      Collaborative annotation and independent inquiry: students reading what they're interested and annotating; teachers following along in the process through activity pages.

    17. more engaging

      Because social and interactive, collaborative annotation can make reading more engaging.

    18. peer-to-peer conversations about big issues that defy yes/no answers and ask students to think more analytically

      Pretty good definition of social reading in fact!

    19. embedding communications skills into everything they do in all of their courses: speaking, listening, reading, and writing?

      Again, socializing reading (and writing) to an extent, makes those skills more real, necessary, part of a relationship, a community, rather than an individual task.

    20. working with members of the community

      Public annotation.

    21. holding themselves accountable

      Can annotation portfolios/profile be leveraged to this end? Students have an activity page that represents their engagement with reading and with each other. Maybe ask students to reflect on their contributions.

    22. build relationships through mechanisms

      Annotation as one such mechanism: learning, reading in community.

    23. egularly working on teams

      Social reading makes reading a team sport!

    24. constructive feedback

      Via annotation. As a measurable skill.

    25. Lots of talking and listening; a constant exchange of ideas

      Live and asynchronously using collaborative annotation.

    26. Inter- and intra-personal skills. Character and culture are important values that are emphasized as much as academic subjects

      A student's "social reading" profile provides a window not only into how they interact with text (comprehensively, critically?) but also into how they interact with their classmates (respectfully? discursively?).

    27. listen well—to be a good “critical friend.”

      Read classmate's annotations, respond appropriately: respectful, challenging...

    28. learn as much from their peers as from their teachers or a textbook

      Or combing all three in a single conversation...


      Students working collaboratively through the meaning of a text in annotation, asking questions, answering others, building off each other's comments and knowledge.

    30. key skills they then can apply to other situations beyond this specific course or assessment

      Collaborative annotation as a way to assess skills rather than content mastery. Or in addition to.

    31. Teachers stepping into conversations or stopping work from time to time for “teachable moments” to supplement knowledge

      Via annotation in the case of readings/reading discussion.

    32. reading original sources

      Primary sources, reading of, key.

    1. providing teachers and students with real-time, actionable feedback.

      Via annotation?

    2. go beyond basic math and English skills.

      Not content based, but skills based?

    1. Vendors serve as an invaluable source of knowledge on edtech products and trends for higher education decision-makers, cited as an information source in 80 percent of our interviews. That ranks second only to learning by word-of-mouth from colleagues (96 percent)

      These are pretty opposite sources of knowledge, one bottom up, the other top down.

    2. quality of partner relationships.

      Meaning the "service"? Nothing in here about privacy policies, terms of service, etc.

    3. rather than develop their own tools.

      Why not? Is it not scaleable? sustainable?

    1. While one could manually “count” references across a novel or ouvre, or attempt to estimate relative occurrence, a text analysis tool like Voyant can more easily provide textual evidence necessary to support an essay’s claim, or, if the evidence proves the writer “wrong,” help the writer re-evaluate her argument accordingly.

      Just a tool of efficiency or for noticing unrecognized patterns through a different means of analysis. Both, IMO.

    1. The second phase of this project, now in progress, will replace all copyrighted materials with original objects and will be released as an open access textbook.

      OER creation

    1. Network graphs that connect characters are fun to explore for a similar reason.
    2. One of the main ways computers are changing the textual humanities is by mediating new connections to social science. The statistical models that help sociologists understand social stratification and social change haven’t in the past contributed much to the humanities, because it’s been difficult to connect quantitative models to the richer, looser sort of evidence provided by written documents.

      DH as moving English more toward the statistical...

    1. I recognize that much of what provoked me to turn to literature in the first place—vital, daring, and meditative expressions of human experience—is there. It is there in the naked lyric of a blog post celebrating or mourning some personal or public event. It is there in the classical drama of a brawling, controversial Wikipedia article whose behind-the-scenes “talk” page stages the chorus of the “rule of many” or “wisdom of crowds.”16 And it is there in the epic of all the social-news, shared-bookmark, or similar sites that build a portrait of collective life from constantly reshuffled excerpts, links, and tags from that life akin to Homeric formulae. Above all, as a literature professor, I recognize that—viral YouTube videos aside—the vast preponderance of Web 2.0 is an up-close and personal experience of language.

