101 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2021
    1. �Yes, but how will we ever keep track of such a large project?�

      Unsure of the text encoding here. I'm forcing them to be interpreted as Unicode here, hence the appearance of the replacement character. My browser's default is to treat this document as "Central European (Windows)", but in that case, they appear as majuscule and miniscule S-cedilla characters (e.g. Şhypertextş).

      By a reasonable guess, these are supposed to be open and close quotes. I've seen these appear in other TBL-authored documents from the same era.

  2. Jul 2021
    1. sinful

      This is another word that Miss Clack used a lots in her narrative.

    2. devout

      The word "devout" came out a few thing from Miss Clack's narrative. I assume she is a devout Christian?

    3. alas!

      This is one of words that Miss Clack will use, but Betteredge won't use. However, this word also reveals some personality of Miss Clack, by definition, alas means: "an expression of grief, pity, or concern." By this we can assume Miss Clack might be a sentimental person

    4. Bating her lame foot and her leanness (this last a horrid draw-back to a woman, in my opinion), the girl had some pleasing qualities in the eye of a man. A dark, keen, clever face, and a nice clear voice, and a beautiful brown head of hair counted among her merits. A crutch appeared in the list of her misfortunes. And a temper reckoned high in the sum total of her defects.

      more descriptions of women 'from the eye of a man'

    5. In a minute more, Miss Rachel came downstairs–very nicely dressed in some soft yellow stuff, that set off her dark complexion, and clipped her tight (in the form of a jacket) round the waist. She had a smart little straw hat on her head, with a white veil twisted round it. She had primrose-coloured gloves that fitted her hands like a second skin. Her beautiful black hair looked as smooth as satin under her hat. Her little ears were like rosy shells–they had a pearl dangling from each of them. She came swiftly out to us, as straight as a lily on its stem, and as lithe and supple in every movement she made as a young cat. Nothing that I could discover was altered in her pretty face, but her eyes and her lips. Her eyes were brighter and fiercer than I liked to see; and her lips had so completely lost their colour and their smile that I hardly knew them again. She kissed her mother in a hasty and sudden manner on the cheek.

      So many similes

    6. o miserably lean that he looked as if he had not got an ounce of flesh on his bones in any part of him.

      We already know that Betteredge pays close attention to the health (ie weight) of women, but I think this might be the first time (?) we get such a physical description of a male character.

    7. Then she remembered that the Diamond might take to shining of itself, with its awful moony light in the dark

      Description of the Diamond. I'm going to tag this as character description assuming we're calling The Moonstone a character.

    8. If you know anything of the fashionable world, you have heard tell of the three beautiful Miss Herncastles. Miss Adelaide; Miss Caroline; and Miss Julia–this last being the youngest and the best of the three sisters, in my opinion; and I had opportunities of judging, as you shall presently see.

      description of beautiful women by herncastle

    9. They were nearly as big as their brother; spanking, yellow-haired, rosy lasses, overflowing with super-abundant flesh and blood; bursting from head to foot with health and spirits.

      This description is really something. Character description might be interesting to keep in mind later for computational analysis.

  3. Apr 2021
    1. Nevertheless, Milton does not force the issue concerningbelief in God's mere existence, for that is something he simply assumes; forhim God's existence is a premise much more than a conclusion (see YP 6:130-2). In spite of the radical polarities of belief about God in ParadiseLost, its humans and devils and angels are united in this: they all believethat he is

      I'm glad this is brought up. I think its really interesting that Milton, a devout Christian, was able to write something that retold a story from the bible- the characters being Christian icons- without needing to convince the readers that God is real/Christianity is the path to salvation. His intention was not to convert readers, but to write! By carefully crafting PL's character relationships, the importance of faith is naturally conveyed through the dialogue between all characters.

  4. Feb 2021
    1. Algernon sees as the second most important character and as of now he looks like those thypes of character that are charming, however can be very selfish

  5. Jan 2021
    1. Back to reality.] Oh, [gosh], yes! I'd forgotten all about it. [Crap]! Remember my words, Sam? Just when you're enjoying yourself, someone or something will come along and wreck everything.

