239 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. I am not sure if this is an improvement. To me it does not seem very pretty. Of course I am biased since I also prefer () in method definitions if they have arguments; although I think it is fine that ruby does not mind omitting the (). For my brain, I like the () for visual separation.
  2. Jun 2021
  3. May 2021
  4. Apr 2021
    1. “Who cares? Let’s just go with the style-guide” — to which my response is that caring about the details is in the heart of much of our doings. Yes, this is not a major issue; def self.method is not even a code smell. Actually, that whole debate is on the verge of being incidental. Yet the learning process and the gained knowledge involved in understanding each choice is alone worth the discussion. Furthermore, I believe that the class << self notation echoes a better, more stable understanding of Ruby and Object Orientation in Ruby. Lastly, remember that style-guides may change or be altered (carefully, though!).
    2. “It is less clear that way” — that is just arbitrary, even uninformed. There is nothing clearer about def self.method. As demonstrated earlier, once you grasp the true meaning of it, def self.method is actually more vague as it mixes scopes
    3. When we usedef self.method, though, we are defining a method across scopes: we are present in the regular class scope, but we use Ruby’s ability to define methods upon specific instances from anywhere; self within a class definition is the Class instance we are working on (i.e. the class itself). Therefore, usingdef self.method is a leap to another scope, and this feels wrong to me.
    4. Similarly to fashion, code style reflects our credo as developers, our values and philosophy.
    5. Yet, it certainly is important to make the proper choices when picking up style. Similarly to fashion, code style reflects our credo as developers, our values and philosophy. In order to make an informed decision, it’s mandatory to understand the issue at stake well. We all have defined class methods many times, but do we really know how do they work?
    1. The best procedure is the one you don’t need. If the UI is crystal clear and leads the customer through a task, a procedure isn’t necessary. Start there.
    1. I actually think this is Not Constructive, since there's no absolute rule about which pairings can be joined into a single word or hyhenated, and it's pointless having "votes" here about each specific case. Follow a style guide if you have one, or search Google Books and copy whatever the majority do. Or just make your own decision.
  5. Feb 2021
    1. the first step in improving academic writing is to learn to reduce the jargon academics use and express concepts clearly

      See Pinker, S. (2015). The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person’s Guide to Writing in the 21st Century (Reprint Edition). Penguin Books.

      Also, Thomas, F.-N., & Turner, M. (2011). Clear and Simple as the Truth: Writing Classic Prose (2nd Edition). Princeton University Press.

    1. We cannot and will not realize our full potential as a nation unless we have both parties working to forge a new sense of shared association that can enable a much more diverse America to journey together into the 21st century. Today, sadly, only one party is in that business.

      Friedman ties in his purpose once again at the end. He accentuates that the nation as a whole cannot develop or reach its full potential until the two political parties work together; until they both place importance to the diversity of the nation. This allows him to demonstrate that without change occurring in the Republican party, change cannot occur in the nation. He shows that the Republicans need to change and the parties need to work together to make nation better. He places emphasis to show that we are well into the 21st century and yet we are still not treating everyone equally, showing the importance of what his point of view is. Then he ends with a sentence that is almost demoralizing to emphasize that we cannot become diverse until the Republican party changes.

    2. It tells you that there is a market for a center-right conservative party that appeals to today’s America, not yesterday’s. But is there such a party? It’s been suppressed.

      This is almost a call to action. He shows that there are people that are willing to make a change and have ideas that will benefit society, but they are being suppressed. Their ideas are not given importance and they are not being evaluated. Friedman shows that the time to act is now and that we need to do something to prevent this from occurring. He shows that there are people that believe in changes and that they need to become more prominent.

    3. This reality, plus Trump’s warped character, made him so reckless that he believed that he could shoot a whole branch of the U.S. government in the middle of Pennsylvania Avenue and his base would stick with him. And he was right!

      Friedman brings the humor here once again to establish that Trump is just like the deer. He could behave thoughtlessly and without any reason and no one would do anything. Friedman's point of view becomes clear here. He does not agree with how Trump has been given the power to do whatever and how the government was just supporting him no matter what.

