957 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. 4. Robustifying a link when linking to a specific version

      If the main intent is to link to a specific state of an original resource, for example a snapshot of the original resource in a web archive or one of its version in a version control system, then Robust Link information is conveyed as follows:

      • href for the URI that provides the specific state i.e., the snapshot or resource version;
      • data-originalurl for the URI of the original resource;
      • data-versiondate for the datetime of the snapshot or resource version.

      [...]

      <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Web_archiving&oldid=485347845"
         data-originalurl="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_archiving"
         data-versiondate="2012-03-20">Robust Link to this specific version of the Wikipedia page</a>
      
    2. 3. Robustifying a link when linking to the original resource

      If the main intent is to link to an original resource but also allow future users of that link to see the state of the original resource around the time the link was put in place, then Robust Link information is conveyed as follows:

      • href for the URI of the original resource for which the snapshot was taken;
      • data-versionurl for the URI of the snapshot;
      • data-versiondate for the datetime of linking, of taking the snapshot.

      [...]

      <a href="http://www.w3.org/"
         data-versionurl="https://archive.today/r7cov"
         data-versiondate="2015-01-21">Robust Link to the W3C home page</a>
      
    3. The approach proposed here is to convey this information on a link by leveraging HTML5's attribute extensibility mechanism. It introduces the following data- attributes for the anchor (<a>) element:

      • data-originalurl for the URI of the original resource;
      • data-versionurl for the URI of the snapshot;
      • data-versiondate for the datetime of linking, of taking the snapshot.
    4. Robust Links provide multiple pathways to revisit a link's original content, even a long time after the link was put in place. This document describes approaches to robustify links in HTML pages. All approaches assume that, when linking to a web resource, a snapshot of the state of that resource is created, for example, in a web archive or a versioning system. When linking, the URI of the resource, the URI of the snapshot, and the datetime of linking are conveyed.
  2. Jan 2022
    1. The ticket which tracks issues using Gmail with Thunderbird (Bug 402793)

      Notice how it was created >= 14 years ago and is still open.

      Notice how they just keep updating it by adding "Depends on:" "No longer depends on:" (cleaner than adding the details of those related/sub issues directly here)

  3. takingnotenow.blogspot.com takingnotenow.blogspot.com
    1. What we Remember by Manfred Kuehn https://takingnotenow.blogspot.com/2007/12/

      archive: https://web.archive.org/web/20201021192005/https://takingnotenow.blogspot.com/2007/12/

      Dutch psychologist Wilem Wagenaar conducted memory related experiments on recollecting what, where, who, and when for the most interesting experiences of his days. It turned out that the "What?" was most useful followed by where? and who?, but that "when?" was "useless in every instance".

      p.116 of Stefan Klein, The Secret Pulse of Time: Making Sense of Life's Scarcest Commodity, Marlowe & Company, 2007, New York.

      Despite this, timestamps might serve other functions within a note taking system. The might include conceiving of ideas, temporal order of ideas presented, etc.

  4. Dec 2021
    1. This code creates a simple web site that queries Wikipedia to get the edit history of a page and renders it as a "history flow" in SVG.
      <figure> </figure>
    1. Instant Dates and Times

      Temporal.Instant returns an object representing a date and time to the nearest nanosecond according to an ISO 8601 formatted string:

    1. 
      //getDates.js
      
      // Returns an array of dates between the two dates
      function getDates (startDate, endDate) {
        const dates = []
        let currentDate = startDate
        const addDays = function (days) {
          const date = new Date(this.valueOf())
          date.setDate(date.getDate() + days)
          return date
        }
        while (currentDate <= endDate) {
          dates.push(currentDate)
          currentDate = addDays.call(currentDate, 1)
        }
        return dates
      }
      
      // Usage
      const dates = getDates(new Date(2013, 10, 22), new Date(2013, 11, 25))
      dates.forEach(function (date) {
        console.log(date)
      })
      
    1. Abstract: [...] [The HTTP Memento protocol] lacks support for the management of data updated at high frequencies or the interactions during resource modification and only provides inefficient means for managing resources with many revisions. To address these shortcomings, we propose three extensions to the HTTP Memento protocol: arbitrary resolution timestamps, resource creation support and range requests for TimeMaps. We provide a reference implementation of our proposals as open source software and quantitatively evaluate the extensions’ performance, showcasing superior results in terms of resource capacity, insertion correctness, latency and amount of transferred data.

