145 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2020
    1. marriage is no exception and can be successfully analyzed within the framework provided by modern economic

      rational choice can be used in Economic analysis to study marriage.



    1. An important step in extending the traditional analysis of individual rational choice is to incorporate into the theory a much richer class of attitudes, preferences, and calculations.

      attitudes preferences and calculations should be added to the analysis

    2. ut what parents try to do can be greatly affected by public policies and changes in economic and social conditions.

      public policies, economic and social conditions can also set values in the family.

    3. Again, I am trying to model a commonsense idea, namely, that the attitudes and values of adults are enormously influenced by their childhood experience

      what happened to a person as a child influences their behavior as an adult.

    4. the assumption that when men and women decide to marry, or have children, or divorce, they attempt to raise their welfare by comparing benefits and costs. So they marry when they expect to be better offThis content downloaded from on Thu, 05 Nov 2020 14:33:48 UTC All use subject to https://about.jstor.org/terms

      Thesis: people marry or divorce seeking to maximize their personal welfare.

    5. effort to calculate both private and social rates of return to men, women, blacks, and other groups from investments in different levels of education. After aThis content downloaded from on Thu, 05 Nov 2020 14:33:48 UTC All use subject to https://about.jstor.org/terms

      Possible to calculate ROI on human capital investments for different classes of people.

    6. theo- retical and empirical implications of the assumption that criminal behavior is rationa

      Implications of criminality being rationally motivated.

    7. theory of individual rational choice to analyze social issues beyond those usually consid- ered by economists is to incorporate into the theory a much richer class of attitudes, preferences, and calculations. While this approach to behavior builds on an expanded theory of individual choice, it is not mainly concerned with individuals. It uses theory at the micro level as a powerful tool to derive implications at the group or macro level.

      RC theory can be used for analysis of a broad set of social issues by adding into the development of the theory more "attitudes, preferences, and calculations" --- resulting in a theory of individual choice. BUT by studying at the micro level - it's possible to understand implications at the macro.

    1. The goal Rational Choice Institutionalism is different. For Rationalist scholars, the central goal is to uncover the Laws of political behavior and action.

      What are Rational Choice Institutionalists after?

    2. In either case, the Historical Institutionalist is interested in developing a deep and contextualized understanding of the politics.

      Thesis about Historical institutionalists



    1. new models of risk assessment, planning and co-productionare required to address these limitations



    1. land-use planningwill be increasingly required to manage climigration events over the coming decades and willrely on input and guidance from other disciplines to do so effectively



  2. Oct 2020
    1. it may be necessary for researchers to considerdangers seen, unseen, and unforeseen in conducting research
    2. when they do not pay careful attention to their ownand others’ racialized and cultural systems of coming to know, know-ing, and experiencing the world.

      Reminds me of Haraway's writings about embodied and situated knowledge.



    1. eoliberalism can beframed as a productive power which has created new competencies in thefield and a new professionalism shaped by the strategic priorities of themarket-led state.

      He thinks neoliberalism has been good for the profession??

    2. My research suggests that a model of prac-tice which can broadly be characterised as‘neoliberal community develop-ment’has now become normalised in the field.
    3. It is these‘regressivepossibilities’which interest me in this article. As my research shows theypotentially involve an increasing role for community development infurthering the political project of neoliberalisation, austerity and themarketisation of public services.
    4. community development emerges not so much as a social professionrooted in the needs and aspirations of communities as a technology ofgovernment which is deployed by local states to facilitate neoliberalisa-tion, austerity and the marketisation of public services



    1. h · nee of ublic executions marks therefore the decline 1!~~ of the s ectacle; but it also mar s a s ackening o t e old on the ~j·-\.> ~I



    1. knowledge of reality with respect to its culturalsignificance and its causal relationships, can be attained through the quest for recurrentsequences.

      Weber is saying that our understanding of an event and how it relates to other events can be understood by looking for a relationship between events - boiled down to its elemental elements.



    1. or politically effectivealternative media that in order to advance transformative political can include certain elements of capitalist mass mediaas well as elements of the ideal type of alternative media.

      argues that the ideal-type needs to be rethought to allow a new niche of Alternative Media in order - one that can maximize the effectiveness as a participant in transforming society and politics. The authors say that Alt media must be permitted to have some form of revenue to support its reach to the masses. They don't argue against giving up control production, but they do argue for the professionalism of the media. (not open to everyone) and also be should be able to finance itself to such a scale that it can reach a mass audience.

