252 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2020
  2. Sep 2020
  3. Aug 2020
    1. Lie: I felt sick, so I lay down.Here’s where it can get a bit tricky. The past tense of lie is lay, but not because there is any overlap between the two verbs. So when you say, “I lay down for a nap,” you’re actually using the verb lie, not lay, despite the way it sounds.
  4. Jun 2020
  5. May 2020
  6. Apr 2020
  7. Mar 2020
    1. This will of course depend on your perspective, but: beware Finnish and other highly inflected languages. As a grammar nerd, I actually love this stuff. But judging by my colleagues, you won’t.
  8. Feb 2020
    1. grammar : a punctuation mark — that is used especially to indicate a break in the thought or structure of a sentence
    1. as

      "as" is not necessary here. This is very minor mistake but since you are doing excellent job I am going to point out any mistake I find to contribute the project towards perfection.

  9. Dec 2019
    1. American People

      Here's another case of the mis-capitalization. American should be capitalized, but people should not.

    2. Impeachment Fever

      There are several instances in this document where words are improperly capitalized, presumably in an attempt to make them stand out and make them more memorable.

  10. Nov 2019
    1. Hundreds of studies — from eating better to avoiding the impulse to react to people on the basis of their skin color — have demonstrated


    2. “value bets”— bets when he actually had a good hand —

      to explain a word, can use --

  11. May 2019
    1. The aim of this book is to give you the knowledge and tools to write microcopy; and no, you don’t need to be a copywriter or content writer.

      This sentence is proof of the need for copyeditors.

    1. If we’re speaking of garden-variety errors, the most common error I’ve observed that manages to get past any number of sets of expert eyes and wind up printed in books is the use of “lead” where “led” is meant—that is, the past tense of the verb “to lead.”
    2. They mistake the apostrophe for a piece of punctuation when it is a spelling issue. 
    3. MN: You can have friends or you can correct people’s grammar.
    4. I still firmly believe that copy editors need only enough grammar to get them through the demands of their particular manuscripts; being a grammarian is entirely beside the point. Or to put it another way, grammar is part of what you do as a copy editor, but only a part. That said, it’s fun to know about the subjunctive, so I’ll concede that particular pleasure.

      Copyediting vs grammar knowledge. Or, and grammar knowledge.

  12. Feb 2019
    1. elocution

      More specifically, meaning: "the study of formal speaking in pronunciation, grammar, style, and tone."

    2. Chinese, says Bacon, is written "in Character� Real, which express neither letters nor words ... but things or notions;

      This notion of Chinese language is one that carries into the 20th century and has pretty far influence; Ernest Fenollosa's notes on Chinese characters and translations of Chinese poetry hugely influenced Ezra Pound and (by extension) 20th C poetry at large.

      In terms of this class, Chinese characters pose an interesting alternative to the subject-object grammar of English.

  13. Jan 2019
    1. The name Vatican city was first used in the Lateran Treaty, signed on 11 February 1929, which established the modern city-state. The name is taken from Vatican Hill, the geographic location of the state. "Vatican" is derived from the name of an Etruscan settlement, Vatica or Vaticum meaning garden, located in the general area the Romans called vaticanus ager, "Vatican territory".

      Named after "the" hill...

    1. “There are only three places that have a ‘the’ in the front of their name: the Vatican, The Hague, and the Bronx.” —Mary Higgins Clark
  14. Dec 2018
    1. six month


    2. high speed


    3. time here, b

      My time here either

    4. desk,

      space for a desk, coffee table, and couch.

    5. or


    6. here,

      no comma

    7. The specter of upcoming departure influenced behavior in a way that removed one from reality — academics in Lyon mattered less at home, new friends would return to their countries of origin and communication would lapse, and why invest for comfort when somewhere so briefly?

      This sentence is 44 words!!!

    8. we’d

      Your writing style is fairly formal. Make sure you're being aware and intentional with your use of contracts.

    9. fifteen minute


    10. ,

      remove comma

  15. Oct 2018
    1. His most famous contribution to the study of grammar may have been his tentative suggestion that sentences ending with a preposition
    2. Lowth's grammar is the source of many of the prescriptive shibboleths that are studied in schools,
    1. It was the schoolteacher and writer Anne Fisher whose English primer of 1745 began the notion that it's somehow bad to use they in the plural and that he stands for both men and women.
  16. Sep 2018
    1. Him

      This use of the dative through me momentarily. With "Scyld gewat," it sounds like the archaic "Scyld betook himself," but it's not a direct object (because not an accusative) as a reflexive would be. I take it as a dative of interest: instead of saying a place where Scyld departed from or for, the construction indicates that Scyld departed himself—separated from life, or died.