      Great explanation, for me, of the turn to DH.

    1. In this class, we will both make and critique digital objects as we consider how our research methods should shift in the waning days of print.

      Emphasis is always on reflective practice.

    1. In the words of rhetorician Richard Lanham, we will learn to look both "at" and "through" digital tools.

      This is great: digital as means but also object of study.

    1. a tool and our central object of study.

      Love this too. Learning to use the technology, but also reflecting on its significance.

    2. continually rethink both the process and products of the graduate seminar

      I love the process and products here. New research methods and new method of publication.

    3. I do not ask students to become expert graphic designers or filmmakers. While I have taught courses in which students design web pages, create audio and video compositions, and write computer code, I see these assignments as an opportunity to experiment with such technologies. Students are free to tinker with these technologies and to explore their possibilities.

      Great philosophy. Teacher can't be an expert in all those things either.

    4. a system of evaluation called the Learning Record (LR). This system asks students to make an argument for their grade (at the mid-term and at the end of the course) that is based upon the evidence they have compiled throughout the semester.

      If I teach again, I'm going to use this.

    1. How do argument, rhetoric, and writing change in the age of the Internet. Greg Ulmer argues that we are experiencing a shift from literacy to "electracy." Electracy is a "new apparatus" that calls for new practices and new ways of thinking and writing. What are the new compositional and rhetorical practices necessary to navigate electracy? Who will invent these new practices?

      Love this. Key for students today...

    1. When we talk about OERs, we bring two things into focus: that access is critically important to conversations about academic success, and that faculty and other instructional staff can play a critical role in the process of making learning accessible. If a central gift that OERs bring to students is that they make college more affordable, one of the central gifts that they bring to faculty is that of agency, and how this can help us rethink our pedagogies in ways that center on access.

      Note that the second statement in each sentence here is more contingent: emphasis on the can. Free or cheaper is by (the broadest) definition the essence of OER. Whether open licensing in fact results in more open pedagogy is a possibility but not always the case.

    2. Recently, Wiley has revised his language to focus on “OER-Enabled Pedagogy”[8], with an explicit commitment to foregrounding the 5R permissions and the ways that they transform teaching and learning.

      At the #OpenEd17 session on "OER-Enabled Pedagogy," David Wiley suggested that Open Pedagogy, Open Educational Practices, and OER were a series of nesting circles and asked the group which was the biggest circle.

      Not sure I agree with the premise, but for me open pedagogy would be the biggest circle. I'm just not convinced that all OER use is a pedagogically open--especially when it doesn't fully meet the 5Rs test.

    1. I tend to think of it as a way to "re-webify" a web that has increasingly moved away from the hypertext dreams of its founders towards something that feels more networked and less centralized, more serendipitous and less engineered. 

      This is a great line. To be clear, though, annotation re-webifies the web to make it more networked and serendipitous, right?

  2. Sep 2017
    1. Students get the same content but more time on task

      Does more robust online and hybrid learning also "lengthen" time on task?

    2. on-track assessments to develop targeted interventions

      Could annotation provide this type of assessment?

    3. Align high school curriculum to first-year college courses

      And vice versa. Really like this idea.

    4. adopt and implement the new Common Core State Standards in reading, writing, and math.

      In colleges, interesting.

    5. embedded tutoring.

      Powered by annotation? Needs surfaced by and intervention enacted through?...

    6. redesigned first-year classes with built-in, just-in-time tutoring and support.

      Hypothesis can be part of this support system: peer to peer support; teacher intervention.

    7. Start in college courses with support.

      Acceleration v remediation?

    1. accelerate efforts already under way in higher education

      What does "under way" mean?

    2. enterprise-wide systems that gather and analyze data to help institutions improve their performance and student outcomes.

      With the right data collection and presentation H could certainly help here too.

    3. increase graduation rates

      Retention through increased engagement.

