46 Matching Annotations
  1. Sep 2023
    1. General notions of this approach can be found in some dual aspect monisms such as Max Velmans’ reflexive monism. According to Velmans (2009, p. 298), “[i]ndividual conscious representations are perspectival.”
  2. Aug 2023
    1. Lamprecht's ambitious Deutsche Geschichte (13 vols., 1891-1908) on the whole trajectory of German history sparked a famous Methodenstreit (methodological dispute) within Germany's academic history establishment, especially Max Weber, who habitually referred to Lamprecht as a mere dilettante. Lamprecht came under criticism from scholars of legal and constitutional history like Friedrich Meinecke and Georg von Below for his lack of methodological rigor and inattention to important political trends and ideologies. As a result, Lamprecht and his students were marginalized by German academia, and interdisciplinary social history remained something of a taboo among German historians for much of the twentieth century.
  3. Apr 2023
  4. Mar 2023
  5. Dec 2022
    1. Verstehen (German pronunciation: [fɛɐˈʃteːən], lit. transl. "to understand"), in the context of German philosophy and social sciences in general, has been used since the late 19th century – in English as in German – with the particular sense of the "interpretive or participatory" examination of social phenomena.[1] The term is closely associated with the work of the German sociologist Max Weber, whose antipositivism established an alternative to prior sociological positivism and economic determinism, rooted in the analysis of social action.[2] In anthropology, Verstehen has come to mean a systematic interpretive process in which an outside observer of a culture attempts to relate to it and understand others.
  6. Oct 2022
    1. Max Raisin (1881–1957),reflected that lessons often devolved into ‘reading several events with dates out of alittle notebook’ (Raisin, 1952: 147; Hertzman, 1985: 83-8).

      Max Raisin indicated that Gotthard Deutsch read several events with dates out of a little notebook during lectures. Was this really a notebook or possibly a small stack/deck of index cards? The could certainly be easily mistaken....

      Check these references

  7. Apr 2022
    1. How many bot can I have at the same time? Both platforms limit the maximum number of active trading bot that users can have in their accounts. KuCoin allows users to have up to 10 trading bots. If you have 10 active bots already, then you’ll need to shut down one of them before starting another new bot. Pionex allows you to have up to 30 bots on each trading pairs, that means you won’t be able to create new bots with BTC/USDT if you have 30 active bots with it, but you can still create a new bot with other trading pairs. KuCoinPionexDiff. types of bot313Trading fee0.08% for classic grid0.06% for futures grid0.05%Max. bot allowed10 for each accounts30 for each trading pairs As KuCoin and Pionex both provide grid trading bot and DCA Bot, we’re going to compare the difference between these two bots on each platform.
  8. Mar 2022
    1. Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (born 12 January 1946) is an historian of science who comes from Liechtenstein. He was director of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin from 1997 to 2014. His focus areas within the history of science are the history and epistemology of the experiment, and further the history of molecular biology and protein biosynthesis.
  9. Jan 2022
    1. it's a tricky thing with Max you can spend weeks and refining a patch and afterwards you're the idea is so much gone for yourself that now you have the perfect tool but 00:02:41 you're not interested in using it anymore

      it's a tricky thing with Max you can spend weeks and refining a patch and afterwards you're the idea is so much gone for yourself that now you have the perfect tool but you're not interested in using it anymore


  10. Dec 2021
    1. we found this extraordinary paper from 1951 I think by Goldschmidt Walter Goldschmidt which nobody's read it has 00:29:14 got a very strange title something like a contribution to ethical and philosophical sociology or something which tells you very little about its content but it's about these Californian foragers who live next door to the 00:29:27 highly aristocratic slave keeping fishermen of the northwest coast and what Goldschmidt who was a student of Alfred Kroeber I believe the great sort of Dayan of 00:29:40 California anthropology what he argues there point four point is that these Californian hunter-gatherers actually had a kind of work ethic which is remarkably similar to what Max Weber 00:29:54 classically described as the Protestant work ethic of central and northern Europe

      Walter Goldschmidt had a 1951 paper about coastal Californian foragers next to aristocratic slave keeping fishermen. These hunter-gatherers apparently had a work ethic similar to that of Max Weber's Protestant work ethic.

