55 Matching Annotations
  1. Jul 2018
    1. The Standards set grade-specific standards but do not define the intervention methods or materials necessary to support students who are well below or well above grade-level expectations.

      When it comes to students who are below grade-level expectations. It is important for not only the general education teacher, but the special education teacher as well to understand the needs of the student and modify that standards to fit that student.

    2. they do not describe all that can or shouldbe taught

      This is why it is important for teachers to be creative in their lesson plans and help their students expand on the information given to them.

    3. 6 | iNTrOduCTiONCommon Core State StandardS for enGLISH LanGUaGeartS & LIteraCy In HIStory/SoCIaL StUdIeS, SCIenCe, and teCHnICaL SUbjeCtS1.The Standards define what all students are expected to know and be able to do, not how teachers should teach.

      I agree.

    4. The Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects (“the Standards”) are the culmination of an extended, broad-based effort to fulfill the charge issued by the states to create the next generation of K–12 standards in order to help ensure that all students are college and career ready in literacy no later than the

      This states how important the Common Core State Standards are. They are the foundation of our students' learning. It is our job as educators to uses these standards to expand our students' knowledge.

    1. students must be able to understand and describe the text before they are able to analyze its elements.

      I agree. A student can not understand the elements of literature if they can not understand what is happening in the text.

    1. Important hints that an author drops to prepare the reader for what is to come, and help the reader anticipate the outcome.

      Something that always gets me excited when reading a book.

    1. Charlotte's Web

      I always enjoyed Charlotte's Web. I always thought it had a good story line and taught us about friendship, courage, and that change is not always a bad thing.

  2. Jun 2018
    1. I am very careful to make sure the books I have come from reputable publishers, I read everything before I put it on the shelf, and I am watching out for your kids,”

      It is important that school libraries have appropriate books for every grade in the school (entertainment and educational).

    2. build great confidence in new readers

      Building confidence in students when it comes to reading is very important. Not only will students learn to read better, they will also enjoy reading.

    3. Prose books and comics are challenged for the same reasons,” Brownstein says. “Content addressing the facts of life about growing up, like sexuality, sexual orientation, race issues, challenging authority, and drug and alcohol use are causes for challenges. [Profanity] is often a factor,” as is violence.

      These are difficult subjects to introduce to children. Age and maturity level play a huge factor in "the right time" to introduce these subjects.

    1. pedagogical

      The method and practice of teaching

    2. youth prepare for a “performance of possibilities”(Madison,2005) as they share their writing publicly; that is, they use classroom forums, micro-phones, and stages as a way to (re)present themselves to the world

      I think it is interesting that Winn uses the term "performance of possibilities". Reading your written work outlaid, especially for struggling readers and writers can possibly feel challenging. However, I think this is a great approach to broadening the students thinking of their own work, as well as the critique and comments of other students works in search of who they are as a writer and their ultimate goals

  3. Feb 2018
    1. y. Not only did Jennifer struggle with keeping students in her class and out of in-school suspension, but she also had to deal with constant interruptions. By December, the students' instructional time had

      I can't imagine being a teacher and trying to create a community in such a broken classroom. I think this would also be hard on the students who were not removed from the original class.

    2. found that these students really struggled with maintaining a positive discursive environment. For example, many of their language practices dom inated discussion groups, such as giving orders, using insults, and disagreeing.

      I think it is so hard for these students to act any differently because even though they are in school during the day, once they leave school they are in rough neighborhoods where they can't escape the bad ways to act. These kids have also grown up around this violence and meanness towards one another. Outside of school many of them may not have examples of how to treat other people fairly.

    3. s part of a writing activity for fifth graders, I asked the stu dents to write a description of their community. Dale responded, "It is a dirty neighborhood, there was a shooting in my backyard. There is a store on the cor ner that got robbed two times." Kelly echoed, "It's dirty with too much drugs. There are bad kids, aban doned buildings; it stinks like fish, people getting killed and stray cats."