    1. Position Statement W3C Video Workshop 12/13th Dec 2007

      "Architecture of a Video Web - Experience with Annodex"

    1. The Annodex annotation format for time-continuous bitstreams, Version 2.0 draft-pfeiffer-annodex-01

      Abstract

      This specification defines a file format for annotating and indexing time-continuous bitstreams for the World Wide Web. The format has been named "Annodex" for annotating and indexing. The Annodex format enables the specification of named anchor points in time-continuous bitstreams together with textual annotations and hyperlinks in URI [4] format. These anchor points are merged time-synchronously with the time-continuous bitstreams when authoring a file in Annodex format. The ultimate aim of the Annodex format is to enable an integration of time-continous bitstreams into the browsing and searching functionality of the World Wide Web.

    1. Dr Duncan Robertson. (2021, December 15). Cases on the dashboard exclude reinfections.And there are a lot of reinfections as far as Omicron is concerned h/t @AlistairHaimes and @Peston And this is only cases reported today—Not from infections today With a 2-day doubling time for Omicron, this isn’t great https://t.co/fU2RLhshtn [Tweet]. @Dr_D_Robertson. https://twitter.com/Dr_D_Robertson/status/1471156538681315336

    1. In her book Meaning in Life and Why it Matters (2010), the US philosopher Susan Wolf has argued, against Taylor, that even if Sisyphus is feeling fulfilled, owing to the nature of the activity in which he is engaged, his feeling fulfilled is not reasonable. She argues that the object of an agent’s feeling of fulfilment is represented in the mind of the agent as being something that is objectively good. In the case of Sisyphus, even if he is fulfilled, he misrepresents the source of his fulfilment as good. So Wolf argues that the meaningfulness of an activity or goal is a function not only of one’s being fulfilled in engaging in it/pursuing it, but the feeling of fulfilment also needs to be a fitting response to the activity or goal. And it is only a fitting response if the activity or goal is objectively pursuit-worthy. What would render an activity or goal objectively pursuit-worthy? Objective pursuit-worthiness is in part owing to the value of the end or activity coming from outside of oneself. Wolf admits that determining objective pursuit-worthiness is not easy, and involves a process of discovery. A possibility not explicitly endorsed by Wolf (but not rejected by her, either) is that an activity or goal is objectively pursuit-worthy if engaging in that activity is conducive to the cultivation of virtues. My suggestion is that, so long as an activity is generally conducive to developing character traits and intellectual traits that will enhance and not impede the flourishing of both an agent and those with whom they interact, it is objectively pursuit-worthy.

      Intellectual and character growth holistically, in a positive manner. That is the objective worthiness of any task. These goals, must be outlined in any activity undertaken, and their worth must be scaled according to our own standards. Because time is limited, it serves us well to maximise the objective worthiness that we extract from any task/activity/job/career. Thus time frames must also be defined. A multifaceted growth mindset requires a constant reexamination of all these aspect- i.e.- objective worthiness and time frame. An unexamined life is not worth living, and this shall be applied ona daily basis. One must recognise where they lose time, fill those holes, and proceed to extract some meaning from it.

    1. This loop showcases a UI pattern that I think could be improved. There is an "edit" button visible, which opens the sidebar. The principles should more closely resemble the Hypothesis sidebar. Instead of requiring an explicit edit button which the user clicks, the editor should operate on object selections. Merely clicking any of the displayed values should select it, which should provide a handle to the underlying object, which should reveal the editor sidebar (with, ideally, the relevant field focused).

  5. Nov 2021
    1. Similarly, the Date Time column is very useful, but not in this string form. Start by converting it to seconds:
      timestamp_s = date_time.map(pd.Timestamp.timestamp)
      

      and then create "Time of day" and "Time of year" signals:

      day = 24*60*60
      year = (365.2425)*day
      
      df['Day sin'] = np.sin(timestamp_s * (2 * np.pi / day))
      df['Day cos'] = np.cos(timestamp_s * (2 * np.pi / day))
      df['Year sin'] = np.sin(timestamp_s * (2 * np.pi / year))
      df['Year cos'] = np.cos(timestamp_s * (2 * np.pi / year))
      