    2. god

      Because Old English scribes did not distinguish between "God" and "good," this usage may give modern readers pause: we may look for a noun to go with "god" thinking that it is the adjective "good." But it really is the noun "God."

    3. Gardena

      The relationship of the two genitives is unclear: did "we learn of the might of the Spear-Danes, of the people-kings," as two separate things: the deeds of some people-kings (who may have been all Danes, or note) and the deeds of Danes? Or did "we learn of the might of the people-kings OF the Spear-Danes," which is narrower? The poem leaves the choice to the reader.

    4. gefrunon

      The grammar here is a little confusing: "gefrunon," "we learned," or "we heard," has two different kinds of objects. The first is a simple direct object: "we heard the might." The second is a clause "we heard how the nobles did courageous deeds."

    5. sceaþena þreatum, monegum mægþum

      The two consecutive datives make the sentence ambiguous. They could be in apposition: Scyld may be taking mead benches from "troops of enemies, many peoples." However, he could just as easily taking mead benches "by troops of enemes from many peoples." R.D. Fulk, Robert E. Bjork, and John D. Niles note both possibilities in their note to 4–5, Klaeber's Beowulf and the Fight at Finnsburh, 4th ed. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008), in their Commentary, page 111.

  17. Aug 2018
  18. edu522.networkedlearningcollaborative.com edu522.networkedlearningcollaborative.com
    1. Incessentaly correcting graamer

      This may be my favorite line of the entire code of conduct! I'm doing my best to resist....

  19. Jul 2018
    1. Incessentaly correcting graamer

      This has to be my favorite part of the entire code of conduct. It's just crying out for a comment. I shall, however, refrain.

    1. To begin to develop a grammar of fake news, I collected six types of false information we’ve seen this election season.
  20. Jun 2018
    1. t is not a pedagogical grammar resource, as it is not limited to the actual material covered in the first-year textbook (DiB).

      Prepare addiitional resources to explain and practice focus on grammar for class

  21. Mar 2018
    1. Becauseでしょう indicates guess, it can be used for current events and past events that we are not certain.

      This is like the subjunctive in English and Spanish, but instead uses a form or the copula, です, instead of conjugating the verb into another form.

    1. ています can be used to mean an action (instantaneous or continuative) takes place on a regular basis.

      For example, "Every year, many people die," or "Every day, he goes to work."

    2. For English, telling the difference between instantaneous and continuative verbs is easy, because we seldom, if ever, use “be +ing” form for the former. For Japanese, however, the situation is complicated, as ていますcan be used with both kinds of verb.

      There is no way to tell the continuity of a verb by simply looking at it. One must understand the concept before knowing the full meaning when paired with ています.

    1. use ‘本を貸していただけませんでしょうか’ to make it even politer.

      book PRT-OBJ lend/give-TE_FORM it-is-acceptable-NEG COPULA-SUGGESTIVE PRT-INTERROGATIVE. "Is it not acceptable to give me your book?"

    2. ‘本を貸してくださいませんか’ (Can’t you lend me your book?)

      (your) book PRT-OBJ give-TE_FRM please-NEG (cannot) PRT-INTEROG (?). "Can't you give/lend me your book?"

      Using くださいません is the negative of ください which, when coupled with か makes a polite order in the form of a question: instead of "Please give me your book," it is "Can't you lend me your book?"

    3. By asking questions, the listeners feel that they have a choice to say no and thus are not offended by your request. In Japanese, you should also ask questions when you ask for a favor.

      When you ask a question, you give the other person(s) the choice to say "Yes" or "No." This is much more polite than any order using 下さい.

    4. when you ask the same people to do something FOR you, e.g. lend you a book or sign a recommendation letter for you, you can’t just use ください.

      This is like a homeless person saying "give me money, sir." It is still an order.

  22. Jan 2018
  23. Dec 2017
    1. n bu

      maybe add a comma here

    2. They found that people’s ability to detect road hazards, reaction time, and control of the vehicle were all impaired by cell phone use.

      The sentence is confusing and incorrectly structured

    1. according to which being watched by others while performing a task causes physiological arousal, which increases an organism’s tendency to make the dominant response.

      You could revise it to say: He then constructed his drive theory, "where being watched by others while performing a task causes a physiological arousal, thus increasing the organism's tendency to make the dominant response."

  24. Oct 2017
    1. The FORM-CLASS words (sometimes called open or lexical words) contribute content-meaningto the text and comprise the central subject matter in dictionaries.Whereas STRUCTURE-CLASS words (sometimes called closed, grammatical, or function words) contributegrammatical-structural meaning to the text. That is, they signal the relationships betweenwords in a sentence and function to make a text cohesive. They work rather like mortarto connect the bricks of the form-class words to each other.

