23 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2019
    1. This plain page incorporates an overview of job aids by Allison Rossett, who is the foremost authority on the topic. Not all information is given away for free as she wants to sell her books, which are also promoted on the page. This page can be a good way of tracking her current work. Rating 3/5

    1. Mager's tips on instructional objectives This is a very simple page that consists of black and white text without any graphics. As is, the text on the page is rather small and difficult (for me, anyway) to read, so one may wish to enlarge it. The process of creating instructional objectives in this format is explained in a clear and straightforward way. Rating 5/5

  2. Apr 2018
    1. An ‘Early Frost’ (1985)

      An 'Early Frost' (1985), a movie about a homosexual attorney, named Michael Pierson, working through his relationship with his family after learning that he has AIDS.

    2. Salt-N-Pepa

      Salt-N-Pepe was a hip-hop group that worked extensively with the youth outreach program, Lifebeat, which works to spread awareness of HIV prevention. One of Salt-N-Pepa's riskiest decisions was releasing the first mainstream songs about HIV awareness and prevention, changing the lyrics of one of their song's "Let's Talk about Sex" to "Let's Talk about AIDS."

    3. Pop culture and HIV/AIDS

      1950s actor Rock Hudson was the definition of masculinity. After publicly coming out as homosexual and HIV-positive, he shocked much of his fanbase, also bringing attention to the disease. Hudson's publicist said that Hudson made the announcement to "help the rest of humanity by acknowledging that has has the disease.". Although his actions obviously didn't end HIV's fear and stigma it did help bring awareness to the disease and help focus more funding to HIV and AIDS research.

    4. Since the start of the epidemic, the media has played a role in shaping the public’s perception. By sharing stories, they help people understand HIV and AIDS through human eyes. Several celebrities also became spokespeople for HIV and AIDS. Their public support, along with portrayals in television and film, helped create more empathy. Learn what media moments helped audiences gain an empathetic and more understanding perspective.

      Since the early 1980s, with the beginning of the HIV epidemic, the media has played a very important role in shaping how we view HIV and AIDS. The news, television, and film all help to create empathy among the audience.

    1. In 2014, among all adults and adolescents living with HIV (diagnosed or undiagnosed),62% received some HIV medical care,48% were retained in continuous HIV care, and49% had achieved viral suppression (having a very low level of the virus).hA person living with HIV who takes HIV medicine as prescribed and gets and stays virally suppressed can stay healthy and has effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to HIV-negative partners.

      In 2014, among all adults and adolescents living with HIV (diagnosed or undiagnosed), 62% received some HIV medical care, 48% were retained in continuous HIV care, and 49% had achieved viral suppression (having a very low level of the virus).h A person living with HIV who takes HIV medicine as prescribed and gets and stays virally suppressed can stay healthy and has effectively no risk of sexually transmitting HIV to HIV-negative partners.

    2. Gay and bisexual men are the population most affected by HIV. In 2016d:

      Gay and bisexual men are affected by HIV more than any other demographic in 2016.

      Gay and bisexual men accounted for 67% (26,570) of all diagnoses and 83% of HIV diagnoses among males.

      Black/African Americane gay and bisexual men accounted for the largest number of HIV diagnoses (10,223), followed by Hispanic/Latino (7,425) and white (7,390) gay and bisexual men.

    3. According to the latest estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an estimated 37,600 people became newly infected with HIV in the United States in 2014. Encouragingly, the estimated number of annual HIV infections in the U.S. declined 18% between 2008-2014 (from 45,700 to 37,600). Reductions were seen in most risk groups and in all states where data were available. Even greater reductions were observed among people who inject drugs (56% reduction) and heterosexual men and women (36%). Gay and bisexual menb were the only group that did not experience an overall decline in annual HIV infections from 2008 to 2014. This is because reduced infections among whites (18%) and the youngest gay and bisexual men (18%) were offset by increases in other groups. Annual infections remained stable at about 26,000 per year among gay and bisexual men overall and about 10,000 infections per year among black gay and bisexual men — a hopeful sign after more than a decade of increases in these populations. However, concerning trends emerged among gay and bisexual males of certain ages and ethnicities, with annual infections increasing: 35% among 25- to 34-year-old gay and bisexual males (from 7,200 to 9,700) and 20% among Latino gay and bisexual males (from 6,100 to 7,300).

