442 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. There was no public forum for incremental advances.

      I've never thought of the academic paper as a format that enabled the documentation of incremental progress.

    1. Network science is now a mature research field, whose growth was catalysed by the introduction of the ‘small world’ network model in 1998. Networks give mathematical descriptions of systems containing containing many interacting components, including power grids, neuronal networks and ecosystems. This collection brings together selected research, comments and review articles on how networks are structured (Layers & structure); how networks can describe healthy and disordered systems (Brain & disorders); how dynamics unfold on networks (Dynamics & spread); and community structures and resilience in networks (Community & resilience).

      This is a great looking collection of articles on network science.

  2. May 2021
  3. Apr 2021
    1. Apidologie

      Translations :

      • French translation (title and keywords): <br/> La taille du corps mais non l’âge influence la phototaxis chez les bourdons (Bombus terrestris L.).

      activité locomotrice / division du travail / taille du corps / phototaxie / âge / Bombus

      • German translation (title and keywords): <br/> Die Körpergrösse und nicht das Alter beeinflusst das Phototaxisverhalten bei Arbeiterinnen der Hummel Bombus terrestris L.

      Bewegungsaktivität / Arbeitsteilung / Körpergrösse / Phototaxis / Alter / Bombus

    1. Species turnover and low stability in a community of euglossine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) sampled within 28 years in an urban forest fragment

      French translation (title and keywords):

      Turnover d’espèces et faible stabilité dans une communauté d’abeilles euglossine (Hymenoptera : Apidae) échantillonnée dans un fragment de forêt urbaine, pendant 28 ans.

      Euglossa cordata / Eulaema nigrita / abeille à orchidées / espèce résiliente.

      German translation (title and keywords):

      Artenwechsel und geringe Stabilität in einer Gemeinschaft von Euglossinen (Hymenoptera: Apidae), die über einen Zeitraum von 28 Jahren in einem urbanen Waldfragment gesammelt wurden.

      Euglossa cordata / Eulaema nigrita / Prachtbienen/ resiliente Arten.

  4. Mar 2021
  5. Feb 2021
  6. Jan 2021
    1. The submitted manuscript is a privileged communication; reviewers must treat it as confidential. It should not be retained or copied. Also, reviewers must not share the manuscript with any colleagues without the explicit permission of the editor. Reviewers and editors must not make any personal or professional use of the data, arguments, or interpretations (other than those directly involved in its peer review) prior to publication unless they have the authors' specific permission or are writing an editorial or commentary to accompany the article.

      Etika untuk Mitra Bestari

    2. The reviewer should have identified and commented on major strengths and weaknesses of study design and methodology The reviewer should comment accurately and constructively upon the quality of the author's interpretation of the data, including acknowledgment of its limitations. The reviewer should comment on major strengths and weaknesses of the manuscript as a written communication, independent of the design, methodology, results, and interpretation of the study. The reviewer should comment on any ethical concerns raised by the study, or any possible evidence of low standards of scientific conduct. The reviewer should provide the author with useful suggestions for improvement of the manuscript. The reviewer's comments to the author should be constructive and professional The review should provide the editor the proper context and perspective to make a decision on acceptance (and/or revision) of the manuscript.

      Poin-poin yang mejadi tolok ukur mitra bestari dalam melakukan review

    3. to provide written assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of written research, with the aim of improving the reporting of research and identifying the most appropriate and highest quality material for the journal

      Tujuan dari peninjauan sejawat (peer-review) adalah mengetahui kekuatan dan kelemahan naskah sehingga dapat dilakukan peningkatan mutu.

