452 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
  2. Jul 2024
    1. Weller, Charles Edward. The Early History of the Typewriter. Chase & Shepard, printers, 1918. http://archive.org/details/earlyhistorytyp00wellgoog.

    2. The keys beingattached to the type bars and working inunison with the carriage movement enabledus for the first time to test the work ofprinting words and sentences. We werethen in the midst of an exciting politicalcampaign, and it was then for the first timethat the well known sentence was inaugu-rated,—"*Now is the time for all good mento come to the aid of the party;” also theopening sentence of the Declaration of In-dependence, ““When in the course of humanevents,” etc., which sentences were repeat-ed many times in order to test the speed ofthe machine.

      While some sources indicate that "Now is the time..." was used as an early typing exercise, Charles Weller in his book on the history of typewriters indicates it, along with the opening of the Declaration of Independence, was "repeated many times in order to test the speed of the [typewriter] machine.

    3. I have been describing the actions of themachine in some of its worst moods. Butdon’t imagine for a moment that this was acontinuous affair. There were times wheneverything worked beautifully, and _ thespeed that could be gotten out of it at suchtimes was something marvelous, especiallywhen we got onto that familiar centence,“Now is the time for all good men to cometo the aid of the party.”

      More recent typing books use a variant: “Now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country”. This version fills out a 70-space line if you count the period at the end.

      General lore has it that Charles Weller used the phrase as a typing exercise in the early 1900s.

  3. Jun 2024
    1. In​ 1880 Britain could with some justification be called the ‘workshop of the world’: it produced more than 20 per cent of global industrial output and about 40 per cent of the world’s manufactured exports. In the nearly half-century since Samuel published his essay of that name, historians have done much to undermine the narrative of an ‘industrial revolution’ bookended by the invention of the spinning jenny in 1764 and the New Poor Law of 1834.

      There's an interesting linkage going on here between the industrial revolution (and thus possibly Capitalism) with the creation and even litigation of "the poor" classes in Britain.

      Did "the poor" exist in the same way they do today prior to the Industrial Revolution? What are the subtle differences? (Compare with Thompson, E. P. “Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism.” Past & Present, no. 38 (1967): 56–97.)

    1. Website Development Your website may be the first thing a prospect or business partner sees about your company and brand. How do you want to present yourself? Our talented website design team in Indianapolis has the skills and tools to ensure the visitor has the best experience on any device. Whether you need a complete new website design, update your current website or bug fix it, we can help.

      Discover comprehensive web development services at MEGAstream Media, Indianapolis's leading web design company. Our expert team specializes in creating responsive websites tailored to your business goals, ensuring exceptional user experiences and maximum online visibility.

    1. Electronic Literature is an emergent literary form and academic field, whose genesis in the U.S. can be traced, as mentioned elsewhere on this website, to the work by Michael Joyce, afternoon: a story. As a form, it can be described as "literary works created with the use of a computer for the electronic medium such that they cannot be experienced in any meaningful way without the mediation of an electronic device"

      Electronic literature refers to all literature creations that can be reading digitally, an electronic device is needed.

    1. This book, in contrast to Beam and in spite of Adler’s known flaws,is revisionary in that it rescues Adler from what E. P. Thompson called“the enormous condescension of posterity.” 3

      ref: E. P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class (New York: Pantheon Books, 1964), 12.

    1. Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism - Author(s): E. P. Thompson - Source: Past & Present, No. 38 (Dec., 1967), pp. 56-97 - Published by: Oxford University Press on behalf of The Past and Present Society - Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/649749

      <small><cite class='h-cite via'> <span class='p-author h-card'>Dan Allosso (@danallosso)</span> in Howard Zinn's A People's History, Part 1 (YouTube) (<time class='dt-published'>09/16/2021 09:28:56</time>)</cite></small>

  4. May 2024
    1. They use the term e-immediacy and explain that online instructors cancreate it by using humor, addressing students by name, or using emoticonsin correspondence. This helps foster a more personal relationship withstudents and ultimately allows students to feel connected to the instructorand to the classroom community.