    4. tailored to their needs
    1. 1291.Identify key ideas, representative authors and works, significant historical or cultural events, and characteristic perspectives or attitudes expressed in the literature of different periods or regions.2.Analyze literary works as expressions of individual or communal values within the social, political, cultural, or religious contexts of different literary periods.3.Demonstrate knowledge of the development of characteristic forms or styles of expression during different historical periods or in different regions.4.Articulate the aesthetic principles that guide the scope and variety of works in the arts and humanities

      All potentially tags and subsets of tags to be used in reading/annotating process.

    2. synthesize primary and secondary sources within focused academic arguments, including one or more research-based essays

      Ie. close reading.

      Harvesting annotation as part of writing process.

    3. Analyze, interpret, and evaluate a variety of texts for the ethical and logical uses of evidence

      This could be a series of tags determined by prof.

    4. ENGL (English)

      English/comp section is here.

    1. Identify key ideas, representative authors and works, significant historical or cultural events, and characteristic perspectives or attitudes expressed in the literature of different periods or regions.2.Analyze literary works as expressions of individual or communal values within the social, political, cultural, or religious contexts of different literary periods.3.Demonstrate knowledge of the development of characteristic forms or styles of expression during different historical periods or in different regions.4.Articulate the aesthetic principles that guide the scope and variety of works in the arts and humanities

      Each of these could be sets and then subsets of controlled tags input by teacher as part of course and used by students in their annotations throughout.

    1. The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative’s investments in Meta and bioRxiv are also said to carry with them a strong preference for open source solutions.


    1. Let’s assume, though, that we all have a set number of days to indent the world with our beliefs, to find and create the beauty that only a finite existence allows for, to wrestle with the question of purpose and wrestle with our answers. We often use technology to save time, but increasingly, it either takes the saved time along with it, or makes the saved time less present, intimate and rich. I worry that the closer the world gets to our fingertips, the further it gets from our hearts. It’s not an either/or situation – being “anti-technology” is perhaps the only thing more foolish than being unquestioningly “pro-technology” – but a question of balance that our lives hang upon.


    2. Each step “forward” has made it easier – just a little – to avoid the emotional work of being present, to convey information rather than humanity.

      I'm getting more and more convinced.

    3. It’s easier to make a phone call than to make the effort to see someone in person.

      I definitely see this in our tendency to just text rather than call. Actually calling someone these days seems an almost radical human act.

    4. These inventions were not created to be improvements on face-to-face communication, but a declension of acceptable, if diminished, substitutes for it.

      Or additional tools in our ever-growing tool kit for communicating with others?

      Substitution arguments like this are a slippery slope fallacy in my opinion. Though we should certainly be careful when someone actually argues about obsolescence.

      Perhaps the history is an important corollary to consider. The automobile lobby is certainly to blame for problems in highway and urban infrastructure development. But this doesn't mean cities can't build against the fact of the car or that individuals can't choose to walk or bike sometimes.

    5. because Apple was more interested in harnessing and inflecting the affective resonances of its technology and in restricting a smaller coterie of elites to guard and guide these affects so as to create a distinctive ecosystem.

      Damn! Guilty!!

    6. But technologies are not only effective at achieving or thwarting the aims of those who encounter them, but are affective.


    7. My father was not present for his children’s births – it was customary, then, for men to be in the waiting room. I witnessed my sons being born. My experience was richer, deeper, more memorable and fulfilling than my father’s. Being physically present allowed me to be emotionally present.

      What about the father today, deployed in Afghanistan, who can be "present" via video at his child's birth?

    8. a novel demands putting everything else aside.

      What about a pen?

    9. Novels demand many things of readers, but the most obvious is attention.

      Again, though, might we think about the difference between technologies of "attention" and "distraction"? I'm of course thinking here of annotation as a slow, deep technology of attention.

    10. Simone Weil wrote that “attention is the rarest and purest form of generosity”

      Love this line.

    11. only about the time we spend with each.

      Are there technologies of speed and technologies of slowness? Technologies of distraction and technologies of attention?

    12. The technology has also been used, though, to make the decision to terminate a pregnancy – because of deformity, because the parent wants a child of a certain sex.