      As a teacher who teaches in a community like this it is important to be there for your students. If they are living in such a place like this, creating a safe welcoming environment in the class room is something that can really help change their attitudes about school.

    4. d the re search that collaboration and group work can lead to positive conseque

      Although children can get silly when working in groups i think group work is a great idea. This allows them to take a break from sitting at their desk and working independently, while creating a learning environment. Using guided reading sheets might be the best thing to help children stay on task. Also if a class gets too silly with group work the teacher should warn them that if they cannot work nicely together they will go back to independent work. This may help the children to work better.

    1. ncour age using written conversations to talk about books of interest. This format provides for regular feedback to students and establishes an audit trail for student progress.

      I think its important for children to have a trail of their progress in school. Although not everything can be done on paper, by having some different pieces of school work the student, teacher and parent can all look back and reflect on everything that was learned and how the child grew as a student.

    2. tudents should take responsibility for filling in the blanks in the state-of-the-class chart. From this practice, children develop a sense that responsibility comes along with op portunity. This simple record keeping process provides teachers with a daily audit trail of student activity and requires minimal te

      The idea of students having to fill in their own charts is a great idea. Not only does it instill responsibility like the paragraph suggests, but it also teaches students that they are the ones who determine the outcome of their work. If they were to not fill out the chart they would have nothing to show the teacher and the teacher would have nothing to grade for them.

    3. ni-lessons allow teachers to ful fill local curriculum mandates regarding stu dent performance objectives a

      By teachers using mini lessons the students learning strategies can be much broader than doing a standardized lesson or test. Teachers can incorporate outside things to engage the students more, they can also change the level depending on their students. This will provide a comfortable working and learning space for all students.

  4. Jun 2017
    1. HMR allows patching the browser state without a full refresh making it particularly handy with libraries like React where a refresh blows away the application state. The Hot Module Replacement appendix covers the feature in detail.

      Why you should prefer hot module replacement in a React development context: a full refresh, the kind your standard webpack-dev-server defaults to, will obliterate application state in React!

  5. Feb 2017
  6. Oct 2016
    1. etry is often neglected in classroom literacy experiences (Denman, 1988). We have discovered, however, that it is a genre that is not only accessible to primary children, but can be the genre that excites children and motivates them to read and write. A

      I highly agree with this statement. When I was in elementary school, particularly 3rd grade I remember briefly learning about poetry and creating poems. When I look back I remember being excited to learn, it was a creative outlet that had no rules, only suggestions. My teacher told us to rhyme words and come up with any topic we wanted to write about. for those artistically inclined such as myself, I saw this as an opportunity to express myself similarly to a price of artwork but through the way I arrange text. If more children were exposed to this creative form of writing, they could develop an interest in their writing at an early age.

  7. Mar 2016
    1. ead great poetry. Use your own definition of "great" poetry. It doesn't matter what sort of poetry you read, just pick some thing that you enjoy. The most important thing you can do is get to know a poem yourself and understand why it speaks to you before attempting to use it in your classro

      I agree! If teachers are well versed in reading powerful poetry than they will be more confident in teaching it. Students notice if teachers believe what they teach.

    1. uring the poetry unit, poetry is read at this time.

      At this time it is so important to choose quality poetry for examples! Using multicultural/diverse examples does double the work for teachers.

  8. Feb 2016
    1. iterature response logs are regular records, usually daily, that children keep as running diaries of their read ing. Third, they may update their reading re cords.

      This is a lesson in responsibility as the students update their reading logs after each SSR and of course adds the writing component to independent reading. Students can be proud of their reading logs and it will help them during sharing time as well. Also this instills a sense of ownership for students as it is their reading log about the books they chose which differs from their classmates.