      e-immediacy - psychological distance in online environments

    1. Emanuel macron und die französische Regierung setzen zum Ersatz fossiler Energien auf modulare Atomreaktoren eines neuen Typs. Eine Studie ergibt nun, dass unter dem Aspekt unter den Aspekten der Kosten der Risiko und der technologischen ausgereiftheit diese Reaktoren die in sie gesetzten Erwartungen nicht erfüllt werden. Sie seien technisch, weniger ausgereift, teurer und unsichere als großreaktoren und könnten nicht mit einer und Sonnenenergie konkreten. Der Autor der Studie Antoine, hält die SMR für ein Versprechen der Nuklearindustrie, um den scheitern älterer Prognosen über die Vorteile der Atomenergie abzulenken.

      https://www.liberation.fr/economie/nucleaire-un-rapport-torpille-les-minireacteurs-dont-reve-macron-20240319_YMRJIMHJIJG3JM74MDILLW2K5M/

    1. documentLinks do: [:link | thisSnippet database importDocumentFrom: link ].

      smalltalk myPages := documentLinks collect: [:link | thisSnippet database importDocumentFrom: link ]. En lugar de do: es un collect: para que la nueva colección quede asignada a la variable myPages. Una vez esto funcione, el resto de las intrucciones permite exportar sólo las nuevas páginas, en lugar de todas.

    1. documentLinks

      ~~documentLinks~~ ~> myPages

      Con este nuevo iterador, es posible trabajar con la colección deseada:

      Una vez se trabaja con la colección correcta, el resto del código funciona y las páginas se pueden exportar.

  5. Apr 2024
    1. Schattschneider tells us that contentious politics can be best understand through a lens of conflict expansion. Those in power will (and, strategically, should) try to maintain and contain the scope of a conflict. Those arrayed against them will (and should) attempt to expand the scope of the conflict. If you want to understand an episode of contentious politics, don’t evaluate the substance of the arguments as though you are judging an intercollegiate debate. Instead, watch the crowd.
    2. One book that I have my students read every semester is E.E. Schattschneider’s 1960 classic, The Semi-Sovereign People. The book is a tight 180 pages.
    1. 3.6. CONCLUSÃOE-atividade é a designação que normalmente se aplica à estrutura de umaformação ativa e interativa online. As e-atividades podem ser utilizadas devárias formas, mas têm algumas características comuns.As e-atividades permitem uma aprendizagem online ativa, participativa,individual ou em grupo. São importantes porque empregam princípios úteispara a aprendizagem bem como uma escolha de tecnologias adequadas.CAPÍTULO 3

      Saud@ções a todos os colegas!

      Ora, Pontos-chave que retiro após uma leitura um bocado diagonal donde "vejo" como mais importantes no que concerne ao tema das e-actividades.

      As e-actividades devem ser cuidadosamente projetadas para: * Alcançar os objetivos de aprendizagem da unidade/tópico em questão. * Motivar os alunos e envolvê-los ativamente no processo de aprendizagem. * Considerar as características individuais dos alunos e seus ritmos de aprendizagem. * Utilizar recursos digitais adequados e promover a interação entre os participantes.

      As e-actividades podem ser classificadas em diferentes categorias, como: * Socialização: para quebrar o gelo e promover a interação entre os participantes. * Aquisição de conceitos: para aprender novos conceitos ou vocabulário específico. * Aprofundamento: para aprofundar o conhecimento sobre um determinado tema. * Transferência: para aplicar o conhecimento aprendido em diferentes contextos. * Aplicação: para aplicar o conhecimento aprendido em contextos profissionais.

      As e-actividades podem ser realizadas de forma assíncrona (cada um no seu ritmo) ou síncrona (em tempo real, com todos online ao mesmo tempo).

      O papel do professor nas e-actividades é fundamental para:

      • Orientar e acompanhar os alunos durante todo o processo.
      • Fornecer feedback construtivo sobre o desempenho dos alunos.
      • Facilitar a interação entre os participantes.
      • Avaliar o aprendizagem dos alunos.

      Ao projetar e-atividades, é importante considerar os seguintes aspectos:

      • Contexto: a contextualização da atividade nos conteúdos a serem aprendidos.
      • Planeamento: o período em que a atividade está inserida no calendário do curso e sua duração.
      • Objetivos: os objetivos da atividade e as competências que se espera que os alunos alcancem.
      • Estrutura: como a atividade será desenvolvida, em quantas fases e qual o produto final esperado.
      • Recursos: os recursos que serão utilizados para o desenvolvimento da atividade.
      • Ações: o tipo e os momentos das intervenções dos participantes.
      • Avaliação: os critérios e a ponderação da avaliação da atividade.