      Not the best summation of the various positive and negative uses of sonogram technology,.

    13. or skipping from book to screen

      Especially when the book is on the screen!

    1. means less reading.

      Whereas, I would argue that annotation is more reading...

    2. consumed, not read

      Oh, what an important distinction!

    3. Pearson,


    4. A new copy of Glenn Hubbard and Tony O’Brien’s widely used introductory economics textbook costs more than some smartphones. The phone can send you to any part of the web and holds access to the sum of human knowledge. The book is about 800 heavy pages of static text.

      Great lead!

    1. In 2015, Zuckerberg and his wife, pediatrician Priscilla Chan, announced they will eventually give 99% of their Facebook shares to—among a few other causes—transforming education through technology.


    2. teachers merely looking over their shoulders

      I'd remove merely here.

      It's also interesting that this is in line with what some radical educators call for in terms of de-centering the classroom, interesting in that said educators would likely otherwise recoil at this idea here.

    3. the US market for education technology is predicted to bloom to $21 billion by 2020.

      Decent size.

    1. universities can hire fewer professors and teaching assistants after all

      Isn't that replacing?

    2. Pearson stresses its tools aren’t intended to replace professors or teaching assistants. They’ll simply do away with the most tedious aspects of teaching.

      Oh, good.

    3. Based on this experiment, the evidence suggests adaptive learning did not improve grades or rates of course completion. The tech is still too new to make a definitive judgment.

      Interesting, the evidence for efficacy is still not there (yet).

    4. Often, that’s useful; professors will benefit from seeing which of their students are struggling, and why—but that could be a slippery slope of knowing far too much.

      One thing I think people forget when making these slippery slope arguments is that slippery slope claims can be fallacious.

      If we agree with the first half of this sentence, rather than scrap the idea for fear of the second, let's figure out how to protect against it while benefitting from the first.

    5. consuming personalized software instead of reading textbooks

      Perhaps this is why the scare quotes above.

    6. “read”

      Why scare quotes?

    7. Textbook maker Pearson is also getting in on the action by developing adaptive learning software and launching virtual tutors for students as they “read” through digital textbook resources.

      Ok, here I'm getting a bit more worried. It's not that I don't think this is helpful. But I do think it's skipping some possible better, more human solutions.

      One concern: the premise here is that comprehension struggles are mostly questions requiring answers rather than discursive situations requiring more interaction. A second related concern: is the ultimate goal of "learning" to get the answer or to acquire facility with that discursive process? (Answer: the latter.)

      I think simple social annotation, perhaps backed by some AI, could go a long way here. Allow students to ask questions, answer each others questions, and surface those questions and answers in a useful way to teachers...

    8. The president of the university requested the list of 26 names be on his desk the next day so he could take direct action to make sure they stay, Bell says. There it is. Instead of a helping hand for struggling students, imagine the outstretched fingers of a—better, faster, arguably more engaged—machine.

      In two adjacent sentences, the authors completely misrepresent the story they're researching. It's not a machine reaching out, it's a human who's been informed by a machine.

    9. We took the gut reaction of the advisor out of the equation. Not that it wasn’t accurate. But sometimes gut is gut, it’s more anecdotal.

      Not the best pitch TBH.

    10. universities need to figure out a way to offer more services—but both more cheaply and to a more diverse population, i.e. a nearly impossible task.


    11. nowadays

      I feel like this word should be stricken from the language unless used orally by someone over 70.

    1. test

      It's true that this whole methodology is completely test-based, presuming that that assessment produces valid, valuable data about reading habits.

    2. shining a light on the strengths they demonstrated.

      I think the "shining a light" metaphor is a good one.

    3. I began meeting with each student individually, focusing on remediation that targeted their areas for growth based on the data for each domain.

      I see this is a great example of data collection that informs human instruction.

    4. We would enter the raw scores into a spreadsheet and send it to the department head at the end of the semester. No meetings, no discussions, no impact on instruction. Many of us were confused—this seemed more about compliance than helping students.

      Bad use of data.

    5. that can be daunting.

      Data is not necessarily easy or efficient.

