66 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Learners who knew all their letters at the end of grade 1 were on track with their reading by the time they reached grade 4. Learners with very limited letter-sound knowledge at the end of grade 1 were three years behind, only reaching grade 4 reading fluency levels in grade 7.

      CRUX - if I need to keep the UX design clean and simple I must make sure I focus on on the letters. The alphabet game I have in mind is perfect for that. And it would be feasible to translate to the other languages IF I GET EXPERTS in each language to help.

    2. We need to understand what prevents basic reading skills from being acquired in grade 1 and 2 classrooms. A systemic programme to improve what teachers are taught at university is needed. In classrooms, diagnostic assessment of early grade reading skills can also help to detect where children are falling behind.

      My application won't fix this but it's a tool - it's for the teacher and learner but again it won't assist if there aren't deeper incentives to inspire and create a better system - WICKED PROBLEM

    1. here were no longitudinal intervention research programmes combiningresearchers and teachers that had demonstrated in practice how to turn aroundfoundation phase classrooms in poor and rural communities. As summarised byvan der Berg, et al (2016:51), ‘unfortunately there have been almost no successstories, at least in terms of improving reading outcomes verified by a rigorousevaluation’. Moreover, while there was a small but important research communityfocusing on the importance of African languages in South African primaryschooling (prominent and influential is the work of PRAESA in early literacy, ledby Carole Bloch (e.g., 2002; 2000), there are no longitudinal attempts to applybilingual language theory systematically to the entire enterprise of foundationphase classroom teaching.

      Wow - I am going off topic but what's the point of an application when there's so few success stories in sa

    2. educationaldesign research methodology.

      Educational design research methodology.

    1. cognitive skills. Therefore, keeping the designs clean and safe from clutter and distractions is essential. This will help kids get the b

      Which sounds work best for my age group/target audience?

  2. Jan 2024
    1. All stakeholders in the world must now act according to the agreed Cop28 output, and deliver on the CopP28 Global Stocktake Agreement, which means rapidly transitioning away from oil, coal and gas, aiming at more than 40% reductions by 2030
      • for: climate mitigation, stats - 40% reduction by 2030, quote - Johan Rockstrom, quote - fossil fuel phase out

      • quote: Johan Rockstrom

        • All stakeholders in the world must now act according to the agreed Cop28 output, and deliver on the CopP28 Global Stocktake Agreement,
          • which means rapidly transitioning away from oil, coal and gas, aiming at more than 40% reductions by 2030
      • Date: Dec 31, 2023
  3. Dec 2023
      • for: fossil fuel phase out, fossil fuel phase down, COP28 controversy, Sultan Al Jaber controversy, fossil fuel demand phase out, Nafeez Ahmed - phase out fossil fuel demand, carbon colonialism, colonialism - climate crisis

      • title: A Message to White Environmentalists: Demanding a Fossil Fuel Phase Out is Not Enough

      • author: Nafeez Ahmed
      • date: Dec 6, 2023
      • publication: Byline Times
    1. Whatever one thinks of Sultan Al Jaber, one statement he’s made repeatedly makes perfect sense: “We cannot unplug the world from the current energy system before we build a new energy system.” The focus, then, has to shift.
      • for: quote - Sultan Al Jabber, quote - energy replacement instead of phase out, key point - focus on energy transition instead of just fossil fuel phase out

      • quote

        • Whatever one thinks of Sultan Al Jaber, one statement he’s made repeatedly makes perfect sense: “We cannot unplug the world from the current energy system before we build a new energy system.”
        • The focus, then, has to shift.
          • Instead of focusing on dismantling the incumbent system,
          • we need to focus on accelerating the deployment of the new system that will replace it
      • author: Nafeez Ahmed
      • date : Dec 6, 2023

      • key point

        • we must focus on the energy shift instead of just the phase out or down of the old energy system
    2. Yet we have to not lose sight of the opportunity ahead. We have a chance to get a global agreement on some unprecedented milestones that have never been on the table before: tripling renewables worldwide by 2030, reducing fossil fuel use worldwide, and releasing trillions of climate finance.  What many don’t realise is that we are dealing with nonlinear dynamics here – not simple straight line change.
      • for: COP28 - success without phase out

