1,458 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2019
    1. And for the next two decades, before she died at 52 in 1953, she wrote only a handful of works.

      Is this because she was restricted by her duties as a wife?

    2. But shortly after its completion, Crawford returned to the United States and married Seeger.

      How did her marriage impact her work?

    3. “Fear of having nothing to say musically, fear of not being able to say it, fear, fear, a whole web of it.”

      Who was her support system during this time?

    4. “To work alone: I am convinced this is what I should do, to discover what I really want,” she decided.

      Since she did not study with any prominent teachers, was this a detriment to the quality of her work or did this allow her to create a unique and distinctive style of sound?

    5. the first woman to receive one

      Was Ruth nervous? Did she suffer from imposter syndrome like many women in underrepresented fields do today?

    6. was a significant contribution to the canon of American modernism

      In my opinion it is hard to consider it "American modernism" since its stylistic roots seem quite embeded in the German expressionist current of the time. I think that true American modernists wouldn't include this piece as being part of their movement. I think Ives would disagree strongly.

    7. Although residing in the same city as Arnold Schoenberg, she avoided studying with the master of 12-tone composition.

      She might not have used the 12-tone scale, but her quartet is quite reminiscent of the compositions of the second Vienese school.

    8. Though mostly oblivious to the political upheaval in Germany at the time

      It is quite hard to believe that she was unaware of what was going on in the country. The Nazi party gained power only 3 years after she arrived in Germany.

    9. “In Europe one can work!”

      According to an article I found on the unemployment rate in Germany: "By the end of 1930 the figure had reached nearly 4 million, 15.3 per cent of the population." This makes her claim quite ironic. https://spartacus-educational.com/GERunemployment.htm

    1. The change, which will take effect in June 2018, was announced in a royal decree read live on state television and in a simultaneous media event in Washington. The decision highlights the damage that the ban on women driving has done to the kingdom’s international reputation and its hopes for a public relations benefit from the reform.Saudi leaders also hope the new policy will help the economy by increasing women’s participation in the workplace. Many working Saudi women spend much of their salaries on drivers or must be driven to work by male relatives.

      Unbiased view

    1. In the 17 years I’ve spent covering Silicon Valley, I’ve never seen anything shake the place like his victory. In the span of a few months, the Valley has been transformed from a politically disengaged company town into a center of anti-Trump resistance and fear.

      The anti-immigration and populist, nationalist rhetoric is very alarming to progressive liberals, and it makes sense that Trump being elected would be a turning point that finally engages the Silicon Valley community.

    2. used the service to turn fake stories into viral sensations, like the one about Pope Francis’ endorsing Trump (he hadn’t)

      These type of news stories are a huge reason why the election was skewed in favor of trump.

    1. if analysts stumble across evidence that an American has committed any crime, they will send it to the Justice Department.

      "If"

    2. There is a parallel debate about the FISA Amendments Act’s warrantless surveillance program. National security analysts sometimes search that act’s repository for Americans’ information, as do F.B.I. agents working on ordinary criminal cases. Critics call this the “backdoor search loophole,” and some lawmakers want to require a warrant for such searches.

      Things the majority of people dont know or probably understand.

    3. But Patrick Toomey, a lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union, called the move an erosion of rules intended to protect the privacy of Americans when their messages are caught by the N.S.A.’s powerful global collection methods. He noted that domestic internet data was often routed or stored abroad, where it may get vacuumed up without court oversight.

      can be used for the use of court but will most likely not

    4. In its final days, the Obama administration has expanded the power of the National Security Agency to share globally intercepted personal communications with the government’s 16 other intelligence agencies before applying privacy protections.

      Not a good thing that theyre giving more power to the people thatre using more power than they already have.

    5. a 23-page, largely declassified copy of the procedures.

      Terms and conditions we dont accept but exist anyways

    6. Previously, the N.S.A. filtered information before sharing intercepted communications with another agency, like the C.I.A. or the intelligence branches of the F.B.I. and the Drug Enforcement Administration. The N.S.A.’s analysts passed on only information they deemed pertinent, screening out the identities of innocent people and irrelevant personal information.

      emplying that is no longer the case and that they are indeed doing things they know they shouldnt be

    1. I wanted to make something to dream about, not something real. Saint Laurent, when he started, did real clothes. Those real clothes are everywhere, in the stores, in Zara, everywhere. You dress like he predicted in the ’70s

      Exclusivity and uniqueness

    2. His “Beat” line was the first couture collection inspired by the street, and foreshadowed the youthquake counterculture of the 1960s as well as punk.

      History that makes the brand fun to wear because it represents a huge french high fashion brand that has been able to keep up with culture and significant shifts in culture

    3. Not only is Saint Laurent one of the most influential brands, creatively and culturally, but now, thanks to the success of Slimane, it’s also one of the biggest financially.

      The brand represents one of the biggest and best fashion houses that has been influential and significant in pop culture

    4. r, Hedi Slimane, determined the décor and the general ambience of sleek modernity and distinctly French formality. But Slimane was based in Los Angeles.

      French brand with head creative designer based in Los Angeles but still creating a French look.

    1. As all historians know, forgetting is as essential to public understandings of history as remembering.

      On Forgetting.

