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  2. Jan 2022
    1. Normcore A term made well-known in 2013 by trend-watching marketing/consulting outfit, K-Hole, normcore is a deliberate effort by people who have a non-mainstream identity to adopt the fashion sensibilities of “normal” people. What’s so noteworthy about wearing basic clothing? It is quietly, radically metamodern in that it emphasizes relationality, the ability to connect to one’s own and other people’s inner experience, over externally focused preoccupations with cultural groups and with categorical identities that seek to differentiate one from others.

      9. Normcore | உள்ளகவியல்பு | உள் அக இயல்பு

    2. Hyper-self-reflexivity, indicates an intensified looking back upon the self. The “self” may be the author, the reader/viewer, the work itself, or even the genre or medium that the work is part of. Self-reflexivity is not unique to metamodernism; it is also an important part of postmodern work but it functions differently in the two epistemes. I’ll use “self-reflexivity” as the name for the postmodern phenomenon and hyper-self-reflexivity for the metamodern version. Allow me to explain the difference.

      1. Hyper-Self-Reflexivity | தன்மலனிச்சை

    3. Eshelman’s double frame conceives of an outer frame and an inner frame locked together. The outer frame is a world story imbued with enough fantasy elements that the reader is forced to make a choice to buy into all of it, if they are going to commit to engaging the work. Now, temporarily trapped inside the outer frame, they are free to unironically engage the emotional content of the inner frame, which is the story of a particular set of characters and events. In other words, the fantastic nature of the outer frame draws a clear boundary between the narrative and the “real world” and the reader is left free to connect to the felt experience of the characters and through extension, to her own inner life.

      2. Double Frame | அகப்புற உலாவி

    4. Meta-Cute This element has overlap with both overprojection and quirky. It has to do with things that evoke childlike innocence and simplicity, but are meant for usage by adult-age people. In a sense, it’s a way of puncturing modernist over-seriousness, but in a way that is kind, not (postmodernly) biting. In addition to quirky characters and plot lines, and anthropomorphized characters, meta-cute includes spare/clean/flat design (such as the obsession with the font Helvetica that prevailed during the 2000s, incorporation of child-like instruments (such as the glockenspiel) in indie rock music, children being featured in lead roles in plot-lines not meant for children, adults who show childlike qualities in films e.g., having motivations not based in sexuality, career, or power-seeking, etc.

      11. Meta-cute | மீச்சுட்டி | மேவெகுளி

      • I am meta-cute
      • மீள்சுருட்டி
    5. 10) Overprojection (Anthropomorphizing) The projection of human personality onto non-human creatures or inanimate objects can be seen as metamodern in that it is an unabashed, unapologetic showcasing of inner, felt experience. In effect, the author/work/reader is filled up with felt experience to the point where it spills over and imbues itself in non-human entities. Examples of this can include characters who are talking animals, cars or other objects that are designed to look like they have faces (e.g. The 1997 redesign of the Volkswagen Beetle, the original Apple iMacs), Wes Anderson’s films The Fantastic Mr. Fox and Isle of Dogs, inanimate objects being given consideration for their “feelings.”

      10. Overprojection (Anthropomorphizing) | அதிநீட்டம் (ஊடுபாவை)

      • projection, நீட்டம்/எறியம்/வீழல் | துரித்திக் கொண்டிருத்தல்
    6. 8) Ironesty This one is my neologism, as far as I know, referring to the braiding together of earnestness and irony. It’s basically the same idea as Jesse Thorn’s New Sincerity, though not temporally bound. (“New Sincerity” implies that it comes at a certain point in history, and also that it’s a sort of a movement, which it is, in the literary world.) Ironesty is irony/sarcasm/sardonicness/snark employed in the service of making an earnest point, or expressing a heart-felt emotion. It’s kind of a way of saying “Hey I get that what I’m about to say is kind of corny, but…” and then truly caring about the thing that comes after the “but.” Or it’s a way of delivering a humorous, clever ironic message, but softening it with a “Don’t worry … we’re not too cool for you, we have sincere feelings just like you.”

      8. Ironesty | நேர்முரண் | உள்ளார்ந்த முரண் | மெய்யார்வமுரண்

      • earnest மெய்யார்வம்
    7. Another method that originated in the postmodern episteme but takes a different tack in metamodernism is pastiche. Pastiche is the juxtaposing of seemingly disparate elements, from historically separated genres and/or cultures. As one way to frame it, in the context of metamodernism, pastiche is potentially constructive, whereas under postmodernism it was dissociative. Dissociative pastiche pitted elements against each other, with results that were usually amusingly absurd, in order to call into question the unexamined premises of each. Constructive (metamodern) pastiche, on the other hand, combines disparate elements in order to build a space inhabited by a felt experience that is not at home in either element on its own. And/or maybe this: constructive pastiche allows a work of art to bring into it the kinds of cultural combinations that people experience in real life, in spite of conventional divisions between them

      7. Constructive Pastiche | கதம்பாக்கம் | கதம்ப கட்டுமானம்

    8. The Epic (metamodern maximalism) The Epic is a rebellion against postmodernism’s tendency to shame ebullient, unabashed self expression. I’m talking about extravagant performances, lush musical arrangements, cautionless embrace of technology, over-the-top sexuality, excesses that don’t stop at just being provocative, but engage grandiose, hero-filled storytelling. Metamodernism gives us permission for all of these things, but again, not toward a randomness or anarchic or destructive impulse. The Epic is metamodernism’s version of maximalism. Of course, metamodern work will often include The Epic and The Tiny, side-by-side in the same work, and that is, itself, an example of oscillation.

