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  1. Last 7 days
  2. Aug 2021
    1. Η ευθύνη για την αντιμετώπιση της πανδημίας δεν ανήκει πρωτίστως στους ανεμβολίαστους του πρώτου κόσμου, αλλά στις νεοφιλελεύθερες πολιτικές των κυβερνήσεών τους και στην υποταγή στα εταιρικά συμφέροντα.

      Οι ψεκες έχουν μικρή συμμετοχή στις μεταλλάξεις, λέει κ η Λαμπρινή Θωμά.

  3. Jul 2021
    1. Source: Structural image from Lorenzo Casalino, Univ. California, San Diego (Ref. 1); Graphic: Nik Spencer/Nature

      The best diagram of the covid19 spike protein.

  4. Jun 2021
    1. linking from preprints to their journal version 

      We developed a preprint-publication linker that is available on github. Details here:

      Cabanac, G., Oikonomidi, T., Boutron, I. (2021). Day-to-day discovery of preprint–publication links. Scientometrics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-021-03900-7

      We daily track 572 preprints of COVID19 randomized controlled trials for the COVID-NMA project. The results of the linking and validation of preprint-publication pairs by epidemiologists are available here:

      https://www.irit.fr/~Guillaume.Cabanac/covid19-preprint-tracker

    1. Two grants were in fact attributed in 2018 by the foundation to “Patras Science Park” for the “development of an Institute for Research and Innovation” on THR.2930

      Grants from tobacco lobies to UPatas.

    2. Farsalinos, a cardiologist affiliated to the universities of Patras and West Attica in Greece, is “one of the most prominent researchers in the field of electronic cigarettes,” his own blog states.
    1. Σιγά μην επενδύσουν στραγάλι για μια Μ.Ε.Θ. όσοι νοσούν σπιτάκι τους, ν' ακούσουν Megadeth

      Σωστη διάγνωση της αντιμετωπισης του covid19 σε Ελλαδα.

    2. Κάθε σπιτικό ο λαβύρινθος του Πάνα δέρνει η μάνα το παιδί και το παιδί τη μάνα Μεγάλοι και μικροί,

      Αυτο μας συνεβη στην καραντινα, το'βλεπα στα ματια φιλων.

  5. May 2021
    1. Σε περιπτώσεις εμφάνισης κινδύνου διάδοσης μεταδοτικού νοσήματος, που ενδέχεται να έχει σοβαρές επιπτώσεις στη δημόσια υγεία, μπορεί να επιβάλλεται, με απόφαση του Υπουργού Υγείας, μετά από γνώμη της ΕΕΔΥ, υποχρεωτικότητα του εμβολιασμού με σκοπό την αποτροπή της διάδοσης της νόσου.

      Υποχρεωτικός εμβολιασμός σε ΦΕΚ!!

    1. του Δρ. Εντ Ρούκσμπι, που έχασε τη ζωή του μετά από εννέα και πλέον μήνες μάχης με τις συνέπειες της Long Covid​.

      Η πολύ ενδιαφέρουσα νεκρολογία για τον σοσιαλιστή Ed Rooksby, που πέθανε κάπου μεταξύ. 13 Φεβ (τελευταίο τουιτ) και 24 Φεβ (η νεκρολογία).

    2. μελέτηCardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Findings in Competitive Athletes Recovering From COVID-19 Infection | JAMA Cardiology 26 αθλητών κολεγίων, οι οποίοι είχαν ασυμπτωματική ή ήπια λοίμωξη, είναι ότι το 15% των συμμετεχόντων διαγνώστηκε με συμπτώματα μυοκαρδίτιδας, ενώ αλλοιώσεις στον καρδιακό μυ καταγράφηκαν σε άνω του 30% των συμμετεχόντων.

      Προβλήματα στην καρδιά νεαρών ασυμπτωματικών αθλητών!

    3. Η μελέτη αποδεικνύει επίσης την παρουσία του κορονοϊού στο πέος για μεγάλο διάστημα μετά την αρχική μόλυνση.

      Επιχείρημα για όσους λένε "μια γριπούλα είναι".

    1. Σε ό,τι αφορά τις επιστήμες, το σημείο που ειλικρινά με έπληξε διανοητικά είναι το να ακούω -κυρίως από τους γιατρούς- να μιλούν για «την Επιστήμη», στον ενικό. Καθώς και το να βλέπω τους πολιτικούς να σπεύδουν να υιοθετούν αυτόν τον όρο, για παράδειγμα, να ισχυρίζονται, επειδή τους συμφέρει, «εμείς ακούμε την Επιστήμη».

      Η προσωποποίηση της επιστήμης κρύβει την θρησκευτική πίστη σε αυτή.

    1. Eventually the brothers act on their emotions. Seeing the “dreamer” approach on a shepherding trip, they ambush Joseph and throw him into a pit — the first of the great depths to which Joseph will sink. The brothers soon sell him to Midianites who in turn sell him to an Ishmaelite caravan headed down to Egypt, continuing Joseph’s descent. The brothers then tear up Joseph’s special coat, dip it in goat’s blood, and present it to Jacob as proof of his son’s death.