      • key point

        • Even if the final COP28 language does not include phase out or phase down, it can still happen if the other deals are inked, such as tripling of renewables by 2030 or trillions more for climate finance.
        • This is because nonlinear dynamics are at play
        • Tripling investments can result in deployment far beyond the 3x investment
        • If that happens then the resulting atmosphere will force phase down and potentially phase out of fossil fuels simply by market logic
          • current heavy fossil fuel subsidies will be stressed to potential breaking point
          • being so noncompetitive will drive away many investors
    1. Ultimately, the conversation needs to change to how we phase out fossil fuel demand. Because it’s demand that keeps producers in business.
  4. Nov 2023
    1. Untersuchungen zeigen, dass die COP28 mit dem Emissions Peak für Treibhausgase zusammenfallen könnte. Um das 1,5°-Ziel zu erreichen, müssten allerdings die Emissionen bis 2030 um die Hälfte sinken. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/ng-interactive/2023/nov/29/cop28-what-could-climate-conference-achieve

    1. Der FDP-Vorsitzende Christian Lindner hat in einem Interview den von der Ampelkoalition beschlossenen Ausstieg aus der Kohleverstromung bis 2023 in Frage gestellt. Dabei behauptete er fälschlicherweise, die dardurch in Deutschland eingesparten Emissionen würden anderen EU-Staaten zur Verfügung gestellt. https://taz.de/Lindner-gegen-Kohleausstieg-2030/!5966983/

  5. Oct 2023
  6. Sep 2023
    1. So all of these are necessary wedges to add to have a chance of delivering 1.5, if you assume, what I think my IPCC colleagues would call an orderly phase out of the fossil fuel economy. But, of course, I would like to turn that around to say, well let's take an Earth system perspective on this, 00:22:02 and just look at the tipping points, the buffering capacities, how the planetary boundaries are doing, and build it up from that perspective. And then you end up with the result that shows that the budget is gone.
      • for: more aggressive target, question, question - fossil fuel phase out
      • comment

        • the current approach sets a target of 1.5 Deg C to reach,
        • the science needs to continuously update the policy.
        • Unfortunately, this means our target will need to be LESS THAN 1.5 Deg C
      • question

        • if there is no budget left anymore, that puts politicians in a bind in how to achieve an orderly phase out.
        • nobody seems to have the answer
        • what do we do?
    2. there are so many uncertain factors on soil carbon, ocean carbon, ocean heat, ice melt, biodiversity loss, biome tipping points.
      • for: precautionary principle, fossil fuel phase out, carbon budget - uncertainties, carbon budget - underestimate
      • highlight
        • the precautionary principle dictates that the uncertainties in:
          • soil carbon
          • ocean carbon
          • ocean heat
          • ice melt
          • biodiversity loss
          • biome tipping points
        • implies that the any one of these can easily bring our remaining carbon budget down to zero.
  7. Aug 2023
  8. May 2023
    1. Eine noch nicht verabschiedete Regierungsvorlage sieht vor, dass Indien keine weiteren Kohlekraftwerke baut. Die im Bau befindlichen Anlagen werden 28 zusätzliche Gigawatt produzieren. taz-Artikel mit Angaben zur Kohleenergie in Indien. https://taz.de/Kohleausbaustopp-in-Indien/!5930159/

    1. Die Planungen neuer Kohlekraftwerke und die Nutzung von Kohleenergie haben im vergangenen Jahr neue Höchststände erreicht. Vor allem China plant viele neue Kraftwerke. Der Bericht Boom and Burst Coal des Global Energy Monitor stellt außerdem fest, dass Kohlekraftwerke weltweit viereinhalb Mal schneller abgeschaltet werden müssten, um das Ziel des Verzichts auf Kohleenergie bis 2040 zu erreichen.

  9. Apr 2023
    1. Iain McGilchrist for my book, he shared that he views matter as ‘a phase of consciousness’ in a similar way to how ice is a phase of water

      Quote - matter is a phase of consciousness

      Author - Iain McGilchrist

    1. The cases examined here thus point to a global process of civilizational transition. As a complex adaptive system, human civilization in the twenty-first century finds itself at the early stages of a systemic phase-shift which is already manifesting in local sub-system failures in every major region of the periphery of the global system... In this context, it is precisely the acceleration of global system failure that paves the way for the possibility of fundamental systemic transformation, and the emergence of a new phase-shift in the global system… Human civilization is in the midst of a global transition to a completely new system which is being forged from the ashes of the old. Yet the contours of this new system remain very much subject to our choices today…. there remains a capacity for agents within the global system to generate adaptive responses that, through the power of transnational information flows, hold the potential to enhance collective consciousness. The very breakdown of the prevailing system heralds the potential for long-term post-breakdown systemic transformation.

