1,452 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2018
    1. 108 million children, the authors reported. Obesity rates among children are rising faster in many countries than among adults.

    2. food shortages, like Africa.
    3. heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease and other factors

      It's very sad to see people are dying because of the fast and unhealthy food!

    4. obesity

      According to obesity society website, they defined obesity as it is one of the most pervasive, chronic diseases in need of new strategies for medical treatment and prevention. As a leading cause of United States mortality, morbidity, disability, healthcare utilization and healthcare costs, the high prevalence of obesity continues to strain the United States healthcare system.

    5. obese,
    6. University of Washington and funded by the Gates Foundation, looked at 195 countries, essentially the world’s population, finding that rates of obesity at least doubled in 73 countries — including Turkey, Venezuela and Bhutan — from 1980 to 2015, and “continuously increased in most other countries.”
    7. swept

      What does SWEPT mean?

    8. millions of premature deaths

      This is unbelievable!!

    9. obese

      Why people are obese!?

    1. Hemings shared a father, John Wayles, with Jefferson’s wife, Martha.

      Therefore, the familial relationship between Martha Jefferson and Sally Hemings was what, Meliora students? A gold star to the first person to correctly answer.

    2. What did this mean for the institution of slavery in America? What did it mean for the hundreds of other people Jefferson enslaved during his lifetime? Virtually nothing, as it did not transform American slavery or change the lives of others enslaved on Jefferson’s plantations. But it meant a great deal to the six Hemings-Wayles children, who had very different lives and destinies than others enslaved at Monticello.

      Meliora students, what other examples are there of black people (enslaved or not enslaved) whose own life didn't change, but whose actions helped change the lives of others? Be specific, and include a link to your source.

    3. Jefferson was on the defensive about this his entire time in the country. That is almost certainly why he put James and Sally Hemings on the payroll with the other servants at his residence, the Hôtel de Langeac. The siblings were paid wages near the very highest rate in the city for a chef de cuisine and chambermaid. They had access to other people of color, as their neighborhood had the greatest concentration of such people in Paris, a small group who helped one another. There were lawyers who filed petitions on behalf of the enslaved. They did so pro bono and for money, which the Hemings siblings had.

      Meliora students, in Between the World and Me, how did Ta-Nehisi Coates describe his experience in Paris? Please provide a brief summary below.

    4. decades of historiography that makes clear that enslaved people, when they had chances, often acted to shape their circumstances to the extent that they could

      Meliora students, find an example of another enslaved person who made choices that helped them improve their circumstances. Briefly describe how the slave influenced their situation, and provide a link to your source.

    5. A number of news reports as well as comments on social media discussing the plans drew the ire of many readers because they referred to Hemings as Jefferson’s “mistress” and used the word “relationship” to describe the connection between the pair, as if those words inevitably denote positive things. They do not, of course — especially when the word “mistress” is modified by the crucial word “enslaved.”

      Meliora students, what do you think? Given that Sally Hemings was enslaved, do you think it is appropriate to consider her interactions with Thomas Jefferson a "relationship?" Explain your answer.

    6. Jefferson would never be involved with “a slave girl” and that such a person was too low to have influenced Jefferson

      Meliora students, what are your thoughts? Would the disparity between Jefferson and Heming's status meant that she would have been unable to influence him? Explain your response.

    1. Employment attributed to electronic shopping firms has doubled

      does this make employment in actual retail stores decline?

  2. Feb 2018
    1. The number of Portuguese dying from overdoses plunged more than 85 percent before rising a bit in the aftermath of the European economic crisis of recent years. Even so, Portugal’s drug mortality rate is the lowest in Western Europe — one-tenth the rate of Britain or Denmark — and about one-fiftieth the latest number for the U.S.
    2. 25,000 Portuguese use heroin, down from 100,000 when the policy began.

      Since it was decriminalized the number of users dropped drastically

    3. After more than 15 years, it’s clear which approach worked better. The United States drug policy failed spectacularly, with about as many Americans dying last year of overdoses — around 64,000 — as were killed in the Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq Wars combined. Photo

      Why wont we make a change towards portugals way of tackling drugs. We had more people die from drugs then from any person in the vietnam, afghanistan, abd iraq wars COMBINED!!!!!

    4. drug addiction has been treated more as a medical challenge than as a criminal justice issue.

      it is a much better approach to tackle the problem then to incarcerate people in prison for these petty drug crimes.

    5. gently encourages them to try to quit and gives them clean hypodermics to prevent the spread of AIDS.

      it is a change to try and get them to stop without really pushing it on them

    1. “These are animals,” President Trump said of MS-13 members. Most often, rather, they are like my student: young people, not unlike child soldiers, who enter a violent life

      Calling these gang members "animals" is not at all accurate because these people often don't have a choice and gangs is their only escape out of their struggles.

    2. . Being in school felt impossible to him because he felt unable to succeed at it. He had an upcoming court case and no lawyer; that, he knew, would cost money he didn’t have.

      Poor kids that cannot succeed in school often lead horrible lives and are even at risk of becoming homeless.

    3. thousands of dollars of high-interest debt and little or no English skills. And they face an administration that insists that they are gangsters bringing bloodshed and gang warfare to American cities.

      How do the immigrants arrive to the United States if they are clearly in debt?

    4. 13. For two years he lived alone in her house, selling water bottles on the street on behalf of a neighboring family. Sometimes they invited him over for dinner; other times they didn’t.

      How are these kids able to survive if they are by themselves and can not afford food?

