74 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2019
    1. πολλαῖς χιλιάσιν ἐπέων

      cf. Callimachus, Aetia, fr. 1.4–5: εἵνεκεν οὐχ ἓν ἄεισμα διηεκὲς ἢ βασιλ[η ....]ας ἐν πολλαὶς ἤνυσα χιλιάσιν

      "[They criticize me] Because I haven't completed one continuous song in many thousands of lines."

    2. ὀλιγόστιχα

      Cf. Callimachus Aetia, fr. 1.9: ὀλιγόστιχος, ἀλλὰ καθλέλκει.

  2. Jun 2019
    1. The Russian philosopher and literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin, writing throughout the 1930s and 40s, suggested that the nature of language is dialogical. He argued that both written and spoken language is always in dialogue with other texts and authors.
  3. Apr 2019
  4. gutenberg.net.au gutenberg.net.au
    1. if Charlotte understood it at all, not very moral; and being moreover by no means pleased with his extraordinary style of compliment

      Here Charlotte sounds remarkably reminiscent of Fanny in Austen's Mansfield Park. Only seldom do Austen's heroines so pointedly critique the morality of fellow characters. Furthermore, both Fanny and Charlotte criticize the morality of character's choices in literature.

    2. agreeing to walk,

      The conversation that takes place between Sir Edward and Charlotte is highly reminiscent of the conversation between Catherine and the Tilney siblings in Austen's Northanger Abbey. Both take place during a walk overlooking the sea and focus on a discussion of famous literary works of the time.

    3. Charlotte began to feel that she must check herself

      This form of self awareness in Charlotte is not common in Jane Austen characters ,such as Catherine or Fanny. Self-awareness is a characteristic that these characters have to develop. This poses a question to what qualities Charlotte has to develop throughout the novel. Development of character is a commonly discussed theme in Austen novels. Potentially, Charlotte's self-awareness of her qualities that make her a heroine could be her character development.

    4. The shops were deserted.

      The emptiness of Sanditon is quite contrary to past resort towns, such as Bath in Northanger Abbey. When both are compared the emptiness of Sanditon is emphasized, creating a new hollow isolated setting.

    5. library subscription book

      Circulating libraries are repeatedly mentioned throughout Jane Austen novels as her books themselves can be picked up from them. Furthermore, many of past Jane Austen characters are bookworms such as Catherine in Northanger Abbey and so is Charlotte in Sanditon.

    6. have butcher's meat raised

      Sanditon is one of the only Jane Austen novels that go into details into the making of money, and more importantly the daily finances of families of the regency era. It is interesting that a female character expresses such an understanding to the working of the economy.

    7. abode of a gentleman

      Mr. Parker's characterization of country life is extremely different from Mr. Heywood's experiences, leaving Mr. Heywood astonished. Austen frequently explores the contrast between citygoer's "vision" of country life and its reality. Another example is in Sense and Sensibility, when Captain Willoughby (representing the city) declares that no renovations should be made to a cottage (representing the countryside) to preserve its quaintness, despite its inhabitants protests of tangible issues, like "dark narrow stairs and a kitchen that smokes."

    8. for the sake of a glimpse of the Miss Beauforts

      Marriage plot again, will Arthur end up with one of the Beauforts?

    9. there could not have been a more favourable spot for the seclusion of the Miss Beauforts

      Austen is making fun of women like the Beauforts who claim they want to be private but really go out of their way to make themselves known to everyone

    10. he made the acquaintance for Sir Edward's sake

      Marriage plot emerges here, Lady Denham wants Sir Edward to marry Miss Lamb for her money

    11. meaning to be the most stylish girls in the place

      Music and drawing, two skills that made women "poplar" or considered properly educated at this time. A theme throughout Austen novels, having these skills made women accomplished and more suited for marriage.

    12. captivate some man of much better fortune than their own.

      Beginning of a marriage plot here? The Miss Beauforts want to marry for money over love. By marrying someone with money it might also help their social standing. This is a similar sentiment that we saw with Mary Crawford in "Mansfield Park" who was all about marrying to elevate her own status.

    13. as alert as ever.

      Ironic given that the sea air was supposed to kill her

    14. less clear-sighted and infallible

      Diana's being unable to make mistakes is a trait that reminds me of other Austen characters such as Emma from "Emma." While they both mean well they carry themselves with an sense of being "all knowing" and never wrong.

    15. 'Oh! Woman in our hours of ease

      Although Austen has not shied away from using other writers' work before, this is the first time she breaks her own narrative to insert direct quotes of theirs, emphasizing both the strangeness and awkwardness of Sir Edward's impassioned rant.

    16. who had never employed her.