      The Form-Class words and the Structure-Class words

    2. The function of a word in a sentence—that is, its role and its relationship to otherwords—always determines its part of speech in that sentence.

      Parts of speech vs Function/Role of words.

    3. We certainly don't follow the Latin-based, old-fashioned advice that forbids splittingan infinitive verb 'to boldly go' or, ending a sentence with a preposition (‘I have nobodyto go with’). These rules were based on the fact that allLatin infinitives are expressed as one word. Also, that Latin prepositions are always placedbefore the noun, so can never appear at the end of a Latin sentenc

      Latin based rules that don't apply to English now. 1- Don't split infinitives 2- Don't end a sentence with a preposition

      There are more

    4. There are lots of other rules such as not starting a sentence with ‘and’, or ‘but’,or ‘because’ that you might remember from school, but these are what some grammarianscall ‘bogus’ or ‘zombie’ rules.

      Bogus/Zombie rules like:

      Don't start sentences with and, but or because

    5. Traditional grammar was based on nine parts of speech:

      9 parts of speech Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Article, Conjunction, Preposition, Interjection.

    1. presents a more specific model of scientific research in psychology. The researcher (who more often than not is really a small group of researchers) formulates a research question, conducts a study designed to answer the question, analyzes the resulting data, draws conclusions about the answer to the question, and publishes the results so that they become part of the research literature. Because the research literature is one of the primary sources of new research questions, this process can be thought of as a cycle. New research leads to new questions, which lead to new research, and so on. Figure 1.1 also indicates that research questions can originate outside of this cycle either with informal observations or with practical problems that need to be solved. But even in these cases, the researcher would start by checking the research literature to see if the question had already been answered and to refine it based on what previous research had already found.

      This paragraph can be written better. Some sections of it are run on sentences, and maybe needs some decluttering? For example, "who more often than not.." and changed into, who are a small group of researchers, most of the time.

    2. For this reason, the evidence provided by scientific research may be viewed as a threat to a persons system of beliefs about the world.

      "persons" should be changed to "person's"

    1. This led to the hypothesis that people high in hypochondriasis would recall negative health-related words more accurately than people low in hypochondriasis but recall non-health-related words about the same as people low in hypochondriasis.

      Run on sentence. Period or comma would help break it up and make it easier to understand, try "This led to the hypothesis that people high in hypochondriasis would recall negative health-related words more accurately than people low in hypochondriasis, but would recall non-health-related words about the same as people low in hypochondriasis.

    1. group group

      "group" repeated twice

    2. But, we all know that is an estimate that sometimes be off.

      You can either say "But, we all know that is an estimate that CAN sometimes be off" or you can say "But, we all know that is an estimate that IS sometimes off".

    3. As a general rule, studies are higher in external validity when the participants and the situation studied are similar to those that the researchers want to generalize to and participants encounter everyday, often described as mundane realism.

      Correction "everyday" should be changed to "every day". "Everyday" is only used when it's an adjective.

    4. But how? Some clues come from data gathered at the end of the study, which showed that students who expected their rats to learn quickly felt more positively about their animals and reported behaving toward them in a more friendly manner (e.g., handling them more).

      Correction "more friendly" could be better phrased as "friendlier"

    1. For example, you can download a plug-in for your web-browser that let’s your seamlessly move content that you find on the web into Zotero.

      "let's" should be switched to "lets".

    1. An university instructor measures the time it takes her students to finish an exam by looking through the stack of exams at the end.

      Correction "An university instructor" should be switched to "A University instructor".

  25. Aug 2017
    1. We applied these guidelines for the definition of RASH. We restricted HTML, which does not use the aforementioned patterns in a systematic way, allowing the creation of arbitrary and, sometimes, quite ambiguous structures by selecting a good subset of elements expressive enough to capture the typical components of a scholarly article while being also well-designed, easy to reuse and robust.

      --> HTML does not use the aforementioned patterns in a systematic way, as it allows the creation of arbitrary and, sometimes, quite ambiguous structures.

      To apply the structural pattern guidelines for RASH, we restricted HTML by selecting a good subset of elements expressive enough to capture the typical components of a scholarly article while being also well-designed, easy to reuse and robust.

  26. Jul 2017
    1. Unit 2. Por and Para Prepositions All Students of Spanish discover quickly that the prepositions por and para are a force with which to be reckoned. At first, we discover that the both mean "for"; however, under colser inspection, we find out that each has several other meanings; some are shared by both, and others are unique to each one.