      Definition - Global Phase Shift - A global process of civilizational transition in which - Human civilization - a complex adaptive system, - in the twenty-first century finds itself - at the early stages of a systemic phase-shift - which is already manifesting in local sub-system failures - in every major region of the periphery of the global system. - In this context, it is precisely the acceleration of global system failure - that paves the way for the possibility of - fundamental systemic transformation, - and the emergence of a new phase-shift in the global system - Human civilization is in the midst - of a global transition - to a completely new system - which is being forged from the ashes of the old. - Yet the contours of this new system remain very much subject to our choices today - there remains a capacity for agents - within the global system - to generate adaptive responses that, - through the power of transnational information flows, - hold the potential to enhance collective consciousness. - The very breakdown of the prevailing system - heralds the potential for long-term post-breakdown systemic transformation.

    1. due to the critical role of information in phase-transitions, the primary pathway to global systemic transformation will depend on our ability to process information on our current predicament coherently in order to translate this into adaptive action.

      Key observation - due to the critical role of information in phase-transitions, - the primary pathway to global systemic transformation - will depend on our ability to process information on our current predicament coherently - in order to translate this into adaptive action.

  10. Mar 2023
    1. 10.1038/s41558-022-01576-2

      Der Aufsatz und die ihm zugrundeliegende Publikation kritisieren, dass die 1,5°-pathways des IPCC den Kohleausstieg vor dem Öl- und Gassausstieg fordern. Damit tragen die ärmeren Länder die Hauptlast. Gerechter und besser umzusetzen wäre ein schnellerer Ausstieg aus Öl und Gas, der vom globalen Norden eine schnellere Transformation verlangen würde.

  11. Apr 2022
    1. a mind needs books like sword needs a whetstone

      大脑需要阅读,就像剑刃需要磨刀石

  12. Mar 2022
    1. Project Discovery Phase

      The main software development project phases, such as design, code writing, testing, deployment, and support, are well-liked by most entrepreneurs. But what about the Phase of Project Discovery? The Discovery Phase is the most underappreciated stage, and it may appear to be far more important than the others combined. The discovery phase of a project is frequently associated with unnecessary costs and, on occasion, with saving tens of thousands of dollars. The project discovery phase, on the other hand, is all about cost-effective product development.

  13. Aug 2021
  14. Jul 2021
    1. What is Project Discovery Phase in Custom Software DevelopmentDmitry ChekalinChief Executive OfficerDaniil TorkutDeveloper AdvocateCustom SoftwareHomeBlogEntrepreneurshipWhat is Project Discovery Phase in Custom Software DevelopmentMar 30, 202012 min readSo, you came up with a new product idea. What’s next? For sure, you want to get a time and cost estimation from a software agency. However, most likely, they won’t be able to provide an accurate timeline and development costs after your request.The matter is that to provide an estimate, a development team needs more information than you think. Is there any solution in this situation? Sure, it is a project discovery phase.In this article, we will share a brief overview of a project discovery stage, and cover its goals, main tasks, and results for customers.

      So, you came up with a new product idea. What’s next? For sure, you want to get a time and cost estimation from a software agency. However, most likely, they won’t be able to provide an accurate timeline and development costs after your request.

      The matter is that to provide an estimate, a development team needs more information than you think. Is there any solution in this situation? Sure, it is a project discovery phase.

      In this article, we will share a brief overview of a project discovery stage, and cover its goals, main tasks, and results for customers.

  15. May 2021
  16. Apr 2021
    1. In seven out of the eleven subjects in whom core body temperature could be sampled, the nadir of body temperature was advanced during L-T4 intake by 15 minutes to 270 minutes.

      This supports my speculation from another study, found here.

  17. Feb 2021
    1. Dr. Tara C. Smith. (2021, January 23). A reminder: Especially among the elderly, some individuals will die shortly after receipt of the vaccine. What we need to understand is the background rate of such deaths. Are they higher then in the vaccinated population? We didn’t see that in the trials. Some data from @RtAVM. https://t.co/LJe9k1WJQC [Tweet]. @aetiology. https://twitter.com/aetiology/status/1352810672359428097

  18. Dec 2020
  19. Sep 2020
  20. Aug 2020
    1. Zhu, F.-C., Guan, X.-H., Li, Y.-H., Huang, J.-Y., Jiang, T., Hou, L.-H., Li, J.-X., Yang, B.-F., Wang, L., Wang, W.-J., Wu, S.-P., Wang, Z., Wu, X.-H., Xu, J.-J., Zhang, Z., Jia, S.-Y., Wang, B.-S., Hu, Y., Liu, J.-J., … Chen, W. (2020). Immunogenicity and safety of a recombinant adenovirus type-5-vectored COVID-19 vaccine in healthy adults aged 18 years or older: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial. The Lancet, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31605-6

  21. Jul 2020
    1. Davis, J. T., Chinazzi, M., Perra, N., Mu, K., Piontti, A. P. y, Ajelli, M., Dean, N. E., Gioannini, C., Litvinova, M., Merler, S., Rossi, L., Sun, K., Xiong, X., Halloran, M. E., Longini, I. M., Viboud, C., & Vespignani, A. (2020). Estimating the establishment of local transmission and the cryptic phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA. MedRxiv, 2020.07.06.20140285. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.06.20140285

  22. Jun 2020
    1. Figure 6.1.46.1.4\PageIndex{4}: Temperature versus heat. The system is constructed so that no vapor evaporates while ice warms to become liquid water, and so that, when vaporization occurs, the vapor remains in the system. The long stretches of constant temperatures at 0oC0oC0^oC and 100oC100oC100^oC reflect the large amounts of heat needed to cause melting and vaporization, respectively.