      Hally is a negative person and she brings around negative energy she gets angry when stuff dont go right for her and say stuff out of anger. She is always angry about something

  6. Dec 2020
    1. So I respond by saying that I will credit their claims if they can show evidence of the following: that in leading their lives today they have stood up for the rights of unpopular victims of injustice whose very humanity is denied, and where they have done so knowing: (1) that it would make them unpopular with their peers, (2) that they would be loathed and ridiculed by powerful, influential individuals and institutions in our society; (3) that they would be abandoned by many of their friends, (4) that they would be called nasty names, and (5) that they would risk being denied valuable professional opportunities as a result of their moral witness. In short, my challenge is to show where they have at risk to themselves and their futures stood up for a cause that is unpopular in elite sectors of our culture today.”

      Know thy self.

  7. Nov 2020
  8. icla2020b.jonreeve.com icla2020b.jonreeve.com
    1. My uncle said he was very sorry he had forgotten

      While a drunk, the uncle seems to can't help himself and all he can do is apologize. I find it interesting, the fact that the characters of this book have multiple dimensions, not necessarily only a bad nor just a good side. This makes them seem very realistic.

  9. Oct 2020
    1. please

      I think this is the first and only time the word 'please' is uttered in the story. And I would not have expected it to come from the young girl. There's something very seemingly obnoxious yet profoundly mysterious about this girl. She pleads to wait in the car, finally not exposed or seen by others. It sounds like her appearance has shaped her life and defined much of her identity thus far, but she's fighting not to let it be everything (e.g., she's seeing through people who are staring at her). Symbolically, when her dark coat, perhaps symbolizing her beauty as a curse rather than a blessing or her rude demeanor, falls, revealing her opposite-colored skin, and, "like a flower... emerging from its dark bud, " she's becoming herself again.

    2. I saw her bag was open again.

      I think it's pretty amazing how Mansfield uses this motif to illustrate the carelessness/lack of responsibility of Mrs. Raddick - it'd be interesting to see if she does this for other ways. Character-development seems like a really hard thing to track/write a program for because every character has different traits and isn't just described by adjectives.

    1. He was a man of about Grant’s age, or a little older. Thick coarse white hair fell over his forehead and his skin was leathery but pale, yellowish-white like an old wrinkled-up kid glove. His long face was dignified and melancholy and he had something of the beauty of a powerful, discouraged, elderly horse. But where Fiona was concerned he was not discouraged.


      Aubrey is a secondary character which is consciously described. The character’s features (eyes, hair) and age signs (wrinkles and skin in general) are described with detail, as well as the colours that are perceived. Most characters are compared with different natural features: here, a horse. Nature is an important element in the story for constant references to the landscape, plants and flowers, weather and seasons can be found.<br> All the characters in the story are consistent, motivated and life-like characters; Audrey is not an exception, his character is a static character.

    1. page one hundred and seventy-eight

      I don't know why it's caught my attention, but I find it funny that it's always page one hundred and something, as if nothing's going on in the first hundred pages (or anywhere else)... Assuming the guy has perused the book through and through as he purports to, it's just odd to me that we keep getting information from the same, narrow range of pages.

      It's a wild guess here, but maybe this is Collins trying to portray Betteredge's character as one who claims to be a know-it-all (Robinson Crusoe, women, the house affairs, etc.) but, really, has such a narrow and restricted view on life that he will always be surprised or caught wrong; that there isn't that much wisdom in him after all.

  10. Sep 2020
    1. I sowed the good seed, in spite of him, by throwing a second tract in at the window of the cab.

      It's just mind-blowing how satisfied she gets from distributing her tracts among random people who could not be clearer about their reluctance to receive them. Clack, much like Betteredge, assumes she knows the depths of people and is so judgmental of the unconventional (e.g., Rachel) but completely fails to recognize that her own behavior is far from being desired, and is, to all eyes, the unconventional and deplorable one.

      I wonder if this is Collins' way to humorously ridicule this phenomenon. More broadly, I wonder if Collins' use of extreme and blatantly hypocritical narrators who inspire hatred (e.g., Clack and Betteredge), is his calling for moderation in society.