    6. get the data needed to design instruction isn’t easy.

      Data informs human design of instruction. Does not simply determine it.

    1. but the wants of the wealthy and powerful who are converting public education from a civic enterprise to a marketplace for edu-vendors:

      Again, fair, powerful point.

    2. When you run a technology company, not surprisingly, the answer to everything, including the things you know nothing about, is more technology.

      This is a fair point, though I don't think the portfolios of the major funders in education are all ed-techy, though they likely lean that way.

    3. That’s a tall order for two young people with no background in child development or education

      Does the author imagine that Mark and Priscilla are the only employees at the foundation? Or that the foundation is doing this work directly and not through funding organizations that whose mission is more directly related to education.

      Here for example, is the bio for the president of education at CZI:

      James “Jim” Shelton is the President of the Chan Zuckerberg Education Initiative and was most recently President & Chief Impact Officer of 2U, Inc. Previously, the Deputy Secretary of the U.S. Department of Education and the Program Director for Education at the Gates Foundation, he has held a broad range of management, policy, and programmatic roles, which have made a meaningful social impact. Jim holds a bachelor's degree in computer science from Morehouse College as well as master’s degrees in both business administration and education from Stanford. He resides in Washington, D.C., with his wife Sonia and their two sons.

    4. both have embarked on massive projects to impose their ideological visions of education on schoolchildren across the country.

      Not saying that there's no influence from the top to the bottom, but this is not even close to how CZI or any philanthropic foundation operates.

    5. None of that qualifies her to even teach in a public school, but her massive wealth apparently makes her an expert in the history and curriculum of public education, as well as child development and pedagogy.

      There are some reasonable points made in this article, but the argument that the endower of a philanthropic foundation needs to be a trained expert in a field they fund research in is not one of them. Do we really imagine that it's just Priscilla and Mark sitting there asking themselves what they think would be best for public education in America? No, these are organizations that are heavily staffed with people that are indeed trained and experienced in the respective verticals they work in.

    1. Economics tends to ignore three things: culture’s effect on decision making, the usefulness of stories in explaining people’s actions, and ethical considerations.


    2. STEM-only mindset is all wrong. The main problem is that it encourages students to approach their education vocationally—to think just in terms of the jobs they’re preparing for.

      But why is vocational a bad thing?

    3. we need to think critically about their human context—something humanities graduates happen to be well trained to do.

      In your face, sciences and math!

    1. Now that many of the biggest tech companies operate like media businesses, trafficking in information, they’re in a race to create new products to charm and track consumers.

      I want to explore this whole tech companies acting like media companies thing...

    1. Trump has made the negation of Obama’s legacy the foundation of his own. And this too is whiteness.

      Again, the application of critical race theories of whiteness explains much that might seem absurd about Trump's reign.

    2. But that is the point of white supremacy—to ensure that that which all others achieve with maximal effort, white people (particularly white men) achieve with minimal qualification.

      I have yet to hear a better explanation for Trump's success...

    3. whiteness—that bloody heirloom which cannot ensure mastery of all events but can conjure a tailwind for most of them

      What a brilliant definition of "whiteness" hidden in this sentence. Whiteness never fully controls but always benefits.

    1. removing barriers to online learning, and

      Even the barriers of the workshop itself by including the entire OLC community both on site and unable to attend...

    1. Tools that redefine the spaces and places where learning occurs (virtual reality, augmented reality, holograms)

      Annotation is a different redefining of space: working within and beyond the LMS, for and beyond a single classroom, even university, and the very space of the web itself.

  3. Aug 2017
    1. our current practice and policy was on par with what universities needed. It then became an issue of specifically having a legally binding agreement that protected the universities, professors, and students.

      I really like this. "It's in our TOS but we're happy to sign something more/something legally binding."

    1. This article, published in The Times but based on a book on an alt-right conspiracy book, did a lot to tarnish Clinton's reputation among conservatives leading up to the 2016 election.

      Margaret Sullivan, Public Editor of the paper at the time, eventually had to publish this uncomfortable defense of the article.

