31 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. all creatures have indexes which are 00:05:21 physical connections between form and meanings so footprints are physical index of smells our physical index is smoke is a physical index of fire those 00:05:32 are recognized by every living creature icons are intentional and they're non arbitrary their physical resemblances so a painting is an icon a sculpture is an 00:05:45 icon they show the ability to represent something based on physical resemblance not physical connection and then finally the most complicated is a symbol which has a form and a meaning but more than 00:06:00 that I won't go into all the details but symbols are actually fairly complex but the most important thing to remember on a symbol is they arise by convention by culture they don't arise any other way 00:06:13 also duality of patterning that just means that we take meaningless items to make meaningful items so take CA TS I'll go into this Katz and English C means 00:06:25 nothing a means nothing T means nothing s means nothing Katz mean something so the ability to take things that don't mean anything make things that do mean something such as cymbals this is a crucial component 00:06:38 of language and I'm not the one who discovered that that's been known for a while compositionality is the ability to put things together and make larger meanings so the and boy and big and ran can go 00:06:53 together to get the big boy ran so so these are very important parts and there are different kinds of grammars

      !- chart : basic definitions of language - begins with animal world and extends into human

  2. Jul 2022
    1. though personwareis intrinsic to being a complete person it can be continuously modified, evolve or otherwise developed([5 ]: p. 201). More importantly, it can, to a significant extent, at least theoretically, be dynamicallygoverned and authored by the human individual. Hence, the human takeover.

      !- definition : human takeover * The ability for an individual to dynamically govern and author one's own personware. * The takeover gives us agency, rather than victimhood * the takeover can be triggered through realization of the difference between the thought sans image state and the conditioning into the symbolosphere

      !- question : spiritual enlightenment and personware * An interesting question is: "How does enlightenment impact the personware? " * Obviously, enlightenment cannot be an act of removing the personware. Language once learned cannot simply be meditated away. * Does the act of enlightenment then make the personware dramatically known to the individual as if it were indeed like a suit that we are wearing and not our fundamental nature? * Does enlightenment allow us to get more in contact with the prelinguistic and prepersonal

    2. However, since this pre-linguistic, pre-iconicthinking sans image, as discussed above, has no definite contour nor contents yet, it does not come withconsolidated mental forms representing such prospective desires in a manner that could be examined,processed and acted upon.

      !- in other words : thought sans image * pre-linguistic, pre-iconic - Gyuri Lajos would call "tacit awareness"

      !- reference : Gyuri Lajos * tacit awareness

  3. Jun 2022
    1. we see by learning to see. The brain evolved the mechanisms for finding patterns, finding relationships in information, 00:04:38 and associating those relationships with a behavioral meaning, a significance, by interacting with the world. We're very aware of this in the form of more cognitive attributes, like language. I'm going to give you some letter strings, and I want you to read them out for me, if you can. Audience: "Can you read this?" "You are not reading this." "What are you reading?" Beau Lotto: "What are you reading?" Half the letters are missing, right? 00:05:04 There's no a priori reason why an "H" has to go between that "W" and "A." But you put one there. Why? Because in the statistics of your past experience, it would have been useful to do so. So you do so again. And yet you don't put a letter after that first "T." Why? Because it wouldn't have been useful in the past. So you don't do it again.

      Being journey 3 Linguistic BEing journey - filling in missing letters in incomplete sentence is based on our past experience with specific sentences that have those letters. This becomes compelling when we can demonstrate with multiple languages, including ones we are not familiar with. Those people in the other cultures will fill in missing letters in their words in their language that we would be completely clueless about.

  4. Feb 2022
    1. Stephan Lewandowsky. (2022, January 15). This is an extremely important development. The main vector for misinformation are not fringe websites but “mainstream” politicians who inherit and adapt fringe material. So keeping track of their effect is crucial, and this is a very welcome first step by @_mohsen_m @DG_Rand 1/n [Tweet]. @STWorg. https://twitter.com/STWorg/status/1482265289022746628

  5. Nov 2021
  6. Feb 2021
  7. Jan 2021
  8. Jul 2020
  9. May 2020
  10. Dec 2019
  11. whokilledzebedee.wordpress.com whokilledzebedee.wordpress.com
    1. banns

      Bann: (n.) 1. An authoritative proclamation 2. A public proclamation or edict; a summons by public proclamation.

    2. to make love to her

      To make love: (v.) to pay amorous attention to; to court, woo.

    3. chimney-piece

      Chimney-piece: 1. (n.) a picture, piece of sculpture, or of tapestry, placed as an ornament over a fireplace. 2. (n.) an ornamental structure, usually of stone or marble, with moulding, carving, etc. over and around the open recess of a fireplace.

    4. footman

      Footman: (n.) an attendant or foot servant; spec. one employed to run ahead or alongside a coach, carriage, or (in early use) a rider of rank.

    5. surgeon

      Surgeon: (n.) in this sense, a general practitioner.