  11. Aug 2020
  12. Jun 2020
  13. May 2020
  14. projects.invisionapp.com projects.invisionapp.com
    1. The fact that you can use single character keys without modifiers to invoke functions such as Comment Mode (C) is an example of a violation of a violation of the WCAG 2.1 Success Criterion, 2.1.4 Character Key Shortcuts.

  15. Feb 2020
    1. Mephistophelean character was probably first represented in the figure of the wicked sorcerer Klingsor from the Grail Legend. He attempted to prevent Parsifal from achieving his destiny (to find the Grail) by tricks, wiles, and illusions. But the name “Parsifal” (or “Percival”) means “Pierces the Veil”. Klingsor is the proto-type of today’s “perception manager”. And it’s this that Gebser critiques as “sorceric”. He undoubtedly has Klingsor in mind. There is a similar figure in indigenous folklore called “Spider”, a wicked shaman who, jealous of the Sunboy, traps him, kills him, and dismembers him, and then throws him in a pot. But by the grace of the sun, he is restored and ascends to the Sun and to the light. Spider, of course, corresponds in meaning to what we would call “spin doctor” or “spinner” today.

      Woah. Perception management sorcerer.

  16. Sep 2019
  17. Jul 2019
    1. 发现了!small tilde ~(在网页里它反而是在中间位置)用于注音 波浪号才是我们汉语用的~

  18. Apr 2019
  19. gutenberg.net.au gutenberg.net.au
    1. for the sake of a glimpse of the Miss Beauforts

      Marriage plot again, will Arthur end up with one of the Beauforts?

    2. he made the acquaintance for Sir Edward's sake

      Marriage plot emerges here, Lady Denham wants Sir Edward to marry Miss Lamb for her money

    3. meaning to be the most stylish girls in the place

      Music and drawing, two skills that made women "poplar" or considered properly educated at this time. A theme throughout Austen novels, having these skills made women accomplished and more suited for marriage.

    4. captivate some man of much better fortune than their own.

      Beginning of a marriage plot here? The Miss Beauforts want to marry for money over love. By marrying someone with money it might also help their social standing. This is a similar sentiment that we saw with Mary Crawford in "Mansfield Park" who was all about marrying to elevate her own status.

    5. less clear-sighted and infallible

      Diana's being unable to make mistakes is a trait that reminds me of other Austen characters such as Emma from "Emma." While they both mean well they carry themselves with an sense of being "all knowing" and never wrong.

    6. who had never employed her.

      This just seems like such an odd job to take on when you have not met the person or been asked to do this. In other Austen novels we have seen some characters take on responsibilities without being asked but they normally have to do with relationships such as Emma and her match making n Emma or Lady Catherine de Bourgh getting involved with Darcy and Lizzy's relationship.

    7. the sea air would probably, in her present state, be the death of her

      Seems to be the opposite of what every other character says about sea air

    8. A young West Indian of large fortune

      First character we see who is not from England

    9. the indulgence of an indolent temper,

      Once again we see Charlotte "reading" the true nature of Arthur and seeing beyond the facade. She is very sensible like Elinor in "Sense and Sensibility." And even though she does not always voice how she actually sees people, she and Lizzy Bennet are similar in their directness.

    10. he only wanted it now for Miss Heywood.

      Is this how Arthur flirts with Charlotte? Through toast?

    11. grees with me better than anything."

      This is a very odd dialogue scene. Something that we do not often get in Austen novels. The dialogue has nothing to do with the plot or getting to know the characters better (except about Arthur's weird habits)

    12. I should recommend rather more of it to you than I suspect you are in the habit of taking."

      Here I believe Charlotte sounds a bit like Lizzy Bennet. The two are both direct and tend to not hold back when it comes to being sassy or saying something that could be seen as controversial.

    13. I am very nervous.

      His "nervousness" is similar to Mrs. Bennet from P&P and maybe even Mr. Woodhouse from Emma?

    14. from one of my sisters. They never fail me. Women are the only correspondents to be depended on

      Mr. Parker whines and complains about his brother not responding to him promptly -- which shows that he gets anxious and nervous easily, and his declarations about women just based on how fast Diana responds to letter is again, over-generalizing.