      6. Epic (Maximalsim) | அறக்கிளர்ச்சி | நுண்காவியம் |

    9. Metamodernism inherits minimalism as a possible method from both modernism and postmodernism, but puts it towards a somewhat different purpose. Where modernist work employs minimalism in order to reveal the underlying structures of things, and postmodern work employs minimalism to undercut modernism’s penchant for grand narratives and its tendency to preach more/newer/better/faster/bigger in all things, metamodern artworks use what I’m calling The Tiny in order to create vulnerability and intimacy, bringing the reader of a work closer to the felt experience expressed in the work.

      5. Tiny | துரிதவிரிவு

    10. quirky offers an alternative to the Irony vs. Earnestness schism by presenting characters who are, we might say, heroically weird. Who, through their own eccentricity, reveal something simultaneously outside of the norm and universal that gives access to the kind of vulnerability that everybody experiences. In a sense, as we see it, quirky can be thought of as a particular sort of double frame that encloses a single character instead of an entire narrative. The eccentricity is the outer frame, which, with its adamant irreducibility, prevents irony from dissolving the inner frame, which is the character’s emotional truth, or felt experience.

      4. Quirky | அபத்தநெகிழ்வு

    11. metamodern oscillation involves a movement between — as I said — modernist qualities and postmodern qualities, or at least between oppositional pairs of emotional or aesthetic qualities, not opposing political or intellectual positions.

      Metamodern oscillation movement juncture

    12. Oscillation is a way of engaging two oppositional factors without them cancelling each other out, nor landing in the average zone between them. Overall, metamodernism can be understood to revive the positivistic aspects of modernism while retaining postmodernism’s awareness of context and irony, via oscillation.

      3. Oscillation | நிலையலைவு

    1. ஆனால் புனைவின் வாசகன் வளர்ந்துகொண்டிருப்பான். ஆகவே அவன் நிலையாக இருக்க மாட்டான். அவனைப் பற்றி புனைவல்லாதவற்றை வாசிப்பதாகச் சொல்லிக்கொள்பவர்கள் முன்வைக்கும் குற்றச்சாட்டே அவன் உறுதியாக இல்லாமல் ‘அலைபாய்ந்துகொண்டிருக்கிறான்’ ‘குழப்பவாதியாக இருக்கிறான்’ என்பதாகவே இருக்கும். அதாவது அவர்கள் தங்களைப்போல மூளை உறைந்த விசுவாசநிலையை புனைவு வாசகனிடம் எதிர்பார்க்கிறார்கள். இயல்பாக பேசினாலே தெரியும், ஒரு நல்ல புனைவுவாசகன் புனைவல்லாதவற்றை மட்டும் படிப்பேன் என்பவனை விட மிகப்பலமடங்கு நுண்ணிய அவதானிப்புகளும் சுயமான சிந்தனைகளும் கொண்டவனாக இருப்பான். ஆனால் அதை உணருமளவுக்கு அந்த புனைவல்லாதவற்றின் வாசகர்களுக்கு நுண்ண்ணுணர்வு இருப்பதில்லை. அவர்களின் விசுவாசம் அவர்களை ஐம்புலன்களும் முற்றாக மூடப்பட்டவர்களாக ஆக்கியிருக்கும்.

      Metamodern ironesty behaviour in fiction readers

    2. கட்டுரைநூல்களில் அந்நூலாசிரியர் உருவாக்க எண்ணும் கருத்துக்கு தேவையானவை மட்டுமே சொல்லப்பட்டிருக்கும். புனைவு அப்படிச் செயல்பட முடியாது.அதில் முக்கியமானவை என ஏதும் இல்லை. ஒரு சூழலைச் சொல்ல, ஒர் உணர்வைச் சொல்ல அது ‘எல்லாவற்றையும்’ சொல்லித்தான் ஆகவேண்டும். ஆசிரியர் அந்தக் கற்பனைக்குள் செல்லும்போது தன்னிச்சையாக எல்லாமே உள்ளே வந்து பதிவாகும். உணர்வுகள் இயல்பாகவே வந்து நிறையும். ஆகவே சின்னவிஷயங்கள், விளிம்புவிஷயங்கள், எதிர்மறை அம்சங்கள் எல்லாம் புனைவில் நிறைந்திருக்கும். ஆசிரியன் பொருட்படுத்துவன மட்டுமல்ல அவனால் பொருட்படுத்தாதவை கூட புனைவில் இருக்கும்.

      Reading Fiction is hyper-self-reflexivity

    3. அவருக்கென இருப்பது அவருடைய அனுபவங்கள் மட்டுமே. அந்த அக- புற அனுபவங்களில் இருந்து அவர் நேரடியாக அடைவனவே அவருக்குரியவை. அவற்றை அளவுகோலாகக் கொண்டுதான் அவர் எல்லாவற்றையும் மதிப்பிட்டு தனக்கான முடிவுகளை அடையமுடியும். அத்தனைபேரும் இயல்பாகச் செய்வது அதைத்தான். ஆனால் எவராக இருந்தாலும் ஒருவரின் அனுபவம் என்பது மிகமிக எல்லைக்குட்பட்டது. அதைக்கொண்டு அனைத்தையும் புரிந்துகொள்ளுமளவுக்கு ஆழ்ந்த அறிதல்களை அடையமுடியாது. அதற்குத்தான் புனைவுகளை வாசிப்பது உதவுகிறது.அவை நாம் அடைந்த அனுபவங்களை கற்பனையில் விரிவாக மீண்டும் அனுபவிக்க உதவுகின்றன. உதாரணமாக, நான் குமரிமாவட்ட வாழ்க்கையையும் தர்மபுரி மாவட்ட வாழ்க்கையையும் மட்டுமே அறிந்தவன். ஆனால் தேவிபாரதியின் நாவல்கள் வழியாக என்னால் ஈரோடு மாவட்ட வாழ்க்கைக்குள் செல்லமுடியும். கண்மணி குணசேகரன் வழியாக விழுப்புரம் வட்டார வாழ்க்கைக்குள் செல்லமுடியும். கீரனூர் ஜாகீர்ராஜா வழியாக இஸ்லாமிய வாழ்க்கைக்குள்ச் செல்லமுடியும். புனைவுகளினூடாக தமிழகம் முழுக்க வாழ்ந்த அனுபவத்தை நான் அடையமுடியும். அவ்வாசிப்பு எனக்கு உண்மையில் வாழ்ந்த அனுபவத்துக்கு நிகரான அறிதல்களை அளிக்கமுடியும்.