    2. date_time = pd.to_datetime(df.pop('Date Time'), format='%d.%m.%Y %H:%M:%S')
    1. That's a picture of it in the background. And this organism has the special trick that we call "photosynthesis," the ability to go take energy from the sun and transform carbon dioxide into oxygen. And over the course of billions of years, so starting from two and a half billion years ago, little by little these bacteria spread across the planet 00:07:08 and converted all that carbon dioxide in the air into the oxygen that we now have. And it was a very slow process. First, they had to saturate the seas, then they had to saturate the oxygen that the earth would absorb, and only then, finally, could oxygen begin to build up in the atmosphere. So you see, just after about 900 million years ago, oxygen starts to build up in the atmosphere. And about 600 million years ago, something really amazing happens. 00:07:35 The ozone layer forms from the oxygen that has been released in the atmosphere. And it sounds like a small deal, like we talked about the ozone a couple decades ago, but it actually turns out that before the ozone layer existed, earth was not really able to sustain complex, multicellular life. We had single-celled organisms, we had a couple of simple, multicellular organisms, but we didn't really have anything like you or me. 00:07:59 And shortly after the ozone layer came into place, the earth was able to sustain complex multicellular life. There was a Cambrian explosion of life in the seas. And the first plants got onto land. In fact, there was actually no life on land ahead of that. Another way to see this is, this is kind of a chart of pretty much most of the animals that you guys are familiar with. 00:08:24 And right at the bottom in time is the formation of the ozone layer. Like nothing that you are familiar with today could exist without the contributions of these tiny organisms over those billions of years. And where are they now? Well actually, they never really left us. The direct descendants of the cyanobacteria were eventually captured by plants. And they're now called chloroplasts. 00:08:49 So this is a zoom-in of a plant leaf - and we probably ate some of these guys today - where tons of little chloroplasts are still trapped - contributing photosynthesis and making energy for the plants that continue to be the other half of our lungs on earth. And in this way, our breaths are very deeply united. Every out-breath is mirrored by the in-breath of a plant,

      This would be nice to turn into a science lesson or to represent this in an experiential, participatory Deep Humanity BEing Journey. To do this, it would be important to elucidate the series of steps leading from one stated result to the next, showing how scientific methodology works to link the series of interconnected ideas together. Especially important is the science that glues everything together over deep time.

    1. A Human hour (HUR), denoted as ħ, here is defined as population-weighted all-countries average price of an hour (3600 SI seconds) of human labor in all economic sectors.
    1. The type-fest package contains only types, meaning they are only used at compile-time and nothing is ever compiled into actual JavaScript code. This package contains functions that are compiled into JavaScript code and used at runtime.
  6. Oct 2021
    1. Time, energy, and matter

      This article refers to the site I created to document the design process for the builders collective: time, energy, and matter, which redirects to timeenergyresources.com.

    1. time as the new currency

      Marilyn Waring

      Time: The New Currency

      Women tend to be excluded from the national economy because their work is not paid and therefore not value or factored into the Gross Domestic Product of a nation. Money, then, is a mechanism for disempowerment.

    1. General relativity implies that information gets destroyed; quantum theory says it’s preserved. Hence the paradox.

      Isn't this an example of the law of the excluded middle? If LoEM doesn't exist (in Gisin's theory), then could there be information that isn't either created or destroyed?

    1. More directly about this gilded path through the tool. So, in an initial version of Sketch-n-Sketch and the version that we demoed at Strange Loop, there were many requirements about the syntactic structure of the program that if they weren’t satisfied certain interactions in the output would no longer be available. So a simple example is in that initial milestone, the main expression, the main definition of the program essentially had to be a list literal of shapes. And each of those shapes had to be a top level definition in your program and only then could certain interactions be available to users.
  7. Sep 2021
    1. Summary:

      "What has time done to us?"

    2. . . . the Nuer have no expression equivalent to "time" in our language, and they cannot, therefore, as we can, speak of time as though it were something actual, which passes, can be wasted, can be saved, and so forth. I do not think that they ever experience the same feeling of fighting against time or of having to co-ordinate activities with an abstract passage of time because their points of reference are mainly the activities themselves, which are generally of a leisurely character. Events follow a logical order, but they are not controlled by an abstract system, there being no autonomous points of reference to which activities have to conform with precision. Nuer are fortunate. 129 O

      129 E. Evans-Pritchard, op. cit., p. 103.

    3. em ? Puritanism, in its marriage of convenience with industrial capitalism, was the agent which converted men to new valuations of time; which taught children even in their infancy to improve each shining hour; and which saturated men's minds with the equation, time is money.128 O
    4. ple". The Mexican mineworker had the custom of returning to his village for corn planting and harvest: His lack of initiative, inability to save, absences while celebrating too many holidays, willingness to work only three or four days a week if that paid for necessities, insatiable desire for alchohol - all were pointed out as proof of a natural inferiority. He

      In the next paragraphs, it turns out that there isn't laziness, but misaligned incentives. The lifeways of the people involved were not those of the writer who jumped to conclusions about the people who were different from him.