    4. That is a lot like Trump and his followers, whose attachment to him has become so cultlike that every other Republican leader knows that challenging Trump is potential political suicide. The result: He, too, has no serious predators

      Now Friedman ties in deer and the BOE to Trump and his followers. After already establishing the incompetence of both, by bringing up Trump and his followers, he makes the description apply to them too. He describes Trump and his followers as cultlike in an exaggerated way to highlight the flaws of the Republican Party. He makes the question arise in the readers, "Is this even democracy?" As a result, he is able to demonstrate the real reason behind his writing and show the readers that when one person has too much power and is unopposed, that person gains the power to do anything he wants.

    5. So, they do all sorts of stupid stuff, like walk into the middle of the road and get hit by cars, rub the bark off tree trunks and eat all our flowers.

      Once again, the author emphasizes his light-hearted tone. He begins by describing the deer first. Instead of making the article start off with its political nature, he brings in a humorous appeal to the readers. This style of writing slowly builds up to the main claim of the author by starting off with the least important content and working its way up.

    6. Liberal Democrats dominate politics there, so there’s no serious threat from a conservative alternative.

      At first, Friedman introduces the ineffectiveness of the BOE in a humorous way by comparing it to deer. Then he puts the humor aside and goes into his main point. He emphasizes that the Board has the power to do whatever it wants because there is no one standing against it. It is dominated by Liberal Democrats and as a result, no important change is occurring. Here, he is able to emphasize his main point on the democracy of the United States.

  6. Jan 2021
    1. “The difference between style and fashion is quality” — famous words spoken by no less a detractor of Savile Row than Giorgio Armani
  7. Dec 2020
    1. Include articles, such as the. Articles help readers and translation software identify the nouns and modifiers in a sentence. Examples Empty the container. The empty container
    1. The only piece of note taking software on the market that currently supports this feature (that I’m aware of) is Microsoft OneNote.

      OneNote supported on-the-fly interlinking with Double Square Bracket Linking

    2. Cunningham first developed the ability to automatically create internal links (read: new notes) when typing text in CamelCase. This meant you could easily be typing a sentence while describing a piece of information and simply type a word (or series of words) in CamelCase which would create a link to another piece of information (even if its page hadn’t already been created).This was quickly superseded by the double square bracket links most wiki’s use today to achieve the same results, and its the staple creation method in both wiki’s and other premier information systems today.

      History of the Wiki-style linking or [[Double Square Bracket Linking]]

    3. Evernote had long been the gold standard of note taking, flexible, functional and best of all affordable. While its user interface was a little odd at times, the features were excellent, but they made the simple mistake of not enabling wiki style internal links. Instead, they required a user to copy a note link from one note and paste it into another.

      Evernote made the mistake of not allowing on-the-fly wiki-style internal linking.

    4. It needs wiki-like superpowersIf there is one feature that excels above all others in information software of the past two decades that deserves its place in the note taking pantheon, its the humble double bracketed internal link.We all recognise power to store and retrieve information at will, but when you combine this power with the ability to successfully create new knowledge trees from existing documents, to follow thoughts in a ‘stream of consciousness’ non-linear fashion then individual notes transform from multiple static word-silos into a living information system system.Sadly, this is the one major feature that is always neglected, or is piecemeal at best… and one time note taking king Evernote is to blame.

      Tim Kling posits that one of the most important features for a note taking app to have (which most lack at the time of writing) is the ability to link to other notes with the wiki-standard double bracket command.

    1. The only piece of note taking software on the market that currently supports this feature (that I’m aware of) is Microsoft OneNote.

      OneNote supported on-the-fly interlinking with Double Square Bracket Linking

  8. Nov 2020
  9. Oct 2020
    1. However, know when to be inconsistent -- sometimes style guide recommendations just aren't applicable.
    2. The limits are chosen to avoid wrapping in editors with the window width set to 80, even if the tool places a marker glyph in the final column when wrapping lines.
    3. For code maintained exclusively or primarily by a team that can reach agreement on this issue, it is okay to increase the line length limit up to 99 characters
  10. Sep 2020
  11. Aug 2020
    1. “I came to Rust from Haskell, and I feel that Haskell is a very elegant and safe language. The biggest differentiator for me is that there is a greater difference between high-performance code and idiomatic ‘clean’ code in Haskell than in Rust. Most Rust code looks like most other Rust code, even when it performs well. Haskell can become unfamiliar real quick if someone is operating under different libraries and goals from what you are typically doing. Small differences in syntax can result in huge differences in behavior, and Rust has more uniformity on that axis.”
  12. Jul 2020
    1. He looked in amazement at two respectable strangers,

      The narrator then explains who these strangers are. An example of deixis/coreference resolution? The style, however, is different. While Betterredge uses it, Miss Clack uses unidentified strangers.