      Did these fishermen have totem poles (aka decorated wood

      Goldschmidt was a student of Alfred Kroeber. Would he have known or worked with Milman Parry?

      Kroeber received his PhD under Franz Boas at Columbia University in 1901, the first doctorate in anthropology awarded by Columbia.

  11. Sep 2021
    1. Por otro lado, de Inmanuel Kant parte Weber para construir su teoría de los tipos ideales, “categorías-tipo” o “conceptos-tipo”

      “Max Weber,100 años después” escrito por @damianpachon1 publicado en la revista @RevistaSemana, un artículo en donde se enmarca la transcendencia de la obra de Max Weber. Aunado a lo anterior me surge como interrogante ¿Cuáles son los tipos ideales mencionados en el texto con referencia a Inmanuel Kant? Me ha parecido muy interesante el artículo por lo que le pido me comparta cuáles son sus fuentes de consulta al realizar sus trabajos de investigación.

    2. Max Weber, 100 años después

      El artículo “Max Weber, 100 años después” es un texto introductorio sobre la vida, teoría y obras de Max Weber, a grandes rasgos. Me resultó útil, ya que explica de manera resumida el contexto histórico en que se encontraba este clásico.

      Me gustaría preguntarle al autor ¿Por qué decidió escribir sobre Max Weber? y ¿A qué público esperaba llegar con este artículo?

  12. Jun 2021
    1. Though he doesnot discuss mnemonics, Thomas Sloane similarly argues that classical invention—a process thattakes not only logic but also“sense, imagination, and emotions”into consideration—is irreparablyneutered by Ramism (137).

      This makes me wonder what the relation of this mode of "limited" thinking (represented by Ramism) has with Max Weber's ideas of Protestant work ethic? If we're not being creative like we may have been in the past, does it help us to focus on the mundane drudgery of our work at hand?

    1. d[V3(K−Λ3−3|E|2)]= 0.
    2. One can check that (56) is the flow ofΣin(M\∂M,V−2g)by equidistantsurface

      Transformar isso em observação sobre o significado físico do fluxo?

      Note que esse fluxo implica numa escolha particular para o campo variacional. Seria interessante justificar essa escolha.

    3. eachΦt(Σ0) := Σt,t∈[0,δ), is a compact almost properly embedded surface

      Em outras palavras, a prpriedade de quase propriamente mergulhada é preservada ao longo do fluxo.

  13. Apr 2021
  14. Feb 2021
    1. Ed Regis also reported that, as a student at Oxford, More “kept a heart-lung resuscitator in hisdorm room, just in case.”513More has also noted that his undergraduate dorm room was a source of fascination to many of his peers as it housed “several shelves of bottles and pills, and people would come to my room and goggle-eye at them.”

      This seems a bit neurotic, but perhaps I'm missing something.

    2. Extropymag was one of the two main mediums in which extropian ideas were circulated—the other was, of course, the Internet. The first issue of Extropyin 1988 had a print run of 50 and interest was scant. Speaking about the first editions, More recalls, “we basically forced them on people.”444By 1992,the editors were churning out 750 copies,445and in the subsequent Winter/Spring edition of 1993, the output more than trebled to 2,500.446In 1992 a separate newsletter, Exponent, was launched and circulated bi-monthly, and in 1993 Extropywas printed in colour for the first time. By 1995, the print run per issue was 4,500.447Althoughthese are ultimately small print numbers, every increase was seen by Extropy’s founding editors as an important milestone in the pursuit of what More referred to as the “inexorable advance”448of extropianism.

