28 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2022
  2. Jan 2022
    1. It was largely the speakers of Iroquoian languages such as theWendat, or the five Haudenosaunee nations to their south, whoappear to have placed such weight on reasoned debate – evenfinding it a form of pleasurable entertainment in own right. This factalone had major historical repercussions. Because it appears tohave been exactly this form of debate – rational, sceptical, empirical,conversational in tone – which before long came to be identified withthe European Enlightenment as well. And, just like the Jesuits,Enlightenment thinkers and democratic revolutionaries saw it asintrinsically connected with the rejection of arbitrary authority,particularly that which had long been assumed by the clergy.

      The forms of rational, skeptical, empirical and conversational forms of debate popularized by the Enlightenment which saw the rejection of arbitrary authority were influenced by the Haudenosaunee nations of Americans.

      Interesting to see the reflexive political fallout of this reoccurring with the political right in America beginning in the early 2000s through the 2020s. It's almost as if the Republican party and religious right never experienced the Enlightenment and are still living in the 1700s.

      Curious that in modern culture I think of the Jesuits as the embodiment of rationalist, skeptical argumentation and thought now. Apparently they were dramatically transformed since that time.

  3. Oct 2021
  4. Sep 2021
    1. Repubs are the American Taliban.

      Perhaps not so funny, but I said this same thing yesterday in regard to the Texas law relating to abortion.

      They just want physical power and control over everyone.

  5. Sep 2020
    1. Consider this, you that are here present, that yet remain in an unregenerate state. That God will execute the fierceness of his anger, implies that he will inflict wrath without any pity… you will be a vessel of wrath fitted to destruction; and there will be no other use of this vessel but only to be filled full of wrath: God will be so far from pitying you when you cry to him, that ’tis said he will only laugh and mock (Proverbs 1:25-32)…

      This is a very I stress very condensed version of these verses in Proverbs. I grew up Southern Baptist, My granddaddy was a preacher in NC, for 75 years. So I know all about church on Wednesday AND Sunday and whatever other day seemed fitting. I myself broke away from that and creating my own religious freedom by becoming Lutheran.. If you know anything about Lutherans they are pretty closely inlined with Catholicism. So Granddaddy was NOT happy. And I myself may or may not have received a scare tactic sermon... But let me finish proverbs for you the next verse or two from this if you will. After consulting all 3 of my bibles, yes all three different versions; the famous KJV, the NIV, and the NASB, it clearly states: Proverbs 1;33 "But whoever listens to me will live in safety and be at ease, without fear of harm". Imagine if he would have finished his sermon with these words.

      I imagine this made life even harder on them economically; being afraid to trade and do business with neighbors who may not be living up to the preacher's standards. Think about all of the trade relationships that may have been severed.

  6. Jun 2020
  7. Apr 2020
  8. Dec 2019
    1. Religious conflict in any form is often far more impervious to pragmatic solutions, and can prove more dangerous than national conflicts.

      This is debatable. National identity and religion are often both entwined in complex historical factors quite like Judaism and the land of Judea. Whereas national identity is more moldable and dynamic when combined with democratic developments like the Arab spring, religious identity would change slower and might be more important to guard for the conservatives (I'm not sure on this, but it's a gut feeling)

      In such a case, conflicts are easier to understand when cast in terms of religious or sub-religious basis but I definitely think a purely religious conflict (an ideal construct) is more likely to find a pragmatic solution, although I doubt if any thing of that sort exists!

  9. May 2019
  10. Apr 2018
    1. Nay if we may openly speak the Truth and as becomes one Man to another; neither Pagan, nor Mahumetan, [59] nor Jew, ought to be excluded from the Civil Rights of the Commonwealth, because of his Religion.158

      I was taken by just how clearly Locke, in the 17th century, speaks in support of religious diversity and a separation between church and state (I highlighted many remarks and passages in this work). This will be a powerful document to allow students to read in conjunction with the first amendment.

    1. You are invited to comment on the research program "Theory and Empiricism of Religious Evolution". Please, register with "Hypothesis" via the person icon above on the right side.

