30 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2019
    1. An epistemic bubble is when you don’t hear people from the other side. An echo chamber is what happens when you don’t trust people from the other side.
    1. mainstream media representation of the YouTube platform portrays its comment culture as a toxic environment, averse to any kind of intelligible or worthwhile discus-sion

      the site is dismissed as a waste, without meaningful, intelligent content or any kind of benefit. this image is propagated by the mainstream which has delayed its recognition as a valuable tool for learning or data source in studies of modern public discourse

  2. Jul 2019
    1. literary studies teaches literacies across a range of media forms, including print and digital, and focuses on interpretation and analysis of patterns, meaning, and context through close, hyper-, and machine reading practices.

      the future of literature

    2. Because their mission is to encourage wide-spread use across and among campuses and to foster collaborations among academic, government, corporate, and community stakeholders, they see humanistic inquiry and artistic creation as missing parts of the picture that enrich the mix.

      there is a need for more interdisciplinary efforts and projects to birth transdisciplinary projects that unite and alter the nature of established fields, to more digitally appropriate equivalents.

    3. it offers students traditional literary training; it expands their sense of how they can use digital media to analyze literary texts; and it encourages them to connect literary methodologies with those of other fields they may be entering. It offers close reading not as an unquestioned good but as one methodol-ogy among several, with distinctive capabilities and limitations. Moreover, because de-cisions about how to encode and analyze texts using software programs require precise thinking about priorities, goals, and methodologies, it clarifies the assumptions that undergird close reading by translating them into algorithmic analysis
    4. ensure that deep attention and close reading continue to be vibrant components of our reading cultures and interact synergistically with the kind of Web and hyperreading in which our young people are increasingly immersed

      both types of reading can and should co-exist

    5. lose reading justifies the discipline’s con-tinued existence in the academy, including the monies spent to support literature fac-ulty and departments. More broadly, close reading in this view constitutes the major part of the cultural capital that literary studies relies on to prove its worth to society

      the practice must be justified to maintain integrity and funding. if this is the primary defining and useful practice of the discipline, then questioning it's validity cannot be an option (for some).

    6. how to make effective bridges between digital reading and the literacy traditionally associated with print.
    7. how to convert the increased digital reading into increased reading ability
  3. Apr 2019
    1. inally,rhetoricalsituationscomeintoexistence,theneithermatureordecayormatureandpersist-conceivably,somepersistinde£nitely

      Can there be multiple rhetorical acts in one situation? And if a situation dissolves does the rhetoric also?

  4. Feb 2019
    1. L e,l�H �•.d h"'-� � 1-..... � �ku--h1,,:, _.._ t...11-r l .,..;_, .a. lt •..

      Agreed. While most of the other texts/excerpts can stand alone to have the reader make of it what they will, I feel that these plates alone don't convey enough sense of their context or significance.

      No wonder Whately preferred Sheridan.

    1. me Truth which was dry and Unaffecting in a vulgar Authors words, Charms and Subdues you when cloath'd in his

      It's often more than just the words themselves or the way they are delivered that make such a difference, though. The first example that came to mind is Thersites's and Achilles's speeches in Book 2 of The Illiad, where Thersites (a lowly, uncouth, and ugly soldier) says essentially the same speech (in mostly the same words) as Achilles--one is well received and the other is not, but the difference wasn't strictly in charm.

    2. et if you will believe it impos­sible, and upon that nr any other prejudice for­hear t'attcmpl it, l'mc like lo go without my Wishes; my Arguments what ever they may be in themselves, arc weak and impertinent lo you, be­cause you make them useless and defeat them of the End they aim at

      Here Astell seems to be saying that if her audience is prejudiced against her, has already set in their minds that her task is impossible, then she'll get nowhere. Nice insight into the nature of the audience and their receptivity. Sometimes a fight is lost before it's ever begun, though that doesn't mean to stop trying. There's always another audience, one brought on by another exigence, context, or cultural technique (although below, she seems to be insisting that there's some kernel of perwasive opportunity left to her, can she but root it out).

    1. you to Arm your Selves, supposing you to be of the Masculine Sex, and of Valiant Heroical Natures, to enter into the Field of Warr;

      Interesting call for the reader to put themselves into this perspective, to immerse themselves in this context; the following list is a map of the journey she plans on taking the reader through with her orations, the diversity of which illustrate the breadth and scope of rhetoric and persuasion.