      Figure 6.1.4 : Temperature versus heat. The system is constructed so that no vapor evaporates while ice warms to become liquid water, and so that, when vaporization occurs, the vapor remains in the system. The long stretches of constant temperatures at 0oC and 100oC reflect the large amounts of heat needed to cause melting and vaporization, respectively.

  23. May 2020
  24. Apr 2020
  25. Oct 2019
    1. Phase variation is often mediated by the presence of highly mutagenic simple tandem DNA repeats, and genes containing such sequences can be easily identified
  26. Aug 2019
  27. Jul 2019
    1. During Phase 3, students work both individually and in small groups at using strategies and skills from the previous phases to develop lines of inquiry around curricular topics. This type of project requires clear questions, multiple reliable sources, citations, and a final product that communicates that information to others.

      Phase 3 focuses on students independent thinking and collaborative thinking and builds on skills developed in previous phases. This phase requires that the students have defined questions, reliable resources, citations, and a final product that communicates their learning and research to others.

    2. Phase 2 is a collaborative phase during which both teachers and students conduct think-aloud demonstrations and minilessons. Teacher modeling in the beginning of the phase gives way to student modeling in the latter half. Students take responsibility for teaching their peers a variety of online reading comprehension strategies. Instruction also begins to move from search skills to critical evaluation and synthesis skills. (See a complete checklist of skills.)

      Phase 2: Essentially students and teachers initially have a thinking brainstorm session about the topic/theme. Teacher is the model in the start of this phase and then lets the student take the reigns. Students have responsibility for teaching their peers online reading comprehension strategies. Also moves into critical evaluation and synthesis skills.

    3. Phase 1 centers on computer basics, word processing skills, Web searching, navigation basics, and e-mail.

      phase 1; basics and introduction to internet skills, searching, etc.

  28. Jan 2019
    1. phase is the essential element of sound,

      It’ll be very interesting to experiment with phase-focused modules. Even when we intellectually know how phase affects sound, we often have a hard time figuring out how we can leverage it.

  29. Aug 2018
    1. phase-angle differ­ences simply refer to whether the phases, the parts of one rhythmic pattern,

      Phase-angle definition.

      "phase-angle differ­ences simply refer to whether the phases, the parts of one rhythmic pattern, lag, precede, or coincide with those of another."

  30. Oct 2017
    1. 5 µg per square meter per day in relapsed NHL patients led to an elimination of target cells in blood

      5 ug/m2 phase 1 eliminated target cells in blood short serum half life

  31. May 2017
    1. James Bay hydro-electric project
      The James Bay hydroelectric project proposed to construct watersheds along the eastern shores of the Hudson Bay from James Bay to Ungava Bay in Canada. This distance is approximately 750 miles. It would alter nineteen waterways and create 27 reservoirs (Linton, 1991). The first phase of construction, called La Grande River phase, was planned to generate more than ten megawatts, which is the equivalent of roughly ten nuclear power plants. This portion of the project would require large impoundment reservoirs, comparable to the size of the state of Connecticut. The James Bay hydroelectric project was the first “mega-scale hydroelectric project to be built in the sub-Arctic.” The project was proposed in the early 1970s, at a time when “physical and social environmental effects were not taken into significant consideration” (Hornig, 2000). Due to its timing and lack of environmental assessment and research, the James Bay hydroelectric project was compared to the Mackenzie Valley pipeline proposals of Arctic Gas and Foothills within the Berger Inquiry. At the time, during the 1970s, there were few people who actively opposed the construction of the James Bay hydroelectric plant. They included the Cree inhabitants of the area and some environmental activists. However, during the 1980s, after the completion of the La Grande River phase, opposition became more frequent and more apparent as concerns about environmental impacts became more well-known. 
      

      References

      Hornig, J. F. (2000). Review: Social and Environmental Impacts of teh James Bay Hydroelectric Project. Natural Resources & Environment, 121.

      Linton, J. I. (1991). Guest Editorial: The James Bay Hydroelectric Project -- Issue of the Century. Arctic, iii-iv.