      Joseph’s brothers were filled with jealousy and hatred. Their father loved Joseph more than any of them, which is unfair. They teased Joseph as a dreamer; This happened after he said he saw a dream. The brothers decided to sell him to merchants from Midianite, and those merchants turn to sell him to Ishmaelite merchants. The brother told their father Joseph was dead. There was just too much jealousy in their heart that led them to sell their brother. CC BY-NC-ND

    1. In this story we see an adaptation of the Hindu Ramayana tale which details the rocky marriage between Rama and Sita. This story is focused on Sita and how heartbroken she is because of the way things are with her and Rama. That is the reason why she sings the blues. CC- BY-NC

    2. We see a lot of different narratives in this play. One of the narratives is Dave with his girlfriend and the cat. Another one is the shadow puppets who are talking about Sita and Rama and basically are arguing about who knows the story and who's story is the correct one. And lastly we see the narrative of the songs. All the different songs explain parts of the story and make the reader more interested. CC- BY-NC

    1. Current injectable vaccines induce a systemic immune response by generating circulating IgG antibodies that neutralize pathogens before they can cause severe tissue damage. But IgG is not very good at controlling viral entry into the body. To do that, the mucosal immune system is needed. It produces secretory IgA at the site of viral entry, and in larger quantities than any other type of immunoglobulin in the body.

      Why nasal vaccinew would be superior?

    1. The Astra-Zeneca shot uses a modified chimpanzee adenovirus as vector. These viruses use the CD46 receptor instead of the usual CAR receptor for infecting cells. “We found that human umbilical vein and brain microvascular endothelial cells (HUVECs and HBMECs) were CD46-positive”

      On AstraZeneca and brain damage.

    2. The Hsieh et al, Science, 2020 paper on HexaPro also notes that the HexaPro mod and the S-2P mod have the same ACE2 affinity (although they don’t make the comparison to wild-type). (Note that the conformational change upon binding is all about assisting viral entry into the cell, not binding the ACE2 receptor.)

      Stable spike protein ALSO binds to ACE2 receptors, after all. Stability

    3. Inadvertent injection into blood vessels has been raised in the comments here previously

      Injections accidentally hitting a vein are there cause for blood clots!??

    4. This might explain the seemingly higher frequence of this serious complication compared to the mRNA delivery methods which have other problems, in particular related to the ionizable cationic lipid packaging which have strong toxic effects.

      On brain tissue damages due to AstraZeneca.

    1. Pratt, then CEO of Pfizer, feared that manufacturers in developing countries would compete with companies like his for these new markets. Along with other business leaders, he encouraged U.S. officials in the 1970s and early 1980s to integrate the defense of intellectual property into U.S trade policy.

      IP rights is war with other means.

    2. poor countries have the capacity to ramp up production. At least 40 other potential manufacturers in 14 developing countries already form a network that makes around 3.5 billion doses per year of various types of vaccines.

      FA states that the excuse that poor countries cannot produce vaccines is a follie.

  6. Apr 2021
    1. όταν ακούμε τους πολιτικούς να λένε ότι για την αντιμετώπιση της επιδημίας «ακολουθούν πιστά τις οδηγίες της επιστήμης», δεν εννοούν παρά μόνο ότι «ακολουθούν τις οδηγίες κάποιων συγκεκριμένων ειδικών», οι οποίοι έχουν επιλεγεί να συμμετέχουν στις ειδικές κρατικές επιτροπές ειδικών όχι μόνο με επιστημονικά αλλά και με πολιτικά κριτήρια.

      Αυτές οι ρησεις των πολιτικων αρχηγών παιζονται στην λαϊκή αγνοια περί της επιστημης, των δυνατοτήτων (διαψευσιμότητα) και των αδυναμιών της (peer-review).

    1. not to abuse emergency powers to pass legislation unrelated to the COVID-19 health emergency objectives in order to surpass parliamentary oversight;

      The text discouraging legislation irrelevant to covid19 was adopted on 13 Nov 2020.

    1. Από την μία πλευρά υπάρχουν οι «αισιόδοξοι» - ή και πιο «πολιτικοποιημένοι» όπως τους αποκαλούν ορισμένοι συνάδελφοί τους – των οποίων ηγούνται οι Αναστασία Κοτανίδου, Γκίκας Μαγιορκίνης, Βάνα Παπαευαγγέλου και, συχνά , και ο Χαράλαμπος Γώγος.Στην άλλη πλευρά, των πιο προβληματισμένων που διαφώνησαν και χθες με το άνοιγμα των σχολείων βρίσκονται ο Νίκος Σύψας, ο Αλκης Βατόπουλος, ο Αθανάσιος Εξαδάκτυλος και, πλέον, και ο Σωτήρης Τσιόδρας.

      Χωρισμος των επιστημονων της Επιτροπής σε:

      Υπέρ Κυβερνησης:

      • Αναστασία Κοτανίδου
      • Γκίκας Μαγιορκίνης
      • Βάνα Παπαευαγγέλου
      • Χαράλαμπος Γώγος.

      Κατα Κυβερνησης:

      • Νίκος Σύψας
      • Αλκης Βατόπουλος
      • Αθανάσιος Εξαδάκτυλος
      • Σωτήρης Τσιόδρας
  7. Mar 2021
    1. the types of activities that were averted by BLM protests were potentially riskierfor disease spread than outdoor civil rights protests: restaurant and bar-going and retail shopping.
    2. Event-study analyses provide strong evidence that net stay-at-homebehavior increased following protest onset, consistent with the hypothesis that non-protesters shiftedtheir activity in response to the perceived heightened risk of contagion and protest-related violence.
    3. BLACK LIVES MATTER PROTESTS AND RISK AVOIDANCE:THE CASE OF CIVIL UNREST DURING A PANDEMIC
    1. Οι ιδιώτες ιατροί στις ειδικότητες αυτές στην Αθήνα είναι συνολικά 2.140: 1.331 παθολόγοι, 469 πνευμονολόγοι και 340 γενικοί ιατροί.Στον Πειραιά οι ιατροί των συναφών ειδικοτήτων είναι 370.