      Finalizo destacando a importância da seleção criteriosa de e-atividades que atendam às necessidades dos alunos e promovam uma aprendizagem ativa, significativa e colaborativa. Ricardo Silveira

    1. myBoard show: i*2 "asString"; cr

      Lo que quiero hacer con ese elmento en particular

    2. :i

      elemento de la colección donde estoy ubicado dentro de la colección

    3. do:

      mensaje: qué es lo que quiero hacer en esa colección.

      Otros mensajes son:

      • collect: coleccionar elementos que satisfagan una condición.
      • reject: rechazar elementos que satisfagan una condición.
      • select: seleccionar elementos que satisfagan una condición.
      • `detect: detectar el primer elemento que satisfaga una condición.
      • doWithIndex: hacer algo con los elementos teniendo en cuenta también la posición del elemento en el arreglo.
    4. 1 to: 10

      colección: la secuencia de objetos que quiero recorrer.

    1. thisSnippet database importDocumentFrom: link

      intrucción*: qué quiero hacer con cada elemento donde estoy ubicado (y eventualmente con su índice).

    2. :link

      en cual elemento de la colección estoy ubicado. Y eventualmente, su índice, es decir su posición dentro de la colección.

    3. documentLinks

      Esta es una colección de informacón (usualmente son arreglos)..

    4. do:

      El mensaje: Qué quiero hacer con esta colección.

      Otros mensajes pueden ser:

      • do: hacer con los elementos.
      • doWithIndex: hacer con los elementos, teniendo en cuenta su posición.
      • collect: coleccionar elementos.
      • select: coleccionar elementos.
      • detect: detectar el primer elemento que satisfaga una condición.
      • reject: rechazar elementos.
    1. Isabela Lourenço Nascimento também depende da ajuda de outras pessoas para alimentar os filhos. Mãe de quatro crianças entre 3 a 11 anos de idade, ela está acampada num terreno na Asa Norte, próximo à sede da Organização Internacional do Trabalho (OIT), do Iate Clube e da Universidade de Brasília (UnB), para buscar ajuda.

      Pensar em como essas vulnerabilidade está próxima de "pontos de interesses" (econômico, político e dentre outros), demonstrando essa invisibilidade social.

    1. 真正监听 Entity 变化的是通过 EntityCollection 的事件机制完成的,EntityCollection 无论发生什么变化,都会传递给 Visualizer

      EntityCollection 中发生的变化都会告知给 Visualizer 。

      抽象一下: A 中发生的改变都会告知给 B , A 会吧改变的事物传递给 B ,让 B 来对这个改变的事物进行处理。

      疑惑:

      1、是告知给 对应的 Visualizer 还是 Visualizers 数组? 2、如何告知的?

  6. Mar 2024
    1. As soon as he was born, he cried not as other babes use to do, Miez, miez, miez, miez, but with a high, sturdy, and big voice

      Showing the parallel between him and other babies of his age, he describes that he did not shout "Miez, Miez, Miez, Miez", which translates to "no, no, no, no" in old germanic dialects like the other children. But instead, in a polar opposite manor, yelled "high, sturdy and big voice" shouted drink, drink, drink. Showing from an early age leadership, confidence, and "greatness".

    1. Die Abhängigkeit Europas von russischem Pipelinegas ist in zwei Jahren von 40% auf 10% gesunken. Die Importe von LNG haben um 40% zugenommen, wobei auch da ein erheblicher Anteil aus Russland stammt. Die USA sind der weltgrößte LNG-Exporteur. Mit großer Wahrscheinlichkeit werden bei LNG Überkapazitäten aufgebaut. In Österreich ist die Abhängigkeit von russischem Gas noch immer hoch, weil rein betriebswirtschaftlich entscheiden wird. Die OMV war 2023 verpflichtet, Gas für gut 60 TWh aus Russland zu beziehen und jedenfalls zu bezahlen. https://www.derstandard.at/story/3000000206989/warum-der-abschied-von-russischem-gas-noch-immer-so-schwer-faellt