      This just seems like such an odd job to take on when you have not met the person or been asked to do this. In other Austen novels we have seen some characters take on responsibilities without being asked but they normally have to do with relationships such as Emma and her match making n Emma or Lady Catherine de Bourgh getting involved with Darcy and Lizzy's relationship.

    17. the sea air would probably, in her present state, be the death of her

      Seems to be the opposite of what every other character says about sea air

    18. She has good natural sense, but quite uncultivated

      The fact that Mr. Parker feels comfortable enough to pass such strong judgment on the intellect of a woman who outranks him in both title and wealth is quite a contrast to Mr. Collins' constant flattery of and deference to Lady Catherine in Pride and Prejudice. See the beginning of Chapter 14 of Pride and Prejudice for Mr. Collins' opinion of Lady Catherine.

    19. company worth having and think we may safely reckon on securing you two large families, one a rich West Indian from Surrey, the other a most respectable Girls Boarding School, or Academy, from Camberwell

      Defining the "rich" West Indian family and the "most respectable" Girls Boarding Academy as "company worth having" is a direct commentary on the socioeconomic break downs of society and Austen's views / judgment on what makes a society or company worth having. In Emma, Austen uses Harriet and Mrs. Elton to have even more pointed conversations about who and what is respectable company.

    20. Every neighbourhood should have a great lady. The great lady of Sanditon was Lady Denham

      Lady Denham's status as the great lady of Sanditon is reminiscent of Lady Catherine de Bourgh's status as the great lady of Rosings in Austen's Pride and Prejudice. Both women are widows who yield a significant amount of power over the neighborhood in which they live.

    21. the sea air would probably be the death of me

      Diana's concern about the sea air and perils of a visit to Sanditon sounds similar to Mr. Woodhouse's complaints about weather and travels impacting his health in Emma.

    22. letters

      Letters are a recurring plot device in Austen's novels, from Knightley's declaration of love via letter to Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice to Frank Churchill's consistent apologies in letters to his father and step-mother (Mr. and Mrs. Weston) in Emma. Here, they serve as an opportunity for Austen to introduce the reader to a few new characters who will factor into the story later on.

    23. A young West Indian of large fortune

      First character we see who is not from England

    24. Impossible that it should be the same."

      Sense of irony here on the part of Austen because it is so obvious that these women are the same

    25. the indulgence of an indolent temper,

      Once again we see Charlotte "reading" the true nature of Arthur and seeing beyond the facade. She is very sensible like Elinor in "Sense and Sensibility." And even though she does not always voice how she actually sees people, she and Lizzy Bennet are similar in their directness.

    26. he only wanted it now for Miss Heywood.

      Is this how Arthur flirts with Charlotte? Through toast?

    27. It struck her, however,

      We have another instance of Free Indirect Discourse

    28. grees with me better than anything."

      This is a very odd dialogue scene. Something that we do not often get in Austen novels. The dialogue has nothing to do with the plot or getting to know the characters better (except about Arthur's weird habits)

    29. I should recommend rather more of it to you than I suspect you are in the habit of taking."

      Here I believe Charlotte sounds a bit like Lizzy Bennet. The two are both direct and tend to not hold back when it comes to being sassy or saying something that could be seen as controversial.

    30. I am very nervous.

      His "nervousness" is similar to Mrs. Bennet from P&P and maybe even Mr. Woodhouse from Emma?

    31. Such sights and sounds were highly blissful to Mr. Parker

      Austen's narration of Sanditon is highly fragmented compared to her other novels. Chapter 4 unfolds with Charlotte as the observer of Mr. Parker's ramblings, but this particular paragraph seems to be free indirect discourse via Mr. Parker's perspective. Austen usually adheres to an interplay of narration between her heroine and the speaker (Ex. Elizabeth of Pride and Prejudice and Fanny of Mansfield Park), yet Sanditon is less defined and balances several different perspectives.

    32. Yes indeed, I am sure we do

      This exchange demonstrates the dynamics that characterize the Parker's relationship. Mr. Parker is domineering, while Mrs. Parker is passive. Austen uses their relationship to explore married life, similar to her characterization of the Gardners of Pride and Prejudice or the Westons of Emma as positive examples, and the Bennetts of Pride and Prejudice as a dysfunctional example.

    33. Charlotte was to go, with excellent health, to bathe and be better if she could

      This draws parallels to Fanny Price from Mansfield Park, who was also sent to a new location in order to undergo character development and most importantly find someone on the marriage market.

    34. They were anti-spasmodic, anti-pulmonary, anti-septic, anti-billious and anti-rheumatic. Nobody could catch cold by the sea; nobody wanted appetite by the sea; nobody wanted spirits; nobody wanted strength.