  2. Feb 2019
    1. Students certainly don’t need to strive obsessively for perfection, but I should have prioritized grades, not guys.

      students should balance social and academic life

    2. Drinking and smoking eased my social anxiety and seemed like fun. Until I couldn’t stop. Getting clean — smoke-toke-alcohol-free — led to a huge upswing in my life.

      Never knew it would be hard like she explained to stop.

    3. Yet as a teacher, I see that the students who come weekly, sit in front, and ask and answer questions get higher grades and frankly, preferential treatment

      students who do sit in the front and are engaged to the topic that is being taught will learn better and have higher grades.

    4. f a class was boring or it snowed, I’d skip.

      Relatable, last semester I would skip lectures because I knew I could get notes from my peers.

    5. as a freshman I think majority of us can relate to this. We're too worried about what others think.

    1. He was 18. He came to school and was invited to a party his first weekend, and he didn’t know anybody. So he started to drink. He drank way too much and ended up lying on a bench in his residential hall, feeling very sick. Nobody stopped and said, ‘How are you doing? Are you O.K.?’ And he felt so isolated. When he came in to speak with me the next day, the thing that struck him — what he said — was, ‘There I was, alone, with all these people around.’ ”

      This makes me sad. I have seen it, people drink way too much. They're unstoppable.

    2. he technology that keeps them connected to parents and high school friends only reminds them of their physical separation from just about everyone they know best.

      Yes, being away from home was hard.

    1. In my own life I made bad choices that went far beyond spray paint. I flunked out of college and at various points narrowly dodged jail time. When I think back to those mistakes, I’m horrified and chastened. I feel fortunate to have survived, to have had the privilege to make amends.

      Nobody is perfect everyone makes mistakes. We live and we learn, my laughs now can make us cry later.

    2. Because in 1985, a college student could get a little self-righteous, make a bad decision, face consequences and then go home, having learned a “valuable lesson.”

      Times have changed. Get in trouble with the law and that can now affect your future education.

    1. Social scientists have found that this misperception causes black children to be “pushed out, overpoliced and underprotected,” according to a report by the legal scholar Kimberlé W. Crenshaw.

      Evidence part of BEAM concept that shows why black children are perceived to be more mature and how this happens.

    2. The minstrel version of Topsy, a character in “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” turned into the pickaninny.

      The cover of Uncle Tom's cabin depicts Topsy as crazy looking (messy hair, weird pose, yelling) even though she is just a child

    3. In one study, people overestimated their ages by 4.5 years. This contributes to a false perception that black boys are less childlike than white boys.

      The author used a statistic in this line to make a point that black kids are commonly viewed as older, which takes away their innocence. Later in the article it is expounded upon.

    4. But only white kids were allowed to be innocent. The more that popular writers, playwrights, actors and visual artists created images of innocent white children, the more they depicted children of color, especially black children, as unconstrained imps. Over time, this resulted in them being defined as nonchildren.

      the initial label of innocence put on children actually was the catalyst for viewing black children as the opposite. It's included primarily because history of what went wrong in our past is a great motivator for moving forward.

    5. tears.

      If this article were to be published as a book instead, it would be different because it would most likely include many more examples to give us the same sense that the author is trying to give us in this article

    6. The association between childhood and innocence did not always exist. Before the Enlightenment, children in the West were widely regarded as immodest beings who needed to be taught to restrain themselves. “The devil has been with them already,” the Puritan minister

      This section sets out to talk about the ties between childhood and innocence. Originally, children were actually viewed much closer to devil spawn, and needed to be cleansed and taught innocence, or whatever the equivalent was at the time. However, with Sentimentalists, they worked on the perception of childhood innocence being the only real difference between children and adults. However, this only applied to white children.

    7. Topsy was at heart an innocent child who misbehaved because she had been traumatized, “hardened,” by slavery’s violence.

      This line creates a dark tone that illustrates the story both to give the readers a serious sense of what is going on as well as to describe "Uncle Tom's Cabin."

    8. ore adultlike

      I think that the author added this paragraph in order to show how people of all races see black children as less innocent and provides examples of how and why

    9. George Zimmerman admitted at his 2012 bail hearing that he misjudged Trayvon Martin’s age when he killed him. “I thought he was a little bit younger than I am,” he said, meaning just under 28. But Trayvon was only 17.

      The main idea is that black children are viewed as older, less innocent, and more adultlike by people of all races. It's included because not only does it elaborate on the main information in this piece, it gives hard evidence for the idea that they're viewed as older - one who was killed was perceived as a decade older than he was. This connects primarily because it establishes the problem for which the article sets out to solve.

    10. the more they depicted children of color, especially black children, as unconstrained imps.

      Racism has roots in our culture and was spread onto people through the use of propaganda portraying black children as wild and uncontrollable compared to the innocent white children they would portray.

    1. The program’s services closely track people’s conditions using two standard questionnaires filled out each week of treatment — one for depression and one for anxiety — and log the findings in a government database (clients are anonymous in those reports).

      good

    2. She did, in time, improve, and is very grateful for the treatment. The same cannot be said with any certainty about the 40 percent of people who the data show were lost to the program after the initial assessment phone call. About two-thirds of them were not depressed or anxious enough to qualify for the therapy, or decided it wasn’t for them

      good refutal

    3. For those outside England trying to improve access to mental health care, these problems pale in the face of untreated emotional problems, which are most common in young people.

      good!