    2. Mr. Franklin, still sticking to the helpless view of our difficulty, whispered to me: “That man will be of no earthly use to us. Superintendent Seegrave is an ass.” Released in his turn, Mr. Godfrey whispered to me–“Evidently a most competent person. Betteredge, I have the greatest faith in him!” Many men, many opinions, as one of the ancients said, before my time.

      Why do their opinions differ? Personal ties? Foreign education? Guilt being found, or rather, not found out?

    3. I expressed my opinion upon this, that they were a set of murdering thieves. Mr. Murthwaite expressed his opinion that they were a wonderful people.

      Another juxtaposition showing difference in attitudes based on national custom and belief. Again, foreignness is deemed as more open minded while nativeness is deemed as more traditional (or closed minded)

    4. “It looks as if it had hundreds of suffocating people under it–all struggling to get to the surface, and all sinking lower and lower in the dreadful deeps! Throw a stone in, Mr. Betteredge! Throw a stone in, and let’s see the sand suck it down!”

      I love how the author uses context of the scene to bring up metaphors for Rosanna's own life. We have the lappet from before and now the sand.

    5. It is my conviction, or my delusion, no matter which, that crime brings its own fatality with it. I am not only persuaded of Herncastle’s guilt; I am even fanciful enough to believe that he will live to regret it

      Interesting how he gives no credit to "fanciful" stories/ideas, but believes in his own version of Karma. Also I'd like to note the narrator's stylistic pattern in using juxtaposition. In this case, he uses it to dramatize possibility.

  13. Jun 2020
  14. Apr 2020
  15. Mar 2020
    1. you were done, free to knock it down and move on to other educational play activities such as making fart noises with your armpit.

      Throughout his columns over the years, Barry maintains an obviously fake tone of formality and seriousness to describe something utterly ridiculous or amusing. Why does he do this? How does this affect the reader?

    1. Now, in the same way in which we have understood that Wisdom was the beginning of the ways of God, and is said to be created, forming beforehand and containing within herself the species and beginnings of all creatures, must we understand her to be the Word of God, because of her disclosing to all other beings

      Although simple and something that should not come as a surprise to most who are familiar with any kind of Christian religion, this is not only another good example of Origen's system of interpretation but also a good summary to how Wisdom, or Jesus must be understood as the Word of God.

    2. Having refuted, then, as well as we could, every notion which might suggest that we were to think of God as in any degree corporeal, we go on to say that, according to strict truth, God is incomprehensible, and incapable of being measured.

      I thought this was a good example of Origen's systematic approach to interpret scriptures. The 4 points before, he introduced us to the idea of God and slowly built arguments to finally state human's incapability measuring God, or in better words, God himself being incapable of being measured.

  16. Nov 2019
  17. Oct 2019
    1. "Element" SelectorsEach component has a data-reach-* attribute on the underlying DOM element that you can think of as the "element" for the component.
    1. l'espérance d'y vivre tranquille et d'oublier jusqu'à ce nom de Passepartout…

      ... - suggere que ce n'est pas le cas

    1. gram matrix must be normalized by dividing each element by the total number of elements in the matrix.

      true, after downsampling your gradient will get smaller on later layers

    1. Style transfer exploits this by running two images through a pre-trained neural network, looking at the pre-trained network’s output at multiple layers, and comparing their similarity. Images that produce similar outputs at one layer of the pre-trained model likely have similar content, while matching outputs at another layer signals similar style.

      Style ~ vertical Content ~ horizontal

  18. Sep 2019
  19. Aug 2019
    1. standard meth

      "standard methods" - I don't really like this, and these techniques are very very very far from the only ways to model this data, but I make a compromise for the reviewer between depth of detail that demonstrates expertise (see my comments below the pdf, I don't think this is a good strategy) and sparseness of detail that may raise questions by leaning on collaborators in the next sentence.

