50 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2019
    1. Mr. Fiske’s Florida Congressional Committee is one of a string of political action committees with anodyne names — NorPac in New Jersey, To Protect Our Heritage PAC outside Chicago, the Maryland Association for Concerned Citizens outside Baltimore, among others — that operate independently of Aipac but whose missions and membership align with it.

      Fund-raising conducted by satellite / affiliates

  2. Nov 2018
    1. Instructional Design Strategies for Intensive Online Courses: An Objectivist-Constructivist Blended Approach

      This was an excellent article Chen (2007) in defining and laying out how a blended learning approach of objectivist and constructivist instructional strategies work well in online instruction and the use of an actual online course as a study example.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Distance Education Trends: Integrating new technologies to foster student interaction and collaboration

      This article explores the interaction of student based learner-centered used of technology tools such as wikis, blogs and podcasts as new and emerging technology tools. With distance learning programs becoming more and more popular, software applications such as Writeboard, InstaCol and Imeem may become less of the software of choice. The article looks closely at the influence of technology and outcomes.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

  3. Oct 2018
  4. allred720fa18.commons.gc.cuny.edu allred720fa18.commons.gc.cuny.edu
    1. Canton

      Voyage of the Empress of China, 1784. See this site for a detailed history of early US-China trade.

      A passage in Chapter 1 of Moby Dick describes a vigorous trade with the far East: “Posted like silent sentinels all around the town, stand thousands upon thousands of mortal men fixed in ocean reveries … some looking over the bulwarks of ships from China.”

      However, trade between China and the U.S. commenced in 1784, just after the Treaty of Paris was ratified; by 1799, when Benito Cereno is set, it would still have been a relatively young trading relationship, especially considering the lengthy sea voyages required.

      Principal commodities exchanged included the items mentioned by Capt. Delano (silks, sealskins, coin (specie), as well as ginseng tea, porcelain "China ware," lead, and cotton goods.<br> A.D. Edwards, Empress of China at Mart's Jetty, Port Pirie, 1876

      -- Robert Bennet Forbes, Remarks on China and the China Trade. Samuel N. Dickinson, printer, 1844.

  5. Aug 2018
  6. Mar 2018
  7. Feb 2018
    1. ATTACHMENT 512017–2021 International Play Plan, Rate Card and Funding

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    2. ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur Talent System

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    3. ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur Talent System

      No minor league player, club, or association representatives were to be included in this subcommittee.

    4. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside theUnited States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be assignedotherwise than within the United States and Canada, without thePlayer’s written consen

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language which first appeared in the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    5. F. Spanish Translations and ESL Courses

      Earlier CBAs had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation by requiring those documents be translated and printed in Spanish. The addition of a bilingual media coordinator in this CBA is another example of the MLBPA advocating for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

    1. III. Education CommitteeThe parties will establish a permanent Education/VocationalCommittee consisting of representatives of both parties to assistinternational players who are not drafted, or are released prior toreaching the Major Leagues, with their transition to educational/vocational programs or the workforce. The Office of the Com-missioner will provide the Committee with an annual operatingbudget. The Committee will focus on the following activities

      Earlier CBAs had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation by requiring those documents be translated and printed in Spanish. The addition of career and continuing education courses in this CBA is another example of the MLBPA advocating for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

    2. 265ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur TalentI. International Talent Committee

      No minor league player, club, or association representatives were to be included in this subcommittee.

    3. ATTACHMENT 46International Amateur Talent

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    4. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside theUnited States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be assignedotherwise than within the United States and Canada, without thePlayer’s written consent

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language which first appeared in the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    5. K. International Play

      With organized baseball becoming more firmly established, profitable, and successful outside the United States, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA further expanded the level of specificity and regulation in the CBA in terms of international competition.

    6. F. Spanish Translations and ESL CoursesThis Agreement and the following notices and/or forms listed belowshall be translated and printed in Spanish and shall be made availableto all Spanish-speaking Player

      Earlier CBAs had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation by requiring those documents be translated and printed in Spanish. The addition of ESL courses in this CBA is another example of the MLBPA advocating for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

    1. ATTACHMENT 24Donald M. Fehr, Esquire Executive Director and General Counsel Major League BaseballPlayers Association 12 East 49th Street New York, New York 10017Re: World-Wide Draf

      As noted earlier in this CBA, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA were paying increased attention to the growth of organized baseball outside the United States. Rather than establish a collaborative relationship with foreign leagues that would create additional opportunities for player advancement, this CBA outlines the ways MLB and the MLBPA were actively looking to control and capitalize on foreign markets.