    2. by providing critical content alternative media canhelp advancing societal transformations and contribute to the realization of a truly participatory society, because criticalcontent expresses progressive political interests and tries to give attention to the realization of suppressed possibilities ofsocietal developmen


    3. The category of the produser commodity

      MY THESIS AH - HA - The author is using Weber's methodology by creating Categories of ideal types - and using this to framework to support at mezo analysis of the alternative media institutions.

    4. alternative media differ from mainstream media in re-gard to their organizational principles.

      Organizing principles of alternative media make it something distinct from mainstream media.



  3. Jun 2020
  4. May 2020
  5. Apr 2020
  6. Jan 2020
    1. In what follows, I shall be rehearsing some arguments put forward by Wittgenstein, and some others developed by Wilfrid Sellars, Donald Davidson, and Robert Brandom. I think that these arguments help give a plausible sense both to the claim that nature itself is a poem that we humans have written, and to the claim that the imagination is the principle vehicle of human progress.


  7. Oct 2019
  8. Sep 2019
    1. It is the challenge of faculty across the disciplines, along with their colleagues in writing pro-grams and writing centers — to show them other ways of imagining writing.




  9. Aug 2019
  10. Jul 2019
  11. Jun 2019
  12. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
    1. Therapeutic Impacts of Tocotrienols on Cholesterol Dynamics, Lipoprotein Lipid Peroxidation and Antioxidant Status in Young Smokers and Rats Exposed to Cigarette Smoke
    1. High throughput recovery of recombinant protein from inclusion bodies of E. coli
  13. May 2019
  14. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
  15. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
    1. Cloning and Expression of Hwnan Chorionic Gonadotropin Subunits and a Chllnaeric Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Construct in a Mammalian Cell System
  16. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
  17. www.research.manchester.ac.uk www.research.manchester.ac.uk
  18. www.research.manchester.ac.uk www.research.manchester.ac.uk
  19. www.research.manchester.ac.uk www.research.manchester.ac.uk
    1. Characterisation of orphan cytochrome P450s from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv

      Studies on Transcription Translation coupling and the consequences of its failure in Escherichia coli Modulation of Rho dependent transcription termination by H NS family of proteins

  20. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
    1. ArgP protein of Escherichia coli: roles in osmoregulation,gene regulation and inter-relationship with LysG of Corynebacteriumglutamicum
    1. Nor do we consider one of the major reasons why schools and colleges overlook the intellectual potential of street smarts: the fact that we associate those street smarts with anti-­intellectual concerns. We associate the educated life, the life of the mind, too narrowly and exclusively with subjects and texts that  we consider  inherently  weighty  and academic.

      In a version of Graff's thesis statement or controlling idea, he makes the claim that knowledge of the "content" of education -- be it science, philosophy, literature, etc. -- isn't as important as the "form" of critical engagement, i.e., in the ability to gather and evaluate evidence and to compose and respond to intellectual arguments.

      • Do you agree with Graff's claims? Why or why not?
      • Highlight another section of Graff's essay that you might use as evidence to support your response to question #1. Explain how you could use it.
      • Be ready to discuss what consequences Graff's essay (and your ideas about it) could have about the way we organize education: in terms of assignments, grades, courses, etc.
  21. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
    1. Studies on Calcineurin-NFAT signaling in cellular proliferation and effect of its inhibitor, cyclosporine A, in cell death response
  22. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
    1. Manipal University

      studies on profilin 1 mediated signal transduction pathways in relevance to its tumour suppressor activity

    1. Tannase from Penicillium charlesii: Process Optimization, Purification, Characterization, Scale up and Industrial Applications
    1. Understanding the role of Diffusible Signaling Factor(DSF)in virulence of Xanthomonasplant pathogens
  23. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
    1. Investigating the cellular functions of mammalian inositolhexakisphosphate kinase 1 (IP6K1)
  24. shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
    1. Studies on the physiological roles of basal (p)ppGpp and DksA in Escherichia coli
  25. Mar 2019
    1. It is rather unclear what the purpose of the paper is as the author continues to discuss or mention other sources' viewpoints about the problem and not his own. There is basically no argument whatsoever in the article.


