20 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2023
    1. It was a radically different idea of nature and a radically different idea of the Unconscious—which were for Jung, the same thing. The Unconscious was no more than the inwardness of nature. For Freud it was the reject-matter of civilization, and the whole purpose of his psychology was to enable men to reject it more firmly. For Jung, the Unconscious was Mother; and the Oedipus myth was concerned with man’s troubled relationship (for he has to leave her) to that great, unconscious source.

      Unconscious as nature (“mother”) for Jung — awfulness of humanity, repressed, for Freud

    1. Winnicott also had a strikingly different notion of the agent of psychological change.
      • for: Winnicott, Freud, comparison, comparison - Winnicott - Freud, transitional space, Bardo, evolution
      • paraphrase
      • comparison: Winnicott, Freud

        • Winnicott had a strikingly different notion of the agent of psychological change than Freud.

          • Winnicott
            • His psychotherapeutic model was developmental, one that sees.
              • the therapeutic relationship and
              • the original parent-child relationship(s)
            • as analogous.
            • Thus, just as he saw the development of the child as being fundamentally tied
              • to the immediate, visceral relationship with the mother in the experiential unit.
          • psychotherapeutic change was all about the relationship between - client and - therapist.

            • This was later conceptualised as a shift
              • from a ‘one-person’ psychology
              • to a ‘two-person’ psychology.
          • Freud

            • Freud was focused on rational interventions from the outside
            • This gave way in Winnicott to a co-creative journey occurring in the area in between,
          • which was much more about who one was and what one did, than what one thought or said.
            • In his book Playing and Reality (1971),
          • Winnicott called the location of this experience ‘transitional space’,
            • alluding to its dynamic, insubstantial quality,
            • but also to its nature as a place of becoming.
          • It is, he said, a place we both
            • create and that
            • creates us
          • a paradox that we must accept and not try to resolve
          • where unformulated possibility replaces
            • fixed identities, and
            • experience is necessarily co-constructed.
      • comment

        • Winnicott's transitional space is like
          • the Tibetan concept of the Bardo
          • the biological concept of evolution
    2. Winnicott’s concept of psychopathology was very different from Freud’s.
      • for: psychopathology, psychopathology - Winnicott, comparison - Winnicott - Freud
      • paraphrase
      • comparison: Winnicott, Freud
        • Winnicott’s concept of psychopathology was very different from Freud’s.
          • Freud
            • Freud understood psychopathology in terms of conflicts between:
              • the internal drives and
              • the external demands of the world
            • that what goes wrong is something internal to the person
              • only triggered by the outside world.
            • This basic idea is still very much alive in reductive psychiatric thinking and CBT, which, following the common dualistic model,
              • also locate the problem inside the mind/brain.
          • Winnicott
            • By contrast, Winnicott understood psychopathology primarily in terms of trauma or deficit in the relational domain,
            • which in turn follows from his inherently interpersonal understanding of the psyche.
            • Crucially, what goes wrong is not to be located in the individual per se,
            • but in the experiential units that the person was and is involved including, by extension,
              • the sociocultural milieu in which they find themselves.
    3. While oversimplified, the core image of mind here is as a sort of internal outgrowth, responsible for cognitively traversing the subject-object gap and, as it were, acting as intermediator between two distinct domains.
      • for: explanation - Freud
      • explanation: Freud
      • paraphrase
        • Freud conceptualised our basic nature as
          • self-contained bundles of energy, born into a sort of introverted narcissism (the Id).
          • The development of the mind (the Ego) was a result of
            • the clash between the outward expressions of this energy (the drives) and
            • the world’s responses to them.
      • Psychological development was therefore a self-creative act, - shaped by the external world only in terms of necessary adaptation.
        • Freud saw the role of the other as largely limited to
          • external arbiter and enforcer of rules and regulations for behaviour.
        • While oversimplified, the core image of mind here is as
          • a sort of internal outgrowth, responsible for
            • cognitively traversing the subject-object gap and
            • acting as intermediator between two distinct domains.
    4. his model of the psyche was firmly rooted in the Cartesian-empiricist philosophy that continues to dominate the scientific worldview. The most basic commitment of this model is the idea that we are discrete individual entities opposed to an objective, neutral world that exists independently of us.
      • for: dualism, duality, dualism - Freud
      • paraphrase
        • Freud's model of the psyche was firmly rooted in the Cartesian-empiricist philosophy that continues to dominate the scientific worldview.
        • The most basic commitment of this model is the idea that:
          • we are discrete individual entities opposed to
          • an objective, neutral world that exists independently of us.
        • Per this model, we come to know and experience the world outside of us through a combination of:
          • internally determined processes and
          • the mental assimilation of data from the outside world.
        • Minds, as such, are
          • a prerequisite for experience, and
          • experiences are essentially a result of cognition.
        • This perspective perseveres today, for example, in the notion that
          • we become familiar with other people’s internal worlds through our private theories of their minds.
        • It also perseveres in the conceptual basis of CBT,
          • which understands our experience of the world and relationships as being determined, in large part, by
            • how we individually perceive and make sense of those things.
  2. May 2022
    1. Pero, además, es preciso recordar que una parte del con-tenido de este trabajo, a saber, su insistencia en la impor-tancia de la vida sexual para todas las actividades humanasy su intento de ampliar el concepto de sexualidad, consti-tuyó desde siempre el motivo más fuerte de resistencia aipsicoanálisi