    1. In the latest dramatic development for the Ball family, LiAngelo Ball, the U.C.L.A. freshman basketball player who recently got into legal trouble while in China, will leave the team.“We learned today of LiAngelo Ball’s intention to withdraw from U.C.L.A.,” the Bruins’ coach, Steve Alford, said in a statement. “We respect the decision he and his family have made, and we wish him all the best in the future.”TMZ Sports initially reported the news that LiAngelo Ball would not return, and ESPN later confirmed the news with Ball’s father, LaVar, who said his son was leaving the school entirely. Lonzo Ball, LiAngelo’s older brother, starred for U.C.L.A. last season before departing for the N.B.A. after his freshman year.“We are exploring other options with Gelo,” LaVar Ball told ESPN, using LiAngelo’s nickname. “He’s out of there.” Advertisement Continue reading the main story In the ESPN report, LaVar Ball said that LiAngelo would not be seeking another college team, and would instead begin preparing for the N.B.A. draft. But while his brother, Lonzo, was the No. 2 pick in this year’s draft, LiAngelo is not considered an N.B.A. prospect. Continue reading the main story Related Coverage Trump Blasts LaVar Ball: ‘I Should Have Left Them in Jail!’ NOV. 19, 2017 How Trump Helped Liberate U.C.L.A. ‘Knuckleheads’ From China NOV. 14, 2017 High Octane Is a Brotherly Blend FEB. 19, 2016 Advertisement Continue reading the main story The family’s only public commentary on the move thus far has been a post to Twitter by their shoe and apparel company, Big Baller Brand. Family First. ️️️ pic.twitter.com/ijeVHHkcdz — Big Baller Brand (@bigballerbrand) Dec. 5, 2017 If the decision is not reversed, LiAngelo Ball, who gained national notice when he and his two brothers all committed to play for the Bruins, will finish his stint at U.C.L.A. without appearing in a regular season game for the team, though he did play in the preseason.LiAngelo Ball’s problems at U.C.L.A. started with a disastrous trip to China with the team, during which he and three teammates were arrested on suspicion of shoplifting. President Trump, who was on a tour of Asia, personally intervened with President Xi Jinping of China to get the issue settled. The team responded to the incident by suspending Ball and the two other players who were arrested, Cody Riley and Jalen Hill, on an indefinite basis.While Ball made it clear in his public remarks following his return to the United States that he was grateful for the president’s assistance, the situation escalated when LaVar Ball publicly questioned how much help the president had actually delivered.For LaVar Ball, the drama of arguing with the president and having his son leave U.C.L.A. — where his youngest son, LaMelo, is also committed to attend in 2019 — is nothing new. The patriarch of the family is so outspoken that the Lakers have been enforcing a policy in which the news media is not permitted to congregate in a section of the arena where family and associates of the players wait after the game. Some employees have reportedly been calling the enforcement the “LaVar Ball rule”.How the situation at U.C.L.A. will affect Lonzo Ball, a rookie guard for the Los Angeles Lakers, is unknown, but as recently as last night he had been telling reporters that the drama around him was beginning to die down. Asked about the chaos surrounding him and his brother’s legal situation, Lonzo Ball said: “Yeah, it is definitely calming down, given that it happened two weeks ago. When it first happened, it was definitely on me and stuff. But it definitely died down.”

      Liangelo had pulled out of UCLA after his China case. Gelo had not played a game with the Bruins yet in the regular season. At the time, Lavar Ball said "We are seeking other options"


    1. The administration shrank Bears Ears National Monument, a sprawling region of red rock canyons, by 85 percent, and cut another monument, Grand Staircase-Escalante, to about half its current size.
    1. Education start-ups like Seesaw give her their premium classroom technology as well as swag like T-shirts or freebies for the teachers who attend her workshops. She agrees to use their products in her classroom and give the companies feedback. And she recommends their wares to thousands of teachers who follow her on social media.

      Educator agency co-opted by neoliberal reform; pedagogy traded for the currencies of social and economic prestige.

  3. Jan 2018
    1. It was a repudiation of feminism itself.

      This is so true

    2. it happened that “women” was the one tent large enough to contain almost every major strain of protest against Trump.

      I find this to be so interesting. The march this year was more than just a women's march. People marched for all kinds of things mainly in opposition of Trump. It is amazing to me that instead of starting protests or something, everyone came out and marched united.

    1. An Iceberg the Size of DelawareJust Broke Away From Antarctica

      Overall scientific credibility: 'very high', according to scientists who analyzed this article.

      evaluation card

      Find more details in the annotations below and in Climate Feedback's analysis

    1. Arctic’s Winter Sea Ice Drops to Its Lowest Recorded Level

      Overall scientific credibility: 'high', according to scientists who analyzed this article.

      evaluation card

      Find more details in the annotations below and in Climate Feedback's analysis

    2. called Arctic amplification

      in which Arctic surface air temperatures warm at a faster rate than global average temperature

    3. could occur by 2030, although many scientists say it may not happen for a decade or two after that.

      2030 is on the early side of ice-free predictions but definitely not out of the realm of possibility

    1. Earth Sets a Temperature Record for the Third Straight Year

      Overall scientific credibility: 'very high', according to scientists who analyzed this article.

      evaluation card

      Find more details in the annotations below and in Climate Feedback's analysis

    1. What these findings show is that pride, gratitude and compassion, whether we consciously realize it or not, reduce the human mind’s tendency to discount the value of the future.

      pride, gratitude, compassion are emotions that leads us to value the future more, rather than using the instruments of logic and willpower. it's an interesting claim. but it's necessarily the case that one has to eliminate the other. you can still use logic and willpower to make those decisions about the future, about the marshmellow, but the reason why is rooted in other people. and it's this social connection that is a really good motivator for people. having an emotional connection to something is more likely to illicit a powerful reaction than just pure logic and willpower. so maybe it's when thinking about the future logic < emotional. well it's two different things. in terms of deciding to discount the future. i would say that logic does allow us to value the future more. but to follow through? i guess pride and compassion helps to increase perseverance as well.