      Most reductions were observed "among people who inject drugs (56%)" and heterosexual men and women (36%). The group that showed little to no substantial change were homosexual and bisexual men. However the author cites this as because though white and black populations of homosexuals and bisexual men showed a decline, they were offset by other demographics such as bisexual and homosexual latino men.

    4. More than 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV today, but 1 in 7 of them don’t know it.An estimated 37,600 Americans became newly infected with HIV in 2014.From 2008 to 2014, the estimated number of annual HIV infections in the U.S. declined 18%.In 2016, 39,782 people were diagnosed with HIV in the U.S.Gay and bisexual men, particularly young African American gay and bisexual men, are most affected.Southern states bear the greatest burden of HIV, accounting for 50% of new infections in 2014.In the jurisdictions where they could be estimateda, annual infections in all states decreased or remained stable from 2008-2014.

      More than 1.1 million people in the U.S. are living with HIV today, but 1 in 7 of them don’t know it.

      An estimated 37,600 Americans became newly infected with HIV in 2014.

      From 2008 to 2014, the estimated number of annual HIV infections in the U.S. declined 18%.

      In 2016, 39,782 people were diagnosed with HIV in the U.S. Gay and bisexual men, particularly young African American gay and bisexual men, are most affected.

      Southern states bear the greatest burden of HIV, accounting for 50% of new infections in 2014.

      In the jurisdictions where they could be estimateda, annual infections in all states decreased or remained stable from 2008-2014.

    1. As it was noted, stigma and discrimination can appear as big barriers for HIV/AIDS-infected people, which hinder them from accessing health, medical and care services. The results of this research can inform patients, families and health givers of practical aspects of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination. They may assist them to reduce the outcomes and complication of their disease by planning and support.

      As it was noted, stigma and discrimination can appear as big barriers for HIV/AIDS-infected people, which hinder them from accessing health, medical and care services. The results of this research can inform patients, families and health givers of practical aspects of HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination. They may assist them to reduce the outcomes and complication of their disease by planning and support.

    2. "I referred to a dentist for my tooth pain. He refused to provide any services to me. In the presence of other patients, he tore out my record file and put it in the trash" (a 32-year-old woman).

      "I referred to a dentist for my tooth pain. He refused to provide any services to me. In the presence of other patients, he tore out my record file and put it in the trash" (a 32-year-old woman).

    3. Patients' experiences from stigma indicated that some physicians and health professionals labeled positive patients with HIV with stigma and discrimination. They pushed the patients away from themselves and deprived them from treatment services. "Some of the physicians treated us impolitely. As they knew about our infection, they refused to visit us. The lab professionals misbehaved us" (a 24-year-old woman).

      Patients' experiences from stigma indicated that some physicians and health professionals labeled positive patients with HIV with stigma and discrimination. They pushed the patients away from themselves and deprived them from treatment services. "Some of the physicians treated us impolitely. As they knew about our infection, they refused to visit us. The lab professionals misbehaved us" (a 24-year-old woman).

    4. The aim of the study was to explain the perceived experiences of patients from stigma and discrimination and their roles on health-seeking services among patients during 2013 - 2014 in Iran.