      Εμμεση απειλή προς τους υπόλοιπους ιατρούς πως έπεται και αυτών η επιστράτευση, αφού ειναι ήδη "καταμετρημένοι".

    2. Μέσα στην πανδημία προσλάβαμε ως επικουρικό προσωπικό περισσότερους από 10.000 υγειονομικούς εκ των οποίων οι 4.000 θα μονιμοποιηθούν μέσω ΑΣΕΠ. Τον τελευταίο ενάμιση χρόνο έχουν πραγματοποιηθεί επιπλέον πάνω από 1.200 προσλήψεις μονίμων ιατρών. 
    1. η προσωπική ασφάλεια και ευημερία δεν σχετίζεται με την ευημερία και την ασφάλεια του κοινωνικού συνόλου.
    1. particularly when lockdown conditions prevailed.

      Most infections during lockdown are attributed to pre-symptomatic contagion from superspreaders!

      Corrobotateled with the fat-tailness of the SSEs.

    1. όσο λιγότερα γνωρίζουμε για την απειλή που ελλοχεύει τόσο περισσότερο απειλητική τη θεωρούμε. Και η συστηματική καλλιέργεια του φόβου που γεννιέται από την άγνοια εξυπηρετεί κατά κανόνα σκοτεινές πολιτικές ή οικονομικές σκοπιμότητες.

      Ένα ακόμη πρόβλημα (αλλά και μια εξήγηση) για την πρακτική της Κυβέρνησης να μην δεν δημοσιεύει τα δεδομένα αλλά και τις συζητήσεις των επιστημόνων της επιτροπής: οι πολίτες φοβούνται περισσότερο αυτό που δεν ξέρουν - οι φοβισμένοι πολίτες ψηφίζουν Δεξιά.

    1. Λίστα με τα μέλη της επιτροπής:

      1. Βατόπουλος Αλκιβιάδης, Καθηγητής Μικροβιολογίας, Τμήμα Πολιτικών Δημόσιας Υγείας ΠΑΔΑ.

      2. Γαργαλιάνος Παναγιώτης, Παθολόγος-Λοιμωξιολόγος, Πρόεδρος Ελληνικής Εταιρείας Λοιμώξεων.

      3. Γιαμαρέλλου Ελένη, Ομότιμη Καθηγήτρια Παθολογίας ΕΚΠΑ, Πρόεδρος Ελληνικής Εταιρείας Χημειοθεραπείας.

      4. Γώγος Χαράλαμπος, Παθολόγος-Λοιμωξιολόγος, Καθηγητής Παθολογίας Ιατρικού Τμήματος Παν/μίου Πατρών.

      5. Δαϊκος Γεώργιος Ομότιμος Καθηγητής Παθολογίας Λοιμώξεων ΕΚΠΑ.

      6. Εξαδάκτυλος Αθανάσιος, Πρόεδρος Πανελληνίου Ιατρικού Συλλόγου.

      7. Ζαούτης Θεοκλής, Καθηγητής Παιδιατρικής & Επιδημιολογίας – University of Pennsylvania – School of Medicine.

      8. Καραϊσκου Αγγελική, Νοσηλεύτρια Επιτήρησης Λοιμώξεων Γ.Ν.Ε. «ΘΡΙΑΣΙΟ».

      9. Λάγιου Παγώνα, Παθολόγος, Καθηγήτρια Υγιεινής & Επιδημιολογίας Ιατρικής Σχολής ΕΚΠΑ, Πρόσεδρη Καθηγήτρια Επιδημιολογίας Παν/μίου Harvard, ΗΠΑ.

      10. Λαζανάς Μάριος, Παθολόγος-Λοιμωξιολόγος, Πρόεδρος Ελληνικής Εταιρείας Μελέτης & Αντιμετώπισης του AIDS.

      11. Λουρίδα Αθανασία, Παιδίατρος-Λοιμωξιολόγος, Δ/ντρια ΕΣΥ – Α΄ Παιδιατρική Κλινική Γ.Ν.Π. «Η ΑΓΙΑ ΣΟΦΙΑ».

      12. Μαγιορκίνης Γκίκας, Επίκουρος Καθηγητής, Τμήμα Υγιεινής & Επιδημιολογίας Ιατρικής Σχολής ΕΚΠΑ – Ομάδα Εργασίας με αντικείμενο την επισκόπηση των επιστημονικών δεδομένων και των εξελίξεων της επιδημίας του κορονοϊού 2019-nCoV.

      13. Μεντής Ανδρέας, Διευθυντής Μικροβιολογικού Εργαστηρίου Ε.Ι. PASTEUR.

      14. Παναγιωτόπουλος Παναγιώτης, Καθηγητής Δημόσιας Υγείας ΠΑΔΑ (πρώην ΕΣΔΥ.)

      15. Παπαευαγγέλου Βασιλική, Καθηγήτρια Γ΄ Παιδιατρικής, Γ.Ν.Θ. «ΑΤΤΙΚΟΝ».

      16. Παππά - Κονιδάρη Άννα, Καθηγήτρια ΑΠΘ, Διευθύντρια Α΄ Εργαστηρίου Μικροβιολογίας, Εθνικό Κέντρο Αναφοράς Αρμποϊών & Αιμορραγικών Πυρετών.