  4. Dec 2017
    1. If the South Bronx were a state, it would have the second highest rate of drug overdose in the country after West Virginia.

      Wow! Very sad and disturbing.

    1. For example, many experts on sea level believe that a rise of 15 or 20 feet has already become inevitable, though they cannot say how fast it will happen. A rise that large would drown most of the world’s coastal cities without heroic efforts to fortify them.

      It might have been useful to cite some scientists and make a stronger connection between sea level rise and the rest of the article here. It is not clear what timescale this magnitude of sea level rise would happen on.

    2. “It never stopped.”

      This is another important point to make -- there will be periods where the Earth warms less quickly (not every year will be a record year), but the heating of the Earth continues.

    3. When the heat buildup in the ocean is taken into account, global temperatures are rising relentlessly.

      This is an excellent and important point.

    4. That group, however, did not find that three records had been set in a row; in its analysis, 2010 was slightly warmer than 2014.

      This is a small, but useful illustration that there is uncertainty in these datasets and their representation of record warmth.

    5. 400,000 Hiroshima atomic bombs exploding across the planet every day

      The Earth is big. Time matters for an explosion. This is comparable to 0.000,000,01 bombs per meter per second.

    6. Fear has erupted within the agencies about whether their data will now be subject to political manipulation.
    7. only one other instance when global temperature records were set three years in a row: in 1939, 1940 and 1941.

      The start of the second world war also changed the composition of the fleet making the sea surface temperature observations and with it the measurement methods used changed quickly. Climatologists have made adjustments to account for this problem, but it is well possible that this was incomplete. Uncertainties in this period are larger than in the decades before and after.

      Thus it could well be that these three records in a row are due to remaining problems. I would not have emphasised it.

    8. some of them fear an accelerated era of global warming could be at hand over the next few years.

      I do not recall any climate scientist making that claim. It may happen, but I am unaware of reasons why it should be more likely than otherwise to happen.

    9. The heat extremes were especially pervasive in the Arctic, with temperatures in the fall running 20 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit above normal across large stretches of the Arctic Ocean.

      Where the Arctic ocean freezes the air can get very cold because the ice blocks the heat transport from the relatively warm ocean water. The temperature variability is naturally larger in the Arctic than in the mid-latitudes (USA, Europe).

      Thus it was very warm in the Arctic. As Gavin Schmidt said:

      “What’s going on in the Arctic is really very impressive; this year was ridiculously off the chart”

      But 20 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit may not be as exceptional as it sounds to our ears.

    1. “Faith requires the possibility of rejection, or it is not faith.”

      Actually, science requires the possibility of rejection, or it is not science.

    1. The Alexandria scenes are shot in an actual housing development called the Gin Property — anyone who moves in must accommodate the show’s filming schedules and needs, like the unsightly metal wall that surrounds the subdivision in order to protect Rick and the gang from invaders.

      Wow, that's amazing!

    1. without pay since late November

      that's something at least

    2. “While we believe that Glenn has acted offensively, we have decided that he does not deserve to be fired,” Mr. Baquet said.


    1. The Federal Communications Commission voted on Thursday to dismantle landmark rules regulating the businesses that connect consumers to the internet, granting broadband companies power to potentially reshape Americans’ online experiences.

      The day the internet died...

    1. our wildfires roared through Southern California on Tuesday, forcing the evacuation of tens of thousands of people and destroying hundreds of homes and other buildings in the latest chapter of what has been one of the state’s worst fire seasons.

      People need to help them

    1. but a federal judge ruled this summer that the state is not required to inform people with convictions who couldn’t vote under the old law that they may now register to vote.


    2. The law bars people with felonies of “moral turpitude” from voting. For decades such crimes were ill defined, but once included things like miscegenation


    1. President Trump plans to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and move the American Embassy there, upending nearly seven decades of American foreign policy and potentially destroying his efforts to broker peace between Israel and the Palestinians.

      here is my annotation

    1. An undocumented immigrant from Mexico who had been deported 20 times and had been arrested for various offenses was sentenced to 35 years in prison on Friday after pleading guilty to brutally assaulting two women in Oregon on the same day in July.

      This is bad for the view of immigrants that are not bad, not all immigrants are like this, however some can be dangerous.

    2. After Mr. Garcia Zarate’s acquittal on Thursday, “Mr. Martinez becomes the immigration boogeyman that the administration all wants us to fear,” Mr. Sarre said. “He’s the poster boy for the border wall. It’s a great way to scare people.”

      Seriously They just gave Trump his excuse for a wall. Out of all the legal ones and lawabiding immigrates this is the one they will point out

    1. I can only imagine how it has reopened the wounds of the women who came forward with their stories about him, and did not receive enough attention. This country is currently trying to reconcile itself to years of power abuse and sexual misconduct. Its leader is wantonly poking the bear.

      Poking the bear?

    1. Mr. Mueller’s investigators have learned through witnesses and documents that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu asked the Trump transition team to lobby other countries to help Israel, according to two people briefed on the inquiry. Investigators have learned that Mr. Flynn and Mr. Trump’s son-in-law and senior adviser, Jared Kushner, took the lead in those efforts. Mr. Mueller’s team has emails that show Mr. Flynn saying he would work to kill the vote, the people briefed on the matter said.