    2. Because the two models make different predictions about the activity in a phoneme processing region, testing model predictions and identifying candidate regions will be a joint process.

      Here I need to describe what are, in reality, pretty technical analytical methods. There's a lot of detail that I could present to make my analysis more specific, but you just don't have space for that. Note my very qualitative description of the two competing theories, and how I am reusing & extending the framework I set up in the introduction.

    3. I will continue to validate the model by investigating the acoustic featuresmice use to discriminatephonemes, and compare these features to those used by humans

      I think it's smart to keep your aims short and specific, and include any further experiments as brief 'future directions' at the bottom of the aim. Of course, the whole experiment includes these two 'future directions' but by doing this you can give your reviewer a sense of how you're thinking about the problem without spending the space actually describing all your experiments.

    4. nly a slightloss in accuracy

      If you are describing results, you do not need to actually present numbers. This isn't a paper for peer review, you just need to have your reviewers understand what it is that you're doing. Notice how I don't describe the experiment at all (what kind of task? how were they trained?)

    5. Coarticulation

      pick 1-2 jargon words (at the absolute max 3) if they are necessary for your proposal. explain them early, and use them consistently (ie. don't use both the expanded form of an abbreviation and the abbreviation).

    6. For example

      Examples are worth a thousand words. Taking the extra time here to give the reviewer something concrete to return to is very worth preventing the question from becoming muddled.

    7. We hear spoken words as a series of discrete sounds, or phonemes.Yet speech is continuous, andthe articulatory maneuvers required to produceone phonemepowerfully influence those needed to produce the next –they are “coarticulated.”

      You want to start by clearly presenting an open scientific question. Your reader should leave the first few sentences knowing exactly what it is that you propose to study. one common way is to present a dilemma/contradiction that motivates your project.

    1. chronicle

      The first definition of "chronicle" in the Oxford English Dictionary is "A detailed and continuous register of events in order of time; a historical record, esp. one in which the facts are narrated without philosophic treatment, or any attempt at literary style." Though a chronicle is usually without literary style, the sonnet's chronicle is full of beauty, rhyme, and praise. The OED further notes the figurative use of chronicle, which may apply here, too. Shakespeare's Henry IV describes elders as "time's doting chronicles."

    1. [![lessondesk-code-style](https://img.shields.io/badge/code%20style-lessondesk-ffa400.svg?style=flat-square)](https://github.com/lessondesk/eslint-config)
  20. May 2019
  21. Apr 2019
  22. gutenberg.net.au gutenberg.net.au
    1. there could not have been a more favourable spot for the seclusion of the Miss Beauforts

      Austen is making fun of women like the Beauforts who claim they want to be private but really go out of their way to make themselves known to everyone

    2. as alert as ever.

      Ironic given that the sea air was supposed to kill her

    3. 'Oh! Woman in our hours of ease

      Although Austen has not shied away from using other writers' work before, this is the first time she breaks her own narrative to insert direct quotes of theirs, emphasizing both the strangeness and awkwardness of Sir Edward's impassioned rant.

    4. letters

      Letters are a recurring plot device in Austen's novels, from Knightley's declaration of love via letter to Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice to Frank Churchill's consistent apologies in letters to his father and step-mother (Mr. and Mrs. Weston) in Emma. Here, they serve as an opportunity for Austen to introduce the reader to a few new characters who will factor into the story later on.

    5. Impossible that it should be the same."

      Sense of irony here on the part of Austen because it is so obvious that these women are the same

    6. It struck her, however,

      We have another instance of Free Indirect Discourse

    7. They were anti-spasmodic, anti-pulmonary, anti-septic, anti-billious and anti-rheumatic. Nobody could catch cold by the sea; nobody wanted appetite by the sea; nobody wanted spirits; nobody wanted strength.

      An example of free indirect discourse that taps into the perspective of Mr Parker. Free indirect discoures is a technique Austen frequently graces her audience where she uses third-person narration to portray the perspective of a character and their consciousness as they perceive the world.

    8. generally

      in her novels, Austen often uses moderate modality words that add a tone of speculation to her description. This addition of "generally" is similar to how Emma "seemed to unite some of the best blessings of existence" that encourages her audience to sense a disconnect between the general appearence and the exceptions.