    4. Oliver’s condition was judged serious enough that he got in to see a therapist face to face fairly quickly, within a few weeks. He learned he had obsessive-compulsive disorder. People with O.C.D. have a consuming fear — of germs, say, or, in Oliver’s case, of misbehavior. They escalate that fear by repetitively trying to soothe it, for example by washing their hands or checking that they’ve done nothing wrong.

      good!

    5. This so-called stepped care approach is similar to the triage most clinics traditionally do, only it is more rigorously standardized and monitored, saving the high-intensity, face-to-face treatments for more severe problems — a system intended to contain costs.

      good

    6. This first call is more than a scheduling exercise. It is an initiation of therapy, a partly scripted, hourlong evaluation to determine how safe the new client is, how desperate and why. The staff members, known as psychological well-being practitioners, decide in that initial call if low-intensity phone therapy is appropriate, or if the person should be moved up the ladder, to group or individual therapy.

      good

    7. Oliver might have gotten a drug and, possibly, some general psychological guidance and support. But he had never sought mental health treatment before, and he most likely would have gone years before getting any talk therapy because he had no idea it was available. The area where he lives had scores of practicing therapists but no centralized system for ensuring that people got scientifically backed approaches tailored to their specific problem.

      good!

    8. It set up 35 clinics covering about a fifth of England and trained 1,000 working therapists, social workers, graduates in psychology and others. The program has continued to expand through three governments, both ideologically left and right leaning, with a current budget of about $500 million that is expected to double over the coming few years.

      good

    9. The enormous amount of data collected through the program has shown the importance of a quick response after a person’s initial call and of a triage-like screening system in deciding a course of treatment. It will potentially help researchers and policy makers around the world to determine which reforms can work — and which most likely will not.

      good

    10. Mental health professionals also say the program has gone a long way to shrink the stigma of psychotherapy in a nation culturally steeped in stoicism.

      good

    11. The demand in the first several years has been so strong it has strained the program’s resources. According to the latest figures, the program now screens nearly a million people a year, and the number of adults with common mental disorders who have recently received some mental health treatment has jumped to one in three from one in four and is expected to continue to grow.

      good

    12. Mental health care systems vary widely across the Western world, but none have gone nearly so far to provide open-ended access to talk therapies backed by hard evidence.

      good

    13. The rapidly growing initiative, which has gotten little publicity outside the country, offers virtually open-ended talk therapy free of charge at clinics throughout the country: in remote farming villages, industrial suburbs, isolated immigrant communities and high-end enclaves. The goal is to eventually create a system of primary care for mental health not just for England but for all of Britain.

      good to use

    14. England is in the midst of a unique national experiment, the world’s most ambitious effort to treat depression, anxiety and other common mental illnesses.

      good quote to use

    1. These forces should also help reduce local air pollution in countries like China and India, which is why their leaders are getting behind these technologies in a big way. Government incentives have turned China into the biggest market for electric vehicles. And an Indian government minister says his country wants all cars sold there by 2030 to be electric. France says it wants to end sales of new diesel and gasoline cars by 2040, while Norway’s goal is 2025.

      In other parts of the world air pollution is already becoming a serious problem and it could be one here in the U.S. some day.

    2. The potential environmental benefits of electric vehicles are huge. The transportation sector accounts for 14 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and 27 percent of emissions in the United States. Moreover, countries have found it much more difficult to reduce planet-warming gases from transportation than from power plants

      The benefits will help slow down global warming and this is really important considering that it is a major issue.

    3. $100 per kilowatt-hour,

      If they can bring the price margins of the electric batteries the prices will be matched with regular cars. and they are only 25$ away from it.

    4. The skeptics, however, have consistently been overly pessimistic about this technology.

      They have always under estimated what can be accomplished with electric cars.

    5. wishful

      Allow there people are still skeptical this idea is closer than we believe. With the advnacements in technology

    6. emission

      other countries are already on the path of pushing out emission laws that try to help push electric cars and get rid of gas cars.

    7. models

      all auto makers are putting big efforts to create cars in the electric segment that will be just as appealing as any other regular car.

    8. cheaper

      These cars are now going to be priced at a range that is competitive with the rest of diesel and gasoline.

    9. mainstream

      Every year with advancements in technology we have finally hit that point where electric cars are on the verge of becoming the mainstream car in the next few years.

    10. gas-guzzling

      There has to be a change made with the way the climate is having drastic changes that we have not seen before.

    1. “Students who are worried about debt sometimes work more and then reduce their course load,”

      and resulting to stop studying due to their contentment of what they are earning from their job with 25 hours and more.

    2. Graduating from a four-year college in four years may sound like a fairly straightforward venture, but only 41 percent of students manage to do it.

      could this be due to the lack of resources provided for students or is a financial situation?

    3. (One U.S.F. effort: an app called “Cold Turkey” that blocks social media for an hour or two so students can study without disruption.)

      this is a good invention

    4. Nearly 40 percent of them get no credit for any of the courses they have completed and lose 27 credits on average — or about a year of school, according to a 2014 federal study.

      they should be advised not to transfer if it means losing credits.