      So Jared was the mastermind.

    1. “The way we die is a mirror of the way we live,” said Takumi Nakazawa, 83, the chairman of the resident council at Mrs. Ito’s housing complex for the past 32 years.


  5. Nov 2017
    1. One account, Army of Jesus, published an illustration of an arm-wrestling match between Christ and the devil. “Satan: If I win, Clinton wins!” the headline read.

      It's interesting to think about whether Russia created the voters that we have/had today/in 2016 or whether they were just that in tune with the things brewing under the surface in America at the time. Both are both scary possibilities, but they are very different sides of the coin.

    1. One factor driving Mr. Zuckerberg may be the brisk ad business that Facebook does from its Hong Kong offices, where the company helps Chinese companies — and the government’s own propaganda organs — spread their messages.

      being able to have an influence on the ad business is very promising to a company's future. With tracking our daily media consumption, I now realize how much advertisements impact our lives. It can shape political views and entice a person to buy products. This factor is huge!

    2. At a White House dinner in 2015, Mr. Zuckerberg had even asked the Chinese president, Xi Jinping, whether Mr. Xi might offer a Chinese name for his soon-to-be-born first child — usually a privilege reserved for older relatives, or sometimes a fortune te

      do you think that Zuckerberg would have won over the Chinese officials if he used different tactics? If so, what are they?

    3. Populous, developing countries like Vietnam are where the company is looking to add its next billion customers — and to bolster its ad business.

      expanding the network into a whole new country poses a great opportunity to generate more business. There isn't a major social presence which plays into Facebook's advantage.

    1. Senate leaders can afford only two Republican defections in order to win passage through the narrowly divided chamber.

      senate leaders

    1. We found that one in five of the coalition strikes we identified resulted in civilian death, a rate more than 31 times that acknowledged by the coalition. It is at such a distance from official claims that, in terms of civilian deaths, this may be the least transparent war in recent American history. Our reporting, moreover, revealed a consistent failure by the coalition to investigate claims properly or to keep records that make it possible to investigate the claims at all. While some of the civilian deaths we documented were a result of proximity to a legitimate ISIS target, many others appear to be the result simply of flawed or outdated intelligence that conflated civilians with combatants. In this system, Iraqis are considered guilty until proved innocent. Those who survive the strikes, people like Basim Razzo, remain marked as possible ISIS sympathizers, with no discernible path to clear their names.

      Here's the nut graph.

    1. No doubt most of you do some or all of these things

      Most, but not all. Some 30 million Americans are without high-speed home internet access, a problem Chairman Pai has made worse by recent efforts to dismantle the FCC's Lifeline program, which offers affordable broadband access options to low-income households.

    2. Ajit Pai

      Ajit Pai is Federal Communications Commission Chairman, appointed by President Donald Trump in early 2017. He previously served as a commissioner to the federal agency, and before that as general counsel to Verizon.

    1. “This is not editorial censorship and does not affect the content we publish or make accessible elsewhere in the world,” she said.

      it doesn't MATTER

    2. They accused the company of prioritizing profit over free speech.


    3. The publisher defended its decision, saying that only 1 percent of its content was inaccessible in mainland China.


    1. truly pursue its lofty goals

      Again, which seems to be a problem for most of these critiques, is the acceptance of fb's claims about who/what they are. FB started as a way to rate college students based on their looks. It's now the biggest surveillance engine the world has ever seen. Zuck pitches "community" but users of the platform have no rights other than those granted by Zuck, no ability to make or change the rules of the "community" and no choice in how that "community" uses their data. It's telling that users are an afterthought in most of these suggestions.

    2. Whistle-blowers and dissidents might need to use a different platform.)

      The way that he casually mentions whistle blowers and dissidents is troubling to say the least. Also, will dig up studies, but removing anonymity hasn't really shown to decrease trolling or other bad behavior. Also, "privacy" anyone?


    3. Given this problem, Facebook needs to help us unite by building new sharing tools based on trust and respect.

      I respect Albright, but this buys into the notion of "sharing" that facebook (and other platforms tbh) have sold us. The model of fb is to monetize our relationships and control the feed to maximize engagement. This is antithetical to trust and respect--the information asymmetry and lack of user control don't allow for trust or respect.

    4. Political and interest-based advertising should be under much stricter scrutiny than, say, the advertising of T-shirts or hair products.

      These ads should be listed for all to see, possibly along with their purchaser.

      That was I can see (and ask questions why) my neighbor is getting micro-targeted ads...and I am not.

    5. It’s very difficult, and in many cases impossible, for researchers to independently look at behavior on the platform.

      Also some stories last week about Facebook and Twitter going back and deleting content (and access to content) from the election. Researchers were unpacking this...and then all of a sudden things disappear.

      I believe the Internet is the dominant text of our generation. These discussions on Facebook, Twitter, and elsewhere are public discussions and documents (IMHO). There should be "rules" about deleting and obfuscating these texts...even by the companies themselves.

    6. filter

      Thinking that I'd like to have a slider scale to select the level CRAP you'd like to have in your feed.

      All of the way to one direction for honest, reputable, verified. Slide it the other direction for complete mayhem.

      I think we need to call in Bryan Mathers for a mockup of this.

    7. Facebook could also offer an optional filter that would keep any post (or share) of an unverified account from showing up. I’d use that filter.

      I'd love this for Twitter, Facebook, etc. Some "verification layer" that let's you know if the person went through extra steps and is "real."

      This would save the hassle of reading something ridiculous...and then having to click through to their profile and realizing that ALL of their other content is also ridiculous.

