108 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2024
    1. The development of the card system and itsmore universal adoption within recent years isundoubtedly due in the mail to the development in modernbusiness and factory organisation ; it may be regarded as anoffspring of manufacture in quantities. (Massenfabrikation, Gross-industrie.) The recognised principle in manufacture in quantities ismaximum of output with minimum of labour. The means to attainthis end is specialisation, which in its turn yields greater precisionand accuracy as it^ result. All this is equally applicable to thecard system, and the last factor, greater precision and accuracy,is one of its most conspicuous claims.

      Julius Kaiser contemporaneously posits that mass manufacture and maximizing efficiency (greater output for minimum input) are the primary drivers of card index system use in the early 20th century. These also improve both precision and accuracy in handling information which allow for better company or factory operation, which would have been rising concerns for businesses and manufacturing operations at the rise of scientific management during the time period.

  2. Feb 2024
  3. Dec 2023
    1. Palestiniens

      Ces Palestiniens sont-ils présumés solidaires du Hammas?

    2. deux morts

      Parle-t-on de morts dûes aux bombardements mentionnés ci-haut?

    3. Liban

      Le Liban fait-il parti des groupes armés solidaires du Hammas mentionnés plus haut? Sinon, quel est le lien entre ces échanges armés et le sujet de l'article?

    4. Aburahman al-Ghabris

      C'est qui lui?

    5. une chaîne de télévision israélienne


    6. une délégation du Hamas

      Quels sont les membres de cette délégation?

    7. La quantité d’aide acheminée, nécessaire et urgente, continue d’être limitée et rencontre de nombreux obstacles logistiques

      Limitée comment? Par qui? Pourquoi? De quels obstacles logistiques parle-t-on ici?

    8. 7 octobre

      Le 7 octobre 2023, présumément

  4. Oct 2023
    1. Information quality is the strongest factor to influence organizational benefits through perceived usefulness and user satisfaction

      Information quality=precision

  5. Sep 2023
    1. If IFS is unset, or its value is exactly <space><tab><newline>, the default, then any sequence of IFS characters serves to delimit words. If IFS has a value other than the default, then sequences of the whitespace characters space and tab are ignored at the beginning and end of the word, as long as the whitespace character is in the value of IFS (an IFS whitespace character). Any character in IFS that is not IFS whitespace, along with any adjacent IFS whitespace characters, delimits a field. A sequence of IFS whitespace characters is also treated as a delimiter. If the value of IFS is null, no word splitting occurs.
  6. Jul 2023
    1. Browser-based interfaces are slow, clumsy, and require you to be online just to use them

      Nope (re: offline). You're confusing "browser-based" and "Web-based" (sort of the way people confuse statically typed" versus strongly typed*). They're different. You can have a fully offline browser-based interface. Most common browsers are every bit as amenable as being used as simple document viewers as Preview.app or Microsoft Word is. The browser's native file format is just a different sort—not DOCX, and not PDF (although lots of browsers can do PDF, too; you can't write apps in PDF, though—at least not in the subset supported by typical browsers). Instead of Office macros written in VBA, browsers support scripting offline documents in JS just like online documents. You can run your offline programs using the browser runtime, unless they're written to expect otherwise.

  7. Jun 2023
  8. Dec 2022
    1. but

      Si nous restons fidèle au titre de cette sous-partie, la préférence accordée aux logiciels libres ne concerne pas que l'interopérabilité. L'enjeu principal est de garder la possibilité de décrire une vision du monde particulière. Celle-ci passe par l'agencement de l'espace numérique, plus facileemnt aménageable du côté des logiciels libres que des logiciels propriétaires.

      Un logiciel propriétaire est par définition fermé : il impose sa vision du monde et l'utilisateur ne peut pas modifier cette dimension là.

    2. limites

      Pensez à d'abord faire une présentation de la technologie avant d'en présenter les limites

    3. Numérisation des archives papier et limites de la reconnaissance optique des caractères (OCR)

      Très bien.

      Attention à ne pas aller trop vite ! Le terme "limite" utilisé dans un titre sous-entend que vous émettez des réserves sur les technologies d'OCR. Ce sont des technologies très récentes (seulement quelques années) sur lesquelles nous avons peu de recul... Oui il y a des limites à pointer, mais ce sont des technologies qui évoluent très rapidement !

    4. définir ce qu’est la numérisation

      définir ce qu'est la numérisation et l'enjeu de la numérisation vis-à-vis de l'accessibilité

    5. Je ne tiendrai pas compte non plus de l’aspect législatif de l’accessibilité, la protection des renseignements personnels par exemple.