      17. Σαρόγλου Γεώργιος, Παθολόγος-Λοιμωξιολόγος, Ομότιμος Καθηγητής Παθολογίας Ανωτάτης Νοσηλευτικής ΕΚΠΑ, τέως Πρόεδρος ΚΕΕΛΠΝΟ.

      18. Σύψας Νικόλαος, Καθηγητής Παθολογικής Φυσιολογίας Λοιμώξεων ΕΚΠΑ.

      19. Τολούμης Γεώργιος, Υποπτέραρχος, Διευθυντής Υγειονομικού ΓΕΕΘΑ.

      20. Τσακρής Αθανάσιος, Καθηγητής Μικροβιολογίας, Διευθυντής Εργαστηρίου Μικροβιολογίας Ιατρικής Σχολής ΕΚΠΑ, Αντιπρύτανης ΕΚΠΑ.

      21. Τσιόδρας Σωτήριος, Καθηγητής Ιατρικής ΕΚΠΑ - ΓΝΑ ΑΤΤΙΚΟΝ, Παθολόγος-Λοιμωξιολόγος.

      22. Τσολιά Μαρία, Καθηγήτρια Παιδιατρικής Λοιμωξιολογίας ΕΚΠΑ.

      23. Χατζηγεωργίου Δημήτριος, Υποπτέραρχος, Λοιμωξιολόγος, Διευθυντής Υγειονομικού Πολεμικής Αεροπορίας.

      24. Χατζηχριστοδούλου Χρήστος, Καθηγητής Υγιεινής & Επιδημιολογίας, Τμήμα ιατρικής, Παν/μιο Θεσσαλίας.

      25. Κοτανίδου Αναστασία, Πρόεδρος Ελληνικής Εταιρείας Εντατικής Θεραπείας.

      26. Ζακυνθινός Σπυρίδων, Πρόεδρος Ελληνικής Πνευμονολογικής Εταιρείας.

      27. Σύψα Βασιλική - Αναστασία, Αναπληρώτρια Καθηγήτρια Επιδημιολογίας και Ιατρικής Στατιστικής στο Εργαστήριο Υγιεινής, Επιδημιολογίας και Ιατρικής Στατιστικής της Ιατρικής Σχολής Πανεπιστημίου Αθηνών.

      28. Παρασκευής Δημήτριος, Αναπληρωτής Καθηγητής Επιδημιολογίας –Προληπτικής Ιατρικής, Εργαστήριο Υγιεινής Επιδημιολογίας και Ιατρικής Στατιστικής, Ιατρική Σχολή, Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών.

      29. Γκίκας Αχιλλέας, Καθηγητής Εσωτερικής Παθολογίας Μολυσματικών Ασθενειών, Πρόεδρος Ενδονοσοκομειακών Λοιμώξεων, Πανεπιστήμιο Κρήτης.

      30. Θηραίος Ελευθέριος, Διευθυντής Κέντρου Υγείας Βάρης.

      31. Μαριόλης Ανάργυρος, Διευθυντής Κέντρου Υγείας Αρεόπολης.

    1. Ακόμα, σημειώνουν το παράδοξο της αύξησης του ΑΕΠ κατά 2,7% το δ΄τρίμηνο του 2020, όταν στο μεγαλύτερο διάστημά του υπήρχε lockdown, συγκριτικά με το γ' τρίμηνο του ίδιου έτους, που αφενός  δεν ίσχυαν περιοριστικά μέτρα και αφετέρου στη διάρκειά του καταγράφηκαν τα όποια έσοδα από τον τουρισμό. 

      Η απάτη της ΕΛΣΤΑΤ εγινε το Οκτ-Δεκ 2020, οταν ξεκινησε δηλαδή το 2ο και μακρύτερο lockdown, και πραγματικά βγαζει μάτι.

    1. Αττική - 3%Θεσσαλονίκη +10%Λάρισα +66%Βόλος +218%Ηράκλειο +199%Χανιά +154%Ρέθυμνο +337%Άγιος Νικόλαος +2%Πάτρα +15%

      Η άνοιξη μπαίνει με αύξηση σε ολες τις μεγαλες πολεις.

  8. Feb 2021
    1. Some kids will play and some adults will socialize no matter what the scolds say or public-health officials decree, and they’ll do it indoors, out of sight of the scolding.
    2. While visible but low-risk activities attract the scolds, other actual risks—in workplaces and crowded households, exacerbated by the lack of testing or paid sick leave—are not as easily accessible to photographers.
    3. Stefan Baral, an associate epidemiology professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, says that it’s almost as if we’ve “designed a public-health response most suitable for higher-income” groups and the “Twitter generation”—stay home; have your groceries delivered; focus on the behaviors you can photograph and shame online—rather than provide the support and conditions necessary for more people to keep themselves safe.
    4. but outdoor activities are still banned by some authorities today, a full year after this dreaded virus began to spread globally.
    5. CDC and the WHO were late to acknowledge the importance of some key infection mechanisms, such as aerosol transmission.
    1. the real mortality is 0.12 to 0.20 percent. (Recently, Ioannidis revised that figure to 0.27 percent. Other studies, accepted by the World Health Organization, put mortality at 0.68 percent.)
    2. Ioannidis failed estimations about 10k deaths in US & 0.25 real mortality.

