23 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2022
  2. Feb 2022
    1. The FAO’s Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 reports that since 1990, India’s naturally regenerating forests increased only marginally by 6,700 sq.km. while, over the same period, plantations increased by 75,500 sq.km. About 92% of India’s so-called ‘forest cover increase’ between 1990 and 2020 has thus been via plantations.

      Actual Indian Forest cover data 2021 by GFRA 2020

      ... contradiction between GFRA and ISFR

    2. India’s forest cover really increasing
  3. Jan 2022
  4. Oct 2021
    1. In ecology, edge effects are changes in population or community structures that occur at the boundary of two or more habitats.[1] Areas with small habitat fragments exhibit especially pronounced edge effects that may extend throughout the range. As the edge effects increase, the boundary habitat allows for greater biodiversity.

      Edge Effects

      It was in the Design Science Studio that I learned about edge effects.

      Yesterday, I was thinking about how my life embodies the concept of edge effects. That same day, a book was delivered to our door, Design for the Real World by Victor Papanek.

      Today, I was reading these words:

      Design for the Real World

      Design for Survival and Survival through Design: A Summation

      Integrated, comprehensive, anticipatory design is the act of planning and shaping carried on across the various disciplines, an act continuously carried on at interfaces between them.

      Victor Papanek goes on to say:

      It is at the border of different techniques or disciplines that most new discoveries are made and most action is inaugurated. It is when two differing areas of knowledge are brought into contact with one another that… a new science may come into being.

      (Page 323)


      Exiles and Emigrés

      The Bauhaus spread its ideas because it existed at the boundaries, the avant-garde, the edges of what was thought to be possible, especially as a socialist utopian idea found its way to a capitalist industrial-military complex, where the concept of modernism was co-opted and colonized by globalizing economic forces beyond the control of the individual. Design was the virus that propagated around the world through the vehicle of corporate globalization.

      That same design ethic is infecting corporations with a conscience, with empathy, with a process that begins with listening to people. Design is the virus that can spread the values of unconditional love throughout the body of neoliberal capitalism.

  5. Sep 2021
    1. "If you look at a map of the distribution of languages around the world and you compare it with maps that show the distribution of mammal species or bird species, you see an extraordinarily similar picture: The hot spots of linguistic diversity, in so many cases, coincide with hot spots of biological diversity," he said.

      Making the connection between language diversity and biodiversity.

  6. Jun 2021
  7. Apr 2021
    1. New research shows that lake "stratification periods" – a seasonal separation of water into layers – will last longer in a warmer climate. These longer periods of stratification could have "far-reaching implications" for lake ecosystems, the paper says, and can drive toxic algal blooms, fish die-offs and increased methane emissions.

      Eine neue Studie ergibt, dass die globale Erhitzung die Ökosysteme von Seen weltweit schädigt. Die Periode, in der sich das Wasser in Schichten teilt, dauert länger. Dramatische Veränderungen mit Schäden für die Biodiversität lassen sich z.B. in den großen amerikanischen Seen beobachten. Kurzbericht: Climate Change Could Cause ‘Irreversible Impacts’ to Lakes - EcoWatch, Details: Climate change could cause ‘irreversible impacts’ to lake ecosystems | Carbon Brief, Studie: Phenological shifts in lake stratification under climate change | Nature Communications

    1. The ocean contains unique biodiversity, provides valuable food resources and is a major sink for anthropogenic carbon. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an effective tool for restoring ocean biodiversity and ecosystem services1,2, but at present only 2.7% of the ocean is highly protected3. This low level of ocean protection is due largely to conflicts with fisheries and other extractive uses.
    1. The rate at which the world’s forests are being destroyed increased sharply last year, with at least 42,000 sq km of tree cover lost in key tropical regions.According to data from the University of Maryland and the online monitoring platform Global Forest Watch, the loss was well above the average for the last 20 years, with 2020 the third worst year for forest destruction since 2002 when comparable monitoring began.
  8. Mar 2021
    1. Systematische Bestandsaufnahme der CO2-Emissionen durch Schleppnetze. Sie sind größer als die Emissionen Deutschland oder des Luftverkehrs. Veröffentlichen in Nature im Vorfeld der Biodiversitätskonferenz in China, Verweis auf ein paralleles Projekt zu terrestrischen Systemen.

    1. 17,6% des espèces évaluées sont menacées en France, d’après la liste rouge élaborée par l’Union internationale pour la conservation de la nature (UICN),

      Gute knappe Zusammenfassung der Situation in Frankreich, Benennung der wichtigsten Ursachen und der Beziehungen zur Veränderung des Klimas (nicht die Hauptursache, gleich schwere Bedrohungen.)

  9. Jan 2021
  10. Dec 2020
    1. Ausführlicher Bericht über eine neue Studie, die sich damit beschäftigt, wie die Lebensräume von Landwirbeltieren erhalten werden können, die sonst zu einem großen Teil bis 2050 ganz oder teilweise verloren gehen.

  11. Nov 2020
  12. Sep 2020
    1. At the global level none of the 20 targets have been fully achieved, though six targets have been partially achieved (Targets 9, 11, 16, 17, 19 and 20). Examining the 60 specific elements of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, seven have been achieved and 38 show progress. Thirteen elements show no progress or indicate a move away from the target, and for two elements the level of progress is unknown. The table on the following pages provides an overview of the progress made towards each of the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

      +!!. So 0/20 achieved. 6 partially achieved. Of more granular items 7/60 and 38 show progress. 13 we have gone backward.

  13. Aug 2018
    1. the same 15 crops that accounted for 85 percent of total harvested area in 1994 continued to account for approximately the same share of total harvested area in 2012

      15 crops account for 85% of harvested area

  14. Mar 2018
    1. The Joint Nature Conservation Committee put it unequivocally:“The EU plays a crucial role in developing policy and legislation to protect the environment and meet its objective for sustainable development. The EU has specific targets for biodiversity conservation with legislative protection for key habitats and species”.The committee makes two other points:“The EU and global biodiversity targets are partly delivered through a range of legislative measures, which place obligations on Member States to protect biodiversity and the natural environment. The EU and Member States have shared legal competence—shared responsibility—in forming and implementing legislation for the environment”.