      An example of free indirect discourse that taps into the perspective of Mr Parker. Free indirect discoures is a technique Austen frequently graces her audience where she uses third-person narration to portray the perspective of a character and their consciousness as they perceive the world.

    35. generally

      in her novels, Austen often uses moderate modality words that add a tone of speculation to her description. This addition of "generally" is similar to how Emma "seemed to unite some of the best blessings of existence" that encourages her audience to sense a disconnect between the general appearence and the exceptions.

    36. succeeding as eldest son

      In Austen's novels, birth order is an important aspect of one's identity, particularly in consideration of their expected fortune. One of the main issues a character who is not the eldest face is not being an inheritor of the fortune, which then affect their marriage prospect of freedom of choice. An example of such is Colonel Fitzwilliam in Pride and Prejudice, who is the youngest son of an earl without expectations of much inheritance and thus has to use marriage also to ensure his own financial security. This is also the case for Edmund in Mansfield Park who becomes a clergy to support himself.

    37. Heywoods were a thoroughly respectable family

      Similar to all the other families that Austen's characters happen to interact with - all "respectable" families of probably the gentry class. In Pride and Prejudice, the Bingleys were "of a respectable family in the north of England" (P12) while in Northanger Abbey, Mr Tilney was also "of a very respectable family in Gloucestshire" (p17).

    38. young lady, sickly and rich

      The characterization of Miss. Lambe as a young and sickly heiress mirrors Austen's characterization of Anne de Bourgh in Pride and Prejudice, who was also an heiress suffering from an illness.

    39. I could no more mention these things to Lady Denham

      Propriety overrides charity for Mrs. Parker. Likewise, in Austen's novels, many technically beneficial things are not said for fear of violating social decorum. This frustration is expressed by Elinor in Sense and Sensibility, when she could only guess at what others meant through allusions and off-hand comments, and is unable to prod the situation herself. Austen uses this dilemma to show the consequences of always adhering to social rules.

    40. bathing-place

      Sea-bathing is also mentioned in Emma as treatment for various maladies. In the scene, there is a debate as to whether sea-bathing is medically valid. The description of bathing-places as "young and rising" by Mr. Parker may indicate that it is a trend among the upperclass.

    41. attend their master

      In Austen's novels, servants are frequently alluded to but never distinctly characterized. More often than not, they blend into the background of the story. Why, with the prominent theme of class divisions, would Austen choose not to create active characters out of servants? It is possible that she views them as devices that reveal the true nature of members of the aristocracy/gentry. Nonetheless, we get glimpses into the lives of the working class, such as here, where we learn that "masters" like Mr. Heywood have many "haymakers," enough that he can summon three to four with there still being men, women, and children working in the fields. Read more about it here: http://www.jasna.org/persuasions/on-line/vol35no1/walshe.html

    42. modern Sanditon

      Modernity and fashionability are desirable characteristics that Mr. Parker is actively trying to cultivate in Sanditon. This is a marked departure from the value system that is practiced by characters in previous Austen novels. Pride and Prejudice's Darcy or Northanger Abbey's General Tilney are concerned with a preservation of inherited wealth and status, rather than the active generation of new wealth.

    43. They were sitting so near each other and appeared so closely engaged in gentle conversation

      Here Austen gives her readers the details of a rather scandalous encounter. In previous novels, the rules of courtship were broken off stage, only to be recounted later (Marianne and Willoughby, Lydia and Wickham, Maria and Henry). However, in this moment, the heroine is the sole witness of an unchaperoned visit, leaving the reader to wonder what plot Austen was planning to develop.

    44. they were glad to promote their getting out into the world as much as possible

      The Heywoods contrast Mr Woodhouse in Emma who was extremely cautious over his daugher and other young people being in the world.

    45. they were very accomplished and very ignorant

      Austen uses an apparent paradox to comment on the failure of accomplishments as the suitable form of education for young women, through the ironic characters that have equally all the considered accomplishments of the world and all the lack of proper understanding like Miss Bingley in Pride and Prejudice.

    46. For though I am only the dowager, my dear, and he is the heir, things do not stand between us in the way they commonly do between those two parties.

      Lady Denham and Sir Edward are in a similar situation to Lady Catherine de Bourgh and Mr. Darcy in Austen's Pride and Prejudice. Similarly, Lady Denham goes on to take an active role in Sir Edward's marital prospects, as well as urging the heroine not to pursue him, though perhaps in less aggressive terms than Lady Catherine to Lizzie Bennet.

    47. for Sir Edward must marry for money

      In a stark reversal from Pride and Prejudice, in this work Lady Denham suggests the man must marry for money instead of the heroine. This seems to flip the standard Austen plot revolving around the 'marriage market' on its head, and would surely have created conflict later on in the novel had Austen completed it.