    2. 2. The World-Wide Draft Subcommittee shall be composed ofan equal number of representatives of the Players Association andthe Office of the Commissioner, and shall include at least oneAssociate General Counsel of the Players Association and at leastone senior representative of the Labor Relations Department ofthe Office of the Commissioner

      No minor league player, club, or association representatives were to be included in this subcommittee.

    3. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside the Unit-ed States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be assignedotherwise than within the United States and Canada, without the Play-er’s written consent.

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language of the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    4. J. International Play

      With organized baseball becoming more firmly established, profitable, and successful outside the United States, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA further expanded the level of specificity and regulation in the CBA in terms of international competition.

    5. F. Spanish Translations and ESL CoursesThis Agreement and the notices listed in Attachment 7 shall be trans-lated and printed in Spanish and shall be made available to all Spanish-speaking Players. The costs for the translation and printing shall beborne equally by the Association and the Clubs. In the event of any dis-pute involving the interpretation of, or compliance with, the provisionsof this Agreement or these notices, the English version shall govern.Further, during each championship season covered by this Agreement,each Club will make available an English-as-a-second-languagecourse, at its expense, provided that at least one Player on that Clubrequests such a course

      Earlier CBAs had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation by requiring those documents be translated and printed in Spanish. The addition of ESL courses in this CBA is another example of the MLBPA advocating for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

    1. D. Foreign AssignmentsExcept for the return of conditional assignments from outside the United States and Canada, the contract of a Player shall not be -assigned otherwise than within the United States and Canada, without the Player’s written consent

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language of the 1997 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    2. I. International Play

      With organized baseball becoming more firmly established, profitable, and successful outside the United States, Major League Baseball and the MLBPA further expanded the level of specificity and regulation in the CBA in terms of international competition.

    3. F. Spanish Translations and ESL CoursesThis Agreement and the notices listed in Attachment 9 shall be translated and printed in Spanish and shall be made available to all Spanish-speaking Players. The costs for the translation and printing shall be borne equally by the Association and the Clubs. In the event of any dispute involving the interpretation of, or compliance with, the provisions of this Agreement or these notices, the English version shall govern. Further, during each championship season covered by this Agreement, each Club will make available anEnglish-as-a-second-language course, at its expense, provided that at least one Player on that Club requests such a course.

      Earlier CBAs had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation by requiring those documents be translated and printed in Spanish. The addition of ESL courses in this CBA is another example of the MLBPA advocating for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

    4. A. No DiscriminationThe Clubs will not interfere with, restrain or coerce Players because of membership in or lawful activity on behalf of the Association, nor will they discriminate because of Association activity in regard to hire, tenure or employment or any term or condition of employment.The provisions of this Agreement shall be applied to all Players covered by thisAgreement without regard to race, color, religion or national origin.

      The 1997 CBA was an early moment the MLBPA successfully advocated for standard workplace non-discrimination protections to be applied to professional baseball, a measure that supported both U.S. and foreign-born players.

    1. D. Foreign Assignments

      In the 1980 CBA, a player's consent was not necessary if he was being assigned to a team in his native country. This change in the language of the 1990 CBA offered greater stability for foreign-born players.

    2. F. Printing Agreements in Spanish

      The 1990 CBA was again one of the early moments when Major League Baseball had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation. At this point, increasing numbers of players from Latin America and the Caribbean were advancing to the Major Leagues, and this sub-article is one of the early moments the MLBPA advocated for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

    3. Absent the agreement of the Association, there shall be no interna-tional play from the opening of the championship season to the open-ing of the next spring training; provided that championship season, All-Star, League Championship Series and World Series games played between Major League Clubs in the United States and/or in Canada shall not be considered international play; and provided further that each Club, subject to the limitations set forth in Article V(D)(3), above, may play exhibition games during spring training and the championship season against any non-Major League club if such games are played in the United States, Canada, or Puerto Rico and are not part of a national or international tour by a foreign club. The terms anp. conditions of the participation of Major League Players

      Again, as seen previously in the CBA, players are given limited ability to utilize their baseball skills for financial gain outside the playing season established by major league baseball in the CBA. This sub-article places particular restrictions on foreign-born players who may have had access to additional international opportunities.