    2. o offset this state of emotional neutrality in classrooms, teachers must thoughtfully re consider how reading instruction may be reor ganized to rekindle a sense of joy and ownershi

      Yes! This sense of joy and ownership connected to literature is intended to create interest in literature that will last. Students would hopefully be proud of the book they read and as they grow up, be proud of books they own and can recommend to others. I know this is true for me.

    3. he only problem associated with this second block of sharing time is stopping. Sticking to the 10-minute time limit is often very difficult because children sincerely enjoy this time for sharing their ideas, work, and discoverie

      The fact that kids are enjoying the sharing time and what they have to share, is incredible! It shows that allowing students to choose their literature can create an extremely engaged population of students.

    4. r. Sheets also notes that mini-lessons force him to be concise in his demonstrations of skills in real reading situations.

      When Mr. Sheets is forced to be concise it can be very beneficial for the students. Since he has to be short and to the point the children are given the information right away and not given too much all at once to take in.

    5. ome teachers like to act in the role of "recorder" for the group or "wait in silence."

      I like the idea of the teacher as the "recorder" for the group. This allows for the kids to all stay engaged in what everyone is talking, while you get to write down what everyone is saying so you can reflect on it later.

    6. elf-selected reading. During SSR stu dents may become involved in one or more ac tivities (see Figure 1). To begin the workshop, students and teachers spend 10 minutes en gaged in free reading of a book they have cho sen for recreational reading or they may be reading goal pages established in their litera ture response group.

      I like that kids are able to read books of their choice so that they are more engaged. It will help keep them more interested in reading and help with their reading skills.

    1. turn on a CD of classical background music.

      Yes! Classical music has been proven to increase brain activity in children and adults. It also will help children focus in on their individual papers and keep interrupting behaviors to a minimum

    2. hen the timer bell sounds, the chil dren begin to write their entries on the lines provided below the spaces where they drew their illustrations. A

      Timed writing is an important skill to teach even in younger grades because in a few years students will be taking timed standardized tests.

    3. riting complete sentences writing sentences that ask a question

      These are two very important skills that kids should learn at a young age. I think it is great that the kids learn these things so they can better develop their writing from an early age. Complete sentences will also help them in oral language as well.

    4. Each child draws an illustration about the new or ongoing topic he or she has selected to write about. Children may talk with peers or with me about their topics or drawings.

      Being able to illustrate and visually represent an idea is very important for all students. This skill touches on fine motor skills, visual processing and conceptual thought. Very important part of the lesson and an effective check for understanding.

    5. any op portunities for connecting reading de coding skills with writing occur during these sessions.

      decoding skills for children are so important especially at a young age. If they can "learn to read" earlier then later on they will be "reading to learn" a lot more.

    6. ost of my direct writing instruc tion takes place during these brief ses sions, which may last up to 15 minutes.

      Personally I learn better from direct instructions rather than a big long lesson where some information may be lost. This is a good idea to have these mini lessons, as they are very beneficial to the kids.

    1. This cluster of social ills is rooted in what Garfinkel (1967) referred to as the “normals” view of gender: The belief that there are two, and only two, gender categories; that all people, with very few exceptions, fit neatly into one of those two gender categories; and that all people, with very few exceptions, fit neatly into the gender category they were assigned at birth.

      I think that it is a good thing that society is beginning to discard this thinking, and (although it may be slow) become more progressive in the belief that gender is not just a two-category, assigned from birth system.

    2. The project of this dissertation is to confront societal norms around gender, gender identity, and gender expression in order to open up spaces for children and adults to interrogate and explore their relationship to their own and others’ genders.

      I think the idea about "opening up spaces" for children (and adults) to explore their gender and sexuality is important. I feel that there is a great disparity in the amount of LGBT narratives in literature, and it is important that people who identify as such are able to be represented in literature.

    3. is a social justice concern not only for the estimated one in 500 American children who are “significantly gender variant or transgender” (Brill & Pepper, 2013, p. 2), and for the 4-6 percent of children who exhibit “gender variant behavior” (Hein & Berger, 2012; Van Beijsterveldt, Hudziak, & Boomsma, 2006), but for all learners, regardless of their gender identity or expression.