  11. Jan 2018
  12. Nov 2017
    1. It is supposed probable that a building of somewhat more size in the middle of the grounds may be called for in time, in which may be rooms for religious worship

      This central building sounds like it could have been the Rotunda. It's strange that a place for religious worship would be considered at the center of the grounds since Jefferson always put so much emphasis on a university focused on academics rather than religion. It makes sense that there would be a church, but having it in the center when this document directly addresses an absence of religious studies is very contradictory.

      -Wei Guan

  13. Oct 2017
    1. Another significant finding is that efforts of the membersof religious networks—in spite of their relatively closedcharacteristics—in terms of being at the center of a net-work and taking the brokerage role are, contrary to theliterature, highly developed

      This is an important finding that can help researchers better understand how this and similar religious networks operate.

    2. While previousstudies presented that social networks have an influence onreligiousness, they did not respond to the question of howreligious ties structure attitudes and relations in the orga-nizational field

      What this study adds to the existing literature

  14. Sep 2017
    1. This book is not about religion, although I talk about religion. It's about religious tolerance and the fight for human rights; the first battlefront in public discourse about human rights.

      Freedom of religion was the first base upon which other understandings of freedom have been built upon.

    2. This is the story of 16th century Europe, and the political earthquake that was protestantism. The overarching historical narrative unfolds around the lives of fictional characters who might have lived in this historic period.

      Follett's literary reenactment explores the intricacies of the Protestant Reformation through a cast of strategically diverse characters, whose stories span across multiple continents, nations, and cities. Each character is an important harbinger of larger historical trends. Within the masterfully established geo-political reality, each of their decisions serve to gradually reveal their distinct personalities and temperaments, belief systems and ideologies, and cultural identities.

    3. The real enemies, then as now, are not the rival religions. The true battle pitches those who believe in tolerance and compromise against the tyrants who would impose their ideas on everyone else—no matter what the cost.

      Reminiscent of our current geo-political climate. The extended cycles of history.

  15. Apr 2017
    1. There is sure another flood toward, and these FTLN 2669 couples are coming to the ark. Here comes a pair of 193 As You Like It ACT 5. SC. 4 FTLN 2670 very strange beasts, which in all tongues are called FTLN 2671 fools.

      religious reference

  16. Mar 2017
    1. The fact that the church of our country, (with fractional exceptions), does not esteem “the Fugitive Slave Law” as a declaration of war against religious liberty, implies that that church regards religion simply as a form of worship, an empty ceremony, and not a vital principle, requiring active benevolence, justice, love and good will towards man.

      Douglass describes how religious liberty seems hollow in the country if the principles of Christianity aren't practiced along with mere preaching. He also uses strong language concerning the Fugitive Slave law as a "declaration of war" against religious liberty. This is an interesting point, as he views the law as hindering his and other Christians' ability to carry out and practice Christianity by helping fugitive slaves. This idea of too much government causing suppression of religion correlates to Thoreau's minimalistic desires of government

  17. Jan 2016
  18. Dec 2015
  19. cityheiress.sfsuenglishdh.net cityheiress.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. Nonconformist−Parsons

      A clergyman who (especially after the Act of Uniformity of 1662) who is separated from the Church of England; another way to say a Protestant Dissenter (OED).

    2. Conventicles

      "An assembly, a meeting; esp. a regular meeting of any society, corporation, body, or order of men" (OED).

    3. French Hugonots

      Image Description Portrait of John Calvin by Hans Holbein the Younger

      The correct spelling of the word is Huguenots. Huguenots were French Protestants and members of the Calvinist communion of France in the 16th and 17th century (OED).

  20. cityheiress.sfsuenglishdh.net cityheiress.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. Bed of Ease

      Reference to a Hymnal written by Christian Isaac Watts (1674-1748) titled "Am I A Soldier of The Cross." (Wikipedia online)

      "Must I be carried to the skies On flowery beds of ease, While others fought to win the prize And sailed through bloody seas?"(Hymnal.net) Image Description

    2. Tom Bell

      Thomas Bell (fl. 1573–1610) was an English Roman Catholic priest, who later denounced the faith and became an anti-Catholic writer and persecutor.

  21. cityheiress.sfsuenglishdh.net cityheiress.sfsuenglishdh.net
    1. Conclave of Cardinals

      "The place in which the Cardinals meet in private for the election of a Pope," (OED).