      These are interesting numbers to contemplate in terms of how few people have actually heard these ideas and arguments before in a serious way.

  15. Oct 2020
    1. A second strand in the development of the American prosperity gospel was the valorization of the “Protestant work ethic.” Written in 1905, Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism traced what he saw as the specifically Protestant approach to labor as integral to the development of capitalism and industrialization. In Weber’s historical analysis, Protestant Calvinists — who generally believe in the idea of “predestination,” or that God has chosen some people to be saved and others damned — felt the need to justify their own sense of themselves as the saved. They looked both for outward signs of God’s favor (i.e., through material success) and for ways to express inward virtue (i.e., through hard work). While the accuracy of Weber’s analysis is still debated by scholars, it nevertheless tells us a lot about cultural attitudes at the time Weber wrote it.
    1. If Henrich’s history of Christianity and the West feels rushed and at times derivative—he acknowledges his debt to Max Weber—that’s because he’s in a hurry to explain Western psychology.

      This adds more to my prior comment with the addition to Max Weber here. Cross reference some of my reading this past week on his influence on the prosperity gospel.

  16. Sep 2020
    1. These three strands collided throughout the twentieth century, as the prosperity gospel came into being. It started — like the “work ethic” Max Weber described — as a way to justify why, during the Gilded Age, some people were rich and others poor. (One early prosperity gospel proponent, Baptist preacher Russell H. Conwell, told his mostly-destitute congregation in 1915: “I say you ought to be rich; you have no right to be poor.”) Instead of blaming structural inequality, Conwell and those like him blamed the perceived failures of the individual.

      This philosophy also overlaps some of the resurgence of white nationalism and structural racism in the early 1900's which also tended to disadvantage people of color. ie, we can blame the coloreds because it's not structural inequality, but the failure of the individual (and the race.)

  17. Feb 2020
  18. Dec 2019
  19. Nov 2019
    1. Also,Idon’tsleep,becauseMaxdidn’timaginethatIneededsleep.SoIhavemoretimetolearn.AndIdon’tspendallmytimewithMax,soI’velearnedlotsofthingsthatMaxhasneverseenorheardbefore.Afterhegoestobed,IsitinthelivingroomorthekitchenwithMax’sparents.WewatchtelevisionorIjustlistentothemtalk.SometimesIgoplaces.Igotothegasstationthatnevercloses,becausemyfavoritepeopleintheworld,exceptforMaxandhisparentsandMrsGosk,arethere.OrIgotoDoogieshot-dogrestaurantalittlewaysdowntheroadortothepolicestationortothehospital(exceptIdon’tgotothehospitalanymorebecauseOswaldisthereandhescaresme).Andwhenweareinschool,Isometimesgototheteachers’loungeoranotherclassroom,andsometimesIevengototheprincipal’soffice,justtolistentowhat’sgoingon.IamnotsmarterthanMax,butIknowalotmorethanhimjustbecauseIamawakemoreandgoplacesthatMaxcan’t.Thisisgood.SometimesIcanhelpMaxwhenhedoesn’tunderstandsomethingsowell.LikelastweekMaxcouldn’topenajarofjellytomakeapeanutbutterandjellysandwich.‘Budo!’hesaid.‘Ican’topenit.’‘Sureyoucan,’Isaid.‘Turnittheotherway.Leftyloosy.Rightytighty.’ThatissomethingIhearMax’smomsaytoherselfsometimesbeforesheopensajar.Itworked.Maxopenedthejar.Buthewassoexcitedthathedroppeditonthetilefloor,smashingitintoamillionpieces.TheworldcanbesocomplicatedforMax.Evenwhenhegetssomethingright,itcanstillgowrong