    1. “I come from a blue-collar, Irish Catholic, pro-Kennedy, pro-union family of Democrats,” says Bannon,

      It's hard for me to reconcile at least the myth of this demographic with the reality of the alt-right.

    2. stream of Seinfeld royalties,


    3. the insouciant African predator of YouTube fame
    4. Jeff Spicoli

    5. he wants to take down both Hillary Clinton and Jeb Bush.

      One year after this article was published he did just that.

    1. Embracing a culture of sharing that breaks down silos while maintaining ethical and privacy standards will be paramount.

      This is gnarly stuff though and deserves its own deep dive/bullet point.

    2. The embedding of maker culture in K–12 education has made students active contributors to the knowledge ecosystem rather than merely participants and consumers of knowledge.

      How does this get balanced with privacy concerns? I have yet to see an argument or practice that successfully navigates this tension?

    1. My hope is that technologists also get involved in the political process — in government, in think-tanks, universities, and so on.


    2. Computerized systems, for example, are exempt from many normal product-liability laws. This was originally done out of the fear of stifling innovation.

      All this stuff really needs to be revisited, intellectually and legally...

    3. In general, Americans tend to mistrust government and trust corporations. Europeans tend to trust government and mistrust corporations.

      Interesting contrast. Perhaps ironic? Historically one might think it'd be the opposite.

    4. Surveillance is the business model of the internet. Everyone is under constant surveillance by many companies, ranging from social networks like Facebook to cellphone providers. This data is collected, compiled, analyzed, and used to try to sell us stuff. Personalized advertising is how these companies make money, and is why so much of the internet is free to users. We’re the product, not the customer.

      Nice succinct statement on the issue.

    1. The first world, the movie might seem to argue, works less to provide its citizens with pleasure than to shape their desire by constructing others through their pain, lack, and death. Instead of giving Texans a health care system, for example, late capitalism gives them the illegal immigrant, to hate, to fear, and to dis-identify with. Prisons do more and more of the system-maintaining work that was once done by schools and hospitals: instead of giving us something to want, they give us something to fear, hate, and kill. And so, we eat ourselves.


    2. But if you’re the kind of leftist who thinks that the means of production just need to be in better hands—Obama, for example, instead of George W. Bush, or Elizabeth Warren instead of Obama, or Bernie Sanders instead of Elizabeth Warren, and so on—then this movie buries a poison pill inside its protein bar: soylent green is people, you idiot, its kids, you’re eating kids, and you like the taste.

      But the premise then was incorrect: that it wasn't the system it was the management.

      To argue against reform in this way is to make a very strong claim: capitalism eats babies. Can we really stand by that?

    1. At more than half of schools, at least a third of seniors were unable to make a cohesive argument, assess thequality of evidence in a document or interpret data in a table, The Wall Street Journal found after reviewing thelatest results from dozens of public colleges and universities that gave the exam be



    1. Anybody who wanders around the world saying, “Yes, I’m from Texas,” deserves whatever happens to him.

      Funny because I don't think Texas was the crazy conservative state it is today back then.

    2. I shook my head and said nothing; just stared at him for a moment, trying to look grim. “There’s going to be trouble,” I said. “My assignment is to take pictures of the riot.”

      So good, what a prankster.

    1. Perhaps we should only use open as a modifier for other pedagogies,

      I feel like this is where consensus between the parties divided above might come in. I don't know the right -ism, but aren't there many fundamental and shared pedagogical principles between open web and open resource advocates when it comes to how these things effect teaching and learning?

    2. In the United States, before 1989 no creative work was protected by copyright unless the creator opted in to protection by reigstering. Open (free + permissions) was the default. It was only in 1989, when the US joined the Berne Convention, that protection of all creative works became automatic and closed became the new default, requiring people to opt-in to sharing.

      Wow, I did not know about this historical shift.

    1. Just as the hatred came from one side only, the care did not come from “many sides.”
    2. This is not about “free speech.” It never was. There is no “free speech” if anyone brandishes firearms to intimidate those they despise. You can’t argue with the armed. The Nazis told us their intentions clearly on Saturday. This, to them, is about “blood and soil.” They are serious. So are we.