    48. and I rubbed his ankle with my own hand for six hours without intermission

      Compared to most of Austen's other works, this incident is an extreme amount of contact and interaction between characters from different "socioeconomic classes." The servants and coachmen etc. are often mentioned in passing. Emma is said to do some charity work but it is also mentioned in broad terms and the reader is never shown a scene of such acts.

    49. two and twenty

      An appropriate age for most of Austen's heroins on the marriage market e.g. Emma is 21, Elizabeth is 20, Jane 22, Elinor 19

    50. who would enlarge her mind and open her hand

      The idea that Clara Brereton would improve Lady Denham in a certain manner diverges from the theme of improvement in Mansfield Park and Northanger Abbey. In those novels, it is the young girl, either Fanny or Catherine, whose mind is improved by the older individuals around her.

    51. gentlemanlike

      Another case of a landowner and "gentleman farmer" is Mr. Knightley in Emma.

    52. It is bad that he should be fancying himself too sickly for any profession and sit down at one and twenty, on the interest of his own little fortune, without any idea of attempting to improve it or of engaging in any occupation that may be of use to himself or others. But let us talk of pleasanter things.

      Conversations about the importance or necessity of an occupation are rare in Austen's novels. If they occur at all they are about men and often in the context of them needing a way to provide for their future family. Within that context, this comment from Mr. Parker directed at Sidney and pointedly addressing his socioeconomic status seems out of character for Austen and is one aspect that differentiates Sanditon from her other works.

    53. cooks, housemaids, washerwomen and bathing women

      Insight onto the different types of "help" a family like the Griffiths would have at this seaside resort

    54. helpless and more pitiable

      Lady Denham appears to have a savior complex that is similar to Emma's desire to improve Harriet's status in life. Lady Denham's taking in of a "helpless" girl is also similar to the Bertram's decision to take Fanny in and improve her.

    55. secured a proper house at eight guineas per week for Mrs. Griffiths

      Indicating that Mrs. Griffiths comes from a socioeconomic status that allows her to be in this new type of class that rents houses in beach towns for just a week. This is also something we have not seen other characters do in other Austen novels.

    56. new buildings might soon be looked for

      The setting of Sanditon is unique from the settings usually featured in Austen. Most of her previous novels take place at large stately manors, symbolic of the wealthy and titled gentry class. Sanditon, however, is a location that is being actively developed, much like the rising middle class that is uniquely featured in Sanditon.

    57. Diana was evidently the chief of the family, principal mover and actor.

      Another single, female character who is the "chief" of the family. We see this type of female character in previous Austen novels such as Mrs. Norris in "Mansfield Park"

    58. romantically

      Similarly, in Sense and Sensibility, Willoughby is seen to romanticize country life, specificially the look of Elinor and Marianne's cottage.

    59. poor man for his rank in society

      Austen's description of Sir Edward as a poor man relative to his peers of the same rank highlights the divergence between title and money in England towards the end of Austen's life--a prominent theme in both Persuasion and Northanger Abbey.

    60. spent a great part of the evening at the hotel

      "Hotel" as a setting is one we have not seen before in Austen novels. This could be because the Parkers represent a different socioeconomic class compared to the rest of her characters

    61. a beautiful view of the sea

      Being at a seaside town is mentioned in other novels but the actual nature of the sea and the town is not discussed like this before

    62. impossible for Charlotte not to suspect a good deal of fancy

      As a character, Charlotte has a good read on others people she encounters. This is the case with other Austen characters such as Elizabeth Bennett in "Pride and Prejudice"

    63. A gentleman and a lady travelling from Tunbridge

      Unlike previous Austen novels, which begin by establishing the members of a family, their dwelling, and their social stand, Sanditon starts in the middle of action, with the names of the "gentleman and lady" in question not revealed until the end of the chapter. Moreover, a heroine is not introduced.

  5. Mar 2018
    1. we had been neighbours and playmates from infancy--her parents, like mine, were of humble life, yet respectable--our attachment had been a source of pleasure to them.

      This is just like Frankenstein and his wife. Interesting choice since this has already pointed back at Frankenstein with the line under the title.

  6. Apr 2016
  7. Oct 2015
    1. meta-browsing, as while browsing through pages we also discover documents about those pages

      Recursive practices are common, when we discuss intertextuality.

    2. originate from other sources
    1. George Groth, by the way, is one of Gardner’s pseudonyms.

      The great reveal! (Had missed it. Thanks to @EvanKindley for leading us to this entertainment piece.)

  8. May 2015
    1. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

      Again, the hypothes.is application allows for this kind of intertextual analysis to be activated and visualized in powerful ways. Students can literally link between related themes or moments in various texts studied.

  9. Oct 2013