  20. Sep 2019
    1. Ich betrachte das Bewusstsein als grundlegend. Ich betrachte Materie als Ableitung vom Bewusstsein. Wir können nicht hinter das Bewusstsein kommen. Alles, worüber wir reden, alles, was wir für existent halten, postuliert das Bewusstsein.
    1. I regard consciousness as fundamental. I regard matter as derivative from consciousness. We cannot get behind consciousness. Everything that we talk about, everything that we regard as existing, postulates consciousness.
    1. Eine neue wissenschaftliche Wahrheit pflegt sich nicht in der Weise durchzusetzen, daß ihre Gegner überzeugt werden und sich als belehrt erklären, sondern vielmehr dadurch, daß ihre Gegner allmählich aussterben und daß die heranwachsende Generation von vornherein mit der Wahrheit vertraut gemacht ist.A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it.
  21. Jul 2019
    1. here exists a se-quence of initial data that satisfy all the hypothesis of item (i) and suchthat in the limit the equality in (3) is achieved. In this limit, the radius,the charge and the total mass of this sequence tend to zero.
  22. Jun 2019
    1. A standard computation using the Gauss equation shows that∂f∂t(0,t′) =ddt|Σ0|g(t)(t′) =−∫Σ0(R−Ric(ν,ν))dμ=−4πχ(Σ0)−∫Σ0(Ric(ν,ν) +|A|2)dμ,where all geometric quantities are computed with respect tog(t′).
    1. However, this doesn’t mean that Min-Max scaling is not useful at all! A popular application is image processing, where pixel intensities have to be normalized to fit within a certain range (i.e., 0 to 255 for the RGB color range). Also, typical neural network algorithm require data that on a 0-1 scale.

      Use min-max scaling for image processing & neural networks.

  23. arxiv.org arxiv.org
    1. A computation in coordinates shows that the Ricci tensor ofhis given byRich(X,X) =−(1V∆gV)h(X,X),Rich(X,Z) = 0,Rich(Y,Z) =Ricg(Y,Z)−1V(HessgV)(Y,Z)
    2. The structure of the metrichnear the singular set clearly implies thatgeodesics realizing the distance between a point inNand a component of∂Mmeets∂Morthogonally. The proof of this fact is essentially the sameas the proof of the Gauss’ Lemma.
  24. Mar 2019
    1. Evolução da carga

      $$ \begin{aligned} Q(t) & \equiv Q_{\nabla\phi}(\Sigma) := {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} \langle \nabla\phi, \nu \rangle d\sigma_g \\ %% & = {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} d\phi \cdot \nu d\sigma = {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} \frac{\partial\phi}{\partial\nu} d\sigma \end{aligned} $$

      $$ \begin{aligned} \Longrightarrow \frac{dQ}{dt} = {1 \over 4\pi} \int_{\Sigma} \left[ d(\partial_t \phi) \cdot \nu + d\phi \cdot \partial_t \nu + d\phi \cdot \nu \frac{tr_{\Sigma} \partial_t g}{2} \right] d\sigma \end{aligned} $$

      Tomando \( \alpha = 2 \), obtemos: $$ \begin{aligned}

      • {tr_{\Sigma} \partialt g \over 2} & = R - Rc(\nu, \nu) - \alpha \left( |\nabla \phi|^2 - (\partial{\nu} \phi)^2 \right) \ & = R - Rc(\nu, \nu) - 2 \left( |\nabla \phi|^2 - (\partial_{\nu} \phi)^2 \right) \end{aligned} $$
    2. the maximum principle above, yieldsSmin(t)≥Smin(0)1−2tmSmin(0)(5.3)for allt≥0 as long as the flow exists
    3. Theorem 4.4Let(g(t),φ(t))solve(RH)αwithα(t)≡α >0. ThenSandSdefined as above satisfy thefollowing evolution equations∂∂tS=△S+ 2|Sij|2+ 2α|τgφ|2,∂∂tSij=△LSij+ 2ατgφ∇i∇jφ.(4.14)Proof.This follows directly by combining the evolution equations from Proposition4.2withthose from Proposition4.3.Remark.Note that in contrast to the evolution of Rc,R,∇φ⊗∇φand|∇φ|2the evolutionequations in Theorem4.4for the combinations Rc−α∇φ⊗∇φandR−α|∇φ|2donotdepend on the intrinsic curvature ofN.