    9. they were very accomplished and very ignorant

      Austen uses an apparent paradox to comment on the failure of accomplishments as the suitable form of education for young women, through the ironic characters that have equally all the considered accomplishments of the world and all the lack of proper understanding like Miss Bingley in Pride and Prejudice.

    10. A gentleman and a lady travelling from Tunbridge

      Unlike previous Austen novels, which begin by establishing the members of a family, their dwelling, and their social stand, Sanditon starts in the middle of action, with the names of the "gentleman and lady" in question not revealed until the end of the chapter. Moreover, a heroine is not introduced.

  23. Mar 2019
    1. Laboratory activities and constructivism are two notions that have been playing significant roles in science education. Despite common beliefs about the importance of laboratory activities, reviews reported inconsistent results about the effectiveness of laboratory activities. Since laboratory activities can be expensive and take more time, there is an effort to introduce virtual laboratory activities. This study aims at exploring the learning environment created by a virtual laboratory and a real laboratory. A quasi experimental study was conducted at two grade ten classes at a state high school in Bandung, Indonesia. Data were collected using a questionnaire called Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (CLES) before and after the laboratory activities. The results show that both types of laboratories can create constructivist learning environments. Each type of laboratory activity, however, may be stronger in improving certain aspects compared to the other. While a virtual laboratory is stronger in improving critical voice and personal relevance, real laboratory activities promote aspects of personal relevance, uncertainty and student negotiation. This study suggests that instead of setting one type of laboratory against the other, lessons and follow up studies should focus on how to combine both types of laboratories to support better learning.

      In this peer-reviewed study, two tenth-grade classes were analyzed as they used either a virtual or a real laboratory to accomplish learning tasks. The question raised was whether a real or a virtual laboratory was more conducive to constructivist learning. The study concluded that a real lab is better than a virtual one to trigger constructivist learning. This is of importance to me because I teach adults about software in both virtual and real laboratories, and when I develop content, I try to use the constructivist theory as much as possible as I find it works best for my audience, in addition to making novel content more relatable. Please note: I could not put the annotation on the text because the paper opened in a popup page that does not work with Hypothes.is. 7/10

    1. Teaching Adults:What Every Trainer Needs to Know About Adult Learning Styles

      This paper, a project o the PACER Center, discusses learning styles specifically as they pertain to adult learners. From the nitty-gritty podagogy vs. andragogy to the best ways to train for adults, this is a good tool for those who don't know much or need a refresher on adult learning theory and training adults. I love that it is set up in a textbook style, so it's friendly but has a considerable amount of information in a variety of formats. The section, "Tips for Teaching Adults" is helpful to me as it's a series of quick reminders about how to present my information best. 8/10

  24. Feb 2019
    1. et if Ornament be wholly neglected very few will regard us

      Reinforcing her idea that style matters.

    2. Most of Astell's discussion of rhetoric is devoted to style,

      Therefore, could we infer that Astell valued "style" as the most important of the five canons of rhetoric?

  25. Jan 2019
  26. static1.squarespace.com static1.squarespace.com
    1. Like I'm definitely, sometimes I'm obsessing over the ticks if I think this is a really important zone, but then sometimes I step step back and clear my head and I gain a lot of clarity from that. So I'm kind of in like an in between phase where it's also as a full time trader. I literally have all day I can do, I literally have the luxury of just watching every tick and putting in that screen time
  27. Dec 2018
    1. Furthermore,

      Don't say furthermore...

    2. I like to think that our lifestyle here is neither spartan nor exorbitant, but my standard of living is far improved from Lyon

      I like this sentence. It's concise, clear, intelligent without sounding pretentious.

    3. I existed permanently, but in a liminal state between arrival and departure, where the only variable was the passing of time

      I know it's completely subjective, but this really sounds like you're trying your best to sound pretentious. This isn't the way you speak.

    4. we’d

      Your writing style is fairly formal. Make sure you're being aware and intentional with your use of contracts.

    5. Two years of school near downtown Austin — coincidentally, a fifteen minute walk from my house of the final two undergraduate years.

      Again, your stylistic grammar choices effect the clarity of your sentence. "Two years of school near downtown Austin" is not a complete sentence.

    6. Not in Austin, but near, and often visiting. Twenty miles North. Sometimes, further

      Living twenty miles north of Austin or visiting twenty miles north? This is a confusing set of sentences. Unnecessarily truncated.