  5. Jan 2019
    1. s opposed to the dynamic,insurgent and more cyclical time of becoming orAion

      The "time" represented by Aion is unbounded, in contrast to Chronos as empirical time divided into past, present, and future: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aion_(deity)

      Unlike both Aion or Chronos, kairos is a particular moment of time, a timely or opportune moment. It is situated in a particular context or need (a rhetorical situation).

  6. Dec 2018
    1. We had come from our home at Clazomenae to Athens, and met Adeimantus and Glaucon in the Agora.

      a specific place. Thinking is being situated. It would be interesting to look at all the incipit of Plato's dialogues

  7. Feb 2018
    1. “These are unprecedented, brazen acts of censorship by a corporate monopoly that controls a primary channel of public communication,” said Nehlen, who’s running against Ryan in the GOP congressional primaries in Wisconsin. “It has severely compromised the integrity of our election processes, and Congress needs to hold public hearings and conduct a full investigation into these matters without delay.”

      This language is ripe for studying.

  8. Apr 2017
    1. Rhetoricaldiscourseiscalledintoinstancesofrhetoricalspeakingand'writingarestronglyinvited

      Hypothesis was not cooperating with me, but I was trying to highlight "perceives" because I think this word complicates his idea of rhetorical situations. The criticism from Vatz is that he denies the rhetor's agency and gives the situation too much power over rhetoric, but this instance does seem to suggest some sort of agency on the part of the rhetor.

    2. Meal1ing;-contextisageu"eral.couditiQI1ofhumancommunicationandisnot~~onymouswithrhetoricalsituation

      This is obviously key, but I feel like some examples would help.

      Can we think up some good examples of this difference?

      I suspect it's the difference between situational factors which are not directly relevant/impactful to the rhetoric (such as whether the speech was delivered on a Wednesday, whether there was a light rain the night before, the size of the room in which the rhetor is speaking) and the factors which contribute to some urgency that demands a rhetorical response (recent political actions, a sudden death, impending threats from an outside force, etc.)

    3. eporterscreatedhundredsofmessages

      I like this example; the moment was so urgent that it demanded a rhetorical response, but a particular kind of rhetorical response that could be predicted before it was ever written out. It could be predicted so easily that hundreds of reporters performed it almost at once. There are certain types of rhetorical performances that we expect, and certain people from whom we expect those responses, to the point that they become comforting and predictable, regardless of the drama of the context:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g0ou1RG38Pc

    4. magineforamomenttheGettysburgAddressentirelyseparatedfromitssituationandexistingforusindependentofanyrhetoricalcontext

      This is of course easier said than done. I think this video is an interesting experiment of this idea in action, though. It includes 40 "inspirational moments" from different films. In context, each is the climax of the film, and is meant to be a persuasive rhetorical moment, but pulled from their contexts and strung together, many of the moments lose their emotional impact unless perhaps you are already so familiar with that particular film that the context floods back to you all at once:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d6wRkzCW5qI

    1. ound," they are usually created.

      Depends which kind of rhetor you are. For this example, if you are say the government official that is involved in this situation, the case could be made that the situation was created. But, if you are a reporter or some media employee, chances are you "found" the situation and translated to the public. At the same time, that's also the literally sense of found, which most likely isn't the meaning here.

    1. implyput,thedeconstructionofthesubjectopensuppossi-bilitiesforthefieldofRhetoricbyenablingustoreadtherhetori-calsituationasaneventstructurednotbyalogicofinfluencebutbyalogicofarticulation.

      What implications does this have for all the weeks we were worrying about a hostile audience? If you can't address that problem, then why go through such lengths? What has this all been about?

  9. Feb 2017
    1. Part V. Connexion of Place

      This section is jumping out at me this time around. Keep it mind later on when we turn to discuss the elements of the rhetorical situation. Campbell opens up for discussing the material dimensions of rhetoric: not simply rhetoric as the discursive activity of humans, but as an emergent aspect of human and nonhuman relations. Also, recall here Rickert on the role of the caves themselves in the making of cave art.

  10. Jul 2016
    1. Whereas Bitzer suggests that the rhetor discovers exigencies that already exist, Vatz argues that exigencies are created for audiences through the rhetor's work.

      Bitzer="discovers" exigence. Vatz="created" exigence.

  11. Oct 2015
    1. The economic situation he dealt with by means of a vast programme of infrastructural investment both at home and abroad.

      the economic situation is a deciding factor in the level of growth in urbanization a society experiences