    5. 25 hours can get in the way of passing classes

      how many classes does this consist of?

    6. but fail to take the right courses in the right order

      are they receiving assistance from a counselor or taking classes they choose?

    7. Many of those who finish in five or six years have either unnecessarily drained their parents’ bank accounts or end up in a lot more debt.

      what financial steps are they taking to ensure they don't go into debt.

    8. Graduating from a four-year college in four years may sound like a fairly straightforward venture, but only 41 percent of students manage to do it.

      hey

    1. generation

      I dont think the entirety of a person's situation should be focused to one term that can have hundreds of variations. I feel that of theyre gtheyre going to have such a situation in place, all scenarios should be addressed.

    2. hairsplitting

      what is hairsplitting?

    3. other definitions

      what other definitions?

    4. How much first-gen status really matters for college admissions is unclear.

      There seems to be different types of "first generation" students, not just ones that are low income or the first to attend college in the family.

    5. Pitzer College has a few endowed scholarships. The University of Wisconsin just began offering free tuition for first-gen transfer students, while Duke last year created one of the most generous, comprehensive programs of all.

      These are are all great programs aimed at helping first generation students succeed.

    6. “First gen” may be the latest buzz phrase in higher education but its import is not just academic.

      "First gen" doesn't always take education into consideration. It could account for other variables.

    7. I agree that this student is a first gen, he was not raised by his father- the parent that hold the bachelor degree.

    8. Some support groups and scholarship organizations define the term broadly to be more inclusive

      broader can be both good and bad.

    9. To figure out what first generation really means, he said, it’s important to step back and examine the goals of higher education. “What,” he asked, “are we trying to do with the definition?”

      it's important that when you identify yourself as first generation, that you are using it because you need it.

    10. Many education experts even use the terms “first gen” and “low income” interchangeably.

      it's assumed that if you are first gen you are also come from a low income family.

    11. Conceivably, one can be both first gen and legacy.

      there are many variations of a first gen.

    12. neither parent can have a bachelor’s, even if they didn’t raise the child.

      some definitions are at disadvantage for students

    13. given rising income inequality and the skills needed to get high-paying jobs, they have intensified their efforts to enroll and lift disadvantaged students.

      increase in income inequality calls for increase of efforts

    14. Whether used as code for “low income” or “underprivileged” or as a proxy for affirmative action, the label comes with assumptions: that the student’s parents have little or no experience navigating the academic, financial and cultural barriers to higher education, including an application process that stymies even the most savvy parent.

      the definition has a hidden meaning

    15. three different ways: the legislative definition (no parent in the household has a bachelor’s degree) and the two used for research (no education after high school; no degree after high school).

      other definitions have formed to accommodate for students

    16. she was given a firm no,

      too technical in term and not understanding

    17. o figure out what first generation really means, he said, it’s important to step back and examine the goals of higher education. “What,” he asked, “are we trying to do with the definition?”

      In my belief, a first gen student is someone that is first in his family to attend college.

    18. Colleges don’t typically check information. But consultants urge their clients not to lie. Cyndy McDonald, a consultant in Visalia, Calif., encourages students to write essays about their first-generation backgrounds, even if they don’t meet a college’s definition.

      I believe college do check your information to make sure you are truthful or not.

    19. It’s the same as the one used by the engineering school that Ms. Weingarten called — neither parent can have a bachelor’s, even if they didn’t raise the child.

      Is this referring to guardians or divorce parents?

    20. Filling out financial aid forms can be a nightmare, especially when parents don’t speak English, Ms. Weingarten said.

      I can associate because I'm the one filling out all the form when I apply for schools since my parent can't read English.

    21. With so many variations on what constitutes higher education and even more assortments of family structures, it’s no wonder there are lots of ways to slice and dice the label.

      I feel that each school system like UC, CSU, or maybe private should have at least some rule like labeling be the same. Instead of being base on how their system view a person.

    22. make degrees more affordable.

      Trying to reduce the costs of a degree, but how?

    23. Many education experts even use the terms “first gen” and “low income” interchangeably.

      It is assumed that first-gen students come from low-income families which is not always the case

    24. They also try to make degrees more affordable.

      They're trying to reduce the cost of college which should be a main goal

    25. they have intensified their efforts to enroll and lift disadvantaged students.

      that's a really good thing for the disadvantaged students

    26. stymies

      ?

    27. ways: the legislative definition (no parent in the household has a bachelor’s degree) and the two used for research (no education after high school; no degree after high school)

      makes sense for someone to be considered a first gen

    28. It will select 240 first gens to attend for free all four years; they will receive a computer, books and travel between semesters at no cost.

      this is wild

    29. the legislative definition (no parent in the household has a bachelor’s degree) and the two used for research (no education after high school; no degree after high school)

      First Gen Status

    30. fuzziest

      what does fuzziest mean?

    31. most first-generation students come from families with low incomes and minimal exposure to college

      What if they are not from a low-income family and minimal exposure to college? What would they be considered?

    32. increase their recruiting of first-generation students this year

      More privileged for first- gen students because they have no guidance from their parents?

    33. In fact, the boy was first gen, at least according to the Higher Education Act, which says that, for federal programs, only the education level of parents who regularly live with a student should be counted.

