38 Matching Annotations
  1. Feb 2021
  2. Oct 2020
  3. Sep 2020
  4. Jun 2020
    1. Research A research project presents a research question and answers that question through  sources. It is written from the perspective of someone who seeks answers.

      Definition of Research

    2. Report A report relays the results of your research in an organized manner. A report is written from the perspective of someone who already knows the answers.

      Definition of a report

    1. Remember that a thesis statement does not summarize an issue but rather dissects it.

      Good tip!

    2. all support in an essay must work together to convey a central point

      good tip for essay writing

    1. Explication tells the reader how the quote or paraphrase supports the thesis of your paper.

      what explication does

    2. Create source bricks, which are essentially chunks of text you place before and after a quotation or a paraphrase. Here is how you do it:

      source bricks, good tip in preparing to write.

    1. When you quote, you use the exact wording from the source When you paraphrase, you put a passage or part of a text in your own words, being careful not to copy the sentence structure of the original source When you summarize, you give a very broad overview of a passage or a text--writing your summary in a 10th of the size of the original text

      quoting written sources

    1. The content of each paragraph in the essay is shaped by purpose, audience, and tone. The four common academic purposes are to summarize, to analyze, to synthesize, and to evaluate. Identifying the audience's demographics, education, prior knowledge, and expectations will affect how and what you write. Devices such as sentence structure, word choice, punctuation, and formal or informal language communicate tone and create a relationship between the writer and his or her audience. Content may consist of examples, statistics, facts, anecdotes, testimonies, and observations. All content must be appropriate and interesting for the audience, purpose and tone.

      good to review when writing essays

    1. to summarize to analyze to synthesize to evaluate

      4 main purposes for academic writing!

    1. Purpose: The reason the writer composes the essay. Audience: The individual or group whom the writer intends to address. Tone: The attitude the writer conveys about the essay's subject

      The 3 MAIN elements that shape the content of an essay

  5. Dec 2019
    1. They are processed into existence using the pulp of what already exists, rising like swamp things from the compost of the past. The mulch is turned and tended by many layers of editors who scrub it of anything possibly objectionable before it is fed into a government-run "adoption" system that provides mediocre material to students of all ages.


  6. Sep 2019
  7. Aug 2019
    1. Research. As zero-textbook-cost degrees are implemented across the country, research could be conducted to analyze the impact of degree establishment on student access and success, as well as on faculty pedagogical practice. Metrics related to access and success might include credit loads, withdrawal rates, persistence rates, pass rates, and actual cost savings.

      Zero-textbook cost degrees is still a long way off as far as India goes. Our students are now extremely proficient in the use of the internet and open sources. However, compared to open access resources use of standardised textbooks in traditionnal classrooms is definitely better as teachers has a personal connect with the student. This is particularly necessary as students are becoming victims of PUBG and other such addctive games leading to either suicide or other behavioural problems. We do not need a plethora of zombie students in our schools and colleges!

  8. May 2019
    1. general history journals, or in books or digital forums

      My beef is more with historians who don't even know they're doing it, and do things like put coded markers to interpretive structures into narratives in textbooks. Undergrads from other majors in surveys, who will never read historiography, miss these markers and don't realize they're reading a story told through a particular lens.

    1. when you say “textbook” rather than “learning materials”

      There are implications, though, from the creative side, when you switch from thinking about textbooks to thinking about "learning materials". Textbooks typically have a single author or team for the entire work. Learning materials are much easier to imagine as promiscuous remixes. There are tradeoffs to these two approaches. I think we can expand idea of textbook to include ebook multimedia and interactive (H5P) functions, so maybe we don't need to dump the term on those grounds.

  9. Apr 2019
    1. free of charge and free of licensing restrictions

      Are there any examples currently where something is not free of charge but is free of licensing restrictions?

  10. Jan 2019
    1. Deli11er

      Many of the first textbooks on rhetoric showed pages and pages of diagrams like these ^, of ways to position every part of your body during each of the 5 steps. There are even pages that teach the proper way for women to stand (assumedly to watch the delivery).

  11. Dec 2017
    1. cles For journal articles, the generic format for a reference is as follows: Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. Title of Journal, xx(yy), pp–pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx
  12. Feb 2017
    1. the goal posts must be placed further than simply cheaper textbooks.

      Yes. Because publishers will always be able to beat OER on price as they mine new business models. Not hard to image where the content becomes the loss leader for the publishers in order to get faculty buy-in into tools that have the real gold - data.

    2. This begs a broader question: If open educational practices are a game changer, why are OER advocates playing by the rules of the commercial textbook industry?

      This is a wonderful question. In part, I think it is to make it as palatable as possible to bring on board new faculty. If you make it like it old, but slightly different (incremental change) it may be easier for some to come around and on board. The problem with this is then OER no longer become truly innovative - it is reactive to the rules of the textbook industry. And that industry is going away.

  13. Oct 2016
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  19. Nov 2015
    1. This article included an estimate from the system that further backs up the $530 – $640 figures. [Hanley’s] rough estimate: As of a few years ago, learners at the 23-campus, 460,200-student university system were spending $300 million a year on course materials — about $651 per student per school year.

      This graph is the kicker. It is NOT about textbook costs, it's about how much students can afford to spend. The amount hasn't changed, or has gone down, since '02!

  20. Jun 2015
    1. Demographics data with respect to age distributions and fecundity can be used to study human populations.

      textbook reading 36.9- The human population continues to increase, but the growth rate is slowing.

      textbook reading 36.10- Age structures reveal social and economic trends.

    2. A population can produce a density of individuals that exceeds the system’s resource availability.

      36.5- multiple factors may limit population growth

    3. Introduction of species

      Textbook section 37.13- Invasive species can devastate communities.

      Not Mathematical

    4. The structure of a community is measured and described in terms of species composition and species diversity.

      textbook 37.10- Species diversity includes relative abundance and species richness.