    1. Österreich könnte auf russisches Gas verzichten, allerdings sind dazu u.a. Ausbaumaßnahmen (West-Austria Gaspipeline) nötig. Über Deutschland transportiertes Gas verteuert sich durch die Speicherumlage. Die Hauptalternative zu russischem Gas ist LNG aus den USA. Der Artikel, der viele Detailinformationen enthält, erwähnt, dass die Probleme mit der Definition von Erdgas als „Übergangsenergie“ zusammenhängen. https://www.derstandard.at/story/3000000209552/abkehr-von-russischem-gas-erfordert-investitionen-in-vorgelagertes-netz

  7. Feb 2024
    1. Interview mit dem OMV-Chef Alfred Stern. Die OMV hat von der Energiekrise durch den Ukraine-Krieg profitiert, setzt internatiional auf Petrochemie im Joint Venture mit der Adnoc und sieht keine Veranlassung, russische Gaslierferungen nach Österreich zu stoppen. (Das österreichische Ministerium für Klimaschutz und Energie hat wegen der Kontrolle der ÖBAG durch das Finanzministerium und der gemeisamen Kontrolle der OMV durch ÖBAG und Adnoc offenbar kaum Einfluss.) https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article248647270/OMV-Chef-Ist-auch-vernuenftig-russisches-Gas-weiterhin-abzunehmen.html

    1. Anders als unter anderem vom deutschen Bundeskanzler Scholz angekündigt, ist es bisher auf EU-Ebene nicht zu einer Entscheidung über mit E-Fuels betriebene Kraftfahrzeuge mit Verbrennungsmotoren gekommen. Die EU-Kommission will ab 2035 nur solche Fahrzeuge zulassen, die komplett klimaneutral sind. Der Streit vor allem mit Österreich, Deutschland und Italien darüber wird sich fortsetzen. https://www.derstandard.de/story/3000000205714/das-verbrenner-aus-ist-fixiert-aber-was-ist-mit-der-ausnahme-fuer-e-fuels

    1. Zahlen der E-Control zu Strom- und Gasverbrauch und -Produktion in Österreich 2023: Im vergangenen Jahr wurden in Österreich 5% weniger Strom und 12,5% weniger Gas verbraucht als 2022. Österreich exportierte erstmal seit längerer Zeit mehr Strom, als es importierte. https://www.derstandard.de/story/3000000205543/verbrauch-von-strom-und-gas-ist-2023-in-oesterreich-deutlich-gesunken

    1. https://www.reddit.com/r/Zettelkasten/comments/1aglte6/eink_tablets/

      I've yet to run across anyone excited about zettelkasten on their e-ink device. The note taking experience for writing/capturing seems to be there, but a user interface for sorting, searching, and interlinking seems to be wholly missing.

  8. Jan 2024
    1. https://www.ebay.com/itm/325982715454

      35 drawer modular card catalog in light mid century modern design. Table with stick legs a 5x6 section including two pull out writing drawers, a 5x1 section and a top. Likely maple, in great shape. All wood and metal, includes all rods.

      Listed in 2024-01-29 for $3995.00 with freight shipping extra from South Bend, IN

      Labeled as a Centura 400 (model?)

      Cost per drawer: $114.00

      This is the first time I've seen a catalog from Sjöström on the market though on searching there are a handful floating around.

    1. “escribir e investigar es prototipar”. En otras palabras,la investigación en sí misma es un prototipo porque sus elementos y su conjunto es suceptible de iteración constante: la pregunta, la justificación, los objetivos, los diseños metodológicos y de análisis de datos, etc.
    1. Web assimilation is the extent of organizational use of web technologies in facilitating e-commerce strategies and activities. Our definition focuses on the relative success of firms (as compared to other firms in the industry) in incorporating the Web technology into its e-commerce strategies and activities. This definition is consistent with perspectives on Type III IS innovations, with earlier treatments of IT assimilation at the organizational level (Armstrong and Sambamurthy 1999), and reflects our interest in understanding firms as innovation systems for attaining differential levels of technology assimilation success (Fichman 2001). We regard the level of assimilation to be one of the visible outcomes of the stream of structuring actions across the firm. Further, we anticipate the differential level of assimilation success across firms to be linked to the nature of the institutional enablers or the metastructuring actions within those firms.