      In generalizations supported by another study of Mexican labour conditions, Wilbert Moore remarks: "Work is almost always task-orientated in non-industrial societies ... and ... it may be appropriate to tie wages to tasks and not directly to time in newly developing areas".

      When comparing and contrasting cultures, empathy for each and their particular incentives must be taken into account.

      This is particularly important as he's spent a dozen pages talking about how poorly the English dealt with industrialization over centuries themselves. How quickly we forget.

    5. ethodists, the Evangelicals took up the theme. Hannah More contributed her own imperishable lines on "Early Rising": Thou silent murderer, Sloth, no more My mind imprison'd keep; Nor let me waste another hour With thee, thou felon Sleep.10

      The number of quotes and passages here makes me wonder what his sources were and how he came to them?

      Did he keep a commonplace book and collect references on time? Find them via other's or from published collections? The number and types of them, particularly in the non-technical literature he's citing makes me think that something like a commonplace pattern is being leveraged here.

    6. ? We should, perhaps, turn the problem around once again, and place it within the evolution of the Puritan ethic.

      This immediately brings to mind Max Webber, but before thinking about that,

      What about the overall discussion of the relation of time to Christianity in general. Early Christians practiced eschatology and were concerned with the imminent end of the world. How has that affected our relationship with time?

      Even the rise of health care has dramatically extended our lives, thus making time a bit less valuable overall, but have we seen that effect psychologically?

    7. ty".88 William Temple, when advocating, in 1770, that poor children be sent at the age of four to work-houses where they should be employed in manufactures and given two hours' schooling a day, was explicit about the socializing influence of the process: There is considerable use in their being, somehow or other, constantly employed at least twelve hours a day, whether they earn their living or not; for by these means, we hope that the rising generation will be so habituated to constant employment that it would at length prove agreeable and entertain- ing to them .... .9

      Of course now the pendulum, for at least some, has swung the other direction and we now talk about over-scheduling our children.

    8. mill dam, attending a Baptist association and a public hanging.56 This general irregularity must be placed within the irregular cycle of the working week (and indeed of the working year) which provoked so much lament from moralists and mercantilists in the seventeenth and eighteenth centu

      The irregularity of the work day of the common people in the 17th and 18th centuries ran counter to the desires of both moralists and mercantilists.

      What might this tension tell us about both power structures both then and today?

      While specialization since that time has increased the value of goods we produce, does it help in the value of our lives and happiness?

    9. e task. Attention to time in labour depends in large degree upon the need for the synchronization of labour. But in so far as manufacturing industry remained c

      We attend to time in large measure as a need to be able to synchronize our work.

    10. the timepiece was the poor man's bank, an investment of savings: it could, in bad times, be sold or put in hock.51 "This 'ere ticker", said one Cockney compositor in the I820S, "cost me but a five-pun note ven I bort it fust, and I've popped it more than twenty times, and had more than forty poun' on it altogether. It's a garjian haingel to a fellar, is a good votch, ven you're hard up".52 Whenever any group of workers passed into a phase of improving liv

      Early example of a watching being a store of value and credit.

    11. paid urban artisan. Recorded time (one suspects) belonged in the mid-century still to the gentry, the masters, the farmers and the tradesmen; and perhaps the intricacy of design, and the preference for precious metal, were in deliberate accentuation of their symbolism of status

      Recall that we measure what we find important. This fashion of timekeeping was a tool for wielding power over others to acquire wealth.

    12. Atkins and Overall, op. cit., pp. 302, 308 - estimating (excessively?) 25,000 gold and io,ooo silver watches imported, mostly illegally, per annum; and Anon., Observations on the Art and Trade of Clock and Watchmaking (London, 1812), pp. 16-20.

      He mentions earlier that decorated timepieces were more valuable/common than accurate ones. This begins to put timepieces into the area of fashion rather than function. Perhaps there wasn't yet need for more accuracy, but the fact that watches were being made of gold and silver shows a market need for the fashion over function. Was there a market for simpler steel or cheaper metal watches at this time?