      This annotation is from a study in 2013-2014, designed to help explain the "perceived experiences of patients from stigma and discrimination and their roles on health-seeking services among patients"

    5. Health-related stigma is a social process which appears as isolation, rejection, blame or devaluation (11). It occurs when the person is treated unequally and unfairly (6). Stigma and discrimination are world events which seriously affect the lives of people with HIV. HIV prevention (15), access to treatment and care (16), disclosure (17), seeking support (18), social interaction (19), identity (18), and people living with HIV/AIDS-infected individuals and their human rights (16) are all influenced by the stigma and discrimination caused by HIV/AIDS. The negative consequences connected to HIV stigma may force the infected people to delay or refuse treatment or hide their disease from others. The fear from stigma causes denial, secrecy, depression and shame. The disclosure of HIV status faces the person with the feelings of shame and self-suspicion (19). Therefore, HIV-infected people who fear from the disclosure of their status because of stigma and discrimination are willing to hide their status. They think disclosing their status may not only create a complicated and stressful situation, but also causes the person to lose family support and health care provision (19, 20). Findings from a study conducted on HIV-positive people in South Africa indicated that 57% of the sample reported their status secretly, 73% had the feeling of guilt due to their positive status, and 43% had the feeling of shame (4). In a study in Botswana, 94% of patients with AIDS kept their status as a secret in the community, 69% hid the situation from the family, and 12% were not satisfied to disclose their situation at all (21). Secrecy and disease denial due to HIV/AIDS stigma may lead to the continuity of risky sexual behaviors (22). The results of some studies indicated that fear can influence the access to treatment and care services and it has been seen as a barrier to help seeking (23, 24). They state that their reluctance to AIDS services is a strategy for protection of the patient and the family from stigma and social isolation (23, 25).

      Stigma from society has greatly influenced the treatment of HIV and hindered patients from getting the care they need both because they are refused help from insurance or their family, or because they are afraid to seek the help themselves. For example, a recent study found out of 482 males in the study, 82% never preferred to do HIV tests because of the shame, fear and embarassment finding they had the virus.

    6. Stigma and discrimination associated with HIV/AIDS are viewed as one of the greatest challenges mentioned for HIV infection

      "Stigma and discrimination associated with HIV/AIDS are viewed as one of the greatest challenges mentioned for HIV infection."

    7. The first patients with AIDS in America were homosexual young men. It is believed worldly that HIV is mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse. AIDS also occurs mostly to people who participate in unusual sexual activities (4, 5). HIV infection is not socially acceptable in most countries and women living with HIV/AIDS are labeled as adultery (6, 7). These people are stigmatized and pushed out of the community. Stigmatization from the disease deeply degrades the person's personality from a whole to an ordinary and finally to a stigmatized human being (8). Therefore, this person loses social status and gets labels (9). Stigma is created within the society and attached to cultural, social, spatial and historical factors (10, 11). Although it is important to realize where and how stigma has formed in special cultural and political statuses, cultural differences and discrimination should be identified since socio-cultural beliefs, values and morals have structured in cultural backgrounds, which form stigma and discrimination (12).

      The first people with AIDS in America were homosexual men, "mainly transmitted through sexual intercourse." AIDS also occurs "mostly in people who participate in unusual sexual activities." HIV infection causes patients to be stigmatized and cast out of society which "deeply degrades the person's personality from a while to an ordinary and finally to a stigmatized human being." Although psychologist realize the importance of understanding how stigmas form, they should also seek to indentify the the cultural differences because this is what causes the stigma.

    8. AIDS is one of the greatest human challenges and risk factors for health with over 35.3 million people living with HIV/AIDS

  3. Jan 2018
    1. Whatquestionsaremostfruitfultoaskinone'sworkwithanobjectandhowmightonebestgoaboutaskingthem?

      Ts questions is important because not only is it insightful but it also connects to our Aids quilt project.

  4. Oct 2017
    1. China diversified its aid and investments in Cambodia and promised to provide USD 600 million in loans and grants.

      AIDS

  5. Feb 2017
    1. Conspiracy theorists have argued that the AIDS virus was deliberately created as part of a plot to kill black or gay people

      "Those who found morality on sentiment, more than on reason, are inclined to comprehend ethics under the former observation, and to maintain, that, in all questions, which regard conduct and manners, the difference among men is really greater than at first sight it appears." - Hume