  28. Nov 2018
    1. The transition is a keen one, I assure you, from a schoolmaster to a sailor, and requires a strong decoction of Seneca and the Stoics to enable you to grin and bear it. But even this wears off in time.

      This phrase is typical of Melville's sentence construction. Comparison is the mean and reason is the goal.

    1. For the sweet spot you're looking for, I suggest being clear about if you're designing or developing. If you're designing and at the REPL, force yourself to step away with pen and paper after you've gotten some fast feedback.

      designing vs developing!

    1. IMPACTS OF LEARNING STYLES AND COMPUTER SKILLS ON ADULT STUDENTS’ LEARNING ONLINE

      This article explores how learning styles and computer skills impact student online learning. Further consideration is also given to course format and participants who were first time online learners. This is a complex study that investigates possible skills and abilities of first time online students. It would be interesting to conduct the same study, ten years latter to see if the changes in technology has improved the learners' computer skills and therefore the results of the study.

      RATING: 7/10

  29. Oct 2018
    1. A lot of this would be a non issue if we had end user programming. The problem today is that 'configurability' is itself something the programmer needs to implement

      acme example rob pike apparently had an elaborate answer as to why he wouldn't allow to change the colorschme

    2. Configuration knowledge is anti-knowledge -- learning how to conform to the inessential quirks of a system somebody else made up

      good take on configuration

    1. Lisp macros were also useful for the definition of new control structures, as well as new data structures. In ZWEI, we created a new iterative control structure called charmap, which iterates over characters in an interval. Intervals are stored as doubly-linked lists of arrays, and the starting point might be in the middle of one array and the ending point might be in the middle of another array. The code to perform this iteration was not trivial, and someone reading it might easily not understand the function it was performing, even though that function was the conceptually simple one of iterating over characters. So we created a macro called charmap that expands into the double-loop code to iterate over the characters. It is simple and obvious, and is used in many places, greatly reducing the size of the code and making the functionality obvious at a glance.

      use of macros implementing data structures making things more readable!

    2. It became policy to avoid abbreviations in most cases. In ZWEI, we made a list of several words that were used extremely often, and established 'official' abbreviations for them, and always used only those abbreviations. ... Words not on this list were always spelled out in full.

      abbreviations whitelist - good programming practice!

  30. Sep 2018
    1. But a high-quality solution is not the same thing as a meaningful solution

      Now we're talking

    2. space of partitionsΠ(X), we can search oversubsets ofXof sizek

      Perhaps a note on how much smaller the latter is?

    3. Effectively, we are searching for a partition in which the maximum radiusof a cluster is minimized.

      It's been a few pages since jumping into definitions. It may be worthwhile to emphasize somewhere earlier that these particular definitions are not applicable to every clustering problem, but rather it's a set of examples that cover a large set of techniques while showing many of the important considerations.

    4. help guide how we think about clustering a data set

      Now I'm hooked

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  31. Jun 2018
  32. Mar 2018
    1. In the meantime, however, white labor had continued to regard the United States as a place of refuge; as a place for free land; for continuous employment and high wage; for freedom of thought and faith. It was here, however, that employers intervened; not because of any moral obliquity but because’ the Industrial Revolution, based upon the crops raised by slave labor in the Caribbean and in the southern United

      I have chosen this paragraph in particular to discuss the structure of Du Bois' sentences. The appeal is marked by long sentences separated by semicolons and commas. Often these long sentences build on each other to create the effect of a kind of breathlessness, an endless list of the conditions that mark the ways in which Blacks are discriminated in the US and the ways in which this hurts prospects for democracy at home and abroad.

  33. Feb 2018
    1. It goes against the conventional teacher wisdom that says students have to handle abstract ideas, and what the heck does writing physically have to do with that?

      Teachers should not make students handle abstract ideas, if anything, that may be what leads to students losing interest or misunderstanding what is being discussed. How can a student learn with nothing to relate to or translate abstract ideas into physical problems and results?

  34. Jan 2018
    1. whether available technology tools will enhance or detract from the learning experience.

      Each student learns differently, technology tools will definitely enhance or detract student learning experiences, but it is impossible to say which or to utilize technology in a way that only enhances learning. I think that it is about giving students a chance to find a medium that can be used by all of them.

