24 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
  2. Jul 2020
  3. Jun 2020
  4. May 2020
    1. The GDPR permits data transfers of EU resident data outside of the European Economic Area (EEA) only when in compliance with set conditions.
    2. This scope effectively covers almost all companies and, therefore, means that the GDPR can apply to you whether your organization is based in the EU or not. As a matter of fact, this PwC survey showed that the GDPR is a top data protection priority for up to 92 percent of U.S. companies surveyed.
    1. the data subject has explicitly consented to the proposed transfer, after having been informed of the possible risks of such transfers for the data subject due to the absence of an adequacy decision and appropriate safeguards;
    2. In the absence of an adequacy decision pursuant to Article 45(3), or of appropriate safeguards pursuant to Article 46, including binding corporate rules, a transfer or a set of transfers of personal data to a third country or an international organisation shall take place only on one of the following conditions:

      These conditions are individually sufficient and jointly necessary (https://hyp.is/e0RRFJCfEeqwuR_MillmPA/en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Necessity_and_sufficiency).

      Each of the conditions listed is a sufficient (but, by itself, not necessary) condition for legal transfer (T) of personal data to a third country or an international organisation. In other words, if any of those conditions is true, then legal transfer is also true.

      On the other hand, the list of conditions (C; let C be the disjunction of the conditions a-g: a or b or c ...) are jointly necessary for legal transfer (T) to be true. That is:

      • T cannot be true unless C (one of a or b or c ...) is true
      • if C is false (there is not one of a or b or c ... that is true), then T is false
      • T ⇒ C
      • C ⇐ T
    1. EU law prohibits the personal data of EU citizens from being transferred outside the EU to countries which do not ensure an adequate level of protection for that data.
    2. This framework serves the purpose of protecting Europeans’ personal data after the transfer to the US and correlates with GDPR requirements for Cross Boarder Data Transfers.
    1. Meet specific requirements if transferring data outside of the EAA. The GDPR permits data transfers of EU resident data outside of the European Economic Area (EEA) only when in compliance with set conditions.
    2. An entity not established in the EU offers goods or services (even if the offer is for free) to people in the EU. The entity can be government agencies, private/public companies, individuals and non-profits;
    3. Determining your law of reference Generally, the laws of a particular region apply if: You base your operations there; or You use processing services or servers based in the region; or Your service targets users from that region This effectively means that regional regulations may apply to you and/or your business whether you’re located in the region or not. For that reason, it’s always advisable that you approach your data processing activities with the strictest applicable regulations in mind.
    1. the GDPR restricts transfers of personal data outside the EEA, or the protection of the GDPR, unless the rights of the individuals in respect of their personal data is protected in another way
  5. Apr 2020
  6. Dec 2019
    1. Arguably, the rails-team's choice of raising ArgumentError instead of validation error is correct in the sense that we have full control over what options a user can select from a radio buttons group, or can select over a select field, so if a programmer happens to add a new radio button that has a typo for its value, then it is good to raise an error as it is an application error, and not a user error. However, for APIs, this will not work because we do not have any control anymore on what values get sent to the server.
    1. I really dislike the reasoning as stated in the issue listed above. Since the value is coming over the wire, it should be treated the same as a freetext input where the expectation is to validate in the model and not the controller. This is especially true in APIs where the developers have even less of a say as far as expected input coming from form data (for example).
  7. Feb 2019
    1. by these elucidations given rise or increase to his doubts, and drawn obscurity upon the place

      Following Dr. Rivers's postmodern note, this reminds me of our discussion in class related to Nietzsche, how we're so often trained to assume that the text means something other than the text itself, and we search for the "true" meaning buried underneath the text, perhaps in the author's subconscious. I'm reminded to of a comment made in Dr. Johnston's poetry class, that we as critics don't spend enough time on simply characterizing texts; in place of depth arrived at through analysis, we should strive for complexity in our attempt to take the words on the page at their word.

  8. May 2017
  9. Nov 2015
    1. You need to take some time each day to specifically be out from Mind and ignore the demands which seem to be coming from “out there.“
  10. Sep 2015
    1. multiple mechanisms

      Do my best to understand in a general way some of the chemical bases for these pathways. Dr. Samuels possibly. Might get somewhere by looking up a few of the terms.