      I agree with this and do believe that this shouldn't have even been questioned in the first place. He had lived with him mom and only ever knew his mom, he had no involvement with his father whatsoever.

    34. To me, that boy was first gen all the way. He wasn’t raised by his father.”

      I do believe that this boy and all students who were raised by a single parent and have no involvement with the other should be able to qualify as "first gen students".

    35. students who could be called first gen in a 7,300 sample ranged from 22 percent to 77 percent

      Can apply to most students because most parents do not have a college degree, which would make the student a first generation.

    36. The school considered a student first generation only if neither parent had a bachelor’s degree

      I wouldn't say that he is considered a first generation because even though his father passed away, his father would still be the first generation.

    37. his father had a degree

      Did his father go to college in another country? Wouldn't it still count if his father do have a degree?

    38. The student’s mother had never enrolled in college

      unfair possible disadvantage as opportunities may have been hard for certain people

    39. If students who attended a four-year college had parents with no education after high school, only 50 percent graduated within six years. If at least one parent had some college but no degree, the graduation rate was 57 percent. But if at least one parent had an associate degree or higher, the rate jumped to 72 percent.

      Students who had parents with no degree had a smaller chance of graduating.

    40. Many education experts even use the terms “first gen” and “low income” interchangeably.

      They assume first gen college students come from a low income family because their parents don't have a degree.

    41. The school considered a student first generation only if neither parent had a bachelor’s degree.

      The boy couldn't be considered a first gen college student just because his father who never got to know had a degree. He grew up with no knowledge of college because all he had was his mother.

    42. are we trying to do with the definition

      basically help low income students with disadvantages

    43. One student, raised by his stepfather, wondered if he’d be disqualified because his biological father had a degree

      Extremely unique circumstances may prevent being considered first gen

    44. first-gen student on the East Coast who arrived at her counseling appointment in a Porsche

      first gen does not mean that they're poor...

    45. ry to make degrees more affordable.

      mission to reduce costs of degrees

    46. students who could be called first gen in a 7,300 sample ranged from 22 percent to 77 percent

      The definition of first gen could almost apply to a majority of students

    47. To me, that boy was first gen all the way. He wasn’t raised by his father

      Different meanings of first gen from school and parent established

    48. In fact, the boy was first gen, at least according to the Higher Education Act, which says that, for federal programs, only the education level of parents who regularly live with a student should be counted.

      Yes I agree with this, he is still a first generation, because he father passed when he was just a child

    1. These students entered college poor. They left on their way to the middle class and often the upper middle class.

      city colleges are pushing people to where they want to go

    2. To some New Yorkers, “City College” is now mostly a byword for nostalgia.

      college is an elitist system

    3. Improving higher education should be a national priority.

      Students who go to private schools traditionally do better then kids who go to public schools. The kids from the public schools are the ones dropping out. why do you have to pay to get better higher education

    4. Improving higher education should be a national priority.

      I feel like this idea should be stressed, especially with the high tuition fees in today's world

    5. ity University of New York system propelled almost six times as many low-income students into the middle class and beyond as all eight Ivy League campuses, plus Duke, M.I.T., Stanford and Chicago, combined.

      Private university aren't helping low income students as compared to a public university who is helping students change economic classes.

    6. These students entered college poor. They left on their way to the middle class and often the upper middle class.

      A college degree helps you changed which economic class you fall in.

    7. The heyday of the colleges that serve America’s working class can often feel very long ago. It harks back to the mid-20th century, when City College of New York cost only a few hundred dollars a year and was known as the “Harvard of the proletariat.”

      Colleges are no longer serving the working class, college cost so much. Why? When years ago is cost only a few hundred compared to thousands.

    8. itself

      It wouldnt let me highlight the whole thing.

      Working students need to have access to college and work and still be able to pay for it all, on what they make. That should be a possibility if enough effort put in.

    9. More recently, these universities have seemed to struggle, with unprepared students, squeezed budgets and high dropout rates.

      I can’t say i’m surprised by this because now a days colleges are so expensive many people do not have enough money to attend college or even a junior college. Also people do are able to attend college may realize that it is more expensive than they thought which explains the drop out rate.

    10. proletariat.

      pro·le·tar·i·at Dictionary result for proletariat /ˌprōləˈterēət/Submit noun workers or working-class people, regarded collectively (often used with reference to Marxism). "the growth of the industrial proletariat" synonyms: the workers, working-class people, wage-earners, the laboring classes, the common people, the ordinary people, the lower classes, the masses, the commonalty, the rank and file, the third estate, the plebeians; More the lowest class of citizens in ancient Rome.

    11. hese more typical campuses, students often work while they’re going to college. Some are military veterans, others learned English as a second language and others are in their mid-20s or 30s.

      Students are stretched thin, and needs will typically rule the decision to drop out or stay in school.

    12. Dropout rates are high, saddling students with debt but no degree

      dropping out means debt and no degree

    13. There are a lot of people who would not go to college at all, and would not get an education at all

      College are not for everyone and there are other ways to succeed or get a job without a college degree

    14. making more money than their parents as soon as they start their first post-college job

      Most parents don't make much for a living or even have a stable job..