      Fiction extends limits of my internal and external experience

    4. புனைவிலக்கியத்தை வாசிப்பவர் புனைவை அது என்ன என்று தெரிந்து, அதன் நுட்பங்களை உணர்ந்து, அறியும் திறமைகொள்கிறார். புனைவிலக்கியத்தை வாசிக்காதவர் அவரை அறியாமலேயே புனைவை விழுங்கி உள்ளத்தில் நிறைத்துக்கொண்டிருக்கிறார்.

      Practice and Preaching difference in human beings

      • even in #my/wellwisher s
      • Reality or existence is even fictional for a mature fictional reader as there is no absolute reality for our spirit
      • Relative reality is realized by conscious 5 senses and thus creates ethics, rules, etc. for the existence of human life
    5. மனிதர்கள் சிந்தனைகளால் வாழ்வதில்லை, உணர்ச்சிகளால்தான் வாழ்கிறார்கள். அரசியலையும் அன்றாடவாழ்க்கையையும் வணிகத்தையுமேகூட உணர்ச்சிகளே தீர்மானிக்கின்றன. புனைவிலக்கியவாசிப்பே இல்லாதவர்கள் வெறுமே கருத்துக்களையாக கக்கிக்கொண்டிருப்பதை, அக்கருத்துக்களின் அடிப்படையில் எல்லாவற்றையும் எளிமையாக்கி புரிந்துகொள்வதை காணலாம். அவர்களால் தங்கள் உணர்வுகளை, பிறர் உணர்வுகளை, சமூக உணர்வுகளை புரிந்துகொள்ள முடியாது. இது அவர்களுக்கு ஒரு மூர்க்கமான அணுகுமுறையை, ஒருவகையான பிடிவாதத்தை உருவாக்கிவிட்டிருக்கும்

      jeyamohan on non-literary common humans

      புனைவிலக்கியம் வாசிக்காதவர்களால் மானுட உணர்ச்சிகளை புரிந்துகொள்ள முடியாது.

    6. ஒருவர் நவீன இலக்கியம் வாசிக்காதவராக இருக்கலாம். ஆனால் அவர் ஒரு சமூகத்தில் பிறந்து, ஒரு மொழியில் வாழும்போதே கதைகளாக அந்த நினைவுத்தொகுதி அவரை வந்தடைந்துவிடுகிறது. அதுவே அவருடைய உள்ளத்தை உருவாக்குகிறது. அவர் சிந்திப்பதும் கனவுகாண்பதுமெல்லாம் அதைக்கொண்டுதான். சாமானியர்களுக்கு அது ஓர் எல்லையில் நின்றுவிடுகிறது. இலக்கிய வாசிப்பு என்பது அதை தொடர்ந்து பயின்றுகொண்டே இருப்பது. அவ்வளவுதான் வேறுபாடு,

      Fiction makes human (my) Personality

    1. சிரித்த முகத்துடன் பக்கத்தில் உட்காரச் சொன்னார். “இவ்வளவு குறைந்த வயதாயிருக்கும் என்று எதிர்பார்க்கவில்லை” என்றார். நான் பதற்றத்துடனேயே இருந்தேன். பெங்களூர் செல்லும் ரயில் வர இன்னும் இரண்டு மணி நேரத்துக்கு மேலிருப்பதாகவும், ரயில்வே ஸ்டேஷனில் அமர்ந்திருப்பது பிடிக்குமென்றும், அதனாலேயே அறையைக் காலிசெய்துவிட்டு அங்கு வந்துவிட்டதாகவும் சொன்னார்

      raliway station lover

    2. இனம்புரியா உணர்வுகள் ஒன்றையொன்று மேவிய மனநிலையோடு சென்று அவரைப் பார்த்தேன்.

      மேவிய மனநிலை | metapsyche

    1. I use pastiche to mean artworks that combine stylistic elements from differing genres. Like, say, combining country music and hip-hop in the same song. In postmodern work, that sort of pastiche serves to poke fun at each genre, by pitting the two genres against each other. I use the term destructive pastiche for that. In metamodern / constructive pastiche, it serves to sort of create a “bigger space” where the two (or more) genres kind of lean against each other like tent poles, holding up a structure that allows a kind of feeling that wouldn’t otherwise be expressible.”

      Constructive pastiche | கதம்பாக்கம் | கதம்ப கட்டுமானம்

    2. You may have heard about the term before, which trended in 2013. Normcore is a deliberate effort by people with non-mainstream styles to adopt the fashion style of what they deem “normal” people, mainly in the form of wearing basic closing. So what’s metamodern about this trend? Well, normcore is all about overcoming external differences to better connect on a deeper level. When Jimmy Fallon stated that he decided to wear suits when he took over The Tonight Show because that would be the normal thing to do, it was a deeply metamodern thing to do. Not modern (“wear something new!”), nor postmodern (“who cares!”) but metamodern (“mainstream fashion is a fashion statement”).