    8. countering misinformation, hate speech and propaganda — can take is to abandon the focus on emotional signaling-as-engagement.

      Ultimately, do they even want to do this? Is there any fiduciary responsibility to do this? Even news agencies (on various sides...all good people) are looking at the tons of revenue in subscriptions, ads, and views.

      My thinking is that they don't, and ultimately this will blow over. Ultimately, I think it depends on the objectives, goals, and whether or not they can engineer their way out of this.

    9. As they stand, and especially with algorithmic reinforcement, “reactions” and “likes” are like megaphones for echo chambers and news outrage.

      This is something that's been nagging at me for the last couple of weeks.

      Does it all matter? Does that tweet, share, thumbs up, like really matter at all? If you/we/I share out of tweet of support, outrage, or indifference, does it really matter on the grand scale.

      Yes, I might have some likeminded individuals value it, read it, use it, share it. But, ultimately aren't we really just shouting into the echo chambers that have been built up for us thanks to these algorithms and networks? We're preaching to the choir.

      I'd like to think that open can/will combat this...but unsure.

      I think this is a post for Hybrid Ped or elsewhere. Lemme know if this resonates with anyone and you want to write it out.

    10. Political and interest-based advertising should be under much stricter scrutiny than

      It is helpful to think of the housing ads targeted on race, and the change brought about in this area by ProPublica. This was successful because of existing legislation (Fair Housing Act). Facebook can be forced to change its ways depending on the ultimate purpose of the ad.

    11. Democrat representing California’s 17th Congressional District, which includes sections of Silicon Valley.

      It's interesting that the lawmaker on the panel keeps saying what facebook needs to do but doesn't propose anything like legislation. Regulations of platforms are pretty much nonexistent in the United States. We shouldn't have to ask for transparency; there should be regulations that mandate it.

    12. How to Fix Facebook?

      no way. just stop using it NOW

    13. 100 percent of individuals verified

      Again, this is a bit problematic given the whole "use your real name" thing that happened a couple of years ago, when people were getting kicked off for using their chosen names (esp. queer people, in the examples I remember). Like Jeremy alludes below, it's a fine line because unequal power means that policies have different effects on different people...

    14. solutions

      I also wonder about the difference between "solutions" and "alternatives."

    1. Africa remains a dangerous assignment. In addition to Sergeant Melgar and the four soldiers killed in Niger, one soldier committed suicide in Kenya last October and another died in a vehicle accident while on patrol in Niger in February.

      People underestimate how dangerous Africa is and even in enemy territory our army should be high alert because good men do not need to die.

    1. The courage this country has shown

      Can anyone explain me how exactly has Spain being oppressing Catalonia all these years? I just don't get it.

    2. has caused an outcry and our response to it has become a priority.

      Their response so far has been to do nothing, oh, and fly to Brussels to "tell the world" and "ask Europe to react"; which it did, saying it's Spanish internal affair, a country they consider a democracy.

    3. It is essential to weave solid alliances with all the social and economic actors that want to build a national state truly at the service of its citizens

      Which is what they've been doing for the past seven years.

    4. convert the country into just one more province of a divided Spain that does not tolerate national plurality

      Just for two months, after the elections you'll get it back. Spain does not tolerate national plurality; that's why there are four official languages (the common one you know as "Spanish", and three more coofficial in their own regions, Catalan among them). But yeah, we hate national plurality...

    5. our police force at its service

      Same here: it's not "their" police force; it's the Catalan's police force. Those who rule Catalonia have to command the police force, yes.

    6. control the media

      Control the Catalan public television, since it's part of the Catalan government whose function they are exerting until the elections in two months.

    7. educational curriculum

      There are concerns and reports on the history books produced after 35 years of nationalist self-rule (and devolved education) differ somehow in their depiction of the history of Spain.

    8. control them despotically

      Despots exerting their constitutional powers. Aside from that, the courts still work and are open to everyone. Tyranny indeed!

    9. there is a clear dissociation between the democratic will of citizens and the central government

      Such a big dissociation that there are elections in two months.

    10. impose the state’s brute force

      Is he talking about the police during the referendum or about the suspension of the autonomy?

    11. the representatives of the citizens

      Yes, the Spanish tribunals are curious about those people whom they told what they were doing was likely illegal and rather serious, and yet went ahead and did it.

    12. limit rights and freedoms

      How exactly has that happened? The suspension of self-rule in Catalonia is no state of exception; all Catalans enjoy the same civil liberties and rights as before under the Spanish Constitution.

    13. dialogue

      Now, if someone keeps asking for seven years for the same thing you told them you cannot give them; and they don't come up with anything creative or political alliances or majorities, or alternative proposals other than the very same thing; AND they go ahead an do it; would you really say you have rejected dialogue?

    14. quash self-government

      For two months, we don't want to be greedy here.

    15. they will not always be easy to understand.

      In the next days we are going to act as if nothing had happened in the last two months, and prepare to take part in those regional elections called by the central government after we gave them enough grounds to suspend Catalan autonomy for the first time since it was restored in 1979.

    16. road

      A road where, Catalans are asking?

    17. With the referendum’s passing vote

      A referendum disowned by every international institution specialized in monitoring elections. But more importantly, one where only 43% if the census took part. So, a poll without guarantees taken among pro-independence Catalans is enough ground for declaring The Catalan Repulic. Very democratic.

    18. and will continue to be until the day our citizens decide otherwise in a free election.

      This is a very interesting one: this guy's party has accepted to take part in the elections called by the central government. Also, Puigdemont has agreed to accept their results. Are these the "free elections" he's talking about? Are these people their leaders for the next two months then? I know, it sounds less epic put this way.