    15. these universities have seemed to struggle, with unprepared students, squeezed budgets and high dropout rates

      Colleges are different from high school, plus some people cannot afford to attend college which causes high dropout rates

    16. The reason is clear. State funding for higher education has plummeted. It’s down 18 percent per student, adjusted for inflation, since 2008, according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. The financial crisis pinched state budgets, and facing a pinch, some states decided education wasn’t a WB_wombat_top priority.“It’s really been a nightmare,” said Diana Natalicio, UTEP’s president and herself a first-generation college graduate. “The state does not recognize — and it’s not just in Texas — the importance that the investment in public education has for the economy and so many other things. Education was for me, and for many of the rest of us, the great opportunity creator.”

      What a surprise to think that money is going down for funds to states for college.

    17. Pavia grew up in Canutillo, a poor neighborhood in El Paso, the son of a construction worker and house cleaner. He did well enough in high school to attend many colleges but — as frequently happens with low-income students — was not willing to leave home at age 18 for an unfamiliar world. “I just didn’t feel like I was ready to go out to college on my own,” he said. “So I decided to stay home and save money.”

      Does Texas not offer Financial aids to students?

    18. After all, the earnings gap between four-year college graduates and everyone else has soared in recent decades. The unemployment rate for college graduates today is a mere 2.5 percent.

      This article from 2017 may not be too accurate.

    19. They remain deeply impressive institutions that continue to push many Americans into the middle class and beyond — many more, in fact, than elite colleges that receive far more attention.

      Will I really be able to beat a Stanford student when applying for a job ?

    20. Out West, California built an entire university system that was both accessible and excellent

      Csu or UC ?

    21. “There is a real problem with the elite privates and flagship publics in not serving as many low-income students as they should,”

      I agree with this as the cost of college has not made it easy or possible for those who come from low-income families to succeed in obtaining a college education or degree.

    22. these universities have seemed to struggle, with unprepared students, squeezed budgets and high dropout rates.

      Many universities have high drop out rates which can't necessarily be fixed as each individual has their own reasons on as to why they leave

    23. Education was for me, and for many of the rest of us, the great opportunity creator.

      there should be more investment into public education for it liberates many and gives them purpose to move forward and have their dream(s) become reality

    24. City University of New York system propelled almost six times as many low-income students into the middle class and beyond as all eight Ivy League campuses, plus Duke, M.I.T., Stanford and Chicago, combined.

      elite colleges not taking their responsibility seriously and help the students who attend the school

    25. On several dozen of campuses, remarkably, fewer students hail from the entire bottom half of the income distribution than from the WB_wombat_top 1 percent.

      this shows that those in the bottom are welcomed and are ready to pursue college and succeed

    26. UTEP to teach an intensive two-week class on business and law. Pavia’s story is the classic story of the American dream.

      UTEP helps students of all social standards

    27. “There are a lot of people who would not go to college at all, and would not get an education at all, if they had to go through some selective criteria,

      don't want to be judged or think that they won't be able to succeed

    28. success stories are real, too, and they’re fairly common

      why are they so similar

    29. Dropout rates are high, saddling students with debt but no degree. For-profit colleges perform the worst, and a significant number of public colleges also struggle.

      why do profit colleges perform worst than those of non profit?

    30. Baruch graduates, he added, are making more money than their parents as soon as they start their first post-college job.

      this is interesting, would it have to do with the demand of certain majors along with increase in salary or not

    31. These students entered college poor. They left on their way to the middle class and often the upper middle class.

      both graduates and dropouts were able to climb the economic ladder

    32. many of them are performing much better than their new stereotype suggests.

      they're helping students finish their education even with the obstacles the school(s) themselves are facing

    33. unprepared students, squeezed budgets and high dropout rates.

      did they do nothing to try and better their education as well as helping them?

    34. West, California built an entire university system that was both accessible and excellent.

      affordable and equal higher education opportunities

    35. performing much better than their new stereotype suggests.

      .how so?

    36. More recently, these universities have seemed to struggle, with unprepared students, squeezed budgets and high dropout rates. To some New Yorkers, “City College” is now mostly a byword for nostalgia.

      .high drop out rates .

  3. Jan 2019
    1. healthy relationship with all technology,

      main idea summarized

    2. We do not face a simple choice of digital or analog. That is the false logic of the binary code that computers are programmed with, which ignores the complexity of life in the real world.

      key idea- author knows we cannot live without the technology we already have

    3. but learning happens best when we build upon the relationships between students, teachers and their peers.

      social interaction is extremely important

    4. but has outperformed digital learning experiments

      i agree that some things- such as a teacher in a classroom rather than online cannot be replaced

    5. encouraging human interaction

      not artificial like that of social media

    6. feeling of belonging.

      main idea about analog giving a sense of home

    7. real places where we live.

      can be debated that communities found online are very real to many people

    8. the walled garden of analog saves both time and inspires creativity.

      main idea of the article- for analog devices

    9. powerful efficiency in that simplicity

      minimalism is becoming increasingly popular in all aspects of life

    10. unparalleled with anything delivered through a screen

      this is true- but there are things that the analog devices cannot due that are essential to everyday life

    11. But younger consumers who never owned a turntable and have few memories of life before the internet drive most of the current interest in analog

      this is ironic since the trend was started by social media

    12. Vinyl records have witnessed a decade-long boom in popularity (more than 200,000 newly pressed records are sold each week in the United States)

      interesting that this became a trend among teens

    13. Nearly half of millennials worry about the negative effects of social media on their mental and physical health, according to the American Psychiatric Association.

      can cause major self esteem issues as well as can be a public health issue- lack of exercise

    14. Facebook and Twitter are eroding our democratic institutions

      huge issue in today's news

    15. it was revolutionary at the time it came out

  4. Dec 2018
    1. I believe you should take a very, very, very aggressive stance against radical Islam. And I realize there are other aspects that are not as militant and not as aggressive and that’s fine.