      உள்ளகவியல்பு | உள் அக இயல்பு | Normcore

      • Ramanar metamodern saying
      • அமைதியாய் இரு
    3. I find the simple association of metamodernism with the Age of the Internet quite limited. Instead, I think metamodernism would be better associated with the Age of the Online Creator.
      • as I create my knowledge (exploration) base in Obsidian
    1. And there are platforms, such as Chitthi Exchange (on Instagram) and Letters to Strangers (India), that are helping people find pen pals.

      To find my pen pals

  3. Dec 2021
    1. இதற்கு அப்பால் மிகச்சிலர் என்னுடைய கருத்துக்களுடன் முரண்பட்டு என் படைப்புக்களில் ஈடுபாடு கொண்டு வாசிப்பவர்களாக இருக்கிறார்கள். எவ்வாறு என இலக்கியம் எப்படி எழுதப்படுகிறதென தெரிந்துகொண்டால் அது உங்களுக்குப் புரியும். இலக்கியப் படைப்பில் ஒரு படைப்பாளி முன்வைப்பது அவன் கற்று, தெளிந்து ஏற்றுக்கொண்டவற்றை அல்ல. அவனுடைய திட்டவட்டமான நிலைபாட்டை அல்ல. இலக்கியப்படைப்பு என்பது ஒருவகை கனவு என எடுத்துக்கொள்ளுங்கள். மொழியில் நிகழும் ஒரு கனவு. ஒரு படைப்பு என்பது அந்த எழுத்தாளன் மொழிவழியாக கண்ட ஒரு கனவு. நம் கனவு நம் கட்டுப்பாட்டில் இல்லை அல்லவா? நாம் நினைப்பதே நம் கனவில் இருக்கவேண்டும் என்பதில்லை அல்லவா? எழுத்தாளன் எல்லாரையும்போல ஒரு அன்றாட உள்ளம் கொண்டவன். அவனுக்கு பல கருத்துக்கள் இருக்கும். அவை அவன் தன் வாழ்க்கையிலிருந்து பெற்றுக்கொண்டவையாக இருக்கும். அவனுக்கான ஓர் அரசியலும் இருக்கலாம். ஆனால் அவன் எழுதுபவை அப்படியே அந்த கருத்துக்களை வெளிப்படுத்துபவை அல்ல. சிலசமயம் நேர்மாறாகவும் இருக்கலாம். அவனே அறியாத நுட்பங்கள் அதில் வெளிப்படலாம். ஆகவே எழுத்தை எழுத்தாளனிடமிருந்து பிரித்தே பார்க்கவேண்டும். எழுத்து தன்னளவில் முழுமையான ஒன்று.

      My personality and writings will be different

      • whenever i teach, i am different than before I start
      • whenever I write or think, My dream and heritage writes me
    1. அந்தியூர் மணி. அவரும் ஈரோடு கிருஷ்ணனும் இன்னும் சிலரும் மிக வலுவாகப் பரிந்துரை செய்த நூல் தேவிபாரதியின் நீர்வழிப்படூம்.  நீர்வழிப்படூஉம் புணைபோல் ஆருயிர் முறைவழிப்படூஉம் என்பது புறநாநூற்று வரி. நீரில் ஒழுகிச்செல்லும் தெப்பம்போல் வாழ்க்கை அதன் வகுக்கப்பட்ட பாதையில் செல்கிறது என்று பொருள். ஒரு கிராமத்து நாவிதரின் வாழ்க்கையைச் சொல்லும் இந்நாவல் இருத்தலியல் நோக்கிலும் ஆழமாக வாசிக்கத்தக்கது என்றார்கள்.

      destiny of my life

    1. Evaluating poetry by heritage

      தண்ணீரும் காவிரியே தார்வேந்தன் சோழனே மண்ணாவ துஞ்சோழ மண்டலமே - பெண்ணாவாள் அம்பொற் சிலம்பி யரவிந்தத் தாளணியுஞ் செம்பொற் சிலம்பே சிலம்பு.

      பொருள் :-

      வற்றாதது காவிரி ஆறு. சோழமன்னனே மன்னருள் சிறந்தோன். சோழநாடே நிலவளம் மிகுந்தது. அம்பர் என்னும் கிராமத்தில் வாழும் சிலம்பியே பெண் என்று சொல்லத்தக்கவள் ஆவாள்.

    1. NEET does not test qualities that a doctor must possess such as compassion, empathy and passion to serve humanity. Accordingly hardly any doctor is willing to serve in rural areas. NEET toppers won’t necessarily make good doctors.
      • why dont they implement ethics syllabus (like GS4 of UPSC) in NEET entrance, even in PG also ?
      • a doctor (who is saving life) more than civil servant (protecting lives) needs moral ethics
    1. Record your energy levels every hour on the hour. Make some kind of chart (using Excel, a Google doc, or a scratch pad) and set an alarm on your phone or calendar program to ding you every hour. You can come up with your own system. Maybe a 1-10 scale in which 1 is nearly dead (“dragging your sorry body out of bed” kind of dead) and 10 is Superman energy (ready to leap tall buildings in a single bound).
      • [[🔌 Emotion Picker plugin]]
      • [[Label Emotions]]
      • progress:: <progress value="4" max="10"> </progress>
      • ⭐⭐⭐⭐
    2. Calculate Your Biological Prime Time  During the day, your energy fluctuates. This fluctuation is impacted by what you eat and when, how much caffeine or sugar you consume, how tired you are, how hard you work, what type of work you’re doing, how much you’re using your physical body, and a whole lot more. Sam Carpenter, in his book Work the System, coined the phrase “biological prime time.” He suggests charting our energy during the day for a few weeks. And not just noting your energy highs and lows between six a.m. and nine p.m. You want to jot down your peak times of focus and lack thereof as well as those bursts of motivation. You’d want to note when you exercise and for how long, what times you wake up and go to sleep. Basically you keep a journal with the emphasis on energy and concentration. Think about trying this.