      Deep Compression" can reduce the model sizeby 18?to 49?without hurting the prediction accuracy. We also discovered that pruning and thesparsity constraint not only applies to model compression but also applies to regularization, andwe proposed dense-sparse-dense training (DSD), which can improve the prediction accuracy for awide range of deep learning models. To efficiently implement "Deep Compression" in hardware,we developed EIE, the "Efficient Inference Engine", a domain-specific hardware accelerator thatperforms inference directly on the compressed model which significantly saves memory bandwidth.Taking advantage of the compressed model, and being able to deal with the irregular computationpattern efficiently, EIE improves the speed by 13?and energy efficiency by 3,400?over GPU

    1. Neural Approaches to Conversational AI

      Question Answering, Task-Oriented Dialogues and Social Chatbots

      The present paper surveys neural approaches to conversational AI that have beendeveloped in the last few years. We group conversational systems into three cat-egories: (1) question answering agents, (2) task-oriented dialogue agents, and(3) chatbots. For each category, we present a review of state-of-the-art neuralapproaches, draw the connection between them and traditional approaches, anddiscuss the progress that has been made and challenges still being faced, usingspecific systems and models as case studies

  26. Jan 2019
    1. Inthisbook,IdemonstratehowHegel’sdialecticemergedfromthephilosophicalpracticesofmedievalthinkers,mappingaspreciselyaspossiblethelineamentsofHegel’sdebtandtheimplicationsofacknowledgingthatdebt(chaps.1and2)




  27. Nov 2018
  28. Aug 2018
    1. Thesis

    2. Rhetorical discourse, I argue, directlyreflects and mediates the historical negotiation of power in the Romanrepublic among members of the elite senatorial order and between thatorder and the citizenry, a relation expressed in the well-known formulaSenatus Populusque Romanus.



  29. Apr 2018
  30. classes.alaska.edu classes.alaska.edu
    1. First, we explore the interface between ethical research and the wider agenda of achievingsocial justice for/with children. Second, we highlight the ways in which research takes placewithin the context of broader social and personal relationships. Third, we highlight the needfor researchers to understand, respect and incorporate appropriately local ethos in order to notonly bridge the gap between formal ethical standards/guidelines and informal ethical practicesbut also promote participatory ethics

      Main Purpose/Argument, Thesis

  31. Feb 2018
    1. t stage,the originsof“Pepe”,andthe supposedhijackingofPepebythe alt-right movement in a successfulattempt toturn it intoatwistedformofpropaganda tofurthertheircause.The underlyingquestion we willattempt toansweriswhether an int


    2. younggirls,because those typesoffictionareoften theonlytypestoofferpositive,well-roundedfemale protagonists.When societyshamesyounggirlsfortheirinterests in these kindsofstories,girlsfindthemselvescutofffrompotentialrole models,fromrelatable stories,andfrom a widercommunityofgirlslike themselves.Representation matters,partic

      Thesis / Response

    1. By virtue of this, bullshit is a greater enemy of the truth thanlies are


    2. My aim issimply to give a rough account of what bullshit is and how it differs from what itis not, or (putting it somewhat differently) to articulate, more or less sketchily, thestructure of its concept.
  32. Jan 2018
    1. "new crops, big changes."

      He really tend to ridicule the counterargument through the use of derogatory quotation marks.

      In my opinion, this is a weak way of destroying the opposite argument.

      We could also say that he tries to influence the interpretive lenses of the audience.

    2. it’s not the development of technology that leads to social change, but the application of it.


    3. sometimes for the worse.

      He delivers his point in a subtle manner.

    4. that is how they plan to become successful philanthropists, too.

      This is the thesis of the article. The main point.

    1. his purpose in the struggle was strictly to save the Union; it was not to free the slaves

      thesis statement

  33. Nov 2017
    1. IPython widget to interactively view molecular structures and trajectories http://arose.github.io/nglview/latest/
  34. Oct 2017
    1. Though artisans may not be able at once to execute the invention which is explained in the "Dioptrics," I do not think that any one on that account is entitled to condemn it; for since address and practice are required in order so to make and adjust the machines described by me as not to overlook the smallest particular, I should not be less astonished if they succeeded on the first attempt than if a person were in one day to become an accomplished performer on the guitar, by merely having excellent sheets of music set up before him.
  35. Sep 2017
    1. The solution is to focus not onwhois greatenough to exert influence, or strong enough to grapple with the‘‘anxiety’’oftheir literary inheritance, but rather onhowinfluence operates. What we canlook to, then, are instances of‘‘misreading’’,‘‘misinterpretation’’,‘‘carica-ture’’,‘‘distortion’’and‘‘wilful revisionism’’for what they reveal. Austen isnot the only writer whose works must benefit from such an analysis, but she,perhaps more than any other writer, unrelentingly demands it of her readers.Austen insists that her readers follow her in deliberately, playfully misreadingand reconceiving a broad range of literature, both‘‘high’’and‘‘low’’.Mimicking her misprision in our response to Romantic theories of influence,we can at last recognize how such influence operates on writers whom thecanon ignores or marginalizes: women and novelists, certainly, but alsothose whose influential moment was fleeting, rather than historicallytranscendent