    3. he had forecast that 10,000 people would die in the United States
      • Παγώνη: η επιδημιολογική επιτήρηση εχει λαθη αλλα δουλευει.
      • Φαρσαλινός, Λινού, Ιωαννιδης(1:20:42): δεν δουλευει.
      • Λινου: επαφή με 100 ανθρωπους για 100 τέταρτα ισοδυναμει με μια ανρθωπομέρας έκθεσης.
      • Ιωαννίδης 1:21:45: δεν έχουμε 1ο-βαθμια φροντιδα, μονο νοσοκομειακή.
      • Γεροτζαφιας 11:31:55 ο Μακρον εκανε πισω μετο Ν/Σ για τις καμερες εν μεσω πανδημιας (αν κ η Γαλλια εχει μηνες να δει μετα τις 6 περιορισμο κυκλοφοριας)
      • Λινού γελαει συνεχως, εγκρινοντας τους συνομιλητές τους που λενε πως "παμε σε λαθος κατευθυνση με τα lockdown".
      • 1:55:30 ξεκιναει ο Γεροτζιαφας να τα σπαει!
      • 3:34:31 Δ.Ποντικας: <30 ct: ok, > 5 ct: υπολοιματα, συγγενεις ιοούς & dna
      • 3:37:30: Φαρσαλινος παρεμβαινει και λεει πως δεν γινεται να ανιχνευσει συγγενη γονιδια. Αργοτερα στο 3:59:00, που εφυγε ο Ποντικας, το θετει πιο επιθετικα.
    1. Β. Κικίλιας: Η χώρα είναι θωρακισμένη απέναντι στον κορωνοϊό

      24 Feb 2020, Greek Min of Health:

      Our country is armoured against cocid19!

      10 months later (2 Dec), Greece was no2 in the West on daily deaths, to be surpassed only by Portugal.

    1. The gains from border closures were also short-lived when they weren’t combined with other measures such as testing, contact tracing and quarantining to prevent local transmission.

      Greece had no contact tracing :-(

    2. travel restrictions weren’t justified later in the pandemic except in highly connected countries, or in regions with low transmission that wanted to keep the virus out,

      In summer 2020 Greece was one of those countries with low transmissions, and should have kept it's borders shut, or demand tests and follow up with contact tracing.

    1. Important and early ideas how to limit in-house transmissions

  9. Dec 2020
    1. That was, at least, until the pandemic brought tourism to a standstill. “In a certain sense Covid has created an opportunity,” Fernando Medina, the mayor of Lisbon, told the Guardian. “The virus didn’t ask us for permission to come in, but we have the ability to use this time to think and to see how we can move in a direction to correct things and put them on the right track.”
  10. Oct 2020
  11. Sep 2020
  12. Jul 2020
    1. is really the teaching of each individual learner

      So true. And pushes on the ways we design to teach writing online and/or at a distance from each other too.

    1. 1. The first weeks of school should be devoted to community building and digital competency.

      This article gives a good insight into how we can use tech in the current circumstances we are in

  13. Jun 2020
  14. May 2020
    1. Go my hunter, take with thee a woman

      She is a woman, not a harlot. This shows that sex was considered to be less taboo for this translation, and she is treated like a woman and not an object, as well as not being treated like a prostitute, as that is the definition of Harlot.

      Dimas Villanueva CC BY-NC-ND

    2. these dreams are recounted to Enkidu by a woman with whom Enkidu cohabits for six days and seven nights and who weans Enkidu from association with animals.

      In this version of The EOG, It shows that Langdon, the man who discovered these cuneiform tablets, believes that "These dreams are recounted to Enkidu by a woman who with whom Enkidu cohabits for six days and seven nights" In the N.K Sanders translation of EOG, it seems that this would be where the "Harlot" comes in. However, This is different. The woman is described to be almost like a priestess, someone who interprets dreams and just so happens to have sex with Enkidu. This was not a weird or taboo subject, (Probably because of the fact that this is the Babylonian version and more older.) and she is not treated like a Harlot. She is treated with respect, as a priestess. She is simply helping Enkidu become a better hero and helping him get into society, and this is acknowledged instead of being treated badly.

      Dimas Villanueva CC BY-NC-ND

  15. drive.google.com drive.google.com
    1. His lust leaves no virgin to her lover

      This shows a double standards in regards to gender and sex. A woman who has a lot of sex is referred to as a "Harlot". Meanwhile, Gilgamesh has sex with every virgin on their first night of marriage, and while people don't like it, they don't do anything about it, and they don't say anything about it as well. They don't give him a name either. This shows the female gender has a taboo towards sexual activity and men's sexual activities are more accepted. This is most likely because man is seen as dominant and brutal but women are seen as civil and fragile and the best example of class.

      Dimas Villanueva CC BY-NC-ND

    2. return with her, and let her woman's power overpower this man. When next he comes down to drink at the wells she will be there, stripped naked; and when he sees her beckoning he will embrace her

      The manner in which the "Harlot" controls Enkidu, is through sex. This shows that the woman has the power to control man and make him civil. Woman is seen as the most civil thing at the time, and sex with a woman gets rid of any ancient animal like tendencies and makes a man civil. Which is what happened here with Enkidu and the Harlot. Yet, no one calls the harlot a hero for making Enkidu civil.

      Dimas Villanueva CC BY-NC-ND

    3. and then the wild beasts will reject him.'

      This statement shows the power that gender has. Enkidu is a wild man who's ideals are going against the mainstream ideals of society, he is seen as the other, the person on the outside, and the only thing that can calm him down and make him civil is woman. This means that at the time, in society, women were seen as the epitome of civility and etiquette, to the point where if someone who doesn't have the same ideals as society gains a women they will become civilized. And the ancient, uncivilized origins of man shall be forgotten.

