19 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2019
    1. Abstract

      Abstract is a sale's pitch, I would say. It summarizes the whole article, and helps the audiences like you and me, to determine whether/how this work might be relevant.

      In the following abstract, identify the research question, highlight it, and state it in your own words (because the authors ask something quite different from what they propose in the beginning).

  2. Sep 2019
    1. Abstract

      Abstract typically follows the cover page with the title, author name(s), contact information, and other relevant information. Abstract is a sales pitch. It is a short summary (200 words or so) of the entire paper that follows. It is supposed to contain the following information -- a research question(s), a theoretical argument, a research design, findings, and a conclusion.

      Does this abstract contain all the essential information listed above? Is this, thus, a good abstract or not?

  3. Feb 2019
    1. As with neoliberalism more generally, New Public Management is invisible, part of a new “common sense” that has somehow become hegemonic, whereby the “entrepreneurial spirit” has infused the public sector, leading to “businesslike government”. As with the claims of neoliberalism more generally as to its positive outputs in terms of prosperity, NPM has never been shown to have been successful even in its own terms. NPM “introduced punishments and rewards to produce better services with lesser staff. Instead of having freed energies and creativity of employees formerly shackled by their bureaucratic turfs, NPM reforms have bound energies into theatrical audit performances at the cost of work and killed creativity in centralizing resources and hollowing out professional autonomy... Fundamental deprivation of the legitimacy of public employees . . .has traumatized many most-committed employees and driven others toward a Soviet-type double standard.” (Juha Siltala, New Public Management : The evidence-based worst practice?, Administration; Vol. 45, No. 4.; 2013 pp. 468-493) Sekera quotes Christopher Pollitt et al., who “after compiling a database of 518 studies of NPM in Europe, determined that “more than 90% of what are seen by experts as the most significant and relevant studies contain no data at all on outcomes” and that of the 10% that had outcomes information, only 44% of those, or 4% of the total, found any improvements in terms of outcomes.” But in the end, the point of NPM is less that of measureable outcomes, and more that of the ideological victory of turning the public and its good into customers exercising their “choices” (see tax revolt example in Duggan), along of course with the radical disempowering of public administration workers and their unions, instituting “cost savings” by cutting their real income and putting more and more of the public sector’s production directly into the profit-making market.
  4. Dec 2018
    1. When Hilma af Klint began creating radically abstract paintings in 1906, they were like little that had been seen before: bold, colorful, and untethered from any recognizable references to the physical world

      I heard a fascinating story about her on NPR today.

    1. As the amount of scholarly communication increases, it is increasingly difficult for specific core scientific statements to be found, connected and curated. Additionally, the redundancy of these statements in multiple fora makes it difficult to determine attribution, quality, and provenance. To tackle these challenges, the Concept Web Alliance has promoted the notion of nanopublications (core scientific statements with associated context). In this document, we present a model of nanopublications along with a NamedGraph/RDF serialization of the model. Importantly, the serialization is defined completely using already existing community developed technologies. Finally, we discuss the importance of aggregating nano-publications and the role that the ConceptWiki plays in facilitating it.
    1. SKOS—Simple Knowledge Organization System—provides a model for expressing the basic structure and content of concept schemes such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading lists, taxonomies, folksonomies, and other similar types of controlled vocabulary. As an application of the Resource Description Framework (RDF), SKOS allows concepts to be composed and published on the World Wide Web, linked with data on the Web and integrated into other concept schemes. This document is a user guide for those who would like to represent their concept scheme using SKOS. In basic SKOS, conceptual resources (concepts) are identified with URIs, labeled with strings in one or more natural languages, documented with various types of note, semantically related to each other in informal hierarchies and association networks, and aggregated into concept schemes. In advanced SKOS, conceptual resources can be mapped across concept schemes and grouped into labeled or ordered collections. Relationships can be specified between concept labels. Finally, the SKOS vocabulary itself can be extended to suit the needs of particular communities of practice or combined with other modeling vocabularies. This document is a companion to the SKOS Reference, which provides the normative reference on SKOS.
    1. The success of distributed and semantic-enabled systems relies on the use of up-to-date ontologies and mappings between them. However, the size, quantity and dynamics of existing ontologies demand a huge maintenance effort pushing towards the development of automatic tools supporting this laborious task. This article proposes a novel method, investigating different types of similarity measures, to identify concepts’ attributes that served to define existing mappings. The obtained experimental results reveal that our proposed method allows to identify the relevant attributes for supporting mapping maintenance, since we found correlations between ontology changes affecting the identified attributes and mapping changes.
  5. Nov 2018
    1. One way to think about "core" biodiversity data is as a network of connected entities, such as taxa, taxonomic names, publications, people, species, sequences, images, and collections that form the "biodiversity knowledge graph". Many questions in biodiversity informatics can be framed as paths in this graph. This article explores this futher, and sketches a set of services and tools we would need in order to construct the graph. New information In order to build a usable biodiversity knowledge graph we should adopt JSON-LD for biodiversity data, develop reconciliation services to match entities to identifiers, and a use a mixture of document and graph databases to store and query the data. To bootstrap this project we can create wrappers around each major biodiversity data provider, and a central cache that is both a document store and a simple graph database. This power of this approach should be showcased by applications that use the central cache to tackle specific problems, such as augmenting existing data.
  6. Oct 2018
    1. if you replace the idea that life is a narrative with the idea that life is a vision