      This seems like the article's thesis to me. Here, the author argues that we should not seek to identify which authors/works are seemingly "worthy" of having an influence on other authors/works. Rather, we should explore on how literary influence is actually functioning in related works.Readers must look to different methods of influence, such as "distortion" and "misinterpretation" in their study of the topic. In the demands that she places upon her readers to be well-informed and attentive, Austen invites us to be a part of a complicated and ongoing literary conversation. Additionally, through studying Austen's works, we can observe the influence of those traditionally left out by the canon.

      This argument does seem relevant and original to me. In my admittedly brief study of literary influence, the discussion is usually exclusively related to the canon. Murphy asks us to consider influence in a broader sense. However, the main question that I have after reading this article relates to computational literary study. Franco Moretti, Matthew Jockers, and other such scholars have made significant strides in the application of computational tools in the study of literary influence. I am very curious as to how this article's premises and main argument would hold up when subjected to such tools. This seems like a weakness to me. Even after my brief study of computational literary analysis, it seems that any conversation of literary influence is incomplete without actually looking at the data.

    1. Jane’s willingness to construe everyone’s actions so as to think well of them is a narrative resource that Austen wields adeptly; who better to narrate with absolute surprise Lydia’s elopement and the revelation of Wickham’s character (“‘A gamester!’ she cried. ‘This is wholly unexpected. I had not an idea of it’”) (P, 305). Yet, Jane’s will-fully generous interpretive habits are more than comic; they contrast with the tendencies of other more sharp-tongued, detached critics whose predictive accuracy, it turns out, is not more reliable.

      This points to the discussion of narration. Moe reiterates her several theses by acknowledging the many aspects of her larger argument, as here she brings the reader back towards the narrative part of her discussion.

      Austen uses narrative to exercise Jane's kindness and willingness to see the best in others.

    2. The multiple styles of making judgments in Pride and Prejudiceare filtered through conjugality because marriage is action with the highest stakes.

      Not necessarily an original idea, but Moe manipulates this concept to aid her original thesis.

    3. ******

      The different theses Moe presents to her reader are all an original take on reading Charlotte and Elizabeth's argument, and Charlotte's individual views, especially considering the extensive description of the typical reading of these characters which Moe provides us with.

      This introduction, though at times distracted from the main point through inclusion of so many outside theories and readings of Elizabeth/Charlotte/Austen, definitely engages the reader, provides grounding for Moe's argument, and makes this subject appear significant in understanding the conflict of modern viewpoints in Pride and Prejudice, as well as to better understand Charlotte as a character and her decisions.

    4. Austen’s work might instead be interpreted as the scene of agonistic coexistence in which the discus-sions between Elizabeth and Charlotte and the deterioration of their friendship animate competing conceptions of self, moral agency, and modes of affective living

      THESIS part 4: differences based on modernities animate "competing conceptions of self, moral agency, and modes of affective living." This ties Moe's earlier points about agency into the discussion of narrative and modernity.

    5. Charlotte Lucas offers a compelling point of departure for bringing the critical perspective of “multiple [ / ] modernities” into eighteenth-century novel studies.

      MAIN POINT/THESIS part 3: Charlotte is a different kind of character, applies to several forms of "modernities" and should be critically examined.

    6. development of modern subjectivity, where the modern subject is assumed to be oriented toward freedom and inner-directed action, overlooks some of the most intriguing aspects of disagreements among women in Austen’s novels and foregoes an opportunity, which becomes more pertinent to feminists every day, to make the novel relevant to subjects and especially to female subjectivities whose self-cultivation takes the form of perseverance, self-discipline, and the daily prac-tice of living in accordance with social practices that do not appear germane to liberation. Charlotte Lucas presents conceptual challenges to feminist theorists and gender analysts because her expectations do not fit those of a romantic plot.

      THESIS part 2: the development of "modern subjectivity." This can sometimes draw attention from disagreements between women in Austen novels. Charlotte challenges the "social practices that do not appear germane to liberation." She does not follow a romantic plot.

      Moe questions the problem with viewing Elizabeth as the sole modern, feminist character.

    7. By focusing on Charlotte Lucas, I aim to show that heterogeneous ways of thinking and feeling about marriage, about the decisions of other people (and of women, especially) are not only imaginable, but of interest to Austen.