      C'est bien de le préciser. Toutefois, ne pas traiter cette question ne veut pas dire qu'il ne faut pas en tenir compte !

    6. sociales

      et humaines ..! Après tout, ce sont les "humanités" numériques !

    7. développeurs d’applications

      l'emploi de méthodes computationnelles ou des outils numériques ne fait pas des chercheurs en humanités numériques des développeurs !

    8. AtoM

      référence ?

    9. technologies

      quelles technologies ? soyez plus précise

  9. Nov 2022
    1. Justice Felix Frankfurter,a prolific writer as a Harvard lawprofessor before joining the SupremeCourt, was right that “[a]nything thatis written may present a problem ofmeaning” because words “seldomattain[] more than approximate preci-sion.”12

      12 Felix Frankfurter, Some Reflections On the Reading of Statutes, 47 CoLUm . L. rev. 527, 528 (1947), reprinting Felix Frankfurter, Sixth Annual Benjamin N. Cardozo Lecture, 2 Rec. Bar Ass'n City of N.Y. (No. 6, 1947).

    2. Guy de Maupassant, was no lawyer,but his advice can help guide lawyerswho seek precision in their writing.“Whatever you want to say,” he assert-ed, “there is only one word to expressit, only one verb to give it movement,only one adjective to qualify it. Youmust search for that word, that verb,that adjective, and never be contentwith an approximation, never resortto tricks, even clever ones, and neverhave recourse to verbal sleight-of-hand to avoid a difficulty.”11

      11 Guy de Maupassant, Selected Short Sto- ries 10-11 (Roger Colet ed., 1971) (Maupassant quoting French writer Gustave Flaubert).

  10. Oct 2022
    1. @1:10:20

      With HTML you have, broadly speaking, an experience and you have content and CSS and a browser and a server and it all comes together at a particular moment in time, and the end user sitting at a desktop or holding their phone they get to see something. That includes dynamic content, or an ad was served, or whatever it is—it's an experience. PDF on the otherhand is a record. It persists, and I can share it with you. I can deliver it to you [...]

      NB: I agree with the distinction being made here, but I disagree that the former description is inherent to HTML. It's not inherent to anything, really, so much as it is emergent—the result of people acting as if they're dealing in live systems when they shouldn't.

  11. Sep 2022
    1. However, while URLs allow you to locate a resource, a URI simply identifies a resource. This means that a URI is not necessarily intended as an address to get a resource. It is meant just as an identifier.

      However, while URLs allow you to locate a resource, a URI simply identifies a resource.

      Very untrue/misleading! It doesn't simply (only) identify it. It includes URLs, so a URI may be a locator, a name, or both!

      https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/rfc3986 states it better and perfectly:

      A URI can be further classified as a locator, a name, or both. The term "Uniform Resource Locator" (URL) refers to the subset of URIs that, in addition to identifying a resource, provide a means of locating the resource by describing its primary access mechanism (e.g., its network "location").

      This means that a URI is not necessarily intended as an address to get a resource. It is meant just as an identifier.

      The "is not necessarily" part is correct. The "is meant" part is incorrect; shoudl be "may only be meant as".

    1. note that this will show the historical content within the current template – so not necessarily exactly the same as the original page
    1. not designed to be secure

      "secure" is used in this context to mean, roughly, "work with adversarial input"

    1. XBL is a proprietary technology developed by Mozilla

      Example of when "proprietary" is not an antonym of "open source".

  12. Aug 2022
    1. "Why have a locked wiki when you can instead just post static Web pages?"

      What even is a locked wiki insofar as the ways it differs from traditional (pre-wiki) content publishing pipelines? Where's the wiki part of it?

  13. Jul 2022
    1. The trouble with redefining "REST" to mean "not REST" is that the first step in learning known techniques to solve a problem is learning the terminology that people use to explain the techniques. If you think you know the terminology, but you have the wrong definition in your mind, you will not be able to understand the explanations, and you will not be able to figure out why you can't understand them, until you finally figure out that the definition you learned was wrong.
    1. Let's call this style of API pseduoREST or JSON-RPC.

      What the re-education around REST needs is a catchy label for what people call REST that works well as a light pejorative. Two-Bit History gave it a shot, coining the ad hoc acronym "FIOH", but it doesn't have the desired properties.