    4. Authorship

      semua orang yang berkontribusi secara substansial terhadap proses perencanaan, pengumpulan data, interpretasi hasil maupun penulisan dan merevisi naskah secara kritis dan menyetujui manuskrip versi akhir dan setuju untuk bertanggung jawab atas semua aspek pekerjaan. Setiap orang yang memenuhi kriteria pertama harus diizinkan berpartisipasi dalam penyusunan dan persetujuan manuskrip versi final (ICMJE 2017). Penulis pertama haruslah seseorang yang berkontribusi paling banyak.

      https://www.ease.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/doi.10.20316.ESE_.2018.44.e1.in_.pdf

    5. Animal experiments should require full compliance with local, national, ethical, and regulatory principles, and local licensing arrangements

      Demikian juga dengan penggunaan hewan sebayak objek kajian, harus mengikuti standar etika yang berlaku (Helsinki).

    6. Journals should have explicit policies as to whether these review board approvals must be documented by the authors, or simply attested to in their cover letter, and how they should be described in the manuscript itself

      Seminimal mungkin, penulis harus menyampaikan keputusan etik dari komisi etik dan lebih ideal lagi jika menyertakan surat keputusan bebas etiknya.

    7. For those investigators who do not have access to formal ethics review committees, the principles outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki should be followed

      Jika tidak memungkinkan untuk diperoleh hasil review etik, penulis seharusnya secara explisit menjelaskan apakah pelaksanaan kajian sesuai dengan Deklarasi Helsinki atau mereka memiliki pandangan lain.

    8. Documented review and approval from a formally constituted review board (Institutional Review Board or Ethics committee) should be required for all studies involving people, medical records, and human tissues

      Penulis harus menyertakan keterangan bebas review yang diterbitkan oleh komisi etik penelitian kesehatan.

    9. Fabrication, falsification, concealment, deceptive reporting, or misrepresentation of data constitute scientific misconduct

      Untuk mencapai kualitas terbaik pada ilmu pengetahuan yang diterbitkan, kajian harus terbebas dari permasalahan etika tersebut

  7. Dec 2020
    1. Following the model of open-source software, we can enter our ideas and expressions into public discourse

      This also isn't a well-aligned argument. Articles published in a for-profit journal are entered into the public discourse (although obviously not into the public domain). Unless public means "without cost", which I don't think it does.

      We might want to broaden this to include open-access, which is specific to publication models.

  8. Nov 2020
  9. Oct 2020
  10. Sep 2020
    1. We use the em dash to create a strong break in the structure of a sentence. We can use these dashes in pairs, as we would use parentheses—that is, to enclose a word, or a phrase, or a clause (as we’ve done here)—or they can be used alone to detach one end of a sentence from its main body.
    2. on Hyphen, em dashes and en dashes.

    1. hyphen, em dash, en dash

      Hyphen

      1. combine words making compounds.

      e.g., well-being advanced-level school-aged 16-year-old

      Em Dash

      Em is a typographical unit of measure.

      1. Use the em dash to create a strong break in the meaning and structure of a sentence. They can be used in pairs like parentheses, or alone as a way to detach the end or beginning of a sentence from the main body.

      En Dash means as "through", often used to describe a range of numbers 2–27, 30–35 years old.

      In the associated press style there is advice to use a space in between the dashes.

      When to use em dashes versus comma vs. em dashes.

      Parentheses, can sometimes be interpreted to downplay importance of information.

      Commas, okay to use unless you have more commas in the sentence, and doesn't draw particular attention to info — doesn't emphasize it enough.

      Em Dashes, indicate that information is important or are useful when commas don't work.

  11. Aug 2020
    1. It will find there is "very little evidence that the virus is transmitted in schools",

      The reporter interviewed Professor Russel Viner, president of Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health. Apparently, a study was conducted through April to June which collected information of 20,000 students and 100 teachers yet there is no link to this study, did not get peer reviewed or published. It is all just claims at this point. We have no knowledge if these are private schools or public, if there were any safety measures in place, if this included online classes vs in class.

      However, according to CDC and the respected studies it cited, there seems to be lower transmission rates among children and transmission from child to family, but this remains inconclusive. There still needs to be more evidence to be gathered.

  12. Jul 2020