    6. goggle

      Goggle: (adj.), of the eye: protuberant, prominent, full and rolling

    7. Creole

      Linguistic. Creole: 1. (n.) a descendant of white European settlers (esp. Spanish or French) who is born in a colonized country 2. (n.) Any person of mixed ancestry born in a country previously colonized by white Europeans.

      Interpretive Deluc could be a white Creole or mixed race, according to 19th century racial conventions.

  12. Feb 2019
  13. Aug 2018
  14. Mar 2018
    1. ltngu1stte, visual, aural, gestural, and spatial-which they found could be

      In "Forty Years Later, the Golden Record Goes Vinyl" is an interesting article because it incorporates three of the five mutlimodal modes which are linguistic, visual, and aural. The Golden Record originally was not intended for human consumption but after several years later it was. The Golden Record was created in several different languages so that many people would be able to understand.

    1. "No culture has ever tried, self-consciously and scientifically, to design a symbol that would last 10,000 years and still be intelligible," said David B. Givens, an anthropologist who helps plan nuclear-site warnings (LATimes). "And even if we succeed, would the message be believed?"

      Conca brings in different media information. He brings in a second medium into the mix to try to reach the audience from a different point of view. It does use several modes like linguistic and gestural. He uses words that can be quite subjective like "believed" or "intelligible". And does leave a link to the other media, to connect issue of similar subject to another point of view.

    2. There are 4 four requirements that must be met to successfully send a message to the future: • message must survive (durable) • message must be found (in plain sight) • message must be understood (build in a Rosetta stone) • message must be believed (so the message must be comprehensive enough for it to be judged as true)

      Conca is showing that all forms of multimodal communication must be used to get the maximum effect for the maximum amount of time. The better organized it is for the reader to understand the message.

    3. These will be supported by "information in multiple languages in multiple media" to try to convey the potential danger

      Again showing the importance of linguistic modes of communication by presenting multiple languages on information it allows for a more significant chance that it will be understood by a larger demographic.

    4. The search for how to utter a crucial message through time involves many scholarly disciplines, including semiotics (the study of signs), linguistics, history and anthropology.  This last one is tricky. King Tut got it really wrong - both tomb raiders and archeologists didn’t believe his warnings of death.  The fourth point means the message we send to the future must include a great deal of information - much, much more than can be written on a granite monument.

      Showing signs of danger that are only prevalent in our time will not work. Conca is suggesting something further than what can written or what can be shown. The message has to present some aura around it to make it more intimidating when giving off cautions. This Aural mode of thinking can come from take elements from both visual and linguistic modes to create a more emphasis to the message someone is trying to portray.

    5. How will "STAY OUT!" be written 5,000 years from now? When we’ve had some kind of apocalypse, all society is gone, no one remembers America even existed, let alone how to read English. But we’re still drilling for oil.

      Conca brings a very interesting point to the matter, from the context of the article the reader knows that it's referring to the nuclear danger zones that people should not enter and have clear markings warning them. But Conca suggest that how will people understand the phrase and how will they interpret it? "STAY OUT!" can mean several things it could be someone's land or secured property by the government. Without the context of linguistic modal text ideas and message can be understood in a risky way.

  15. Jul 2017
  16. Jul 2016
    1. and the significance of choices among language uses.

      I'm reminded of something Shondel said in our Ed Linguistics seminar: choosing a register or dialect of speech is not like choosing a color of a car. There are serious identity-psychological implications of these choices.

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    Annotators

    1. what is the English-speaking world missing out on by not reading the content written in other languages

      Though he’s been associated with a very strange idea he never had, Edward Sapir was quite explicit about this loss over a hundred years ago. Thinking specifically about a later passage warning people about the glossocide English language. But it’s been clear in his work from long before that excerpt that we’re missing out when we focus on a single language.

    2. people who are not fluent in English

      In this case, it can apply to quite a few academics who are native speakers of one of the aforementioned “world languages”. Difficult to be a monolingual academic in an exclusively local language. Much easier as a French- or Mandarin-speaker to become an academic without learning much English. And speaking of monolinguals, there is a clear bias in tech towards monolingualism.

  17. Jun 2016
  18. screen.oxfordjournals.org screen.oxfordjournals.org
    1. my objective in The Order of Things1 had been toanalyse verbal clusters as discursive layers which fall outside thefamiliar categories of a book, a work, or an author. But while Iconsidered 'natural history', the 'analysis of wealth', and 'politicaleconomy' in general terms, I neglected a similar analysis of theauthor and his works; it is perhaps due to this omission that Iemployed the names of authors throughout this book in a naiveand often crude fashion. I spoke of Buffon, Cuvier, Ricardo, andothers as well, but failed to realize that I had allowed their namesto function ambiguously. This

      Goal of "Order of things" was to analyse verbal clusters as discursive layers that are not books but other types of discourse: natural history, wealth, political economy and so on.