    15. Our ancestors, you know, always built in a hole

      Again, Mr. Parker talks a lot, but always makes unnecessary or irrelevant generalizations. Most of his utterances are completely unrelated to each other and the current topic at hand, yet he says them in an absolutely confident and unapologetic manner -- meanwhile it is Charlotte and Mrs. Parker who has to endure his nonsense.

    16. Not a shilling do I receive from the Denham estate. Sir Edward has no payments to make me. He don't stand uppermost, believe me. It is I that help him."

      It is funny (and slightly concerning) that Lady Denham is boasting about the fact that her relatives are poor. She is sharing information that she thinks is impressive but probably won’t be to others.

    17. I could no more mention these things to Lady Denham

      Propriety overrides charity for Mrs. Parker. Likewise, in Austen's novels, many technically beneficial things are not said for fear of violating social decorum. This frustration is expressed by Elinor in Sense and Sensibility, when she could only guess at what others meant through allusions and off-hand comments, and is unable to prod the situation herself. Austen uses this dilemma to show the consequences of always adhering to social rules.

    18. gentlemanlike

      Another case of a landowner and "gentleman farmer" is Mr. Knightley in Emma.

    19. Diana was evidently the chief of the family, principal mover and actor.

      Another single, female character who is the "chief" of the family. We see this type of female character in previous Austen novels such as Mrs. Norris in "Mansfield Park"

    20. impossible for Charlotte not to suspect a good deal of fancy

      As a character, Charlotte has a good read on others people she encounters. This is the case with other Austen characters such as Elizabeth Bennett in "Pride and Prejudice"

  20. Feb 2019
    1. number of character states bracketed by a node could 28be counted, and those which do not optimize as symplesiomorphies of the clade could 29considered as a value of node suppo

      Why differentiating between symplesiomorphies and homoiologies? Both are traits equally exclusive to a subtree (a clade) and closely linked to each other.

      Pink is a symplesiomorphy of the ingroup, blue the homoiology Pic1 Vice versa, blue is the symplesiomorphy, pink the homoiology found only in the most derived (in absolute evolutionary terms) taxa Pic2

  21. Dec 2018
    1. Hillier

      Hillier is the tenant of Mr Parker's old house


    2. poor Mr. Hollis

      Lady Denham obviously favored her second husband over her first, even though Mr. Hollis left her with an inheritance, which is much more useful than a title.

    3. snug-looking

      The Romantic literary movement was obsessed with cottages: see William Wordsworth's poem "The Ruined Cottage" as an example.


    4. Charlotte

      It is strange that Charlotte is accompanying the Parkers when her own parents only just met them. This plot point is similar to the moment that Catherine Morland stays with the Tilneys, even though her family doesn't know them at all.

    5. impropriety

      Miss Diana Parker's request to ask Lady Denham for money for various people that she does not know from a woman she likely does not know very well seems very impolite. Also, considering how little Lady Denham likes to part with her money, Diana's comments would be particularly provoking.

    6. of

      Austen characterizes Mr. Parker as a man with immense pride towards his village. He boasts of the many benefits of Sanditon all while suffering from a sprained ankle.

    7. readily

      This is a mischaracterization of Lady Denham because she is anxious about her finances. She is worried about her existing investment in Sanditon, and she believes that her heir needs find a wealthy spouse.

  22. Sep 2018
    1. feasceaft

      Scyld's origins as "feasceaft," destitute, contrast with his rich conquests later in life: the "meodosetla" he takes (5) and the "gomban" ("tribute," 11) he receives. The opening lines thus establish reversal of fortune as a theme while showing Scyld as a powerful warrior and successful war leader. Edward B. Irving describes how appropriate "the Scyld proem" (as he calls it, 44) is for the rest of the poem in foreshadowing what Beowulf will do and experience, A Reading of Beowulf, 2nd ed. (Provo, UT: The Chaucer Studio, 1999), 44–5. Francis Leneghan argues for the originality of the Scyld episode in “Reshaping Tradition" and argues that Scyld's status as a foundling in a ship and his climb to rule parallels Moses.