    19. willing to have its machinery strike millions of citizens

      The "strike" so far has consisted in dismissing the Catalan government and taking over their self-ruling, and call for a snap election in Catalonia in two months to replace it. Behold the state machinery striking at millions of citizens!!

    20. And this is where we drew the line

      How exactly? They've been saying for seven years they would organize a referendum and declare independence eventually.

    21. and by extreme right-wing groups that have acted with complete impunity.

      To my knowledge there were no far-right groups acting on the day of the "referendum". There's been a few incidents during demonstrations against independence, including the stoning of the entrance of the Catalan public TV. But it's not definitively as systematic (rather anecdotical, though a contrast with the image of non-violence pro-independence demonstrators have managed to project) and ominous as he paints it.

    22. We believed that if we voted for independence peacefully, the Spanish government would listen to us

      Because the Spanish government had been saying all THESE SEVEN YEARS that they couldn't vote. So, hey, let's go an vote on our own and against their wishes ONE MORE TIME (yes, they did vote in 2014, though they framed it as a "consultive poll", and the Spanish government let that one fly).

    23. it tried to stop the referendum through the indiscriminate use of batons, threats and coercion.

      That was simply stupid and did reveal some unsettling tendencies running deep in the political culture of the PP, the party in power in Madrid. Let it be said though, that the police was acting under the orders of the Catalan Supreme Court in Barcelona.

    24. The Spanish government wants only servile obedience

      This is kind of a non sequitur.

    25. the Spanish government has never listened; we have always found the same wall of incomprehension and rejection

      The Spanish government has always answered the same when presented with the same question: you can't organize a referendum on secession; think of something else.

    26. The Constitutional Court has suspended every one of the initiatives of the Catalan government.

      The Constitutional Court, as you can see has been obsessed with suspending EVERY single thing the Catalan government did. Those cases he quotes are rather questionable, and usually what the court struck down was a different part of the legal initiative. In some cases, the core of the law was left untouched. But nationalism like BIG SIMPLE facts.

    27. This damage to Catalan society is part of a longstanding strategy of the Spanish government.

      Yes, the Spanish government loves sabotaging a region producing 19% of the country's GDP. They can't get enough of it, how do you think Spain has managed to achieve such high unemployment rates? By sabotaging Catalonia, of course. It's a national sport.

    28. with rushed legislative actions to encourage firms to move out of Catalonia,

      The central government frame it as "facilitating" in response to a genuine concern over legal security. Big firms like knowing in what country they'll be the following month. SO far, 1,700 companies have left Catalonia since October 1st.

    29. we Catalonians have been enduring a sustained effort against our self-government

      Actually, the problem is the rest of Spain has been enduring complete indifference to the Catalan government on the part of Madrid's government.

    30. that most Catalans wanted a peaceful, democratic vote to establish their independence.

      After 7 years of their own regional government hammering with this all day. No matter it was unconstitutional, nor that the Constitution can be changed. They had to do it their own way, forcing Madrid to do as they wanted.

    31. are being prohibited from deciding their future

      Not really, they have one of the highest degrees of self-government in Europe (dare say, the world), and they are overrepresented in the national parliament, where Catalan parties been instrumental to the formation of national governments.

    32. with the support of the public, has one priority

      Such a priority, that after proclaiming the republic they all went away for the weekend.

    1. Given the misogyny, morality, and economics that informed the public debate of the time — when a pregnancy out of wedlock could threaten a family’s plans for land inheritance, and even confer dishonor upon a local pastor — imagine that naïve young woman from the country: impregnated by a man, sometimes a relative, who would assume little of the shame and none of the responsibility.

      This speaks to some of the social and political systems at play that were root causes for what occurred here.

    2. The truth will out.

      Secrets never stay secret. The truth does come out, but it takes the work and perseverance of people like Catherine to bring these stories to light.

    3. a statue of the Blessed Virgin

      foreshadowing and irony.

    4. “That she was ashamed to tell us…”

      Shame and guilt are ever present in the stories told throughout the piece.

    5. Her mother had been conceived out of wedlock.

      Catherine's personal motivation.

    6. there remained the hint of sulfur about them.

      Reference to demons. The children were vilified and dehumanized by society.

    7. Magdalen Laundries

      These stories are harrowing! Tatamount to prison labor and peonage. Click this link!

    8. Everyone laughs, nearly. This moment will stay with Catherine forever.

      Catherine is driven by guilt. Parallel to the young mothers or different?

    9. glass-fanged walls

      This image is repeated throughout the essay. It takes on a symbolic meaning.

    10. In Ireland, the departed stay present.

      The strong connection to death and the reverence for death, dying and the dead is another ironic turn in the piece. It further emphasizes the wrong that was done to the young children who died at the home and didn't receive a proper burial.

    11. The fallen.

      The religious connotation is strong here as well. "The fallen" correlates the women and children to sinners. They are identified as sinners. They are worthy of our scorn and their status as castoffs. The author uses this term to identify how they were treated by the nuns and society so that we can see the injustice in their treatment.

    12. Behold a child.

      The beginning reminds me of a description of baby Jesus. Considering the role that the Catholic Church plays throughout the story and the victimization of the "home babies", this creates a strong sense of irony throughout the piece.

    1. many of their articles

      Is there any evidence on the numbers?