      Freud considera que este ensayo busca mostrar la importancia de la vida sexual para toda actividad humana y su busqueda por ampliar el concepto de sexualidad. Esto fue motivación del autor y rechazo de sus detractores.

    2. Retirada la marea de la guerra, puede comprobarse consatisfacción que el interés por la investigación psicoanalí-tica ha permanecido incólume en el ancho mundo. Empero,no todas las partes de la doctrina tuvieron e! mismo destino.Las formulaciones y averiguaciones puramente psicológicasdel psicoanálisis acerca del inconciente, la represión, el con-flicto patógeno, la ganancia de la enfermedad, los meca-nismos de la formación de síntoma, etc., gozan de un reco-nocimiento creciente y son tomados en cuenta aun por quie-nes los cuestionan en principio. Pero la parte de la doctrinalindante con la biología, cuyas bases se ofrecen en este pe-queño escrito, sigue despertando un disenso que no ha ce-dido, y aun personas que durante un lapso se ocuparon in-tensamente del psicoanálisis se vieron movidas a abando-narlo para abrazar nuevas concepciones, destinadas a restrin-gir, de nuevo, el papel del factor sexual en la vida anímicanormal y patológica

      Post primera guerra, el psicoanálisis mantiene una salud en gradiente salvo los temas en donde lidia con la biología que aun produce tensión académica por el rechazo a la variable "factor sexual" como marcador de la vida normal y patológica.

  3. Jan 2022
    1. A short, interesting essay with some useful quotes. Sadly much of it is derivative of many other sources I've read and studied, so this is a rather unenlightening little work for me. This piece and the popularity of the book from which it derives may have helped to popularize some of the ideas of memory going into the late 80s and early 90s however.

      There are some interesting tidbits of the use of memory with respect to psychoanalysis into the 1900s with figures like Freud and Jung, but one would need to go deeper than the brief suggestions in the final paragraphs here.

  4. May 2021
  5. Feb 2021
    1. Freud is still "young", can stir self-discoveries when reading the comments on the memoirs of Daniel Paul Schreber Psycho-Analytic Notes on an Autobiographical Account of a Case of Paranoia (Dementia Paranoides)" (1911).

  6. May 2020
  7. Mar 2020
    1. FG is making the point that Psychoanalysis reduces a complex system of desire machines - an ecology of interacting and even competing desire machines - to a few Unconscious representations of Desire (superego, Ego Id) which are all fueled by Libido. Frued then forces other perceived sources of desire into the Oedipal complex and transforms them into libido?? Maybe??? haha lmao.