    2. Scyld Scefing

      We move from hearing of "Gardena" in general to their exemplar and greatest hero, Scyld Scefing. Roy Liuzza notes that the name means "Shield, Son of Sheaf," in his translation, 2nd ed. (Peterborough, ONT: Broadview Press, 2013), note 2 on page 49. The name connects the Danes' hero with both war ("Shield") and agricultural production ("Sheaf"): he makes his people victorious and well-fed. For more on the name, see Francis Leneghan, “Reshaping Tradition: The Originality of the Scyld Scefing Episode in Beowulf,” in Transmission and Generation in Medieval and Renaissance Literature: Essays in Honour of John Scattergood, edited by Karen Hodder and‎ Brendan O'Connell (Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2012), 21–36.

    3. Beowulf wæs breme blæd

      A lovely example of the power of alliteration: Beowulf's name is associated even before the hero appears with fame ("Beowulf was breme") and power or renown ("blæd") using sound.

  23. Jul 2018
  24. course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com course-computational-literary-analysis.netlify.com
    1. I propose to tell you–in the first place–what is known of the manner in which your cousin met his death; appending to the statement such inferences and conclusions as we are justified (according to my opinion) in drawing from the facts

      Sergeant Cuff's narrative is very straight forward and to the point compared to the others, especially Miss Clack. Because Cuff's intention in this narrative is to relay facts to Franklin, and also because he is a detective, Cuff uses few unnecessary adjectives or "flowery" language. I would be interested in running a POS (Parts of Speech) analysis on Cuff's narrative and compare it to Clack and Betteredge, as well as the rest of the text.

    2. Having heard the story of the past, my next inquiries (still inquiries after Rachel!) advanced naturally to the present time. Under whose care had she been placed after leaving Mr. Bruff’s house? and where was she living now?

      Blake's account of Rachel is clearly distinct form the other narrators because of their romantic past. He mentions her frequently throughout his narrative. I would like to run a frequency count the number of times he mentions Rachel compared tot he rest of the narratives in the book. I wonder if it is possible to isolate the discussions of Rachel in each character's narrative and then do some topic modeling with the extracted texts to examine how Rachel is discussed by each character.

    3. It distressed me, it did indeed distress me, to hear her say that. She was so young and so lonely–and she bore it so well!

      Bruff's impression of Rachel is very different from Miss Clack, but similar to the affectionate tone of Betteredge. I would be interested in running a word frequency count on all of the ways Rachel is described by the different narrators and do a comparison between the words used by the different narrators and also which words they share in her description.

    4. Penelope fired up instantly. “I’ve never been taught to tell lies Mr. Policeman!–and if father can stand there and hear me accused of falsehood and thieving, and my own bed-room shut against me, and my character taken away, which is all a poor girl has left, he’s not the good father I take him for!”

      Penelope has been a compelling and independent character throughout the narrative, from the ways in which she gives insight to the narrative itself , to this moment here. It would be interesting to extract her character descriptions and speech and compare it to the other female characters in the story to see how they are different / similar. I would also be interested in comparing her to the male characters. Would this be something the sentiment analysis could be used for?

  25. Apr 2018
  26. Mar 2018
    1. Am I immortal?

      Winzy repeatedly returns to this question. He is wishing that it is not true, but he knows that Cornelius' elixir did affect him in the way he expected.

    2. to my--no, not my fellow-mortals

      Every time Winzy remembers that he is no longer mortal there is an air of sorrow.

    3. the wife I had sought and won with such perfect love.

      It seems like he has no concept of how unnecessarily dramatic their courtship was.

    4. I became the husband of Bertha.

      This romance is such a fast paced roller coaster of emotions. It's very hard to keep up with the characters and their motives.

    5. Winzy!

      Is this his name, or is that a phrase?

    6. and lifted above all human fears;

      This is fascinating, as it implies that all human fears are derived from love.

    7. he who could not be in two places at once for her sake.