      Dimas Villanueva CC BY-NC-ND

    4. Ask him to give you a harlot, a wanton from the temple of love;

      The language used here is "Harlot". This is the language that was describes the woman, because this is meant to be a translation of the Sumerian version, where sex was seen as a more taboo thing. It also could have been that when this translation was made, the idea of sex was a lot more taboo, and a woman who was known to have a lot of sex was considered to be a harlot. This shows that the female gender and sex were negatively associated and it was a taboo subject.

      Dimas Villanueva CC BY-NC-ND

    5. Father, there is a man, unlike any other, who comes down from the hills. He is the strongest in the world, he is like an immortal from heaven. He ranges over the hills with wild beasts and eats grass; the ranges through your land andcomes down to the wells. I am afraid and dare not go near him. He fills in the pits which I dig and tears up-my traps set for the game; he helps the beasts to escape and now they slip through my fingers.'His father opened his mouth and said to the trapper, ‘My son, in Uruk lives Gilgamesh; no one has ever pre-vailed against him, he is strong as a star from heaven. Go to Uruk, find Gilgamesh, extol the strength of this wild man. Ask him to give you a harlot, a wanton from the temple of love; return with her, and let her woman's power overpower this man. When next he comes down to drink at the wells she will be there, stripped naked; and when he sees her beckoning he will embrace her, and then the wild beasts will reject him.

      If we look at this altogether, we can begin to see an interesting form of "self" of the identity of this people. They see themselves as civilized. They see Enkidu as "other". They see this wild man and think he should be tamed by a "harlot" who will strip naked and lay with Enkidu so that he may too be civilized. It's interesting as well the language used her to describe this woman. This implies that without women, men would still be uncivilized, that they would be wild and roam the lands as wild beasts do. However, the author still translates to harlot. So, it is not merely the act of a woman, but the physical act that somehow tames the wildness within men, yet she does not gain any respect for keeping men civil.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    1. Before dying, Joseph makes his children promise that when the Israelites eventually leave Egypt, they will take his remains with them. In the story of the Exodus (13:19), Moses does just that, carrying Joseph’s bones on the way to Israel

      We can see from this section that Joseph still remains close to his roots and his religion, to his nation, as it were, even in death. He wishes to be carried to Israel, the promised land, so that he may be buried with his people. This is why Joseph is still regarded so highly, despite some of his childish nature. He embodies that of the perfect man of faith, never faltering in the skills that God gave him in interpreting dreams, and maintaining his connection to God.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    2. still Joseph is largely regarded as an admirable figure for maintaining his Israelite identity in spite of his 20-year separation from his family. Tradition notably refers to Joseph as a tzadik (righteous person), and several commentators point to Joseph’s naming of his sons in Hebrew as a premiere example of his dedication.

      In this section of the text, while not directly from the story of Joseph, it does show to us that most people see Joseph as being in the right because he sticks with his Jewish heritage, that he follows the faith of his people, despite how his brothers sold him o slavery and that he grew up mostly in Egypt where it was not the predominant religion of that area.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    1. Judgment belongs to none but God. He has commanded that you worship none but Him. This is the right religion, but most people do not know.

      This further shows that those that follow God under this religion are not following what is "right" that all other religions are false and wrong. You either believe in this God, or you believe wrongly and therefore are seen as being "other" of being incorrect.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    2. “My Lord, prison is more desirable to me than what they call me to. Unless You turn their scheming away from me, I may yield to them, and become one of the ignorant.

      In this text we can see what it means to be of this faith. We can see that the beauty of Joseph draws evil and brings a lady to want him. If he were to listen to these desires than he would be "ignorant" which shows that promiscuity, or coveting someone else's wife, is seen as "less than" in the identity of this culture.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    1. Then it came about that the love of Kay-Kavous for Soudabeh grew yet mightier, and he was as wax under her hands. And when she saw that her empire over him was strengthened, she filled his ear with plaints of Siawosh, and she darkened the mind of the King till that his spirit was troubled, and he knew not where he should Turn for truth

      Here we have a different spin on the idea of "us" vs "them". Instead of the idea of nations being different because they are a different people, we have Soudabeh convincing Kay-Kavous that Siawosh is unworthy and that he tricked them with magic. All to get revenge because Siawosh would not sleep with her. It's certainly a different view of "them" vs "us" that we've seen in other works.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    2. And Siawosh increased in might and beauty, and you would have said that the world held not his like.                 Now when Siawosh was become strong (so that he could ensnare a lion),

      The wording here and in the Helen Zimmern translation, are nearly identical. This shows just how important to the tellers of this story, that Siawosh be strong and beautiful. Without this element, Siawosh would not be chosen by fate nor the king to be raised well.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    1. Then it came about that the love of Kai Kawous for Sudaveh grew yet mightier, and he was as wax under her hands. And when she saw that her empire over him was strengthened, she filled his ear with plaints of Saiawosh, and she darkened the mind of the Shah till that his spirit was troubled, and he knew not where he should turn for truth.

      In looking at this moment, the "them" vs "us" is even used with ones own blood. Sudaveh manipulates Kai Kawous in order to get back on Saiawosh for denying her. This reminds me a bit of Lord of the Rings, where the king of Gondor is made ill and is under Sauromon's control and doesn't care that his son was killed. In this sense, Saiawosh is being made into a "them" despite truly being an "us" as he is from his father.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    2. And Kai Kawous suffered it, and Rostam bare the child unto his kingdom, and trained him in the arts of war and of the banquet. And Saiawosh increased in might and beauty, and you would have said that the world held not his like. Now when Saiawosh was become strong (so that he could ensnare a lion)

      We see here that the identity of this nation is in military strength and physical beauty. He is given up to be raised by a king because he is so beautiful and strong. This sense of identity is familiar in other moments in literature, where you only belong in the predominant race if you are strong and handsome.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    1. Six days and seven nights 7came forth Enkidu 8and cohabited with the courtesan.