      Biological Prime Time

      • I am trying do this already before through yaml and tags in my daily journal
    1. Unbridled creativity There is something incredibly liberating in the process of just writing. For our comparatively chaotic pantsers, nothing unlocks the true power of creativity than sitting down to a session of freewriting. Sitting back and letting creativity take the reins is a great way to focus on the art of writing as opposed to just storytelling. Of course, being able to tell a compelling story is fundamentally important to writing a novel, but it’s not the only component to success. Through freewriting, the pantser develops a strong respect for the writing process itself, with some considering the exercise to be like ‘yoga for the mind’.

      Freewriting - yoga for mind

    2. Plotting is not for the faint-hearted, particularly if you’re working in a complex genre like crime or fantasy, and/or planning to write a series.
    3. Crafting characters with believable faults, clear motivations and fleshed-out backstories is integral to holding a reader’s interest throughout the length of a narrative.
    4. a ‘pantser’ – whose moniker comes from the phrase to fly by the seat of your pants – will start writing and see what happens.
      • எழுத்து மீட்டுருவாக்கம் [[@Jeyamohan#ஜெயமோகன் on fiction writing புனைவுக்கும் சிந்தனைக்குமான வேறுபாடு]]
    5. novel-writing process tends to follow one of two patterns: plotting or pantsing.
    1. As well as enhancing the reader’s experience, a map is a simple tool for a writer to use when planning, writing and editing their story. It’s a great world-building tool, helping you get a basic grasp of your world’s geography and how its environments can affect characters and their journeys. You can keep your map beside you as a reference while you plan your character’s journey and the obstacles or challenges they may encounter. Having a visual aid like this can help you keep ideas together in one focused area, rather than having to search through a mountain of notes.
      • [[Venmurasu MOC]]
      • I can build fictional india map for venmurasu using cartography3d software and [[🔌 obsidian leaflet plugin]] obsidian://show-plugin?id=obsidian-leaflet-plugin
    1. half of the calories you consume can be burned off simply by fidgeting

      [[+ Stomach Breathing Body movements-DrRaja#Repetitive Strain Injury]]

    1. Among the oldest surviving scholarly works in neurosurgery is the so-called ‘Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus’(Breasted, 1930)
      • DId Susrutha surgical expertise bear lterary evidence for neurosurgery ?

    Tags

    Annotators

    1. You can’t show up on Meru and start up the thing unless you have years and years of experience. Climbing and spending time on the mountains is really the only way you can train

      Mount Meru

      • known as shark's fin
    1. city of Arequipa has a significant number of buildings constructed with sillar, resulting in the nickname la ciudad blanca ("the white city").[5]
      • legal capital of Peru
      • Misti stratovolcano
      • my fictitious city like tiruvannamalai will have white buildings made with sillar
    1. Amendments to marriage age contradict other laws
      • CONFLICT in legal age ∨ marriage age
      • [[Why age of 18 is (not) age of free will]]
      • 18 வயது நிரம்பியவனின் மனத்தவிப்பு அல்லது சமூக பாரம் அல்லது கட்டவிழ்த்தல்
      • பெற்றோரின் குடும்ப சமூக பொருளாதார நிர்பந்தங்கள்
    1. Modern courts insist that a case being discussed must be seen in isolation, and not contaminated by other pending cases. For the crime of murder, it does not matter if the killer is a king or a beggar, if he is kind or cruel. But in the dharma discourse, all contexts have to be considered. The focus must be balanced with perspective. The king is reminded constantly that he has no role in natural conflicts, only in cultural ones. Arjuna is asked to behave with greater grace than an entitled brat.

      difference between justice and dharma

    2. In a crime, the victim accuses the villain. But when the villain counter-accuses the victim, and insists the victim is villain too, we call it ‘whataboutery.’

      whataboutery dharma-sankat தர்மசங்கடம்

      • moral ambiguity to who is right and who is wrong

        shows that victims in one context can be villains in another.

      • neologism word used in #20thcentury/later 1900s/1970s
      • context of violence in Northern Ireland.
      • விக்ரம் வேதா
      • system சரி இல்லை
    3. Justice and equality are hegemonic ideas today. Secularism is conditioned to see them as good and decent and right. This is why it feels rational when we challenge oppressors. We accuse the privileged and the elite of injustice and unfairness. When they push back, with counter accusations, we see it as whataboutery.
    1. Good history comes from a combination of sources: in this case, private papers ranging from Lord Curzon’s letters to the diary of a royal tutor; from archival records in Delhi and London, not to speak of parliamentary papers; art, and not just paintings by Ravi Varma, to understand how princes projected themselves; newspaper records, which contain debates and ‘live’ commentary; scholarly material on connected themes; and, of course, anecdotal information from biographies and memoirs, which add texture.

      sources for Anecdotal writing to history fiction

    1. இன்று ஒருவர் என் பதிப்பை அடியொற்றிக் ‘கு.ப.ரா. கதைகள்’ என்னும் மின்னூலை உருவாக்கி இணையத்தில் இலவசமாக வழங்குகிறார். ஓரிரு நாளுக்குப் பிறகு விலை வைத்து விற்கக்கூடும். என் பதிப்புரை, முன்னுரைகளை நீக்கிவிட்டுக் க.நா.சு., ந.பிச்சமூர்த்தி ஆகியோர் கட்டுரைகளைச் சேர்த்திருக்கிறார். நூலின் அட்டையைப் போலி செய்திருக்கிறார். கதைகளின் மூலபாடமும் காலவரிசையும் என் பதிப்பில் உள்ளவையே. இரண்டு ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன்னால் நண்பர் கல்யாணராமன் வழியாகக் கண்டடைந்த கு.ப.ரா.வின் ‘வேறு நினைப்பு’ என்னும் புதிய கதை ஒன்றைக் காலச்சுவடு இதழில் வெளியிட்டேன். அக்கதையையும் எடுத்துச் சேர்த்துக் கொண்டார். என் பதிப்புக்கும் காலச்சுவடுக்கும் நன்றி தெரிவித்துள்ளார். இதை ‘அறிவுத் திருட்டு’ என்று நான் கருதுகிறேன்

      plagiarism in Tamil literature

    1. Theories of reference for the words that sentences contain need to make sense of this fact. The upshot is that the philosophy of belief is inextricably intertwined with the philosophy of language.