      This girl needs to chill. I have no concept of what her motives are. She's clearly manipulating him, but why? He is having to work hard for his income. There are doubtless other suitors who could give her the lifestyle and attention she desires without having to choose one or the other. Her attitude makes it clear that she isn't interested in him for love either, no matter how much she says she is. She's playing multiple suitors, as evidenced with this Hoffer dude. Clearly she can get almost any man she wants, so why is she bothering the main character?

    8. Though true of heart,

      That statement is so vague, as if he is trying to convince himself that it is true.

  27. Dec 2017
    1. Ironically, research has shown that personality traits are determined largely by heredity and are mostly immutable. The arguably more important traits of character, on the other hand, are more malleable—though, we should note, not without great effort. Character traits, as opposed to personality traits, are based on beliefs (e.g., that honesty and treating others well is important—or not), and though beliefs can be changed, it's far harder than most realize.
  28. Oct 2017
    1. without being conscious of it, have stored up in idea the greater part of those strong marked varieties of human character,

      Unconscious knowledge of human character described by Joanna Baillie, Introductory Discourse

    1. ‘No, you wouldn’t have.’

      Similar to her previous line, this dialogue from the girl introduces us readers to an underling element of negativity. The line is a charged, declarative statement, suggesting that she may not hold her male companion in high esteem. Or at least, is non-receptive to his response. It's a line containing hostility and perhaps even resentment.

      This introduces us to our first experience of conflict between the girl and the American.

  29. Jun 2017
  30. Mar 2017
    1. turning my pale plaster-of-paris bust of Cicero out of doors.

      I'm guessing that the character of Cicero might have some reflection to play in these parts. I'd have to research further to draw up a conclusion.

  31. Dec 2016
  32. Oct 2016
    1. She clenched her fists

      she is a little emotional. i think she will kill him.

    2. hy did he have to say that, about getting it wholesale?

      she seams kinda mean she sounds like a antagonist the center of the conflict.

    3. Otherwise I wouldn't have

      he seems super modest.

  33. Jun 2016
    1. Title: What is it? An oral history of Izzy, the mascot marketing snafu of Olympic proportions - Atlanta Magazine

      Keywords: fantastic mascot—cobi, public appearances—, bob cohn, atlanta-based artist, york city, billy wanted, spanish art, children thought, vice president, senior director, blue blob, acog spokesperson, billy looked, easy character, olympic city, olympic games, olympic bid, question billy