    13. Thus John Harrison, clock-maker and former carpenter of Barton-on-Humber (Lincs.), perfected a marine chronometer, and in 1730 could claim to have brought a Clock to go nearer the truth, than can be well imagin'd, considering the vast Number of seconds of Time there is in a Month, in which space of time it does not vary above one second . . I am sure I can bring it to the nicety of 2 or 3 seconds in a year.

      State of the art of timepieces in 1730.

      Could be interesting to see a graph of accuracy of timekeeping over time.

    14. A great advance in the accuracy of household clocks came with the application of the pendulum after 1658. Grandfather clocks begin to spread more widely from the I66os, but clocks with minute hands (as well as hour hands) only became common well after th

      this time.

    15. Voice is lost

      Can we, like Shepherds, tell a merry Tale? Stephen Duck, The Thresher's Tale (poem)

      There's a link here to shepherds and a bardic tradition. In some sense, shepherds have lots of time to kill during the day and thus potentially tell stories. But they're also moving around their environment which also makes it easier for them to have used songline-like methods for attaching their memories to their environment.

      How far back might this tradition go in our literate culture?

      I also wonder at the influence of time on oral traditions as the result of this. Lynne Kelly describes calendrical devices in a variety of indigenous settings in Knowledge and Power in Prehistoric Societies for potential use in annual spaced repetition. What about the spaced repetition within daily cycles of regular work as described in this paper with respect to shepherds, fishing communities, and crofting?

      The daily cycle of life may have been a part of the spaced repetition for memory.

      How might we show this?

      A quick example that comes to mind is the French children's song Alouette, Gentille Alouette which details how one kills, cleans, and dresses a chicken for cooking.

    16. nt. Time is now currency: it is not passed but spe

      Time is now currency: it is not passed but spent.

      Some of this essay shows the change in conceptualization of time and its use. Identifying it as currency certainly happened over time.

      What else might we equate with time besides money? Happiness instead? Measure it in leisure instead of solely by capitalism?

    17. . Three points may be proposed about task-orientation. First, there is a sense in which it is more humanly comprehensible than timed labour. The peasant or labourer appears to attend upon what is an observed necessity. Second, a community in which task-orientation is common appears to show least demarcation between "work" and "life". Social intercourse and labour are intermingled - the working-day lengthens or contracts according to the task - and there is no great sense of conflict between labour and "passing the time of day". Third, to men accustomed to labour timed by the clock, this attitude to labour appears to be wasteful and lacking in urgency.1
    18. e Nandi an

      Among the Nandi an occupational definition of time evolved covering not only each hour but half hours of the day.

      This reminds me of hearing attorneys journaling their day down to 7 1/2 minute increments for billing their clients.

      But based on science and with computers, we're now able to discriminate things down to the time it takes atoms to vibrate and we can date and timestamp things in our worklives to the nth degree. Even this post will have a timestamp on it down to the thousandth of a second.

    19. J. M. Synge, Plays, Poems, and Prose (Everyman edn., London, 1941), p. 257

      Curious that he quotes the writer Synge here or even that this is something Synge would have written.

      I like the idea that a culture would have been able to keep time based on the direction of the wind.

    20. oud. In Burma in recent times monks rose at daybreak "when there is light enough to see the veins in the hand".'

      An interesting definition of daybreak. Our current definitions of daybreak are not too dissimilar.

    21. als. In Madagascar time might be measured by "a rice-cooking" (about half an hour) or "the frying of a locust" (a moment).
    22. nabled Tristram to date his conception very exactly. It also provoked The Clockmaker's Outcry against the Author: The directions I had for making several clocks for the country are counter- manded; because no modest lady now dares to mention a word about winding- up a clock, without exposing herself to the sly leers and jokes of the family ... Nay, the common expression of street-walkers is, "Sir, will you have your clock wound up

      It also provoked The Clockmaker's Outcry against the author:

      [...] Nay, the common expression of street-walkers is, "Sir, will you have your clock wound up?"

      I've actually heard the euphemism clock in a sexual setting in my youth, but never heard the origin. This is the likely source. It's been 20 years or more since I've heard this in common speech though.

    23. The conventional Elizabethan images

      The conventional Elizabethan images of time as a devourer, a defacer, a bloody tyrant, a scytheman, are old enough, but there is a new immediacy and insistence.