  14. May 2022
  15. Apr 2022
    1. Les conséquences prévisibles renvoient ici aux atteintes aux droits d’auteurs qui caractérisent la « représentation publique » sur le web de documents sous droit acquis à titre privé et constituent le cadre qui régit les évolutions du groupe au fur et à mesure que le nombre de ses membres et que le volume de ses activités s’accroissent.

      Il est peut-être nécessaire ici de bien rappeler la solution de partage et son éventuel caractère illégal pour comprendre les "conséquences prévisibles". Le texte détaille bien la situation et le problème, mais passe très vite sur la solution trouvée et ses modalités (le partage de pair à pair de documents sous droits). "L'atteinte au droits d'auteurs" arrivent alors un peu abruptement.

  16. Feb 2022
    1. the first precision-geared mechanism known is a relatively simple—yet impressive for the time—geared sundial and calendar of Byzantine origin dating to about C.E. 600.

      The first known precision-geared mechanism is a sundial and calendar of Byzantine origin dating to circa 600 C.E.

  17. Jun 2021
    1. Time returned from a database can differ in precision from time objects in Ruby, so we need flexible tolerances when comparing in specs. We can use be_like_time to compare that times are within one second of each other.
  18. May 2021
    1. Ira, still wearing a mask, Hyman. (2020, November 26). @SciBeh @Quayle @STWorg @jayvanbavel @UlliEcker @philipplenz6 @AnaSKozyreva @johnfocook Some might argue the moral dilemma is between choosing what is seen as good for society (limiting spread of disinformation that harms people) and allowing people freedom of choice to say and see what they want. I’m on the side of making good for society decisions. [Tweet]. @ira_hyman. https://twitter.com/ira_hyman/status/1331992594130235393

  19. Apr 2021
  20. Mar 2021
    1. It's a pet peeve, but I wish that people would stop describing their HTTP RPC APIs using the term "REST".

      The only solution is probably to advocate for moving away from "REST" entirely—for all parties. Mend the discord by coining two new terms and clearly articulate the two meanings that should be attached to them.

      ("Indian" is another word like this, but that did not get fully deprecated. This is resulted in lots of confusion. "'Indian'? Like Native Americans?" "No, Indian as in 'from India'" "Oh, all right." A similar thing is happening with "open source".)

      This probably involves making the terms (or at least one of them—so long as it's the right one) somewhat cool. Maybe the non-REST term should be AROH (pronounced like "arrow") for "Application RPC Over HTTP".

  21. Feb 2021
  22. Dec 2020
  23. Nov 2020
    1. the adjective strong or the adverb strongly may be added to a mathematical notion to indicate a related stronger notion; for example, a strong antichain is an antichain satisfying certain additional conditions, and likewise a strongly regular graph is a regular graph meeting stronger conditions. When used in this way, the stronger notion (such as "strong antichain") is a technical term with a precisely defined meaning; the nature of the extra conditions cannot be derived from the definition of the weaker notion (such as "antichain")
  24. Sep 2020
  25. Aug 2020
    1. La relation interdite est ainsi dévoilée puisque Yoram prend des risques pour aller observer Fatima

      peut-être préciser que l'interdit se retrouve dans le lexique de la vue qui devient transgressive (épier, rôder)

  26. Jun 2020
  27. May 2020
    1. Ericsson claims (2016, p. 98) that there is no deliberate practice possible for knowledge work because there are no objective criteria (so, poor feedback), because the skills aren’t clearly defined, and because techniques for focused skill improvement in these domains aren’t known.

      According to Ericsson deliberate practice for knowledge work is not possible because the criteria are not objective (you don't know if you're doing well).

      This collides with Dr. Sönke Ahrens' contention that note taking, specifically elaboration, instantiates two feedback loop. One feedback loop in that you can see whether you're capturing the essence of what you're trying to make a note on and a second feedback loop in that you can see whether your note is not only an accurate description of the original idea, but also a complete one.

      Put differently, note taking instantiates two feedback loops. One for precision and one for recall.

  28. Apr 2020
    1. In mainstream press, the word "hacker" is often used to refer to a malicious security cracker. There is a classic definition of the term "hacker", arising from its first documented uses related to information technologies at MIT, that is at odds with the way the term is usually used by journalists. The inheritors of the technical tradition of the word "hacker" as it was used at MIT sometimes take offense at the sloppy use of the term by journalists and others who are influenced by journalistic inaccuracy.
    1. le « devenir-animal » de l’humain

      hum j'aurai besoin d'une rapide définition

    2. nous apparaissent féconds pour réfléchir le concept d’homme.

      rapidement dis les grands thèmes de l'oeuvre qui t'ont poussé à la choisir elle

    3. devenir humain

      Il faudrait que tu expliques en quelques mots (genre une parenthèse) ce que tu entends par cette expression de devenir humain

    4. se révèle à nous épuisée devant les changements économiques, politiques et sociaux qu’elle a elle-même engendrés

      j'expliciterai en quoi elle est épuisée, des exemples rapides après l'ouverture de deux points.