      In this translation of the story, we can see that the word used here is hierodule and almost immediately after, courtesan. Hierodule is another word for priestess, and courtesan implies a sexual nature. So here we can see this used to both show that she should have some status and yet is also shown to have little regard. However, she is still shown to be used to make Enkidu civilized, and thus he is no longer "other" to the people of Uruk, but one of them as he becomes Gilgamesh's companion.

      Zach Long CC CC BY-NC-ND

    1. Xerxes who wrecked the fleet, and flung our hopes away!

      This is the closest part I could find to that of Cookson /The_Persians)when he first looked at Xerxes. In that version, he translates Xerxes as a warmongering unwise king. Here, we see something similar, though again a bit more subtly displayed. Morshead does blame Xerxes here, but he doesn't outright call him a fool or say he only seeks war, which depletes the manly youth of Persia.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    2. Thou, Athens, art our murderess

      This section shows the first taste of how the Persians view the Athenians. They see them as nothing more than murderers, as common thugs who slew husbands and fathers. Despite the fact that the Persians were the attackers and the Athenians were the defenders of this war. Again, in the language comparison between this version and the version translated by Cookson/The_Persians), we can see that both shows Athens as an evildoer, however, in this case Morshead is actually more brutal about it than Cookson is. Here Athens is portrayed as simply murderous, whereas in Cookson's version it only states them as being hateful. I would say that murder is worse than hatred, though I suppose the latter could lead to the former.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    3. To no man do they bow as slaves, nor own a master’s hand.

      Here, we can see that the Athenians are shown as bowing to no one man, they have no king, nor are they subject to any other nation. The idea of a democracy, as the Athenians are known to have some form of in this time, is foreign to the Persians. This is also interesting because the use of the word slave. With Persians being the first known Empire in the world, they cast aside slavery and let all people be free. While Athens was not the worst in terms of slavery, as say the Spartans, they were still slavers in totality. They did have slaves. So using the word "slave" here is an interesting use of the word. We can see this same thing come through in looking at the Cookson/The_Persians) version as well.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    4. yonder comes the mother-queen, Light of our eyes, in godlike sheen, The royal mother of the king!—

      Again, in looking at the Cookson/The_Persians) version here, we can see that he has a grander flair in his talking of the queen. He references her as the wife of a god. Here, in Morshead's version, we see that she is still highly regarded by the author, and she even has some relationship to a god with her "godlike sheen". However, again with the word choices here, we can see that Morshead appears to be a bit more modest in how he chooses to portray the Persians versus the way Cookson talks about them.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    5. To meet with the men of the West, the spear-armed force of the foe! Can any make head and resist him, when he comes with the roll of a wave? No barrier nor phalanx of might, no chief, be he ever so brave! For stern is the onset of Persia, and gallant her children in fight.

      If we look at this section in comparisson to the version translated by G. M. Cookson/The_Persians), we can see that the translators went in slightly different ways. In Cookson's version it shows the bravado of the Persians. It showcases how mighty they are. With Morshead, he translated it in a more modest light. He does say that no barrier nor phalanx, a reference to the style in which the Hellenistic people fought, can be so brave. Essentially they say the same thing, that Persia cannot be defeated by such a style of fighting, but Cookson seems to have the Persians boasting be more outright and less hidden in the meaning of the words.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    1. ​Xerxes the King (Oh King unwise!)

      We see the Persians as a whole, along with Darius and the Queen, spoken of in such high regards that this switch to showing Xerxes as an unwise king is a change of pace. It places him as "other" it shows that they had to fight him as he is a terrible king. It is a negative way of looking at him, though Aeschylus clearly had some respect for his father and mother and of the people as a while, he dis not show the same respect for Xerxes throughout this play, giving both the Athenians and the Persians a "common enemy" as it were within the context of this play. For the Athenians, he is a bafoonish ruler whom was handily defeated at Salamis. For the Persians, he wasted time and the lives of their men on his on interests of getting revenge for their loss at Marathon, and losing almost all of the men of Persia, casting away an entire generation of strong men.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    2. Athens! for ever hateful to thy foes!

      While Aeschylus is Athenian, this play is from the Persian perspective,and while he does not wish to besmirch the name of Athens, he has to see from the Persian's eyes what it may look like to see their mighty army defeated. In this instance, he is saying that Athens really knows how to hold a grudge. That, if you come for its people, you will falter, and you will fail as they harness no compassion for its enemies.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    3. They say 'slave' sorts not with 'Athenian.'

      It;s curious the use of language here. While this is saying that the Athenians are slave to none, that they do not have one ruler above them as they are a democratic power, the use of "slave" not sorting with Athenian is an interesting choice of words because they do house slaves. So while what the author is saying is true, the use of the word slave here is an interesting choice as the word slave does correlate to Athens, but not in the same way. It's almost to indicate, as the original author was Athenian, that they are superior to Persia because they bow to no one man, no king rules Athens. They are not subjugated to another people, like most of Persia's territory, which are satraps and subjugates of Persia, and not all technically Persians.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    4. Queen-Dowager of Persian dames deep-veiled, Mother of Xerxes and Darius' wife, Spouse of a god, and not less justly hailed

      When speaking of the Queen of Persia, the author speaks of her as the "spouse of a god". The use of language here is to show that Persians, especially the rulers of Persia, are powerful enough to be, and be with, the gods. They think themselves as gods, and therefore, how could they not come out of this war victorious.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    5. No! Persia's matchless millions⁠No human power can quell, Such native valour arms her sons,⁠Such might incomparable!