    24. clocks from the fourteenth century onwards, how far this was itself a symptom of a new Puritan discipline and bourgeois exac

      I do not wish to argue how far the change was due to the spread of clocks from the fourteenth century onwards, how far this was itself a symptom of a new Puritan discipline and bourgeois exactitude.

      For some history of the importance of time with relation to naval navigation and trade, see: Sobel, Dava (1995). Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time. New York: Walker and Company.

    25. Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism

      • Author(s): E. P. Thompson
      • Source: Past & Present, No. 38 (Dec., 1967), pp. 56-97
      • Published by: Oxford University Press on behalf of The Past and Present Society
      • Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/649749

      <small><cite class='h-cite via'> <span class='p-author h-card'>Dan Allosso (@danallosso)</span> in Howard Zinn's A People's History, Part 1 (YouTube) (<time class='dt-published'>09/16/2021 09:28:56</time>)</cite></small>

    1. Ratson and Ben-Dov found that the scroll lays out the most important dates in the Qumran sect’s 364-day calendar, including the festivals of New Wine and New Oil, which are not mentioned in the Bible. It also reveals for the first time the name given to the special days on which the sect would celebrate the transition between seasons, four times a year. The days were referred to as “Tekufah”, which translates as “period”.

      Given their focus on dates and calendars, what other evidence of mnemonic traditions might we draw from a culture that was likely near the transition from oral to written transmission?

      Would they have had standing stones, stone circles, handheld mnemonic devices?

    1. Data Sabbath

      Surfing around on other topics and came across the suggestion of a "data Sabbath" which suggests taking a day off of screens, social media, etc. What a nice little framing.

  8. Aug 2021
    1. In everyday usage, MST is often referred to as Mountain Time (MT) or the Mountain Time Zone. This can add a bit of confusion as the term Mountain Time does not differentiate between standard time and Daylight Saving Time, so Mountain Time switches between MST and MDT in areas that use DST during part of the year.
    2. Some areas in British Coloumbia, including Creston, Fort Nelson, Fort St. John, and Dawson Creek use Mountain Standard Time all year.
    3. Most North American time zones also have generic terms, including Pacific Time (PT), Central Time (CT), Eastern Time (ET), and Atlantic Time (AT).
    1. Introduced in the perfectly named “Typescript and validations at runtime boundaries” article @lorefnon, io-ts is an active library that aim to solve the same problem as Spicery:TypeScript compatible runtime type system for IO decoding/encoding

      io-ts

    2. It means that when having a type guard:TypeScript and JavaScript runtime are tied to the same behaviour.
    3. Inside the if statement, TypeScript will assume that amount cannot be anything else than a string, which is true also at the runtime thanks to typeof JavaScript operator.
    1. While it is clear that technologies of communication change societiesand permit different forms of human organization, it is not clear that theychange the basic human thought processes embedded in language. The humanbrain does adapt differently to different technologies (recall the differences inbrain wiring between readers of ideograms and of phonetic alphabets), butthe evidence to date indicates the human brain adapts in order to translateinformation into language, so as to exchange information and permit concertedaction with others with whom we communicate. This concerted action is nolonger, as at the dawn of language, action undertaken by people in close contactbut rather is activity undertaken because of reliance upon expectations storedin individual and social memory.
    1. ugust 14, 2021, rain was observed at the highest point on the Greenland Ice Sheet for several hours, and air temperatures remained above freezing for about nine hours. This was the third time in less than a decade, and the latest date in the year on record, that the National Science Foundation’s Summit Station had above-freezing temperatures and wet snow. There is no previous report of rainfall at this location (72.58°N 38.46°W), which reaches 3,216 meters (10,551 feet) in elevation. Earlier melt events in the instrumental record occurred in 1995, 2012, and 2019; prior to those events, melting is inferred from ice cores to have been absent since an event in the late 1800s
    1. Seit Montag dürfen die Berliner Friseursalons wieder öffnen. Da diese unter einem anderen Paragraphen erfasst sind als die körpernahen Dienstleistungen, trifft die Testpflicht für Mitarbeiter hier nicht zu.

      § 17 (1) S. 1, 2 2. InfSchMV

    2. Die Beschränkung der Bewegungsfreiheit, die sogenannte 15-Kilometer-Regel, bei hohen Inzidenzen fällt weg.

      § 2 (1a) 2. InfSchMV

  9. Jul 2021
    1. Thus we can roughly define what we mean by the art of reading as follows: the process whereby a mind, with nothing to operate on but the symbols of the readable matter, and with no help from outside, 0 elevates itself by the power of its own operations. The mind passes from understanding less to under­standing more. The skilled operations that cause this to hap­pen are the various acts that constitute the art of reading.