      Definition and further explanation of the mean of Web Asssimilation.

    1. A simple survey should be offered during the unsubscribe process to allow customers to provide feedback about why they are leaving.
    2. Do not send a confirmation email as it can be a violation of CAN-SPAM and you risk further alienating consumers.
    1. Es ist noch unklar, ob die Rekordtemperaturen des vergangenen Jahres – vermutlich war es das wärmste seit 125.000 Jahren – Anlass zu einer Revision der zur Zeit benutzten Klimamodelle werden. Die Hypothese James Hansens, dass sich die Erhitzung der Erde beschleunige. wird von vielen Klimaforschenden nicht geteilt. Es gibt noch keine allgemein anerkannte Erklärung der Temperatur-Anomalien 2023. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/12/26/climate/global-warming-accelerating.html

      Infografik zu den monatlichen Durchschnittstemperaturen seit 1900: https://static01.nytimes.com/newsgraphics/2023-12-18-record-hot-year-embed/4055787d-f3af-401d-b252-1dfdff4811f4/_assets/chart_annotated-Artboard-945.png

  9. Nov 2023
    1. Get it right and we will see a lot less of our precious minerals, metals and resources dumped into landfill

      This line specifically stood out to me in this article because it is hard to hear, but also very true to the world we live in. As a world, we toss things out the moment they are no longer viewed as valuable to us but we dont toss things when they are "precious". For example, we buy a new iphone and hold it to a high value but then a year later a new iphone comes out and the old one gets tossed away like it is invaluable. Instead of just tossing things like this we need to be more proactive in recycling valuable and difficult resources that one day we may not have.

    1. What he's talking about when he says "by arithmetic" is what they mean by solving something by inspection. I can tell by just looking at it that x is 4 in the equation 16-x =12. I don't need to "subtract 16 from both sides" and then "divide both sides by negative 1" to solve for x. I can do it by inspection rather than by plodding, pedestrian, algebraic steps. The problem is that as equations get bigger and more complicated, you have to use these mindless algebraic steps. You can't see intuitively what x is by "using arithmetic." You need the mechanics and the discipline of algebra. It's actually really cool to see it work (to solve word problems, for example) sometimes, especially when you'd have no fucking clue what x might be and then algebra works like magic. It's a powerful tool we use, not because we "don't understand what we're doing" (i.e. deducing an unknown's value), but because the task is far too big for our intuition and "inspection" alone.
  10. Oct 2023
    1. With regards to Social Presence results, it can be noted that the highest reported E-tivity designing principles were those that aligned with the Affective Expression (39.46%).

      Os resultados da investigação são interessantes e reforçam, entre outros aspetos, o carácter e importância da sociabilidade no seio do grupo. Se aceitarmos que a educação é uma questão de coração (Dom Bosco) ficamos mais conscientes que a tarefa do professor vai muito além das fronteiras metodológicas e será, com certeza, o seguro de um processo de ensino/aprendizagem, inserido num determinado contexto e conjunto de objetivos. Para o desenho das e-atividades considerar, a partir dos objetivos, os recursos necessários, as atividades a desenvolver propriamente ditas, a duração das mesmas, o processo de avaliação, não esquecendo o feedback que apoiará o aprendente durante todo o processo, reforçando-se que é imperativo as instruções de realização serem claras e objetivas. É igualmente importante, do lado do docente, a planificação de todo o processo através de um documento que funcione como guia orientador.

      @ Microcredencial em Educação a Distância e Digital 2023

    1. Stallings said, “Does Emily’s clarity betray that element of the epic register that Matthew Arnold calls ‘nobility’? Some critics think a certain grandeur is missing. But every translation is a compromise, even a great one.”

      esp. the last portion

      every translation is a compromise, even a great one.