  35. Oct 2017
  36. Jun 2017
  37. www.sblm.com www.sblm.com
    1. Please add font-weight:900 to every text item on the website. Current stroke is too thin.

  38. Apr 2017
    1. Six months later relief came. The government demanded a report from the Municipality on the question of the statue, and this together with other lapses on the part of the Municipality made them want to know why the existing Council should not be dissolved and re-elections ordered. I called on the Chairman and said, ‘You will have to do something grand now. Why not acquire my house as a National Trust?’‘Why should I?’ he asked.‘Because,’ I said, ‘Sir F. is there. You will never be able to cart him to his old place. It’ll be a waste of public money. Why not put him up where he is now? He has stayed in the other place too long. I’m prepared to give you my house for a reasonable price.’‘But our funds don’t permit it,’ he wailed.‘I’m sure you have enough funds of your own. Why should you depend on the municipal funds? It’ll indeed be a grand gesture on your part, unique in India . . .’ I suggested he ought to relieve himself of some of his old blanket gains. ‘After all . . . how much more you will have to spend if you have to fight another election!’ It appealed to him. We arrived at a figure. He was very happy when he saw in the papers a few days later: ‘The Chairman of Malgudi Municipality has been able to buy back as a present for the nation the statue of Sir Frederick Lawley. He proposed to install it in a newly acquired property which is shortly to be converted into a park. The Municipal Council have resolved that Kabir Lane shall be changed to Lawley Road.’

      This is a very funny story, and yet highly political. How so? Might you consider this an allegory?

    2. ttention to speculate whether HOPE or DOPE or ROPE mad

      In what ways are the words "hope", "dope", "rope" both symbolic and humorous?

    3. And one day, it was a bolt from the blue, the crash came. A series of circumstances in the world of trade, commerce, banking and politics was responsible for it. The gramophone company, which had its factory somewhere in North India, automatically collapsed when a bank in Lahore crashed, which was itself the result of a Bombay financier’s death. The financier was driving downhill when his car flew off sideways and came to rest three hundred feet below the road. It was thought that he had committed suicide because the previous night his wife eloped with his cashier.

      The humour comes somewhat with the word "crash" accumulating so many references!

    4. ‘Five-nought-one in second-class! Can it be true?’ he shrieked. He looked at the number again and again. Yes, there it was. He had obtained a second-class. ‘If this is true I shall sit in the B.A. class next month,’ he shouted. His voice rang through the silent building. ‘I will flay alive anyone who calls me a fool hereafter . . .’ he proclaimed. He felt slightly giddy. He leant against the wall. Years of strain and suspense were suddenly relaxed; and he could hardly bear the force of this release. Blood raced along his veins and heaved and knocked under his skull. He steadied himself with an effort. He softly hummed a tune to himself. He felt he was the sole occupant of the world and its overlord. He thumped his chest and addressed the notice-board: ‘Know who I am?’ He stroked an imaginary moustache arrogantly, laughed to himself and asked, ‘Is the horse ready, groom?’ He threw a supercilious side glance at the notice-board and strutted out like a king. He stood on the last step of the porch and looked for his steed. He waited for a minute and commanded, ‘Fool, bring the horse nearer. Do you hear?’ The horse was brought nearer. He made a movement as if mounting and whipped his horse into a fury. His voice rang through the dark riverside, urging the horse on. He swung his arms and ran along the sands. He shouted at the top of his voice: ‘Keep off; the king is coming; whoever comes his way will be trampled . . .’‘I have five hundred and one horses,’ he spoke to the night. The number stuck in his mind and kept coming up again and again. He ran the whole length of the riverbank up and down. Somehow this did not satisfy him. ‘Prime Minister,’ he said, ‘this horse is no good. Bring me the other five hundred and one horses, they are all in second-classes—’ He gave a kick to the horse which he had been riding and drove it off. Very soon the Prime Minister brought him another horse. He mounted it with dignity and said, ‘This is better.’ Now he galloped about on his horse. It was a strange sight. In the dim starlight, alone at that hour, making a tap-tap with his tongue to imitate galloping hoofs. With one hand swinging and tugging the reins, and with the other stroking his moustache defiantly, he urged the horse on and on until it attained the speed of a storm. He felt like a conqueror as the air rushed about him. Soon he crossed the whole stretch of sand. He came to the water’s edge, hesitated for a moment and whispered to his horse, ‘Are you afraid of water? You must swim across, otherwise I will never pay five-nought-one rupees for you.’ He felt the horse make a leap.