    2. the more papers the better

      That is changing. Many institutions and funders just ask you the mention what you consider your best papers/output

  6. Oct 2017
    1. Facebook should become a public benefit corporation.

      Yeah, ok! Take me to this planet! I love chatting with Kate over on Mastodon! Whatever wacky insanity Dr. Wu is peddling here (in the commons), I am buying (metaphorically and without ponying cash or data). I don't think FB will be the nonprofit public benefit platform we need. But maybe we can build it somewhere? Hoping the next backlash period in American political history will see a resurgence of public institutions with public infrastructure, including tech infrastructure. FB was built at Harvard. Let's build Wubook in the community colleges and town libraries and food co-ops. STOP LAUGHING BECAUSE I MEAN IT and we can.

    2. Coming clean

      I am so so so cynical because this seems ridiculous. I can only imagine that they would only come clean in targeted ways that shore up their longterm profit goals. They would take a small hit if it would benefit the company in the long run in terms of revenues and longevity. I just don't see how we can rely on this kind of airing of dirty laundry when we know it always needs to serve its own profit margins. That being said, I understand that the company's longterm sustainability could be improved if they admit to and fix their problems. But I just can't feel hopeful that this really makes the platform better for users: wouldn't it just make FB a better user of users?

    3. replacing at least half of the leadership team and board with underrepresented people of color who are informed and value diversity and inclusion


    4. advertising of T-shirts or hair products.

      I kind of think the days where we could separate out which products are political and which aren't may be just about over.

    5. Facebook should allow users to sort their news feed chronologically by default on all platforms, rather than rely on an algorithmically sorted News Feed.

      Someone call Twitter and remind them, too.

    6. recounted her time at the company


    7. a way to balance our impulsive present selves with our greater aspirations.

      This seems like a totally ridiculous idea, but this last line is awesome, and I would be interested in a tool that did this. I just wonder how you do this algorithmically. Like, do you let users totally define and build value according to their own personal standards? That's interesting. But this is so damn weird. Why would I want FB to get all up in my values this way? Maybe for the same reason I now count on them to archive the f*$%kin diary of my life. Doh.

    8. more transparency.

      I wonder if you can have "more" or "less" transparency. If transparency is controlled, won't it always be not transparent? Maybe clearer, but not transparent? If FB holds all the power to decide how to be more transparent, I just can't believe we could every really get transparency. Though maybe we could get something "good enough." After all, we have like NO transparency now and so many of us are still willing to be there. But I tend to think we may need al alternative to FB rather than a solution for FB.

    9. emotional signaling-as-engagement.

      I don't know what is weird to me about this, but somehow blaming users' emotional reactions seems...off...I dunno. I will sleep on it. Can't say what is bothering me about this.

    10. It should also greatly increase the human oversight of ad targeting systems — specifically, oversee algorithmically generated categories (rather than basing them solely on user-inputted interests). Political and interest-based advertising should be under much stricter scrutiny than, say, the advertising of T-shirts or hair products.

      Should this be done internally to corps or should gov have a hand in the regulation?

    11. Facebook should allow users to sort their news feed chronologically by default on all platforms, rather than rely on an algorithmically sorted News Feed.

      Customization again.

    12. It would be interesting if Facebook offered a “vintage Facebook” setting that users could toggle to, without News Feed ads and “like” buttons.

      Or just customization in general.

    13. The key is for Facebook to be upfront about technical challenges, open about its mistakes and willing to answer the tough questions honestly. If it does that, it will continue to earn the public’s trust.

      Feel me.

    14. Companies would need additional levels of verification, and should have a label and scrutiny different from those of people. (Whistle-blowers and dissidents might need to use a different platform.)

      Great example of the tension between social media as liberating/oppressing. Like Twitter can be used by Black Lives and white supremacists. When, in this case, does anonymity become abused versus liberating?

    15. What if there were a “trust emoji”? Or respect-based emojis?

      Love this idea.

    16. keep us addicted to the social network.

      Or at least keep us "in the stream."

    17. At Reddit, I was able to effect positive, lasting change (at least according to this research) to content quality and interaction quality by building a diverse executive team.

      Very interesting. Need to check this study out.

    18. “two masters” dilemma,

      Useful phrase.

    19. Instead of measuring clicks and likes, what if Facebook optimized for how much value an article or video or game gave us weeks or months afterward?

      Great, but how would you measure that?

    20. Worthy, beautiful goals, but easier said than done when Facebook is also stuck delivering ever-increasing profits and making its platform serve the needs of advertisers.

      Corporate structure at odds with idealist slogans. This is essentially why I left (Rap) Genius: it became increasingly apparent that despite the company's well-intentioned, truly felt aspirations, there were only so many avenues to monetization and all would in some way compromise the stated mission.

    21. The single most important thing Facebook must do is come clean. Tell us what you know. Tell us what you know but can’t share. Tell us what you don’t know. And tell us what you don’t know that you don’t know


    1. “As part of the scheme, Manafort and Gates repeatedly provided false information to financial bookkeepers, tax accountants and legal counsel, among others,” the indictment read.

      That sounds like they are trying to cover something up.

    1. It was coming together in her mind: “Bullies, Bystanders and Bravehearts.” It would be personal; there would be research; she would write, and she would talk, and she would interview people who had suffered fates worse than her own and bounced back.

      Should the narrative of science have a say in the outcome of science: the collective body of knowledge that is acknowledged as reliable?

    2. When I asked Gelman if he would ever consider meeting with Cuddy to hash out their differences, he seemed put off by the idea of trying to persuade her, in person, that there were flaws in her work.“I don’t like interpersonal conflict,” he said.
    3. She also knew what was coming, a series of events that did, in fact, transpire over time: subsequent scrutiny of other studies she had published, insulting commentary about her work on the field’s Facebook groups, disdainful headlines about the flimsiness of her research.

      How do we do replication studies without the unpleasant shaming that people tend to do if a finding that doesn’t replicate?