      Note que,

      $$\alpha = 2 \Longrightarrow S = R - 2 |\nabla \phi|^2,$$

      que é justamente a função que precisamos estimar (veja prova do corolário 5.2), no caso particular de um campo gradiente.

      Haja visto que no na aproximação eletrostática do eletromagnetismo clássico, o campo elétrico (em domínios simplesmente conexos) é gerado por um potencial escalar, isso sugere que, pelo menos nessa aproximação particular, podemos utilizar esse fluxo \((RH)_{\alpha}\), tomando o pontical elétrico como dado inicial para o fluxo do calor para mapas harmônicos.

      Essa ideia é inspirada nas ideias das seções 2 e 3, desse artigo do Benhard List, onde ele observa que soluções estáticas desse fluxo, com \(\alpha\) escolhido adequadamente, coincide com as soluções estáticas para a equação de Einstein no vácuo.

  25. Jan 2019
    1. all signals are interchangeable so any out port can be connected to any in port

      For those of us who’ve had to deal with distinctions between audio and control signals, this is actually pretty major. However, it’s already become something in modular synthesis. People who get started in Eurorack, for instance, may not need to worry nearly as much about different types of signals as those who used Csound or, more importantly for this marketing copy, Cycling ’74 Max.

  26. Feb 2018
  27. Mar 2017
    1. Dr. Max Dunbar

      Dr. Maxwell John Dunbar, mentioned later in the text as the author of Environment and Common Sense which was published in 1971, began his “lifelong involvement with the Arctic” in August 1935 during an expedition to map the western Greenland coast (Grainger 1995, 306). Dunbar was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, attended the Merchiston Preparatory School followed by the Dalhousie Castle School, and finally, Fettes College. In 1933, Dunbar began attending the Trinity College in Oxford, England to study zoology where he met ecologist Charles Elton. After meeting Elton, Dunbar was introduced to the Oxford University Exploration Club. Through this club, Dunbar was invited to join the expedition in Greenland. He received a B.A. in 1937 and subsequently attended Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut on a Henry Fellowship (for more information on the Henry Fellowship see Yale University’s webpage https://yale.communityforce.com/Funds/FundDetails.aspx?4438534B376C50326C63483341496C39582F4435696B6F6554694364593150486764566B344156473663736768494B34585863553574432B646D5868384E6275). While studying at Yale University, Dunbar was able to take a trip to explore the glaciers of Alaska. He returned to Oxford, England, when Elton offered him the opportunity to join the 1939 eastern Canadian Arctic patrol. After accepting Elton’s offer, Dunbar enrolled at McGill University in Montreal, Canada as a graduate student. During his time at McGill University, Dunbar experienced the Canadian arctic for the first time by joining the R.M.S Nascopie. Dunbar began serving as the consular representative of the Canadian consulate in Greenland in 1942, and again in 1946. After leaving Greenland, Dunbar was employed by McGill University in the Department of Zoology. After beginning research for the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, he designed the first Canadian arctic research vessel Calanus. In 1947, Dunbar founded the Eastern Arctic Investigations laboratory at McGill University. His active involvement with McGill University continued until he retired and was appointed Professor Emeritus in 1982. He continued his quest for knowledge after “retiring” and published at least 32 articles after 1982 (Grainger 1995, 306-307).


      Grainger, E. H. "Maxwell John Dunbar (1914-1995)." Arctic 48, no. 3 (1995): 306-07. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40511670.

  28. Apr 2016
    1. power (in a Weberian sense)

      Weber understands by power: the chance of a man, or a number of men "to realize their own will in communal action, even against the resistance of others."

      Weber – Class, Status, and Power