      What does this horse fantasy acting-out symbolises?

    5. Soon the lights went out and the show started—a Tamil film with all the known gods in it. He soon lost himself in the politics and struggles of gods and goddesses; he sat rapt in the vision of a heavenly world which some film director had chosen to present. This felicity of forgetfulness lasted but half an hour. Soon the heroine of the story sat on a low branch of a tree in paradise and wouldn’t move out of the place. She sat there singing a song for over half an hour. This portion tired Iswaran, and now there returned all the old pains and gloom. ‘Oh, lady,’ Iswaran appealed, ‘don’t add to my troubles, please move on.’ As if she heard this appeal the lady moved off, and brighter things followed. A battle, a deluge, somebody dropping headlong from cloud-land, and somebody coming up from the bed of an ocean, a rain of fire, a rain of flowers, people dying, people rising from graves and so on. All kinds of thrills occurred on that white screen beyond the pall of tobacco smoke. The continuous babble on and off the screen, music and shouting, the cry of pedlars selling soda, the unrestrained comments of the spectators—all this din and commotion helped Iswaran to forget the Senate House and student life for a few hours.

      How does the world in the film contrasts with the world that Iswaran lives in? What does the film symbolise?

    1. The earth, that’s nature’s mother, is her tomb. What is her burying, grave that is her womb.

      What does the structure of Fr Lawrence's soliloquy reveal about how he thinks? The thinks is terms of contrasting ideas, using balanced lines which indicated by the parallelisms.

      These two lines are a chiasmus.

      Friar Lawrence is a deeply reflective person, turning over and over in his mind philosophical ideas, seeking to resolve contradictions. He is a priest-philosopher.

    2. Virtue itself turns vice, being misapplied, And vice sometime by action dignified.

      This is a chiasmus, which is a kind of parallel structure, but with the organising structure inverted.

    3. Nor aught so good but, strained from that fair use Revolts from true birth, stumbling on abuse.

      This is an example of parallelism. In its syntactic form, the structure of one sentence mirrors the other.

    4. FRIAR LAWRENCE

      This is a soliloquy — a very personal talk, revealing a character's most innermost personhood. If this person is reliable, then his soliloquy will be the most revealing.

    1. "You're nothing but a woman" means you are defective.

      Something familiar from the Cixous reading. And much like Cixous, Anzaldua has an active, boisterous voice in her writing.

  39. Mar 2017
    1. Does this seem difficult? It's not impossible, and this is what nourishes life

      Just wanted to highlight a good line. Also, a good example of Cixous' style, as I noted in my earlier annotation.

    2. In fact, she physically materializes what she's thinking; she signifies it with her body.

      We've talked a lot about embodied rhetoric for women, and the importance of acknowledging a rhetor's body, actions, and delivery as much as their words. But I'm also interested in this because Cixous' writing style is extremely animated: this almost sounds like a speech.

      Also, this reminds me of Kathryn's comment on Sarah Mallet using her seizures to legitimize her preaching.

  40. Feb 2017
    1. Once upon a time,

      There's a lot to be said of how The Rhetorical Tradition picks and summarizes its texts, but I will say, for this section: they've done some killer opening lines.

      N-to-the-sche's reputation precedes him, the bad boy of philosophy and his legendary moustache, and it gives the cliche a portentous weight.

  41. Jan 2017
    1. Our moods

      Who is included in "We"? The narrator seems to mean "humans." I like the way this shift to second person plural shifts the reader's focus from a judging mode (of Dodo) to a self-reflective mode, because it builds puts the narrator, reader, and character in the same place. But is it also presumptuous and thus risky to depict this phenomenon as universal? The narrator uses this technique a lot, and it makes me wonder who her "ideal reader" is--who is the reader that the text constructs?

  42. Nov 2016
  43. Oct 2016
    1. her hair Spread

      the enjambment here is interesting, forcing the reader to continue the sentence until the following line, continuously refreshing our ideas of what is to come

  44. Aug 2016