      He should just say the word "crusades" and save us the anticipation. What does he mean by "aggressive military'' response? The West has been doing that faithfully for a while now. The War in Iraq and Afghanistan being two of many examples. Does Bannon think the wars in Iraq were "not aggressive enough"? Does Bannon have no sympathy for the civilians killed by the hundreds of thousands due to the U.S.' political ego trips in the Middle East? Where's Bannon's empathy? Is he a sociopath? Or is his identity so solidified and rigid in who he "thinks he is as an American" he simply cannot "interpret" human beings who practice Islam as "human" like him and his loved ones?

    2. And so I think we are in a crisis of the underpinnings of capitalism, and on top of that we’re now, I believe, at the beginning stages of a global war against Islamic fascism.

      The only fascism which has the means and capability to cause wide spread death on a large scale is the fascism Bannon subtly proposes while claiming Islam is the fascist one. Turning away Muslim immigrants/refugees who are fleeing war torn areas, much of which was spurred by U.S. & European involvement in these areas, precisely because they are people of Muslim faith is Fascism 101.

    3. By SCOTT SHANE FEB. 1, 2017

      Shane has been apart of Pulitzer Prize winning news teams centering on U.S. & International Affairs. He has done extensive work on Russian interference in the U.S. 2016 election and U.S. involvement in the Middle East. Has written on interrogation, torture, and federal contracting. He seems objective enough.

    4. It’s very easy to play to our baser instincts, and we can’t do that. But our forefathers didn’t do it, either. And they were able to stave this off, and they were able to defeat it, and they were able to bequeath to us a church and a civilization that really is the flower of mankind, so I think it’s incumbent on all of us to do what I call a gut check, to really think about what our role is in this battle that’s before us.

      What is the psychological power of Bannon asserting his world view as the "correct" and only alternative available?

    5. And I would ask everybody in the audience today, because you really are the movers and drivers and shakers and thought leaders in the Catholic Church today, is to think, when people 500 years from now are going to think about today, think about the actions you’ve taken — and I believe everyone associated with the church and associated with the Judeo-Christian West that believes in the underpinnings of that and believes in the precepts of that and want to see that bequeathed to other generations down the road as it was bequeathed to us, particularly as you’re in a city like Rome, and in a place like the Vatican, see what’s been bequeathed to us — ask yourself, 500 years from today, what are they going to say about me? What are they going to say about what I did at the beginning stages of this crisis?

      He sounds like the Pope inspiring soldiers to fight in the Roman army for the crusades. Bannon is trying to inspire a return to glory in his alt right audience.

    6. Asked how the West should respond to the threat from radical Islam and “not lose itself in the process,” Mr. Bannon for the first time drops the adjectives and talked simply about the “struggle against Islam.”

      In my opinion, the key is to not engage these distorted world views that are only validated by giving them attention...but what is the solution? Bannon speaks to archaic and base fears of a conquering, exploitative society and finds the most resonance in the very identities which are most invested in said society and its domineering narratives. How to combat it?

    7. I think strong countries and strong nationalist movements in countries make strong neighbors, and that is really the building blocks that built Western Europe and the United States, and I think it’s what can see us forward.

      Selective memory is amazing. Nationalism built in racism, intolerance, systematic oppression and the socio-economic and political crippling and exploitation of non-white groups is literally the "building blocks" of Western Europe and the United States. Does Bannon TRULY not understand this or consider this? Goes to show how at the end of the day, our identities override and influence our worldview in such an all enveloping way that any information which contradicts this view in many cases will not register. Chilling.

    8. And that unpleasant fact is that there is a major war brewing, a war that’s already global. It’s going global in scale, and today’s technology, today’s media, today’s access to weapons of mass destruction, it’s going to lead to a global conflict that I believe has to be confronted today. Every day that we refuse to look at this as what it is, and the scale of it, and really the viciousness of it, will be a day where you will rue that we didn’t act.

      Bannon draws the audience and the reader into his dooms day world view whether they agree with its validity or not.

    9. But I strongly believe that whatever the causes of the current drive to the caliphate was — and we can debate them, and people can try to deconstruct them — we have to face a very unpleasant fact:

      Careful! Can't accidentally step into the truth!