  8. Jun 2019
  9. Jun 2018
    1. nothingness haunts the text

      In Re-writing Freud by Simon Morris, words are randomly selected from Interpretation of Dreams, although "flashes of meaning persist, haunting the text."

  10. Jun 2016
  11. screen.oxfordjournals.org screen.oxfordjournals.org
    1. I believe that the nineteenth century in Europe produced asingular type of author who should not be confused with 'great'literary authors, or the authors of canonical religious texts, andthe founders of sciences. Somewhat arbitrarily, we might call them'initiators of discursive practices'.

      Has another category: people like Marx and Freud (and I'd say Darwin) who constructed theories that are productive in other works as well. These are "initiators or discursive practices."

      This ties in well with Kuhn's paradigms.

  12. Jun 2015
    1. Forgetting is psychologically unhealthy: it leads to repression,

      This seems like kind of a big slippage (between forgetting & repression), imho.

  13. May 2015
  14. Oct 2013
    1. We are by nature most tenacious of what we have imbibed in our infant years

      Almost a Freudian idea. This is not at all correct, but still an interesting idea for the time.

  15. Sep 2013
    1. instinct of death


      conflicting instincts: (1) to preserve living substance (join into larger units) and (2) dissolve units into primaeval, inorganic state

      Eros: (from Wikipedia) <u>Sigmund Freud</u> In Freudian psychology, Eros is strictly the sexual component of our life, not to be confused with libido which Freud referred to as our life force, the will to live. It is the desire to create life and favors productivity and construction. In early psychoanalytic writings, instincts from the Eros were opposed by forces from the ego. But in later psychoanalytic theory, Eros is opposed by the destructive death instinct of Thanatos (death instinct or death drive). In his 1925 paper "The Resistances to Psycho-Analysis", Freud explains that the psychoanalytic concept of sexual energy is more in line with the Platonic view of Eros...than with the common use of the word "sex" as related primarily to genital activity. He also mentions the philosopher Schopenhauer as an influence. He then goes on to confront his adversaries for ignoring such great precursors and for tainting his whole theory of Eros with a pansexual tendency. He finally writes that his theory naturally explains this collective misunderstanding as a predictable resistance to the acknowledgement of sexual activity in childhood. However, F.M. Cornford finds the standpoints of Plato and of Freud to be "diametrically opposed" with regard to Eros. In Plato, Eros is a spiritual energy initially, which then "falls" downward; whereas in Freud Eros is a physical energy which is "sublimated" upward.

      Carl Jung In Carl Jung's analytical psychology, the counterpart to Eros is Logos, a Greek term for the principle of rationality. Jung considers Logos to be a masculine principle, while Eros is a feminine principle. According to Jung: "Woman’s psychology is founded on the principle of Eros, the great binder and loosener, whereas from ancient times the ruling principle ascribed to man is Logos. The concept of Eros could be expressed in modern terms as psychic relatedness, and that of Logos as objective interest." This gendering of Eros and Logos is a consequence of Jung's theory of the anima/animus syzygy of the human psyche. Syzygy refers to the split between male and female. According to Jung, this split is recapitulated in the unconscious mind by means of "contrasexual" (opposite-gendered) elements called the anima (in men) and the animus (in women). Thus men have an unconscious feminine principle, the "anima", which is characterized by feminine Eros. The work of individuation for men involves becoming conscious of the anima and learning to accept it as one's own, which entails accepting Eros. This is necessary in order to see beyond the projections that initially blind the conscious ego. "Taking back the projections" is a major task in the work of individuation, which involves owning and subjectivizing unconscious forces which are initially regarded as alien. In essence, Jung's concept of Eros is not dissimilar to the Platonic one. Eros is ultimately the desire for wholeness, and although it may initially take the form of passionate love, it is more truly a desire for "psychic relatedness", a desire for interconnection and interaction with other sentient beings. However, Jung was inconsistent, and he did sometimes use the word "Eros" as a shorthand to designate sexuality.