    1. Just as with wine-tasting, having a bigger vocabulary for colours allows specific colours to be perceived more readily and remembered more easily, even if not done consciously.
  29. Oct 2017
  30. May 2017
    1. Precision: It is a measure of correctness achieved in positive prediction i.e. of observations labeled as positive, how many are actually labeled positive. Precision = TP / (TP + FP) Recall: It is a measure of actual observations which are labeled (predicted) correctly i.e. how many observations of positive class are labeled correctly. It is also known as ‘Sensitivity’. Recall = TP / (TP + FN)

      Example: In cancer research you may want higher recall, Since you want all actual positive observations to classified as True Positive. A lower Precision maybe alright because some healthy people classified as cancerous can be rectified later.

  31. Apr 2017
    1. The Administration could also exercise its regulatory authority—most potently, to direct the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to allow reimbursement for molecular profiling of cancers

      Perhaps the most important measure to keep precision medicine initiate alive. Surge in risk and treatment response prediction in genomic assays is of little value without practical means of affordable molecular profiling of a patient's tumor or more importantly, pre-diagnosis genomic screen.

  32. Aug 2016
    1. a different and relatively unclear pattern

      different and inconsistent patterns

    2. Presumed


    3. really low

      no or low (<10%)

    4. Thedata displayedthat it is roughly possible to

      My data suggest that it is possible to qualitatively

    5. a totally reliable method

      considered quantitative

    6. used for measurements ofheart

      primer sets are not tissue-specific; you used them for all tissues; only the measurements themselves are tissue-specific

    7. the expression of transcripts


    8. qRT-PCR

      qRT-PCR cannot show transcription termination: all it can do is verify the RNAseq data, i.e., more relatively more transcription upstream of an active CGI compared to transcription across the CGI. It is important to be precise about what qRT-PCR can and cannot do.

    9. transcripts terminating


    10. transcripts terminateacross

      transcription extends across

    11. transcripts terminating


    12. different samples


    13. more

      orders of magnitude more

    14. sodium-bisulfite

      sodium metabisulfite

    15. data

      depth-of-sequencing-normalised and log-transformed read coverage data

    16. RNA-seq data


    17. activity

      transcriptional activity

    18. which means that onlythe intragenicpromoter influencestissue-specific gene transcription

      reducing the potential of tissue-specific host promoter activity confounding the observations

    19. RNA-seq data


    20. RNA-seq data


    21. (blue box)

      (low blue data point)

    22. upstream

      terminating upstream

    23. (red diamond)

      (high red data point)

    24. (lower left cornerof the figure)

      (low x value)

    25. (red diamond in the bottom right cornerindicate transcripts across)

      (large difference in y values: high blue versus low red data point)

    26. (upper right cornerof the figure)

      (large x value)

    27. transcripts

      amount of fragments spanning

    28. transcripts terminating

      (scaled) amount of cDNA fragments mapping

    29. RNA-seq data


    30. from a large difference to a non-existing difference in absoluteterms

      no difference between across and upstream

    31. terminating across than upstream

      extending across than terminating upstream

    32. RNA-seq data plots were

      A scatter plot of intragenic CGI activity versus the upstream and across quantities for all 30 tissues was

    33. scalingfora comparable dataset

      scaling across tissues to make quantities comparable

    34. conducting a permutation test for resampling of the dataset

      randomly permuting the intragenic CGI activities across tissues

    35. fragment

      aligned sequenced cDNA fragments

    36. overlapping with the host gene

      spanning across the intragenic CGI

    37. exonic

      host gene exon-anchored

    38. sense and antisense orientation

      separately for the sense and antisense orientations of transcription from the CGI relative to the host gene

    39. CGIs

      CGI transcriptional states

    40. Dnmt1 copies

      during cell division

    41. DNA methylation

      in vertebrates (in bacteria, 5mA is common)

    42. there may be different methylation patterns

      too vague

    43. it

      what is 'it'?

    44. -most exon


    45. heritable

      mitotically or meiotically heritable