      Meta-ethics - believing words in writing sentences

  4. Nov 2021
    1. தத்துவ அறிஞன் கலைஞன் என்றால் வரும் காலம் அவனை கண்டுகொள்ளும் என்ற நிச்சயம் ஏது, இவ்வாறான கேள்விகள் மூலம் அனைத்தையும் விலக்கி ஏதுமில்லா வெளியில் இருந்துகொண்டிருந்தேன். பின்பு ஓரிடத்தில் ரமண மஹரிஷியின் ஒரு மேற்கோள் படித்தேன்- “How do you treat others?” “There are no others” அனைத்துமாதல் என்பது எவ்வளவு மகத்தானது. முன்பு நீங்கள் சொன்ன ஒரு கதை நினைவுக்கு வந்தது. தன் வயலின் மேல் ஒரு கொக்கு அமர்ந்த போது உடல் விதிர்த்த விவசாயி அந்த வயலாகவும் கொக்காகவும் கூட இருக்கிறான். அனைத்தையும் தானாக்கி தன்னை அனைத்துமாக்கி என்றுமிருத்தலே விடை. வெண்முரசு என்றும் இருக்கும். அதை இயற்றியதால் நீங்களும்வாசிப்பதால் நானும் கூட.நன்றி.

      learning philosophy purpose

    1. தண்ணீர் பெறாஅத் தடுமாற் றருந்துயரம் கண்ணீர் நனைக்கும் கடுமைய காடு (கலித்தொகை– 6 : 5-6)

      =! biologist hate to shed tears to avoid thirst

      - தண்ணீர் வேட்கைக்கான துயரை கண்ணீர் விட்டு ஆற்றியபடி மனிதர்கள் பயணிக்கும் பாலை வெளி போலும் ஓர் வாழ்வு.

    1. Ivan—the intellectual Karamazov—stages a “rebellion” in which he renounces the world of God.

      Even i am renouncing till now with extrospective arguments

    1. Students are also going through trauma. That will go under the mental health issues. The three deaths of students. We are still in a pandemic. Not to mention Tabor walking on campus and scolding us and telling us what we are doing wrong that could also be traumatic or very entertaining. Not only should we do the pass fail thing. But we should have better security. We should have better police. We should also have therapy sessions that deal with traumatic things that have been happening to us. Not only would just make us better students. This would make a better safe campus. And a lot of things have been going on in this fall semester. You know I’m still working on myself. It should not only be pass fail it should be we should work on campus as a whole.

    1. I can't blame you. This problem seems anything but a newbie question! I was surprised when I noticed that this post (which was the only post I could find about trying to use chromedriver with flatpak chromium) in the linux4noobs forum. I've been using Linux as my primary desktop for ~15 years and this problem has stumped me too.
    2. I'm having this problem too. Trying to use chromedriver with com.github.Eloston.UngoogledChromium (also tried org.chromium.Chromium) on Pop!_OS and selenium/webdriver (I'm using it with Ruby/capybara).This was the only post I could find (so far) about using chromedriver with a flatpak chrome/chromium... I wish someone would answer how or if this is possible.I created a chrome wrapper script that launches the flatpak, so that I could point to the script as my binary location. Did you do the same?It manages to open a window but the window is empty, and it just hangs for a hwile, and then eventually fails with:unknown error: DevToolsActivePort file doesn't exist (Selenium::WebDriver::Error::UnknownError) Any ideas how to get it working? I'd rather not install the "official" (proprietary software) Chrome binary on my system.Like you said, I never had any problems back in the good old days when we had deb packages for chromium. But now that we have to use a flatpak, I wonder if that's what the problem is — maybe chromedriver can't communicate directly with the chrome process because it is isolated/containerized??
    3. As soon as I installed a Chrome deb everything worked.sudo dpkg -i \~/Downloads/google-chrome-stable\_current\_amd64.deb It's unfortunate that that's the only way I could get it to work.
  5. Oct 2021
    1. சமணர்கள் இப்பிரபஞ்சம், இந்த பூமி, தேவர்கள், தெய்வங்கள், உயிர்க்குலங்கள், மனிதர்கள் ஆகியவற்றை பல்வேறு வளையங்களாக உருவகிக்கிறார்கள். அதன் மையம் மேரு என்னும் பொன்மலை. அங்கே ஆதிநாதர் அமர்ந்திருக்கிறார்.
      • info about jainism philosophy on universe
      • my fiction work Meru notes
    1. இஸ்லாமியர் உட்ப இவர்கள் அனைவருமே காளியை வழிபட்டு பலிகொடுத்தபின் கொள்ளைக்குச் செல்பவர்கள். காளிவழிபாடு இவர்களின் குற்றவுணர்ச்சியை இல்லாமலாக்கியது. ஆகவே ஈவிரக்கமில்லாத கொலைகாரர்களாக ஆனார்கள்.

      இவர்கள் கொள்ளை அடிக்க வரும்போது நாம் வீட்டில் காளியை வழிபட்டால் ஒரே வழிபாட்டின் பக்தன் என்ற முறையில் கொள்ளாமல் விட்டுவிடலாம்

    1. The breakdown of water involves a rearrangement of the atoms in water molecules into different molecules,

      Why would hydrogen and oxygen need to be separated for?

