18 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2019
    1. fiber

      There are two additional types of meals that will be needed to clarify this issue. That is, one with a high-fat high-fiber meal, and another with a low-fiber high-carbohydrate meal. Nonetheless, one could argue that, in practice, carbohydrates correlate with fiber.

  2. Sep 2019
    1. Isafilmlessgoodifitisproducedby arapist,arolelessexpertly performedifperformedby aharasser,aroutinelessfunny ifanexploitativeexhibitionistperformsit?

      A film is not less good if the producer was a rapist... but one must consider the effects it has on allowing people to carry on with their normal lives when they have destroyed others'. If a producer who at the same time is a rapist is allowed to continue with his life as if nothing had taken place, the act of rape is normalized.

    2. Thenewsoverthepastseveralmonthshasbeenfullofrevelationsofsexualharassmentandassaultby meninvolvedinartsandentertainmentandotherfields

      a claim can be made

    3. my experiencesuggestedthatany workmightbeconsideredsomehowtaintedbyassociationwithamiscreant

      the work of art goes in hand with the artist

    4. howartappreciatorsshouldrespondtotheworkoftheseindividualsinlightofthedisclosuresandadmissionsthathavefloodedevery mediaoutlet.

      raises a good question, does liking a work of art imply that you support the artist in every aspect?

  3. Oct 2018
    1. The presence of highly pitted lignified tissue in the mesophyll of gymnosperms leaves has been formally noted in the conifer family Podocarpaceae and the cycad genus Cycas (Griffith, 1957; Hu and Yao, 1981). We found that similar tissues are present in conifers from all families including Sciadopitys and Amentotaxus (T. Brodribb, unpublished data) and in each case they were associated with leaf widths in excess of those achievable with unmodified mesophyll tissue (Fig. 1B). Indeed it appears that terrestrial plants have adopted two different systems to overcome the intrinsically low hydraulic conductivity of the leaf mesophyll. The most common of these is to branch the vein system such that a high volume apoplastic flow pathway (the xylem) is allowed to approach very close to the sites of evaporation. This is the means of water distribution in most angiosperm leaves. The second system, identified here, is to modify the mesophyll by directing the lignification and apoptosis (Griffith, 1957) of a proportion of mesophyll cells, thereby greatly increasing its conductivity to water. This fascinating divergence in leaf water distribution systems appears to have arisen in the gymnosperm clade, as there have been no reports of lignified mesophyll cells in any plant groups basal to gymnosperms.
  4. Aug 2018
    1. n the sections below, we survey and analyze the 12research focithat comprise our model. First, we consider the future of the work processesand how the workis organized and accomplished. Second, we consider the integration of crowd work and computation, including the symbiosis between human cognition, artificial intelligence(AI), and computationally-enabled crowd platforms. Finally, we consider crowd workers and how we can develop jobs, reputation systems, motivations, and incentives that will benefit them.

      Research foci

      Crowd work processes: Workflow, task assignment, hierarchy, realtime crowd work, synchronous collaboration. quality control

      Crowd computation: Crowds guiding AI, AIs guiding crowds, crowdsourcing platforms

      Crowd worker future: Job design, reputation/credentials, motivation/rewards

    1. By structuring design changes as exper-iments, these studies make credible causal claims about the relationship oforganizational structure and project outcomes that previous work struggledto establish. By intervening in real communities, these efforts achieve a levelof external validity that lab-based experiments cannot

      The paper suggests that field experiments and intervention studies could offer new insights.

  5. May 2018
    1. Further, a doctor, medical center, hospital, EMT, and even assisted living staff can make decisions regarding your healthcare, treatment methods and type of medical care to provide you if you are not married, over 18 years old, and do not have a health care proxy in place

      Medical decision making has very specific in rules to protect the rights of the patient. The rules can vary according to a patient's age, marital status, and wether or not they signed a health care proxy document in the first place.

  6. Oct 2017
    1. ‘DeExtinction Movement’ (The Long Now Foundation, 2014b). This project supports the genetic engineering of endangered species (altering them physically to become more resilient in the Anthropocene) and the cloning and wholesale re-creation of extinct ones—passenger pigeons, wooly mammoths—work that founder Stewart Brand promotes as ‘genetic rescue’.

      The Long Now Foundation and its views open up a whole chasm of moral, ethical, and legal questions with this 'DeExtinction Movement'. How is genetically engineering endangered species a form of 'genetic rescue'? These species are dying out because of man and man's actions, which is a terrible reflection of the worst part of human nature, but it does not give us the right to clone nature and 'whitewash' all that we have done before. Just because we may have the capacity to do so, does not mean we should. We cannot simply decide that extinction is fine because we can create genetically engineered species in the future to 'make up' for our mistakes. How are we expected to learn from our mistakes if we can simply rewind and start again?

  7. Apr 2017
    1. p. 13

      Overall much of the literature regarding electronic mailing lists has been either speculative or anecdotal in nature. In addition, as will be noted later, there has been a tencency to be overly optimistic in reporting the benefits of computer mediated communication. This lack of inquiry into the evolution of electronic mailing lists has left a crticial gap in the social history of academic culture.

    2. pp. 9-10 what she saw as Being interesting about lists:

      • POSSIBILITY OF HIDING AND LURKING;
      • MINIMAL PERSONAL INFORMATION REQUIRED TO PARTICIPATE
      • Professor and UG could communicate as "virtual equals"
    3. pp. 8-9 Important statement of potentially radical questions

      Today;s scholars are no longer limited to print and conferences if they want to share their work with others. Electronic media liberate text from the technological limitations of paper and the costs of travel. By using computer mediated communication, scholars can communicate with their peers as they never could before. While this is an exciting time, the implications for scholarly communication, the evolition of the knowledge base, and learning behaviors and not yet known. It is important to questions how truly transforming or revliation the impact of computer mediarted communication was for scholarlship as it was beginning to rake root in the academic communitiy. The electronic mailing lists provided the first insight to how a worldwide communication forum could work... Will scholars merely view electronic mailing lists as a more speedy and cost-effective means to distribute information (such as calls for papers) that was traditionally disseminated in print? Or will electronic mailing lists and other forms of computer mediated communication ultimately transform scholarly behavior? Will the need to attend professional conferences cease because the same exchanges can be done via computer?

    4. p. 5

      The origin of many of our big questions in Schol Comm (peer review, etc.) can be found in lists:

      The origins of these questions began with the early electronic mailing lists.

    5. p. 3

      the electronic mailing lists I studied formed the basis of new ideas for the future of scholarly communication.

    6. p. 1 Epigraph

      I think that we are in the nascent stages of this. I think that this could be an extraordinarily effective tool for scholarly interchange around the world, as well as personal interchange. We have not yet figured out how to make it work the best possible way. What we are seeing on these discussions lists of [sic][sic] whatever that are, is a kind of groping through the dark to figure out what works and what doesn't work. I just see it in those lights and so I don't get upset about some things that go on. It will all work out one way or another." (history, Professor)

    7. Abstract

      The dissertation also considers the implications for higher education and the extent to which electronic mailing lists may change scholarly behaviors.

    8. abstract:

      Respondents reported varying degrees of social relationships formed with other participants on electronic mailing lists. These differences in experiences and expectations appeared to be related to the degree to which an individual felt in some way isolated from others, preferred communication styles, professional rank, and time constraints.