      I'm not sure I agree with this perspective of not necessarily asking for outside help.

      What if the author is at fault for not communicating properly or leaving things too obscure? Is this the exception of which he speaks?

      What if the author isn't properly contextualizing all the necessary information to the reader? This can be a particular problem when writing history across large spans of both time and culture or even language.

    1. Publication Dates are not important to Digital Gardeners. Posts are connected via references or common themes.

      I would argue against this. Many digital gardeners use publication dates and even last updated dates on their posts. Time in particular can be an incredibly important datum with regard to providing useful context to one's content.

    1. Leah McElrath 🏳️‍🌈. (2021, July 12). One reason the right-wing outrage machine is focused on attacking Biden’s plan for door-to door outreach isn’t because they actually fear confiscation of guns or Bibles. It’s because they don’t want poor people to have access to life-saving vaccinations. Https://t.co/GnZMmlBfqK [Tweet]. @leahmcelrath. https://twitter.com/leahmcelrath/status/1414660179061264388

    1. you must explore the counter-intuitive possibilities time travel permits. You will learn to choreograph your actions across multiple timelines, and to construct seemingly impossible solutions, such as paradoxical time loops, where the future depends on the past and the past depends on the future.
    1. reduce the production time

      Promotes economies of scale- cost advantage due to the scale of operation. As the cost per unit of output decreasing it causes the scale to increase.

    1. Claudia: How long did you live in the States?Yosell: Let's see, about 24 years. Out here in Mexico, I've probably been here for like a year and a half. Just barely, I guess.Claudia: What was it like coming back to Mexico? You said you made the decision on your own?Yosell: Yeah, I mean, I already did know about it just a little bit, so it wasn't too bad. It was just basically like Los Angeles, it's the same thing, really. Just the differences, the corruption out here, and how people treat you. I would probably walk down the street, and I would always get a dirty look or something. I'd always get checked by the cops here, that's a constant thing for me.

      Reflections

    1. After a good deal of reflection and consultation with my family, I have decided that (aside from pre-existing commitments, of which I have a few) I will no longer give lectures or participate in conferences, whether in person or via video link. I have a great deal that I want to think about and write about, and a dwindling supply of time in which to pursue the tasks I care about most. I understand that this decision might limit sales of my books, and make me even more isolated and ignored than I am already. That’s a trade-off that I simply must make. I feel sure that this is the right thing to do; indeed, the necessary thing to do. I hope that the work I produce in the future will bear out that judgment.

      An interesting take on valuing one's time.

  10. Jun 2021
    1. "Many North American music education programs exclude in vast numbers students who do not embody Euroamerican ideals. One way to begin making music education programs more socially just is to make them more inclusive. For that to happen, we need to develop programs that actively take the standpoint of the least advantaged, and work toward a common good that seeks to undermine hierarchies of advantage and disadvantage. And that, inturn, requires the ability to discuss race directly and meaningfully. Such discussions afford valuable opportunities to confront and evaluate the practical consequences of our actions as music educators. It is only through such conversations, Connell argues, that we come to understand “the real relationships and processes that generate advantage and disadvantage”(p. 125). Unfortunately, these are also conversations many white educators find uncomfortable and prefer to avoid."

    1. Demnach sind bis Ende Juli Events mit maximal 300 Menschen erlaubt. Am 1. August erhöht sich diese Zahl auf 500, am 1. September auf 750, am 1. Oktober auf 1000 – immer unter Wahrung der Abstands- und Hygieneregeln.
    2. Nach dem Beschluss gibt es künftig vor allem keine Kontaktverbote mehr: Durften sich bislang nur maximal fünf Personen oder Angehörige zweier Haushalte treffen, so gilt diese Einschränkung nun nicht mehr.
    1. Gute Nachrichten auch für die Abschlussklassen in Berlin: Abifeiern dürfen wieder stattfinden, genauso Abschlussfeiern von Berufsausbildungen.
    2. Im privaten Bereich bleiben die alten Regeln vorerst bestehen
    3. Kneipen, Restaurants und Spätis dürfen nachts, also zwischen 0 und 5 Uhr wieder Alkohol ausschenken. Das nächtliche Verkaufsverbot entfällt.