    4. A. No Discrimination The Clubs will not interfere with, restrain or coerce Players because of membership in or lawful activity on behalf of the Association, nor will they discriminate because of Association activity in regard to hire, tenure or employment or any term or condition of employment. The provisions of this Agreement shall be applied to all Players covered by this Agreement without regard to race, color, religion or national origin.

      The 1990 CBA was an early moment the MLBPA successfully advocated for standard workplace non-discrimination protections to be applied to professional baseball, a measure that supported both U.S. and foreign-born players.

    1. D. Foreign Assignments The contract of a Player shall not be assigned otherwise than within the United States and Canada, without the Player's written consent, provided, however, that the Player's consent is not necessary if he is a Native of such foreign country

      Even as the MLBPA was making some early efforts to advocate on behalf of the interests of foreign-born players, that population still experienced significant precarity in their conditions of labor.

    2. F. Printing Agreements in Spanish

      The 1980 CBA was again one of the early moments when Major League Baseball had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation. At this point, increasing numbers of players from Latin America and the Caribbean were advancing to the Major Leagues, and this sub-article is one of the early moments the MLBPA advocated for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

    1. C. Foreign Assignments The contract of a Player shall not be assigned otherwise than within the United States and Canada, without the Player's written consent, provided, however, that the Player's consent is not necessary if he is a Native of such foreign country.

      Even as the MLBPA was making some early efforts to advocate on behalf of the interests of foreign-born players, that population still experienced significant precarity in their conditions of labor.

    2. F. Printing Agreements in Spanish Agreements printed in Spanish shall be made available to Spanish-speaking Players.

      The 1976 CBA was one of the first times Major League Baseball had recognized the changing demographics of the sport in any official legal documentation. At this point, increasing numbers of players from Latin America and the Caribbean were advancing to the Major Leagues, and this sub-article is one of the early moments the MLBPA advocated for the interests or needs of foreign-born players.

  8. Oct 2017
    1. Military Industrial Complex:

      1. Eisenhower has seen the consequences of this intersection of military power and his own "new look" policy

      Presidential speeches can be measured by how long we talk about them. Still one of the most referenced presidential speeches ever given.

      IRAN — Mohammed Mossafegh (1951–1954)

      • First military Coup during CIA golden age
      • US tells Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1941–1979) that they will take over the country unless he overthrows Mossafegh.
      • For 20+ years we supported a dictator who murdered his own people
      • Any nation state has the option to buy out foreign companies

      Guatemala — Jacobo Arbenz Guzman (1951–1954)

      • Democratically elected leader, called for Progressive Reform (second President to do so)
      • Nationalizing land (US decided it looked like Communism)
      • Guzman runs into problems with the United Fruit Company, who had been cheating on their taxes, undervaluing their land prices. Government seeks to purchase land to nationalize it, and wants to buy it for the price that the UFC valued their land for.
      • UFC and US Government set up a military Coup. Using radio broadcast propaganda, pretending that an army is ravaging the countryside. Guzman believes the propaganda and flees. We set up a dictator.
  9. Sep 2017
      1. Talking about these lands as depopulated — size comparisons downplay population
      2. Uplifting Disney music. Contrasting the old with the "modern" new 3. Rural natives — "Cling to their primitive ways" within the "confines of their small world"
      3. Audience: Americans, middle-class men 5. Primary consumers of videos like this: middle-class, business-men in the United States. Looking to invest in businesses in Central America. Sex tourism is also huge.
      4. Gender — Showing a lot of women, exotic. Don't see men represented because your audience is male.
    1. : Trump's 2017 U.N. speech trans

      Advocates for strong nation states as a way to elevate the human conditions. Argues that the UN post-WWII has been continually rigged against America. Smaller nations have broken the international system.