      It's an interesting thought to replace the idea of life as a narrative vs a vision, it kind of goes along with the idea of technology being concrete of fluid. A narrative is something more concrete and a vision seems for fluid because a narrative is bound by the progression of time and in a vision things can happen simultaneously.

    1. (1) Describing what was done.(2) Describingwhat was found(key results)

      Two main things for effective abstract: 1) describe what was done 2) describe what was found

  7. Jun 2018
    1. Abstract

      Schlechtes Abstract. Es wird zu wenig Gewicht auf die Darstellung der Ergebnisse gelegt. Diverse Unterschiede und Anknüpfungspunkte müssen wenigstens angedeutet werden.

  8. May 2018
    1. Two patients complaining of insomnia had sleep-related periodic leg movements (nocturnal myoclonus) on polysomnographic evaluation. Both also complained of cold feet and had abnormal peripheral pulse examinations. Treatment with phenoxybenzamine, alpha-adrenergic blocker, normalized the peripheral pulse responses, reduced the complaint of insomnia, and reduced the sleep related leg movements but resulted in only mild sleep improvements. Peripheral pulse examinations of ten other patients with sleep-related periodic leg movements revealed abnormal responses in four. From these and other results, it is hypothesized that the sympathetic nervous system may mediate the periodicity of sleep related periodic leg movements.
  9. Feb 2018
    1. There are two related issues that we have seen when it comes to mis‐understandings about the roles of data scientists. In one case, excessivehype leads people to expect miracles, and miracle-workers. In the oth‐er case, a lack of awareness about the variety of data scientists leadsorganizations to waste effort when trying to find talent. These casestudies are based on collective experiences from many of our friends,colleagues, and Meetup members.
  10. Aug 2015
    1. Summary. — A new subspecies of Amazilia Hummingbird Amazilia amazilia is described from the Ecuadorian Andes. It appears to be closest related to A. a. dlticola from southern Loja and adjacent parts of Zamora-Chinchipe provinces in southern Ecuador.
  11. Apr 2014
    1. Clouds establish a new division of responsibilities between platform operators and users than have trad itionally e x- isted in computing infrastructure. In private clouds, where all participants belong to the same organization, this cr e- ates new barriers to effective communication and resource usage. In this paper, we present poncho , a tool that i m- plements APIs that enable communication between cloud operators and their users, for the purposes of minimizing impact of administrative operations and load shedding on highly - utilized private clouds.

      Poncho: Enabling Smart Administration of Full Private Clouds


  12. Jan 2014
    1. approaches to establish permanent, quantitative datasets—atlases
    2. A rigorous understanding of these developmental processes requires automated methods that quantitatively record and analyze complex morphologies and their associated patterns of gene expression at cellular resolution.

      Rigorous understanding requires automated methods using quantitative recording and analysis.

  13. Sep 2013
    1. reasoning.

      But is the abstractness associated with words really a lesser knowledge? It may be less precise, but that also might create more options