      Summary: <br>Bob Cohn, cofounder of public relations agency Cohn & Wolfe, member of Payne’s mascot committee: In Barcelona in 1992, they had a fantastic mascot—Cobi, who was typical of Spanish art and filled with creativity.<br>Some of them wrote us back letters [that essentially said] “The nerve!” or “We’re not doing anything for nothing.”<br>So it couldn’t be characters that existed in Georgia lore.<br>Somebody sent us a deer.<br>John Ryan, then senior director at DESIGNefx, the animation division of Crawford Communications: The basic job was to design something that would appeal to children and broadly on a world stage.<br>Photograph by Rich Mahan/Atlanta Journal-Constitution via AP<br>It wore five Olympic rings—two on its eyes and three on its tail—and oversized sneakers nearly half the size of its body.<br>Bob Brennan, then ACOG spokesperson: Billy Payne wanted to do something modern, reflective of the technological world we lived in.<br>You had movies like Jurassic Park, Total Recall.<br>Shuman: I received Hi-Rez right at the deadline, a Friday.<br>When Billy looked at that [proposal], he said, “Gee whiz, wow.<br>Payne: As CEO of the Olympic Games, I felt it was both our responsibility and within my authority to make whatever decisions needed to be made.<br>Shuman: By the time I got back on Monday afternoon, Ginger told me Billy had made his decision.<br>Were we raising enough money?<br>Shuman: You didn’t question Billy.<br>Payne: The logical question that you would ask on seeing it is “What is it?” I guess we just said, “Well, we should just put it into one word.”<br>Shuman: The name, Whatizit, was almost worse than the character itself.<br>Does it all run together?<br>Ryan: We had to have [final] designs submitted by March [1992], knowing it’d be debuted in August at the Barcelona Games.<br>It really looked funky.<br>In a huge stadium it can’t be little.<br>Shuman: To generate interest about the mascot, we did these billboards all over town saying, “Whatizit?” We built up this huge anticipation.<br>Ryan: It was made very clear that if secrecy was violated, Crawford could lose future contracts.<br>Photograph courtesy of Harry Shurman<br>Meanwhile an amorphous animated character filled the stadium’s video monitors.<br>Evans: I took the field with Gregg Burge, the famous New York [tap] dancer.<br>Joel Babbit, CEO of the Narrative Content Group, veteran ad exec who worked with Payne to promote the Olympic bid, and City Hall’s first-ever chief marketing and communications officer under Jackson: If Maynard had an opinion, he kept it to himself.<br>“How do you say ‘Whatizit’ in Mandarin?”<br>Like, this is it?<br>Completely and totally horrified.<br>They’re complaining: This is terrible.<br>But [ACOG] had a lot riding on the mascot financially from license sales.<br>Robert Hollander, then ACOG’s vice president of licensing: My heart dropped into my stomach.<br>Hula: It’s something that’s supposed to evoke an image of Atlanta, the host city, and it really didn’t do that at all.<br>We didn’t even think we were compelled to do something that would make somebody in Australia say, “That mascot must be from Atlanta, Georgia.” It never crossed our minds.<br>It was sort of like a bigger Charlotte.<br>Photograph courtesy of R. Land<br>Ronnie Land, an Atlanta-based artist, better known as R. Land, who has made Izzy-inspired art: This was our “Hey, world, we’re Atlanta” moment.<br>LaTara Smith (née Bullock), ACOG’s “project coordinator for Izzy appearances” during the Olympics: I’ve heard everything from toothpaste to blue blob.<br>Hiskey: People were going to focus on the crazy blue thing because there wasn’t a lot of other cool stuff here.<br>Bob Hope, president of Atlanta-based public relations firm Hope-Beckham Inc.: I thought [Billy] briefly lost his mind.<br>Kevin Sack, a New York Times reporter based in Atlanta, wrote in a 1996 story that “[i]t is precisely Izzy’s nothingness that has unwittingly made him an apt symbol for this Olympic city.<br>Whatizit’s costume made Mike Luckovich’s punchline.<br>People were embarrassed [by Whatizit].<br>You wish people would look at the good stuff instead of focusing on the minutiae and losing the big picture.<br>Campbell: I suspect I hurt some people’s feelings.<br>Photograph by Raymond McCrea Jones<br>ACOG officially retired Whatizit in October 1993.<br>It worked.<br>Babbit: I liked the name Izzy.<br>Jacqueline Blum, senior vice president of Film Roman, the animation studio behind The Simpsons, King of the Hill, and Garfield and Friends, which produced an Izzy cartoon for TV: Izzy was a character created by committee.<br>Ryan: You got into a scenario where you have multiple art directors and bosses.<br>Hope: [Izzy was] like New Coke.<br>Smith: Izzy developed a nose.<br>Shuman: We had these stars coming out of his tail at one point.<br>I raised my hand and said, “Maybe not?” They left the shoes the way they are.<br>The costume had to get softer.<br>Evans: Children loved the mascot.<br>I’d guess probably close to 15 percent.<br>Watkins: I’m guessing [the bestselling item] would be the doll that was 12 inches that could be carried under a kid’s arm.<br>Lounge chair pillows.<br>Shuman: Billy wanted to market the shoes.<br>Blum: It’s not a particularly easy character to animate.<br>Hollander: Our broadcast partner, NBC, had gotten out of the children’s program business.<br>Watkins: They created an Izzy balloon that flew in New York City in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade.<br>Photograph by Caroline C. Kilgore<br>Evans helped create a mascot program that recruited volunteers through auditions.<br>Smith: By the time the Olympics came around, we had upwards of 20 Izzys that could be in different places at one time.<br>I asked [Izzy], “How does one become the mascot?” They were having tryouts the next weekend.<br>Don’t exclude children.<br>For example, Izzy loved everyone, so whether it was a critic or a fan, you didn’t show any negative emotion.<br>Izzy had a size 22 sneaker, so you had to fit your shoe inside Izzy’s shoe, inside another little pocket, and be able to walk around in his big feet.<br>Jay: You entered through the top of his mouth.<br>Smith: A lot of children thought it would be fun to swing on the tail.<br>Evans: The lighting bolt eyebrows and rings on the tail were prime targets for being pulled, punched, or ripped off for a souvenir.<br>Smith: Handlers began watching the perimeter.<br>Photograph courtesy of Harry Shuman<br>Is he still waiting for a shuttle bus?<br>Smith: We took over one of the Olympic headquarters offices.<br>Other times it would be outside as a crowd-pleaser.<br>Jay: We were instructed to wear the Izzy costume 30 minutes on, 30 minutes off, because you would sweat.<br>Wilsterman: There were two fans at the top of Izzy’s head [inside the costume].<br>I was able to whisper into a little microphone that went into the escort’s ear.<br>Smith: Izzy didn’t talk.<br>Izzy didn’t do public appearances—only [ones for] ticketed sponsors.<br>Brennan: I don’t think Izzy showed up at the closing ceremony.<br>Jay: When the flame went out, so did Izzy.<br>The question came up: Can someone dress up in the Izzy costume to greet visitors in the Atlanta History Center?<br>Photograph courtesy of LaTara Smith<br>Smith: I still have one of the Izzy costumes.<br>Payne: People didn’t like it.<br>I never lost my enthusiasm for Izzy.<br>Was it the greatest experience of my life?<br>Evans: I do appreciate the originality and willingness to do something different.<br>Land: Atlanta tries so hard to be what we think the world wants to view us as.<br>Shuman: Izzy was kind of like Colony Square—a little bit before his time.<br>Smith: It would’ve been easier to have a phoenix.<br>It didn’t say anything.<br>Babbit: It doesn’t matter what it was.<br>It was bizarre.<br>An image of Izzy?<br>Shuman: Usually everything Billy touched turned to gold.<br>This article originally appeared in our July 2016 issue.<br>Tags: 1996 Atlanta Olympics, 1996 Olympics, Atlanta Olympics, Billy Payne, Izzy, John Ryan, Olympics, R. Land, Whatizit<br>