    1. DIRECTORY (in progress): This post is my directory. This post will be tagged with all tags I ever use (in chronological order). It allows people to see all my tags, not just the top 50. Additionally, this allows me to keep track. I plan on sorting tags in categories in reply to this comment.

      External links:

      Tags categories will be posted in comments of this post.

  6. Sep 2021
    1. Best demonstration: glue PVC inside an ABS hub or vice-versa. Cut through the two with a mitre saw and make a nice, clean cut. Look at all the voids where the plastics didn't glue together.
    1. The only trace left of Anna, a freshman at the University of Berkeley California, is an open internet connection in her neatly furnished dorm room. Join the four generations of a Japanese-American family as they search for Anna and discover credit card conspiracies, ancient family truths, waterfalls that pour out of televisions, and the terrifying power of the internet.

  7. Jul 2021
    1. Sure, the slow way is always "good enough" — until you learn a better way of doing things. By your logic, then, we shouldn't have the option of including "Move to" in our context menus either — because any move operation could be performed using the cut and paste operations instead? The method you proposed is 6-7 steps long, with step 4 being the most onerous when you're in a hurry: Select files "Cut" "Create New Folder" Think of a name for the new folder. Manually type in that name, without any help from the tool. (We can't even use copy and paste to copy some part of one of the file names, for example, because the clipboard buffer is already being used for the file selection.) Press Enter Press Enter again to enter the new folder (or use "Paste Into Folder") "Paste" The method that Nautilus (and apparently Mac's Finder) provides (which I and others love) is much more efficient, especially because it makes step 4 above optional by providing a default name based on the selection, coming in at 4-5 steps (would be 3 steps if we could assign a keyboard shortcut to this command like Mac apparently has ): Select files Bring up context menu (a direct shortcut key would make this even sweeter) Choose "New Folder With Selection" Either accept the default name or choose a different name (optional) Press Enter Assuming "Sort folders before files" option is unchecked, you can continue working/sorting in this outer folder, right where you left off: Can you see how this method might be preferable when you have a folder with 100s or 1000s of files you want to organize it into subfolders? Especially when there is already a common filename prefix (such as a date) that you can use to group related files together. And since Nemo kindly allows us to choose which commands to include in our context menu, those who don't use/like this workflow are free to exclude it from their menus... Having more than one way to accomplish something isn't necessarily a bad thing.
  8. Jun 2021
    1. git diff-index --name-status --relative --cached @ might be a bit easier to parse (and only includes staged files so you don't have to do an extra step to filter them). Also, I couldn't use git status --porcelain because my Rails app is in a sub-folder so I needed the list of files to be relative to the Rails root instead of relative to the git repo root (although git status in general seems to respect the --relative option, git status --porcelain seems to not).
    1. https://github.com/rycus86/githooks is a really option for managing hooks It is... safe (it uses an opt-in model, where it will ask for confirmation whether new or changed scripts should be run or not (or disabled)) configurable handles a lot of the details for you lets you keep your hooks nicely organized. For example:
    1. "In Colormute, Pollock(2004) makes specific suggestions for addressing the fear of talking about race: “In all conversations about race, I think, educators should be prepared to do three things:ask provocative questions, navigate predictable debates,and talkmore about talking”(p. 221, italics in original)"

    1. Same feature in TypeScript¶ It's worth mentioning that other languages have a shortcut for assignment var assignment directly from constructor parameters. So it seems especially painful that Ruby, despite being so beautifully elegant and succinct in other areas, still has no such shortcut for this. One of those other languages (CoffeeScript) is dead now, but TypeScript remains very much alive and allows you to write this (REPL): class Foo { constructor(public a:number, public b:number, private c:number) { } } instead of this boilerplate: class Foo { constructor(a, b, c) { this.a = a; this.b = b; this.c = c; } } (The public/private access modifiers actually disappear in the transpiled JavaScript code because it's only the TypeScript compiler that enforces those access modifiers, and it does so at compile time rather than at run time.) Further reading: https://www.typescriptlang.org/docs/handbook/2/classes.html#parameter-properties https://basarat.gitbook.io/typescript/future-javascript/classes#define-using-constructor https://kendaleiv.com/typescript-constructor-assignment-public-and-private-keywords/ I actually wouldn't mind being able to use public/private modifiers on instance var parameters in Ruby, too, but if we did, I would suggest making that be an additional optional shortcut (for defining accessor methods for those instance vars) that builds on top of the instance var assignment parameter syntax described here. (See more detailed proposal in #__.) Accessors are more of a secondary concern to me: we can already define accessors pretty succinctly with attr_accessor and friends. The bigger pain point that I'm much more interested in having a succinct shortcut for is instance var assignment in constructors. initialize(@a, @b, @c) syntax¶ jsc (Justin Collins) wrote in #note-12: jjyr (Jinyang Jiang) wrote: I am surprised this syntax has been repeatedly requested and rejected since 7 years ago. ... As someone who has been writing Ruby for over 10 years, this syntax is exactly that I would like. I grow really tired of writing def initialize(a, b, c) @a = a @b = b @c = c end This would be perfect: def initialize(@a, @b, @c) end I'm a little bit sad Matz is against this syntax, as it seems so natural to me. Me too!! I've been writing Ruby for over 15 years, and this syntax seems like the most obvious, simple, natural, clear, unsurprising, and Ruby-like. I believe it would be readily understood by any Rubyist without any explanation required. Even if you saw it for the first time, I can't think of any way you could miss or misinterpret its meaning: since @a is in the same position as a local variable a would normally be, it seems abundantly clear that instead of assigning to a local variable, we're just assigning to the variable @a instead and of course you can reference the @a variable in the constructor body, too, exactly the same as you could with a local variable a passed as an argument. A workaround pattern¶ In the meantime, I've taken to defining my constructor and list of public accessors (if any) like this: attr_reader \ :a, :b def new( a, b) @a, @b = a, b end ... which is still horrendously boilerplatey and ugly, and probably most of you will hate — but by lining up the duplicated symbols into a table of columns, I like that I can at least more easily see the ugly duplication and cross-check that I've spelled them all correctly and handled them all consistently. :shrug: Please??¶ Almost every time I write a new class in Ruby, I wish for this feature and wonder if we'll ever get it. Can we please?
    1. Thanks, this was just what I was looking for! This is a perfect appropriate use of instance_eval. I do not understand the nay-sayers. If you already have your array in a variable, then sure, a.reduce(:+) / a.size.to_f is pretty reasonable. But if you want to "in line" find the mean of an array literal or an array that is returned from a function/expression — without duplicating the entire expression ([0,4,8].reduce(:+) / [0,4,8].length.to_f, for example, is abhorrent) or being required to assign to a local, then instance_eval option is a beautiful, elegant, idiomatic solution!!
    2. instance_eval is analogous to using tap, yield_self, … when you are dealing with a chain of method calls: do use it whenever it's appropriate and helpful! And in this case, I absolutely believe that it is.
  9. Apr 2021
    1. What a convenient little elision for the Valley, the seat of real power. They’re not the repressive force; opposing them is. All they want is to let us be as free as when we were kids.