      Important information about por/ para

  27. Jun 2017
  28. May 2017
  29. Apr 2017
  30. Mar 2017
    1. love

      Should it say "I love"?

    2. lots


    3. 3


    4. the

      delete the

    5. Travle


    6. Coffee, Tea, and Wate


    7. to Profits

      insert registered trademark symbol

    8. the

      delete 'the'

    9. Profits

      Insert registered trademark symbol

    10. the

      delete 'the'

    11. that

      delete 'that'

    12. But they don’t just share stories: They also share their specific, concrete strategies they used to build their businesses beyond even what they imagined

      Rephrase to say: But they don’t just share stories, they also share their specific, concrete strategies used to build their businesses beyond their imagination.

    13. get clear

      gain clarity

    14. sit quiet and learn


    15. 3


    16. fears, doubts, and overwhelm

      overwhelm doesn't fit. "You'll leave behind your fears and doubts and immerse"

    17. at the event


    18. we

      delete we

    19. come

      change come to go

    20. e events!!

      Missing end quote"

    21. me


    22. rothschild

      Is this a last name? If so, Capitalize.

    23. double


    24. excel,

      End new combined sentence here with period. Start new sentence "You'll"

    25. le.

      Also it isn't a complete sentence, combine sentence with comma

    26. Profits

      Need Registered Trademark symbol

    27. Profits

      Need Registered Trademark symbol

    28. Yotu

      Remove accidental 't' inserted!!

    29. results

      result, not results

    30. Insert comma after deep

    1. At The New Yorker, it is a copy editor’s duty to deploy the serial comma, along with lots of other lip-smacking bits of punctuation, as a bulwark against barbarianism.

      I'm an enthusiast!

  31. Feb 2017
  32. Jan 2017
  33. Nov 2016
    1. guarantee

      You can't guarantee this. "In order to provide visualization"

    2. editions of the SAVE-SD workshop

      two SAVE-SD workshops (it's not an edition)

    3. can find hard

      can find it hard

    4. in addition to

      other than

    5. in


    6. This is, actually, one of the crucial step to guarantee the use of RASH

      "We believe this is essential to help uptake of RASH usage"

    7. RASH, of any

      "RASH or any"

    8. developed will take care about deciding

      the Javascript decide what..

    9. scripts

      Javascript script -> Javascript

    10. Among other things above just using the RASH grammar only, this script adds relatively sophisticated checking of the datatype microsyntaxes of attribute values.

      Simplify setence: This script also checks datatype microsyntaxes.

    11. It is worth noticing that, excepting three properties from schema.org for defining author's metadata (see Section 2 of the RASH documentation for additional details), RASH does not constrain any particular vocabulary for introducing RDF statements

      Rephrase: It is worth noticing that RASH does not constrain any particular vocabulary for introducing RDF statements, except three properties from schema.org for defining author's metadata (see Section 2 of the RASH documentation for additional details),

    12. the

      "Both options"

    13. other two ways

      "two other ways"

    14. The first,

      Remove comma

    15. A different discourse can be done for the pattern popup, which is used for any structure that, while still not allowing text content inside itself, is nonetheless found in elements with a mixed content context [+t+s], and it is meant to represent complex substructures that interrupt but do not break the main flow of the text,

      I'm afraid I didn't understand these sentences well - could they be rephrased or shortened?

    16. acceptable/accepted

      "acceptable for"

    17. environment

      such an environment

    18. Formulas have been taken in particular consideration, since different ways are possible so as to implement them

      Rephrase to avoid "possible so as" and use active language. "We have taken particular considerations to formulas, since there are different ways to implement them"

    19. allows

      allows the (..)

    20. contain additional ones

      additional elements

    21. this is a quite odd situation

      rephrase to professional English

    22. a bunch of


    23. development robust

      development of robust

    24. , we developed

      "which we have developed over the past few years"

    25. imprecise on the full HTML.

      rephrase "on the HTML"

    26. as primary language

      as the primary format

    27. In services made available by the company would enable

      I don't understand this sentence - rephrase?

    28. i.e.,

      delete "i.e."

    29. i.e.

      delete "i.e". (which means "for example")

  34. Sep 2016
    1. According to the language periodical Språktidningen, ‘hen’ was by 2014 used once in the Swedish media for every 300 used of ‘hon’ or ‘han’, up from one in every 13,000 in 2011

      Increasing rate of usage of hen vs. hon or han: 1/13,000 in 2011; 1/300 in 2014.

    2. A Swedish headteacher has been reported to the country’s Equality Ombudsman for refusing to use ‘hen’, the new gender-neutral pronoun, in what could be a landmark case for transgender rights.