  11. Sep 2023
    1. You must include at least the mailto portion of the List-Unsubscribe header, since some services only support this portion (iOS, for example). However, many inbox providers and mail clients honor both methods. To ensure that the greatest number of your recipients have the ability to unsubscribe from your emails, thus protecting your reputation as a sender, we recommend including both mailto and http.
    2. You must include at least the mailto portion of the List-Unsubscribe header, since some services only support this portion (iOS, for example). However, many inbox providers and mail clients honor both methods. To ensure that the greatest number of your recipients have the ability to unsubscribe from your emails, thus protecting your reputation as a sender, we recommend including both mailto and http.
    3. List-Unsubscribe is a small piece of text that can be inserted in the header section of your email. The List-Unsubscribe header will insert an “unsubscribe” button, or link, next to the From address at the top of your email. A recipient can click this link to notify you that they would like to unsubscribe from your emails.
    1. List-unsubscribe can help reduce spam complaints.If subscribers can’t find the unsubscribe link, they may click the spam reporting button instead. This could hurt your email deliverability and sender reputation. To mailbox providers, a spam complaint is a spam complaint, regardless of whether the recipient actually perceived the message as malicious.
    2. Support for list-unsubscribe varies across email clients.
    1. Apparently, Google uses some additional heuristics to decide whether the link should be displayed or not. The List-Unsubscribe header could be abused by spammers to validate that their target got the message, and thus, GMail only shows the unsubscribe link if the source of the message has accumulated sufficient trust.

      Shouldn't it be controllable by the end user, in the same way that they can press a button to show all images if images are blocked by default for security/privacy reasons??

  12. Aug 2023
  13. Jul 2023
    1. Scholars have experienced information overload for more than a century [Vickery, 1999] and the problem is just getting worse. Online access provides much better knowledge discovery and aggregation tools, but these tools struggle with the fragmentation of research communication caused by the rapid proliferation of increasingly specialized and overlapping journals, some with decreasing quality of reviewing [Schultz, 2011].
    1. i watched lecture 1A, went through the firstish chapter of the interactive book side by side the web edition, i did the first couple exercises in the interactive one bc i didnt want to set up an environment. ngl i thought by 1.1 - 1.3 you guys meant "literally exercises 1.1-1.3 in chapter 1.1" so i was taking it mega chill but apparently there's like 50 exercises or some shit like that so ill have to step it up this weekend
    1. The results from both Midjourney and Stable Diffusion seem to be the most convincing and realistic if I was to judge from a human point of view and if I didn't know they were AI generated, I would believe their results.

      Midjourney & Stable Diffusion > Dall-E and Adobe Firefly

  14. Jun 2023
    1. Eine von der Firma e.venture (im Standard als "Beratungsfirma E-Venture" bezeichnet; Kunden u.a. e.on und Vattenfall) selbstständig durchgeführte Studie kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass Österreich auf absehbare Zeit nicht genug erneuerbaren Strom aus eigenen Quellen herstellen kann. Unter anderem seien dafür die langen Genehmigungsverfahren verantwortlich. Die Studie befürwortet den Bau neuer Gaskraftwerke. https://www.derstandard.at/story/3000000174397/strompreis-bleibt-laut-studie-wohl-auf-jahre-hinaus-hoch