      THESIS part 1: diverse methods of thinking/feeling about marriage and why this matters to Austen (through focusing on Charlotte)

  36. Dec 2016
    1. The 4th Branch

      Much of the song describes the acts that the fourth branch has taken and their rise above the other 3 branches of government making them a powerful influence among the population, in which the impact that have on the people is described throughout different acts and opinions in this specific example of the Iraq War and the protest towards it.

      "The Rise of the Fourth Branch of Government." Washington Post. The Washington Post, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2016.

  37. Nov 2016
    1. Consciousness and Temptaion: How this framework misses the the deeper interpretation of intensifying one's own personality, remaining beneath your own surface but diving deep (which DG avoids like all addicts by craving the shallowness of comfort and image and self understanding through one's own image). This is misguided because it heralds will and choice as the guide of DG life, but there is a deeper psychological structure that mere will and self-knowledge, without any other help drives him deeper into his problem and isolation.

  38. Sep 2016
    1. Public education and engagement could also serve to bring more awareness to the fact that the built environment often excludes. This Article seeks to serve that end by offering examples of architectural exclusion with the hope that citizens,

      And its one of the ways you could approach your assignments.

  39. Aug 2016
    1. The decisions of those who work in these varied fields result in infrastructure that shapes the built environment. The resulting infrastructure is included in this broad definition of architecture and functions as a form of regulation through architecture

      This is the heart of her thesis?

  40. Jun 2016
    1. In the following article, I want to make a case for why we should talk about affect when we talk about writing, reading, and literacy
    1. Although much of the letters' interest lies in the fact they give individual voices to the anonymous mass of the 'reading public', it is possible to identify several common themes which unify them as a group. A vast majority of these women express feelings of alienation from the world, identification with Byron, and a desire to make some kind of contact with the poet.

      I agree with Joseph, as this statement follows a clear presentation of a thesis, starting with a qualification, "Although much of...", and continuing with a claim/reason to investigate, "it is possible to identify..."

  41. Feb 2016
    1. Connections betweenvariables are specified to form a network, and inferencing aboutthe value of a variable in the network is accomplished by Bayesiancalculations on other variables connected to it (Millán, Loboda, &Pérez-de-la-Cruz, 2010).

      Does technology dictate pedagogy? If so - do certain ITS' lock in a specific pedagogy - if so which one?



    1. Last, it is possible that ITS’s effectiveness differs as the users’age or educational levels differ. The current meta-analysis focusedon studies of ITS’s impact on college students’ learning, while thelatter focused on ITS’s influence on K-12 students’ mathematicallearning. It is likely that ITS may function better for more maturestudents who have sufficient prior knowledge, self-regulationskills, learning motivation, and experiences with computers thanfor younger students who may still need to develop the abovecharacteristics and need more human inputs to learn. This hypoth-esis needs to be tested in future research.

      This is very interesting.



    1. It’s not, of course, that there’s anything wrong with making (although it’s not all that clear that the world needs more stuff).

      The wave of "Internet of Things" seems to be co-opted by consumerist view of the world needing more "stuff". While repairing or repurposing is kind of a second class activity, particularly in the Global North and in contrast with the Global South (see for example the gambiarra approach and critique from Brazil).

      So this maker of the new and visible seems not only informed by gender but also by race/place.

    2. Almost all the artifacts that we value as a society were made by or at the order of men. But behind every one is an invisible infrastructure of labor—primarily caregiving, in its various aspects—that is mostly performed by women.

      The main issue here is the visible versus the invisible work. Making in the "makers" movement sense is related with making the visible stuff, usually the hardware/software related one with a strong formal correlate (because stuff takes the form of programmed code or is the result of programming code, i.e 3D printing), while "soft" informal stuff, like the day to day issues of logistics about places and doings is invisible.

      The question in not solved simply by making the invisible visible, as Susan Leigh Star has pointed out (in the case of nursing, for example). It's also about leaving the invisible to be agent of important stuff without being trapped by the formalism of the visible. To give the visible and the invisible the proper weight without only trying one to become the other.

  42. Jan 2016
    1. In this post we hope to both expand their definition of what annotation can be and inspire them to experiment with new ways of doing it

      purpose of article--a call to action.

  43. Jun 2015
    1. cause disability has such potent cultural reso- nances, its visualization has been enlisted to manipulate viewers for a wide range of aims. This essay focuses on how that manipulation has operated and what meanings it has carried.
    2. This essay explores popular photographic images of disability rather than medical images, whose circulation was generally limited to text- books and clinical studies aimed toward a specialized and often elite audi
  44. Apr 2015