  34. Nov 2013
    1. The grammarian is defined as skilled in speaking and writing cor-rectly; he is not defined as skilled in speaking, writing, and singing. Why not? Because gram-mar provides no precepts about the last. The geometrician is not defined as skilled in mea-surement and medicine. Why not? Because there is no precept in geometry which teaches how to cure illnesses.

      He makes a good point here. To be a good orator doesn't necessarily mean that one has those esteemed characteristics. A good orator and rhetorician could could posses unsavory characteristics. Ex: Hitler, Mussollini

    2. seperating the art of rhetoric from the individual.

  35. Oct 2013
    1. The written style is the more finished: the spoken better admits of dramatic delivery -- like the kind of oratory that reflects character and the kind that reflects emotion.
    1. Those in power are more ambitious and more manly in character than the wealthy, because they aspire to do the great deeds that their power permits them to do. Responsibility makes them more serious: they have to keep paying attention to the duties their position involves. They are dignified rather than arrogant, for the respect in which they are held inspires them with dignity and therefore with moderation -- dignity being a mild and becoming form of arrogance. If they wrong others, they wrong them not on a small but on a great scale.
  36. Sep 2013
    1. [1356a] Of the modes of persuasion furnished by the spoken word there are three kinds. The first kind depends on the personal character of the speaker; the second on putting the audience into a certain frame of mind; the third on the proof, or apparent proof, provided by the words of the speech itself.

      Modes of persuasion: character of speaker, appeal, proof

    1. The characters and circumstances which lead men to commit wrong, or make them the victions of wrong.

      character and circumstance of wrongdoing

    1. There are three things which inspire confidence in the orator's own character -- the three, namely, that induce us to believe a thing apart from any proof of it: good sense, good moral character, and goodwill

      how to build ethos/components of character

    1. the force of his own character in order to win the good will of the rest of the world, believing that this is a greater and nobler kind of generalship than to conquer many cities many times in battle.

      Better to be inspired by admiration than by fear