    4. Cuddy felt as if Simmons had set them up; that they included her TED talk in the headline made it feel personal, as if they were going after her rather than the work.

      Are talks/seminars based on (unreplicated) findings fair game for mentioning?

    5. as scientists adjusted to new norms of public critique

      What were the old norms of public critique?

    6. fellow academics have subjected her research to exceptionally high levels of public scrutiny

      Exceptionally high for a psychology study? Or exceptionally high for a replication study? Or exceptionally high for a psychology study that failed to replicate?

    1. President Hassan Rouhani of Iran declared on Friday that his country would continue to develop new missiles and “would not seek anyone’s permission to defend our land.”

      Iran seeks to defend its national interest to increase military power despite of the Nuclear Deal

    1. Mariel boatlift of 1980,

      What is this ?

    2. farmers are very unlikely to raise wages and improve working conditions to attract American workers instead.

      Why we need immigrants to work in farm work

    1. Subject to the receipt of further information, I will be allowing, as President, the long blocked and classified JFK FILES to be opened

      why is he doing this now?

    2. Conspiracy theorists have long clamored for what they hope will be evidence to prove that the government covered up the truth about the assassination

      releasing them is not going to stop conspiracy theories

    3. “The president believes that these documents should be made available in the interests of full transparency unless agencies provide a compelling and clear national security or law enforcement justification otherwise,” the statement said.

      Trump wants the people of the United States to be fully aware of the JFK assassination. No more conspiracies, he just wants the word out there.

    1. These menacing turns of events have been quite bewildering to the public,


    2. Lately, however, the sins of Silicon Valley-led disruption have become impossible to ignore.

      Or you could argue that anyone who did not see this coming had their heads in the sand. Perhaps the problem is more about business model - if investors and public markets drive Facebook to make ad revenue, then it's going to do that as best it can. Would we rather have a national money-making machine, or a platform for social connectedness for a fee?

    1. “Of course demand outweighs supply. And things are not getting better any time soon,”

      future is always bright the development of ai will be continuously working out

    2. The basic concepts of deep learning are not hard to grasp, requiring little more than high-school-level math.

      everyone can study ai as long as having the knowledge above high school

    3. In order to keep pace, smaller companies are looking for talent in unusual places.

      small companies also try to step into the ai realm they cant compete with big companies but they have their own way of recruiting

    4. Uber hired 40 people from Carnegie Mellon’s groundbreaking A.I. program in 2015 to work on its self-driving-car project.

      self driving is a kind of ai usage

    5. By 2013, Google, Facebook and a few other companies started to recruit the relatively few researchers who specialized in these techniques.

      big companies started the researches of ai since 2013

    6. The cutting edge of artificial intelligence research is based on a set of mathematical techniques called deep neural networks.

      the beginning of the intro of ai how it works when given orders

    7. Last year, according to the company’s recently released annual financial accounts in Britain, the lab’s “staff costs” as it expanded to 400 employees totaled $138 million. That comes out to $345,000 an employee.

      statistics of the cost on ai lab

    8. Most of all, there is a shortage of talent, and the big companies are trying to land as much of it as they can.

      the competition between ai majored people is intense

    9. Salaries are spiraling so fast that some joke the tech industry needs a National Football League-style salary cap on A.I. specialists. “That would make things easier,” said Christopher Fernandez, one of Microsoft’s hiring managers. “A lot easier.”

      emphasize that the salary is increasing rapidly

    10. Typical A.I. specialists, including both Ph.D.s fresh out of school and people with less education and just a few years of experience, can be paid from $300,000 to $500,000 a year or more in salary and company stock, according to nine people who work for major tech companies or have entertained job offers from them.

      income of jobs related to ai tech is relatively high

    11. Now the tech industry’s race to embrace artificial intelligence may render that advantage moot — at least for the few prospective employees who know a lot about A.I.

      ai has a bright future since not a lot of people know about ai

    12. Nearly all big tech companies have an artificial intelligence project, andthey are willing to pay experts millions of dollars to help get it done.

      ai is a global interest

    1. The death resulted in the chapter’s closing and a temporary hiatus on all Greek life activities at L.S.U. On Oct. 4, fraternities and sororities were permitted to resume activities but with new limits.

      Hopefully these new limits will prevent anything bad from happening again on this campus. Also, I hope other colleges learn from this one's mistake.

    2. One member told the police that Mr. Gruver kept messing up the Greek alphabet and that Mr. Naquin, 19, forced him to drink each time he made a mistake. Mr. Naquin was behaving so aggressively that another member told him to “cut it out,” the warrant said.

      This is incredibly inappropriate. Somebody should have done more than just told him to "cut it out"

    3. Also in May, four men pleaded guilty to voluntary manslaughter in connection with the 2013 death of Chun Hsien Deng, a student at Baruch College in Manhattan who was knocked out and killed during a hazing ritual that occurred on a fraternity trip to Pennsylvania.

      This is terrible

    1. Justice John G. Roberts Jr., arguing that the South had taken great strides that made the protections of the act unnecessary, based his decision in part on a Senate Judiciary Committee analysis that misinterpreted how the Census Bureau reports race and ethnicity data and wrongly suggested that registration gaps between minorities and whites had shrunk significantly, an error that neither he nor his clerks caught.

      Stunning Omission

    2. ProPublica found that the court cited faulty research or introduced their own errors in nearly a third of the 24 cases that relied on such facts.
    1. But then the regulatory measures they propose, even when they poll well, often lack any direct connection to the massacres themselves.

      One recent example of the "direct connection" requirement, preceded by countless others over the years.