      Right fucking on.

    1. "The country is badly polarized, and people want to look at what’s happening at the universities and put it into that narrative: It’s red or its blue," she said. "But that is not what’s going on here; that’s not what happened here. What happened here is infra­red and ultraviolet; it’s beyond the spectrum of normal political discourse. Both Republican and Democratic elected leaders denounced what happened here. Seeking to normalize this as ordinary politics is the mistake." "What happened here yesterday wasn’t about ideas," she continued. "People weren’t out there arguing with each other. They were clobbering each other. That’s a very different situation. That’s violence. Violence is not free speech."
    1. African Americans do not need science-fiction, or really any fiction, to tell them that that “history is still with us.”

      I'd argue that this is the most specious claim made in this article. There's a rich history of African American fiction and specifically science fiction that deals with issues of racial prejudice in very interesting and important ways. As a genre, fantasy is a powerful and unique way to engage with politics.

    2. Or would they address themselves to other less trod areas of Civil War history in the desire to say something new, in the desire to not, yet again, produce a richly imagined and visually beguiling lie?

      Fair point. I do find this idea--and the other approaches to counter-factual storytelling about the Civil War suggested above--to be more interesting.

    3. “show us how this history is still with us in a way no strictly realistic drama ever could.” And that really is the problem.

      But this is the main point of the critique thus far...

    4. Confederate is the kind of provocative thought experiment that can be engaged in when someone else’s lived reality really is fantasy to you, when your grandmother is not in danger of losing her vote, when the terrorist attack on Charleston evokes honest sympathy, but inspires no direct fear

      Again, I'm not so sure this is true. Plenty of black authors have engaged in various counter-factual or fantastic reimaginings of American racial history.

    5. the war is over for them

      Based on what exactly? It'd be one thing if the show was tone deaf to these realities, but I'm not sure we can make that claim based on the evidence about the show we have thus far.

    6. The Confederate flag is enmeshed in the state flag of Mississippi.

      Again, to me this just signals that this very different history is all the more urgent to confront than that of Nazi Germany.

    7. Hollywood has likely done more than any other American institution to obstruct a truthful apprehension of the Civil War, and thus modern America’s very origins

      Hasn't Hollywood, again more than many other American institutions, done a lot to combat racism and stereotypes? Aren't a number of HBO shows both in their production and theme doing exactly that work?

    8. For while the Confederacy, as a political entity, was certainly defeated, and chattel slavery outlawed, the racist hierarchy which Lee and Davis sought to erect, lives on.

      I don't understand why this absolutely true point doesn't make it all the more important to have stories told about those issues?

    1. It got part of the way there

      Does this mean they didn't complete the scanning effort? The archive is incomplete?

    2. without downloading or reading them.

      This is cool but the "reading of them" is the more radical proposition.

    3. Many of the university’s holdings “were invisible to the world,” Coleman says. Google’s involvement promised to change that.

      An important point for those who might immediately dismiss anything Google-related.

    4. “It’s hard to imagine going through a day doing the work we academics do without touching something that wouldn’t be there without Google Book Search,”

      But this is a statement that would align with Somer's lament above, no?

    5. a persistent cultural challenge: how to balance copyright and fair use and keep everybody—authors, publishers, scholars, librarians—satisfied. That work still lies ahead.

      I'll be very interested to see how this gets negotiated moving forward.

    6. James Somer

      One of the most thoughtful programmers I've met, a former colleague at Genius.

    7. Image from Authors Guild

      What a wild image!

    1. The Declaration of Independence of The United States of America


  4. Jul 2017
    1. The internet, indexing, and cheap storage have unwittingly conspired to make the mythical permanent record a reality.

      Love this connection between the VF song lyric and the surveillance of the modern Internet.

    1. If you are using the Services by invitation of a Customer, whether that Customer is your employer, another organization, or an individual, that Customer determines its own policies regarding storage, access, modification, deletion, sharing, and retention of Customer Data which may apply to your use of the Services.

      Does this mean individual orgs using Slack determine this stuff for their employees? Where are those terms articulated?