      • Uses the word "sovereignty" 22 times — Voyant textual analysis.
      • Nationalist document.
    1. Advocates for strong nation states as a way to elevate the human conditions. Argues that the UN post-WWII has been continually rigged against America. Smaller nations have broken the international system.

      • Uses the word "sovereignty" 22 times — Voyant textual analysis.
      • Nationalist document.
    1. Calling people out using the constructionist ideals — The American government is not living up to their high ideals.

      Poetry as a way to express frustration when there is no way to go up against actual US military power. A weapon of the weak; a powerful message.

    1. This document informs the way Americans have seen themselves since the beginning of the twentieth century.

      Interventions are presented as idealistically noble and undeniably moralistic. Instead of recognizing the complexities and consequences of intervention, we continue to propagate intervention as an ideological imperative

      We take on the domestic issues of other nations without being invited to take part. We identify as the prevailer of freedom and democracy when these are just ideals that we aspire to, sometimes missing the mark just as terribly as the nations we seek to guide and coerce.

    1. Although the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 was essentially passive (it asked that Europeans not increase their influence or recolonize any part of the Western Hemisphere), by the 20th century a more confident United States was willing to take on the role of regional policeman.

      While the Monroe Doctrine has been around since 1823, it was unenforceable. Now America can back up their assertions.

  10. Aug 2017
    1. Realmente promueve la construcción de conocimiento porque obliga a activar el pensamiento individual, a buscar formas de investigar sea en forma independiente o en grupo, y promueve valores en forma semiconsciente como la cooperación, la responsabilidad, la comunicación, el trabajo en equipo, la autoevaluación individual y de los compañeros (ITESM,2001).

      Working and collaborating will promote faster language acquisition

  11. Jul 2017
    1. In my classroom, we spend a lot of time talking about how to summarize a text by finding pertinent points and casting them in one’s own words.

      As a foreing language teacher, we need ti remind our students that information has to be summarize and analize in order to use it.

  12. Apr 2017
    1. Massanello

      Masaniello (an abbreviation of Tomasso Aniello) led a revolt against Spain in 1647. Born and raised in Naples, Masaniello was a fisherman and fishmonger. In the 1640s, Spain, which ruled Naples, imposed a series of heavy taxes in order to help fund its wars elsewhere. The Neapolitans revolted on July 7, 1647, and Masaniello, a well-known man, attempted to discipline the mob. Eventually, he became the rebel leader, negotiated terms with the Spanish, and became "captain-general of the Neapolitan people." However, he began to act erratically, and by July 17, 1647, he had been assassinated.

    1. Swisserland

      The loose confederation of states that became modern Switzerland first formed at the end of the thirteenth century. In the eighteenth century, the confederacy was nominally a republic but was ruled by an oligarchic group of aristocrats.

    2. Holland

      The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, or the Dutch Republic, was a confederation of seven provinces. This confederation lasted from 1581 to 1795. This period constituted what is often called the "Dutch Golden Age," when the Dutch ruled a maritime empire around the globe and was an influential economic power. Dutch East India Trading Company Ship, c. 1600

  13. enst31501sp2017.courses.bucknell.edu enst31501sp2017.courses.bucknell.edu
    1. foreign oi

      This article considers other ongoing world events (specifically, the Gulf War) in order to pressure Congress’s pending approval of drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. At this point in time, there had been a joint drilling executed by BP and Chevron, but the results were declared a corporate secret and were not released to policy makers, other oil companies, or the public. A major reason why the drilling was being pushed was to have a lesser reliance on foreign oil.

      Balzar, John. "Arctic Wildlife Refuge may be Casualty of Persian Gulf Crisis." Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File), Aug 26, 1990. Accessed March 25, 2017. https://search.proquest.com/docview/1461028582?accountid=9784

  14. Oct 2016
    1. Datta. Dayadhvam. Damyata.

      Datta: give/giving

      Dayadhvam: compassion/be compassionate

      Damyata: control/self-control

    2. DA

      "Da" in German is similar to the English word "there." It is also used to mean "being present," not just as a location pointer. It was originally "there" as in "not here" but as all words' meanings morph over time, it can now also mean "then." So "Da" as a word occupies a space and a time.