      This section here shows how highly the Persians think of themselves. It equates them to being incomparable, as having no equal in military might. This is quite interesting considering they have been defeated by the same foe only a few years prior at the battle of Marathon, thus the Persians clearly have equals, or perhaps even superiors in these terms. They do have more numbers than they had on their previous march to fight the Athenians, Spartans, etc. than when they lost at Marathon. It's similar in irony to the Titanic being an "unsinkable" ship, only to sink on its maiden voyage. Here the Persians are saying the same thing, that they are incomparable in strength, and yet we find out later that they are in fact not incomparable.

      Zach Long CC BY-NC-ND

    1. for at least seven

      CDC recomienda cuarentena de 7d para infectados. Estan locos! y vuelta a trabajo si han sido asintomaticos por 72h (esto ultimo podria ser, salvo que los sintomas de fatiga, dolores y desorden neurologico no desaparecen hasta uno 30d-90d post infeccion.

  16. Apr 2020
    1. The appeal of the first of these options is that it has a clear rationale and an end-point when the virus has passed and life can return to normal.

      But what is "normal"?

    1. COVID-19 Reklamlarınızın Fişini Çekmesin Ülkemiz ve dünyamız koronavirüsün yayılmasıyla karşı karşıya kaldıkça, sizinki gibi işletmeler umutsuzca gemilerini daha sonra nereye yönlendireceklerini bulmaya çalışıyorlar. Yükünüzü azaltmak için bir şeylerden vazgeçmeyi düşünüyorsanız, reklamlarınız bunlardan biri olmamalı. Koronavirüs sırasında pazarlama her endüstri için uygun olmasa da dijital pazarlama , COVID-19 sırasında hayatta kalan işinizin kritik bir parçası olabilir.
    1. COVID-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Google Güncellemeleri Koronavirüs gündemi sürerken Google da bu süreçte bazı güncellemeler ve iyileştirmeler yapıyor. Bu güncellemeler arasında Google arama ve Google Haritalarda hangi restoranların teslimat ve paket servis sunduğu, duyurular yapmanın yeni yolları, Google Haberler'de COVID-19 gündemi, Topluluk Hareketliliği Raporlarının oluşturulması ve reklam içerik politikasındaki değişiklikler gibi veriler var.
    1. COVID-19'un Dijital Pazarlamaya Etkisine Nasıl Yanıt Verilir? Covid-19 salgınının ortaya çıkmasıyla beraber işletmelerin dijital ortamda var olmaları her zamankinden daha önemli bir hale geldi ve dijital stratejilerinin gözden geçirilmesi gereksinimi bugünlerde daha da arttı. Covid-19'un dijital pazarlamaya etkisi neler? Siz ve işletmeniz bu ortamda nasıl bir strateji izlemelisiniz? Gelin birlikte cevaplayalım.
    1. Относно имунологичен тест за SARS CoV2 Чрез тази система регистрирани лаборатории в България могат да въвеждат данните от резултатите от бързите тестовете за антитела, които правят. Освен броят тестове, те въвеждат и резултатите за Имуноглобулин G (IgG / ИгГ) и за Имуноглобулин М (IgM). В системата ще могат да се въвеждат и тестове за антиген (PCR тестове). Благодарение на въведените данни ще може да се локализира разпространението на вируса по градове и региони, както и конкретни лаборатории със завишен брой положителни тестове.

      The photo shows a "One Step Rapid Test" pack and two cartridges with test results.

    1. Резултати от тестове за Антитела: Общо тествани хора с тест за антитела: 1751 Хора с положителни проби за антитела IgМ и IgG: 8 Хора с положителни проби за антитела IgМ: 35 Хора с положителни проби за антитела IgG: 49

      From 2020-04-06 to 2020-04-16.

    2. Резултати от PCR тестове: Общо тествани хора с PCR тест: 77 Хора с положителни проби: 3 Хора с отрицателни проби: 74

      Until 2020-04-16.

    1. Имаме 20 000 PCR теста, очакваме още доставки и дарения. Това е пътят, по който ще вървим - масово тестване, обяви Ананиев. И то вече се извършва, уточнява премиерът Борисов.

      Promise to do "mass testing" with only 20000 PCR tests available (2020-04-15).

    2. В Ивайловград, където вземането на проби започна във вторник, всичките 35 резултата са отрицателни, но и в нито един жител не са открити антитела. До вчера в Банско 28 от общо 334 изследвани дадоха положителни проби, трима са с активна инфекция. По-рано при 186 теста 8 бяха с антитела. В Дългопол на първия ден от пробите съотношението бе 90:1. Това означава, че все още е рано за постигане на колективен имунитет.

      Some testing results. Blood samples, testing for antibodies.

    1. Soweit ich das nach den verfügbaren Berichten angeben kann, gab es den ganzen Januar hindurch und in einigen Fällen bis in den Februar hinein fortwährend direkte Linienflüge von Wuhan nach London, Paris, Rom, New York und San Francisco. Nun, da Covid-19 sich weltweit ausbreitet, haben Sie keine Zeit verloren und den internationalen Verkehr nach China eingeschränkt; Ihr Ansatz war auffallend anders, als Sie die Krankheit zu uns exportiert haben.