      Legal enforcement of gender pronoun preference

    1. The Swedish school system has wholeheartedly, and probably too quickly and eagerly, embraced this new agenda. Last fall, 200 teachers attended a major government-sponsored conference discussing how to avoid "traditional gender patterns" in schools. At Egalia, one model Stockholm preschool, everything from the decoration to the books and toys are carefully selected to promote a gender-equal perspective and to avoid traditional presentations of gender and parenting roles

      Swedish school system has enforced use of hen

    1. "ip," "nis," and "hiser"

      ip, nis, hiser non-binary gender pronouns

    2. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee LGBT Resource Centre card: declines non-binary gender pronouns

    3. "It maximises the student's ability to control their identity," says Keith Williams, the university's registrar, who helped to launch the updated student information system in 2009

      PGP allows students to control their identity

    4. For example, when new students attended orientation sessions at American University in Washington DC a few months ago, they were asked to introduce themselves with their name, hometown, and preferred gender pronoun (sometimes abbreviated to PGP).

      Example of introducing by Preferred Gender Pronoun

    1. “We introduce ourselves with the pronouns we use and explain why that’s done,” they said. “Literally from the day that students step on campus for the first time, we want them to know about nonbinary pronouns and that we are not going to assume their pronouns.”

      Explaining the pronouns you want to use in social interactions.

    2. “My name is Aubri and I use they/them pronouns, what pronouns do you use?” Drake said. “It should be part of social interaction.”

      How pronoun use should be negotiated in conversation,

    3. The use of they/them to identify a single person, rather than two or more people, has not been without controversy.Maryland state education official Andy Smarick made headlines earlier this month after sharing his thoughts via Twitter on Merriam-Webster Dictionary’s use of the singular “they” when referring to one of the dictionary’s staffers.“The singular they is an affront to grammar. Language rules are all that separates us from animals. We. Must. Stand. Firm,” Smarick wrote in a tweet that has since been deleted.The dictionary retorted in a tweet: “Then you’re talking to the wrong dictionary — we’re descriptivists. We follow language, language doesn’t follow us.”

      Smarick vs. Webster's prescriptivism debate

    4. Wald settled on ey/em — a pronoun set that comes from the ends of the words “they” and “them.”“Now when I introduce my pronouns, I usually say ‘ey/em, or anything else gender-neutral,’” ey said.

      ey and em as non-binary pronouns

    1. We still need deliberate effort to remove sexism – like the Washington Post’s recent move from she/he to they as their default pronoun.

      Washington Post decision to use they for neutral singular

    2. Jane Austen uses they in the singular 75 times in Pride and Prejudice (1813) and as Rosalind muses in 1848’s Vanity Fair: “A person can’t help their birth.”

      Jane Austen use of they; also Thackeray

    3. Around 1809, Samuel Taylor Coleridge rejected “he” as the generic pronoun (“in order to avoid particularising man or woman, or in order to express either sex indifferently”, he wrote in his notebooks), settling on “it” as an ideal, neutral solution

      Coleridge uses "it" for neutral singular

    4. heesh

      AA Milne's solution to neutral pronoun

    5. Shakespeare followed in 1594, in The Comedy of Errors: “There’s not a man I meet but doth salute me/As if I were their well-acquainted friend”

      Shakespeare uses they for singular in comedy of errors.

    6. At the start of 2016, the good folks of the American Dialect Society got together to crown their Word of the Year. They (see what I’m doing here) have decided that the word could now be used as a singular pronoun, flexing the English language so a plural could denote a singular, genderless, individual.

      They American Dialect Society Word of the Year 2016

    7. Geoffrey Chaucer in 1395, who wrote in The Pardoner’s Tale: “And whoso fyndeth hym out of swich blame, They wol come up…”

      Chaucer use of they for singular

  35. Aug 2016
    1. in


    2. whereupon


    3. Also these DNA damages as

      DNA damage like

    4. damages


    5. For some loci even the used tissues can differ in terms of strainand developmental stage between the qRT-PCRand bisulfite sequencing.

      German sentence structure: splitting the predicate (differ ... between). Not done in English. very awkward to read.

    6. from

      determined using

    7. Assuming the


    8. of

      for the

    9. directs

      based on direct

    10. , compromised

      resulted in

    11. different

      the different

    12. arose from


    13. potential


    14. Odds-Ratio

      the odds ratio

    15. Welch’s

      the Welch

    16. ligation

      the ligation

    17. from


    18. Direct

      The direct

    19. in a


    20. in a


    21. amount

      the amount

    22. Endogenous

      The endogenous

    23. of