  15. May 2023
    1. Please can we (a) retain case information from the email address the student uses to set up their account (in case their mailbox is case sensitive), and use that when sending password reset emails, etc., but also (b) when checking credentials for login or setting up an account, treat the email address as non-case-sensitive. The upshot would be if someone registered with Student@City.ac.uk, all emails would go to Student@City.ac.uk, but the student would be able to log in with student@city.ac.uk, and if someone later tried to set up an account with student@city.ac.uk they'd be told that the user already exists.
    2. Although there's an argument for keeping case sensitivity for the local mailbox (as they can be case sensitive, depending on how they're set up, though I haven't come across case sensitivity in university emails), the domain part of the email address is not case sensitive and should not be treated as such. Please can we (a) retain case information from the email address the student uses to set up their account (in case their mailbox is case sensitive), and use that when sending password reset emails, etc., but also (b) when checking credentials for login or setting up an account, treat the email address as non-case-sensitive. The upshot would be if someone registered with Student@City.ac.uk, all emails would go to Student@City.ac.uk, but the student would be able to log in with student@city.ac.uk, and if someone later tried to set up an account with student@city.ac.uk they'd be told that the user already exists.
    1. If you are storing email addresses then you probably should store them in their original case (the recipient at least) to be safe. However, always compare them case-insensitively in order to avoid duplicates.
    1. However, it's difficult to rely on a case-sensitive email address in the real world because many systems (typically ones that have to handle data merging) don't preserve case. Notably systems that use email addresses for user IDs, or any system that has to collate data from multiple sources (CRMs, email broadcast systems, etc) will either normalise case or treat them case-insensitively.
    2. However, for all practical purposes in the modern age, I believe you can consider email addresses to be case insensitive.
    1. a SHOULD is always trumped in RFCs by a MUST. The fact that hosts SHOULD do something means that they might not and I just wanted reassurance that, in reality, the SHOULD is a bit more widely adopted than its definition implies.
    1. While email addresses are only partially case-sensitive, it is generally safe to think of them as case insensitive. All major providers, such as Gmail, Yahoo Mail, Hotmail, and others, treat the local parts of email addresses as case insensitive.
    2. According to RFC 5321, the local part of the email address is case sensitive. This means that, in theory, SoMething@something.com is not the same as something@something.com. However, email providers have the liberty to treat the local parts as both case sensitive and case insensitive.
    1. Are Email Addresses Case Sensitive? Technically, the answer is yes. However, email addresses are typically not case sensitive; if you type your email address into a form and accidentally capitalize one or two letters, it probably won’t prevent the sender from emailing you.
    2. The local part does, in fact, take the case into account, as per RFC 5321. However, Email Service Providers (ESPs) are aware of the potential confusion that could result from allowing upper-case letters.
    1. In short, while it’s technically possible to make the part before @ case sensitive, most popular email servers do not allow that. 
    2. Most big email providers like Gmail, Outlook and even company email address hosted on Google Suite are not case sensitive. Just to avoid any unnecessary confusion. However, in extreme cases, some large companies, implement case sensitivity on their server as some people can often have the same first and last name. But in general, this creates more confusion, than the usability, which is why most standard email providers avoid case sensitivity. 
    1. Either way, at some point almost everyone started treating addresses as case-insensitive.
    2. Despite it being commonplace to “fix up” email addresses by lowercasing them — or, in financial/government contexts, uppercasing them — email addresses are clearly defined as case-sensitive in the only standard that matters.
    1. Since using case insensitivity is so widespread, take their sign up email address and make it lower case. Whenever they try to log in, convert that to lowercase as well, for comparison purposes, when you go to see if the user exists. As far as sign up and sign in go, do a case insensitive comparison. If the person signs up as Steve@example.com, you'll still want to allow them to sign in later with steve@example.com or sTeVE@example.com.
    2. But you should also keep track of the email address that they signed up with in a case sensitive fashion. Any time you send an email to them, be sure to send it with that original casing. This allows the email server to handle it however it feels like it needs to. So even though the person may always be signing in to your site with steve@example.com, if they signed up as Steve@example.com, you'll always send email to Steve@example.com, just to be safe.
    3. The de facto standard is to treat local mailboxes as case insensitive, but the official standard says case matters (though even the official standard mentions the de facto standard).
    1. So yes, the part before the "@" could be case-sensitive, since it is entirely under the control of the host system. In practice though, no widely used mail systems distinguish different addresses based on case.
    2. In short, you are safe to treat email addresses as case-insensitive.
    1. Since the case sensitivity of email addresses can create confusion and delivery problems, most email providers and clients either fix the case if the email address is entered in the wrong case, or they ignore upper-case entries. Not many email services or ISPs enforce case-sensitive email addresses.
    1. Introducing BOOX Tab Ultra C: Let the Colors Help You Work Better

      They're primarily touting one of the few e-ink tablets that does color (beginning in 2023), but it's fascinating to see the Boox marketing department using this video to sell the idea of color on a screen as a tool for thought this way.

      It's subtle and something we take for granted, so they have a point, but somehow odd none the less, perhaps because of its ubiquity.

      Let the colors help you think, organize, and work better.

      Let the colors help you work better.