      Bannon slides by the historic and modern forms of U.S. & European Imperialism which has so destabilized and undermined socio-economic and political prosperity in the Middle East. He brushes by the historical facts of animosity toward the U.S. and Europe being based in ill treatment by the West toward Muslim majority countries (Bannon is elite educated, so he must be aware of them, right? Does he truly not believe these historical truths are relevant or is he intentionally misleading a (perhaps) largely uneducated biased audience?) Moral ambiguity and political nuance leaves room for empathy and doesn't mesh well with racist, xenophobic and fascist rhetoric like a binary, "A Righteous Us vs an Evil Them" worldview does.

    10. particularly when you deal with the elites,

      Populism Bells! Who are the "elites" and why would they not want Judeo-Christian tenets "defended" according to Bannon's world view?

    11. It’s a great question. I certainly think secularism has sapped the strength of the Judeo-Christian West to defend its ideals, right?

      I don't think Bannon is a practicing Christian (if it matters any) but he uses the historic and emotional appeal of Christianity as a political tool. Bannon sees Christianity as an imagined juxtaposition to Islam and uses this unspoken assumption to appeal to xenophobic, Islamophobic, and racist audiences.

    12. They have a Twitter account up today, ISIS does, about turning the United States into a “river of blood” if it comes in and tries to defend the city of Baghdad. And trust me, that is going to come to Europe. That is going to come to Central Europe, it’s going to come to Western Europe, it’s going to come to the United Kingdom.

      Fascism needs conviction, but statistically flimsy and unfounded claims from Bannon. ISIL is not a "state" and has neither the means nor the capability to significantly overthrow or pose an "existential" threat to an European or a U.S. government. But the truth isn't convenient for ideologues. He has a habit (or strategy) of proclaiming fear based opinion as inevitable fact.

    13. Mr. Bannon discusses the hopes of the Islamic State,also known as ISIS or ISIL, to slaughter people in Western Europe and the United States:

      emotionally provocative language Bannon uses for a political purpose.

    14. They have driven 50,000 Christians out of a town near the Kurdish border. We have video that we’re putting up later today on Breitbart where they’ve took 50 hostages and thrown them off a cliff in Iraq.

      Bannon's website fuels an alt right audience who feeds on hatred and opposition toward the perceived Other. Bannon stirring up flames of fear and loathing isn't "righteous" reporting like he seems to believe. It only feeds generalized Islamophobia, paranoid and dangerous preconceived notations which incentives alt right fanatics to target Muslim Americans/Europeans they may encounter on a day to day basis.

    15. He emphasizes their targeting of Christians and their use of contemporary social media:

      Fear mongering

    16. Vatican meeting of the Institute for Human Dignity, a conservative Catholic group based in Rome.

      Is Bannon just spreading his far right ideology to whoever he thinks will be a willing and receptive audience?

    17. the order “is not a Muslim ban” and noted that it singled out only seven of about 50 majority-Muslim countries.

      Didn't some of the countries excluded from the ban, such as Saudi Arabia, have business ties to the Trump family? Since Bannon is such an alt right ideologue, what did he think of this political compromise?

    18. Stephen K. Bannon, the former chief of Breitbart News and now President Trump's chief strategist, was the main driver of the president’s rapid signing of the executive order on immigration on Friday, which set off a political firestorm

      Bannon is a popular figure, nationally and internationally, for being linked to the Trump campaign. However, he left (or was ousted) shortly after Trump took office. With Bannon's support Trump won a large section of alt right, very conservative U.S. voters.

    19. Stephen Bannon in 2014: WeAre at War With Radical Islam

      Bannon is an ex-government official and a right wing public figure. Is his individual interpretations of Islam important enough to continue reading? The NYT seems to think so.

    1. As far as math anxiety, “many many more girls and women than men are anxious,”

      The addition of this quote highlights how stigma of 'girls being worse than boys at math' is internalized within young girls. It is not directly what people say on how well girls can achieve, but rather the cumulation of girl-math stigmas that impact self image. The biggest barrier for achievement is anticipating failure: anxiety.

  5. Nov 2018
    1. To help students develop new-economy skills, he said, every school must provide an equitable digital learning environment — including giving every student the same device

      Like i said in a previous comment, I think that having technology be a part of a school's curriculum allows students the advantage of learning how to use technology as a means to gain knowledge at an early age.

    1. The police had said in mid-August that they had found someone else’s DNA on Ms. Vetrano’s hands, throat and cellphone — the most promising early lead. But the samples they took did not match any stored in national databases containing profiles of known offenders.

      Did not match any initial convictions.

    2. Before long, her father called her cellphone, but she did not answer. He tried again and again. After two hours

      Helpless victim.

    3. It is a secluded park off Jamaica Bay where homeless people camp and teenagers roar by on all-terrain vehicles, even though A.T.V.s are prohibited in the park, part of the sprawling Gateway National Recreation Area. Ms. Vetrano was jogging on a fire trail, a pathway three miles long and just wide enough for a fire truck. She knew the route because she and her father had often jogged there, but she had gone alone that night because he had hurt his back.

      Environmental design is terrible here.

    4. On Sunday, Mr. Vetrano said he would continue his campaign for familial searching.

      White people must fight for the police to help them

    5. “Our sorrow is so endlessly painful that hearing the news is not what I expected,” Mrs. Vetrano said. “There’s no happiness.”

      thoughts and prayers thoughts and prayers

    6. The chief also said the attack “appears to be a chance encounter.”

      More random attacking moral panic ensuing.