      This makes a great point that it is not just a social justice concern for the "significantly gender variant or transgender" but for all learners. It is important for everyone, not just children who are transgender or gender variant.

    4. Recent research suggests that the most frequent victims of bullying in K-12 schools are gender variant children: Those whose clothing, hairstyles, mannerisms, or other forms of self expression diverge from accepted norms for their assigned gender

      It really is sad to hear that anyone is getting bullied and especially for just expressing themselves in a way they feel appropriate. Just because someone is wearing different clothes or a different hairstyle does not give anyone the right to bully them. I think if kids are brought up from a young age without gender roles it can really help when they are growing up.

    5. Yet a growing body of research makes it clear that children begin to internalize dominant beliefs about gender as early as preschool

      This is very interesting because a lot of people (including me) probably don't know this. The preschool teachers don't know what kind of affect they can have on kids as young as this when it comes to gender roles.

    6. Cultural expectations about gender are folded into, for example, the spoken and tacit rules for how women and men, girls and boys, should dress and carry their bodies and engage with others and make decisions about relationships, family, and careers.

      I totally agree with this statement that there are all these social norms about men and women and how we should act. In reality, it is your life and you can do whatever you want and carry yourself anyway that you want. You should not have to go about your life a certain way because "everyone" thinks you should.

    1. he African American abolitionist Frederick Douglass recalled how reading two books set him on his life's course: the political essays and dialogues in The Columbian Orator, edited by David Blight (New York University Press, 1998), which Douglass read in early adolescence; and the piquant documents of the abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison.

      The fact that Frederick Douglass can attribute his political success just shows how important meaningful high interest texts can be to disenfranchise populations. I'm sure many lives have been and can be change with literature.

    1. Because of this, reading education has to go beyond scientific considerations to include the social,political, and cultural dimensions, if our students are to become the kinds of readers we want in ademocratic society.

      Yes! I think social, political and cultural dimensions are immensely important to teaching and arguably more important than the scientific considerations. Although, all those dimensions mentioned, if taken into equal consideration, can be a recipe for success in the classroom.

    2. It is no longer enough to fill the classroom with high-quality books and read aloud one or twoeach day. Reading aloud and creating a literate environment are necessary but insufficient forimplementing a literature-based approach to reading instruction. A shift in theoretical understandingsneeds to accompany this shift in instructional resources

      Serafini makes a good point here. If teaching a child how to read just meant reading books aloud and filling a room with high quality books then any literate parent can homeschool their child. Though it is important to do those things as a teacher, there is clearly much more to teaching literature.

    1. Reading a great book changes us.

      This is a great message that relates back to the beginning of the article. If a great book really does change us, imagine how much it can change a child who can relate to it. Using books that all children can relate to can make some great changes in the classroom.

    2. but the message is too important to be filed away. This work must be must shared with educators.

      I think this is a great point that this work needs to be shared. The more people/educators it is shared with, the more publicity it will get. Eventually it will make its way to the CCSS.

    3. When classroom collections are largely by and about white people, white children have many more opportunities to make connections and become proficient readers.

      It makes sense that if you are surrounded by something you can relate to then you will do better. How can we expect children of color to succeed at such high level;s if the are not given relateable materials?

  9. Jan 2016
    1. The greatest advantage Webpack has over these tools is Hot Module Replacement (HMR). In short, it provides a way to patch the browser state without a full refresh. We'll discuss it in more detail when we go through the React setup
  10. Sep 2014
    1. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS (SHARE YOUR ANSWERS BELOW IN THE COMMENTS SECTION)

      What are we doing about discussion?

    1. A final exercise will challenge you to bring the skills you hone through this process to bear on a complex scenario involving several ethical issues.

      change to reflect change in module