      Colors inspire

    1. “Functional” is a dirty word in dance music. No one wants to be merely functional, nor find themselves on the receiving end of utilitarianism. You don’t want to be invited to a “function,” either—you want to go to a party. Yet culture has been tacking in the direction of the functional for a while now. Music is composed to study or sleep or chill to. Algorithms anticipate our desires. Any creative act can be made into content, which computers then sell ads in front of. There are brand “activations,” which is just another word for functions. All this matters rather a lot for the state of dance music, which, at its core, is meant to serve a specific purpose. Even its name issues a command: Dance.But the best dance music knows all this and blithely ignores it. Instead, it deftly undercuts function with surprise, or pairs it with emotion in sweet harmony.

      This is one of those hilariously overdone "highlights" but oh my god.

      I need to make a commitment to either seek out more music criticism or figure out once and for all how to effectively communicate to all the different sorts of people in my life who act absurdly justified in demanding I express my thoughts about music ... well

      FUCK OFF.

  16. Apr 2023
    1. By default SMTP offers very little protection against interception. Traffic may be encrypted between servers but there are no guarantees.

      And how likely is it that the attacker actually owns one of the servers that is a hop on the way from mail sender to mail recipient?? Seems extremely unlikely.

    2. email as a transmission mechanism isn't secure.
    1. Best eReader with annotating capabilities? .t3_12vkt1a._2FCtq-QzlfuN-SwVMUZMM3 { --postTitle-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postTitleLink-VisitedLinkColor: #9b9b9b; --postBodyLink-VisitedLinkColor: #989898; }

      reply to u/mazzios at https://www.reddit.com/r/englishmajors/comments/12vkt1a/best_ereader_with_annotating_capabilities/

      I go out of my way to read .pdfs in my browser (laptop and/or mobile/tablet) so that I can use web.hypothes.is as a tool for quickly annotating, note taking, and tagging. (It also works for anything web-based.) It's reasonably easy to pull the data out (even by cut and paste) into other programs and tools like Obsidian if necessary. All of my infrastructure here is free. Hypothes.is makes a fantastic commonplace book set up for research, but I do a more refined zettelkasten structure within Obsidian for advanced thinking, writing, and eventual output.

      Another solid option for digital copies is to read them within something like Zotero that will aggregate highlights/notes and allows tagging.

      I don't do it as often, but the Calibre program has an e-reader and some annotation functionalities.

      Kitt Betts-Masters has some excellent videos comparing some of the best in class e-readers. Try: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ifDi2SsQjQM. I don't have one yet, but I'm about to get either the Supernote A5X or the Boox Note Air 2 Plus after looking into some of this extensively. I'm not 100% sure that the user interface and data portability will be exactly what I'm hoping for though.

      Exporting notes from Kindle manually works for non-pdf e-books, but the interface isn't as quick and easy. Generally I've not found Libby to be useful at all from a UI or data export functionality.

      At the end of the day, sometimes a pile of index cards works best. If you've not read Sonke Ahrens (Create Space, 2017) or Umberto Eco (MIT, 2015) yet, they may be highly useful.

    1. sume los imaginarios desde la perspectiva sociológica e histórica,donde los imaginarios sociales son un magma de significaciones (representacio-nes, afectos, deseos, sentimientos y actuaciones) que constituyen un conjuntoreal de imágenes con las cuales los sujetos construyen, dan sentido al mundo ensu relación permanente y dialógica con el colectivo anónimo

      desde que perspectiva se asumen los imaginarios sociales

    1. Extending the life of electronic products and re-using electrical components brings an even larger economic benefit, as working devices are certainly worth more than the materials they contain. A circular electronics system - one in which resources are not extracted, used and wasted, but re-used in countless ways - creates decent, sustainable jobs and retains more value in the industry.

      This paragraph caught my attention for several reasons. The first is that it was one of the first paragraphs that I actually understood what it was saying. Additionally, it made me feel like I could do something about it. When it said that reusing electrical components are better, it helped me see a clear way that I can direct effect this. Finally, I thought this paragraph was interesting because it talked about creating jobs. This is important to note because more and more people are going to school for something involving technology. This creates jobs for that specific group of people.

  17. Mar 2023
    1. What are transactional emails? Typically any email that is triggered by or sent automatically from your application.
    2. Welcome emails Actionable emails Password resets Receipts Monthly invoices Support requests App error alerts Reminders etc.
    1. for instance, when the recipient’s address is full (a soft bounce: just wait and re-send) or worst, when it’s non-existent (a hard bounce: you need to remove the account from your list)