    1. Close all office applications on your computer to repair outlook. Go to the Start icon on your desktop’s taskbar and open control panel. Select Category view and go to the programs section to fix why won't my outlook open. Select uninstall program next and right-click Microsoft Office. Now choose Change and select Online Repair or Repair. Select Yes if a user account control prompt appears. Restart Outlook to finish the process and check if your Outlook is working fine.

      For more details: Outlook not Working

  10. Mar 2021
    1. Essentially we're trying to figure out when it's appropriate for "my" code to become "everyones" code, and if there are steps in between. ("Standard library", for example.)
    1. // A general key transform method. Pass it a function that accepts the old key and returns // the new key. // // @example // obj = transformKeys(obj, (key) => ( // key.replace(/\b(big)\b/g, 'little') // )) export function transformKeys(source, f) { return Object.entries(source).reduce((o, [key, value]) => { o[f(key) || key] = value return o }, {}) } // Provide an object that maps from old key to new key export function rekeyObject(source, keyMap) { transformKeys(source, key => keyMap[key]) }
    1. Maa ngiy waxtaan ak sama xarit.

      Je parle avec mon ami.

      (Note: it says "walking with" but should say "talking with" -- might've been fixed by the time you read this!)

      maa -- me.

      ngiy -- I am.

      waxtaan v. -- conversation, chat, interview. 💬

      ak -- and, with.

      sama -- my.

      xarit bi -- part of a split set; friend. 👯

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQiWG98Bsys

    2. Sama nijaay aj na ñaari yoon.

      Mon oncle a effectué deux fois le pèlerinage à La Mecque.

      sama -- my.

      nijaay ji n. -- maternal uncle; term of reference and address to designate the husband, in conservative circles.

      aj (Arabic) v. -- make the pilgrimage to Mecca. 🕋; deceased ☠️ (for a religious personality).

      na -- he (?).

      ñaar+i (ñaar) -- twice; two. 2️⃣

      yoon wi n. -- lane, path, track 🛤; law, regulation, legislation; times.

  11. Feb 2021
    1. You can utilize the ‘Where’s my Refund?’ tool on TurboTax to track your refund. When you open Where’s My Refund tool, three separate boxes will display on your screen – one for your filing status, one for your refund amount, and last one for your Social Security Number. You have to enter the asked details, and when you finish entering them, click on Submit to see your status of refund. This can be done for TurboTax Login Track My Refund.

    1. There are possible two ways to TurboTax login track my refund process. However, direct deposit seems to be the best option. Direct Deposit E-files is the quickest way to get your federal tax refund. According to IRS, 9 out of 10 e-filed tax returns with direct deposit will be processed within 21 days of IRS e-file acceptance. The second option involves mailing papers, but it takes a lot of time in processing that.

  12. Jan 2021
  13. Dec 2020
  14. Nov 2020
    1. About auto-close bots... I can appreciate the need for issue grooming, but surely there must a better way about it than letting an issue or PR's fate be semi-permanently decided and auto-closed by an unknowing bot. Should I be periodically pushing up no-op commits or adding useless "bump" comments in order to keep that from happening? I know the maintainers are busy people, and that it can take a long time to work through and review 100s of open issues and PRs, so out of respect to them, I was just taking a "be patient; they'll get to it when they get to it" approach. Sometimes an issue is not so much "stale" as it is unnoticed, forgotten about, or consciously deferred for later. So if anything, after a certain length of time, if a maintainer still hasn't reviewed/merged/accepted/rejected a pull request, then perhaps it should instead be auto-bumped, put on top of the queue, to remind them that they (preferably a human) still need to review it and make a decision about its fate... :)
  15. Oct 2020
  16. Sep 2020
    1. If you are facing Google Chrome not downloading issues, then check for the internet connection and device compatibility. After installation, you can reset Google Chrome and make Chrome my default browser. Follow the steps to download and install Chrome browser; also you can follow the same process to fix Chrome won’t update.

    1. The dynamic routes are a great way to keep the routing.rb DRY and avoid unneeded dependencies between the routing and the controller files That is exactly the problem: I've already defined the (white)list of actions in the controller; I just want to make them all available via routes. I shouldn't have to repeat myself in the routes file.